WBEZ | Criminal Justice http://www.wbez.org/news/criminal-justice Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Southwest Side residents work toward racial healing http://www.wbez.org/news/southwest-side-residents-work-toward-racial-healing-112273 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/bridgeport roundtable june 30 nm.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-92bbb99a-44ef-60db-5c70-18726bf4d2e0">Last month two black people were brutally stabbed in a Canaryville park in what they say was a racially motivated attack by a group of whites.</p><p dir="ltr">Four people &mdash;Kevin Hoynes, David Rice,&nbsp;<strong>Joya Urbikas</strong>&nbsp;and Courtney Vega&mdash;<a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-4-charged-in-stabbing-attack-of-brother-sister-20150606-story.html" target="_blank">have been charged</a> with attempted murder and will be arraigned June 30.</p><p dir="ltr">In the nearby Bridgeport neighborhood, residents say this incident has them thinking more about racial dynamics on the city&rsquo;s Southwest Side. This swath of the city has long been known for white racial intolerance.</p><p dir="ltr">WBEZ South Side Bureau reporter Natalie Moore gathered a group of neighbors who want to work toward racial healing.</p><ul dir="ltr"><li>Tom Gaulke, pastor at <a href="http://firsttrinitychicago.blogspot.com/">First Trinity Lutheran Church in Bridgeport</a></li><li>Theresa Mah, community activist, McKinley Park resident</li><li>Ruby Pinto, chair of <a href="http://bridgeportalliance.blogspot.com/">Bridgeport Alliance</a></li><li>Suzanne Goebel, Bridgeport resident and advocacy coordinator for <a href="http://darstcenter.org/">Darst Center</a></li><li>Jotti Aulakh, Bridgeport resident and community engagement coordinator for <a href="http://darstcenter.org/">Darst Center</a></li></ul><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/nmoore-0" rel="author">Natalie Moore</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s South Side Bureau reporter. <a href="mailto:nmoore@wbez.org">nmoore@wbez.org</a> Follow Natalie on <a href="https://plus.google.com//104033432051539426343" rel="me">Google+</a>, &nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/natalieymoore">Twitter.</a></em></p></p> Mon, 29 Jun 2015 12:21:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/southwest-side-residents-work-toward-racial-healing-112273 Prisoners sue Illinois Department of Corrections over solitary confinement http://www.wbez.org/news/prisoners-sue-illinois-department-corrections-over-solitary-confinement-112241 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Solitary.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>A federal lawsuit filed on Wednesday alleges that the Illinois Department of Corrections misuse of solitary confinement is &ldquo;cruel, inhumane [and] offensive to basic human decency.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;We send people to solitary for far too long, for far too little,&rdquo; said Alan Mills, an attorney on the case.</p><p>Mills said people can be put in solitary confinement for minor infractions, like rolling their eyes at a guard.</p><p>&ldquo;No one I know has come out of long term isolation without being severely mentally injured,&rdquo; he said.</p><p>Brian Nelson said he spent 23 years in solitary confinement.</p><p>&ldquo;I paced 18 hours everyday and they had to cut blood blisters off my feet,&quot; Nelson said. Consider an animal in the zoo, we don&rsquo;t put them in an environment like that.&rdquo;</p><p>Nelson said after solitary he had to be on multiple psychiatric drugs and see a psychiatrist. Even five years after his release, he still struggles with daily tasks, like riding a train or bus.</p><p>Those of us who have been in solitary all &ldquo;have a little closet somewhere. I got a placement in the basement I can go hide,&rdquo; said Nelson.</p><p>The federal lawsuit was filed on behalf of three inmates, but is seeking class action status for all individuals who have been or are currently in solitary in Illinois prisons. According to the complaint, about 2,300 people in Illinois prisons are in solitary on any given day.</p><p>The Illinois Department of Corrections would not comment on the case.</p><p>After a press conference about the suit, a small group of reporters gathered around Nelson to take pictures of him in a tiny mockup cell.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;Because of this cell here, my psychiatrist didn&rsquo;t want me to come today,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;As I talk about it, I can taste the cell again&mdash;raw, dusty concrete.&rdquo;</p><p><em>Shannon Heffernan is a WBEZ reporter. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/shannon_h">@shannon_h</a></em></p></p> Wed, 24 Jun 2015 13:54:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/prisoners-sue-illinois-department-corrections-over-solitary-confinement-112241 'A gun that could never have been fired' http://www.wbez.org/news/gun-could-never-have-been-fired-112226 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/photo 4-1.PNG" alt="" /><p><p>Calvin Cross was two blocks from his home on a spring night in 2011. He had just returned from Job Corps, where he earned a certificate for brick laying; and had recently learned that his longtime girlfriend was pregnant. After finishing dinner at home, where he lived with his mom and two older sisters, Cross went out with a friend Ryan Cornell. Both men were 19 years old&mdash;and black&mdash;walking in the West Pullman neighborhood.</p><p>Just about a month later, Cross&rsquo; girlfriend Tunoka Jett would give birth to a baby boy: A son Cross would never meet.</p><p>Near the corner of 124th and Wallace streets, a Chicago police car with three on-duty officers inside pulled up next to the teens. The police officers would later say they were responding to reports of gunshots in the area&mdash;and that Cross was holding his waistband, as if he had a gun.</p><p>The chronology of events after the car pulled up is in dispute&mdash;and will never be settled&mdash;but new light has been shed on the case by a <a href="http://t.co/hybHJukcUj" target="_blank">recently released report</a> from the city agency charged with investigating police misconduct.</p><p>What is known is that, at some point, the officers got out of the car, Cross started running&mdash;and the three cops chased him, firing 45 shots and hitting Cross five times.</p><p>According to the Cook County Medical Examiner&rsquo;s report, a bullet to Cross&rsquo; face was the shot that ultimately killed him.</p><p>&ldquo;My client runs, Ryan Cornell stays put. The three officers chase my client, Ryan Cornell goes back to my client&rsquo;s home and tells his mom they&rsquo;re shooting at Calvin,&rdquo; Cross family attorney Tony Thedford said of that night.</p><p>And Cross&rsquo; mom, Dana, said she heard the gunshots from her home.</p><p>Thedford said Calvin Cross&rsquo; fatal decision to run from the police, rather than stay put like Cornell, was the result of Cross&rsquo; relative inexperience dealing with police.</p><p>The 19-year-old had never been arrested; his mom described her youngest child as a &ldquo;homebody.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;He was an easygoing person, well liked&hellip;he was in the men&rsquo;s choir at our church,&rdquo; Dana Cross said. &ldquo;He didn&rsquo;t hang out&hellip;he liked to stay at home [and] play games.&rdquo;</p><p>The Chicago Police Department referred questions about the shooting to the city&rsquo;s law department; and an attorney for the three cops involved declined a request to interview the officers. So this account is based on federal court filings, testimony by a city attorney, a report from the Independent Police Review Authority, Cross&rsquo; mother and her family&rsquo;s attorneys.</p><p>The officers involved said while Cross was running, he opened fire, forcing them to shoot back.</p><p>The Independent Police Review Authority&mdash;the agency charged with investigating officer-involved shootings&mdash;ruled the shooting justified; but the final report, released Friday, notes that the weapon recovered was never fired, directly contradicting the officers&rsquo; version of events.</p><p>&ldquo;The detectives&rsquo; Supplementary Report indicates that, although the involved officers all reported that Subject 1 fired at them, the recovered revolver was fully-loaded,&rdquo; the IPRA report reads, and goes on to say, that &ldquo;a gunshot residue examination on [Cross] was negative.&rdquo;</p><p>And the Illinois State Police Crime Lab ruled that the gun recovered at the scene was &ldquo;inoperable.&rdquo;</p><p>Also, family attorney Torreya Hamilton said there were no fingerprints on the gun.<br /><br />&ldquo;Why, when the police department learned that these police officers were fired at with a gun that was impossible to be fired, why weren&rsquo;t they looked at for criminal charges?&rdquo; Hamilton asked. &ldquo;Unless you have a video, apparently&hellip;you&rsquo;re not going to be looked at for criminal charges if you&rsquo;re a police officer. And these police officers are still out on the street. They&rsquo;re still telling the story about being shot at with a gun that could never have been fired at them.&rdquo;</p><p>And Thedford says the unusable weapon found by police was hundreds of feet away from the crime scene, and out of Cross&rsquo; path.</p><p>&ldquo;Where he was found dead was at a fence. Our belief is that he was trying to get past that fence so he could keep running,&rdquo; Thedford said. &ldquo;We believe, and will always believe, that our client ran because he was afraid. He saw this weapon and he ran.&rdquo;</p><p>On May 31, 2012, exactly one year after Cross&rsquo; death, his family filed a federal lawsuit against the city and the officers involved. And on Wednesday, the Chicago City Council approved a $2 million payout to settle the case.</p><p>Thedford said Cross&rsquo; son, now 3 years old, was the impetus for settling a case they had long expected would go to trial.</p><p>And after taking out attorneys fees, all of the remaining settlement will go to the child - named Calvin, after his father - in monthly payments to a trust until he turns 30.</p><p>&ldquo;At least I know he&rsquo;ll be taken care of,&rdquo; his grandmother said. &ldquo;But if I could give all that money back so he can have his daddy back, that&rsquo;s what I&rsquo;d do.&rdquo;</p><p>Cross said she is too angry to talk about the fact that the shooting was ruled justified and the officers remain on the force. She&rsquo;s also haunted by the lack of attention paid to her son&rsquo;s death.</p><p>&ldquo;No police officer ever came to talk to me. No news people ever came to talk to me. Nobody. It&rsquo;s like my son was shot and killed and it&rsquo;s just that&rsquo;s it, that&rsquo;s all,&rdquo; Cross said.</p><p>Thedford thinks that silence is because of who Calvin was: A 19-year-old black man on the South Side of Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;Is there an expectation that he&rsquo;s a part of some faceless, nameless horde that they always get shot, they&rsquo;re always up to something, there&rsquo;s always some assumption that he must have been up to no good? I think the reason that it was immediately believed that whatever version the police officers gave was correct is because he fit the mold,&rdquo; Thedford said.</p><p>On the same day the city approved the Cross settlement, the city council also agreed to pay $1 million to settle a lawsuit over the 2010 death of Joshua Madison. Taking these most recent settlements into account, the city has paid out a total of $8 million so far this year for Chicago police shootings.</p><p><em>Patrick Smith is a WBEZ Producer/Reporter. Follow him <a href="https://twitter.com/pksmid">@pksmid</a>.</em></p></p> Fri, 19 Jun 2015 17:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/gun-could-never-have-been-fired-112226 Mental Health 911: Areas with most calls have fewest services http://www.wbez.org/news/mental-health-911-areas-most-calls-have-fewest-services-112174 <p><p>Both Chicago and Illinois have made big cuts to mental health services in recent years.&nbsp;That has left managing mental illness on the plates of some people who never set out to do that job. People like police officers and jail staff.</p><p>The experiences of people who work in jails and police departments tell the story of a fraying mental health safety net, with big holes. The data I found on waiting lists, 911 calls, and on the location of mental health services, back their stories up.</p><p>When people leave Cook County Jail, they get a mental health hotline number and are told they can call anytime. The hotline is run by the jail, and Dr. Dena Williams is one of the people who might pick up.</p><p>She says the hope is that if people can call and get the help they need, including finding a therapist or psychiatrist, they would not be as likely to come back.</p><p>When I visited the jail, Williams sat feet away from her phone, in case she got a call. I asked her if she is usually able to get a caller into psychiatric services immediately.</p><p>&ldquo;Immediately, as in before 30 days?&rdquo; Williams asked. &ldquo;I mean usually there is a wait. Sometimes the wait can be up to six months.&rdquo;</p><p>This is the first big hole in the mental health safety net: waiting lists. Even thirty days can be a long time if you are in mental health crisis, but imagine keeping up with waiting lists without a phone or a place to sleep at night.</p><p>Calling the 36 mental health providers on the City of Chicago&rsquo;s referral list, I found 14 of them&mdash;that is over a third&mdash;either had no outpatient psychiatrists or had closed their waiting lists. Two more had waiting lists around five months.</p><p>&ldquo;The length of time it takes someone to receive medication is sometimes so long that they are unable to wait and they will end up right back in our custody,&rdquo; Williams said.</p><p>One staff member at the jail said a guy told him he had gotten arrested for shoplifting on purpose.</p><p>The man said he was a patient at Tinley Park Mental Health Center and when that closed, the only place he knew to get medication was in jail. He said he hated being locked up. But he hated being actively psychotic more.</p><p>&ldquo;It keeps me up at night. Because jail is not a place to be receiving treatment,&rdquo; Williams said.</p><p><span style="font-size:24px;">Clinic locations: a wheelchair with flat tires</span></p><p>Last year in Chicago, 911 took about 22,000 calls that had some kind of mental health component.</p><p>There is a special training officers can take to respond to these calls. It is called Crisis Intervention Training (CIT). The training is voluntary and only some officers take it.</p><p>On a recent Tuesday morning, 38 officers gathered at Mount Sinai Hospital for advanced training.</p><p>Most of the officers there had already been regularly responding to mental health calls. They had learned how to identify illnesses like schizophrenia, and how to admit someone to a hospital. Officers said doing this much work on mental health was something they never expected when they signed up for the police force.</p><p>Sgt. Lori Cooper helped lead the training. She stood at the front of the room and called on officers to take the next step.</p><p>&ldquo;Here&rsquo;s what&rsquo;s happening right now: Someone&rsquo;s decompensating. They come into our presence. We take them to the emergency room. They decompensate again. They come into our presence. We take them to the emergency room. They decompensate again. And we take them to where?&rdquo;</p><p>The room replied in unison: &ldquo;Jail.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;What we are trying to do is break the cycle,&rdquo; Cooper told them.</p><p>She also told the officers that breaking the cycle is going to take more than bringing people to emergency rooms. It is going to mean collaborating with clinics and hospitals to make sure people get regular treatment in their neighborhoods. Because if the services are far away, people won&#39;t make it.</p><p>This is the second big hole in the mental health safety net: the location of services.</p><p>According to WBEZ analysis, some of the police districts where the most mental health 911 calls come from are also the districts with the fewest mental health services.</p><p>That means when officers respond to calls in those districts they are stuck with fewer nearby services where they can send people. Asking people to travel long distances for mental health care, &ldquo;is kind of like putting them in a wheelchair with flat tires,&rdquo; Cooper said.</p><p>As the<em> Chicago Reporter </em>recently reported, districts with a high volume of 911 mental health calls, <a href="http://chicagoreporter.com/police-districts-in-black-latino-areas-top-calls-for-mental-health-crises/">are largely black and Hispanic</a>.</p><p>The police department has a pilot program where they have paired up with a few mental health groups. It has a grant to help deliver services where and when the services are needed. It said it hopes this will patch up two big holes in the safety net&mdash;wait times and locations.</p><p>But for now it is just a pilot in a few districts. And even as this pilot launches, Gov. Bruce Rauner has proposed big cuts to Illinois&rsquo; mental health budget. Providers across the board told us if that happens, mental health services will fray even more.</p><p>In statements to WBEZ, the governor&#39;s office blamed the budget mess on past misspending and said the proposed mental health cuts were not yet final.</p><p>Cooper said if any more services disappear, &ldquo;We&rsquo;re going to be asked to take them to services that might not exist, and so then there might be no alternative than to bring them to possibly jail.&rdquo;</p><p>At an average cost of $143 a night at Cook County Jail, that might not end up saving taxpayers any cash.</p><p><em>Shannon Heffernan is a reporter for WBEZ. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/shannon_h">@shannon_h</a>.</em></p><p><span style="font-size:24px;"><a name="map"></a>Map: Mental health calls to 911 by police district</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/citcallsclinicsdots_20150610_0.jpg" style="height: 614px; width: 620px;" title="" /></div></div><p><em>*The number of mental health calls for 2014 was obtained from the Office of Emergency Management. Police officers said the number of calls may actually be higher than what is reported by OEMC, because the mental health component of a call may not be apparent until after officers arrive on scene.<br />**Mental health and substance abuse provider locations were obtained from The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) website. In addition to the marked location, some organizations may provide services at satellite locations or through traveling teams.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 12 Jun 2015 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/mental-health-911-areas-most-calls-have-fewest-services-112174 From solitary to the streets: Released inmates get little help http://www.wbez.org/news/solitary-streets-released-inmates-get-little-help-112176 <p><p>In prison, Brian Nelson lived in solitary confinement. That meant 23 hours a day in a small cell. No human contact, except with guards &mdash; for 12 years straight.</p><p>Then, his prison sentence for murder was over. One moment he was locked down. The next, he was free.</p><p>NPR and The Marshall Project, an online journalism group that focuses on the criminal justice system, investigated the release of tens of thousands of prisoners from solitary confinement to find out how many prisoners, like Nelson, go straight from solitary to the streets.</p><p>What was stunning is that most prison systems say they have no idea.</p><p><a href="https://www.themarshallproject.org/2015/06/11/from-solitary-to-the-street">The Marshall Project and NPR surveyed</a>&nbsp;all 50 states. About half reported they don&#39;t keep track or could not provide numbers of which inmates go straight home from solitary. And a recent audit for the federal Bureau of Prisons said it doesn&#39;t keep numbers, either.</p><p>But our tally from the 24 states that say they count shows that last year, at least 10,000 inmates came straight out of solitary.</p><p>Yet inmates released from solitary often need the most help &mdash; and get the least.</p><p>In solitary, they&#39;re cut off from things that help with re-entry. There are no education classes, no job training; and when they are released, they often get less supervision than other prisoners.</p><p>When Nelson&#39;s mother picked him up at the distant supermax prison in Tamms, Ill., he told her how he was given a television during his last year of solitary and kept seeing ads for a fast-food ice cream.</p><p>&quot;And I kept seeing a Blizzard. I kept seeing these Blizzards. And I&#39;m like, &#39;God that looks so good.&#39; So all I wanted was a Blizzard,&quot; he says.</p><p>On the drive home, they stopped for a Blizzard at a Dairy Queen.</p><p>&quot;And I&#39;m standing there and a guy walked behind me. And I was not used to people being that close to me. And I started cussing. I turned around, I&#39;m ready to fight because I thought I don&#39;t know if he&#39;s going to attack me,&quot; Nelson recalls. &quot;I have prison mentality in my mind. And then I looked up and saw my mom crying, like &#39;Oh my God, what have they done to him?&#39; You know, because I couldn&#39;t handle being around people.&quot;</p><p>That was five years ago. It&#39;s still hard for Nelson, 50, to be around people.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/tamms-prison-landov_custom-2465fd37cfb07908f6dd18f706ddb0ae2a1b4e9d-s500-c85.jpg" style="float: right; height: 181px; width: 280px; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px;" title="An inmate looks out from his cell at Tamms supermax prison in 2009. A typical pod consists of six wings with 10 cells in each wing, with each cell housing only one inmate. The facility closed in January 2013. (John Smierciak/Chicago Tribune/MCT/Landov)" />Researchers and prisoner reformers say inmates who spend long stays in solitary confinement often deal with lifelong emotional damage. That became an issue this week with stories of one of the youngest and one of the oldest inmates in solitary confinement.</p><p>On Monday, a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/06/09/413096287/federal-judge-orders-release-of-last-angola-3-prisoner">federal judge in Louisiana ordered the release</a>&nbsp;of a man thought to have been in solitary confinement longer than any other prisoner. Albert Woodfox, 68, went into solitary in 1972 after being charged in the death of a prison guard that year. The Louisiana attorney general&#39;s office announced it would appeal the ruling, seeking to keep Woodfox in prison.</p><p>That came right after reports that 22-year-old Kalief Browder&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/06/08/412842780/kalief-browder-jailed-for-years-at-rikers-island-without-trial-commits-suicide">had died last weekend</a>&nbsp;by suicide. He was 16 when he was arrested on suspicion of stealing a backpack, a charge he denied. Browder spent nearly three years on Rikers Island, New York City&#39;s large jail complex, awaiting trial. Two of those years were spent in solitary. The charges against him were dropped and he returned home.</p><p>Last October, Browder&nbsp;<a href="http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/10/06/before-the-law">described to a New Yorker writer</a>&nbsp;how he struggled during long stretches in solitary confinement and still suffered once he was out of jail. He had attempted to take his life several times while he was behind bars and again once he was released. Browder&#39;s story led New York, last December, to end the use of solitary for 16- and 17-year-olds, noting that the practice often caused mental illness.</p><p>In Chicago, Nelson is now a paralegal and works as a prisoner&#39;s advocate at the Uptown People&#39;s Law Center. But he still thinks about the inmates he knew during his 28 years in prison.</p><p>&quot;To me, it&#39;s therapy,&quot; he says. &quot;Because I have survivor&#39;s guilt. I left some good friends behind in solitary that are still there.&quot;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/hoffman_20150506_0321_custom-669220afd5f66f72f3bf0de79cb5de2906a251ab-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Brian Nelson walks outside his office at the Uptown People's Law Center in Chicago. He says adjusting to life outside of prison is a daily struggle, but his work as a prisoner's advocate helps. (Peter Hoffman for NPR)" /></div><p>The Department of Justice estimates that about 80,000 prisoners in the U.S. are in solitary confinement. The system drastically expanded in the past 30 years as the U.S. prison population grew. Corrections officials built supermax prisons and added other new programs to isolate the inmates who were considered the most dangerous.</p><p>&quot;The United States is unique and this is a relatively new experiment,&quot; says Alan Mills, who is Nelson&#39;s boss at the Uptown People&#39;s Law Center. &quot;And now we&#39;re dealing with people who have spent a decade in solitary and are getting out. Mental health professionals don&#39;t know how to deal with it. And don&#39;t have treatment for it yet. It&#39;s a brand new world and unfortunately it&#39;s one that we as a society have created for ourselves.&quot;</p><p>Mills says, at the least, prisons need to take inmates out of solitary months before they leave prison and give them mental health treatment, job training and other help to get them ready to go back home.</p><p>A few states, and the federal prison system, have started doing that.</p><p>Unlike most prisoners who are given parole when they are released, inmates in solitary are less likely to get supervision. That&#39;s because they &quot;max out&quot; their sentence and fall outside the parole system.</p><p>That&#39;s clear in data several states provided to The Marshall Project and NPR. For example, in Texas, only 14 percent of inmates in the general prison population are released without supervision. But for those who are home from solitary confinement, that number is 63&nbsp;</p><div id="responsive-embed-solitary-tx-20150610">&nbsp;</div><script src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-dailygraphics/dailygraphics/graphics/runoff/js/lib/pym.js" type="text/javascript"></script><script type="text/javascript"> jQuery(document).ready(function(){ var pymParent = new pym.Parent( 'responsive-embed-solitary-tx-20150610', 'http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/solitary-tx-20150610/child.html', {} ); }); </script><p>&quot;I went from solitary confinement straight to my Mom&#39;s,&quot; Nelson says.</p><p>A month before Nelson was released, he says he was moved from his solitary confinement unit at the supermax prison at Tamms to another prison where he also ended up in solitary.</p><p>&quot;No reintegration. I begged for help,&quot; he says. &quot;Get me ready. Help me.&quot;</p><p>Nelson says he now has many problems that resulted from years of being isolated from human contact. He still has trouble being around other people; his office at the law clinic is away from the main office, in a building down the block; he sleeps only a few hours a night.</p><p>Sometimes he&#39;ll come into the office at 2 a.m. Some days, he&#39;s so nervous, he&#39;ll pick and pick at his skin, until his hands bleed.</p><p>And there are days he says he just can&#39;t work at all. Because something &mdash; maybe a letter from one of the thousands of inmates he corresponds with &mdash; triggered his nightmares of solitary. Just doing this interview drained him for days.</p><p>&quot;I never had mental health issues before,&quot; says Nelson. &quot;I never saw a psychiatrist. I never took psychotropic medication.&quot;</p><p>Now he needs those things to get by. He knows other men in his unit who had a harder time: the men who died by suicide, the man who mutilated his testicle.</p><p>Nelson pulls out a large cardboard box he keeps next to his office.</p><p>&quot;This is one of the things I did to keep sane.&quot; he says.</p><p>Inside, there are more than 4,000 pages, in Nelson&#39;s handwriting, in blue ballpoint ink. He picks up Page 1.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/hoffman_20150506_0346edit_custom-bc0b47a37ec9ee32df30ef21201d8d979d7390ac-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 593px; width: 620px;" title="After 12 years in isolation, working in an office with other people was difficult for Brian Nelson. Now he has his own office down the street from the Uptown People's Law Center. In his office, he keeps a box with the more than 4,000 pages he hand-copied from the Bible while he was in prison. (Peter Hoffman for NPR)" /></div><p>&quot;Genesis,&quot; he says. &quot;It took me one year, nine months and two days to copy the entire Bible. That&#39;s the Catholic Bible. Word for word, copied.&quot;</p><p>It was his Catholic faith, he says, that pulled him through the last 12 years in solitary.</p><p>Nelson was convicted of armed robbery and murder in Illinois when he was 17. He says he went along with another man selling stolen property, who did the killing.</p><p>But Nelson says no prison official explained why he was put into solitary. At the time, he&#39;d been living in a minimum security prison in another state.</p><p>An official with the Illinois Department of Corrections says the record from that time is sealed.</p><p>Rick Raemisch also knows what solitary confinement cells are like.</p><p>He describes his: &quot;It was very typical for a confinement cell. It was about 7 feet by 13 feet and everything, of course, was metal with a small pad to sleep on.&quot;</p><p>Raemisch is the director of corrections for the state of Colorado. Last year, he spent 20 hours in a solitary confinement cell.</p><p>His predecessor had been murdered by an ex-inmate who said he was avenging the time he&#39;d spent in solitary. So Raemisch wanted to understand the controversy over solitary.</p><p>One of the biggest misconceptions he says &mdash; the day he went in &mdash; was that his isolation cell was going to be quiet.</p><p>&quot;I&#39;d been very busy at work and I thought, &#39;I&#39;ll just go in there and take a nap for 20 hours.&#39; And it was loud and it was banging and screaming and actually sensory overload,&quot; he says.</p><p>The inmates, who didn&#39;t know he was there, were loud and angry. Some were psychotic. If they&#39;d gone into solitary with any mental illness, the problem almost certainly got worse. If they didn&#39;t have a mental illness, he says, then many developed one.</p><p>&quot;The fact of the matter is that I came out of there feeling that, that really nobody should be spending, if at all possible, any lengthy periods of time in there,&quot; Raemisch says.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/raemisch-landov_custom-1361aac6e741fef25755b487b63d815290d1dcb2-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 401px; width: 620px;" title="Rick Raemisch, the director of Colorado's Department of Corrections, poses for a portrait in a solitary confinement cell similar to the one he stayed in during a tour of the Colorado State Penitentiary in 2014. (Matthew Staver/Landov)" /></div><p>Among the reforms the corrections chief has made in Colorado: No one stays in solitary for more than a year, and no one goes in who already has a serious mental illness. (Some of this reform was actually started by Raemisch&#39;s assassinated predecessor &mdash; Tom Clements.)</p><p>One result of the new rules: Inmate-on-staff assaults are down to the lowest level in nearly a decade.</p><p>A few other states &mdash; including New York and Mississippi &mdash; have made similar reform. But most prison officials still say they need solitary confinement as a way to control violence.</p><p>In Colorado, Raemisch also changed the way prisoners are released. They used to go directly from solitary confinement to the streets.</p><p>When he first got to Colorado, he says he heard stories of how correctional officers would take an inmate being released from solitary to the bus station in handcuffs and shackles. They&#39;d put the inmate on the bus and then take the shackles off. &quot;And I thought,&quot; Raemisch recalls, &quot;&#39;My God, everybody on that bus should get up and run.&#39;&quot;</p><p>In 2011, 200 inmates in Colorado went from solitary to the streets. But since last March, shortly after the director of corrections spent that night in solitary, no prisoner has gone direct from solitary to the streets.</p><p>&quot;And when you consider that 97 percent of the inmates go back to the community,&quot; Raemisch notes, &quot;it makes no sense whatsoever to be releasing them directly from segregation, where supposedly we consider them too dangerous to be in the general population. Yet we&#39;re releasing them out into the community. It just made no sense.&quot;</p><p>There have been notorious cases where prisoners came out of solitary and went on killing sprees. The one in Colorado and another in Nebraska.</p><p>But those cases are rare.</p><p>What&#39;s more common: Prisoners come out of solitary emotionally damaged. They can&#39;t work. They behave in ways that test and fray the few important relationships they have with friends and family.</p><p>Of the dozens of ex-inmates NPR and The Marshall Project found who spent extended time in solitary confinement, Nelson is one of the few who are successful and working.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/hoffman_20150506_0273edit_custom-5f9a8506e86c9d807115363fe07c7e539501a1cb-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 620px;" title="Brian Nelson at home with his girlfriend, Tina Rios. The couple live together, and Nelson has even helped her grow her teddy bear collection. (Peter Hoffman for NPR)" /></div></div><p>But he says it&#39;s a daily struggle. There are things that center him, such as prayer, his family, sitting on the couch with his girlfriend, and her touch. He also says his work at the law office as an advocate for other prisoners helps.</p><p>&quot;There&#39;s times out here where it&#39;s like, I don&#39;t know if I belong out here. And everybody looks at me like, &#39;What? You&#39;re doing great,&#39; &quot; he says. &quot;No, I&#39;m not doing great. There are days I do great, there&#39;s days I put on a face, and then there&#39;s days where people are like, &#39;Please go away.&#39; &quot;</p><p><em>This story was reported with</em>&nbsp;<em><a href="http://www.themarshallproject.org/?utm_campaign=partners&amp;utm_source=npr&amp;utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_term=solitary" target="_blank">The Marshall Project</a>, a nonprofit news organization that covers the U.S. criminal justice system. Read more of this investigation from The Marshall Project:</em>&nbsp;<em><a href="https://www.themarshallproject.org/2015/06/11/from-solitary-to-the-street">From Solitary To The Street</a>.</em></p><p><em>&mdash; via <a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/06/11/413208055/from-solitary-to-the-streets-released-inmates-get-little-help">NPR News</a></em></p></p> Thu, 11 Jun 2015 13:06:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/solitary-streets-released-inmates-get-little-help-112176 CPD 'listening tour' fuzzy on details http://www.wbez.org/news/cpd-listening-tour-fuzzy-details-112171 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/mccarthylistens.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Cities across the country have been ripped apart by violent encounters between police and citizens.</p><p>Ferguson had Michael Brown, New York had Eric Garner, Baltimore had Freddie Gray &mdash; and Chicago had 17-year-old Laquan McDonald, who was shot 16 times by a Chicago cop last October. There&rsquo;s also Chicago Police Commander Glenn Evans, indicted for allegedly ramming his gun into someone&rsquo;s mouth. And Detective Dante Servin, acquitted of killing 22-year-old Rekia Boyd.</p><p>That&rsquo;s part of the reason why the city&rsquo;s top cop, Supt. Garry McCarthy, recently announced a big, city-wide listening tour. It&rsquo;s a major initiative for the police department to communicate with the public.</p><p>&ldquo;There&rsquo;s a big anti-police sentiment both locally and nationally. And we&rsquo;re dealing with protests on a daily basis,&rdquo; McCarthy said in the Spring. &nbsp;</p><blockquote><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-06-11/morning-shift-looking-mccarthys-listening-tour-112175"><strong>Morning Shift: Looking into McCarthy&#39;s listening tour</strong></a></p></blockquote><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">After Detective Servin was found not guilty by a judge in April, anger in Chicago reached a high point. And that&rsquo;s when McCarthy came out with a plan to repair the relationship between cops and residents: He called it the &ldquo;CPD Neighborhood Outreach Tour.&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">The idea was the department would open up a big public dialogue. McCarthy and police commanders would personally meet with people and really listen.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">Mayor Rahm Emanuel threw his support behind the initiative.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">&ldquo;The listening tour, not just by Superintendent McCarthy, it&rsquo;s also by each of the commanders in the districts, is all a part of effort of building trust and relationships that are essential part of community policing,&rdquo; Emanuel said.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">There were no details about when the tour was starting, no big announcement about how anybody from the neighborhoods could take part. But then, all of a sudden at a Chicago City Club event in May, McCarthy said the listening tour was already underway &mdash; and that it was a big hit.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">&ldquo;I&rsquo;m going out every single day to community meetings, sitting down with small groups of residents without the press, and we have conversations and we listen to people,&rdquo; McCarthy told a room full of business and civic leaders.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">But even after McCarthy gave his speech at the City Club, there was still no way to find out where and when the events of this big, public listening tour were happening.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">WBEZ has been trying to find out more about this outreach tour ever since it was first announced: We&rsquo;ve called, we&rsquo;ve emailed about half a dozen times and we&rsquo;ve asked in person. The main question is &mdash; where are these events listed for the public?</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">The tour is supposed to be a chance to hear from the public &mdash; to get &lsquo;resident feedback&rsquo; and to &lsquo;foster ongoing dialogue.&rsquo; But if people don&rsquo;t know about it, why do it?</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">Residents aren&rsquo;t the only ones struggling to get this information. People you&rsquo;d presume would absolutely know don&rsquo;t either.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">&ldquo;Seems like it&rsquo;s some kind of secret mission,&rdquo; said Ald. Pat Dowell, who represents the 3rd Ward on Chicago&rsquo;s South Side.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">She said she would love to advertise the listening tour to her constituents, but she&rsquo;s been kept in the dark.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t know anything about how they&rsquo;re organized, what he is trying to accomplish,&rdquo; Ald. Dowell lamented.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">An officer in charge of community relations for her district said she didn&rsquo;t know when the meetings were happening in her district. In fact, she already missed the one in her own district &mdash; she only found out about it from a resident &mdash; afterwards.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">Dowell&rsquo;s fellow South Side alderman, Roderick Sawyer (6), said he got a list of the listening tour stops after he specifically asked the police. But he said he doesn&rsquo;t think most people have any way of finding out about the events.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;">Ald. Sawyer said he suspects the police want to handpick their audience, which he said defeats the whole purpose.</p><p style="margin-left:4.5pt;"><span style="font-size:22px;"><a name="list"></a>Remaining Dialogue Tour Events</span></p><table border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="width: 620px;" width="883"><thead><tr><th scope="col" style="width: 79px;"><p><span style="font-size:18px;">District</span></p></th><th scope="col" style="width: 144px;"><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Date</span></p></th><th scope="col" style="width: 76px;"><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Time</span></p></th><th scope="col" style="width: 416px;"><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Location</span></p></th><th scope="col" style="width: 168px;"><p><span style="font-size:18px;">Contact</span></p></th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>011</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Thursday, June 11</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>5:30 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Garfield Hospital, 520 N. Ridgeway</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Chuck Levy</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>002</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Wednesday, June 17</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>5:30 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Chicago Urban League, 4510 S. Michigan</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Roderick Hawkins</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>014</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Wednesday, June 24</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>7:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Bickerdike Redevelopment Corporation, 2550 W. North</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Danny Serrano</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>011</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Thursday, Jul 2</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>6:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>People&#39;s Church of the Harvest, 3570 W. Fifth Avenue</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Pastor Eaddy</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>010</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Tuesday, July 7</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>7:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Lawndale Christian Development Corporation,</p><p>2111 S. Hamlin Ave (Firehouse Community Arts Center) Ogden and Hamlin</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Tracie Worthy</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>002</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Thursday, July 9</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>6:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>KLEO Community Family Life Center, 119 E. Garfield Blvd.</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Torrey Barrett</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>007</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Monday, July 13</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>6:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Chicago Embassy Church, 5848 S. Princeton</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Bishop Peecher</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>015</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Wednesday, July 15</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>6:00 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Mars Hill Baptist Church, 5916 W. Lake St</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Pastor Stowers</p></td></tr><tr><td style="width:79px;"><p>005</p></td><td style="width:144px;"><p>Monday, July 20</p></td><td style="width:76px;"><p>6:30 p.m.</p></td><td style="width:416px;"><p>Temple of Glory Church 311 E. 95<sup>th</sup> St.</p></td><td style="width:168px;"><p>Pastor Wilson</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em>Patrick Smith is a WBEZ producer and reporter. Follow him </em><a href="http://twitter.com/pksmid"><em>@pksmid</em></a><em>.</em></p></p> Wed, 10 Jun 2015 11:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cpd-listening-tour-fuzzy-details-112171 In Englewood, kids and cops find common ground on baseball diamond http://www.wbez.org/sections/lifestyle/englewood-kids-and-cops-find-common-ground-baseball-diamond-112155 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Image4.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Strained relationships between the police and the community are unfortunately common in many cities, and Chicago is no different. From the acquittal of Chicago police officer Dante Servin for killing Rekia Boyd, to the shooting death of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald by two Chicago officers, the trust in law enforcement remains shaky.</p><p>One South Side community group aims to help mend the fences by getting Chicago cops and kids from Englewood playing baseball together. Teamwork Englewood organized the Englewood Police/Youth Baseball League earlier this year to get cops in a coaching and mentoring role. The co-ed league is housed at Hamilton Park and the teams are almost ready for opening day on June 24.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="100" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/209374756&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Mon, 08 Jun 2015 11:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/sections/lifestyle/englewood-kids-and-cops-find-common-ground-baseball-diamond-112155 Ex-speaker Hastert quietly tried to boost income http://www.wbez.org/news/ex-speaker-hastert-quietly-tried-boost-income-112154 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/hastert2_1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><em><strong>â–²LISTEN </strong>Former Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert makes a scheduled appearance in a federal courtroom later this week. When he does, he will join a long line of Illinois politicians who have faced corruption charges. Hastert has not made any public statement since he was indicted last month on charges of lying to the FBI and trying to conceal payments he was making to hide past misconduct. NPR&#39;s Cheryl Corley reports.</em></p><p>Hastert looked for ways to increase his income around the time he is accused of paying someone to stay quiet about decades-old misconduct, according to a former business associate.</p><p>J. David John told <em>The New York Times</em> that he asked a financial adviser in 2010 how investments could be arranged to yield more cash and that he inquired on Hastert&#39;s behalf, without identifying him. John said he doesn&#39;t know whether the attempt to set up an annuity relates to the payoffs Hastert is accused of making.</p><p>Hastert is charged with evading bank regulations by withdrawing hundreds of thousands of dollars in smaller amounts and lying about why. The indictment says Hastert agreed in 2010 to pay $3.5 million to a person to compensate for and conceal past misconduct. He is scheduled to appear at his arraignment on the two charges in federal court in Chicago on Tuesday. If convicted, he could face a maximum five-year sentence and a $250,000 fine on each charge.</p><p><em>The Times</em> posted emails and other documents showing efforts by Hastert to grow his slow-starting lobbying and consulting business after he left politics.</p><p>A collection of emails, many between John and a Hastert assistant, suggests the former Republican congressman&#39;s schedule was picking up as he traveled to Singapore, Montreal and other sites of projects he was helping clients advance. Among them were efforts to move a golf tournament to the Middle East from the U.S., to bring Formula One racing to Chicago and to engage in a California land development.</p><p>In June 2010, John received an email from a financial adviser who was consulted about how to generate more cash for Hastert but given only limited details of the former congressman&#39;s finances and nothing identifying him. Hastert had amassed wealth in real estate but those investments were largely tied up. &quot;In general, he can probably get 4-6 percent in the annuity world,&quot; the adviser told John. &quot;This would provide him a steady stream of income and more than likely a guarantee that he would not run out of income in his lifetime.&quot;</p><p>According to the indictment, however, Hastert was heavily tapping his income that summer, withdrawing $50,000 at a time and making secret payments every six weeks.</p><p><em>The Times</em> obtained documents from a lawyer for John, who had a falling out with Hastert and has sued him.</p><p>A person familiar with the allegations told <em>The Associated Press</em> that the payments were intended to conceal claims that Hastert sexually molested someone decades ago. The person spoke to the AP on the condition of anonymity because the investigation is continuing.</p></p> Mon, 08 Jun 2015 11:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/ex-speaker-hastert-quietly-tried-boost-income-112154 Court sets arraignment for Hastert in hush-money case http://www.wbez.org/news/court-sets-arraignment-hastert-hush-money-case-112118 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/denny.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Former U.S. House Speaker Dennis Hastert is scheduled to make his first court appearance Thursday on charges linked to allegations that he agreed to pay $3.5 million in hush money to someone from the Illinois town where he was once a teacher and coach.</p><p>The former Republican congressman, once the second in line to the U.S. presidency, is required to appear at the hearing in federal court in Chicago. The office of U.S. District Judge Thomas M. Durkin, who is handling the case, confirmed to The Associated Press on Monday that the hearing &mdash; where Hastert will have to enter a plea &mdash; was scheduled.</p><p>The 73-year-old Hastert hasn&#39;t spoken or appeared in public since he was indicted last week, and no attorney or representative has spoken on his behalf. A voicemail left for Hastert on Monday wasn&#39;t immediately returned.</p><p>The indictment charges Hastert with one count of evading bank regulations by withdrawing $952,000 in increments of less than $10,000 to skirt reporting rules. He also is charged with lying to the FBI about the reason for the unusual withdraws. If convicted, Hastert faces maximum five-year prison sentence on each count.</p><p>The indictment doesn&#39;t say what Hastert was allegedly trying to hide or to whom he intended to pay the money. But a person familiar with the allegations told the AP that payments were intended to conceal claims that he sexually molested someone decades ago. The person spoke to the AP on the condition of anonymity because the investigation is ongoing, and the allegations are not contained in the indictment.</p><p>The May 28 indictment details a 2010 agreement between Hastert and a person identified only as &quot;Individual A&quot; to pay millions to &quot;compensate for and conceal (Hastert&#39;s) prior misconduct&quot; against the unnamed individual.</p><p>The indictment notes Hastert was a history teacher and coach from 1965 to 1981 in Yorkville, a suburb west of Chicago. The other party &quot;has been a resident of Yorkville and has known Hastert for most of Individual A&#39;s life,&quot; the document said, but other details weren&#39;t included.</p><p>Federal agents have not arrested Hastert. Defendants who aren&#39;t considered a threat or a flight risk are often not placed under arrest, though a formal detention hearing is frequently held later.</p><p>The House speaker-turned-Washington lobbyist will mark another politician in a long line of Illinois elected officials to enter the federal courthouse in downtown Chicago to answer to criminal charges. They include two successive governors in the 2000s, Republican George Ryan and Democrat Rod Blagojevich, who were both eventually convicted on corruption charges.</p></p> Mon, 01 Jun 2015 17:24:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/court-sets-arraignment-hastert-hush-money-case-112118 Global Activism: 'ConTextos' finds the good in violent El Salvador http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-contextos-finds-good-violent-el-salvador-112164 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/GA-ConTextos.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-cdf0efc7-d9dd-8dbb-a7b5-5af3d50420b2">Because Chicagoan and Global Activist, Debra Gittler, &nbsp;wanted to &ldquo;create conditions on-the-ground through literacy education, opportunity and advocacy&rdquo; to help children in Central America thrive, she started the organization <a href="http://contextos.org/">ConTextos</a> and moved to El Salvador. For our Global Activism segment, Gittler is back from El Salvador and will update us on her progress since expanding her mission to work with prisoners in El Salvador&rsquo;s criminal justice system.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/207688530&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 28 May 2015 09:47:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-contextos-finds-good-violent-el-salvador-112164