WBEZ | News http://www.wbez.org/news Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Aldermen Stall TIF Surplus Plan For CPS http://www.wbez.org/news/aldermen-stall-tif-surplus-plan-cps-114802 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Tif-drama.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr">At City Hall Tuesday, a young alderman pitched a way to help fund Chicago Public Schools. Everyone agrees that the district is in crisis, but his idea would take away some of the funding that has historically given aldermen power. And that plan is raising some ire among several of City Council&rsquo;s older, and more powerful, members.</p><p>Ald. Carlos Ramirez Rosa&rsquo;s (35th) resolution relies on special taxing funds that are normally used for neighborhood development: Anything from a park to the DePaul University basketball team&rsquo;s new facilities at McCormick Place. It&rsquo;s not a binding ordinance, rather a suggestion to the mayor&rsquo;s office that these funds could be better used for CPS.</p><p>Local political experts say that while everyone agrees, in theory, that diverting Tax Increment Financing funds to CPS is a good idea -- Rosa&rsquo;s idea struck a nerve with some of his colleagues.</p><p>Click below to hear about the drama that unfolded at City Hall:</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/246318943&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><em>Lauren Chooljian covers Chicago politics for WBEZ. Follow her<a href="http://twitter.com/laurenchooljian"> @laurenchooljian</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 17:21:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/aldermen-stall-tif-surplus-plan-cps-114802 Chicago Settles Bias Lawsuit Filed by Department of Justice http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-settles-bias-lawsuit-filed-department-justice-114800 <p><p>CHICAGO (AP) &mdash; Chicago&#39;s City Council has approved a $3.1 million settlement of a lawsuit brought by the U.S. Justice Department that alleged the police department&#39;s residency requirements discriminated against foreign-born applicants.</p><p>The agreement approved Wednesday requires Chicago to hire eight immigrants and compensate 47 others who were denied employment because of a rule requiring applicants to have lived in the United States for the previous 10 years.</p><p>The deal had its opponents. Alderman Nick Sposato, a former firefighter, said because it involves policing, the city needs to &quot;know what these people are like.&quot;</p><p>The Justice Department alleged the policy requiring applicants to live in the United States for at least 10 years was discriminatory. In 2011 the city lowered the requirement to five years.</p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 16:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-settles-bias-lawsuit-filed-department-justice-114800 A Fix for Gender-Bias in Animal Research Could Help Humans http://www.wbez.org/news/fix-gender-bias-animal-research-could-help-humans-114799 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/mouse_gender-15l_wide-42e8b5c91d29dbc7986bf3ef2d1fcc270e3cc534-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>There&#39;s been a male tilt to biomedical research for a long time.</p><p>The National Institutes of Health is trying to change that and is looking to bring gender balance all the way down to the earliest stages of research. As a condition of NIH funding, researchers will now have to include female and male animals in their biomedical studies.</p><p>As late as the 1990s, researchers worried that testing drugs in women who could be pregnant or become pregnant might lead to birth defects, so experimental drugs were mainly tested in men. Research in animals followed the same pattern.</p><p>&quot;There was not the understanding that it really isn&#39;t scientifically appropriate to study men and apply your findings to women. We just didn&#39;t know that back then,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://orwh.od.nih.gov/about/staff/clayton.asp">Dr. Janine Clayton</a>, director of the Office of Research on Women&#39;s Health at the NIH.</p><p>When the drugs this way finally went to market and women took them, sometimes things went wrong. To try to fix the problem, the NIH and Congress&nbsp;<a href="http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/women_min/guidelines_amended_10_2001.htm">required</a>&nbsp;that women and men be included in research involving human subjects.&nbsp;<br /><br />Now, there are&nbsp;<a href="http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-16-13">more women</a>&nbsp;than men participating in clinical trials, at least in studies funded by the NIH. But there&#39;s still a mystery: Why do women still&nbsp;<a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043661806002040">report many more</a>bad reactions to medications than men do?</p><p>&quot;Men and women respond to medications differently. In fact,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01286r.pdf">one study</a>&nbsp;looked at the drugs that have been taken off the market and 8 of the 10 drugs taken off the market in that particular time period had more severe effects in women,&quot; says Clayton.</p><p>She thinks&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11770389">the problems</a>&nbsp;that women experience when they take medications could stem from how biomedical research is conducted at the earliest stages &ndash; in animals.</p><p>&quot;Eighty percent of drug studies that are done in mice are done in male mice,&quot; says Clayton.</p><p>Studies in mice are important because the results often inform what will be tested in humans.</p><p>It&#39;s not as if people are ignoring female animals because they&#39;re chauvinists. Some researchers say females have been excluded from studies because their hormone cycles can confound the experiments, though the actual variability that the estrus cycle introduces is&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24456941">debatable</a>.</p><p>And in some cases, research has been skewed the other way. Male animals are sometimes excluded from studies because they fight with each other, which can complicate results, and because the males sometimes have to be caged separately, which can drive up costs in cash-strapped labs.</p><p>In other cases, studies are done on both male and female animals, but the data on each sex don&#39;t get reported separately.</p><p>All in all, Clayton says, researchers are missing indicators early on about how different bodies would respond to medications. &quot;We&#39;re learning late,&quot; she says. &quot;That&#39;s not the best way to do this. We need to study both sexes throughout the entire research spectrum.&quot;</p><p>So, Clayton and her colleagues drew up&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nature.com/news/policy-nih-to-balance-sex-in-cell-and-animal-studies-1.15195#/b1">a policy</a>&nbsp;starting Jan. 25 that applies to NIH-funded biomedical research starting January 25 on out involving animals with spines. &quot;We&#39;re asking scientists to think about sex, to study both male and female animals in their preclinical research so that we can learn more about both male and female biology,&quot; says Clayton.</p><p>When the policy was first announced, people were pumped about it, says&nbsp;<a href="http://scholar.harvard.edu/srichard/home">Sarah Richardson</a>, a professor at Harvard who studies the history and philosophy of science. &quot;People were like &#39;Absolutely, that&#39;s terrible. Why aren&#39;t they studying female mice?&#39; That was my response, too,&quot; she says. &quot;It was seen as just a straightforward obvious corrective that we have to do.&quot;</p><p>But she and other researchers&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pnas.org/content/112/44/13419">maintain</a>&nbsp;that if the goal is to address women&#39;s health inequities, the policy on animal research isn&#39;t likely to be effective by itself. Mice aren&#39;t people. Richardson also says the focus on animals could distract scientists from the big picture: what happens in real living humans.</p><p>&quot;Women on average, in North America at least, take more prescription drugs than men do,&quot; she says. &quot;Women also go to the doctor more. We all know this &mdash; we cannot get the men in our lives to go to the doctor. They are also for whatever reason more likely to be sensitive to and prone to report feelings of discomfort,&quot; she says. &quot;So, what we thought when we reviewed this literature is, OK, if the NIH is really wanting to address this, we need tons more studies of just those kinds of factors,&quot; says Richardson.</p><p>The NIH put $10 million toward&nbsp;<a href="http://orwh.od.nih.gov/about/director/director_stepping_stones_future.asp">helping labs</a>&nbsp;add sex and gender to their projects. But if they want to figure out health differences between men and women, Richardson says, they need to also put money towards understanding what drives differences in human behavior.</p><p>It&#39;s not always simple to account for sex and gender in research projects, says&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nosm.ca/about_us/organization/faculty_affairs/general.aspx?id=1164">Stacey Ritz</a>, an immunologist at McMaster University in Canada who wrote&nbsp;<a href="http://www.fasebj.org/content/early/2013/09/20/fj.13-233395.abstract">a guide</a>&nbsp;on how to do so. &quot;I&#39;ve really struggled with it for many years,&quot; she says.</p><p>She says in most cases it&#39;s pretty straightforward to do a male-female comparison. But there&#39;s a danger in assuming that a difference noticed between male and female animals stems from a difference in their basic biology, rather than because of something else, like how the male animals might have been housed alone while the female animals were housed in groups.</p><p>&quot;That&#39;s one of the things that concern me,&quot; says Ritz. &quot;A lot of times the questions around social dynamics and gender get glossed over and it&#39;s assumed &mdash; especially with animals &mdash; that differences you see between male and female are purely biologically driven,&quot; says Ritz.</p><p>Neurologist&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bri.ucla.edu/people/rhonda-r-voskuhl-md">Rhonda Voskuhl</a>, at UCLA, agrees that mice aren&#39;t going to reveal all the intricacies of why human men and women can have different health outcomes. &quot;There&#39;s no perfect model for the human except for the human,&quot; says Voskuhl.</p><p>But in many cases, she says, animal studies can uncover important findings that can make a difference for people.</p><p>Voskuhl has seen that firsthand. She directs UCLA&#39;s research program on multiple sclerosis. She says for quite a while, researchers didn&#39;t report the sex of animals they studied, though many studied mainly male rats. When they started looking more closely at female animals, they realized the disease progressed differently in them.</p><p>That knowledge has led to findings about how to treat multiple sclerosis in women, including the idea that a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(15)00322-1/abstract">pregnancy hormone</a>&nbsp;could relieve symptoms, an approach that&#39;s in&nbsp;<a href="https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=estriol+AND+%22multiple+sclerosis%22&amp;Search=Search">clinical trials</a>.</p><p>&quot;The point of the story is, you may not think there&#39;s anything there until you study it,&quot; says Voskuhl.</p><p>She says research on animals and humans goes hand in hand. If researchers study and report data for both sexes, that may well dredge up new treatment possibilities in people.</p><p>A similar case came up in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.psych.mcgill.ca/labs/mogillab/paingenetics/lab/">Jeff Mogil</a>&#39;s work studying pain at McGill University in Canada. He says a few decades ago, people primarily studied male animals, which they&#39;d order from a company. The lab he worked in studied both.</p><p>&quot;And because of that I&#39;ve been in a position to see sex differences where other people in my field haven&#39;t simply because they never had female mice lying around,&quot; says Mogil.<br /><br />By studying both sexes, Mogil and his colleagues&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v18/n8/full/nn.4053.html">found that</a>&nbsp;different cells communicate pain in female and male animals. &quot;They experienced pain in the exact same way and to exactly the same degree, but the pain is produced and modulated using different circuits,&quot; Mogil says.</p><p>If the same is true in people, that difference could have big implications for a class of painkillers meant to work by blocking the cells that are more active in men. &quot;The prediction would be those drugs simply won&#39;t work at all in women. It&#39;s not that they&#39;ll work better in women and worse in men. It&#39;s that they won&#39;t work in women period,&quot; he says.</p><p>And, he says, if people running clinical trials on that drug didn&#39;t know that it only worked in men, they might look at the trial data, see that it only worked in half the participants, and just ditch it entirely.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/02/10/464697905/a-fix-for-gender-bias-in-animal-research-could-help-humans?ft=nprml&amp;f=464697905"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 16:33:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/fix-gender-bias-animal-research-could-help-humans-114799 What the N.H. Primary Results Mean for Clinton, Kasich http://www.wbez.org/news/what-nh-primary-results-mean-clinton-kasich-114798 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0210_clinton-kasich-624x429.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Republican Donald Trump and Democrat Bernie Sanders are celebrating victories in the New Hampshire primary.</p><p><a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2016/02/10/nh-primary-clinton-kasich"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em></a> political strategists&nbsp;Angela Rye&nbsp;and&nbsp;Paris Dennard&nbsp;join hosts Robin Young and Jeremy Hobson to analyze the results, including what they mean for the second-place finishers, Hillary Clinton and John Kasich.</p><p>Clinton pulled in 38 percent, compared to Sanders&rsquo; 60 percent, and Kasich won 16 percent, compared to Trump&rsquo;s 35 percent.</p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 16:18:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/what-nh-primary-results-mean-clinton-kasich-114798 Why People Freaked Out When the U.S. Wanted to Change the Font on Highway Signs http://www.wbez.org/news/why-people-freaked-out-when-us-wanted-change-font-highway-signs-114797 <p><div><p>Last week, the US&nbsp;government made a big graphic design decision without much fanfare.</p></div><p>The Federal Highway Administration&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/01/highway-fonts-clearview-gothic/431619/" target="_blank">quietly withdrew</a>&nbsp;its approval of Clearview, the typeface that&rsquo;s been showing up on highway signs around the country over the past decade or so. In its place, the FHWA is bringing back Highway Gothic &mdash; a typeface that went&nbsp;unchanged for 60 years, and one whose legibility problems Clearview was designed to fix.</p><div><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/Highway2.jpg?itok=QNmHGhnv" style="height: 386px; width: 540px;" title="Clearview, on the right, made signs easier to read without increasing in size from their Highway Gothic versions, seen on the left. (Don Meeker)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>To understand why this is such a big deal, you have to go back to the 1950s. As the Eisenhower administration unveiled the interstate highway system, the government needed a standard typeface for its road signs. As graphic designer Don Meeker explained&nbsp;<a href="http://www.studio360.org/story/110141-design-real-world/" target="_blank">in a story</a>&nbsp;about the design of road signs, Highway Gothic was based on a print lettering font, blown up to giant size.</p></div></div><p>&ldquo;The astonishing thing is that [Highway Gothic] has lived for 58 years,&rdquo; Meeker&nbsp;<a href="http://www.studio360.org/story/110141-design-real-world/" target="_blank">told us</a>&nbsp;in 2011. &ldquo;If computers were regulated like highway signs, we&rsquo;d still be living with vacuum tubes.&rdquo;</p><div><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/4330137551_b10a903a59_o.jpg?itok=ImGjjibu" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="When the interstate system expanded in the 1950s, it needed a standard sign typeface. Highway Gothic fit the bill. (Doug Kerr/Flickr)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>By the late 1980s,&nbsp;it was clear that Highway Gothic had problems. It was&nbsp;notorious for an effect&nbsp;known as &ldquo;halation,&rdquo; in which bright reflections turned letters into an illegible white blur at night.</p></div></div><p>As the driving population aged and baby boomers&rsquo; eyesight deteriorated, traffic&nbsp;engineers&nbsp;saw Highway Gothic&rsquo;s halation as a potentially deadly design problem in need of a typographic&nbsp;solution.</p><div><p style="text-align: right;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/Highway1.jpg?itok=Kwpv1rAD" style="height: 150px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Halation can make Highway Gothic signs a blurry mess at night. (Don Meeker)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>Meeker helped bring highway signs back into focus with Clearview. It eased the tight internal spaces of lowercase letters like &ldquo;a&rdquo; and &ldquo;e,&rdquo; which in Highway Gothic tended to trap light and look like &ldquo;o&rdquo;s at night. Clearview aimed to improve legibility,&nbsp;<a href="http://clearviewhwy.com/ResearchAndDesign/_articles/TRB_Paper.pdf" target="_blank">and it did</a>, according to research conducted at&nbsp;Penn State and Texas A&amp;M.</p></div></div><p>Clearview made signs easier to read at highway speeds from farther away, without having to increase the size of the letters or the signs themselves. Starting in 2004, roughly 30 states adopted the font.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/clearview_tests.jpg" style="height: 304px; width: 540px;" title="In the 1990s, researchers from Penn State tested Clearview's legibility against Highway Gothic. (Don Meeker)" /></div><p>So why is the FHWA putting&nbsp;Clearview in the rear view? According to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.citylab.com/commute/2016/01/official-united-states-highway-sign-font-clearview/427068/" target="_blank">CityLab</a>, an FHWA spokesman cited unpublished research that calls Clearview&rsquo;s legibility into question. But Meeker has calls this claim baloney.</p><p>&ldquo;Helen Keller can tell you from the grave that Clearview looks better,&rdquo; Meeker told CityLab. He suspects the about-face is personal. &ldquo;This is a burr in somebody&rsquo;s saddle,&rdquo; he said, adding, &ldquo;They don&rsquo;t understand design.&rdquo;</p><div><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/ClearviewGothic_620.jpg?itok=-IBDlzMQ" style="height: 270px; width: 540px;" title="Highway Gothic, on the left; and Clearview, on the right, in the field. (Don Meeker)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>Still, even if this new policy holds, you&rsquo;ve still got plenty of time to appreciate the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.studio360.org/story/110141-design-real-world/" target="_blank">glories of Clearview</a>&nbsp;&mdash; it will be decades&nbsp;before all the signs bearing the new typeface&nbsp;get replaced. When that day comes, some fancier&nbsp;<a href="http://www.aaroads.com/forum/index.php?topic=1411.0" target="_blank">message boards</a>&nbsp;may start tracking the last remaining examples of this once-promising innovation.</p></div></div><div><div><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="500px" scrolling="no" src="https://surveymonkey.com/r/P2HZ9RB" style="box-sizing: border-box;" width="620px"></iframe></div></div><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.studio360.org/story/reversing-direction-highway-fonts/"><em> via Studio 360</em></a></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 16:01:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/why-people-freaked-out-when-us-wanted-change-font-highway-signs-114797 Tesla Preparing To Charge Into Affordable Car Market http://www.wbez.org/news/tesla-preparing-charge-affordable-car-market-114796 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/tesla_wide-eef662697aaceafda5f95005764fa2d4ca6609b6-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The next Tesla car is expected to be revealed and made available for pre-order next month. And while the auto world is still waiting to see specs and drawings, one thing is already known: the price.</p><p>As promised,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-02-09/will-the-tesla-model-3-really-sell-for-25-000">Elon Musk tells Bloomberg</a>, the Model 3 will cost $35,000 &mdash; before any incentives.</p><p>Tax credits for purchasing electric vehicles could push the sticker price below the average cost of a new car in America ... maybe. The Model 3 won&#39;t go into production until 2017, and if it&#39;s delayed, the incentives that lower the price might not be available.</p><p>From the beginning, Tesla Motors has had its eye on the average American consumer &mdash; not the super-rich car collector or the early adopter electric enthusiast, but your mainstream buyer who wants a car they can afford.</p><p>It might not have looked that way &mdash; the carmaker&#39;s first model was the luxury Roadster, with a six-figure price tag. The second car, the Model S sedan, has a base price of around $70,000.</p><p>But in 2012, when the Model 3 was just a twinkle in Musk&#39;s eye, NPR&#39;s Sonari Glinton<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2012/09/25/161700525/teslas-big-gamble-can-the-electric-car-go-mainstream/">wrote about Tesla&#39;s dreams for the future</a>.</p><p>&quot;We did, I think, receive some unfair criticism because we had the Tesla Roadster, and people would say, &#39;Well, why are you making this expensive sports car?&#39; As though we somehow felt that there was a shortage of sports cars for rich people or something,&quot; Musk said then.</p><p>&quot;I would try to take pains to say, look, our goal from the beginning has been to drive forward the electric car revolution, and we needed time to refine the technology &mdash; get to version two, get to version three. And really, with version three &mdash; the $30,000 car &mdash; that&#39;s where it becomes mass market.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Version three&quot; has been a long time coming, though. Tesla&#39;s latest release was the Model X &mdash; an SUV that was&nbsp;more&nbsp;expensive than the Model S, not less. (The first Model X cars manufactured were packed with bells and whistles that pushed the price higher still &mdash; the Signature line, the only one available to early buyers,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/30/444721375/tesla-unveils-its-model-x-complete-with-a-bioweapon-defense-button">cost $130,000 and up</a>).</p><p>The Model X was delayed for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.latimes.com/business/autos/la-fi-hy-tesla-modelx-launch-questions-20150930-story.html">nearly two years</a>, and since it was launched last fall, only<a href="http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/01/14/how-many-model-x-units-could-tesla-motors-inc-ship.aspx">a small fraction</a>&nbsp;of the pre-ordered vehicles have been delivered.</p><p>But this March, Tesla is set to reveal its long-promised mass-market vehicle. Musk has<a href="https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/639172302530215936?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">said since 2015</a>&nbsp;that the price would be $35,000, Jalopnik notes.</p><p>The average cost of a new car in America is $31,000,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-02-09/will-the-tesla-model-3-really-sell-for-25-000">Bloomberg reports</a>. With the nationally available $7,500 electric car tax incentive, Tesla&#39;s Model 3 would be cheaper than average.</p><p>Some states offer additional incentives. In Colorado, where the extra tax incentive is as high as $6,000, depending on the battery size, the price of a new Tesla could conceivably be $21,500 &mdash; cheaper than a new&nbsp;<a href="http://www.toyota.com/camry/">Toyota Camry</a>&nbsp;or&nbsp;<a href="http://automobiles.honda.com/accord-sedan/price.aspx">Honda Accord</a>.</p><p>But that&#39;s only true if Tesla gets the car to market on schedule,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-02-09/will-the-tesla-model-3-really-sell-for-25-000">Bloomberg notes</a>.</p><p>The Model 3 is set to go into production in 2017. The incentives &mdash; which are tied to the number of electric cars sold by a carmaker and then phase out over time &mdash; might start to fade out in 2018.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/10/466267066/tesla-preparing-to-charge-into-affordable-car-market?ft=nprml&amp;f=466267066"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 15:47:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/tesla-preparing-charge-affordable-car-market-114796 Fallout From Grand Jury Decision Energizes Abortion Rights Opponents http://www.wbez.org/news/fallout-grand-jury-decision-energizes-abortion-rights-opponents-114795 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-508396706_custom-8a7e2350ceb67d3f501d1e4b275e152da0e3373f-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The day David Daleiden turned himself in at the Harris County courthouse, the throng of media there was a good indication of just how much this indictment means to both sides of the abortion debate.</p><p>Daleiden&#39;s attorney Jared Woodfill took full opportunity to express his indignation.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s outrageous that it&#39;s David that has to come and present himself to the court when it&#39;s Planned Parenthood who should be on trial today,&quot; Woodfill said. &quot;The reality is David is a modern-day hero. He has exposed the wrongdoing that&#39;s been occurring in abortion clinics all across this country.&quot;</p><p>Daleiden faces charges that he tampered with a government record and attempted to purchase human organs. Houston prosecutors have offered him a deal for probation, which would expunge the charges if he stays out of trouble. But that was no sale for Daleiden&#39;s team of lawyers, including Terry Yates.</p><p>&quot;The only thing we&#39;re going to accept right now is an apology,&quot; Yates says. Yates feels confident the judge will drop the charges before trial.</p><p>&quot;All hat, no cattle &mdash; that&#39;s what we believe these indictments are. There&#39;s not much to &#39;em,&quot; he says, &quot;and we believe after the court entertains our motions, hears the facts in this case, these indictments will be quashed.&quot;</p><p>Daleiden&#39;s lawyers will argue that although their client admits to using a fake California driver&#39;s license, it&#39;s not a crime because he did so in the cause of investigative journalism. They&#39;ll argue the same First Amendment protection applies to the charges connected to Daleiden&#39;s email offer to buy fetal tissue from Planned Parenthood. But University of Texas law professor David Anderson says the courts have ruled on this defense.</p><p>The Houston grand jury&#39;s decisions have, for the moment, stopped the anti-abortion movement&#39;s political momentum against Planned Parenthood in its tracks. When they debuted, Daleiden&#39;s videos empowered Republican officeholders around the country to call for criminal investigations. That also happened in Texas when Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton asked fellow Republican District Attorney Devon Anderson to open a criminal investigation into Planned Parenthood in Houston. The clinic had been featured in Daleiden&#39;s videos.&quot;The Supreme Court and the lower courts have been perfectly clear that what the First Amendment protects is publication or disclosure of information. The First Amendment does not protect crimes committed in the course of newsgathering. Period,&quot; Anderson says.</p><p>&quot;It became crystal clear that we needed to get to the table with the prosecutors and the law enforcement agents before anybody else beat us there,&quot; says Josh Schaffer, Planned Parenthood&#39;s defense lawyer in Houston. Instead of acting like the DA&#39;s office was the enemy, Schaffer threw open Planned Parenthood&#39;s doors and file cabinets to the police and Texas Rangers. And he urged them to acquire all the video that the young activist had shot and compare it to the final product.</p><p>&quot;Well, they showed Mr. Daleiden attempting to bait the employee during the course of their meeting into being willing to do things that the law does not permit and that Planned Parenthood does not do,&quot; Schaffer says. &quot;At the time he appeared green, naïve, about research protocol and regulations, but we know now that he was trying to scam them.&quot;</p><p>Republican Devon Anderson has become the anti-abortion community&#39;s Benedict Arnold. They accuse her of betraying her own anti-abortion convictions because of campaign contributions from abortion rights supporters.</p><p>&quot;I think that she has shown that her biases have prevented her from being able to execute her duties in a proper way, and that&#39;s why we&#39;re calling for her resignation,&quot; says Cheryl Sullenger, senior vice president at Operation Rescue.</p><p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1223578084336230&amp;id=749422628418447">In her own defense</a>, Anderson says the surprise indictments are nothing more than the grand jury following the trail of evidence uncovered by law enforcement. But for abortion opponents, the allegation that Planned Parenthood is selling fetal tissue for profit is indisputable fact. They&#39;re calling for Texas to appoint a special prosecutor and for a new investigation to proceed. Those cries are falling on sympathetic ears. Texas&#39; governor, lieutenant governor and attorney general have all stated that the Houston grand jury&#39;s decisions will have no impact on the state&#39;s three ongoing investigations of Planned Parenthood.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/465998302/fallout-from-grand-jury-decision-energizes-abortion-rights-opponents?ft=nprml&amp;f=465998302"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 15:17:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/fallout-grand-jury-decision-energizes-abortion-rights-opponents-114795 Twitter Tries a New Kind of Timeline By Predicting What May Interest You http://www.wbez.org/news/twitter-tries-new-kind-timeline-predicting-what-may-interest-you-114793 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-509341078-2938fb3d8a0e2ab5301211f8b608b404a36a44a9-s600-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res466289937" previewtitle="Twitter has a new timeline feature."><div data-crop-type="">It was a rumor that had many Twitter old-timers up in arms: Twitter is changing its signature structure of real-time posts in reverse chronological order.</div></div><p>It&#39;s true. The company now says&nbsp;<a href="https://blog.twitter.com/2016/never-miss-important-tweets-from-people-you-follow" target="_blank">it&#39;s got a new algorithm</a>&nbsp;to predict which tweets you might not want to miss. Those selected tweets, minutes or hours old, will display at the top when you log in after an absence. The rest of the tweets below will remain in real-time and reverse chronology.</p><p>Twitter hopes this will help people feel less overwhelmed by the endless stream of posts and keep them coming back. It says people in testing were more likely to retweet and post tweets, &quot;creating more live commentary and conversations.&quot;</p><p>But the big question is whether it will be enough to attract new subscribers and advertising money, while also not alienating its legacy users.</p><p>Much like other companies that have gone through changes, Twitter is being accused of losing its unique identity. In this case, that means comparisons to Facebook, particularly coming after Twitter&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/03/454368845/why-no-love-for-twitters-hearts" target="_blank">swapped its stars and &quot;Favorites&quot; feature</a>&nbsp;for a Facebook-style &quot;Like&quot; feature with a heart image. When BuzzFeed<a href="http://www.buzzfeed.com/alexkantrowitz/twitter-to-introduce-algorithmic-timeline-as-soon-as-next-we#.vyyGKn7z3k" target="_blank">reported the potential timeline revamp</a>&nbsp;last week, critics rallied under the hashtag #RIPTwitter.</p><div id="res466284563"><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">If true, I don&#39;t understand why you would even want to turn Twitter into Facebook 2.0. People use Twitter to NOT use Facebook <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/RIPTwitter?src=hash">#RIPTwitter</a></p>&mdash; Richard Sharp (@RichSharpy) <a href="https://twitter.com/RichSharpy/status/696278015106486272">February 7, 2016</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p></div><div><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Dear <a href="https://twitter.com/twitter">@twitter</a> - I like hearing what the little unpopular people have to say. Not just the ones with thousands of followers. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/RIPTwitter?src=hash">#RIPTwitter</a></p>&mdash; Jason Sheldon (@Junction10) <a href="https://twitter.com/Junction10/status/696284117252644868">February 7, 2016</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p></div><p>And so for now, the new feature&nbsp;<a href="https://support.twitter.com/articles/164083" target="_blank">can be turned off</a>&nbsp;in account settings and is only an element of the old timeline. But its future is unclear and Twitter&#39;s earnings report today may offer new context. Slate senior technology writer Will Oremus<a href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2016/02/10/twitter_s_algorithmic_timeline_show_me_the_best_tweets_first.html" target="_blank">argues it might actually be not enough</a>&nbsp;to rejuvenate the company:</p><blockquote><div><p>&quot;[I]t&#39;s actually a quite measured step in a direction that has seemed inevitable for some time now &mdash; a sort of &#39;news briefing&#39; section tacked on top of the timeline, rather than a reordering or reimagining of the timeline itself.</p><p>&quot;If anything, it might prove too cautious a move to persuade investors that the service is back on a path to growth and mainstream adoption.&quot;</p></div></blockquote><p>The timeline and the Likes changes are just a few of Twitter&#39;s efforts at a jump-start. The company, under returned CEO Jack Dorsey, has also reshuffled its executives and introduced a new curated &quot;best of&quot; feature&nbsp;<a href="https://blog.twitter.com/2015/moments-the-best-of-twitter-in-an-instant-0" target="_blank">called Moments</a>.</p><p>The website has also struggled with handling abusive content,&nbsp;<a href="https://blog.twitter.com/2016/announcing-the-twitter-trust-safety-council" target="_blank">prompting the creation</a>&nbsp;of a &quot;Trust &amp; Safety Council&quot; of outside organizations that would help Twitter create a friendlier environment and deal with bullying and harassment. (That has also drawn fire from some existing users, particularly conservatives.)</p><p>And then there&#39;s always the rumor that Twitter&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/01/06/462140929/140-character-twitter-if-you-leave-thanks-for-these-gifts" target="_blank">might do away</a>&nbsp;with its signature 140-character limit. Longer posts may help grow Twitter&#39;s appeal to those less familiar with its quirks, but many existing Twitter fans say they wish that instead of expanding the length of posts, the company would let people edit them.</p><div id="res466290007"><p>&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">people: we want an edit button<br />twitter: a what?<br />people: an ed-<br />twitter: algorithmic timeline. got it! :)<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/RIPTwitter?src=hash">#RIPTwitter</a></p>&mdash; gen (@crstinasyang) <a href="https://twitter.com/crstinasyang/status/695881229179047936">February 6, 2016</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&nbsp;</p></div><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/10/466272904/twitter-tries-a-new-kind-of-timeline-by-predicting-what-may-interest-you?ft=nprml&amp;f=466272904"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/twitter-tries-new-kind-timeline-predicting-what-may-interest-you-114793 Students of Wheaton College Plan a Fast for Solidarity http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-02-10/students-wheaton-college-plan-fast-solidarity-114791 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Wheaton_Flickr_Carl&#039;s Captures.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr">Wheaton College students will embark on a hunger fast after a scheduled reconciliation for professor Larycia Hawkins. The school halted its termination process of the tenured professor and both agreed to part ways.&nbsp;Odette Yousef, WBEZ Northside Bureau Reporter, gives us an update.</p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:07:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-02-10/students-wheaton-college-plan-fast-solidarity-114791 With New Hampshire in Rearview, Candidates Head to South Carolina http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-10/new-hampshire-rearview-candidates-head-south-carolina-114788 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0210_south-carolina-624x401.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>It was a big night for presidential candidates Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, who walked away the winners in the New Hampshire primary.</p><p>Sanders led Hillary Clinton by more than 20 points in what many considered a must-win for the Vermont senator. On the Republican side, Ohio Governor John Kasich came in second, followed by Iowa&rsquo;s winner Ted Cruz and former Florida Governor Jeb Bush.</p><p>Now the candidates turn to South Carolina, where the electorate differs dramatically.&nbsp;Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s Jeremy Hobson speaks with&nbsp;Jamie Self&nbsp;of The State newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, for a primer.</p><hr /><h2>Interview Highlights: Jamie Self</h2><p><strong>Where do the candidates stand in South Carolina?</strong></p><p>&ldquo;On the Democratic side, I think what you see is that Secretary Clinton has a pretty substantial lead here in the most recent polls, which were late January. So we haven&rsquo;t seen any polls yet to kind of see where South Carolina voters stand now, but she was leading by almost 30 points.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>Do you expect that to change considering the outcome of New Hampshire?</strong></p><p>&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t know that Sanders&rsquo; win in New Hampshire is going to have a substantial impact for him here. Clinton&rsquo;s campaign has been in the state for a while, she has an even wider margin of support ahead of Sanders among the African-American community. I think the big thing for folks to remember is New Hampshire is a very different state, demographically, than South Carolina, especially in the Democratic electorate. African-Americans will make up over half of the voters who vote in the primary on February 27th, whereas New Hampshire is about 94 percent white.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>On the Republican candidates</strong></p><p>&ldquo;I think the Republicans are hoping to gain a little bit more traction here, particularly Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio. Those two candidates have positioned themselves as kind of the &lsquo;anti-Trump.&rsquo; They have more support among the establishment here in the state, but they haven&rsquo;t been doing very well, despite having folks in their organizations that have extensive ties to the state and know the political landscape here. They just haven&rsquo;t been performing as well in the polls. Trump is still at the top. Cruz is still doing well, but I think the narrative coming out of New Hampshire, particularly for Jeb Bush, is going to be &lsquo;look at Marco Rubio, he&rsquo;s sliding,&rsquo; and we&rsquo;ll be looking to see if his campaign can capitalize on that here.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>Will George W. Bush campaigning with Jeb Bush have an impact in South Carolina?</strong></p><p>&ldquo;I think, coming in to the campaign, that was the conventional wisdom. I think it&rsquo;s been kind of surprising that he hasn&rsquo;t done as well here and I think it fits into this narrative of what is driving people away from candidates like Bush and Rubio, more establishment candidates, and into the camps of candidates like Trump and Cruz?&rdquo;</p><p><strong>On John Kasich, following New Hampshire</strong></p><p>&ldquo;John Kasich hasn&rsquo;t had a very extensive campaign here and he has not been holding the events like the other candidates have. He&rsquo;s also more of a moderate, and in South Carolina, where the Republican primary electorate is going to be judging each candidate&rsquo;s conservative credentials, they might look at his position on Medicaid expansion as something that they are not going to want to support.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>How important is the ground game in South Carolina?</strong></p><p>&ldquo;I think it&rsquo;s really important, and I think that South Carolina may not be as small as Iowa or New Hampshire, but voters here also want to meet candidates. They want to feel like they have a relationship with them and you will hear from the Bush campaign for example, and the Clinton campaign that they got an early start here. Clinton has been campaigning in beauty shops and barber shops and going to pastors and speaking at NAACP events.</p><p>On the Republican side, you hear some of the underdog candidates&rsquo; campaigns talk about building a strong network here, getting volunteers engaged and waiting for that moment that they can really call upon that network to push them to the top. But I think that this election cycle has been defying conventional wisdom to some extent because Trump&rsquo;s campaign has been able to draw huge crowds, without evidence of really getting out there and building that grassroots network early on like the other campaigns have.&rdquo;</p></p> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 13:47:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2016-02-10/new-hampshire-rearview-candidates-head-south-carolina-114788