WBEZ | Chile http://www.wbez.org/tags/chile Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Worldview: Chile debates legalizing abortion http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-15/worldview-chile-debates-legalizing-abortion-111877 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/photo%20for%20web%20page.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200983402&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Chilean president pushes for changes to abortion law</span></p><p>Last month a 25 year old woman was arrested in the Chilean city of Calama, after she was treated for what a doctor suspected was a deliberately induced an abortion. Abortion is illegal in Chile, even in cases of rape. It became illegal at the end of the Pinochet military dictatorship. Now, legislation is being considered that would make it available in some limited circumstances. Easing the restrictions has been a priority for Chilean president Michelle Bachelet, who is a pediatrician but the legislation faces strong opposition. Lessie Jo Frazier, professor of American Studies and Gender Studies at Indiana University and author of<em> Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890-Present</em>, explains the current debate around abortion in Chile.</p><p><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Guest:</strong></p><p><em>Lassie Jo Frazier is a professor of American Studies and Gender Studies at Indiana University and author of the book Salt in Sand: Memory, Violence and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890-Present</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200982455&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Refugees grow fresh produce to feed the public and their families</span></p><p>With social media outrage still swirling around too many limes in one celebrity&rsquo;s food stamp challenge, 100 refugee families are quietly spring cleaning their urban farm on the Northwest Side of Chicago, many to grow their favorite though perhaps divisive vegetable: bitter melon. Linda Seyler, Director of the Global Gardens Refugee Training Farm, in Albany Park joins us to share the season&rsquo;s garden news. Louisa Chu, WBEZ&rsquo;s food contributor, who visited the farm for their end of season BBQ also joins the conversation.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p><em>Linda Seyler is the director of the Global Gardens Refugee Training Farm</em></p><p><em>Luisa Chu is WBEZ&#39;s food contributor</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200982834&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Global Notes: Cambodia, music and the Khmer Rouge</span></p><p><span style="font-size:14px;">Cambodia was perhaps like no other in Asia; Khmer musicians of the era were influenced by western R&amp;B, rock n&#39; roll, Afro Cuban and French pop. They took all these sounds and added a heavy dose of Cambodian musical culture. It all ended on April 17, 1975, the day the Khmer Rouge took over Phnom Penh.&nbsp; Many of the artists&nbsp; where executed or sent away to prison camps to die.&nbsp; This Friday marks the 40th anniversary of that fateful day and the darkness that followed.&nbsp;</span></p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><em>Tony Sarabia is the host of &nbsp;Morning Shift and Radio M on WBEZ.</em></p></p> Wed, 15 Apr 2015 13:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-15/worldview-chile-debates-legalizing-abortion-111877 Russian troops reportedly in Ukraine http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-13/russian-troops-reportedly-ukraine-111097 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP2079510166.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Tension in Eastern Ukraine is escalating as NATO reports Russian troops have crossed the border into Ukraine. Matthew Rojansky, director of the Kennan Institute at the Wilson Center, gives us an update.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-russian-troops-reportedly-in-ukraine/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-russian-troops-reportedly-in-ukraine.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-russian-troops-reportedly-in-ukraine" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Russian troops reportedly in Ukraine" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:18:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-13/russian-troops-reportedly-ukraine-111097 Exploring Chile's legacy of activist singer-songwriters http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/exploring-chiles-legacy-activist-singer-songwriters-99462 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/3134932531_0e21d9343b_z.jpg" title="Chico Trujillo, a ten member ensemble made up of former punk rockers, performs in 2008. (Flickr/Carlos Varela) " /></div></div></div><p>Chile has a long-standing tradition of activist singer-songwriters&nbsp;who have led entire Latin American musical movements, beginning with the seminal work of assassinated poet-songwriter Victor Jara. In the 1970s Jara was one of the pioneers of the conscious music movement called &quot;New Latin American Song.&quot;</p><p>This week&#39;s <em>Global Notes</em> highlights a variety of Chilean artists. Several are heading to Chicago this summer.</p><p>The pioneer roots rockers Los Jaivas have been active for more than three decades. An iconic group that is revered in their homeland, they rocked out at the 2012 edition of Lollapalooza Chile and will bring their distinctive Andean-rooted activist folk rock tunes to Lollapalooza 2012 in Chicago.</p><p>Grammy-nominated <a href="http://www.myspace.com/anitatijoux" target="_blank">Ana Tijoux,</a> the poetess rapper and daughter of exiled activists who grew up in France, has been a highly active participant in Chilean student protests. Tijoux plays at Millennium Park as part of the <a href="http://www.explorechicago.org/city/en/things_see_do/event_landing/events/dca_tourism/DTS072312.html" target="_blank">Downtown Sound</a> series.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/VAayt5BsEWg" width="560"></iframe></p><p><a href="http://www.myspace.com/chicotrujillo/blog/514604816" target="_blank">Chico Trujillo</a>, a ten-member ensemble founded by ex-punk rockers, adds ska and reggae to their frantic, highly energetic cumbias. This band embodies Chile&rsquo;s loose, wild and free post-dictatorship energy. Chico Trujillo also returns to Chicago as part of Downtown Sound.</p><p>Finally, Barcelona-based Chilean mix-master <a href="http://www.myspace.com/djraffael" target="_blank">D.J. Raff&#39;s</a> smart beats go from the wild to the reflective. Along with a stellar line-up of alternative Latino artists from Latin America and Spain, DJ Raff will showcase at the 2012 edition of the <a href="http://www.latinalternative.com/" target="_blank">Latin Alternative Music Conference </a>in New York City this July.</p><p>Track List:</p><p>1. Ana Tijoux - Sacar La Voz<br />2. Los Jaivas - Arauco Tiene Una Pena<br />3. Chico Trujillo - El Gran Pecador<br />4. Dj Raff- Latino and Proud</p></p> Wed, 23 May 2012 09:59:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/exploring-chiles-legacy-activist-singer-songwriters-99462 The other 9/11 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2011-09-08/other-911-91634 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2011-September/2011-09-08/chile coup 2_Flickr_J Mouse.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-September/2011-09-08/Chile coup_Flickr_Sean Hicken.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 323px; margin: 5px;" title="Protestors in London express solidarity with Chile after the 1973 coup. (Flickr/Sean Hicken)"></p><p>This week is already consumed with important and worthy remembrance and discussion about 9/11, what it means, and how far we might still need to travel.</p><p>But I want to take just a moment to acknowledge the very first 9/11, the one that took place in Chile in 1973, when the democratically-elected President Salvador Allende was deposed by a military coup that was heavily supported, with both intelligence and finance, by the U.S. government.<br> <br> In 1973, an American-fueled coup in Latin America was, in many ways, nothing new. In the 20th century alone, there had been multiple coups in Nicaragua, Mexico, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Panama, Cuba, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Brazil...<img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-September/2011-09-08/chile coup 2_Flickr_J Mouse.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 200px; margin: 5px; float: left;" title="Moments before Allende's assassination. (Flickr/Jerry Reghunadh)"><br> <br> The ouster of Allende inspired more coups in the years that followed: Morales Bermudez trumped democracy in Peru in 1975; in 1976 Videla led the dirty war in Argentina that killed thousands; Aparacio Mendez that same year took over in Uruguay.<br> <br> At one point in the '70s, most of Latin America was ruled by dictatorships that were either the direct result of CIA intervention, or received covert U.S. help -- including military and police training at the <a href="http://www.coha.org/whinsec-remains-open-congress-narrowly-fails-to-halt-funding-the-former-school-of-the-americas/%20">School of the Americas</a> for political leaders and security forces.<br> <br> But there was nothing like the ouster of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende%20">Allende</a>, who had been democratically elected, and whose ambitious socialist agenda was a grand experiment. Thousands of people died under Allende's CIA-backed successor, Augusto Pinochet, thousands more disappeared, and even more thousands were jailed and tortured (including former President Michelle Bachelet). To date, Chile is still trying to get info from the U.S. about <a href="http://en.mercopress.com/2011/03/22/us-ready-to-help-chile-solve-human-rights-crimes-but-no-apology-for-1973-events">its role</a> in those dark and terrible days .<br> <br> The aftermath of that coup marked generations of Latin Americans. It should also make Americans, whatever our age, race, class or political party, pause to reflect about our role in the world, about our might as a force of good and evil.</p></p> Thu, 08 Sep 2011 07:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2011-09-08/other-911-91634 Protesters: Pacific trade pact will help export jobs http://www.wbez.org/story/protesters-pacific-trade-pact-will-help-export-jobs-91530 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-September/2011-09-05/PTP march.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>About 500 activists marched Monday afternoon in downtown Chicago to protest U.S. trade negotiations with some Latin American and Asian nations.<br> <br> The march ended at the Hilton Chicago, where delegations from nine countries on Tuesday will begin their eighth round of talks toward what they’re calling the Trans-Pacific Partnership.<br> <br> President Obama’s administration says U.S. aims in the negotiations are jobs and prosperity for the American people. His team says it’s addressing shortfalls of earlier U.S. pacts, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement.<br> <br> That’s not convincing critics. “Thousands of workers here in Chicago and all over the Midwest are out of jobs because of trade agreements like NAFTA,” said Tom Balanoff, president of the Service Employees International Union Illinois Council, at a rally before the march.<br> <br> NAFTA has also “destroyed the livelihoods” of millions of Mexican farmers, Balanoff added. “And what do they tell us in Washington? ‘Let’s keep following those policies.’ ”<br> <br> The protestors say they will deliver 10,000 postcards to negotiators on Tuesday. The cards urge the United States to make sure any deal protects labor rights, the environment and human rights.<br> <br> On Wednesday, AIDS activists are planning to protest proposed treaty provisions that would strengthen pharmaceutical patents. The activists say the patents lock in prices for life-saving medications that poor people can't afford.<br> <br> The Chicago talks are set to run through September 15. Besides the United States, the nations include Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam.</p></p> Mon, 05 Sep 2011 21:08:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/protesters-pacific-trade-pact-will-help-export-jobs-91530 Giant camera will hunt for signs of dark energy http://www.wbez.org/story/2011-08-22/giant-camera-will-hunt-signs-dark-energy-90908 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//npr_story/photo/2011-August/2011-08-23/dark-energy-camera-worker.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A giant and powerful digital camera is about to be shipped from a lab near Chicago to a telescope in Chile to study a mysterious part of the universe called dark energy.</p><p>Dark energy makes up most of our universe, but scientists currently know almost nothing about it except that it seems to be making the expansion of our universe speed up.</p><p>"There's enough data that people know what we don't understand, but there's not enough data to explain it yet," says Brenna Flaugher, a physicist at Fermilab near Chicago, which assembled the Dark Energy Camera. "There's too much room for the theorists to come up with crazy ideas right now. And so there's lots of crazy ideas. And we need data."</p><p>That's where this new 570-megapixel camera comes in. Flaugher says its basic technology would be familiar to anyone who uses a digital point-and-shoot. "The camera that we built is really very similar to the digital cameras you can buy at Walmart or wherever," she says.</p><p>But this camera is big — its guts fill a shiny cylinder that's about the size of a car engine. "This thing weighs almost a ton," says Flaugher.</p><p>And the lenses are huge and heavy, too — with the largest lens about 3 feet across. This camera is also incredibly sensitive.</p><p>After it's mounted on the Blanco 4-meter telescope, high in the Chilean mountains, later this year, the camera will survey a large part of the sky for faint galaxies at the distant reaches of our universe.</p><p>By studying these galaxies, scientists hope to learn more about dark energy. "I think this probably is the first camera that's been designed just to do dark energy," says Flaugher.</p><p><strong>Understanding Dark Energy</strong></p><p>Dark energy was discovered only recently. In 1998, two different research teams saw the first evidence for it as they looked at the light coming to Earth from exploding stars in faraway galaxies.</p><p>"What we were really measuring was how far away the galaxies were, and they were much farther away than they should be, just based on gravitation," says Nicholas Suntzeff, an astronomer at Texas A&amp;M University.</p><p>This meant something was acting against gravity. It's as if you threw a rock up in the air and instead of slowing down and coming back, the rock kept shooting up faster and faster, says Suntzeff.</p><p>"You'd think that would be really weird," he says. "That's antigravity. Well, the same thing happened with the galaxies." As galaxies move apart from each other, they are speeding up, going faster and faster instead of slowing down.</p><p>Suntzeff says it seems as though space itself has a natural ability to push away all other space around it. "That's what the equations are saying, that every piece of space, it's like it doesn't like anything else around it," he explains. "It's constantly pushing everything away."</p><p>As it does that, new space is created in between, Suntzeff says, "but that new space that's created will see the other pieces of space and then push on that, which makes it a process which goes faster and faster and faster."</p><p><strong>'A Disturbing Idea'</strong></p><p>This means the universe is not only expanding — that expansion is speeding up. Suntzeff says it seems that the universe is flying apart, and galaxies will ultimately disappear in the sky — everything will go cold and dark.</p><p>"That's a disturbing idea, both philosophically and theologically," Suntzeff says, noting that the world's religions hold that things either renovate themselves or go to some place with eternal life.</p><p>It's a challenging idea for science, too. Suntzeff recently served on an expert task force established to advise the government on future needs for dark energy research. It concluded that so far, science hasn't come up with any good explanations for why dark energy exists, and it recommended "an ambitious observational program to determine the dark energy properties as well as possible."</p><p>No one can photograph dark energy itself. But Flaugher says the new camera will look for the effects of dark energy by gathering data on more than 300 million galaxies whose faint light has been traveling toward Earth for a very long time.</p><p>"With this camera we'll be able to go back about 6, 7 billion years, so about three-quarters to half-way back to the Big Bang," she says.</p><p>This will let researchers look back at how the universe has been expanding in the past, and see how dark energy may shape the universe's future.</p><div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2011 National Public Radio.</div></p> Mon, 22 Aug 2011 16:58:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/2011-08-22/giant-camera-will-hunt-signs-dark-energy-90908 Milos Stehlik reviews Patricio Guzmán's new film ‘Nostalgia for the Light’ http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-08/milos-stehlik-reviews-patricio-guzm%C3%A1ns-new-film-%E2%80%98nostalgia-light%E2%80%99-88890 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-08/milos.jpeg" alt="" /><p><p><strong><em>Nostalgia for the Light</em> starts today at the <a href="http://www.siskelfilmcenter.org/">Gene Siskel Film Center</a> and runs through July 14th. The film retrospective, <em><a href="http://www.siskelfilmcenter.org/guzman">The Probing Eye of Patricio Guzmán</a></em>, begins at the Siskel Center on July 17th and runs through August 3rd.</strong></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>If you really want to see the stars — go to Chile. Many of the world's best space observatories are situated there. The altitude and quality of light offer the clearest view of the galaxies. <em>Nostalgia for the Light</em>, the new film by Chilean documentarian Patrizio Guzman, explores the cold, awesome beauty of the galaxies as seen from observatories in Chile’s vast Atacama Desert. Known as the driest place on earth, it’s just west of the Andes mountains.</p><p>But secrets revealed to observers by the high-powered telescopes in the Atacama Desert parallel secrets hidden in the dry desert ground: the remains of Pinochet's concentration camps. Mothers, daughters and relatives return, day after day, to sift through the desert in search for their loved-ones’ remains. The harsh desert sun keeps human remains intact -- the desert also preserves intact the remains of pre-Columbian mummies, 19th century explorers, as well as the remains of the political prisoners "disappeared" by the Chilean army after the military coup in September, 1973.</p><p>Patrizio Guzman is 70 years old, and almost all of his films have, as their central theme, the political tragedy of his country which culminated in the death of its president, Salvador Allende, and which was followed by the brutal military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet.</p><p>Guzman's film trilogy, <em>The Battle of Chile</em>, was one of the first films to bring to light this grotesque history in a powerful statement. Though clearly the original intent of <em>The Battle of Chile</em> was to mobilize resistance to Pinochet’s reign of terror on Chile, the films still resonate today as a powerful and brave historical testament. Guzman was no more and no less than a witness to his troubled time. <em>The Battle of Chile</em> was followed by films like Salvador Allende, a moving portrait of the late President who was Guzman's friend, and the films <em>Chile: The Obstinate Memory</em> and <em>The Pinochet Case</em>.&nbsp; These films endeavored to keep this collective memory and history alive. Although Guzman now lives in France, the clearly tortured past of Chile, his native land, dominates as a main theme for most of his films.</p><p><em>Nostalgia for the Light</em> might often be categorized as a documentary. But it is more of a cinematic essay. This film articulates and posits definite philosophical and moral points of view — it tries to connect the search of the heavens with the search for history. How can the Atacama Desert’s dry and vast emptiness support both the clear vision of the universe and still hide the recent past?</p><p>The young astronomer Gaspar Galaz, encapsulates this philosophical disconnect, when he says that “the present doesn't exist.” The reason is because light needs time to travel from its origin to the eye of the viewer. Whenever an astronomer looks at the sky through the telescope, he always sees the past, because of the time it took that image to get to the eyes. The contrast is glaring: while Galaz peers through his telescopes to study galaxies, the women return day after day, sometimes for years -- to comb 40,600 square miles of desert for a tiny bone fragment that might connect them to a lost loved one.</p><p>In <em>Nostalgia for the Light</em>, a woman beautifully articulates this piteous, reverent search when she says, “I wish telescopes didn't just look into the sky, but could also see through the earth so that we could find them.”</p><p>Ultimately, moral and ethical meaning in <em>Nostalgia for the Light</em> comes from the beauty of its images — the starkness of the desert, where the bleached-out bones of those dead but-not-forgotten lay in sharp disparity to the endless depths of the star-laden night sky. In this harsh contrast of perspectives, detail contains the most powerful meaning: the well-oiled gears of an old telescope which enables astronomers to see thousands of light years away with clarity that escapes women who sift through rock and dirt to recover a history — stolen from them by political brutality…</p><p><em>Milos Stehlik’s commentaries&nbsp;reflect his own views and not necessarily those of Facets Multi-Media, Worldview or 91.5 WBEZ. His reviews air on Fridays.</em></p><p><strong>The trailer for <em>Nostalgia for the Light</em>, with English subtitles</strong></p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/7FvhsYCkcN8" width="425" frameborder="0" height="349"></iframe></p></p> Fri, 08 Jul 2011 16:26:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-08/milos-stehlik-reviews-patricio-guzm%C3%A1ns-new-film-%E2%80%98nostalgia-light%E2%80%99-88890 Dam project in Chile's Patagonia region causes mass protests http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-01/dam-project-chiles-patagonia-region-causes-mass-protests-88586 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-June/2011-06-30/5596907836_1df8f850df_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The $3.2 billion <a href="http://www.hidroaysen.cl/eng/" target="_blank">HidroAysen</a> project is a controversial hydroelectric dam complex planned for Chile. The project’s five dams would flood almost 15,000 acres of Patagonian wilderness. Getting the power to market would require transmission lines to gauge a 1,200 mile swath through the forest. Chile’s government says they need the dams to help double the country’s energy output in the next 10 years. But activists against the dams have increasing popular support to stop the project.</p><p>Berklee Lowrey-Evans is a Latin America program associate at <a href="http://www.internationalrivers.org" target="_blank">International Rivers</a>, which works to protect rivers and the communities that depend on them. Ten days ago, a Chilean court suspended work on the dams. Lowrey-Evans tells us what this means for the project's future.</p><h1>&nbsp;</h1></p> Fri, 01 Jul 2011 16:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-01/dam-project-chiles-patagonia-region-causes-mass-protests-88586 Earthquake Physics: By The Numbers http://www.wbez.org/story/chile/2011-03-16/earthquake-physics-numbers-83808 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//Japan Quake Blue Car_Getty_Chris McGrath.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Japan's terrible earthquake once again makes it painfully clear how fragile our existence is in this planet. We seldom stop to think about this, but we are here as guests. Our impressive power, even our capacity for planetary destruction, pales when confronted with the real power of planetary dynamics. We may have learned to harness the power of energy, and are very good at describing regular, periodic natural phenomena, but our ability to predict sudden planetary changes is still in its infancy.</p><p>The February 27, 2010 magnitude 8.8 earthquake in Chile <a href="http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/earth-20100301.html">shortened the duration of a day by 1.26 microseconds</a> (a microsecond is one millionth of a second). The 2004 Sumatran 9.1 earthquake shortened the day by 6.8 microseconds. It is estimated that the March 11 earthquake in Japan, with magnitude 8.9, shortened the length of the day by a bit more than the Chilean one, <a href="http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2011/0314/Japan-earthquake-accelerated-Earth-s-rotation-study-finds">about 1.8 microseconds</a>.</p><p></p><p>The change in day duration is due to a redistribution of Earth's mass. Just as an ice skater can speed up her spin by bringing her arms closer to her body, the shifting of Earth's mass will make it rotate faster. The closer the earthquake is to the equator, the more it will spin up the Earth. And if the Earth spins a bit faster, days are a bit shorter.</p><p>Perhaps even more impressive, initial data indicates that the earthquake shifted the position of Japan's main island by 8 feet. It also shifted the position of Earth's figure axis (the axis long which Earth's mass distribution is balanced, like the balance axis in a see-saw) by about 6.5 inches (17 centimeters). The figure axis is not the same as the north-south axis, around which Earth rotates in space at about 1,000 mph. They are off by about 33 feet. Earthquakes can't shift the north-south axis; only external gravitational forces, such as that exerted by the sun, planets or moon on Earth, could.</p><p>To put us on our right place, it's possible to compare the energy released in an earthquake to that <a href="http://www.jclahr.com/alaska/aeic/magnitude/energy.txt">released by nuclear bombs</a>. A magnitude 9.0 earthquake releases the equivalent of about 2 million Hiroshima bombs, or 31 billion tons of TNT. Of course, earthquakes aren't purposefully targeted at killing people or release radiation—nature doesn't have a plan for us, either way. Unless, of course, earthquakes or other natural disasters damage nuclear power plants, as is happening in Japan.</p><p>Hopefully, the tragedy of recent earthquakes will raise our awareness of our status in this planet and contribute to change our attitude towards it. Copyright 2011 National Public Radio.</p> Wed, 16 Mar 2011 10:45:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/chile/2011-03-16/earthquake-physics-numbers-83808 Alfredo Sfeir Younis on sustainability through community and human transformation http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/alfredo-sfeir-younis-sustainability-through-community-and-human-transformation <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//106616473.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The rescue of 33 Chilean miners last month has sparked a discussion about how we harvest, utilize and sustain our resources. Chilean economist <a target="_blank" href="http://silentpeacemeditation.com/about-alfredo/">Alfredo Sfeir Younis</a> is president of the <a target="_blank" href="http://silentpeacemeditation.com/">Zambuling Institute for Human Transformation.</a> He spent more than 30 years at the World Bank, where he focused on the rights of indigenous peoples, poverty eradication and international trade.&nbsp; He tells us about the rescue effort&rsquo;s impact on Chilean society and shares his views on the proper moral course for global sustainability and development.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div></p> Tue, 09 Nov 2010 16:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/alfredo-sfeir-younis-sustainability-through-community-and-human-transformation