WBEZ | News http://www.wbez.org/news Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Scientists Say They Have a New Cure for Hearing Loss http://www.wbez.org/news/scientists-say-they-have-new-cure-hearing-loss-114019 <p><p>Jay Alan Zimmerman is a successful composer who writes music for movies and musicals.&nbsp;There&#39;s something that sets him apart from other composers, however. He&#39;s deaf.&nbsp;</p><p>Zimmerman wasn&rsquo;t always deaf. He came to New York and began his career in music. Over time&nbsp;he realized he had lost quite a bit of hearing at the top of his range. He didn&rsquo;t realize just how bad his hearing loss was until one day when he was trying to work on a new track.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;We wanted to start the track with the sound of these birds. And so the engineer found these different bird sounds and he puts them on the track and I&rsquo;m like, &lsquo;Where are the birds? Turn up the birds!&rsquo; And that&#39;s when I realized &lsquo;Uh oh.&rsquo; And [the engineer] is like, &lsquo;Actually, they&#39;re playing.&rsquo;&rdquo;</p><p>Zimmerman&rsquo;s hearing continued to worsen, and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wnyc.org/story/deaf-composer/" target="_blank">he began finding ways to continue his work with music, including using an audio visualizer</a>&nbsp;that allows him to see when singers are hitting notes. It was suggested he try using a cochlear implant, a device that listens to the world and translates sounds into electrical impulses that stimulate neurons in the user&rsquo;s brain. Patients, however, sometimes complain that voices heard with an implant can sound robotic, and music loses its appeal. So Zimmerman decided against it.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;Listeners have to realize that any treatment for hearing loss is not remotely like getting glasses for your eyes. It&#39;s not regular hearing again. It&#39;s an altered reality,&rdquo; Zimmerman says.&nbsp;</p><p>Now, however, some scientists say a new gene therapy treatment could possibly work for Zimmerman to regain hearing, while preserving the richness of sound he&rsquo;s used to.&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/hearing-loss.jpg" style="height: 304px; width: 540px;" title="Vassa, 86, who suffers from hearing difficulties, poses in her house in the village of Kalach, Sverdlovsk region, Russia October 18, 2015. (Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters)" /></div><p>Dr. Lawrence Lustig, professor and chair of the department of otolaryngology at Columbia University Medical Center, is currently recruiting patients for a Novartis-sponsored clinical trial to find out whether his gene therapy will work on humans. The study involves injecting patients&rsquo; inner ears with a harmless virus. The virus is stocked with a gene essential to the development of sound-sensing &ldquo;hair cells&rdquo; in the cochlea, in the hope that the introduced gene will stimulate the growth of new hair cells and, eventually, restore some hearing capacity.</p><p>&ldquo;If we could re-grow the hair cells of the inner ear of humans, there&#39;s no question that the hearing would be better than it would with an implant,&rdquo; Lustig says.&nbsp;&ldquo;It was known for years that birds can regenerate the hair cells. ... It&rsquo;s really taken us a long time to figure out all the molecular steps that occur to allow us to sort of rewire what we do to our own inner ear to allow us to regrow hair cells in mammals.&rdquo;</p><p>Dr. Lustig&rsquo;s technique is aimed at patients who have lost their hearing due to years of loud noise or music, or the toxic effects of certain drugs. But a different genetic therapy, still being tested in animals, aims to treat the ears of those who have genetic hearing loss. In one experiment earlier this year, led by otolaryngologist Jeffrey Holt, mice with genetically induced hearing loss were able to regain partial hearing after treatment.</p><p>&ldquo;What we&#39;re doing is really trying to fix cells that are broken,&rdquo; Holt says, &ldquo;These are the sensory cells that are not functioning properly. And if we can introduce the correct DNA&nbsp;sequence, we can make those cells functional again. We&#39;ve demonstrated that with one gene in particular, and it works quite well for that gene. Now we&#39;re trying to tackle some of the other forms of genetic deafness.&rdquo;</p><p>Zimmerman, who has made a successful career for himself as a deaf composer, is still trying to decide whether he will seek a treatment like gene therapy for his hearing loss.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;I have to decide what I want,&rdquo; Zimmerman says, &ldquo;With the level I was hearing at, you know, it would make it easier on everybody around me. And I don&#39;t know how to process that because I&#39;ve always wanted to get my hearing back somehow so I could enjoy music, which I guess makes me selfish rather than thinking about the people in my life. But the sound of the flutes and piccolos and birds and tiny little triangles &mdash; it was so gorgeous.&rdquo;</p><p><em>This article is based on an&nbsp;<a href="http://www.sciencefriday.com/segments/gene-therapy-aims-to-switch-on-hearing/" target="_blank">interview</a>&nbsp;that aired on PRI&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="http://www.sciencefriday.com/" target="_blank">Science Friday</a>.</em></p><p><em>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-28/scientists-say-they-have-new-cure-hearing-loss" target="_blank">via Science Friday</a></em></p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 16:57:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/scientists-say-they-have-new-cure-hearing-loss-114019 Mayor Emanuel Dismisses Police Chief in Wake of Video Release http://www.wbez.org/news/mayor-emanuel-dismisses-police-chief-wake-video-release-114018 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/rahmfiresmccarthy.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>CHICAGO&nbsp;(AP) &mdash; Rahm Emanuel sought for months to keep the public from seeing a video that shows a white police officer shooting a black teenager 16 times. Now, a week after the video&#39;s release, the&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;mayor has fired the police superintendent, created a new task force for police accountability and expanded the use of body cameras.</p><div><p>But Emanuel&#39;s effort to keep the video secret and his long wait to take action at the police department has stirred deep skepticism among those protesting the teen&#39;s death. Many activists are especially incensed by the fact that the video first surfaced during a re-election campaign, when the mayor was seeking African-American votes.</p><p>&quot;In our community, everyone is saying it (the video) was not released because of the election,&#39; said Corey Brooks, a prominent black minister.</p><p>Had it emerged earlier, the video &quot;could have buried&quot; Emanuel&#39;s chances for re-election, Columbia Law School professor Bernard E. Harcourt wrote in a New York Times op-ed piece published Monday.</p><p>The mayor defended the decision to withhold the video from the public until the investigation was finished.</p><p>&quot;You don&#39;t compromise an ongoing investigation,&quot; he said. &quot;Yet it&#39;s clear you all want and the public deserves that information. They&#39;re two conflicting principles.&quot;</p><p>Asked by a reporter if Emanuel thought he would become a distraction himself and would consider resigning, the mayor responded, &quot;You&#39;ll make that judgment. I think I&#39;m doing my job. And I try to do it every day do it in a professional way.&quot;</p><p>Emanuel on Tuesday announced the dismissal of Garry McCarthy, who only days ago insisted to reporters that the mayor had his &quot;back.&quot;</p><p>The mayor praised McCarthy&#39;s leadership but called it an &quot;undeniable fact&quot; that the public&#39;s trust in the police had eroded.</p><p>&quot;Now is the time for fresh eyes and new leadership,&quot; Emanuel said.</p><p>Protesters have been calling for McCarthy&#39;s dismissal in response to the handling of the death of Laquan McDonald, a 17-year-old who was killed in October 2014.</p><p>Some aldermen, particularly members of the city council&#39;s black caucus, have also been seeking McCarthy&#39;s resignation, citing the city&#39;s crime rate and questions about the department transparency.</p><p>The city released video of the shooting only after a judge ordered it to be made public. Last week&#39;s release set off several days of largely peaceful protests. On the same day, officer Jason Van Dyke was charged with murder.</p><p>&quot;Any case of excessive force or abuse of authority undermines the entire force and the trust we must build with every community in the city,&quot; the mayor said. Police officers are only effective &quot;if they are trusted by all Chicagoans, whoever they are and wherever they live in the city.&quot;</p><p>Emanuel introduced McCarthy as his pick to lead the department in May 2011, replacing former FBI agent Jody Weis, who was unpopular with many rank-and-file officers who claimed Weis did not stand behind them.</p><p>Alderman Howard Brookins Jr., a member of the black caucus, said he appreciated Emanuel&#39;s &quot;willingness to change course.&quot;</p><p>Chief of Detectives John Escalante will oversee the department until a permanent replacement is named, Emanuel said.</p><p>The mayor also announced the creation of a task force on police accountability that will help develop an early warning system allowing the department to intervene with problem officers racking up complaints from the public.</p><p>Van Dyke was the subject of 18 civilian complaints over 14 years, including allegations that he used racial epithets and excessive force. Complaints against police are not uncommon, but the number filed against Van Dyke was high compared with other officers.</p><p>Emanuel&#39;s office announced Sunday that the police department would expand its use of officer body cameras from a single district to roughly a third of&nbsp;Chicago.</p><p>Emanuel credited McCarthy with modernizing&nbsp;Chicago&#39;s&nbsp;police force, getting illegal guns off the streets and pushing a community policing strategy that the mayor said had reduced overall crime rates to a record low.</p><p>In particular, McCarthy was a constant preacher on the need for tougher punishments for gun offenses. He hammered on the fact that many murder suspects had prior gun convictions, which McCarthy argued should have kept them off the streets.</p><p>But the police chief came under pressure because of homicides that included high-profile cases such as the slaying of Hadiya Pendleton.</p><p>Pendleton, an honor student, became a national symbol of gun violence when she was gunned down in 2013 as she talked with friends just a mile from President Barack Obama&#39;s South Side home. She died just days after returning from the president&#39;s inauguration.</p><p>In New York City, McCarthy rose from patrolman to an executive position. He later became police director in Newark, New Jersey before coming to&nbsp;Chicago, where he promised he would &quot;have the cops&#39; backs.&quot;</p><p>The silent&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;video shows McDonald walking down the middle of a four-lane street. He appears to veer away from two officers as they emerge from a vehicle, drawing their guns. Van Dyke opens fire from close range and continues firing after McDonald crumples to the ground.</p><p>Police have said McDonald was carrying a knife, and an autopsy revealed that he had the hallucinogenic drug PCP in his system. Cook County State&#39;s Attorney Anita Alvarez has said the 3-inch blade recovered from the scene had been folded into the handle.</p><p>Defense attorney Dan Herbert has said the officer feared for his life, acted lawfully and that the video does not tell the whole story. Van Dyke was released from jail Monday after paying the required $150,000 of his $1.5 million bail.</p><p>Also Tuesday, relatives of another person fatally shot last year by&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;police stepped up their pleas to have the squad car video made public. Emanuel spokeswoman Kelley Quinn said the city was &quot;looking into&quot; releasing it.</p><p>Police have said 25-year-old Ronald Johnson III was fatally shot by an officer on Oct. 12, 2014. At the time, authorities said he pointed a gun at police.</p><p>His mother, Dorothy Holmes, has said he was running away from police. She and attorney Michael Oppenheimer have seen a copy of the video because of lawsuits they have filed.</p><p><em>Associated Press writers Caryn Rousseau, Jason Keyser and Sophia Tareen contributed to this report.</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 15:48:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/mayor-emanuel-dismisses-police-chief-wake-video-release-114018 Governor Rauner, Legislative Leaders Meet for Budget Summit http://www.wbez.org/news/governor-rauner-legislative-leaders-meet-budget-summit-114016 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_465809716400.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) &mdash; The latest on Tuesday afternoon&#39;s state budget meeting between Republican Illinois Gov. Bruce Rauner and leaders of the Illinois General Assembly (all times local):</p><p><strong>3:20 p.m.</strong></p><p>Gov. Bruce Rauner closed the public portion of Tuesday&#39;s budget summit with a forceful plea to take on what he says are the root causes of Illinois&#39; financial woes.</p><p>The Republican governor capped statements to open the budget negotiation with a familiar speech about the business and political climates in the state and the need to change them. He disagreed with statements made by Democratic House Speaker Michael Madigan of&nbsp;Chicago. Madigan has argued since summer that the changes Rauner wants to make are not related to the budget and should be discussed separately.</p><p>The businessman first-year governor wants to restrict workers&#39; compensation and liability lawsuit payouts and restrict union power as a way to make business grow and produce more revenue.</p><p>He says &quot;we&#39;ll still chase our tails&quot; if the state just raises taxes &mdash; as Democrats desire &mdash; without &quot;structural reforms.&quot;</p><p>Rauner and the leaders are now talking in private.</p><p><strong>2:55 p.m.</strong></p><p>House Republican Leader Jim Durkin says there will never be enough revenue to feed Illinois&#39; spending appetite without reforms of the type proposed by GOP Gov. Bruce Rauner.</p><p>The Western Springs Republican says the budget deficit problem didn&#39;t begin with Rauner&#39;s inauguration in January. He criticized Democrats who held the governor&#39;s office and the Legislature for the past 12 years.</p><p>Durkin made the statements in opening remarks to the partially public budget summit in the governor&#39;s office. Democratic Senate President John Cullerton ofChicago&nbsp;followed and criticized Durkin for the comments.</p><p>Cullerton says Democrats and Republicans cooperated on issues such as a massive capital construction bill during the 12 years of Democratic rule. And he says the GOP also voted for a temporary income tax increase because it was necessary.</p><p><strong>2:45 p.m.</strong></p><p>House Speaker Michael Madigan has opened the budget summit with Gov. Bruce Rauner by arguing for a tax increase and spending cuts to balance the budget.</p><p>The&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;Democrat-led off the partially public meeting by pledging to work cooperatively with the Republican governor but criticizing his desire to make changes to the business and political climates before working on a state budget.</p><p>Madigan says that state officials cannot &quot;simply cut our way out of the budget deficit problem.&quot;</p><p><strong>2:30 p.m.</strong></p><p>Gov. Bruce Rauner has opened the much-anticipated budget summit by welcoming legislative leaders &mdash; including the Democrats he&#39;s feuded with for months.</p><p>The first part of the meeting is being televised online for the public. Democratic House Speaker Michael Madigan suggested the whole conference be public, but Republican Rauner took over planning and is allowing just opening remarks to be televised by a pool camera belonging to the state&#39;s public communications agency.</p><p>The governor anticipates opening remarks will take about an hour. Then the leaders will negotiate behind closed doors.</p><p>Rauner and the Legislature&#39;s majority Democrats have been unable to agree on a spending plan now six months into the state&#39;s fiscal year.</p><p><strong>11:30 a.m.</strong></p><p>Democratic leaders of the Illinois General Assembly are trying to appear optimistic about Tuesday afternoon&#39;s rare budget summit with Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner.</p><p>Rauner and the four legislative leaders &mdash; including Democratic House Speaker Michael Madigan and Democratic Senate President John Cullerton &mdash; haven&#39;t been in the same room together since May. Tuesday marks the start of the sixth month of the fiscal year with no budget.</p><p>Madigan spokesman Steve Brown says the meeting is &quot;another step&quot; in trying to reach an agreement. Cullerton spokeswoman Rikeesha Phelon says Cullerton hopes there will be &quot;productive negotiations.&quot;</p><p>But Madigan and Cullerton have objected to Rauner&#39;s insistence on making changes to the business and political climates before talking spending. And Rauner spokeswoman Catherine Kelly says the governor still plans to discuss his proposals for &quot;structural reforms.&quot;</p><p><strong>3:01 a.m.</strong></p><p>Gov. Bruce Rauner and legislative leaders are scheduled to meet Tuesday in a highly publicized and partially public budget summit.</p><p>The Republican executive and Democrats who control the General Assembly have been unable to agree on a state spending plan for the year that began July 1.</p><p>They&#39;ve not all met in the same room since May.</p><p>Rauner will host House Speaker Michael Madigan and Senate President John Cullerton &mdash; both&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;Democrats &mdash; and Republican leaders Jim Durkin and Christine Radogno (ruh-DOHN&#39;-yoh) in his Capitol office for the mid-afternoon conference.</p><p>The public may watch the first hour or so &mdash; when lawmakers and Rauner make opening statements. Then officials will close the door to negotiate.</p><p>Expectations are low for the meeting first suggested by good government groups</p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 15:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/governor-rauner-legislative-leaders-meet-budget-summit-114016 Man Accused of Threatening University of Chicago Released http://www.wbez.org/news/man-accused-threatening-university-chicago-released-114012 <p><p>CHICAGO&nbsp;(AP) &mdash; A 21-year-old charged with posting threats to kill white students or staff members at the University of&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;who was motivated by the police shooting of a black teenager is out of jail.</p><div><p>A federal judge agreed Tuesday to put Jabari Dean under house arrest in the custody of his mother. The engineering student will be allowed to attend classes at the University of Illinois at&nbsp;Chicago.</p><p>Release conditions include Dean staying off the Internet.</p><p>His mother expressed concern at Tuesday&#39;s hearing about her son&#39;s job prospects because of the arrest.</p><p>The University of&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;closed Monday after learning of the threat.</p><p>Dean was arrested Monday. Authorities say Dean, who is black, posted the threat after prosecutors charged Officer Jason Van Dyke with first-degree murder in Laquan McDonald&#39;s death and released the video of the shooting.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 13:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/man-accused-threatening-university-chicago-released-114012 Native American Tribe Bets On Olive Oil http://www.wbez.org/programs/weekend-edition-sunday/2015-12-01/native-american-tribe-bets-olive-oil-114011 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/9737625509_a450c4b840_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res456837053" previewtitle="The Yocha Dehe tribe grows, mills and markets its own extra-virgin olive oil. The tribe's mill uses top-of-the-line equipment imported from Florence, Italy."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="The Yocha Dehe tribe grows, mills and markets its own extra-virgin olive oil. The tribe's mill uses top-of-the-line equipment imported from Florence, Italy." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/20/p1040292edited_custom-846f915163ef5a1ce06d4badacb5363a7b4ec7b9-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 414px; width: 620px;" title="The Yocha Dehe tribe grows, mills and markets its own extra-virgin olive oil. The tribe's mill uses top-of-the-line equipment imported from Florence, Italy. (Courtesy of Lisa Morehouse)" /></div><div><div><p>The bucolic Capay Valley is about an hour outside Sacramento, Calif., and its ranches, alfalfa fields and small, organic produce farms have earned it a reputation as an agricultural gem. It&#39;s pretty serene, except for the cacophony inside the valley&#39;s most lucrative business, the Cache Creek Casino.</p></div></div></div><p>That casino &mdash; and the huge crowds it attracts on any given night &mdash; has been a source of tension between local farmers and the tiny California Indian tribe which runs it, the Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation. But it&#39;s because of the casino&#39;s success that the Yocha Dehe can fund its newest venture, across the highway: the tribe&#39;s own brand of olive oil &mdash; bottled in a state-of-the-art facility.</p><p>It&#39;s harvest time, and at one small farm in the valley, workers rake olives off branches on to a net which they dump into bins. The fruit is trucked just down the road and pressed into oil at the Yocha Dehe&#39;s olive mill, in equipment imported from Florence, Italy. About 40 growers from the region process their olives here.</p><p>About a decade ago, former Tribal Chairman Marshall&nbsp;McKay visited the olive center at nearby University of California, Davis.</p><p>&quot;They had this fascinating tale of quality and quantity and the healing benefits of good fresh oil,&quot; he says, &quot;and [that] it may be a burgeoning market in California.&quot;</p><p>Now the Yocha Dehe tribe is at the forefront: It&#39;s growing, milling and marketing extra-virgin olive oil. Though only in its fifth year of production, the olive oil is used in over 200 restaurants &ndash; including the famed Chez Panisse. A premium version of the oil, called Seka Hills, is sold in specialty shops and upscale farmers markets.</p><div id="res456836269" previewtitle="Olive trees belonging to the Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, with their Cache Creek Casino in the background."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Olive trees belonging to the Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, with their Cache Creek Casino in the background." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/20/p1040255edited-4e89e79bab24444427b0ade6988e10957ae1200e-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Olive trees belonging to the Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, with their Cache Creek Casino in the background. (Courtesy of Lisa Morehouse)" /></div><div><div><p>The olives are new, but the Yocha Dehe and other Native American groups thrived in villages here for thousands of years before European contact.</p></div></div></div><p>McKay says, &quot;People, outsiders came into the valley: Gold Rush prospectors, cattle ranchers, soldiers.&quot; His ancestors fled to the hills, but many were still massacred.</p><p>&quot;We were in the way, so we were removed,&quot; he says. &quot;It was genocide. It just hasn&#39;t been talked about in history.&quot;</p><p>Those who survived were relocated to barren land, a way of slowly killing the tribe, according to McKay.</p><p>&quot;I grew up in severe poverty,&quot; says James Kinter, Yocha Dehe&#39;s tribal secretary. &quot;Growing up here on the reservation, we used to go pick walnuts on the side of the road for dinner sometimes. My mom, she used to work in the fields, worked as a waitress. She was a single mom, raising three children, and everybody was kind of in that situation in the tribe.&quot;</p><p>In the 1980s, laws regulating Indian gaming began to loosen, and the tribe opened a bingo hall. Kinter was 5 years old. &quot;It was great, just to see people get excited about something, and it brought us together as a tribe,&quot; he says.</p><p>They expanded, eventually opening the casino &mdash; which averages 2,000 visitors daily, swelling traffic on the valley&#39;s two-lane highway, and reportedly earning hundreds of millions of dollars a year for the tribe.</p><p>McKay says to keep the approximately 100 tribal members grounded and engaged despite their newfound wealth, they receive higher incomes if they&#39;ve graduated from high school, or work, or attend college full-time. Or, as he puts it, &quot;Are you doing something for yourself instead of just waiting for a handout?&quot;</p><div id="res456837669" previewtitle="At a neighboring farm in the Capay Valley, workers dump just-picked olives into a bin. They'll be milled within hours at the Yocha Dehe mill just down the road."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="At a neighboring farm in the Capay Valley, workers dump just-picked olives into a bin. They'll be milled within hours at the Yocha Dehe mill just down the road." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/20/p1040271edited-91c26945b7f79c7f638af9d29b5d4ef9f3ed40e9-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="At a neighboring farm in the Capay Valley, workers dump just-picked olives into a bin. They'll be milled within hours at the Yocha Dehe mill just down the road. (Courtesy of Lisa Morehouse)" /></div><div><div><p>But casino development made waves with some neighbors. When the casino expanded in 2002, protesters drove tractors up and down the valley&#39;s small highway, citing concerns about increased traffic on rural roads.</p></div></div></div><p>Tom Frederick and his wife own Capay Valley Vineyards and Winery, right next door to the casino. As farmers, he says, the tribe is doing a great job. &quot;They do the best of everything,&quot; he says, adding,&quot; I don&#39;t begrudge them that.&quot;</p><p>But he is frustrated that, because they&#39;re a native sovereign nation, some Yocha Dehe operations &mdash; like the casino and its adjoining golf course &mdash; operate under different regulations than the rest of the valley. &quot;It&#39;s a concentration of money and power, so we just seek some kind of balance,&quot; Frederick says. He and his wife are part of a group voicing concerns about the possibility of more casino-related development in the future, and how that could impact the agricultural character of the valley.</p><p>Down the valley at Capay Organics, co-owner Thaddeus Barsotti has a different take. He grew up going to school with tribe members, in tougher times. &quot;I think it&#39;s a cool story anytime you see people not having a lot and taking advantage of the opportunities they&#39;re given and ending with more than they had. That&#39;s the American dream, right?&quot; he says.</p><p>Former tribal chairman Marshall McKay says with the Yocha Dehe opening up the olive oil mill, and working in agriculture, tensions with their farming neighbors in the Capay Valley have eased. After all, they&#39;re all in the same line of work now.</p><p>&quot;That wasn&#39;t like that a few years ago,&quot; he says. &quot;People weren&#39;t looking at us in the eye. We weren&#39;t looking at them in the eye, and now that&#39;s changed.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/11/29/456833557/native-american-tribe-bets-on-olive-oil?ft=nprml&amp;f=456833557" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 13:30:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/weekend-edition-sunday/2015-12-01/native-american-tribe-bets-olive-oil-114011 Obama Leaves Paris Climate Talks Confident Of Deal http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-12-01/obama-leaves-paris-climate-talks-confident-deal-114010 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/1201_obama-paris-624x415.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_96952"><img alt="U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a press conference in Paris, France, on December 1, 2015. (Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2015/12/1201_obama-paris-624x415.jpg" style="height: 412px; width: 620px;" title="U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a press conference in Paris, France, on December 1, 2015. (Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)" /><p>Wrapping up his two-day trip to Paris for the UN global summit on climate change, President Obama said he&rsquo;s &ldquo;convinced that we&rsquo;re going to get big things done here.&rdquo;</p></div><p>The president, who said the deal is critical to the U.S. economy and national security, also spent time pledging financial support to low-lying island nations vulnerable to rising sea levels.</p><p>NPR White House correspondent<a href="https://twitter.com/tamarakeithnpr" target="_blank">&nbsp;Tamara Keith</a>&nbsp;joins&nbsp;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/12/01/obama-paris-climate-talks" target="_blank"><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s </em></a>Jeremy Hobson with details.</p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 12:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-12-01/obama-leaves-paris-climate-talks-confident-deal-114010 As Big Food Feels Threat Of Climate Change, Companies Speak Up http://www.wbez.org/news/big-food-feels-threat-climate-change-companies-speak-114009 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/cocoafarm_custom-8ad7ea87e6fe13bef7e255f0fb035292673a55e5-s700-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457928348" previewtitle="Cocoa pods in Ivory Coast, one of the world's top producers of cocoa. Climate models suggest that West Africa, where much of the world's cocoa is grown, will get drier, which could affect supply."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Cocoa pods in Ivory Coast, one of the world's top producers of cocoa. Climate models suggest that West Africa, where much of the world's cocoa is grown, will get drier, which could affect supply." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/30/cocoafarm_custom-8ad7ea87e6fe13bef7e255f0fb035292673a55e5-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 390px; width: 620px;" title="Cocoa pods in Ivory Coast, one of the world's top producers of cocoa. Climate models suggest that West Africa, where much of the world's cocoa is grown, will get drier, which could affect supply. (Issouf Sanogo/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Chances are, you&#39;ve picked up some chatter about the new global talks on climate change. If you can&#39;t quite see how it matters to you, personally, you might want to take a peek inside your pantry. Or your candy jar. Because it might just affect your access to everything from cheese to chocolate.</p></div></div></div><p>&quot;It&#39;s very clear now that a changing climate will have a profound effect on agriculture,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://geog.umd.edu/facultyprofile/Brown/Molly">Molly Brown</a>, a geographer at the University of Maryland.</p><p>Take one simple example, she says: Vermont.</p><p>Farmers in this state used to count on being able to plant corn in May, she says. But weather patterns are shifting. The month of May is now typically cold and wet, &quot;so they&#39;re really not able to plant their corn until the middle of June. That delays its harvest. And then we might have an early frost.&quot;</p><div id="res457935424">The result is less corn for Vermont&#39;s cows, and less local milk for the state&#39;s dairies. &quot;It really changes the economic structure of how dairy products are produced in Vermont,&quot; Brown says.</div><p>This kind of thing is happening all over the world, sometimes with life-changing consequences.</p><p>In Ethiopia, Brown says, the country&#39;s traditional center of farming now isn&#39;t getting enough rain for its crops. Meanwhile, rain is falling in another region, in the northern part of Ethiopia, where few people live because it used to be really dry. &quot;So the question is, do people move up north? Can they simply move the way they farm to that new region?&quot;</p><p>Most farmers can&#39;t really see the big global patterns of climate change, and certainly can&#39;t change what&#39;s happening.</p><p>But big multinational companies can see it, because they buy shiploads of farm products from all over the world.</p><p>Take, for example,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.mars.com/global/index.aspx">Mars Inc.</a>, maker of Mars bars, M&amp;M&#39;s, Snickers, Skittles and more.</p><p>&quot;[Climate change is] absolutely a threat,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://www.chocovision.ch/speakers/barry-parkin">Barry Parkin</a>, the company&#39;s chief sustainability officer. &quot;And that&#39;s why we&#39;re doing all that we&#39;re doing today.&quot;</p><p>A key ingredient in the company&#39;s most tempting products, of course, is chocolate. This comes from cocoa trees, most of them in West Africa, where the climate is hot and humid. But Parkin says it may not stay that way. &quot;Most of the models will say that it&#39;s going to get drier in West Africa, and that&#39;s not good for cocoa,&quot; he says. And cocoa is just one of the 100 or so agricultural commodities that Mars needs for its food and pet food products.</p><p>Parkin is confident that his company will be able to get those ingredients somewhere. &quot;I&#39;m less worried about that,&quot; he says. &quot;We will find most of the crops we need to find. Maybe in different places. I&#39;m more concerned about the farmers,&quot; such as those who depend on the cocoa harvest.</p><p>According to Parkin, Mars is looking for ways to help those farmers get through this. The strategy, he says, is to help those farmers become more productive. Mars is providing better cocoa trees, fertilizer and training. It puts money in the farmers&#39; pockets, &quot;and that gives them a level of resiliency. No longer does one bad harvest cripple them,&quot; he says.</p><p>That&#39;s the part of the company&#39;s strategy that&#39;s aimed at getting ready for a changing climate, and adapting to it.</p><p>But because Mars is so aware that this is costly and painful, it&#39;s also trying to keep the situation from getting worse.</p><p>That starts with reducing the company&#39;s own greenhouse gas emissions. &quot;We set our first&nbsp;<a href="http://www.mars.com/global/about-mars/mars-pia/our-operations/energy-and-climate.aspx">goals</a>&nbsp;in 2009, for what we needed to do as a company to reduce our impact on the planet,&quot; Parkin says.</p><p>According to Parkin, Mars has cut its emissions of climate warming gases by 25 percent compared with eight years ago. It&#39;s planning to be carbon neutral &mdash; not contributing to the warming of the climate at all &mdash; by 2040.</p><p>And last month, Mars joined with nine other global food companies, including General Mills, Unilever and Nestle, who released a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ceres.org/press/press-releases/global-food-companies-unite-on-climate-action">letter</a>&nbsp;calling climate change a threat to the world&#39;s food supply. The food giants endorsed steps that would limit the planet&#39;s temperature increase to no more than 2 degrees Celsius. (Since then, the total number of companies who&#39;ve signed on has grown to 14.)</p><p>According to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ceres.org/about-us/who-we-are/ceres-staff/anne-kelly">Anne Kelly</a>, a senior program director at Ceres, the letter has drawn together a wide range of companies.</p><p>&quot;Some of these are major companies in Republican states, and they&#39;re standing up and saying we need a strong deal,&quot; Kelly says. &quot;This has never happened before.&quot;</p><p>She also points to the logo Ceres created for the letter, which shows fossil fuels underground and windmills on the surface.</p><p>Parkin of Mars says the food industry will be instrumental in fighting climate change. &quot;What those companies are doing is coming together to encourage governments, basically saying to government, &#39;We need you to make similar commitments,&#39; &quot; he says.</p><p>Mars will also have representatives at the global talks in Paris, lobbying for an agreement to put the brakes on a warming climate. It&#39;s an effort to protect their own supplies of raw materials &mdash; and the lives of small cocoa farmers in West Africa.</p><p>Jonathan Mudd, a spokesman for Mars, says the company plans to share its experience cutting carbon emissions in Paris, and try to &quot;drive for some meaningful change, a meaningful outcome to the conference.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/12/01/456369536/as-big-food-feels-threat-of-climate-change-companies-speak-up?ft=nprml&amp;f=456369536" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 12:31:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/big-food-feels-threat-climate-change-companies-speak-114009 From NPR Music, Two Jazz Performances That Wrestle With Race And Policing http://www.wbez.org/news/npr-music-two-jazz-performances-wrestle-race-and-policing-114005 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/christianscott-85e9743e04f6e86efedb813a635f78bb60191e57-s700-c85.png" alt="" /><p><div id="res457904373" previewtitle="Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah plays a Tiny Desk Concert at NPR."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah plays a Tiny Desk Concert at NPR." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/30/christianscott-85e9743e04f6e86efedb813a635f78bb60191e57-s700-c85.png" title="Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah plays a Tiny Desk Concert at NPR." /></div><div><p>Hi Code Switch readers! I&#39;m here from NPR Music, where I mostly cover jazz. I thought you might be interested two big performances we recently featured in which the artists took a moment to talk about police intimidation and violence against African-Americans.</p><p>When Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah &mdash; a bold, new-school sort of trumpeter &mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/event/music/446930666/christian-scott-atunde-adjuah-tiny-desk-concert">played a Tiny Desk Concert</a>&nbsp;for us, he played &quot;Ku Klux Police Department,&quot; which he says stems from a time he was harassed by police officers in his hometown of New Orleans. The full story, and the song that emerged from it, can be heard around 15:40 in this video:</p><p><iframe frameborder="0" height="338" scrolling="no" src="http://www.npr.org/templates/event/embeddedVideo.php?storyId=452102867&amp;mediaId=452103457" width="600"></iframe></p></div></div><p>Many black jazz musicians have been vocal about this subject since (and well before) Ferguson. Terence Blanchard&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/event/music/429766653/terence-blanchard-feat-the-e-collective-tiny-desk-concert">told us recently</a>&nbsp;that his new record was a reaction to the Black Lives Matter campaign. And going further back, no less a superstar than Miles Davis was&nbsp;<a href="http://africasacountry.com/2015/03/whitehistorymonth-when-the-nypd-beat-up-miles-davis/">beaten in public</a>&nbsp;by New York City police officers for, in his telling, failing to &quot;move on&quot; outside a jazz club where he was performing.</p><p>The severe beating of pianist Bud Powell for disorderly conduct&nbsp;<a href="http://wailthelifeofbudpowell.com/powell-chronology/">directly led to&nbsp;</a>mental health issues that would trouble him throughout his career. Thelonious Monk was once refused service at a highway motel while traveling to a gig, leading to a heated exchange. Delaware state troopers showed up, and Monk was&nbsp;<a href="http://archive.delawareonline.com/article/20091207/OPINION03/912070308/Thelonious-Monk-Delaware-take-2">beaten, arrested</a>, and detained. In the fallout, he was hospitalized in a psychiatric ward, and his New York City cabaret license was revoked,&nbsp;meaning he couldn&#39;t play in nightclubs.</p><p>Monk&#39;s next performance in New York City took place half a year later at a theater called Town Hall (one of the few venues not under the purview of&nbsp;<a href="http://jazztimes.com/articles/30069-the-cabaret-card-and-jazz">cabaret card legislation</a>). The pianist Jason Moran has assembled&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/event/music/446866440/jason-moran-plays-thelonious-monks-town-hall-concert">a concert-length re-imagining</a>&nbsp;of that particular performance, which we filmed for the public media program&nbsp;Jazz Night In America. Jason sat down to reflect about Monk&#39;s experience &mdash; and how it relates to his own. Watch from 20:10 specifically:</p><p><iframe frameborder="0" height="338" scrolling="no" src="http://www.npr.org/templates/event/embeddedVideo.php?storyId=452102867&amp;mediaId=452103495" width="600"></iframe></p><p>We often think about jazz history as a stylistic narrative, a succession of great masters who contributed a series of new innovations. But that view has a way of omitting the day-to-day experiences of jazz&#39;s practitioners. These two moments are a reminder that this history has resonance in the present day as well.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/12/01/452102867/from-npr-music-two-jazz-performances-that-wrestle-with-race-and-policing?ft=nprml&amp;f=452102867" target="_blank"><em> via NPR&#39;s Code Switch</em></a></p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 11:51:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/npr-music-two-jazz-performances-wrestle-race-and-policing-114005 You'll Never Guess The Most Charitable Nation In The World http://www.wbez.org/news/youll-never-guess-most-charitable-nation-world-114002 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-484907198_custom-90fe061c55612da4a584a5573ccdce0e5d8254d5-s700-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457101520" previewtitle="On the road to Buddhist monkhood, young novices chant mantras and collect alms on a street in Yangon, Myanmar."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="On the road to Buddhist monkhood, young novices chant mantras and collect alms on a street in Yangon, Myanmar." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/23/gettyimages-484907198_custom-90fe061c55612da4a584a5573ccdce0e5d8254d5-s700-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="On the road to Buddhist monkhood, young novices chant mantras and collect alms on a street in Yangon, Myanmar. (N. Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><p>And the winner for most charitable nation in the world is ... Myanmar. Coming in second: the United States.</p></div></div><p>If you&#39;re scratching your head, one reason may be that the ranking confounds the common perception &quot;that generosity and wealth are connected to one another,&quot; says Adam Pickering. He&#39;s the international policy manager of the London-based Charities Aid Foundation (CAF), which publishes the annual&nbsp;<a href="https://www.cafonline.org/about-us/publications/2015-publications/world-giving-index-download">World Giving Index</a>, now in its sixth year. Only five of the&nbsp;<a href="https://g20.org/about-g20/g20-members/">G20 countries</a>&nbsp;appear in the top 20, he points out. So &quot;even though you might think it would,&quot; wealth does not necessarily translate into greater generosity.</p><div id="con457434874" previewtitle="graphic"><div id="res457434845"><div id="responsive-embed-world-giving-20151124"><iframe align="right" frameborder="1" height="740px" marginheight="0" scrolling="no" src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/world-giving-20151124/child.html?initialWidth=238&amp;childId=responsive-embed-world-giving-20151124&amp;parentUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.npr.org%2Fsections%2Fgoatsandsoda%2F2015%2F11%2F28%2F457101304%2Fyoull-never-guess-the-most-charitable-nation-in-the-world%3Fft%3Dnprml%26f%3D457101304" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;" width="310"></iframe></div></div></div><p>Another reason is that it&#39;s not the total amount of money given that the index is measuring. It&#39;s the act of giving itself, in the form of three specific charitable&nbsp;behaviors.The Gallup World Poll asked people from 145 countries: In the last month, have you donated money to a charity; volunteered time to an organization; helped a stranger or someone you didn&#39;t know who needed help? When the results to all three questions were averaged, Myanmar came out on top.</p><p>Still, why Myanmar? The answer lies in the strong influence of the particular form of Buddhism (called&nbsp;<a href="http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/whats-thera.htm">Theravada</a>) practiced there, according to&nbsp;<a href="http://cardiff.academia.edu/PaulFuller">Paul Fuller</a>, lecturer in Buddhist Studies at the University of Cardiff. Throughout the country, he explained in an email, &quot;The notion of &#39;generating merit&#39; is very pervasive.&quot; The belief is that whatever you do here, in this life, will have consequences for your next life, he explains. Thus, the more merit you acquire now, the more you increase your chances of your next life being a good one.</p><p>Acquiring merit in different ways &mdash; such as meditation or ethical acts &mdash; is important in all forms of Buddhism. But in Myanmar, special emphasis is placed on acts of giving. And the most common manifestation is making daily offerings of alms or food to monks &mdash; so much so that they have become what Fuller calls &quot;an essential religious practice.&quot;</p><p>May Oo Lwin, who is originally from Myanmar and visits there frequently with her husband, Paul Fuller, says, &quot;&#39;There&#39;s a strong culture of giving, not necessarily an obligation but more like giving what one can possibly contribute to those in need. It doesn&#39;t have to be big but something meaningful and something you could do to help a bit. In that way, you are doing a good deed, [you] generate some merit as a family and making [the recipients] happy brings happiness to you as well.&quot;</p><div id="res457140605">For example, when Lwin and Fuller visited Myanmar in April, they made a point of going to an orphanage that cared for children who had lost their mothers to AIDS and made an offering of several hundred dollars. &quot;I wanted to do something nice and meaningful as a family as we have never done it before,&quot; Lwin wrote in an email. &quot;I thought of our children who are so lucky compared to those children who are being deprived of so many things.&quot;</div><p>This tradition of giving can be traced through the country&#39;s art, says&nbsp;<a href="http://www.niu.edu/art/Faculty/Art-History/catherine-raymond.shtml">Catherine Raymond</a>, associate professor, Southeast Asian Art and Director, Center for Burma Studies at Northern Illinois University. &quot;Religion and culture are intertwined there,&quot; she says &mdash; evident&nbsp;in the inscriptions of donations recorded at the entrances to temples dating back to the 11th century. &quot;In Buddhism, there is the notion of&nbsp;dana,&nbsp;which means giving.&quot; It means you &quot;give rice to the monks who come to your door every morning. Or you bring some food to the monastery, or you sponsor a young kid who will come to the monastery, or you build a religious structure or you donate a painting&quot; to it.</p><div id="res457140667">As impressive as this tradition is, in more recent decades, Myanmar has become associated with the repressive military rule that ended only in 2011. And yet this strife may also have served, in a counterintuitive way, to solidify the culture of giving. According to&nbsp;<a href="https://ajws.org/author/jcapeci/">Jenna Capeci</a>, who has worked on projects in Myanmar as director of Civil and Political Rights at American Jewish World Service, the turmoil &quot;has done more to reinforce this culture of charity and resilience because the people could not count on the military junta or local authorities to provide anything for the community.&quot;</div><p>Billie Goodman, who has also worked on Myanmar projects for AJWS, notes that &quot;generations have grown up in the last decades seeing a government that does not provide services or take care of them.&quot; As a result, &quot;what emerged is an incredible resilience and an incredible need to take care of each other.&quot;</p><p>Her examples are myriad. &quot;If you need a road in a rural area, the government is not going to provide it. But you can get together with your neighbors to build it. Education is another example where in a lot of rural areas and ethnic minority areas the schools that exist have been built by community members, who have contributed money to pay for the teachers salaries, they have themselves built the structures, and they are the ones who are doing this. It has been necessary for people to survive, really.&quot;</p><p>It&#39;s an example of solidarity in crisis &mdash; and in giving.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/11/28/457101304/youll-never-guess-the-most-charitable-nation-in-the-world?ft=nprml&amp;f=457101304" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 10:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/youll-never-guess-most-charitable-nation-world-114002 Amid Criticism, Chicago Mayor Announces Police Accountability Task Force, Asks for Supt. McCarthy's Resignation http://www.wbez.org/news/amid-criticism-chicago-mayor-announces-police-accountability-task-force-asks-supt-mccarthys <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_396701442705 (1).jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res457983417" previewtitle="Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy appear at a news conference on Tuesday in Chicago."><div data-crop-type=""><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Rahm: I&#39;ve asked task force to see if oversight, accountability and discipline are as vigorous as they need to be <a href="https://t.co/SHKKXrTSqj">pic.twitter.com/SHKKXrTSqj</a></p>&mdash; Lauren Chooljian (@laurenchooljian) <a href="https://twitter.com/laurenchooljian/status/671739719840047104">December 1, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div><div><div><p>Seeking to calm growing criticism about his administration&#39;s handling of police misconduct cases, Mayor Rahm Emanuel says he will appoint a new &quot;police accountability task force.&quot;</p></div></div></div><p>In a press release, the mayor&#39;s office said the task force &quot;will review the system of accountability, training and oversight that is currently in place for Chicago&#39;s police officers.&quot;</p><p>The Associated Press reported the following:</p><blockquote><div><div><em>Emanuel announced at a news conference Tuesday that he has dismissed Superintendent Garry McCarthy, who only days ago insisted to reporters that the mayor had his &quot;back.&quot;&nbsp;</em><em>Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel announced&nbsp;</em><em>Chief of Detectives John Escalante&nbsp;</em><em>will oversee the police department</em><em>&nbsp;until a permanent replacement is found for the superintendent.</em></div></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Emanuel praised the leadership of outgoing police Superintendent Garry McCarthy.&nbsp;</em><em>But he called it an &quot;undeniable fact&quot; that the public&#39;s trust in the police has been eroded after a public outcry over the handling of the case of a black teenager shot 16 times by a white police officer.</em></div></blockquote><p>Of course, this comes about a week after a court order forced the city to release a video&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/24/457233148/first-degree-murder-charge-for-chicago-police-officer-who-shot-teen">showing the police shooting death of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald</a>. The black teenager was gunned down on Oct. 20, 2014.</p><p>The video shows Officer Jason Van Dyke shoot McDonald 16 times shortly after Van Dyke stepped out of his vehicle. Right before the video&#39;s release on Nov. 24, prosecutors announced they would charge Van Dyke with first-degree murder.</p><p><img alt="Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy appear at a news conference on Nov. 24th in Chicago." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/12/01/ap_876247798217_custom-511b86f3d231c857bf6fe1d9821a7719a02ea4c9-s700-c85.jpg" style="text-align: center; height: 201px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy appear at a news conference on Nov. 24th in Chicago. (Charles Rex Arbogast/AP)" /></p><p>Since then, <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/hundreds-block-retail-entrances-protest-laquan-mcdonald-investigation-113965" target="_blank">protesters have taken to the streets</a>, and many people &mdash;&nbsp;<a href="http://chicago.suntimes.com/editorials-opinion/7/71/1141676/editorial-time-chicagos-top-cop-step">including the editorial board of the&nbsp;<em>Chicago Sun-Time</em>s</a>&nbsp;&mdash; have called on McCarthy to quit or for Emanuel to fire him. Others have asked for Emanuel&#39;s resignation, accusing the city of attempting to cover up the shooting by trying to block the video&#39;s release for about a year.</p><p>Emanuel defended McCarthy&#39;s tenure, saying that he had brought crime rates down using community policing tactics. Still, the mayor said, a police chief is only as &quot;effective as the trust that the community&quot; places in him.</p><p>&quot;Now is the time for fresh eyes and new leadership,&quot; Emanuel said.</p><p>He added that his administration had opposed the release of the video to ensure the integrity of the investigation into the incident.</p><p>Emanuel was asked if he had been trying to block the release so that it wouldn&#39;t hurt his bid for re-election ahead of the vote last spring.</p><p>&quot;I said a long time ago that upon the completion of the investigation, the video would be released,&quot; Emanuel said. The video, he said, was released hours after the investigation was completed and charges were filed.</p><p>The mayor said federal authorities were looking into the McDonald&#39;s shooting and so would this new task force.</p><div><p><em>The Associated Press contributed to this report.</em></p><p>&mdash;<em><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/12/01/457981923/amid-criticism-chicago-mayor-will-announce-police-accountability-taskforce" target="_blank">&nbsp;via NPR</a></em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 01 Dec 2015 09:26:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/amid-criticism-chicago-mayor-announces-police-accountability-task-force-asks-supt-mccarthys