WBEZ | News http://www.wbez.org/news Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Facebook Safety Checks Arrive in Nigeria, But Some Ask if it's Worth Celebrating http://www.wbez.org/news/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating-113978 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/RTR4XCSI.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/RTR4XCSI.jpg?itok=_yTnTDZC" style="border: 0px; vertical-align: bottom; max-width: 100%; height: 349px; color: rgb(51, 51, 60); font-family: 'Source Sans Pro', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, 'Nimbus Sans L', sans-serif; font-size: 18px; line-height: 27px; width: 620px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);" title="Nigerians held vigils for the girls kidnapped by the extremist group Boko Haram on the one year anniversary of their abduction, April 14, 2015. (Afolabi Sotund/Reuters)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>Nigerians caught up in Boko Haram violence in recent weeks have been able to use Facebook to quickly alert their friends and relatives by using the &quot;safety check&quot; feature.</p></div><p>But not every Nigerian is wowed.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;There are bombings taking place in our country every day and somebody thinks the most important thing to do at this time is to chase Facebook for a flag, or a safety check?&quot; wonders Abuja-based author Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani. &quot;I&#39;m less concerned about the insensitivities of Facebook than I am about the insensitivities of Nigerians about the things happening in our midst.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>In the past, Facebook used safety check primarily during natural disasters.&nbsp;</p><p>But that changed on Nov.&nbsp;13, when Facebook switched on the feature after the Paris terrorist attacks. Many Parisians were quick to use the tool. But others around the world asked why safety check hadn&#39;t been activated earlier, for instance during the double suicide bombings in Beirut the day before.&nbsp;</p><p>Facebook took the criticism and activated the feature last week in Nigeria, after Boko Haram violence in the northeastern city of Yola killed at least 32 people.</p><p>Nwaubani applauds that Facebook decision as a small step forward. But she&#39;d prefer Nigerians everywhere take a bigger step, and acknowledge Boko Haram&#39;s victims, even if those victims they don&#39;t live in Nigeria&#39;s most populated cities.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;You don&#39;t get the sense from reading in the Nigerian newspaper that there are bombings taking place in our country every day&quot; she says. &quot;No newspapers publish the names of these people who are killed.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>Nwaubani says Nigerians could learn from the way Parisians are dealing with extremist violence in the French capital.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;At least when ... the Paris thing happened, the president addressed the media, everybody is shocked, we see the faces of people who were killed, we get to know about their lives,&quot; she notes. &quot;But I don&#39;t know the names of people in Yola, I just hear the numbers.&quot;</p><p>Nwaubani admits the Facebook decision might be a show of respect for Nigeria. But she wonders if the social media platform will now activate its safety check with regularity.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Are they going to do it when there&#39;s another one tomorrow and the next day? These are the sorts of victories that some Nigerians and Africans have come to enjoy. You know, you bully the West into doing something and you consider it a victory,&quot; she says. &quot;I understand that when you live in New York and you&#39;re Nigerian, it&#39;s important for you when you go to work the next day that all your collegues know that Facebook respected your country.&quot;</p><p>Instead Nwaubani is calling on Nigeria&#39;s media to give more attention to Boko Haram violence, and its victims.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Tell us who these people were. Tell us what their lives were like. &nbsp;Let us know that they were human beings,&quot; she says. &quot;Something as little as that could make all the difference.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-27/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 18:12:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating-113978 A 'March For Justice' On Chicago's Magnificent Mile http://www.wbez.org/news/march-justice-chicagos-magnificent-mile-113976 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/IMG_1112.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>In Chicago today, <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965" target="_blank">protesters walked in a &quot;march for justice,&quot;</a> following the first-degree murder charges against police officer Jason Van Dyke in the fatal shooting of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald. NPR&#39;s Ari Shapiro speaks with Shari Runner, interim president and CEO of the Chicago Urban League.</p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 17:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/march-justice-chicagos-magnificent-mile-113976 Syria is at the Center of a Booming Trade of a Little Pill That's Cheap, Easy to Produce, and Completely Illegal http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-27/syria-center-booming-trade-little-pill-thats-cheap-easy-produce-and <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/drugs_feature.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/drugs_feature.jpg?itok=Bo96LgFH" style="border: 0px; vertical-align: bottom; max-width: 100%; height: 349px; color: rgb(51, 51, 60); font-family: 'Source Sans Pro', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, 'Nimbus Sans L', sans-serif; font-size: 18px; line-height: 27px; width: 620px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);" title="Captagon pills are displayed along with a cup of cocaine at an office of the Lebanese Internal Security Forces (ISF), Anti-Narcotics Division in Beirut on June 11, 2010.( Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images) " typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><p>This isn&#39;t a movie plot; this is&nbsp;a real story about a drug that&#39;s little known in the West, but is running wild&nbsp;in the Middle East: captagon.&nbsp;</p><p>Chavela Madlena produced a<a href="http://www.journeyman.tv/69063/short-films/captagon-the-syrian-revolutions-drug-epidemic.html" target="_blank">&nbsp;documentary about captagon</a>&nbsp;that&nbsp;aired on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bbc.com/arabic" target="_blank">BBC Arabic</a>. She&nbsp;wrote about it for&nbsp;<a href="http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/11/19/syria-isis-captagon-lebanon-assad/" target="_blank">ForeignPolicy.com</a>:</p><blockquote><p><em>&quot;Captagon is an illegal version of a drug invented by the German pharmaceutical giant&nbsp;AG Degussa in the 1960s.&nbsp;It was originally supposed to treat everything from attention deficit disorder to being a popular dieting aid.&quot; But all that changed in the mid-1980s. &quot;That&#39;s&nbsp;when the World Health Organization and the FDA concluded it was more addictive and harmful than good. It was just eventually one of those amphetamines that kind of just fell away.&quot;</em></p></blockquote><p>Now an illegal version of it is in high demand across Syria, fueled by the country&#39;s civil war.&nbsp;Madlena and her documentary team visited an illegal pill factory in Beirut.&nbsp;The people running the Beirut drug factory would only let their cameraman in.</p><p>&quot;What he described was one of those kind of garage/storage units.&quot; The workers were all men, under 30, with tattoos.&nbsp;There were boxes of precursor chemicals, like quinine, caffeine and liquid&nbsp;and powder forms of different chemicals.&nbsp;&quot;They call it captagon, but it&#39;s not actually the old form of captagon that was made by pharmacuetical companies.&nbsp;It&#39;s a combination of&nbsp;things,&quot; she says. &quot;The workers said everybody has their own special recipe, their own special flavors they put in. Just like sheesha or water pipes.&quot;</p><p>The effect of captagon is like taking speed.&nbsp;&quot;I&#39;ve seen everything from it being reported as keeping people calm to making them crazed. It&#39;s an amphetamine,&quot; says Madlena. &quot;It keeps you awake and then when you stay awake for a long period of time, you are massively susceptible to sleep deprivation psychosis and all the concommitant medical issues that come along with not sleeping and being on a powerful stimulant and psychotropic drug.&quot;</p><p>Before the Syrian war, the demand for captagon was mostly in Saudi Arabia. An&nbsp;addiction counselor in Kuwait told her why:&nbsp;Because alcohol is such a taboo and heroin is such a taboo &mdash; and they&#39;re both not really condusive to being functional.</p><p>Amphetamines are much cheaper and easier to integrate into your daily life. And there&#39;s less stigma around something that was once a prescription pill.&nbsp;Saudi housewives use it to lose weight. Saudi students use it to study.&nbsp;Truck drivers use it to stay awake. A huge market is people in the military.&nbsp;Madlena&nbsp;interviewed a former addict in Kuwait who had been a soldier.</p><p>&quot;He took captagon, which ended up for him being a gateway drug into other things. He said it was rife in his community, which is a lower&nbsp;socio-economic [class], less educated.&nbsp;Lots of guys working in the army or in law enforcement.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>Since 2011, demand for captagon has grown in Syria and there&#39;s evidence that the Paris attackers were high on captagon. If it&#39;s proved to be true, it won&#39;t&nbsp;surprise Madlena. &quot;From speaking with former Syrian fighters, this pill is rife on the battlefield there. It&#39;s also in areas where we know that former criminal syndicates had factories and supply lines, smuggling pills out before the war and and now those areas are controlled by ISIS.&nbsp;It&#39;s cheap and readily available. It doesn&#39;t surprise me.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-26/syria-center-booming-trade-little-pill-thats-cheap-easy-produce-and-completely" target="_blank"><em>PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 15:02:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-11-27/syria-center-booming-trade-little-pill-thats-cheap-easy-produce-and A Rational Conversation: How Do You Convince Kids To Listen To Vinyl? http://www.wbez.org/news/rational-conversation-how-do-you-convince-kids-listen-vinyl-113973 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/turntable-kids_wide-c325b595ae2e77ea86ef64b9299a8d203a91a84f-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457370676" previewtitle="Turntable kids"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Turntable kids" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/25/turntable-kids_wide-c325b595ae2e77ea86ef64b9299a8d203a91a84f-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 348px; width: 620px;" title="(Illustration by Jess Rotter/Courtesy of the label)" /></div><div><div>&nbsp;</div></div></div><p><em>&quot;A Rational Conversation&quot; is a column by writer Eric Ducker in which he gets on the phone or instant messenger or whatever with a special guest to examine a music-related subject that&#39;s entered the pop culture consciousness.</em></p><div id="res457280179" previewtitle="The This Record Belongs To package, with a kids' turntable."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="The This Record Belongs To package, with a kids' turntable." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/24/img_1927-e088a2602a2c4d545e92d018e6882926bf3ae196-s300-c85.jpg" style="height: 231px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="The This Record Belongs To package, with a kids' turntable. (Light in the Attic)" /></div><div data-crop-type=""><em>Earlier this month, Light in the Attic released&nbsp;</em><a href="http://lightintheattic.net/releases/1822-this-record-belongs-to__________" target="_blank">This Record Belongs To______</a>,<em> a compilation featuring Harry Nilsson, the Pointer Sisters, </em><em>Donovan</em><em> and others. It was inspired by a mix DJ that music supervisor&nbsp;<a href="https://soundcloud.com/turquoisewisdom" target="_blank">Zach Cowie</a>&nbsp;often gave his friends when they had children. Though available in all formats, the vinyl edition of&nbsp;This Record Belongs To_____&nbsp;comes with a storybook from illustrator&nbsp;<a href="http://www.jessrotter.com/" target="_blank">Jess Rotter</a>. The label also partnered with&nbsp;<a href="http://thirdmanrecords.com/" target="_blank">Third Man Records</a>&nbsp;to create a special mini turntable.</em></div></div><p><em>Many independent labels are engaged in a hearts and minds approach to getting young listeners to embrace it amidst the well-publicized vinyl resurgence. It&#39;s a murky task for record companies &mdash; figuring out what they can do to tap into the purchasing power of a generation unaccustomed to paying for music, especially in physical formats.</em></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/IV4UOVc9dLA" width="420"></iframe></p><p><em>In anticipation of&nbsp;<a href="http://www.recordstoreday.com/SpecialReleases" target="_blank">Record Store Day&#39;s Black Friday</a>&nbsp;event, Ducker spoke with representatives from three labels about how their companies steer listeners to vinyl.&nbsp;<a href="http://lightintheattic.net/" target="_blank">Light in the Attic</a>&nbsp;is reissue-focused and best known for making&nbsp;<a href="http://sugarman.org/" target="_blank">Rodriguez</a>&#39;s music more accessible.&nbsp;<a href="https://www.subpop.com/" target="_blank">Sub Pop</a>&nbsp;helped lead both the grunge explosion of the 1990s and the mainstreaming of indie rock.<a href="http://www.kompakt.fm/" target="_blank">Kompakt</a>&nbsp;is the long-running Cologne, Germany dance music outfit that&#39;s been essential in the global house and techno communities. Each has a long history of embracing the </em><em>format,</em><em> and a distinct, well-informed perspective on how to help the next generation embrace turntables.</em></p><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>MATT SULLIVAN, CO-OWNER &amp; FOUNDER AT LIGHT IN THE ATTIC</strong></span></p><p><strong>In developing the&nbsp;<em>This Record Belongs&nbsp;To______</em>&nbsp;project,&nbsp;why was it essential that vinyl </strong><strong>be</strong><strong> a central part of it?</strong></p><p>I feel it&#39;s the best way to listen to music. It&#39;s where you&#39;re focused. It&#39;s where it&#39;s about the music and not background music. It just takes it so much deeper, regardless if it&#39;s techno music or pop music or folk music. For me, there&#39;s something about the vinyl experience that&#39;s by far the most rewarding experience in terms of format. I don&#39;t think anything comes close. I like CDs and I like digital music, but it just doesn&#39;t have the longevity or timeless that vinyl does.</p><p><strong>What do you make of young listeners, who don&#39;t have the nostalgia for their parents&#39; or older siblings&#39; record collections, getting into buying music on vinyl?</strong></p><p>It is a response to the internet. The internet can feel very soulless, especially when dealing with music. There are kids who are online, in their teens and twenties, they are intrigued by something that has a little bit more life to it and longevity and isn&#39;t perfect. There&#39;s something really nice about that, it&#39;s warm and it&#39;s natural. That would be my guess. Often people will send us ideas to reissue something and usually it starts with &quot;Here&#39;s an mp3 ...&quot; Or it&#39;s a Dropbox link or a YouTube link. A number of times I&#39;ll click it and I&#39;ll listen to it and I&#39;m usually listening to it on headphones while I&#39;m working. There have been occasions where I&#39;ll write back, &quot;It was okay, but I don&#39;t think it&#39;s really great for us,&quot; then maybe a year later or five years later or a day later, I&#39;m in a record store and I see a copy, and if it&#39;s reasonably priced, I might just buy the record. Then I bring it home and start listening to it on vinyl, and it&#39;s just a different thing. I know how ridiculous that sounds. I want to put the record on and I want to be transfixed. It&#39;s like walls go up and you&#39;re really listening to this thing and it sucks you in. It&#39;s such a beautiful thing to me.</p><p><strong>As someone who runs a record label and makes a living off this, how do you cultivate in a new generation of young music consumers the desire to buy music on vinyl so they can hopefully have similar experiences?</strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/HLdWNugp9ao" width="560"></iframe></p><p>A lot of it is giving context to it. We really try hard to reissue things that to our ears are timeless. Maybe it&#39;s a record made 10 years ago, maybe it&#39;s a record made 50 years ago, but it&#39;s something that we feel isn&#39;t about some current trend and it&#39;s something that people are going to care about, and it&#39;s going to hold up in 10 years, 20 years, 50 years, or 100 hundreds. That to me is important.</p><p><strong>Why should someone care about&nbsp;<a href="http://lightintheattic.net/artists/413-donnie-joe-emerson">Donnie &amp; Joe Emerson</a>&nbsp;or&nbsp;<a href="http://www.rodriguez-music.com/">Rodriguez</a>&nbsp;or&nbsp;<a href="http://lightintheattic.net/artists/480-big-boys">Big Boys</a>&nbsp;in 2015?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s explaining that the Big Boys were one of the first skate-punk bands, or that Donnie is an incredible songwriter and vocalist and the record is such a genuine piece of music regardless of what genre of music you like. That stuff is really hard. Sometimes the general public doesn&#39;t get it, and other times they do. Sometimes we&#39;re really surprised that people got it even better than we thought. Day to day, it&#39;s not about reaching the collector. We feel these records or music files or whatever it is, have significance now, so people should give it a chance, listen to it.</p><p><strong>What percentage of your sales is vinyl?</strong></p><p>It depends on the release. If we have something like Rodriguez or&nbsp;<a href="http://theblackangels.com/">Black Angels</a>, it&#39;s a little different, because those projects might have more CDs or might have more digital. As a whole, I would say for sales of this year, vinyl&#39;s got to be 60 to 70 percent. We also distribute over 50 other record labels, primarily reissue labels, and that stuff is primarily all vinyl. I wouldn&#39;t be surprised if our non-Light in the Attic distributing catalog sales are 90 percent vinyl.</p><p><strong>Are those numbers still going up right now?</strong></p><p>Sadly the vinyl market it totally oversaturated, and primarily with crap. You got all these major labels printing dollar records and they&#39;re $23.99 in the stores. And they have no extra stuff; there&#39;s no bonus tracks, there&#39;s not even nice gatefold jackets, there&#39;s no liner notes, there&#39;s no involving the artist. It&#39;s just a quick buck off of what they see as a fad. I mean, I love Billy Joel, but I can go buy a Billy Joel record for a dollar, two dollars, three dollars used that&#39;s nicer than the reissue. Unfortunately, that&#39;s making it really difficult for people like us. Eventually things will shift back to maybe what they were years ago is my guess.</p><p><strong>How does that trend affect you?</strong></p><p>Say&nbsp;<a href="http://www.amoeba.com/">Amoeba</a>, or any independent record store, only has so much money to buy product, only has so much stock they can have on hand, and they only have so much space. The sad exploitation of Record Store Day, of people just throwing out crap, is another unfortunate piece of the puzzle. It&#39;s becoming a very oversaturated market. It&#39;s really a shame. The worst part is that it&#39;s made the production of vinyl a nightmare. We used to be able to get a record out quick. We&#39;ve had records in the last year where a reprint has taken nine months. It&#39;s insane. You work so hard to get this out there and build up interest on it, and then they sell out and you go for a reprint, but by the time you get those records, can you even sell them? And that&#39;s all because the plants are printing these one-dollar records. There are plants starting up now who don&#39;t even want to take accounts from major labels, because they don&#39;t want to deal with it. We work with a lot of major labels and license stuff, and they&#39;re trying to make a living too, but it&#39;s quickly suffocating the entire system.</p><p>In 2015 it&#39;s hard being an artist, it&#39;s hard being a record label, it&#39;s hard being a record store, it&#39;s hard being a music writer. People just devalue music so much, it&#39;s kind of amazing that vinyl is one of the last formats where at least most people care.</p><p><strong>So what do you do when this trend dies out and things re-equalize?</strong></p><p>We&#39;ll be fine. In 2002 when I started the label, I co-released with&nbsp;<a href="http://munster-records.com/en/label/vampisoul">Vampi Soul</a>&nbsp;a reissue of the Last Poets&#39; second album. We probably printed a thousand or two thousand. We&#39;ll survive. We are also widening our reach. We do a lot of film and TV licensing, working with outside composers on creating music for ads for TV and film stuff. There are other revenue streams out there, we just have to get more creative in finding them.</p><p><strong>Would you suggest that other labels not put too much stock in their vinyl sales?</strong></p><p>Yeah. You&#39;ve got to take it as it comes. I would say eight months, definitely 12 months ago, it didn&#39;t feel like the market was so oversaturated. So who knows where it&#39;s going to be in a year.</p><p><strong>Do you feel like consumers are frustrated?</strong></p><p>I mean, I&#39;m a consumer, I&#39;m frustrated.</p><p>This is a huge problem that people are spending million of dollars trying to figure out. What is your company doing to try to make that emotional switch and get people to see a monetary value in music?</p><div id="res457280264" previewtitle="Beach House's Depression Cherry on vinyl."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Beach House's Depression Cherry on vinyl." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/24/beach-vinyl-3a1b3a47b7946a6e9f8e995b19107913684665cd-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 464px; width: 620px;" title="Beach House's Depression Cherry on vinyl. (Sub Pop)" /></div><div><div><p>It might sound naive or cliché, but it&#39;s not releasing a hundred records a year and hoping that one hits. It&#39;s spending more time on things and putting quality into the world. If someone&#39;s 12, 13, 14, 20, whatever, 50, 70 years old, that person may not know who&nbsp;<a href="http://lightintheattic.net/artists/691-lewis">Lewis</a>&nbsp;is, or what&nbsp;<a href="http://lightintheattic.net/releases/1892-cubist-blues">Cubist Blues</a>&nbsp;is, or Alan Vega, or Alex Chilton. It&#39;s our job and responsibility to educate people about who these artists are, why they&#39;re important, why anyone should care. It&#39;s getting creative with it and trying not to preach to people and scream at people. It&#39;s a constant struggle for anyone these days trying to do something creative and with some backbone.</p></div></div></div><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>CHRIS JACOBS, GENERAL MANAGER AT SUB POP</strong></span></p><p><strong>How does Sub Pop develop its approach to the vinyl market?</strong></p><p>We try to be responsive or attentive to how things are selling and not make silly decisions so we&#39;re not sitting on a ton of vinyl, or of any format. But in terms of market analysis, we don&#39;t really do that. Our commitment or continued long-term participation to putting out vinyl records is largely based on our own emotional connection. Many of us who have been here for a while came of age listening to records even before the resurgence of vinyl that has happened over the course of the past five or six years. I talk to a lot of people I work with about this, but vinyl is freighted with this memory of the way you would listen to music. It&#39;s less about what people talk about with the warmth or audio qualities of vinyl. It&#39;s just about attention. If you can only fit 22 minutes of music of a side of vinyl, you&#39;re doing little else during that time, and that&#39;s kind of nice. So it&#39;s definitely an emotional connection.</p><p><strong>You talked about the people who work with you that grew up listening to vinyl, but what about your interns or the younger people you hire? Are you doing anything to actively cultivate an interest in vinyl for people like them?</strong></p><p>We definitely have an interest in encouraging that and paying attention to what is happening with younger people now. We spend some time talking to those folks about how they&#39;re participating or listening to music, and it&#39;s super encouraging that kids who are in our office are getting together and listening to records together.</p><p><strong>Where does their emotional connection come from? Is it just because they&#39;ve heard enough through the years people our age and older fetishizing vinyl?</strong></p><p>Some of it might be that, a signed nostalgia. But the talks that I&#39;ve had with those kids, it&#39;s kind of what you&#39;d expected. They&#39;re stoked about having a big, palpable, demonstrable connection to the bands that they really give a s*** about. They&#39;re listening to music primarily through all the means that you would expect &mdash; streaming music, YouTube, or whatever &mdash; but the stuff they buy on vinyl, they have a bigger fan connection to. It&#39;s the same way that you keep books around that you&#39;ve read. It&#39;s less because you might read it again, and more because it&#39;s a demonstration of who you are. And I think kids are doing that with our records as well.</p><p>It&#39;s an affirmation to themselves and to others of what they care about.</p><p>Yeah.</p><p>When I was growing up, mainly buying music in the 1990s, it was more about how many CDs you owned &mdash; especially to show that I really cared about a certain artist. So it&#39;s interesting that now to show you really care about music, you carefully select which vinyl albums to represent it.</p><p>Yeah, you used to show you&#39;re so invested in music that you&#39;re willing to make moving a really terrible inconvenience. That&#39;s how much I love music, it&#39;s going to be awful every time I move.</p><p><strong>Do you think younger listeners still think about their devotion in terms of quantity?</strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/JODshFyKHuA" width="560"></iframe></p><p>My sense is that it doesn&#39;t seem to be that way. The notion of having an exhaustive music collection on CD or vinyl, I&#39;m not getting that hint off of those kids. Because [digital] is so convenient. You can pretty much listen to anything you want from the history of recorded music, so the necessity to have everything at a room in your house or apartment isn&#39;t there. I get the sense that&#39;s less important than to be like, &quot;I have&nbsp;this&nbsp;version of the Father John Misty album.&quot; It seems like it&#39;s more analogous to T-shirts, or whatever.</p><p><strong>With Sub Pop&#39;s take on selling vinyl, is it like, &quot;Well, I guess this is selling, so I guess we&#39;re going to make more of it,&quot; or are you doing anything to push people in the direction of vinyl?</strong></p><p>Sure. If there are enough people who are interested in buying some elaborate vinyl version of the record, like the Beach House record we did with&nbsp;<a href="https://www.subpop.com/news/2015/08/28/beach_house_depression_cherry_releases_today">the red velvet sleeve</a>, and we do enough of those, it allows us certain indulgences. It appeals to our aesthetics, which I think are pretty common. You play to the strengths of the format, and what people like about it is its physicality and its bigness and it&#39;s realness. It&#39;s an opportunity to do more with those attributes.</p><p><strong>When you do something like a Beach House velvet sleeve, do you get a sense that it&#39;s Beach House fans who are buying it, or is it vinyl collectors who are on the lookout for anything rare or different?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s a mix. There are definitely vinyl collectors in there. We do this thing called the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.subpop.com/news/2012/06/05/sub_pop_loser_edition_faq">Loser Edition</a>&nbsp;&mdash; which is the first pressing that is available through our online store, the record stores we sell directly to, and through the band &mdash; that is a different color. Our intent with that is that it&#39;s all sold out on release day. We&#39;re playing to people&#39;s interest in those short runs and trying to encourage that participation. When I was in college before I ever got a job at Sub Pop, I was a subscriber to the Sub Pop Singles Club and one of the cool things about that was these limited runs of colored vinyl singles. Some of it is feeding this collector mentality, or this minor OCD that goes along with any form of collecting. Some of it is just because that was super cool to us when we were first buying records.</p><p><strong>Are you doing vinyl for every Sub Pop release these days?</strong></p><p>Now we do. Ten years ago we&#39;d have to have a conversation about every record and figure out if it was going to be viable on vinyl, which is such a bulls*** tea leaf reading kind of process. That was when LPs were less expensive to buy in a record store than CDs, even though they were more expensive to make. It took a little while for us to get to the point where we were like, &quot;Oh wait, we should probably make sure we&#39;re not losing money on these records now that sales are picking up.&quot;</p><p><strong>Was there one release that turned it around and you realized what the potential was with this format?</strong></p><p>I don&#39;t remember any one particular release. It&#39;s been a gradual shift. The stuff that led was the stuff that you expect, which was selling well in other formats anyway &mdash; the early Shins records and Iron &amp; Wine records. A lot of that stuff was doing well on LP, even back then. It&#39;s crazy now, our pre-order sales on our online store, the vast majority are on vinyl for any release. It used to be that during that pre-release period, we&#39;d sell 30 percent LPs and the rest were CDs. Then it got to be half and half, and now 95 to 98 percent of the pre-release sales are LPs. And that&#39;s across the board, for every release.</p><p><strong>So you don&#39;t do any market analysis, it&#39;s all feeling?</strong></p><p>There&#39;s no reliable, scientific market analysis. It&#39;s more anecdotal. You talk to people at record stores and see where their heads are at. A real good indicator to me about how that stuff is going is a chain like&nbsp;<a href="https://www.newburycomics.com/">Newbury Comics</a>, where we continue to do exclusive color vinyl runs for those guys, because they&#39;ll buy enough to make it viable. Those guys are pretty smart about what they&#39;re willing to go out on a limb for, and they&#39;re continuing to do that.</p><p><strong>Do you think it&#39;s important for people to listen to music on vinyl? Is that something worth cultivating?</strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/2ziexgDAHYg" width="420"></iframe></p><p>I&#39;m hopeful that people will, and not because of any inherent sound quality stuff, but because it&#39;s carving out a space where you&#39;re only paying attention to music. I think that&#39;s important, obviously for self-interested reasons because I work for a record label, but because my relationship with music has been really valuable to me and I hope that people who are interested in it now have that same type of relationship.</p><p><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>JON BERRY, ARTIST/LABEL MANAGER AT KOMPAKT</strong></span></p><p><strong>Over the years Kompakt has maintained a commitment to vinyl, but right now, what percentage of your sales comes from that format?</strong></p><p>Vinyl still remains a primary focus of our day-to-day business. We still feel like it&#39;s a deeply intrinsic part of what we do. Of course the margins have dropped significantly. Vinyl sales account for approximately 20 to 30 percent of our annual sales turnover as a label, and also as a distributor. As a distributor we handle about 80 labels worldwide, and much of that is vinyl distribution.</p><p><strong>Is that number going up or down?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s been stable through the last few years. I&#39;ve been with the company for about 10 years. There was a steady decline happening due to piracy, there were also issues surrounding too much product in the market with a lot of distributors being irresponsible and signing on too many labels. So what we saw was this over-influx of vinyl in the market around 2006, which led to a few distribution bankruptcies, unfortunately. We made it through it, thankfully, and what we saw was a severe drop in sales. People, including ourselves, were used to selling between 2000 and 5000 copies [of a single] &mdash; now we&#39;ll be happy if we do 500.</p><p><strong>Does everything on Kompakt get a vinyl release or are you selective about that?</strong></p><p>I&#39;d say 90 percent of our releases come out on vinyl. We try to put as much as we can out on vinyl. Keep in mind that the foundation of Kompakt was built from a record store and we still have a record store in Cologne. So it&#39;s really important to us that when we have a record, it is released on vinyl. A lot of the artists we work with demand that. It&#39;s just one of those fundamental policies that we have, in a sense. Since plants are running at capacity, there are huge delays happening now with manufacturing vinyl. We have to think three, four or five months ahead at times about releases, and with the spontaneity of dance music, a house or techno producer typically doesn&#39;t want to be waiting four to six weeks for a release to come out. We&#39;ll have records come that we&#39;ll just have to get out there, so they&#39;ll be released digitally.</p><p><strong>You mentioned that Kompakt&#39;s history as an actual record store and the importance to the artists to have the music available through vinyl. Is that a purely emotional decision? Are there situations where you know that financially it might not make sense to put something out on vinyl, but you do it because it&#39;s something you stand for as a label and it becomes almost a philosophical issue?</strong></p><div id="res457373490" previewtitle="Inside the Kompakt Records store in Cologne."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Inside the Kompakt Records store in Cologne." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/25/kompakt-one-b98d3c71a40c6f9fd862190e05a3bef7b6f91834-s300-c85.jpg" style="height: 233px; width: 310px; float: left; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Inside the Kompakt Records store in Cologne. (Kompakt)" /></div><div><div><p>There&#39;s many ways to look at that. Bear in mind that Kompakt&#39;s four owners are all musicians and they all come from making techno and house music. There is this ingrained, fundamental necessity with a lot of producers out there that they need to have their records not just available digitally, but also on vinyl. It&#39;s a real contradiction, because when you look at the market itself, 98% of the DJs that play out there today do not play on vinyl. So what is the reasoning behind this? It&#39;s not a very easy question to answer. But even with the newer producers that are coming up, there is something ingrained in their minds that no matter even if it&#39;s going to be a money loss, that we do need to have it available on that format.</p></div></div></div><p><strong>Do you foresee that ever changing?</strong></p><p>As long as there is demand, we&#39;ll continue to do it. Fortunately, touch wood, it seems that there is a continued demand for the format. There&#39;s many different layers to look at with the demand for dance music vinyl in the market today. You do have labels out there, such as&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/Perlon-27597802331/">Perlon</a>, which have maintained a strict policy of not releasing their music digitally, ever. That means that they sell a lot more vinyl. Their records are anticipated in record shops much more and cherished much more, because they are only available on that format. Coming more from the business side in the company, I say to the guys, &quot;Look, it really doesn&#39;t make any f***ing sense to put this on vinyl.&quot; And they just look at me like blankly, like, &quot;Of course we&#39;re doing it.&quot;</p><p><strong>You mentioned the demand factor, and as you&#39;ve said, the vinyl market has currently stabilized, but there&#39;s always a possibility that another major change will happen and the market could go into a downturn again. Is there anything you guys are doing to try to cultivate in fans the idea that vinyl is the ideal format to listen to dance music?</strong></p><p>There was an interesting fact that came out that MusicWatch reported, that 54 percent of vinyl consumers in America are 35 years old and younger. I live in Berlin and I&#39;m surrounded by a wealth of record shops. The market here is very strong with vinyl, it&#39;s remarkable. Record shops like&nbsp;<a href="https://hardwax.com/%5D">Hard Wax</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://spacehall.de/">Spacehall</a>&nbsp;are just excelling in the format. We share a similar strategy in how we try to drive our fans and our customers to come by the record shops, and that&#39;s by offering exclusive releases.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wolfgang-voigt.com/">Wolfgang Voigt</a>&nbsp;has been quite prolific over the past couple years releasing a lot of records under his&nbsp;<a href="http://www.kompakt.fm/labels/profan">Profan</a>&nbsp;imprint and also his&nbsp;<a href="http://www.kompakt.fm/labels/protest">Protest</a>&nbsp;imprint as vinyl only that we only sell in our record shop and through our mail order or to select record shops that demand it. We focus on projects and releases that you&#39;ll only be able to get through our record shops, which is driving our fans and other newcomers and younger audiences to come buy records from us.</p><p><strong>What are your personal feelings on this? Do you still mainly buy vinyl or are you mainly digital?</strong></p><p>I go up and down with it. I&#39;ve had my fair share of moving and I&#39;ve moved my record collection around a lot. I&#39;ve sworn and kicked and cried at my record collection a number of times, so I&#39;ve reduced my record collection down considerably. I&#39;m much more selective in what I buy on vinyl. There&#39;s this record shop in Berlin, Spacehall, I go there every two weeks, I go through the bins, I pick up a few records still. A lot of the records are records that I won&#39;t be able to buy digitally, because they&#39;re not available that way, or records that I know just belong on vinyl, because of how they were produced.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2015/11/25/457276588/a-rational-conversation-how-do-you-convince-kids-to-listen-to-vinyl?ft=nprml&amp;f=457276588" target="_blank">via NPR</a></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 13:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/rational-conversation-how-do-you-convince-kids-listen-vinyl-113973 After The Cranberries And Pie, Take Time To Talk About Death http://www.wbez.org/news/after-cranberries-and-pie-take-time-talk-about-death-113972 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/hands_wide-410689f134ce94918d92248bd7891ec0f0828073-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457400038" previewtitle="What seemed like a burden can become a gift."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="What seemed like a burden can become a gift." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/25/hands_wide-410689f134ce94918d92248bd7891ec0f0828073-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 348px; width: 620px;" title="What seemed like a burden can become a gift. (iStockphoto)" /></div><div><p>Two years ago my mom fell at home and ended up being admitted to the ICU with four broken ribs and internal injuries. She was lucky. After two weeks in the hospital and a few more in a rehab unit she was back home, using her new blue walker to get around.</p></div></div><p>I think of that each Thanksgiving as I make pies just the way she taught me, grateful that she&#39;s still with us and that she&#39;s told us how she wants to die</p><p>Before she was discharged, Mom signed a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.polst.org/">POLST</a>&nbsp;form, short for a Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment. I&#39;d heard of&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/advancedirectives.html">advance directives</a>, which spell out the kind of medical care a person would want if they become too ill to communicate those wishes. But I&#39;d never heard of POLST.</p><p>In Oregon, where my mother lives, it&#39;s a one-page&nbsp;<a href="http://www.or.polst.org/resources/">piece of pink paper</a>&nbsp;that bluntly asks if you want to have CPR performed if your heart stops and you&#39;re not breathing. Three other check boxes ask how much medical intervention you want: going to the hospital and an intensive care unit; perhaps the hospital but no ICU; or skip the hospital altogether. A third question asks if you want to be fed through a tube. That&#39;s it.</p><p>Because it&#39;s signed by a doctor or other provider, a POLST has teeth. It overrides the legal obligation of an EMT or a hospital to provide CPR and other emergency care that for old and sick people can lead to a long, miserable hospital stay.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s not for healthy people,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/education/continuing-education/center-for-ethics/about/structure-governance/faculty-staff.cfm">Dr. Susan Tolle</a>, director of the Center for Ethics in Health Care at Oregon Health Science University. Instead, it&#39;s for someone who is aware that they may soon die.</p><p>&quot;We would encourage doctors to reach out to patients if they would not be surprised if they died in the coming year,&quot; Tolle says, &quot;or if they had advanced frailty. The little old lady hunched over their walker, that&#39;s the definition of frailty.&quot;</p><p>That&#39;s also the definition of my 92-year-old mom. She can still beat me handily at hearts, but she&#39;s physically weaker each time I see her. &quot;Do everything&quot; is the default mode for American medicine, but that all-out approach often doesn&#39;t serve the very old well.</p><p>CPR works only about 10 percent of the time in the general population, Tolle told me, and it&#39;s even less successful in a frail old lady.</p><p>First, if someone at that age collapses, it&#39;s usually because there&#39;s a serious medical problem like a heart attack or stroke. And performing CPR on someone with osteoporosis breaks ribs rather than circulating blood. &quot;That isn&#39;t walking off the film set looking good with your hair nicely combed,&quot; Tolle says. &quot;That&#39;s going to the ICU on a ventilator.&quot;</p><p>In studies, Tolle, who helped develop the POLST form, has found that just about 12 percent of permanent nursing home residents would want to go to an ICU. &quot;Most say, &#39;I want to go to the hospital to get the easy things fixed, but I don&#39;t want the ICU. I don&#39;t want CPR.&#39; &quot;</p><p>POLST forms work well in nursing homes, where they&#39;re often taped on a resident&#39;s bathroom door. But they can be harder to put in force when people are still living in the community.</p><p>Oregon has an electronic POLST registry that EMTs and hospitals can check remotely. But only&nbsp;<a href="http://www.polst.org/programs-in-your-state/">18 states</a>&nbsp;have POLST programs in place, though many more have them in the works. Most have no registry, meaning that someone intent on having the directions on their POLST form followed would need to wear a medical alert bracelet.</p><p>Some members of the disability community have questioned whether POLST is being too broadly applied. Rather than give people more control over end-of-life medical care, they say, it could mean interpreting &quot;disabled&quot; to mean &quot;on death&#39;s door&quot;.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/zlqQgCBChn0" width="560"></iframe></p><p>&quot;Our concern is that it&#39;s being used with non-terminal people,&quot; says John Kelly, a 54-year-old quadriplegic who lives in Boston. He was taken aback when a nurse showed up with Massachusetts&#39; version of the form, called a MOLST. &quot;I joke that I&#39;ve got my pink MOLST on the fridge, and I&#39;m afraid that the firemen will come in and glance at the refrigerator and say, OK, he&#39;s got [a do-not-resuscitate order]. They interpret it as meaning no treatment at all.&quot;</p><p>POLST is almost certainly inappropriate for someone disabled but otherwise healthy, Tolle says. &quot;People are handing out the form a little too early sometimes, and we want to push back on that,&quot; she says. &quot;It&#39;s for people who we can say are in the winter of their lives. They have advanced illness and frailty. They have declining health.&quot;</p><p>Since her fall my mom has been quite clear about what treatments she doesn&#39;t want. I realize that her desires may change and that the POLST form should then change, too. And I know we&#39;ll be talking about this more, even though I have a hard time thinking about it without tearing up.</p><p>Family gatherings like Thanksgiving can be a good time for adult children to ask aging parents about their wishes for end-of-life care, and whether those wishes would be best expressed through an advance directive or a POLST. A number of groups offer&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2009/11/giving_thanks_for_some_means_b.html">crib sheets</a>&nbsp;with questions that aren&#39;t entirely scary, like &quot;Would you rather die at home or in a hospital?&quot;</p><p>It&#39;s also a good time for parents to speak their minds if the kids don&#39;t ask.</p><p>&quot;Lean into it, step up to the plate,&quot; Tolle says. &quot;On Thanksgiving after dinner, tell your children what you want. You really will lift a burden.&quot;</p><p><em>An earlier version of this&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/11/28/247332918/after-the-cranberries-and-pie-lets-talk-about-death">story&nbsp;</a>ran on Nov. 28, 2013.</em></p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/11/27/457371221/after-the-cranberries-and-pie-take-time-to-talk-about-death?ft=nprml&amp;f=457371221" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 13:31:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/after-cranberries-and-pie-take-time-talk-about-death-113972 Local Free Community College Plans May Be Template for U.S. http://www.wbez.org/news/local-free-community-college-plans-may-be-template-us-113970 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/7658219802_47c3c12d9d_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>CHICAGO (AP) &mdash; An economic engine. A jumpstart for lower-income students. A partnership with businesses to groom a workforce. <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-proposes-publicly-funded-community-college-all-111368" target="_blank">The idea of free community college has been touted as all these, by President Barack Obama</a>, Democratic presidential candidates, and some Republicans.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The idea is to curb student debt and boost employment by removing cost barriers. Educators are split on its merits, with some worrying the push could divert students away from four-year schools. And some proposals could cost taxpayers tens of billions of dollars, and may still leave students with debt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But thousands of high school graduates have just started community college for free, with the first batch enrolled in independent first-year programs in Tennessee, Chicago and soon Oregon doing so under different price tags and philosophies &mdash; offering templates of how a federal program might look and potential glitches.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;My family wasn&#39;t going to be able to support me financially,&quot; said 19-year-old aspiring doctor Michelle Rodriguez, who&#39;s taking classes for free in Chicago after concluding that even with in-state tuition and a scholarship a state university would be tough. &quot;I&#39;m the oldest. I&#39;m the first generation to go to college.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Tennessee is at the forefront, with over 15,000 students enrolled in what&#39;s characterized as a jobs program. Chicago has just under 1,000 recent graduates in its City Colleges plan, with a push toward getting students into four-year schools at a discount. Oregon is accepting applications for next fall, with as many as 10,000 applicants expected. Other states are watching and considering their own programs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cost is bound to be a contentious issue, especially with strapped state and municipal budgets.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Chicago&#39;s Star Scholarship &mdash; a signature Mayor Rahm Emanuel initiative &mdash; is the most generous. Beyond tuition, it picks up books and transportation. &quot;All I have to worry about is ordering my books on time, getting my homework on time and studying,&quot; Rodriguez said. The price tops $3 million for the inaugural class.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Tennessee, which this year relies on roughly $12 million from lottery funds, is a &quot;last dollar program&quot; &mdash; paying what federal aid doesn&#39;t cover, with an average of $1,165 a person. Related costs are up to students. For now, Oregon has set aside $10 million, and will cover up to the average tuition of $3,500 annually per student.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Obama has floated a $60 billion nationwide plan calling for two years of free community college available to most anyone with a family income under $200,000 who can keep a 2.5 grade point average.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Republicans criticized the cost, and at least one presidential candidate, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, has said it&#39;s a bad concept. But Republican Jeb Bush likes the general idea and has supported Tennessee Promise. Democrats Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders both have proposed affordable college plans, and Sanders has introduced legislation to make four-year public universities free.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Using public dollars for such programs is relatively new. Organizers studied plans utilizing private dollars as a model. Graduates from Kalamazoo, Michigan, have had free tuition available at some public colleges for a decade. Philanthropists have run a similar Knoxville, Tennessee, fund since 2008.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Still, Democratic state Sen. Mark Hass, who pushed the Oregon Promise, had a hard time convincing his own party of benefits. He went to the economics.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;To make a business case out of it, you look at the social costs that some of those people would likely incur on the way to poverty,&quot; he said. &quot;A year of community college is a lot less than a lifetime on food stamps.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>GOP-led Tennessee, which has all 13 of its community colleges participating, saw an 18 percent enrollment bump at technical colleges, according to Mike Krause, executive director of Tennessee Promise.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;This is a jobs conversation,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>With most students in Tennessee and Chicago just finishing their first semesters, it&#39;s early for data on dropouts, higher degrees or job placement. Education experts, though, say the Tennessee and Oregon models could still leave students with debt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Students from low-income families, even when getting their tuition paid for, still have substantial shares of their cost of attendance to cover,&quot; said Debbie Cochrane, research director at the nonprofit Institute for College Access &amp; Success. &quot;They&#39;re not borrowing for tuition. They&#39;re borrowing for costs beyond tuition.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That organization says 69 percent of 2014 college graduates left school with outstanding student loans, which averaged $28,950.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Octavia Coaks, an 18-year-old in Chicago, said she feels lucky that her parents, a nursing assistant and railroad engineer, don&#39;t have to borrow more.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I have a sister in college, they&#39;re (already) taking out loans. I don&#39;t want to put that kind of burden on them,&quot; said Coaks, who wants to study forensic science.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Setting the qualification parameters is one way to define the program. Unlike Obama&#39;s plan, the state and Chicago programs are limited to recent graduates.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Tennessee has no grade requirement. Oregon will require a 2.5 average. Chicago requires a 3.0 GPA.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>City Colleges of Chicago Chancellor Cheryl Hyman said that level is a signal students &quot;have the persistence and dedication to their studies needed to succeed in college.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Some researchers worry the program could divert students, at least initially, from four-year schools.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Typically, students who have a 3.0 are already going to go to college,&quot; said Sara Goldrick-Rab, a University of Wisconsin-Madison professor who studies such programs. &quot;It doesn&#39;t usually change who goes to college, it might change where they go.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But many in the Chicago program say they&#39;re trying to complete general requirements and then transfer. A dozen Chicago-area colleges say they&#39;ll offer scholarships to Star Scholars. Chicago graduate Oscar Sanchez, 18, says he&#39;s inspired by his older classmates in community college.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;If they&#39;re putting that much effort, why can&#39;t I?&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 13:04:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/local-free-community-college-plans-may-be-template-us-113970 Scientists Say The Amazon Is Still Teaching Us New Lessons http://www.wbez.org/news/scientists-say-amazon-still-teaching-us-new-lessons-113969 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/amazon-sunset_custom-f6bb2d63a4763e491dbb54df2a7916ca88a573ab-s700-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res454744073" previewtitle="Sunset colors cut through the smoky haze in the Brazilian Amazon."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Sunset colors cut through the smoky haze in the Brazilian Amazon." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/04/amazon-sunset_custom-f6bb2d63a4763e491dbb54df2a7916ca88a573ab-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 414px; width: 620px;" title="Sunset colors cut through the smoky haze in the Brazilian Amazon. (Kainaz Amaria/NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>Recent scientific discoveries show that the Amazon rainforest might control the climate for much of South America. The theory could mean even more disastrous ramifications for the fragile ecosystem if deforestation continues unabated.</p></div></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 12:45:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/scientists-say-amazon-still-teaching-us-new-lessons-113969 Climate Change Winners And Losers http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-27/climate-change-winners-and-losers-113967 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/1126_polar-bear.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_96815"><img alt="Polar bear (Anita Ritenour/Flickr)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2015/11/1126_polar-bear-624x416.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Polar bear (Anita Ritenour/Flickr)" /><p>It&rsquo;s not just the polar bear that is suffering from climate change. Other animals are already seeing the effects of a warming planet, including habitat loss, food shortages and extreme weather conditions. While many species will suffer, some will do well and adapt to the changes.</p></div><p>Thomas Lovejoy, a conservation biologist at George Mason University who coined the term &ldquo;biological diversity&rdquo; back in 1980, tells&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/11/27/climate-winners-losers"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s </em></a>Meghna Chakrabarti about the climate winners and losers and what can be done to restore ecosystems to slow the effects of climate change.</p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 12:18:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-27/climate-change-winners-and-losers-113967 Analyzing Politics and Aftermath of the Laquan McDonald Video http://www.wbez.org/news/analyzing-politics-and-aftermath-laquan-mcdonald-video-113968 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/rahm_mccarthy_mcdonald_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Over a 24-hour span this week, Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke was <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-officer-charged-murder-killing-black-teen-113933">charged with first-degree murder</a> and taken off the Chicago Police Department&rsquo;s payroll, and Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy recommended <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/mccarthy-chicago-police-board-fire-dante-servin-113909">Detective Dante Servin be fired</a>.</p><p>This flurry of activity came more than a year after Van Dyke shot and killed Laquan McDonald, more than three years after Servin shot and killed Rekia Boyd, and right before the court-ordered release of dashcam footage showing McDonald&rsquo;s death.</p><p>In the days since there have been nightly protests, and calls for firing McCarthy and State&rsquo;s Attorney Anita Alvarez. And officer Van Dyke&rsquo;s attorney has said this is a case that needs to be tried in a courtroom, not on the streets or in the media.</p><p>To help understand what that trial could look like, we spoke with longtime Chicago attorney James Montgomery, Sr., who explained the potential defense Van Dyke could use.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="100" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/234733272&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>We also spoke with political consultant Delmarie Cobb about the lead up to the video&rsquo;s release, and what was going on behind the scenes politically.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="100" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/234979568&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 12:16:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/analyzing-politics-and-aftermath-laquan-mcdonald-video-113968 Hundreds Block Retail Entrances in Protest of Laquan McDonald Investigation http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965 <p><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">▲&nbsp;</span><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">LISTEN:</strong><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">&nbsp;</span><em>Hear the scene on the&nbsp;Magnificent Mile from WBEZ&#39;s Linda Lutton, who spoke with&nbsp;protesters&nbsp;and shoppers during Friday&#39;s protests.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>CHICAGO (AP) &mdash;&nbsp;Hundreds of protesters blocked store entrances and shut down traffic in&nbsp;Chicago&#39;s&nbsp;ritziest shopping district on Black Friday to draw attention to the 2014 police killing of a black teenager who was shot 16 times by a white officer.</div><p style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif, Geneva; font-size: 15px; line-height: 15px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;</p><div><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Protesters line Michigan Ave sidewalks, block stores. &quot;Shut it down! Justice for <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Laquan?src=hash">#Laquan</a>&quot; <a href="https://t.co/0iiAkdogxs">pic.twitter.com/0iiAkdogxs</a></p>&mdash; WBEZeducation (@WBEZeducation) <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZeducation/status/670308391999418368">November 27, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Demonstrators stood shoulder to shoulder in a cold drizzling rain to turn the traditional start of the holiday shopping season on Michigan Avenue&#39;s Magnificent Mile into a high-profile platform from which to deliver their message: The killing of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald &mdash; captured on a&nbsp;squad car&nbsp;video made public earlier this week &mdash; was another example of what they say is the systemic disregard police show for the lives and rights of black people.</p><p>They chanted &quot;16 shots! 16 shots!&quot; and stopped traffic for blocks to express their anger over&nbsp;the Oct.&nbsp;20, 2014, shooting and the subsequent investigation, which they say was mishandled.</p><p style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif, Geneva; font-size: 15px; line-height: 15px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IMG_1112.JPG" style="text-align: center; height: 437px; width: 620px;" title="(WBEZ/Linda Lutton)" /></p><iframe frameborder="no" height="20" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/235045297&amp;color=ff5500&amp;inverse=false&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_user=true" width="100%"></iframe><p>While shoppers continued to make their way along sidewalks and the empty street, some major retailers were forced to close, at least temporarily. Among them was the typically swamped Apple store, where dozens of employees in red shirts stood in an otherwise empty two-story space and watched through store windows as protesters linked arms to stop anyone from entering.</p><p>It was the largest demonstration in&nbsp;Chicago&#39;s&nbsp;streets since police on Tuesday released the video under a court order to make it public.</p><p>The footage shows McDonald jogging down a street and then veering away from Officer Jason Van Dyke and another officer who emerge from a police SUV drawing their guns. Within seconds, Van Dyke begins firing. McDonald, who authorities allege was carrying a three-inch knife and was suspected of breaking into cars, spins around and falls to the pavement as Van Dyke keeps shooting.</p><p>Prosecutors charged Van Dyke with first-degree murder on Tuesday, hours before the video&#39;s release.</p><p>Frank Chapman, 73, of&nbsp;Chicago, said the video confirms what activists have said for years about&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;police brutality.</p><p>&quot;That needs to end,&quot; Chapman said. &quot;Too many have already died.&quot;</p><p>Chicago&nbsp;police blocked off roads to accommodate the march down Michigan Avenue, and officers in some areas formed a barrier of sorts between protesters and stores and helped shoppers get through the doors. But protesters succeeded in blocking main entrances on both sides of the street for more than three blocks.</p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IMG_0537.JPG" style="height: 413px; width: 310px; float: left; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Demonstrators block the entrance of AT&amp;T on Michigan Avenue in Chicago. (WBEZ/Linda Lutton)" /><p>When one person tried to get through the front door of Saks Fifth Avenue, protesters screamed at him, shouting, &quot;Shut it down! Shut it down.&quot; Entrances were also blocked at the Disney Store, the Apple Store, Nike, Tiffany &amp; Co., and Neiman Marcus, among others.</p><p>Several protesters were seen lying face-down on the ground in handcuffs, but a police spokeswoman said she hadn&#39;t been informed of any arrests.</p><p>Shoppers seemed to take the disturbance in stride, with some even snapping photos of the crowd.</p><p>&quot;Honestly it&#39;s the cold that&#39;s likely to scare us away first,&quot; said Christopher Smithe, who was visiting from London with his girlfriend.</p><p>With the rain and the protests, there seemed to be less foot traffic than on a normal Black Friday, said John Curran, vice president of the Magnificent Mile Association, which represents 780 businesses on North Michigan Avenue.</p><p>&quot;The storefronts that were blocked by the demonstrators certainly had an impact on some of the businesses,&quot; he said.</p><p>Throughout the week, protesters have expressed anger over the video of the shooting. They&#39;ve also harshly&nbsp;criticised&nbsp;the department for its months-long effort to prevent the video from being released and the state&#39;s attorney&#39;s office for taking more than a year to file charges against Van Dyke, despite having footage of the incident.</p><p>All previous marches have been largely peaceful. There have been isolated clashes between police and protesters, with about 10 arrests and only a few minor reports of property damage.</p><p>Van Dyke is being held without bond. His attorney said Van Dyke feared for his life when he fired at McDonald and that the case should be tried in an actual courtroom, not the court of public opinion.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 10:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965