WBEZ | sexual assault http://www.wbez.org/tags/sexual-assault Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en WATCH: New Zealand female MPs silenced in Parliament after disclosing sexual assaults http://www.wbez.org/news/watch-new-zealand-female-mps-silenced-parliament-after-disclosing-sexual-assaults-113745 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/screengrabguardian.JPG" alt="" /><p><div id="res455626791" style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://embed.theguardian.com/embed/video/world/video/2015/nov/11/mps-ordered-to-leave-debating-chamber-after-sharing-experiences-of-sexual-assault-new-zealand-video" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;" width="560"></iframe></div><p>Within the formal, wood-paneled walls of the New Zealand Parliament chamber, woman after woman stepped in front of microphones Wednesday to take umbrage at a comment Prime Minister John Key made the day before. The women stood up one by one and &mdash; with some variation &mdash; began her remarks like this: &quot;As a victim of sexual assault...&quot;</p><p>Most of them didn&#39;t get much further.</p><p>&quot;Order, order,&quot; repeated increasingly exasperated Speaker David Carter, who cut off each woman before eventually declaring that any member of Parliament who &quot;flouted&quot; the rules must leave the chamber immediately.</p><p>After more clipped speeches, 14 members of Parliament from the Labour and Green parties were either thrown out or chose to leave the chamber, including four male Parliament members,<em>&nbsp;</em><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/11/new-zealand-female-mps-mass-walkout-pm-rapists-comment"><em>The Guardian</em> reported</a>.</p><p>The protests were sparked by a comment that Key, a member of the National party, made the day before. Key was arguing against the return of New Zealanders detained on Australia&#39;s Christmas Island &mdash; some of whom are said to have been imprisoned for sex offenses and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/oct/17/new-zealand-mp-says-deportations-make-a-mockery-of-anzac-relationship">many for petty crimes</a>. He accused opposition-party members who support the deportations of &quot;backing the rapists.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Some of the [detainees] are rapists, some of them are child molesters, and some of them are murderers,&quot; Key said. &quot;These are the people that the Labour party are saying are more important to support than New Zealanders who deserve protecting when they come back here.&quot;</p><p>About three-quarters of Labour MPs walked out of parliament directly after Key&#39;s comments on Tuesday, along with several Green members, the&nbsp;<em>Guardian&nbsp;</em>adds.</p><p>The following day, a number of female MPs took to the floor to share personal stories of sexual assault and demand that Key apologize.</p><p>The&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&amp;objectid=11543906">New Zealand Herald</a>&nbsp;spoke to Labour MP Poto Williams, who said she took Key&#39;s comments personally.</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot; &#39;He said I supported the act of rape and rapists. That&#39;s how it felt. And other victims would have heard those words directed to them too.&#39;</em></p><p><em>&quot;The Labour MP said she was in an abusive relationship for five years in her early 20s. She had previously only told a handful of family members of her sexual assault.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>Green Party MP Metiria Turei, who said she was assaulted by a stranger in the back of a taxi, also said she was offended by Key&#39;s comments, according to the newspaper.</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;[Turei] did not report the attack to police because she thought no one would believe her, she said.</em></p><p><em>&quot;Mrs Turei said she had chosen to disclose her assault because Mr Key had trivialised rape for political gain.</em></p><p><em>&quot; &#39;There&#39;s a point at which you have to disclose some details to genuinely represent the people who sent us here,&#39; she said.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>Carter said that although Key&#39;s comments on Tuesday were not handled well at the time, he had to silence the MPs because it was too late to demand an apology.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/11/455616054/watch-new-zealand-female-mps-silenced-in-parliament-after-disclosing-sexual-assa?ft=nprml&amp;f=455616054" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 11 Nov 2015 15:57:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/watch-new-zealand-female-mps-silenced-parliament-after-disclosing-sexual-assaults-113745 Margaret Cho starts a conversation about sexual abuse http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-06/margaret-cho-starts-conversation-about-sexual-abuse-113686 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/1106_margaret-cho-624x437.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="attachment_95697"><img alt="Actress Margaret Cho attends The L.A. Gay &amp; Lesbian Center's 2014 An Evening With Women (AEWW) at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on May 10, 2014 in Beverly Hills, California. (Imeh Akpanudosen/Getty Images)" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2015/11/1106_margaret-cho-624x437.jpg" style="height: 434px; width: 620px;" title="Actress Margaret Cho attends The L.A. Gay &amp; Lesbian Center’s 2014 An Evening With Women (AEWW) at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on May 10, 2014 in Beverly Hills, California. (Imeh Akpanudosen/Getty Images)" /><p>Comedian and actress Margaret Cho this week took to social media to talk about a difficult experience from when she was younger. She says that she was raped by an acquaintance and raped and sexually abused by a family member over a period of time.</p></div><p>She started the hashtag&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/search?f=tweets&amp;vertical=default&amp;q=%2312DaysofRage&amp;src=typd" target="_blank">#12DaysofRage</a>&nbsp;and is also coming out with a&nbsp;song and video called &ldquo;I Want to Kill My Rapist.&rdquo;</p></p> Fri, 06 Nov 2015 15:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-11-06/margaret-cho-starts-conversation-about-sexual-abuse-113686 For students accused of campus rape, legal victories win back rights http://www.wbez.org/news/students-accused-campus-rape-legal-victories-win-back-rights-113350 <p><div style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/As%20colleges%20have%20been%20cracking%20down%20on%20campus%20sexual%20assault%2C%20some%20students%20have%20been%20complaining%20that%20schools%20are%20going%20too%20far%20and%20trampling%20the%20rights%20of%20the%20accused%20in%20the%20process..jpg" style="height: 440px; width: 620px;" title="As colleges have been cracking down on campus sexual assault, some students have been complaining that schools are going too far and trampling the rights of the accused in the process. (Alberto Ruggieri/Illustration Works/Getty Images)" /></div><div><p>College students can&#39;t miss the warnings these days about the risk of campus sexual assault, but increasingly, some students are also taking note of what they perceive as a different danger.</p><p>&quot;Once you are accused, you&#39;re guilty,&quot; says Parker Oaks, one of several Boston University students stopped by NPR between classes. &quot;We&#39;re living in a society where you&#39;re guilty before innocent now.&quot;</p><p>Xavier Adsera, another BU student, sounds a similar theme. &quot;We used to not be fair to women on this issue,&quot; he says. &quot;Now we&#39;re on the other extreme, not being fair to guys.&quot;</p><p>As colleges crack down on sexual assault, some students complain that the schools are going too far and trampling the rights of the accused in the process. In recent months, courts around the nation have offered some of those students significant victories, slamming schools for systems that are stacked against the accused.</p><p>&quot;Schools are overcorrecting,&quot; says a student from the University of California, San Diego. &quot;People like me are always getting hurt.&quot;</p><p>The student, who was suspended last spring after a fellow student accused him of sexual assault, asked to remain anonymous to protect his reputation. He says he was shocked by the accusation and denies any nonconsensual contact. He and his accuser had been hanging out, texting, partying and studying together on friendly terms for months after the alleged assault, he says. And he says he still has text messages to prove it, including her messages asking to come over to his place and share drinks, or &quot;pre-game,&quot; together before a party.</p><p>But he says he never had a chance to make his case because the school wouldn&#39;t let him introduce his text messages as evidence, challenge the investigator or effectively cross-examine his accuser.</p></div><p>&quot;I was so angry because that was really my sole opportunity to defend myself,&quot; he says.</p><p>So he took his&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nacua.org/documents/Doe_v_RegentsUCASanDiego.pdf">case to court</a>, filing as John Doe, and won what&#39;s being called a landmark ruling against UC-San Diego. The judge said the school&#39;s process was unfairly skewed against Doe and ordered the school to reinstate him. &quot;While the Court respects the university&#39;s determination to address sexual abuse and violence on its campus,&quot; wrote Superior Court Judge Joel M. Pressman, &quot;the hearing against petitioner was unfair.&quot;</p><p>&quot;I was ecstatic at that point,&quot; Doe says. &quot;It kind of took some b**** for a judge to come out and make the decision that they made, because every single point that we raised about unfairness and lack of evidence, the judge agreed with.&quot;</p><p>&quot;A case like this makes for a really easy lesson to say, &#39;This is what not to do,&#39;, &quot; says Western New England University law school professor Erin Buzuvis, who&nbsp;<a href="http://title-ix.blogspot.com/">blogs about sexual assault</a>&nbsp;and also consults to universities on how to handle allegations. The San Diego ruling is one of a recent flurry of decisions slamming schools for systems stacked against accused students.</p><p>In the past few months, Middlebury College and the University of Southern California were both ordered to reinstate expelled students. So was the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga after a judge ruled the school was basically upending a fundamental principle of justice by making an accused perpetrator prove he wasn&#39;t guilty.</p><p>&quot;I&#39;ve looked at what a university has done and thought, &#39;Oh, gosh, what are you thinking?&#39; &quot; Buzuvis says.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" in="" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP_120314163508.jpg" style="height: 227px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="This Wednesday, March 14, 2012 photo shows attorney Wendy Murphy in the law library at the New England School of Law in Boston. Murphy, who has filed numerous Title IX complaints on behalf of victims, says colleges cave too easily in the face of threatened lawsuits from students accused of sexual violence. Most victims don't have the resources to pursue lawsuits, which is precisely why Title IX procedures on campus must work for them. That means putting a thumb on the scale in favor of victims - such as the &quot;preponderance of the evidence&quot; standard the Obama administration has said schools must use in adjudicating such cases. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)" />Some 50 challenges lodged by accused students are now in the pipeline; that&#39;s up from about a dozen just two years ago. Even one of the more brazen lawsuits, which claims a kind of reverse discrimination in federal court, recently logged a rare (albeit preliminary) legal victory.</p><p>The case, against Washington and Lee University, argues that overzealous administrators, who are using Title IX to crack down on gender discrimination and sexual assault, are actually violating the federal law at the same time by systematically discriminating against men. Most such cases filed in federal court have failed to get out of the box, but a judge allowed the claim against Washington and Lee to at least survive a first hurdle.</p><p>At the same time, the public conversation around campus sexual assault is beginning to put more focus on due process for accused students, and many campuses have been adding new protections for accused students &mdash; like the right to an attorney.</p><p>Joe Cohn, who&#39;s been advocating for the rights of the accused with the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, says he&#39;s heartened that two new bills on campus sexual assault include robust due-process protections. (The bills are the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/3408">Fair Campus Act</a>&nbsp;and the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/3403">Safe Campus Act</a>.) He says he also sees it as a victory that he &mdash; as an advocate for the accused &mdash; was invited to testify at a recent congressional hearing. But once there, he says, he was struck by how much more the pendulum has yet to swing.</p><p>At the hearing, Democratic Rep. Jared Polis of Colorado wondered aloud why campuses don&#39;t decide cases using a lower standard of evidence. &quot;I mean, if 10 people are accused and under reasonable likelihood standard maybe one or two did it, it seems better to get rid of all 10 people,&quot; he said. Polis has since walked back his comments, saying he &quot;went too far by implying that I support expelling innocent students from college.&quot; But Cohn says he continues to be dismayed that the comment was made and that it drew applause.</p><p>&quot;We are a ways away from reaching the kind of equilibrium that will provide fundamental fairness to everyone involved,&quot; Cohn says.</p><p>In some ways, advocates say, accused students are following much the same path that victims did: first suffering silently, thinking they&#39;re the only ones, then slowly connecting with others, then with attorneys and eventually becoming a force to be reckoned with.</p><p>&quot;The irony isn&#39;t lost on us,&quot; says Sherry Warner-Seefeld, founder of a group called Families Advocating for Campus Equality. &quot;The parallels are uncanny, frankly.&quot;</p><p>Warner-Seefeld started the group a year ago after her son was suspended for sexual assault and then won on appeal. Now, Seefeld says, she can barely keep up with calls from guys in the same situation. Many accused students see themselves as victims, she says, and they feel as traumatized as victims of sexual assault.</p><p>&quot;If we dare to suggest such a thing, there are a number of people that go pretty hysterical about that,&quot; she says. &quot;But we know for a fact that there are huge amounts of depression [among students who have been accused and punished after a hearing they claim was unfair].&quot;</p><p>Warner-Seefeld says she&#39;s encouraged by what she sees as a new trend in the courts. She says there&#39;s no question that schools have historically had a problem: automatically doubting and blaming accusers. And she&#39;s quick to add that it&#39;s still an issue. But schools need to fix that, she says, without creating a new problem by automatically doubting and blaming the accused.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/10/15/446083439/for-students-accused-of-campus-rape-legal-victories-win-back-rights?ft=nprml&amp;f=446083439"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Thu, 15 Oct 2015 10:31:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/students-accused-campus-rape-legal-victories-win-back-rights-113350 Patrick Kane speaks as Blackhawks open up training camp http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-18/patrick-kane-speaks-blackhawks-open-training-camp-112980 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/patrick kane ap.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>If there&rsquo;s one thing we know about the Patrick Kane situation it&rsquo;s that we&rsquo;ll know more later.</p><p>Blackhawks team president John McDonough repeatedly told reporters at a press conference Thursday that the team was unable to answer questions at this time about the team&rsquo;s star winger who&rsquo;s alleged to have sexually assaulted a woman in early August. Kane was also at the press conference. He said he&rsquo;ll be absolved but didn&rsquo;t say much more.</p><p>The event was held to mark the official opening of Blackhawks training camp in South Bend. WBEZ&rsquo;s sports contributor <a href="https://twitter.com/Crayestout?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Cheryl Raye Stout</a> was at the press conference and joins us with the details.</p></p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 11:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-18/patrick-kane-speaks-blackhawks-open-training-camp-112980 Morning Shift: September 3, 2015 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/morning-shift-september-3-2015-112826 <p><p>We delve into the big news that broke overnight that Mayor Rahm Emanuel is mulling the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/mayor-emanuel-ask-mega-property-tax-hike-112822">largest property tax increase</a> in modern Chicago history.</p><p>Then, there&rsquo;s just a few more days of summer vacation for a good number of kids who&rsquo;ll be returning to class on Tuesday after Labor Day. Lots of college students are already back at school and did you know the period between fall semester and Thanksgiving for them is called the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/new-school-year-unfortunately-means-new-accusations-sexual">Red Zone</a>? That&rsquo;s because more sexual assaults happen on U.S. college campuses during that period than at any other time during the school year. We hear why that is and what&rsquo;s being done to help young men <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/teaching-young-men-fight-rape-culture-112824">change certain attitudes about masculinity</a> &mdash; attitudes many argue can lead to sexual assaults.</p><p>And there is a <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/cps-students-start-production-company-englewood-tech-hub-112823">group of students </a>who attend Chicago&rsquo;s Simeon Career Academy who helped start a web production company. They hope their move encourages other young black students to become entrepreneurs.</p><p>We wrap up the show with the story of Chicago businessman and philanthropist <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/new-film-focuses-local-leader-who-make-waves-civil-rights-movement">Julius Rosenwald</a>. There&rsquo;s a new documentary chronicling his involvement with Sears, Booker T. Washington and African American arts.</p></p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 13:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/morning-shift-september-3-2015-112826 New school year unfortunately means new accusations of sexual assaults http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/new-school-year-unfortunately-means-new-accusations-sexual <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/notre dame Paul J Everett.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Red Zone is the term used to describe the period from the start of the fall semester through Thanksgiving break when college students are most at risk of being sexually assaulted. School has been in session for less than two weeks and the University of Notre Dame has already seen two reports of sexual assault on campus and one of sexual battery. The news comes just as the university launched &ldquo;Green Dot,&rdquo; a new sexual assault education program. In the wake of the alleged incidents, St. Joseph County Prosecutor Ken Cotter urged anyone who has been sexually assaulted to report the crime. Here with more details on this story is <a href="http://www.abc57.com/story/29926697/two-rapes-one-sexual-battery-reported-for-notre-dame-opening-weekend">ABC 57 reporter</a> Caleigh Bourgeois.&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 13:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/new-school-year-unfortunately-means-new-accusations-sexual Teaching young men to fight rape culture http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/teaching-young-men-fight-rape-culture-112824 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/z center.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Sadly, the recent allegations at Notre Dame are all too familiar.</p><p>According to one survey, as many as one in five female college students will experience a sexual assault or attempted sexual assault before she graduates. In most cases, the perpetrator is one of her male classmates. Now, there are plenty of programs, books and self defense classes that set out to teach women how to stay safe on campus. But we rarely hear about what&rsquo;s being done to teach college aged men to not be a sexual predator.</p><p>There&rsquo;s a relatively new program in north suburban Gurnee called &ldquo;Unmasking Masculinity,&rdquo; and its goal is to &ldquo;rebuild what it means to be a man.&rdquo; The program was developed by Danielle Gordon, who&rsquo;s with Gurnee&rsquo;s <a href="https://www.zcenter.org/">Zacharias Sexual Abuse Center</a>. She joins the program to talk more about how young men can change themselves to root out rape and sexual assault.</p></p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 12:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-03/teaching-young-men-fight-rape-culture-112824 Morning Shift: September 1, 2015 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/morning-shift-september-1-2015-112793 <p><p>Today we take a look at how <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/understanding-legal-aspects-chicago%E2%80%99s-recent-high-profile-sports">coverage of sports figures</a> has changed over the years, in light of recent sexual assault allegations against two of Chicago&#39;s biggest sports names: Patrick Kane and Derrick Rose.</p><p>We also turn the way-back machine to 1995 and 2001...that&rsquo;s when parents in two Chicago neighborhoods went on <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/looking-back-outcomes-chicagos-other-hunger-strikes-over-community">hunger strikes</a> to get new schools for their kids &mdash; it&rsquo;s a scene being repeated now in an effort to save Walter H. Dyett high school in Chicago&rsquo;s Washington Park neighborhood. We check in with Cook County Commissioner Jesus Garicia who played a role in the &#39;95 and &#39;01 strikes, and get his take on the current one.</p><p>And speaking of Dyett...<em>its</em> story, not the city&rsquo;s spending priorities...<a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/dyett-hunger-strike-took-center-stage-first-city-budget-hearing">took center stage</a> at the first city budget hearing last night. WBEZ&rsquo;s Lauren Chooljian recaps the meeting.</p><p>And the world renowned Chicago chamber music ensemble <a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/world-renowned-chamber-group-eighth-blackbird-begins-residency-mca">Eighth Blackbird</a> is in with a preview of the group&rsquo;s residency at the Museum of Contemporary Art, which begins today and runs through June.</p></p> Tue, 01 Sep 2015 12:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/morning-shift-september-1-2015-112793 Understanding the legal aspects of Chicago’s recent high-profile sports star allegations http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/understanding-legal-aspects-chicago%E2%80%99s-recent-high-profile-sports <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/kane APfile.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>There&rsquo;s a scene from the movie Men in Black where the Tommy Lee Jones character stops at a newsstand and starts buying up all the tabloids. He tells his partner that&rsquo;s where the real important stories are. That played out in real life when the National Enquirer became the first publication to report on sports star OJ Simpson&rsquo;s domestic violence incidents with his then wife Nicole Simpson. Of course we all know what unfolded later.</p><p>So how has sports reporting changed since then when it comes to news made by athletes off the field? We thought we&rsquo;d talk about that today in light of the recent sexual assault allegations against two of Chicago&rsquo;s biggest stars. So far, neither Bulls point guard Derrick Rose nor Blackhawks right winger Patrick Kane have been charged with any wrongdoing. Joining us to break down the details of the allegations and how they&rsquo;ve been covered is ESPN.com senior writer and legal analyst Lester Munson and WBEZ&rsquo;s Cheryl Raye Stout.</p></p> Tue, 01 Sep 2015 12:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-09-01/understanding-legal-aspects-chicago%E2%80%99s-recent-high-profile-sports SlutWalk 2015 descends on Chicago http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-24/slutwalk-2015-descends-chicago-112712 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/slut walk David Shankbone.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Rape can&rsquo;t be explained away or excused based on what the victim was wearing. That&rsquo;s the key message of, and reason for, the annual event known as SlutWalk. Participants shine a light on everything from rape culture to sexual harassment to body shaming and more, and work to create a community to fight it. Saturday marked the 5th &ldquo;Slutwalk&rdquo; here in Chicago. HIT 8-24 Slutwalk Chant INTRO One of this year&rsquo;s featured speakers was Kara Crutcher. Crucher is the woman behind Courage Campaign, fighting sexual harassment on the CTA. She&rsquo;s here now to talk about what went down and what she&rsquo;s doing.&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 24 Aug 2015 10:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-24/slutwalk-2015-descends-chicago-112712