WBEZ | medical practice http://www.wbez.org/tags/medical-practice Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en In France, abortion no longer a political issue http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/france%20abortion%20de%20beauvoir%20AP.jpg" title="In 1971, Simone de Beauvoir signed the 'Le Manifeste des 343,' a list of famous women claiming to have had illegal abortions. (AP/Jean-Jacques Levy)" /></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 8, 2011.</em></p><p>As part of our occasional&nbsp;series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a>, we compare the abortion debate in countries other than the U.S. Monday we start in France.</p><p>At first blush, it would seem as though France has a lot in common with the U.S. when it comes to reproductive rights issues: Both legalized abortion in the 1970s and both had influential feminist movements that advocated changing the law and removing barriers to access.</p><p>But the similarities end there. In France, abortion has moved outside the political realm and into accepted medical practice.</p><p>What&rsquo;s behind this divergence? In an interview, Indiana University political science professor Jean Robinson argued it all started with a reframing of the concept in public debate.&nbsp;</p><p>In the 1970s, a group of several hundred prominent and powerful women, including renowned philosopher Simone de Beauvoir, signed a major newspaper ad admitting to having had an illegal abortion at some point in their lives. The media spectacle made it clear that abortion was an issue for&nbsp;<em>all</em>&nbsp;women, not just women seen as promiscuous or uneducated, spurring a national mood change towards the discussion.</p><p>The language that was used to talk about abortion was also changed. Beginning in the &#39;70s, the French word for abortion was taken out of use in public debates, and replaced by a term that translates as &ldquo;voluntary interruption of pregnancy.&rdquo; The change helped desensitize the issue and kept the conversation about abortion within a medical scope.</p><p>&ldquo;In France, abortion is a health care issue for women &mdash; not a moral, political or religious issue,&rdquo; Robinson said.</p><p>That&#39;s a sharp contrast to the way the issue is framed in the U.S. &mdash; where abortion activists are still referred to as &ldquo;pro-choice&rdquo; or &ldquo;pro-life.&rdquo;</p><p>The difference shows. &ldquo;France has fewer abortions than the United States &mdash; some of the lowest rates in Europe,&rdquo; Robinson pointed out.&nbsp;</p><p>There are several reasons for this, Robinson said, a big one being that sex education in France starts in the 6<sup>th</sup> grade. Also, there&rsquo;s a family stipend provided by the government: For every child born, the family gets money from the state.</p><p>&ldquo;There isn&rsquo;t real pressure to <em>not</em> have the abortion in most urban centers,&rdquo; Robinson said. &ldquo;But there is an attempt to reassure women from the state, that they will have full support if they keep the child.&rdquo;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 Worldview 8.10.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-81011 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2011-august/2011-08-03/portugal.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In the third installment of our weeklong <em><a href="http://wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em> series on the abortion debate in other countries, we go to Portugal. The Portuguese government legalized voluntary abortions up to the 10th week of pregnancy in 2007. Despite the changes, many doctors still refuse to perform the procedure. Beatriz Padilla, a senior researcher at Center for Research and Studies in Sociology at the <a href="http://www.iscte-iul.pt/home.aspx" target="_blank">University Institute of Lisbon</a>, explains the situation. Later in the hour, we meet <a href="http://www.choying.com/" target="_blank">Ani Choying Drolma</a>, a Nepali Buddhist nun. She founded an organization that supports the education and welfare of Buddhist nuns in her country. Drolma tells us her story and performs a few of her songs in WBEZ’s <a href="http://chicagopublicmedia.org/studios" target="_blank">Jim and Kay Mabie Performance Studio</a>.</p></p> Wed, 10 Aug 2011 14:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-81011