WBEZ | the University of Chicago http://www.wbez.org/tags/university-chicago-0 Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Secrets from the Tomb: The hunt for Chicago's mummies http://www.wbez.org/blogs/alison-cuddy/2014-03/secrets-tomb-hunt-chicagos-mummies-109934 <p><p>Who would have thought the ancient dead could actually break news? But that&rsquo;s exactly what happened when I embarked on my hunt for Chicago&rsquo;s mummies.</p><p>The Art Institute of Chicago (AIC) invited me to tag along in February as they took their two mummies, Paankhenamun and Wenuhotep, to be scanned at the University of Chicago.</p><p>The video below will give you a good idea of what that trip involved, and why everyone - from radiologists to Egyptologists to ambulance drivers, were fascinated by the process.<a name="video"></a></p><p><strong><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="349" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/gopKCYXkdOg" width="620"></iframe></strong></p><p>The results of the scans are already coming in, and though the mummies are not currently on display, if they do go back to the galleries some relabeling will be in order - listen to the radio story above to find out why.</p><p>It was news to me that the AIC even had mummies. Like The Field Museum and the Oriental Institute (OI) of the University of Chicago, the AIC got theirs toward the end of the 19th century, when people on science expeditions and tourist junkets alike became captivated with ancient Egypt.</p><p>Mummies continue to&mdash;bad pun alert&mdash;walk the line between cultural object and scientific specimen. What sometimes gets lost beneath the bandages and elaborately decorated coffins is the fact that mummies were humans too.</p><p>Until a few decades ago, if someone wanted to verify that fact, they would simply unwrap it - as in this somewhat ghoulish photograph of a researcher undoing the linen wrapping on one of the Oriental Institute&rsquo;s mummies.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Unwrap%20mummy.jpg" style="height: 422px; width: 620px;" title="Date/individual unknown. Bad mummy tech: An unidentified employee unwraps one of the Oriental Institute’s mummies in approximately 1910 (archival photo courtesy of The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago) " /></p><p>I&rsquo;m struck by how casual it all seems, this act that we now view as a desecration. The two people conversing in the background, the fact that the researcher&rsquo;s not even wearing gloves!</p><p>But many mummies were unwrapped, some by institutions and others by upper crust tourists, who thought they&rsquo;d have a little fun with the souvenir they picked up on their tour of Europe.</p><p>The mummy in this photograph is still at the Oriental, though it hasn&rsquo;t been displayed since the 1960s or &lsquo;70s. Oriental Institute Egyptologist Emily Teeter took me back to see her and despite being prepared, I was still startled.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/mummy%20unwrapped.PNG" style="height: 282px; width: 620px;" title="Unwrapped mummified remains. (WBEZ/Alison Cuddy)" /></div><p>But now we can see inside mummies, thanks to images generated by CT scans. Scanning is the cutting edge of mummy research and exhibition, and it&rsquo;s driving a new interest in the ancient dead, among the public and at institutions.</p><p>Here you see the incredibly detailed views these machines allow, from a recent scan of the Field&rsquo;s mummy known only as the Gilded Lady (a woman who died in her early 40s and was entombed in the early Ptolemaic period).</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/mummy_sidebyside.jpg" title="(images courtesy of the Field Museum)" /></div><p>Given Chicago&rsquo;s rather large mummy population, local hospital scanners are sure to be kept busy over the coming years.</p><p>The chart and map below gives you a sense of how many we have, and what the main collections include, from Peruvian mummy &ldquo;bundles&rdquo; at the Field, to mummy parts, including a monkey&rsquo;s paw and other bits of animals at the Oriental.</p><p>I haven&rsquo;t verified this, but Chicago might just be the mummy capital of America.</p><p><strong>What sort of mummies are in the Field Museum&#39;s collection?</strong></p><p><iframe height="360" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/WBEZ-Graphics/mummy_graphs/field.html" width="620"></iframe></p><p><strong>What sort of mummies are in the Oriental Institute collection?</strong></p><p><iframe height="460" src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/WBEZ-Graphics/mummy_graphs/oriential.html" width="620"></iframe></p><p>Bob Martin, emeritus curator at the Field, said they are planning to re-do their permanent Egyptian collection, and include more digital elements (like a touch-screen table top display that allows you to virtually unwrap one of their mummies).</p><p>The Art Institute&rsquo;s mummies aren&rsquo;t currently on display, though curator Mary Greuel hopes any information gleaned from the University of Chicago scans will eventually be part of an exhibition..</p><p>I also found some stray mummies. There is one in the Social Studies department at Naperville Central High School.</p><p>And if you pay a visit to the Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary library you can view the mummy of a young girl, known as Hawara Portrait Mummy #4.</p><p><strong>Map: Where are Chicago&#39;s mummies?<a name="map"></a></strong></p><p><strong><iframe frameborder="no" height="300" scrolling="no" src="https://www.google.com/fusiontables/embedviz?q=select+col1+from+1O8JcaqBRIzHJbqYxbjLyLBBTiZXqw7z4Pg9T6oV6&amp;viz=MAP&amp;h=false&amp;lat=41.88994363687098&amp;lng=-87.93986547851563&amp;t=1&amp;z=9&amp;l=col1&amp;y=2&amp;tmplt=2&amp;hml=ONE_COL_LAT_LNG" width="620"></iframe></strong><br /><br />Do you know of any local mummies we may have missed? Let us know - we&rsquo;d love to add them to our inventory!</p></p> Fri, 28 Mar 2014 11:41:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/alison-cuddy/2014-03/secrets-tomb-hunt-chicagos-mummies-109934 Grateful to her doctor, a patient gives $42 million http://www.wbez.org/story/grateful-her-doctor-patient-gives-42-million-92298 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-September/2011-09-21/IMG_3801.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Doctors and patients don’t always speak the same language. That has real consequences: poor communication is linked to worse health outcomes for a whole slew of conditions. On Thursday morning the University of Chicago is announcing the creation of <a href="http://mindonline.uchicago.edu/media/HOSPITAL/sept2011/Announcement_Video-final_CMIG_768K.mov">an institute centered on improving the relationship between physicians and patients.</a> It began because one couple was so moved by their doctor’s care, they wanted to nudge all of medicine toward a different way of thinking.</p><p>When Kay Bucksbaum moved to Chicago, she and her husband Matthew needed a new doctor.</p><p>A friend hooked them up with Mark Siegler at the University of Chicago, joking that the healthy couple would rarely need him.</p><p>BUCKSBAUM: As soon as we moved here, almost, my husband needed some major surgery. The attention he gave to finding an appropriate specialist for him, standing by in the operating room …</p><p>Bucksbaum says she was continually impressed by that kind of care – personal, empathetic, there was eye contact and even the occasional house call.</p><p>Siegler, who’s also a leading medical ethicist, has thought a lot about this.</p><p>He’s seen the ways a medical encounter can alienate patients, so tries to humanize the whole experience.</p><p>SIEGLER: In order to care well for a patient, you have to actually care about the patient.</p><p>That can be as simple as getting someone’s test results out quickly, or personally introducing the patient to a specialist.</p><p>Siegler says for years, medical students were taught to stay detached – to hold patients at arm’s length.</p><p>Kay Bucksbaum started thinking about ways to make inroads into that old way of thinking.</p><p>BUCKSBAUM: Why is it that students who decide to take medicine so often decide that with a lot of altruism in mind, and somehow a lot of that seems to get lost in the process?</p><p>Here’s where you need to know that Kay Bucksbaum isn’t just any patient.</p><p>Her husband Matthew was co-founder of General Growth Properties, long the nation’s second-largest shopping mall owner.</p><p>They had some money to give.</p><p>BUCKSBAUM: Well I certainly didn’t start out thinking I want to make a really big gift. What we started out thinking, though, was what we wanted to accomplish.&nbsp;</p><p>The family foundation came up with $42 million</p><p>– one of the largest donations ever given to the University of Chicago.</p><p>It will fund the Bucksbaum Institute for Clinical Excellence, training doctors and med students how to better relate to their patients.</p><p>Siegler will direct it, and he says it’s not just about being nice.</p><p>SIEGLER: It’s been shown that effective doctor-patient relationships can improve outcomes in diabetes, arthritis, chronic headaches, it’s quite amazing.</p><p>WEINER: I think it’s something patients have been frustrated about for a long time.</p><p>Dr. Saul Weiner of the University of Illinois at Chicago has done extensive research on doctor-patient interactions.</p><p>He says medicine is coming around, if slowly.</p><p>WEINER: Although communication skills are now taught in medical schools, they’re taught as a set of, almost, procedures.</p><p>And there are still a lot of things that get in the way for many doctors – economic pressure, high patient loads, technology.</p><p>Mark Siegler, a senior physician at a well-heeled institution, acknowledges not all doctors have the luxury of time and resources.</p><p>But he says it doesn’t cost money to treat patients like people.</p><p>SIEGLER: It is not too much to ask doctors to communicate clearly and effectively with patients from all backgrounds and all levels of education. This can happen to anybody in any practice setting.</p><p>Through coursework, research and most of all mentoring, Siegler wants to get across that credo – caring for a patient means caring about the patient.&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 21 Sep 2011 21:26:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/grateful-her-doctor-patient-gives-42-million-92298 Two universities combine forces to reduce maternal mortality http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-22/two-universities-combine-forces-reduce-maternal-mortality-89520 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-22/AP110324052122.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Nigeria has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world. And, though the U.S. is highly developed, it trails behind 49 other countries, including Kuwait, Bulgaria and South Korea.</p><p>Today we hear about a partnership between Dr. Oladosu Ojengbede, director of the <a href="http://www.comui.edu.ng/" target="_blank">Centre for Population and Reproductive Health</a> at the University College Hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria, and Dr. Melissa Gilliam, director of <a href="http://www.chicagofamilyplanning.org/" target="_blank">Family Planning</a> at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Chicago. Introduced by filmmaker Dawn Sinclair Shapiro, the two doctors are forging a partnership between their universities to explore how the U.S. and Nigeria can learn from each other and improve their respective strategies on maternal healthcare.</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 22 Jul 2011 17:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-22/two-universities-combine-forces-reduce-maternal-mortality-89520