Chicago Public Schools announced late Thursday that it was laying off 2,113 teachers and support staff — a figure more than twice as large as the teachers union head was expecting and one the district blamed on the Illinois legislature's failure to reach a deal on pension reform. CPS is the second largest employer in the entire state of Illinois.
Among those laid off Thursday are 1,036 teachers and 1,077 support staff, including teacher assistants, food service employees, security guards and janitorial staff.
The layoffs come on top of 855 teachers and support staff who were laid off in June due to school closings and turnarounds. And on top of it all, the district says another 161 teachers from closing schools will not be offered a position at the receiving schools.
School district spokeswoman Becky Carroll said the district is facing a $1 billion budget deficit, much of it driven by an increase in its pension obligations.
"We were hoping to get pension reform in Springfield," she said. "That did not happen. That has brought the pension crisis to the doorstep of our schools," she said.
Chicago schools were seeking a waiver on pension payments for the 2014 budgetary year, which began July 1. During the spring legislative session, the General Assembly failed to pass legislation permitting the district to make a reduced pension contribution over the next two years, obligating the district to increase the contribution by $400 million.
District officials said even if pension reform is enacted by the legislature, they would not commit to reversing the layoffs.
Chicago Teachers Union President Karen Lewis expressed surprise at the number of layoffs, saying she expected the figure to be closer to 800.
"Once again, CPS has lied to parents, employees and the public, about keeping the new school-based budget cuts away from the classroom," Lewis said in a statement.
On Friday, the Chicago Teachers Union held a press conference where vice president Jesse Sharkey, flanked by irate parents and fired teachers, condemned the layoffs. "I don’t see the point of making school 20-some-percent longer and then laying off all the art, music and physical education teachers that are supposed to fill that day up with education," Sharkey said.
He said the school district and teachers union differed fundamentally on a solution to the pension crisis. He characterized the district as favoring cuts to teachers' benefits and the union as pushing for the city to find more revenue--through TIF funds, a tax on financial transations, or more fundamental income tax reform, including possibly an income tax on suburbanites who work in Chicago.
The district has eliminated $600 million in central office operations and administration in recent years, in addition to $52 million in cuts it made this year, according to Carroll.
"We can't cut our way out of this crisis," she said. "Our spending obligations, pension, salary increases and other costs, continue to rise."
The majority of the teachers laid off are probationary teachers who have worked for CPS for less than three years, said CPS Chief Talent Officer Alicia Winckler
The teachers being laid off were to be notified by their principals on Friday.
Carson Elementary school art teacher Ruth Augspurger said she was sitting in a professional development class Friday when she got her call. She lost the job she's held for the last eight years teaching mostly Latino students on the city's Southwest Side. The mother of two said she came to Chicago to attend the School of the Art Institute, but stayed to teach in the public schools "because I believe every child should have the privilege to have the highest level of education." Augspurger says she doesn't blame her principal for cutting her position. "You can't squeeze water from a rock," she said. But she laments that Carson will no longer have a visual art teacher.
Winckler said all laid-off teachers will be able to reapply for district teaching positions. They can work as substitute teachers, she said. Winckler also noted that in the past, more the 60 percent of district teachers who were laid off were rehired.
Thursday's announcement came as lawyers for the nation's third-largest school district were in a federal courtroom defending Chicago's plan to shutter some 50 schools.
The Chicago Teachers Union and concerned parents who are seeking an injunction to halt the plan before the new school year begins say the closures inordinately harm black and special-needs students, violating their rights.
The hearing stems from several lawsuits filed on behalf of parents. One contends that black children make up about 88 percent of students being moved from closed schools, although they comprise 42 percent of district students.
Critics say talk by city and schools officials of budgetary savings is misleading, leaving the impression that the closures will help address the yawning budget deficit. Pressed during cross-examination on Thursday, which was the hearing's third day, CPS' budget director, Ginger Ostro, conceded that the closures weren't designed to fixCPS' financial mess.
Adam Anderson, a district planning official, testified that what guided the district as it decided what schools would be closed was how much classroom space wasn't being used.
A complex "utilization equation" was employed in the process, and the district found there were some 500,000 available classroom seats for 400,000 students, leaving 100,000 seats unused, Anderson said.
Enrollment has fallen over the years with a corresponding fall in population in African-American areas, which is why so many of the schools that ended up on the closure list were in predominantly black neighborhoods, Anderson said.