WBEZ | Nigeria http://www.wbez.org/tags/nigeria Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Facebook Safety Checks Arrive in Nigeria, But Some Ask if it's Worth Celebrating http://www.wbez.org/news/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating-113978 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/RTR4XCSI.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/RTR4XCSI.jpg?itok=_yTnTDZC" style="border: 0px; vertical-align: bottom; max-width: 100%; height: 349px; color: rgb(51, 51, 60); font-family: 'Source Sans Pro', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, 'Nimbus Sans L', sans-serif; font-size: 18px; line-height: 27px; width: 620px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);" title="Nigerians held vigils for the girls kidnapped by the extremist group Boko Haram on the one year anniversary of their abduction, April 14, 2015. (Afolabi Sotund/Reuters)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>Nigerians caught up in Boko Haram violence in recent weeks have been able to use Facebook to quickly alert their friends and relatives by using the &quot;safety check&quot; feature.</p></div><p>But not every Nigerian is wowed.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;There are bombings taking place in our country every day and somebody thinks the most important thing to do at this time is to chase Facebook for a flag, or a safety check?&quot; wonders Abuja-based author Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani. &quot;I&#39;m less concerned about the insensitivities of Facebook than I am about the insensitivities of Nigerians about the things happening in our midst.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>In the past, Facebook used safety check primarily during natural disasters.&nbsp;</p><p>But that changed on Nov.&nbsp;13, when Facebook switched on the feature after the Paris terrorist attacks. Many Parisians were quick to use the tool. But others around the world asked why safety check hadn&#39;t been activated earlier, for instance during the double suicide bombings in Beirut the day before.&nbsp;</p><p>Facebook took the criticism and activated the feature last week in Nigeria, after Boko Haram violence in the northeastern city of Yola killed at least 32 people.</p><p>Nwaubani applauds that Facebook decision as a small step forward. But she&#39;d prefer Nigerians everywhere take a bigger step, and acknowledge Boko Haram&#39;s victims, even if those victims they don&#39;t live in Nigeria&#39;s most populated cities.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;You don&#39;t get the sense from reading in the Nigerian newspaper that there are bombings taking place in our country every day&quot; she says. &quot;No newspapers publish the names of these people who are killed.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>Nwaubani says Nigerians could learn from the way Parisians are dealing with extremist violence in the French capital.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;At least when ... the Paris thing happened, the president addressed the media, everybody is shocked, we see the faces of people who were killed, we get to know about their lives,&quot; she notes. &quot;But I don&#39;t know the names of people in Yola, I just hear the numbers.&quot;</p><p>Nwaubani admits the Facebook decision might be a show of respect for Nigeria. But she wonders if the social media platform will now activate its safety check with regularity.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Are they going to do it when there&#39;s another one tomorrow and the next day? These are the sorts of victories that some Nigerians and Africans have come to enjoy. You know, you bully the West into doing something and you consider it a victory,&quot; she says. &quot;I understand that when you live in New York and you&#39;re Nigerian, it&#39;s important for you when you go to work the next day that all your collegues know that Facebook respected your country.&quot;</p><p>Instead Nwaubani is calling on Nigeria&#39;s media to give more attention to Boko Haram violence, and its victims.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Tell us who these people were. Tell us what their lives were like. &nbsp;Let us know that they were human beings,&quot; she says. &quot;Something as little as that could make all the difference.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-27/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating" target="_blank"><em> via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Fri, 27 Nov 2015 18:12:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/facebook-safety-checks-arrive-nigeria-some-ask-if-its-worth-celebrating-113978 Boko Haram is the world's deadliest terrorist organization http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-19/boko-haram-worlds-deadliest-terrorist-organization-113854 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/nigeria ap Muhammed Giginyu web.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>French investigators now say the suspected mastermind behind last Friday&rsquo;s Paris terrorist attacks that killed 129 people was in fact among those killed in a raid yesterday in a Paris suburb. ISIS has been front and center in the news coverage, but the Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram has been killing people at a staggering rate for six years. It&#39;s the group that kidnapped nearly 300 school girls last year.</p><p>The Institute of Economics &amp; Peace released a report yesterday called the <a href="http://www.visionofhumanity.org/sites/default/files/English%20Media%20Release%20GTI%202015.pdf">Global Terrorism Index</a>, which gave Boko Haram the distinction of being the world&rsquo;s deadliest terrorist group. <a href="https://twitter.com/YvonneNdege">Yvonne Ndege</a>, Al Jazeera&rsquo;s West Africa correspondent, tells us more about the group.&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 19 Nov 2015 12:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-19/boko-haram-worlds-deadliest-terrorist-organization-113854 Why Didn't The World Say 'We Are All Kenyans' Last April? http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res456382193" previewtitle="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April. (Simon Maina/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>When you search for #ParisAttacks, you get nearly 2.2 million results on Google.</p></div></div></div><p>When you search for #KenyaAttacks, you get about 300.</p><p>The Parisian response is a reaction to the terrorist attacks last Friday, which took 129 lives and injured far more. People around the world have expressed solidarity. Facebook users are coloring their profile photos with the red-white-and-blue French flag, and the hashtags #PrayforParis, #WeAreAllParisians and #ParisAttacks are trending on Twitter.</p><div id="res456362117">But Kenya has suffered two terrorist attacks of similar scale. In the 2013 attack on Westgate Mall in Nairobi, 67 died. The attack on Garrissa University College in eastern Kenya on April 2 killed 147.</div><p>When those attacks happened, the world wasn&#39;t silent &mdash; people spoke up using #KenyaAttacks and #GarissaAttacks. But the response wasn&#39;t nearly as strong.</p><div id="res456362660" previewtitle="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention."><div><div><p>The same can be said about recent terrorist attacks in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/12/455784294/more-than-30-reported-killed-in-beirut-bombing-of-hezbollah-area">Lebanon.</a></p></div></div></div><p><img alt="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/_mg_8814_custom-bb6238f73a9259b8741a758869e97b87eff90b2d-s500-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." /></p><p>To hear a Kenyan&#39;s perspective, I spoke with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/18/373803890/smoke-got-in-his-eyes-and-inspired-a-new-kind-of-lamp">Evans Wadongo</a>, 29, who grew up in a rural district and now lives in Nairobi, where he runs&nbsp;<a href="http://sustainabledevelopmentforall.org/about-us/about-us.html">Sustainable Development For All</a>, a nonprofit group that promotes solar power, education and economic betterment.</p><p><strong>What was your reaction to the news from Paris?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s a shock &mdash; something you don&#39;t expect to happen in Europe, really. For me, the shock was also about the magnitude of it &mdash; the fact that there were multiple locations and the scale of the damage.</p><p><strong>Did you have the same kind of reaction when Kenya was struck by terrorists?</strong></p><p>It was unexpected and very shocking.</p><p><strong>Do you think the world&#39;s reactions to the events in Paris and Kenya were different?</strong></p><p>Certainly it&#39;s different. More people are standing up for the French people and trying to support them.</p><p><strong>How does that make you feel?</strong></p><p>We are definitely feeling there&#39;s more value attached to humanity if a tragedy happens in Europe.</p><p><strong>Why do you think that is? Racism?</strong></p><p>For certain people it may be a bit of racism, but I also feel it&#39;s a lack of understanding. It&#39;s just that people are so used to negative things coming out of certain parts of the world &mdash; of Africa, of Asia, of South America. It&#39;s the norm. People expect bad things to happen. When something bad happens in Europe or the U.S., it&#39;s unusual. If something bad happens in some other part of the world, it&#39;s usual.</p><p><strong>Does that make you angry?</strong></p><p>It kind of makes me angry, but it also makes me feel that we need to have more positive stories coming out of Africa so when something bad happens, more people will feel sympathy with the situation.</p><p><strong>Any other reasons you can think of for the difference in reaction?</strong></p><p>More people know about ISIS as opposed to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/04/07/398004455/amid-the-chaos-in-somalia-al-shabab-expands-its-terrorist-reach">al-Shabab</a>&nbsp;[an Islamist group that originated in Somalia and was responsible for both Kenyan attacks]. ISIS has taken root in so many countries but people pay less attention to al-Shabab, which follows the same ideology.</p><p><strong>What reaction to the Paris event are you hearing from your acquaintances in Kenya?</strong></p><p>People are hoping this will create more awareness that this thing can happen anywhere, there should be more support. Terrorism is terrorism. We all need to come together and support each other and condemn what happened in one voice.</p><p><strong>When people say, &quot;We are all Parisians&quot; do you feel left out?</strong></p><p>I don&#39;t see any problem with people saying that. But they should say the same thing if something bad happens in any part of the world. If it happens in Nigeria, say, &quot;We are all Nigerians.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://bc.ca/radio/q" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 18 Nov 2015 15:34:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 Grief knows no native tongue — but we must listen, wherever it speaks http://www.wbez.org/news/grief-knows-no-native-tongue-%E2%80%94-we-must-listen-wherever-it-speaks-113802 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-497265372-d37a8aa964b7c0f33d54c26cf798a76d07a2524b-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res456123411" previewtitle="People gather outside of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, ahead of a ceremony for the victims of Friday's terrorist attacks. Even as we mourn for those lost in the violence, NPR's Michel Martin says, we should not forget the many who have died in similar attacks the world over."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="People gather outside of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, ahead of a ceremony for the victims of Friday's terrorist attacks. Even as we mourn for those lost in the violence, NPR's Michel Martin says, we should not forget the many who have died in similar attacks the world over." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/15/gettyimages-497265372-d37a8aa964b7c0f33d54c26cf798a76d07a2524b-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 464px; width: 620px;" title="People gather outside of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, ahead of a ceremony for the victims of Friday's terrorist attacks. (David Ramos/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Today I was thinking about a friend of mine &mdash; a teacher, a neighbor &mdash; who passed away earlier this week. Out of respect for her family&#39;s privacy, I won&#39;t call her by her name. But believe me when I say she will be missed &mdash; by her family, of course, but also by me and other neighbors, by my children and the many, many other children (and adults) she taught over the years. There was so much to cherish: her generous spirit, her quiet, consistent encouragement, her appreciation of all the different personalities that came into her life.</p></div></div></div><p>Of course, I mourn her because I know her and appreciate her, but I also mourn her because the grieving of one merges into the grieving of others. Can I just tell you? I think both kinds of grief are important.</p><p>On Friday &mdash; the same day that Paris was attacked &mdash; a bomb exploded during midday prayers at a mosque in northwestern Yemen, according to Reuters, killing several worshipers and injuring others. Also on Friday, ISIS claimed responsibility for a suicide attack at a funeral in Baghdad, which killed at least 18 people and wounded more than 40. The funeral was for a Muslim man who had been part of a militia trying to get ISIS out of the country&#39;s north and west.</p><div id="res456123416"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>There&#39;s more: On Thursday ISIS also took responsibility for a double attack in southern Beirut, one that killed at least 45 people and wounded 200 others. The group said in a statement on Twitter posted by its supporters that their members blew up a bicycle loaded with explosives on a busy street. And when people rushed to help, a second suicide bomber&#39;s explosives went off, killing and wounding yet more people. Eyewitnesses say there would have been even greater carnage if a Beirut man, out on a stroll with his little girl, had not tackled the second suicide bomber, pushing the attacker away and taking much of the impact of the second bomb onto himself.</p><p>And on Wednesday, nine people were killed in a terrorist attack in Egypt&#39;s north Sinai. According to news reports, a group opened fire at a family home and then blew up a car bomb near it. Most of the victims were members of a single family, including two children under 3 years old.</p><p>There&#39;s more I could add to this terrible list &mdash; an alleged attack on a village in Niger by the Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram on Wednesday, the murder of three Turkish police officers in a bomb attack on Tuesday &mdash; but you get the point.</p><p>Paris calls out to us because many of us have been there or wish to go. For many of us, it is the city of our dreams. But there is terrible violence being perpetrated all over the world, in places many of us will never visit, by some of the same people and the same ideology that led to the massacres in Paris.</p><p>But their lives matter. They matter because when we draw the line between those near and far, and those who look like us and those who don&#39;t, those whose names we can easily pronounce and those which we cannot, we participate in the same kind of dehumanizing that allows people to do such awful things to each other in the first place.</p><p>Getting back to my neighbor, I&#39;m not sharing her name. But later, I&#39;m going to drop off a card, and some food, and my best wishes for her family. And when I do, I will try to remember another name: the name of the man who is credited with saving unknown numbers of lives in Beirut last week by tackling a suicide bomber. His is Adel Termos. I will try to remember it.</p></p> Mon, 16 Nov 2015 11:31:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/grief-knows-no-native-tongue-%E2%80%94-we-must-listen-wherever-it-speaks-113802 He sometimes crawled to school, he plays soccer on a scooter http://www.wbez.org/news/he-sometimes-crawled-school-he-plays-soccer-scooter-113619 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Polio survivors compete in a para-soccer tournament in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria..jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res453972918" previewtitle="Polio survivors compete in a para-soccer tournament in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Polio survivors compete in a para-soccer tournament in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/02/dsc_4191-26_custom-e75b6801595d721c6065e628fd407357dab1f304-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 366px; width: 620px;" title="Polio survivors compete in a para-soccer tournament in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. (Lemmy Ijioma/Courtesy of Rotary International)" /></div><div><p>When Sani Muntari was 2 years old, he loved to run around and play games with his older siblings and cousins.</p></div></div><p>They lived in Sokoto, a hot, dusty city in northern Nigeria known for its deep Islamic roots. Sometimes, Muntari would go with his mother to the central market where she worked as a trader, peddling everything from vegetables to t-shirts to soap.</p><p>Then one night, Muntari came down with a fever. A few days later, his parents noticed he was having trouble walking. Soon, he couldn&#39;t move his legs. By the time he saw a doctor, he was paralyzed from the waist down. He was diagnosed with paralytic polio. He was the only person in his extended family of 37 to be affected.</p><p>During the next few years, Muntari&#39;s leg muscles atrophied and his legs became unnaturally bent beneath his body &mdash; a common progression of the disease. He continued to play with his siblings and cousins, but from a seated position. The only way he could get around was to crawl &mdash; swinging his lower body between planted hands &mdash; or be carried.</p><div id="res453986858" previewtitle="Sani Muntari, front row in yellow shirt, didn't let polio stop him. He's a teacher, a father and a soccer player."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Sani Muntari, front row in yellow shirt, didn't let polio stop him. He's a teacher, a father and a soccer player." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/02/dsc_3728-30_custom-95170bc2164b8c9a9af4602fc73e200653136f0b-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 391px; width: 620px;" title="Sani Muntari, front row in yellow shirt, didn't let polio stop him. He's a teacher, a father and a soccer player. (Lemmy Ijioma/Courtesy of Rotary International)" /></div><div><div><p>Then, when he was 6 years old, Muntari&#39;s parents posed a difficult question.</p></div></div></div><p>&quot;They asked me if I wanted to go to school,&quot; Muntari says. They were concerned about how he would be treated by students and teachers. Plus, the school had no disability services. Perhaps, his mother suggested, it would be better to just stay at home.</p><p>&quot;She told me, &#39;I don&#39;t want you to suffer,&#39;&quot; he says.</p><p>But Muntari insisted on going. So his parents took turns carrying him the roughly one-mile distance to school. When they couldn&#39;t go, he would crawl along the busy sidewalk, past street vendors and mosques, as motorcycles and taxis whizzed by. When he got a little older, his father &mdash; a civil servant &mdash; bought him a hand-powered tricycle.</p><p>&quot;My father really encouraged me to stay in formal education, to become a useful member of society. I&#39;m really happy for that,&quot; he says.</p><p>Muntari says he was rarely, if ever, teased or harassed at school. &quot;I would just be myself, I saw myself as any normal child.&quot; If he needed assistance, a friend would help. He eventually finished high school and went to college to become a teacher.</p><div id="res453958445"><div><div>&nbsp;</div></div></div><p>Muntari now uses a wheelchair to get around and is a teacher at a school for disabled children, working with blind, deaf and physically impaired students, as well as kids with severe intellectual disabilities. He&#39;s married and has three children, ages 6, 3 and 1. He says his family is happy and healthy.</p><p>And, on top of that, he&#39;s been an integral part of Nigeria&#39;s effort to eliminate polio &mdash; a feat that&nbsp;<a href="http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/nigeria-polio/en/" target="_blank">seems to have been accomplished</a>.</p><p><strong>Speaking To Skeptical Parents</strong></p><p>Muntari&#39;s home state of Sokoto is the spiritual center of Nigeria&#39;s Muslim population.The current Sultan of Sokoto, Muhammad Saad Abubakar, is considered the head of the country&#39;s roughly 90 million Muslims &mdash; half the population. The Sultan and other religious leaders wield enormous influence.</p><p>Abubakar and others have been key allies in the quest to eradicate polio, making public statements about the importance of getting vaccinated. But some religious leaders, particularly in the conservative northern states, have hindered efforts. Some have claimed the polio vaccine is a Western plot to spread HIV and sterilize Muslim girls. That belief still persists in some areas today.</p><p>Frustrated by what he saw as a lack of understanding, Muntari decided to join the polio eradication campaign a few years ago. He began traveling with health workers around the city. He would speak with skeptical parents about the dangers of not vaccinating.</p><p>&quot;I would say, Look at me, this is what can happen if you do not vaccinate your child,&#39;&quot; he says.</p><p>Most parents, Muntari says, are not close-minded about vaccines. &quot;Many just don&#39;t have the awareness. Some don&#39;t have any reason at all [for not having vaccinated their children.]&quot;</p><p>Thanks in part to the efforts of survivors like Muntari, Nigeria seems to have turned the corner on polio. Its last recorded case was on July 24, 2014. In September, the World Health Organization officially declared that polio transmission had stopped for the first time in Africa.</p><p>Dr. Tunji Funsho, the head of&nbsp;<a href="https://www.rotary.org/" target="_blank">Rotary International</a>&#39;s polio efforts in Nigeria, says a lot of things have gone right in the Nigeria campaign &mdash; international funding, support from religious and traditional leaders, health organizations working together, and laws being passed that make it illegal in some states not to vaccinate children. But Funsho says there&#39;s no substitute for the involvement of people like Muntari.</p><p>&quot;People who were victims have been a huge part of the effort,&quot; he says.</p><p>Yet many survivors continue to face stigma, discrimination, and a lack of opportunities.</p><p><strong>Soccer On A Scooter</strong></p><p>In honor of World Polio Day on Oct. 24, Rotary International invited para-soccer teams from around Nigeria to participate in a tournament in the capital, Abuja. Nigeria&#39;s para-soccer league was formed to provide polio survivors with the benefits of a competitive sport &mdash; better health, more confidence and a physical and emotional outlet.</p><p>To play, Muntari sits on a small wooden scooter &mdash; a twelve-inch wooden square with four swiveling wheels &mdash; which is how many polio survivors in Nigeria get around. Scooter users propel themselves forward by pushing their hands on the ground.</p><p>Funsho says he&#39;s seen these teams play for years, but is always amazed by their athleticism. &quot;The agility and the skill displayed is incredible,&quot; he says.</p><p>Funsho hopes the league will play a part in changing people&#39;s attitudes about polio survivors.</p><p>&quot;We know for another half century at least, we are going to have people that have to live with the consequences of polio,&quot; he says.</p><p>And he hopes the para-soccer league&#39;s growing profile will serve as a reminder of the continued threat of polio. Though no new cases are popping up in Nigeria, the disease can be harbored by people without symptoms &mdash; and can be transmitted through contaminated water and open sewer lines.</p><p>Muntari is happy to be part of that mission. But his thoughts today are on his team&#39;s performance. They&#39;ve lost all of their games so far.<br /><br />&quot;We are young, we are just building the team, we are lacking experience,&quot; he says. He hopes to recruit more players in Sokoto, return to this event next year &mdash; and make it to the finals.<br /><br />Given his history, he has reason to be optimistic.<br /><br />&quot;We know the sky is our limit,&quot; he says.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/11/02/452606454/he-sometimes-crawled-to-school-he-plays-soccer-on-a-scooter?ft=nprml&amp;f=452606454" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 03 Nov 2015 14:26:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/he-sometimes-crawled-school-he-plays-soccer-scooter-113619 Next year could mark the end of Polio http://www.wbez.org/news/next-year-could-mark-end-polio-113510 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/8190819087_6d2f748ac8_b.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Polio is on its last legs.</p><p>The disease that once paralyzed hundreds of thousands of kids a year around the globe just a few dozen cases this year. &quot;We are aiming to halt all transmission of wild&nbsp;polio virus&nbsp;next year,&quot; says Peter Crowley, the head of UNICEF&#39;s global efforts against polio.</p><p>If polio is stopped, it will be only the second human disease to be eliminated. Smallpox was the first &mdash; the last case was in 1977.</p><div id="res451945746"><div id="responsive-embed-map-polio-cases-20150930"><p data-pym-src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/map-polio-cases-20150930/child.html">&nbsp;</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p>There&#39;s reason to be optimistic that this gigantic feat of public health is within humanity&#39;s grasp. The World Health Organization says polio transmission has stopped for the first time ever in Africa. Last month, Africa&#39;s last bastion of polio &mdash; Nigeria &mdash; celebrated going an entire year without recording any new cases.</p><div id="con451996199" previewtitle="Polio"><p><strong>The Last Days Of Polio In Africa</strong></p><p>The red dots on the map below show how cases continued to pop up over a wide belt in the middle of the continent from 2010 until 2014.</p><div id="res451942471"><div><div style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Polio cases worldwide" src="http://www.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/26/AFR_Polio_Case_Map.gif" style="height: 438px; width: 620px;" /></div><div><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:9px;"><em>Credit: Gates Foundation</em></span></p></div></div></div></div><p>&quot;This is a really major step forward in the effort to eradicate polio from the world,&quot; says Kate O&#39;Brien, a professor at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins. O&#39;Brien also works with the World Health Organization as an adviser on global immunization policy. She calls ending polio in Nigeria &quot;absolutely massive&quot; in the overall eradication effort.</p><p>With Nigeria off the list of countries where the virus is self-sustaining, there are now just two nations in the world where transmission has never been fully stopped: Afghanistan and Pakistan. Of the 51 cases of wild polio detected globally so far this year, all of them have been in those two countries. (Note: The world map at the top of this post also includes cases of&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/09/10/434647957/how-did-polio-pop-up-in-two-polio-free-countries-ukraine-and-mali">vaccine-derived polio,</a>&nbsp;which are easier to control.)</p><p>The problem is that until polio is actually stopped in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the multibillion-dollar global effort against the virus is going to have to continue everywhere.</p><p>&quot;This is a virus that is fighting for its life,&quot; O&#39;Brien says. &quot;It is going to find people and places that are not vaccinated. It&#39;s going to find a way to move and it&#39;s going to find those places that are vulnerable.&quot; Kids will continue to be vaccinated everywhere around the world for at least 3 years after the last case to make sure that the virus doesn&#39;t stage a comeback.</p><p>Public health officials have been declaring that polio is on the verge of being wiped out ever since Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin came up with vaccines against it in the 1950s. At that point the world was tallying hundreds of thousands of cases each year. Now it&#39;s just a few dozen cases globally and polio&#39;s demise does appear closer than ever. The disease that in its heyday affected Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Olympian Wilma Rudolph and actors Mia Farrow and Donald Sutherland will be relegated to the history books.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/10/26/451908297/next-year-could-mark-the-end-of-polio?ft=nprml&amp;f=451908297" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 26 Oct 2015 15:34:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/next-year-could-mark-end-polio-113510 Nigeria's president sacks and replaces military chiefs http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-20/nigerias-president-sacks-and-replaces-military-chiefs-112430 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Michael%20Fleshman%20%282%29.jpg" title="(Photo: Flickr/Michael Fleshman)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/215574298&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 22px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Nigeria&#39;s Muhammad Buhari fires his military leadership</span></p><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">Last week, Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari sacked his military chiefs. Since then, at least 20 more people have been killed in Boko haram led motorcycle attacks. The military shakeup comes ahead of a scheduled meeting with President Barack Obama this morning. We talk about Boko Haram, the military firings, and the upcoming meeting between Obama and Buhari, with Northwestern professor Richard Joseph. </span></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;"><strong>Guest:</strong> <em>Richard Joseph is the John evans professor of International history and Politics at Northwestern University, and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institute.&nbsp;</em></span></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/215576330&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 22px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Japan&#39;s military evolution in the face of China&#39;s growth</span></p><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;">After World War II, Japan vowed to never again pursue its imperial ambitions. 40 years on, japan is at cultural crossroads, and its Prime minister Shinzo Abe, is determined to normalize the country. In July of last year, Abe announced the birth of the japanese arms trade, freeing up domestic manufacturers to cash in on Japan&#39;s status as the 6th largest military spender in the world. We talk with Dr. Andrew Oros, an associate professor of political science and international studies at Washington College, about what Japan&#39;s new venture means for the region. </span></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px;"><strong>Guest:</strong> <em>Andrew Oros is an associate professor of political science and international studies at Washington College. &nbsp;</em></span></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 20 Jul 2015 15:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-20/nigerias-president-sacks-and-replaces-military-chiefs-112430 Worldview: How Airbnb is expanding into Cuba http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-09/worldview-how-airbnb-expanding-cuba-111850 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP507049073521.jpg" style="height: 418px; width: 620px;" title="Tourists walk beside two privately owned houses with rooms for rent in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, April 1, 2015. (AP Photo/Desmond Boylan)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200046139&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Airbnb now listing properties in Cuba</span></p><p>President Obama is in Jamaica and is headed to the Summit of the Americas in Panama. Cuba will also attend the summit for the first time in history. It&rsquo;s taking part in the meetings at the request of the United States. It&rsquo;s expected that the two countries will hold talks where issues such as the reopening of embassies is likely to be discussed. The thaw in relations between the U.S. and Cuba has already had a major impact on the travel industry and last week Airbnb opened up its listing site in Cuba. The company is taking advantage of looser telecommunications and trade restrictions that have been put in place. Still, a lot of obstacles remain, including access to the internet. Samantha Shankman, a reporter at Skift, a travel industry news company, joins us to talk about the potential impact.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><em><a href="https://twitter.com/SamShankman">Samantha Shankman</a> is a reporter for <a href="https://twitter.com/skift">Skift</a>, a travel industry news company.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200046604&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">An update in post election Nigeria</span></p><p>Muhammadu Buhari made history last &nbsp;month when he defeated President Goodluck Jonathan.&nbsp; Buhari became the first opposition candidate to unseat a sitting president in Nigeria. &nbsp;Now, as he enters the presidency, he faces a series of tough issues, &nbsp;including the Boko Haram insurgency and rampant corruption. We&rsquo;ll take a look at what&rsquo;s at stake in Nigeria with Richard Joseph, professor of international history and politics at Northwestern University and a senior fellow of the Brookings Institution.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-812e22a4-9fc4-f69c-0aa7-2fa04639aec8">Richard Joseph is the John Evans Professor of International History and Politics at <a href="https://twitter.com/NorthwesternU">Northwestern University</a> and a Senior Fellow of the <a href="https://twitter.com/BrookingsInst">Brookings Institution</a>.</span></em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200046848&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Global Activism: An interview with S.R. Hiremath</span></p><p><em>Wor</em><em>ldview&nbsp;</em>continues its series from India with a trip &nbsp;to the southern city of Bangalore. &nbsp;It&rsquo;s known as the Silicon Valley of India.&nbsp; Bangalore has seen enormous economic growth over the past couple of decades. Some feel this growth has come at too high a cost for Bangalore&rsquo;s society and environment. &nbsp;Worldview spoke with &nbsp;S.R. Hiremath, a co-founder of India Development Service . He left Chicago in 1979 and founded the NGO Samaj Parivartana Samudaya (Community for Social Change) to create a &ldquo;free, democratic, secular, egalitarian, non-violent, non exploitative and just society&rdquo; in India. Mr. Hiremath has been at the center of numerous campaigns and legal action against government &nbsp;corruption and big polluters.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-fa12ad11-9fc8-3f13-4477-e3ad78352b9d">S.R. Hiremath is an&nbsp;</span>environmental and social activist, founder of Samaj Parivartana Samudaya (Community for Social Change), co-founder of <a href="http://idsusa.org/">India Development Service</a>.&nbsp;</em></p></p> Thu, 09 Apr 2015 14:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-09/worldview-how-airbnb-expanding-cuba-111850 Worldview: Negotiations with Iran continue to stall http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-01/worldview-negotiations-iran-continue-stall-111804 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP869056451626.jpg" style="height: 430px; width: 620px;" title="Head of Iranian Atomic Energy Organization Ali Akbar Salehi, center, walks after an extended round of talks on Iran's nuclear program at the Beau Rivage Palace Hotel in Lausanne, Switzerland, Wednesday April 1, 2015.(AP Photo/Brendan Smialowski, Pool)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/198787792&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Iran talks in limbo</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-1d59b81a-7678-b81e-4bd7-4f3d95cf1356">Initial reports of the six major powers coming to a tentative agreement with Iran on its nuclear program &nbsp;now describe the current state of events with words like &ldquo;chaos, disunity and cacophony.&quot; Though the parties are reportedly &ldquo;close&rdquo; to paving the way for future talks, movement has stalled on details such as the lifting sanctions on Iran. Joe Cirincione is a proliferation expert and president of the Ploughshares Fund. He&rsquo;ll tell us what he thinks is happening behind the scenes and what the chances are for success.</span></p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-1d59b81a-7679-13b8-41f6-d4ac647c0d08"><a href="https://twitter.com/Cirincione">Joe Cirincione</a> is the </span>president of the <a href="https://twitter.com/plough_shares">Ploughshares Fund</a>.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/198787933&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Nigeria elects non-ruling party for first time in history</span></p><p>For the first time in Nigeria&rsquo;s history, a sitting president has been defeated. Muhammadu Buhari won the election and defeated incumbent Goodluck Jonathan by about two million votes. Buhari said his victory was proof that Nigeria has embraced democracy.&nbsp; Nigeria has a long history of military rule, coups and election fraud.&nbsp; We&rsquo;ll discuss the results of the vote with Clement Adibe, professor of political science at DePaul University.</p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-cf48e13f-767b-a60f-a8b3-b4f0e88d89b4">Clement Adibe is a professor of political science at <a href="https://twitter.com/DePaulU">DePaul University.</a></span></em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/198788256&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Food Wednesday: Eastern Orthodox Lent and Chinese foods for the dead</span></p><p>It&rsquo;s a big week in international food news and religious customs. Even though Lent ends this week for many, Eastern Orthodox Lent still has more than a week to go. This Saturday is also the customary day for Chinese to visit their dead relatives and bring them ceremonial food. Finally, a Sri Lankan undergrad made a groundbreaking discovery about rice last week that is taking the food world by storm. WBEZ food contributor Louisa Chu and WBEZ producer Monica Eng fill us in on the details.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p><em><a href="https://twitter.com/louisachu">Louisa Chu</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">Monica Eng</a> are the hosts of the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/content/chewing-fat-podcast-louisa-chu-and-monica-eng">Chewing the Fat</a> podcast.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/198788826&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Global Notes:&nbsp;</span><span style="color: rgb(41, 47, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 26px; letter-spacing: 0.259999990463257px; line-height: 32px; white-space: pre-wrap; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Toña </span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">La Negra, the Queen of Mexican boleros</span></p><p>She was known as the &lsquo;&#39;queen of the Mexican bolero, but the artistry of María Antonia del Carmen Peregrino is almost entirely forgotten. This week on&nbsp;<em>Global Notes</em>,&nbsp;<em>Morning Shift</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Radio M</em>&nbsp;host Tony Sarabia brings us the music of the Veracruz Mexico native known as &quot;Toña le Negra.&quot;</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><em><a href="https://twitter.com/wbezsarabia">Tony Sarabia</a> is the host of <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZmorning">WBEZ Morning Shift</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 01 Apr 2015 14:24:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-01/worldview-negotiations-iran-continue-stall-111804 Boko Haram violence could threaten Nigerian elections http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-02-05/boko-haram-violence-could-threaten-nigerian-elections-111504 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP658195809200.jpg" style="height: 429px; width: 620px;" title="Supporters of Nigeria President Goodluck Jonathan dance, during an election campaign rally, at Tafawa Balewa Square in Lagos, Nigeria, Thursday, Jan. 8, 2015. (AP Photo/Sunday Alamba)" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/189670087&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="image-insert-image "><font color="#333333" face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Boko Haram&#39;s impact on the upcoming Nigerian elections</span></font></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><p dir="ltr"><span id="docs-internal-guid-319bbeb8-5b7f-8275-b335-5f35a3981374">Nigeria will hold presidential elections on February 14th but more than a million Nigerians have been displaced due to the fighting against the Islamist group Boko Haram. The National Electoral Commission has voiced concern that they&rsquo;ll be unable to vote- Nigeria requires voters to cast their ballots in the city where they&rsquo;ve registered. Security has been a major issue on the campaign trail. </span></p><p dir="ltr"><span><strong>Guest:<span style="font-size:14px;">&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:14px;"><em>Richard Joseph, professor of political science at <a href="https://twitter.com/NU_PAS">Northwestern University</a> and a senior fellow at the <a href="https://twitter.com/BrookingsInst">Brookings Institution</a>.</em></span></span></p></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/189669638&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Wapapura: A solar powered music studio</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-447a6217-5b83-741e-0bef-46e7eea48ac5">Rafa Kotcherha is one of the creators of Wapapura, a solar powered recording studio. Due to its unique ability, Wapapura is able to record in previously inaccessible settings such as the Amazon rainforest and a 9th century Monastery in Spain. The power of the sun also helps him stream via satellite to the internet, as a means of sharing the connection between music and nature to a global audience.&nbsp;</span></p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="color: rgb(33, 33, 33); font-style: italic; white-space: pre-wrap; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Rafa Kotcherha, Spanish-Ukranian musician and eco-activist from Chicago, founder of <a href="https://twitter.com/wapapura">Wapapura</a></span></span></p></p> Thu, 05 Feb 2015 14:42:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-02-05/boko-haram-violence-could-threaten-nigerian-elections-111504