WBEZ | White http://www.wbez.org/tags/white Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en In reversal, death rates rise for middle-aged whites http://www.wbez.org/news/reversal-death-rates-rise-middle-aged-whites-113616 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/crowded-street-2_custom-59a144bdb867efec0e3b18f5d42c12aa570cba42-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res454036385" previewtitle="Suicides and drug overdoses have contributed to a marked increase in the mortality rate for middle-aged whites."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Suicides and drug overdoses have contributed to a marked increase in the mortality rate for middle-aged whites." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/02/crowded-street-2_custom-59a144bdb867efec0e3b18f5d42c12aa570cba42-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 412px; width: 620px;" title="Suicides and drug overdoses have contributed to a marked increase in the mortality rate for middle-aged whites. (iStockphoto)" /></div><div><div><p>A decades-long decline in the death rate of middle-aged white Americans has reversed in recent years, according to a surprising new analysis released Monday.</p></div></div></div><p>The cause of the reversal remains unclear. Researchers speculate it might be the result of the bad economy fueling a rise in suicides, plus overdoses from prescription painkillers and illegal drugs like heroin, and alcohol abuse.</p><p>&quot;That could be just a volatile mix that could set off something like this,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="http://scholar.princeton.edu/deaton/home">Angus Deaton</a>, a professor of economics at Princeton University who conducted the research with his wife,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.princeton.edu/~accase/">Anne Case</a>, another Princeton economist.</p><p>Deaton was awarded the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-10-12/princeton-economist-wins-nobel-research-poverty-113299" target="_blank">2015 Nobel Prize in Economics</a>&nbsp;for his work on poverty.</p><p>Overall, the U.S. mortality rate has been falling by about 2 percent a year since the 1970s.</p><p>But the upsurge in suicides and drug overdoses among middle-age whites, among other trends, prompted Deaton and Case to look more closely at this group. They analyzed data from CDC and other sources, including other countries.</p><div id="con454037356" previewtitle="Death rates"><div id="res453992499"><div id="responsive-embed-mortality-20151102"><iframe align="right" frameborder="0" height="700" marginheight="0" scrolling="no" src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/mortality-20151102/child.html?initialWidth=304&amp;childId=responsive-embed-mortality-20151102&amp;parentUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.npr.org%2Fsections%2Fhealth-shots%2F2015%2F11%2F02%2F453192132%2Fin-reversal-death-rates-rise-for-middle-aged-whites%3Fft%3Dnprml%26f%3D453192132" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;" width="300"></iframe></div></div></div><p>&quot;Pretty quickly we started falling off our chairs because of what we found,&quot; says Deaton, whose findings were&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1518393112">published</a>&nbsp;by the<em>&nbsp;Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.</em></p><p>The mortality rate among whites ages 45 to 54 had increased by a half-percent a year from 381.5 per 100,000 in 1999 to 415.4 in 2013, the most recent year for which data are available, the researchers found.</p><p>Even so, the mortality rate for middle-aged African-Americans was higher: 581.9 per 100,000 in 2013. Hispanics fared better with a mortality rate of 269.6 per 100,000 in the same year.</p><p>&quot;There was this extraordinary turnaround&quot; among whites, Deaton says, likening the reversal to a large ship suddenly changing directions.</p><p>Based on the findings, Deaton and Case calculated that 488,500 Americans had died during that period who would have been alive if the trend hadn&#39;t reversed.</p><p>&quot;We&#39;ve been talking about this at various academic meetings and you look around the room and peoples&#39; mouths are just hanging open,&quot; Deaton says.</p><p>&quot;This is a deeply concerning trend,&quot; says Dr. Thomas Frieden, who heads the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention but wasn&#39;t involved in this research. &quot;We shouldn&#39;t see death rates going up in any group in society.&quot;</p><p>The Princeton researchers analyzed data from other Western countries and didn&#39;t see the same trend.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s particularly important that they don&#39;t see it in other countries,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nia.nih.gov/about/staff/dbsr/haaga-john">John Haaga</a>, the acting director of behavioral and social research at the National Institute on Aging, which funded the research. &quot;So something&#39;s clearly going wrong with this age group in America.&quot;</p><p>The trend appears to be being driven by increased mortality among those with the least amount of education.</p><p>&quot;Those are the people who have really been hammered by the long-term economic malaise,&quot; Deaton says. &quot;Their wages in real terms have been going down. So they get into middle age having their expectations just not met at all.&quot;</p><p>It remains unclear why the mortality rate only increased among whites and not African-Americans or Hispanics.</p><p>Deaton and others have a theory about the difference for whites.</p><p>&quot;One possible explanation is that for whites their parents had done better economically and they had been doing pretty well. Then all of a sudden the financial floor dropped out from underneath them,&quot; says&nbsp;<a href="https://www.dartmouth.edu/~jskinner/">Jon Skinner</a>, a professor of economic and medicine at Dartmouth College who co-authored a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1519763112">commentary</a>&nbsp;accompanying the article. &quot;For African-American and Hispanic households things had never been that optimistic and so perhaps the shock wasn&#39;t quite as great.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/11/02/453192132/in-reversal-death-rates-rise-for-middle-aged-whites?ft=nprml&amp;f=453192132" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 03 Nov 2015 12:44:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/reversal-death-rates-rise-middle-aged-whites-113616 I'm white in Barcelona but in Los Angeles I'm Hispanic? http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic-113546 <p><header><figure><div id="file-92880"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/shopping_CROP.jpg?itok=L_CIxlgi" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="(Jonathan Alcorn/Reuters)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p>&nbsp;</p></div></div></figure></header><div><article about="/stories/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic" typeof="sioc:Item foaf:Document"><p><em>&quot;You&#39;re not white, where are you from?&quot;</em></p><p>This is how I was greeted a few months ago by a young Black man I interviewed in Los Angeles for a story I was working on.</p><p>Having lived in the United States for more than six years, the question did not surprise me, as it was not the first time I had to answer it.</p><p>I was born and raised in Barcelona, in northeast Spain, and although I had never given much thought to this matter, I always thought I was white. With dark Mediterranean features, but white.</p><p>How else could I define myself if someone asked me about my race?</p><p>In 2009, I moved to Miami&nbsp;and soon I became aware of the deep racial divide that still exists in this country. In America, the definition of what being white means is much more limited than in Spain.</p><p>Genetically speaking, we Spaniards are a mix of the different civilizations that have settled in the Iberian Peninsula throughout the centuries: the Visigoths from northern Europe, the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans from the&nbsp;Mediterranean region and the Moors from northern Africa.</p><p>That&#39;s&nbsp;why in the same family you can have someone with blond hair and blue eyes and someone with darker features.</p><p>In Spain we have had cases of racism in football stadiums and other instances, but race is not something we talk about. Unlike in other countries, in official documents you are never asked to choose your racial background.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe align="middle" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" scrolling="no" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ocxUDGl4dNE?rel=0" width="540"></iframe></p><p style="text-align: justify;">When I moved to the U.S. in 2009, because I am from Spain I was labeled Hispanic or Latino, a category that has been used by the U.S. government from the 1970s to define the people from Spanish-speaking countries. Without debating the accuracy of those words, there is agreement that Latino refers to a common language and cultural heritage.</p><p style="text-align: justify;">Nevertheless, many in the U.S. mistakenly believe that Latino it is also a racial category.This became evident to me when in 2013 I moved to California to work as a correspondent for BBC Mundo. Chatting with my new colleagues in the office &mdash; most of whom are British, Australians and Americans of Anglo-Saxon descent &mdash; I realized that they made a distinction between them, the whites, and we, the Latinos or &quot;browns.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Brown&quot; is the word used in the U.S. to describe the race of those who are neither white nor black.</p><p>In California, I have had similar experiences with some interviewees and with some of my American friends, who talk about &quot;white people&quot; as a group to which I do not belong.</p><p>Last time I visited my family in Spain, I told my mother that in California they do not consider me white.</p><p>&quot;What do they think your are then?&quot; she asked me.</p><p>&quot;Latino,&quot; I said.</p><p>&quot;Latino? But you are not from Latin America. You are from Europe. This Americans are crazy,&quot; she told me.</p><p>Since coming here, I&#39;ve asked myself this question many times: <em><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T847sn72od4" target="_blank">Why is it so difficult for some in this country&nbsp;to understand that Hispanics are a multiracial community</a>, and that there are also white Hispanics, as well as black Hispanics or Asian Hispanics?</em></p><p>The truth is that many Americans of Anglo-Saxon descent do not consider white anyone coming from Latin America or Spain, unless they have blue eyes and blond hair, and sometimes not even those &mdash; if they speak Spanish.</p><p>To make sure that what I&#39;m telling you is true, a few months ago I did an experiment with one of my English colleagues from the BBC in Los Angeles.</p><p>&quot;If you had to fill out the census form for me, which racial category would you choose?&quot; I asked him.</p><p>He looked at me and said: &quot;Well, you&#39;re not white nor black ... Hispanic maybe?&quot; he said.</p><p>I told him that &quot;Hispanic&quot; is not a race but an ethnic category and a little bit confused he replied: &quot;You&#39;re right, so I do not know.&quot;</p><p>I got a similar reply from a colleague who is of Mexican descent, who after staring at my face for a few seconds trying to find the answer to my question in my facial features, chose &quot;Hispanic&quot; as my race.</p><p>I believe that my confusion about which race I belong to is shared by many Hispanics living in the U.S.</p><p>In the 2010&nbsp;census, 53 percent of Hispanics identified themselves as whites.</p><p>A curious fact of that survey is that between 2000 and 2010, 2.5 million Latinos &mdash; of a total population of over 50 million &mdash; changed their race, becoming white.</p><p>U.S. media interpreted those figures as a sign that Hispanics aspire to join the white majority, as Italians and Irish people did a century ago, when they were not universally considered white because of their Catholic background.</p><p>In my case, I interpret those statistics as an example of the privileges that whites have enjoyed in the U.S. since the country was founded, and the discrimination that still affects racial minorities who aspire to change race, if only on paper.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/8750313731_e31de388c2_z.jpg" style="height: 344px; width: 620px;" title="(flickr/George A. Spiva Center for the Arts)" /></div><p>Does it matter that in the U.S. you are not considered white?</p><p>I would like to think not, but the reality tells a very different story.</p><p>For me, living in this country has taught me the many nuances that still exist when it comes to talking about race, a concept in itself controversial, considered outdated by many, but that here is as valid as ever.</p></article></div><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Wed, 28 Oct 2015 16:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/world/2015-10-28/im-white-barcelona-los-angeles-im-hispanic-113546 Why so few white kids land in CPS — and why it matters http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/why-so-few-white-kids-land-cps-%E2%80%94-and-why-it-matters-111094 <p><p>Legal segregation may be over in Chicago, but <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/race-out-loud/segregated-education-k-12-100456" target="_blank">racial isolation is well documented</a> in Chicago Public Schools.&nbsp;</p><p>CPS can <a href="http://www.cps.edu/Pages/MagnetSchoolsConsentDecree.aspx" target="_blank">no longer use race</a> as an admittance factor and more and more students are <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/education/more-chicago-kids-say-no-their-neighborhood-grammar-school-110604" target="_blank">eschewing their neighborhood schools</a> for other options. Education watchers argue there&rsquo;s a two-tier system in the district, and that <a href="http://www.wbez.org/eight-forty-eight/2012-04-25/chicagos-middle-class-not-interested-hidden-gem-high-schools-98519" target="_blank">attracting middle-class families</a> is a Sisyphean task.</p><p>Our segregated school system compelled the following Curious City question from a woman who wanted to remain anonymous:</p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><em>What percentage of white Chicago school age children attend public school?</em></p><p>Well, the short answer is 51 percent... according to the Census.</p><p>So roughly half of all white children who <em>could </em>go to CPS do, while the other half gets their education somewhere else. By comparison, the number of African-American school-age children who attend CPS is higher than 80 percent.&nbsp;</p><p>Part of this can be explained by a huge gap in the total number of eligible students based on race. More on that later, but first, let&rsquo;s take a closer look at how white parents decide where to send their kids to school.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Where should our kids go to school?</span></p><p>Of course, choosing where to enroll your child in school is an intense and private family decision. Some parents want their children to get a religious education, others want better resources, and sometimes where to go to school is simply a matter of logistics.</p><p>Alice DuBose lives in Andersonville and says she never had a problem with the neighborhood public school. But she did have a problem with its location relative to her job.</p><p>When her children were in elementary school, DuBose worked at the University of Chicago. She enrolled her three children in the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools on campus.</p><p>&ldquo;I could drop the kids off in the morning and go on to work and it was really great when I was working here because then I could just go over and see my daughters, participate in classroom activities to it was absolutely fantastic in that way,&quot; DuBose said.&nbsp;&quot;It was more convenient. If we had gone to a neighborhood school, I could&rsquo;ve never participated in classroom activities.&quot;</p><p>It also didn&rsquo;t hurt that Laboratory is a well-regarded private school with lots of resources. Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s children go there.</p><p>&ldquo;Lab&rsquo;s terrific,&rdquo; DuBose continued. &ldquo;Great teaching, smaller classrooms. All the things that we all want for our children.&rdquo;</p><p>DuBose&rsquo;s daughters attended there until 8th grade and then went on to attend Whitney Young &ndash; a CPS selective enrollment school. Now DuBose hopes her son follows in their footsteps.</p><p>The reality is many middle-class parents, including those not initially in CPS, jockey to get their children in selective public high schools like Whitney Young.</p><p><span style="font-size:22px;">&lsquo;Support Neighborhood Public Schools&rsquo;</span></p><p>Not far from Lab in Hyde Park, is a white family who was committed to CPS from the very beginning.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/joy%20clendenning%20michael%20scott%20hyde%20park.jpg" title="Joy Clendenning, left, and Michael Scott, right, live in Chicago's Hyde Park neighborhood. All four of their children have enrolled or graduated from a Chicago public school. (WBEZ/Natalie Moore)" /></div><p>Joy Clendenning and Michael Scott live in Hyde Park. They didn&rsquo;t choose the neighborhood because of the schools. Scott grew up there and has strong family ties and Clendenning loves the quirky intellectualism of the area. The couple say they believe in public education and always knew their children would attend CPS. A sign in their window says &lsquo;Support Neighborhood Public Schools.&rsquo;</p><p>All four of their children attended Ray Elementary through sixth grade. The oldest went to Kenwood Academy&rsquo;s 7th and 8th grade academic center and stayed for high school. He&rsquo;s now a freshman at Occidental College. The second oldest is a sophomore at Whitney Young and started in its academic center. Their twins are currently in 8th grade at Kenwood. &nbsp;</p><p>Ray is a neighborhood school that also accepts students outside its attendance boundary through a lottery. 20 percent of its students are white and 55 percent black. Kenwood is the neighborhood high school and is 86 percent black. Their son was one of only a couple of white students in his graduating class.</p><p>&ldquo;Kenwood was a very good place for Sam and we never thought &#39;this was too black,&#39;&rdquo; Scott said.</p><p>Clendenning says they&#39;re concerned about how many schools and neighborhoods are segregated.</p><p>&quot;And we definitely think it&rsquo;s a problem that people in our neighborhood don&rsquo;t give the public schools a serious try,&quot; she added.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/yearbookphoto1.png" title="Sam Clendenning was one of only a handful of white students in his graduating class at Kenwood Academy. (Photo courtesy of Joy Clendenning) " /></div><p>Our Curious City question asker &ndash; who again wants to remain anonymous &ndash; raised a similar point in a follow-up email:</p><blockquote><p><em>I asked this question because I&#39;ve noticed in my small sampling of visiting public schools, other than a few of the magnet schools, it seems that we have a segregated school system along race lines.</em></p></blockquote><p><span style="font-size:22px;">Few school-age white children in the city</span></p><p>We know Chicago is almost equal parts black, Latino and white, but that&rsquo;s not the case when it comes to the city&rsquo;s youth. So while roughly a third of Chicago&rsquo;s total population is white, most of those numbers skew older. That means there aren&rsquo;t that many white school-age children to begin with.</p><p>Of the some 400,000 students enrolled in CPS K-12, 180,274 are Hispanic, 163,595 are black and just 33,659 are white. Even if all 65,259 eligible white students in the city went to CPS, they&rsquo;d still be far outnumbered by students who are black and brown.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/school%20age%20eligibility1.png" title="Data measures K-12 enrollment. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Chicago Public Schools " /></div><p>Why does any of this matter?</p><p>&ldquo;Honestly, when you look at the data, it&rsquo;s very disturbing,&rdquo; Elaine Allensworth told WBEZ. Allensworth is the director of the Consortium on Chicago School Research at the University of Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;Because I do think we think of ourselves as a multi-ethnic city, a city of racial diversity. But then when you look at the numbers and you see how many schools are one-race schools and how segregated schools are based on race, I don&rsquo;t think that&rsquo;s where we want to be as a society,&quot; she said.</p><p>Segregation is made worse by the low number of white students overall.</p><p>&ldquo;We have a lot of neighborhoods in the city that are 90 percent or more African American or less than 10 percent African American. In fact, the vast majority of the city has that degree of racial segregation,&rdquo; Allensworth said.</p><p>In other words, if we don&rsquo;t live together, we don&rsquo;t tend to learn together.</p><p><a href="http://schools.wbez.org/chicagoschools" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/SchoolsPromo1_0_0.jpg" style="float: left;" title="Click to launch 2010 map. " /></a><span style="font-size:22px;">Segregated neighborhoods, segregated schools</span></p><p>Take Mt. Greenwood, for example, on the Southwest Side. 82 percent of the student body is white &ndash;&nbsp;the highest percentage in all of CPS. And that makes sense. Mt. Greenwood, the neighborhood, is a majority white community.</p><p>The same holds true for many majority black communities.</p><p>As a result, the schools that serve the neighborhoods are also highly segregated based on race,&rdquo; Allensworth continued. &ldquo;So we have many many schools in the district that are close to 100 percent African American.&rdquo;</p><p><a href="http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Finteractive.wbez.org%2Fschools%2Fthe-big-sort.html&amp;sa=D&amp;sntz=1&amp;usg=AFQjCNEk2nK5oAwUsugvrZs7E0f7b8ZPzQ" target="_blank">Those poor-performing schools are typically in poor, black communities</a>&nbsp;that are suffering from substantial unemployment and lack of resources.</p><p>&ldquo;When we look at which schools are struggling the most, they are in the absolutely poorest neighborhoods in the city. &nbsp;We&rsquo;re talking about economic segregation,&rdquo; Allensworth said.&ldquo;There are other schools in affluent African-American communities that do not face the same kind of problems.&rdquo;</p><p>Segregated schools have always been an issue in Chicago, but it <em>looked </em>different back in the day.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/1964%20to%202013%20draft3.png" title="Sources: Chicago Public Schools Racial Ethnic Surveys and Stats and Facts" /></div></div><p>In the 1960s, CPS&rsquo;s student body was roughly 50 percent white and 50 percent black. Over time white students in the district steadily disappeared. Many neighborhoods transitioned from white to black. Depopulation also played a role.</p><p><span style="text-align: center;">In 1975, whites made up about 25 percent of the student body. By 2013 only 9 percent of CPS students were white.</span></p><p>WBEZ asked CPS officials to weigh in on these numbers. They failed to address the segregation issue and emailed some boilerplate language about &ldquo;serving a diverse population.&rdquo;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CPS 2013 pie chart3.png" style="height: 361px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Source: Chicago Public Schools Race/Ethnic Report School Year 2013-2014" /><span style="font-size:22px;">Where are the white students in CPS?</span></p><p>Again, we know half of white school-age children in Chicago attend CPS. But the question of where they go in CPS is also something that piqued the curiosity of our question asker.</p><p>She wondered if they are disproportionately attending magnet and other selective enrollment schools.</p><p>The answer appears to be, yes.</p><p>Overall, 9 percent of the CPS student population is white. But it&rsquo;s more than double that at magnet, gifted and classical elementary schools. And in the eight selective enrollment high schools &ndash; like Whitney Young &ndash; nearly a quarter of students are white.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a very small number of students though because those schools don&rsquo;t serve a large number of students,&rdquo; according to Elaine Allensworth. &ldquo;We really haven&rsquo;t seen that much of a shift in terms of attracting more white students [overall].&rdquo;</p><p>Although our question asker focused on white students, there&rsquo;s another racial shift worth mentioning.</p><p>Beyond black and white, the real story of CPS today may be that it&rsquo;s becoming more Latino.&nbsp;</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/nmoore-0" rel="author" target="_blank">Natalie Moore</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s South Side Bureau reporter. Follow Natalie on <a href="https://plus.google.com//104033432051539426343" rel="me" target="_blank">Google+</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/natalieymoore" target="_blank">Twitter</a>.</em></p><p><em style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">Correction: An earlier version of this story misstated the requirements for attending Ray Elementary. It is a neighborhood school that accepts students outside its attendance boundaries through a lottery, not testing.</em></p></p> Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/why-so-few-white-kids-land-cps-%E2%80%94-and-why-it-matters-111094 Minority youths consume more media than their counterparts http://www.wbez.org/story/minority-youths-consume-more-media-their-counterparts-87579 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-June/2011-06-08/Untitled.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A <a href="http://web5.soc.northwestern.edu/cmhd/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/SOCconfReportSingleFinal-1.pdf">new Northwestern University study</a> says minority youth ages eight to 18 spend more than half their day consuming media content – a rate that's 4.5 hours greater than their white counterparts.</p><p>The <em>Children, Media and Race: Media Use Among White, Black, Hispanic and Asian American Children</em> report released Wednesday says that minority youths are more likely to spend up to 2 hours more per day watching TV, one hour more per day listening to music, 90 minutes more per day using a computer, and up to 40 minutes more per day playing video games than do their white counterparts.</p><p>Reading for pleasure in pre-teens and teens was equal across races, averaging at 30 to 40 minutes a day. But for children six and under, it was more likely that children of white parents were reading or read to every day.</p><p>Multitasking among youth has been adopted as equal rates; around four in ten white, black and Hispanic 7th to 12th graders said that they use another medium “most of the time” they’re watching television.&nbsp;</p><p>Surprisingly, parental structures did not predict total media exposure. The study found that most parents do not set limits on the amount of time children can spend interacting with media for pleasure.</p><p>Within the use of these media, however, white parents were more likely to set rules for what their children could consume, including television programs watched, internet sites used, and their visibility on social networking sites like Facebook.</p><p>Co-author <a href="http://www.communication.northwestern.edu/faculty/?PID=EllenWartella&amp;type=alpha">Ellen Wartella</a>, head of Northwestern University’s Center on Media and Human Development, says the study is not meant to blame parents but should serve as a wake-up call. She says increased parental involvement could mitigate potential problems, including child obesity.</p><p>The study authors argued that considering the role of media in the lives of children is incredibly important, noting that “the purpose of this report is to briefly hit a national ‘pause’ button: to stop and take note of these differences, to consider the possible positive and negative implications for young people’s health and well-being, and to reflect on how each of us can respond in our own realm.”</p></p> Wed, 08 Jun 2011 15:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/minority-youths-consume-more-media-their-counterparts-87579