WBEZ | Spain http://www.wbez.org/tags/spain Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en A vote for Catalan independence http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-10/vote-catalan-independence-111085 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP831599527318.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A majority of the two million Catalan&#39;s who went to the polls on Sunday voted in favor of independence from Spain. We&#39;ll talk about the results with Alan Clendenning, Madrid Bureau Chief for the Associated Press.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: A vote for Catalan independence " on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 10 Nov 2014 11:39:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-10/vote-catalan-independence-111085 Income inequality around the globe and the Catalonian independence movement http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-16/income-inequality-around-globe-and-catalonian-independence-movement <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Catalan independence really fixed.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>New data shows that income inequality continues to grow in the United States. Plus, we find out what&#39;s driving the Catalan independence movement in Spain.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Income inequality and the Catalan indpependence movement" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 16 Sep 2013 11:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-16/income-inequality-around-globe-and-catalonian-independence-movement Great Bull Run to pit thrill-seekers against bulls in Chicago http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/great-bull-run-pit-thrill-seekers-against-bulls-chicago-108296 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Bull Run.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>About 750 people have already signed up for Chicago&rsquo;s bull run next year.</p><p>Next year, Chicago will host an event modeled after the &lsquo;Running of the Bulls&rsquo; in Pamplona, Spain.</p><p>Chicago&rsquo;s bull run will take place at the Hawthorne Race Course and will include 24 bulls chasing participants around a quarter-mile track.</p><p>Rob Dickens is the The Great Bull Run&rsquo;s co-founder and chief operating officer. His company organized similar events throughout the country, beginning in Virginia later this month.</p><p>He said they are doing their best to keep people safe, but he&rsquo;s not making any promises.</p><p>&ldquo;When you think about it, what is a rodeo?&rdquo; Dickens said, &ldquo;A rodeo is a human strapped to a bull&rsquo;s back. A very, very big and aggressive bull, and we allow that all the time and this is really no different. They accept that as what makes the event exciting. You know, you remove the danger then you remove the entire point of the event.&rdquo;</p><p>Dickens says their event will use tame bulls and scalable fences.</p><p>The bulls will come&nbsp;from a ranch in Kentucky and Dickens hopes the same ones will return every year.</p><p><em>Lee Jian Chung is a WBEZ arts and culture intern. Follow him <a href="http://twitter.com/jclee89" target="_blank">@jclee89</a></em></p><p><em></em><em>Correction: A previous version of this story contained an incorrect origin for the bulls in the run. The bulls will come from a ranch in Kentucky.</em></p></p> Tue, 06 Aug 2013 08:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/great-bull-run-pit-thrill-seekers-against-bulls-chicago-108296 A night in Spain, tango obsession and world sports http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-31/weekend-passport-night-spain-tango-obsession-and-world-sports-99723 <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Trio_thumb.jpg" title="The Las Compañeras Dance Company, directed by Melody Vasquez, performing at last year's Night in Spain. oto by St. John Cantius Church)" /></div><p>Men classically dominate the global sports scene. Their female counterparts go unnoticed, especially in developing nations. Elizabeth Stanton, a journalist and documentary filmmaker, traveled to Ecuador on assignment. She noticed a void in coverage of female sports. Thus, she created the <a href="http://throughhereyesproject.tumblr.com/" target="_blank">&ldquo;Through Her Eyes Project,&rdquo;</a> a multimedia experience consisting of large-scale photos and short documentary installments profiling Ecuadorian women in sports.</p><p>&quot;I came back after working at the <em>New York Times</em> because I noticed that there was little work being done regarding women sports in developing countries,&quot; Stanton said. &quot;I wanted to do a project that would profile these women and tell stories that weren&rsquo;t being told.&quot;</p><p><em>Through Her Eyes opening reception; Chicago Art Department at 1932 S. Halsted Street from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.; Friday June 1. </em></p><p>If sports aren&rsquo;t your preferred way to break a sweat, why not try Tango? Sexy is an understatement when you describe the music and dance concert&nbsp;<a href="http://www.chopintheatre.com/event.php?id=2224&amp;pageId=now" target="_blank"><em>Tango Obsession</em>,</a> featuring <a href="http://www.ian-ani.com/fr_home.cfm" target="_blank">Ian+Ani</a> and the <a href="http://tango21chicago.com/home" target="_blank">Tango 21 Dance Company</a>. The innovative music duo is made up of Ian Maksin, a Russian native and cellist, and pianist Ani Gorgova, a native of Bulgaria. Gorgova&#39;s small frame is no indication of how she pounds the black and white keys! This is the second year they will incorporate dance into their show. This year features the Tango 21 Dance Company, lead by Jorge Niedas, and dancers from the Geoffrey Ballet Company. Check out their trailer:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/Yscijw91RKE" width="560"></iframe></p><p><em>Ian+Ani&rsquo;s Tango Obsession premieres Friday June 1 at the Chopin Theatre, 1543 West Division Street at 8 p.m., Saturday 8 p.m. (sold out) and 3 p.m. Sunday June 3.</em><em> Tickets available at the door.</em></p><p>Nothing tops off a weekend abroad like a &quot;Night in Spain.&quot; St. John Cantius Church wraps up this season&rsquo;s concert series with an evening of dancing, music and food. The Chicago landmark (it really is on the Chicago Architectural tour) alternates Spanish dance by Las Compañeras, and the music of Joaquin Turina, Manuel Ponce and Ernesto LeCuona. Soprano Amy Conn also performs. Top that off with local restaurants donating food to last the night... &quot;<span class="short_text" id="result_box" lang="es"><span class="hps">Es demasiado</span> <span class="hps">bueno para ser verdad&quot;</span></span> (It&#39;s too good to be true)!</p><p><em>St. John Cantius Church, 825 N. Carpenter Street, presents a <a href="http://www.cantius.org/go/events/detail/a_night_in_spain/" target="_blank">Night in Spain</a> Saturday June 2 starting at 6 p.m.</em></p><p><span class="short_text" id="result_box" lang="es"><span class="hps">Buen Viaje</span><span>!</span></span><span class="short_text" lang="es"><span> Safe Travels!</span></span></p></p> Fri, 01 Jun 2012 08:34:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-05-31/weekend-passport-night-spain-tango-obsession-and-world-sports-99723 How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 2 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 <p><p>Today we continue the capsule stories of how people from the 28 NATO countries helped build Chicago. The final part will be posted tomorrow.</p><p><strong>Albania</strong>—Chicago has never had a large Albanian population, and no real Albanian neighborhoods. The most prominent local person of Albanian ancestry was probably comedian John Belushi, who grew up in Wheaton.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Albania-St.%20Nicholas.JPG" title="St. Nicholas Albanian Orthodox Church--2701 N. Narragansett Ave."></div><p><strong>Croatia</strong>—Because Croatia didn’t become independent until 1991, Chicago’s Croatians were commonly classified as “Yugoslavians.” Most of the local community life was centered around a few parishes, such as St. Jerome’s in Armour Square. Mayor Michael Bilandic and Alderman Ed Vrdolyak are the city’s most famous Croatians.</p><p><strong>Denmark</strong>—Most of the Chicago’s earliest Danish immigrants settled along the axis of Milwaukee Avenue, close to other Scandinavians. By 1910 there were nearly 20,000 Danes in the city, the majority of them located near North Avenue in Humboldt Park. From there the newer generations moved northwest and gradually dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Denmark-Danish%20Home.jpg" title="The Danish Home--5656 N. Newcastle Ave."></div><p><strong>Greece</strong>—Greeks began arriving in the city as early as 1840. By the turn of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, a thriving community called the Delta was established around the area of Harrison and Halsted. Unlike most other ethnic groups, a large percentage of Greek immigrants remained in America only long enough to make their fortune, then returned to their native land. But enough of them stayed to make Chicago’s Greek settlement one of the country’s biggest.</p><p>Today over 100,000 people of Greek descent live in metro Chicago. During the 1960s, the new University of Illinois campus displaced many residents, and the Greek community dispersed to such areas as Lincoln Square. However, a remnant of the city’s historic Greektown remains on the Near West Side, along Halsted just north of the university. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Iceland</strong>—In all the years I’ve been in Chicago, I’ve only known one person of Icelandic descent. It was the early 1970s, and she lived near Diversey and Central—which you might say made Cragin the city’s Icelandic neighborhood. If there are any more Icelanders out there, let me know.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Norway-Rockne%20%28LofC%29.jpg" style="float: right; height: 339px; width: 250px;" title="A Norwegian immigrant to Chicago: Knute Rockne (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Norway</strong>—Norwegians were among the earliest immigrants to put down roots in Chicago. They lived along Milwaukee Avenue, mainly in Logan Square. By 1900 there were over 40,000 Norwegians in Chicago, including future football legend Knute Rockne. Though the community is no longer concentrated in one area, a Norwegian Constitution Day Parade is staged annually in Park Ridge.</p><p><strong>Poland</strong>—Chicago’s first wave of Polish immigrants started arriving in the 1850s. They settled on the near Northwest Side. St. Stanislaus Kostka parish was founded in 1864, and as more people came, other churches were built. Business, cultural, and political organizations sprang up. The area near Milwaukee and Division became known as Polish Downtown.</p><p>During the 20<sup>th</sup> century, Poles began moving up Milwaukee Avenue toward Niles. Meanwhile, Polish enclaves developed in Back of the Yards, South Chicago, Hegewisch, and other areas. The Poles became the city’s largest ethnic group, and Chicago was said to be "the second biggest Polish city in the world."</p><p>Today the Chicago area counts about 1.5 million people of Polish ancestry. The community has dispersed, though many Poles still live along the Milwaukee Avenue corridor. The Polish Museum of America is located near the onetime Polish Downtown.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Poland-family%20group%2C%201907.jpg" title="Polish family group, 1907. (Author's collection)"></div><p><strong>Portugal</strong>—Portugal sent an official delegation to the 1893 Columbian Exposition. Yet as late as 1940 there were only 47 Portuguese residents in all of Cook County. The current metro population is said to be about 3,000.</p><p><strong>Spain</strong>—Though Chicago’s Hispanic community is large, the number of ethnic Spaniards has always been very small. The latest estimate puts the number of Spaniards in the Chicago metro area at about 500.</p></p> Wed, 16 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 Weekend Passport April 13th http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-13/segment/weekend-passport-april-13th-98211 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/YtoBarradaExhibit.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Each Friday on our Weekend Passport segment, Jerome and global citizen <a href="http://www.pasfarda.org/NarimonSafavi.htm" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Nari Safavi</a>, one of the founders of <a href="http://www.pasfarda.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Pasfarda Arts and Cultural Exchange</a>, help you find a way to experience another country without having to buy a plane ticket.</p><p>This weekend, renowned Spanish director <a href="http://www.venturapons.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Ventura Pons</a> is in town for the <a href="http://chicagolatinofilmfestival.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Latino Film Festival</a>. He&#39;ll be accepting the <a href="http://chicagolatinofilmfestival.org/film-awards/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Gloria Award</a> for his work as the one of the most prominent Catalan filmmakers. Fans will have a chance to meet him this Saturday at the <a href="http://www.landmarktheatres.com/market/chicago/chicago_frameset.htm" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Landmark Century Theatre</a> after a screening of his 2000 film, <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0277578/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;"><em>Anita No Perd El Tren</em></a> (<em>Anita Takes a Chance</em>). The director will stick around after the show for a Q &amp; A session.&nbsp; You can also see a screening of his latest film, <em>Year of Grace</em>, tonight at 6:00pm at the <a href="http://www.amctheatres.com/movie-theatres/amc-river-east-21" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">AMC River East Theater</a>.</p><p>Also, the <a href="http://adfilmfest.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Architecture and Design Film Festival</a> is having a panel discussion on the exportation of culture called <em>Architect as Diplomat: Embassies and What They Communicate</em>.&nbsp;The panel is based on the ideas presented by Jord Den Hollander in his film, <em><a href="http://www.missionstatements.nl/1/synopsis.asp" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Mission Statements</a>. </em>The film explores how the architecture of embassies functions in the society where they are placed. You can weigh-in on whether exporting culture through architecture is good or bad, see how it&#39;s done, and learn about the role architecture plays in the international conversation tonight at 5:30pm at the <a href="http://www.musicboxtheatre.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Music Box Theater</a>. The event is free and panelists include Dutch architect and filmmaker Jord den Hollander and architect and architecture historian <a href="http://www.som.com/content.cfm/eric_keune" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Eric Keune</a>. The panel is moderated by <a href="http://www.victorialautman.com/about.shtml" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Victoria Lautman</a>.<br /><br />Last but not least, <a href="http://www.artic.edu/webspaces/interlink/hamzawalkerbio.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Hamza Walker</a>, the associate curator and director of education at the <a href="http://www.renaissancesociety.org/site/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Renaissance Society</a>, tells <em>Worldview </em>about&nbsp; <a href="http://www.renaissancesociety.org/site/Exhibitions/Intro.Yto-Barrada-Riffs.625.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">RIFFS</a>, an the exhibit featuring the work of photographer <a href="http://www.ytobarrada.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Yto Barrada</a>. The photographs&nbsp; depict a socio-political and autobiographical portrait of the developments that have taken place around the city of Tangiers in last 15 years. The exhibit runs through April 22, but there&#39;s a free lecture this Sunday at 2pm called <em>Globalization on the Margins, Tangiers&rsquo; Socio-Spatial Fabric</em>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Happy travels!</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 13 Apr 2012 10:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-13/segment/weekend-passport-april-13th-98211 Mural restoration heartens Puerto Ricans http://www.wbez.org/story/mural-restoration-heartens-puerto-ricans-92248 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-September/2011-09-21/mural-2_WBEZ_Chip-Mitchell.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>One of the country’s oldest outdoor murals covers a storefront on Chicago’s Northwest Side. People who care about the 40-year-old painting are finishing a facelift. The mural restoration is doing more than brightening up a gritty stretch of North Avenue. It’s got Puerto Ricans in the Humboldt Park neighborhood talking about their heritage.</p><p>MITCHELL: A celebration of the restoration included music with roots in Puerto Rican slave plantations.&nbsp;José López of the Puerto Rican Cultural Center recalled the artists who painted the mural in 1971.</p><p>LOPEZ: Young Puerto Ricans from the street — people who were marginalized — decided to give us a legacy for our historical memory.</p><p>MITCHELL: The mural covers the side of 2423 W. North Ave. and includes portraits of nine Puerto Ricans who struggled for abolition and the island’s independence from Spain and, later, the United States. Three of them are on crosses. Those three all served long U.S. prison terms in the mid-20th century. The artists, led by Mario Galán, named the mural “La Crucifixión de Don Pedro Albizu Campos” after a Puerto Rican Nationalist Party founder. They put him on the biggest cross. López said the mural has special meaning in a part of Chicago where many Puerto Ricans can no longer afford to live.</p><p>LOPEZ: Gentrification means, many times, the writing away of people’s history.</p><p>MITCHELL: Restoring the mural took a decade. Neighborhood leader Eduardo Arocho attributes that to a developer who owned a vacant lot in front of the work.</p><p>AROCHO: His plans were to develop a three-story condo unit. We tried negotiating with him for several months, even at one point offering him several lots in exchange. And he refused and he just started to build the wall, covering the mural intentionally. And so that’s when we grabbed our picket signs and started to protest.</p><p>MITCHELL: The city finally won control of the lot and helped turn it into a small park to keep the mural visible.</p><p>PITMAN WEBER: It’s remarkable that this mural has survived.</p><p>MITCHELL: John Pitman Weber is a professor at Elmhurst College in DuPage County. He has studied and created public art for more than four decades. And he provided consulting for this mural’s restoration, carried out by Humboldt Park artist John Vergara.</p><p>PITMAN WEBER: Its content is unique, not only in Chicago but nationally.</p><p>MITCHELL: And aesthetics? Pitman Weber calls the mural formal and stark.</p><p>PITMAN WEBER: Kind of Byzantine, in a way, quasi-naïve -- executed by some very, very young artists. The style possibly even adds clarity.</p><p>MITCHELL: Not all Puerto Ricans appreciate the artwork or the idea of the island breaking from the U.S. But when I ask the ones who walk by, most have strong attachments to the mural.</p><p>WOMAN 1: My mom used to go to St. Aloysius. My parents did and so...</p><p>MITCHELL: That’s a church right here.</p><p>WOMAN 1: It’s a church down the street. I used to go there when I was a little girl. And my mom would drive us to church and that’s how I knew we were getting close is when I’d see the mural almost every Sunday.</p><p>MAN 1: I see Don Pedro on the cross being crucified for what he believed in. Crucified the same way as Jesus!</p><p>WOMAN 2: I used to get up every morning and look at this mural.</p><p>MAN 2: I went to prison. I was 17 years old and I went to prison for 20 years. And, during those 20 years, when I used to think about home and I used to think about Humboldt Park, it was this mural that I used to think about.</p><p>MITCHELL: Why is that?</p><p>MAN 2: I remember when I was first looking at it, I think I was maybe 9 or 10 when I first noticed it, I didn’t know anything about Puerto Rican history. To me it was just a painting that was up there. I didn’t understand who was up there, what it was about. But when I went to prison I learned about my culture, I learned about who I was. I even got this guy on my arm. Two of these guys are on my arm.</p><p>MITCHELL: Tattoos.</p><p>MAN 2: Yeah, Pedro Albizu Campos on my right arm and I got Ramón Emeterio Betances on my left arm. And I think I can attribute that to this mural, man.</p><p>MITCHELL: The mural restoration will be complete with the addition of calligraphy this fall.</p></p> Wed, 21 Sep 2011 12:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/mural-restoration-heartens-puerto-ricans-92248 Proposed European credit rating agency set to give American “big three” competition http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-21/proposed-european-credit-rating-agency-set-give-american-%E2%80%9Cbig-three%E2%80%9D-com <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-21/german.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>American credit ratings agencies recently downgraded Greece, Portugal and Ireland’s debt to junk status, making it harder for the EU to avoid an economic meltdown. In Europe, there’s growing discontent over these agencies’ unchecked power. Earlier this week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for the creation of a new European credit ratings agency.</p><p><a href="http://www.rolandberger.com/expertise/experts/expert_profile/rbsc-exp-Markus_Krall.html" target="_blank">Markus Krall</a>, an economist at Roland Burger in Germany who's leading the effort, tells us how it would work.</p></p> Thu, 21 Jul 2011 15:06:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-21/proposed-european-credit-rating-agency-set-give-american-%E2%80%9Cbig-three%E2%80%9D-com