WBEZ | feminism http://www.wbez.org/tags/feminism Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en How Suffragists used cookbooks as a recipe for subversion http://www.wbez.org/news/how-suffragists-used-cookbooks-recipe-subversion-113690 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/suff.JPG" alt="" /><p><div id="res454332896" previewtitle="Members of the women's suffrage movement prepare to march on New York's Wall Street in 1913, armed with leaflets and slogans demanding the vote for women."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Members of the women's suffrage movement prepare to march on New York's Wall Street in 1913, armed with leaflets and slogans demanding the vote for women." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/03/gettyimages-2667800-0419d9d916a3f0bcfb40103d684acb437c368c36-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 464px; width: 620px;" title="Members of the women's suffrage movement prepare to march on New York's Wall Street in 1913, armed with leaflets and slogans demanding the vote for women. (Paul Thompson/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>In the new Meryl Streep period movie&nbsp;<em>Suffragette</em>, Englishwomen march on the streets, smash shop windows and stage sit-ins to demand the vote. Less well-known is that across the pond, a less cinematic resistance was being staged via that most humble vehicle: the cookbook.</p></div></div></div><p>Between 1886, when the first American suffragist cookbook was published, and 1920, when the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted women the right to vote, there were at least a half-dozen cookbooks published by suffragette associations in the country.</p><p>These books were the descendants of the post-Civil War charity cookbooks, published to raise funds for war victims and church-related issues.</p><p>The suffrage cookbooks came garnished with propaganda for the Great Cause: the fight for getting women the right to vote. Recipes ranged from basic guidelines on brewing tea and boiling rice, to epicurean ones for Almond Parfait and the ever-popular&nbsp;<a href="http://www.saveur.com/article/Recipes/Lady-Baltimore-Cake-">Lady Baltimore Cake</a>, a layered Southern confection draped in boiled meringue frosting. Occasionally, there was a startling entry, such as that for Emergency Salad: one-tenth onion and nine-tenths apple with any salad dressing. But the bulk comprised a soothing flow of soups, gravies, breads, roasts, pies, omelets, salads, pickles and puddings.</p><div id="res454333920" previewtitle="Cover of The Woman Suffrage Cook Book, published in 1886. Hattie Burr, the editor, noted proudly that &quot;among the contributors are many who are eminent in their professions as teachers, lecturers, physicians, ministers, and authors — whose names are household words in the land.&quot;"><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Cover of The Woman Suffrage Cook Book, published in 1886. Hattie Burr, the editor, noted proudly that &quot;among the contributors are many who are eminent in their professions as teachers, lecturers, physicians, ministers, and authors — whose names are household words in the land.&quot;" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/03/book43_cover_custom-b9ce0dc3eac54f9c7c18ffe409a2667cfc654be4-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 826px; width: 540px;" title="Cover of The Woman Suffrage Cook Book, published in 1886. Hattie Burr, the editor, noted proudly that &quot;among the contributors are many who are eminent in their professions as teachers, lecturers, physicians, ministers, and authors — whose names are household words in the land.&quot; (Special Collections/Michigan State University Libraries)" /></div><div><div><p>Today, some might ask: What were feminists doing printing cookbooks? Wasn&#39;t their whole movement aimed at empowering women beyond home and hearth?</p></div></div></div><p>&quot;Women used what they knew, what they could to champion their causes,&quot; eminent culinary archivist Jan Longone explained during a 2008<a href="http://lecb.physics.lsa.umich.edu/wl/carma/2008/20080921-clements/20080921-umwlcd0011-150544/flash.html">&nbsp;lecture&nbsp;</a>at the University of Michigan, where she is adjunct curator of the&nbsp;<a href="http://clements.umich.edu/longone-archive.php">Janice Bluestein Longone Culinary Archive</a>. &quot;If that meant baking a cake or cooking a dinner or writing a cookbook, they did that. I need not remind the audience that for most of the 19th century, a woman had no control over her own money, her own children, her own destiny.&quot;</p><p>But, as Longone points out, these cookbooks were also a strategic rebuttal to the snide jokes and hurtful innuendo directed against suffragists, who were painted as neglectful mothers and kitchen-hating harridans, busy politicking while their children starved. The assertion these books sought to buttress was that &quot;good cooking and sure voting went hand in hand,&quot; to quote the 1909<em> Washington Women&#39;s Cook Book</em>, which opened with the couplet:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>Give us the vote and we will cook<br />The Better for a wide outlook</em></p></div></blockquote><p>On Dec. 13, 1886, America&#39;s first suffragist cookbook,&nbsp;<em>The Woman&#39;s Suffrage Cook Book</em>, was launched on a drizzly but sold-out evening at a fundraiser at the Boston music hall. The hall was decorated with a white banner bearing the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association motto, &quot;Male and female created He them, and gave them dominion.&quot;</p><p>Members included the novelist Louisa May Alcott, who would become the first woman registered to vote in Concord. Though she hadn&#39;t contributed a recipe, Alcott had just published&nbsp;<em>Jo&#39;s Boys</em>, the final book of her&nbsp;<em>Little Women</em>&nbsp;series, into which she had slipped in a droll description of a statue of Minerva, the goddess of wisdom, sporting a &quot;Women&#39;s Rights&quot; slogan on her shield and a helmet ornamented with &quot;a tiny pestle and mortar&quot; &mdash; a divine nod to the compatibility between cooking and voting.</p><p>Recipes were contributed by regular housewives who carried a &quot;Mrs.&quot; before their name, as well as a parade of prominent suffragists who didn&#39;t.</p><p>Irish Stew, for instance, came courtesy of Cora Scott Pond, a militant prohibitionist (she declined fermented communion wine) and real-estate investor who had refused to wear a corset starting at the age of 16.</p><p>Chicago obstetrician and gynecologist Alice Bunker Stockham, the fifth woman to become a licensed doctor in the U.S., sent in an elaborate recipe for Coraline Cake, which called for the cake to be split and infused with strawberry or raspberry juice, then filled with boiled custard to make a sort of &quot;French pie.&quot;</p><p>Dr. Stockham was anti-alcohol and anti-corset but &mdash; extraordinarily for her time &ndash; pro-masturbation. She publicly endorsed it as healthy for both men and women. Her unorthodox stand positioned her as the antithesis to Sylvester Graham, the Presbyterian reformer who believed&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/01/looking-to-quell-sexual-urges-consider-the-graham-cracker/282769/">rich food inflamed sexual appetite</a>, and who invented the Graham cracker (made with unrefined flour) to help Americans tame their sexual desires. By the Rev. Graham&#39;s standards, the Coraline Cake was positively orgiastic.</p><div id="res454333389" previewtitle="Among those contributing to the first suffragist cookbook, published in 1886, was Alice Bunker Stockham, a Chicago obstetrician and gynecologist who sent in an elaborate recipe for Coraline Cake. Stockham was anti-alcohol and anti-corset but — extraordinarily for her time — pro-masturbation."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Among those contributing to the first suffragist cookbook, published in 1886, was Alice Bunker Stockham, a Chicago obstetrician and gynecologist who sent in an elaborate recipe for Coraline Cake. Stockham was anti-alcohol and anti-corset but — extraordinarily for her time — pro-masturbation." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/03/alice_stockham_custom-2589fd7eff1c32458ac3c1bdfca9d65a5699672f-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 510px; width: 340px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Among those contributing to the first suffragist cookbook, published in 1886, was Alice Bunker Stockham, a Chicago obstetrician and gynecologist who sent in an elaborate recipe for Coraline Cake. Stockham was anti-alcohol and anti-corset but — extraordinarily for her time — pro-masturbation. (Wikimedia Commons)" /></div><div><div><p>Julia A. Kellogg, star student of novelist Henry James&#39; father, contributed a veal sausage recipe. Though Henry James Sr. was in favor of universal suffrage, he forecast that &quot;women wouldn&#39;t avail themselves of it when it was granted.&quot; When Kellogg disagreed, they quarreled, according to Alfred Habegger&#39;s&nbsp;<em>Henry James</em>&nbsp;and the <em>&#39;Woman Business.&#39;</em></p></div></div></div><p>Anna Ella Carroll,&nbsp;a political writer&nbsp;from Maryland&nbsp;who freed her slaves when Abraham Lincoln was elected president, and who advised him during the Civil War, sent in gruesomely explicit advice for Terrapin Soup. (<a href="http://www.saveur.com/history-of-turtle-soup-hunting" target="_blank">Turtle soup&nbsp;</a>was once an American delicacy.)</p><p>&quot;Decidedly, the terrapin has to be killed before cooking, and the killing is no easy matter,&quot; she wrote. &quot;The head must be cut off, and, as the sight is peculiarly acute, the cook must exercise great ingenuity in concealing the weapon.&quot; The decapitated terrapin was then to be &quot;boiled until the feet can be easily pulled off.&quot;</p><p>Sold at fairs, bazaars and women&#39;s exchanges, these cookbooks not only raised funds for the suffrage movement, says Longone, but also&nbsp;helped women network, and gain new skills in the fields of publishing, advertising and sales.</p><p>In 1891, the Equal Suffrage Association of Rockford, Ill., published&nbsp;<em>The Holiday Gift Cook Book</em>. At the time, the state&#39;s constitutional law stated: &quot;Idiots, lunatics, paupers, felons and women shall not be entitled to vote.&quot;</p><div id="res454333079" previewtitle="Martha Gruening, a suffragist leader, distributes literature on the movement to passersby in New York City, circa 1912. She later earned a law degree from New York University and was active in the civil rights movement."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Martha Gruening, a suffragist leader, distributes literature on the movement to passersby in New York City, circa 1912. She later earned a law degree from New York University and was active in the civil rights movement." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/03/gettyimages-3087723-6ab5c755bc28e45d96b6bda2d442a4a53d4be0db-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Martha Gruening, a suffragist leader, distributes literature on the movement to passersby in New York City, circa 1912. She later earned a law degree from New York University and was active in the civil rights movement. (Paul Thompson/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Recipes were interspersed with pro-suffrage quotes by famous people such as British politician William Gladstone and abolitionist author Harriet Beecher Stowe. &quot;Of these, the most poignant plea is that of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross,&quot; says Longone.</p></div></div></div><p>Barton, a legendary Civil War nurse known as the &quot;Angel of the Battlefield,&quot; wrote, &quot;When you were sick and wounded I toiled for you on the battlefield. Because of my work for you, I ask your aid. I ask the ballot for myself and my sex. As I stood by you, I pray you stand by me and mine.&quot;</p><p>Perhaps the most fascinating of these cookbooks came from Pittsburgh in 1915.&nbsp;The <em>Suffrage Cook Book&nbsp;</em>was a sumptuous cake layered with recipes, celebrity endorsements, photographs and saucy jokes.</p><div id="res454334817" previewtitle="Recipes from the Woman Suffrage Cook Book, including one for &quot;Graham Bread&quot; attributed to Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Beecher Stowe's sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Recipes from the Woman Suffrage Cook Book, including one for &quot;Graham Bread&quot; attributed to Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Beecher Stowe's sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/03/10311203585_bd98a36878_o_custom-7b67d9dfb965a79c6c1047d34c008765a4ea9ec4-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 504px; width: 540px;" title="Recipes from the Woman Suffrage Cook Book, including one for &quot;Graham Bread&quot; attributed to Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Beecher Stowe's sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association. (Schlesinger Library/Flickr)" /></div><div><div><p>The blue cover featured a silhouette of Uncle Sam piloting the ship of state with a wheel that has only 12.5 spokes. &quot;The 12 spokes were for those states where women could vote before the 19th Amendment &mdash; all Western states,&quot; explained Longone. &quot;The half-spoke was for Illinois, which, at the time, allowed women to vote only in school board elections.&quot;</p></div></div></div><p>Its pages were sprinkled with recipes carrying playful titles like &quot;Hymen Cake,&quot; &quot;Mother&#39;s Election Cake,&quot; &quot;Suffrage Salad Dressing,&quot; &quot;Suffrage Angel Cake&quot; and &quot;Parliament Gingerbread (With apologies to the English Suffragists).&quot; There were satirical recipes, too, such as &quot;Pie for a Suffragist&#39;s Doubting Husband,&quot; whose ingredients made for a doleful litany:</p><blockquote><div><ul><li>1 qt. milk human kindness</li><li>8 reasons:</li><li>War</li><li>White Slavery</li><li>Child Labor</li><li>8,000,000 Working Women</li><li>Bad Roads</li><li>Poisonous Water</li><li>Impure Food</li><li>Mix the crust with tact and velvet gloves, using no sarcasm, especially with the upper crust. Upper crusts must be handled with extreme care, for they quickly sour if manipulated roughly.</li></ul></div></blockquote><p>Another recipe, for &quot;Anti&#39;s Favorite Hash&quot; &mdash; &quot;anti&quot; being shorthand for those against the Great Cause &mdash; called for a generous handful of injustice, a pound of truth thoroughly mangled, a little vitriol for tang, and a string of nonsense to be stirred with a sharp knife.</p><p>The contributors were all women, apart from a few celebrity male feminists like writer Jack London, who sent in two recipes: roast duck (&quot;the plucked bird should be stuffed with a tight handful of plain raw celery&quot;), and a version of stuffed celery, which called for Roquefort cheese, softened with butter and sherry, to be &quot;squeezed into the troughs&quot; of the celery sticks.</p><p>Exhibiting political savvy,&nbsp;The <em>Suffrage Cook Book&#39;s</em>&nbsp;editor, Mrs. L.O. Kleber, had invited endorsements from governors of eight states that had passed female suffrage laws (Wyoming, Arizona, California, Kansas, Idaho, Illinois, Washington and Oregon). These eminences were fulsome in their praise of women as intelligent, diligent and patriotic voters &mdash; but only up to a point.</p><p>As Idaho Gov. Moses Alexander wrote: &quot;The impression that Woman Suffrage inspires an ambition in women to seek and hold public office is altogether wrong. The contrary is true.&quot;</p><p>Hillary Clinton, Nancy Pelosi, Jan Brewer, Nikki Haley and a host of other women would surely chuckle at that.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/11/05/454246666/how-suffragists-used-cookbooks-as-a-recipe-for-subversion?ft=nprml&amp;f=454246666" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 06 Nov 2015 16:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/how-suffragists-used-cookbooks-recipe-subversion-113690 The outraged muses of María María Acha-Kutscher http://www.wbez.org/news/outraged-muses-mar%C3%ADa-mar%C3%ADa-acha-kutscher-113098 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/aprob-same-sex-marriage-jun.jpg" alt="" /><p><div style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/gallery/aprob-same-sex-marriage-jun.jpg?itok=lIVfGnf5" style="height: 338px; width: 600px;" title="Supreme Court, Washington D.C. 2015 (Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div><div style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</div><div><em>&quot;Historically, it&#39;s important to show that political actions and social changes were always made by women and men together,&quot; she says. &quot;Women were always there but weren&#39;t always visible.&quot;</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Her &#39;Indignadas&#39; (Outraged Women) series is a visual record of women who participate in public protests around the world. Acha-Kutscher takes photographs from the press and &quot;witnesses&quot; them into colorful illustrations that she then prints onto tarps and hangs in public spaces.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><p><strong>Isis Madrid</strong>: Tell me about yourself. How did you become the artist that you are today?</p><p><strong>María María</strong><strong> Acha-Kutscher:&nbsp;</strong>I am a feminist visual artist. I am 47. I was born in Lima,&nbsp;Peru, to a family of German origin, and further back&nbsp;I have Chinese and African roots, too. That means I have a multicultural identity, and that&#39;s pushed me to have a global worldview. I&#39;ve never felt rooted to a place.&nbsp;I always feel that I belong to many places. I inherited cultural capital from my father, a filmmaker and photographer, my grandfather, an art theorist, and my great-grandfather, a theater theorist. &nbsp;</p><div><div><p>I studied arts in Lima. I lived in Mexico City for 10 years working as an art director for advertising agencies. Then I moved to Madrid in 2001, where I started to develop my artistic work.&nbsp;I co-direct the experimental art project&nbsp;<a href="http://www.antimuseo.org/" target="_blank">Antimuseo</a>&nbsp;with my partner, writer and artist Tomás Ruiz-Rivas. I work globally.</p></div></div><p>Since I started working as an artist, I wanted to work on a topic of common interest &mdash;&nbsp;the female condition. The experience of being female is shared by women and crosses race, origin, social class, and sexual preference.</p><p>I consider myself a feminist artist, because the political dimension of my artwork plays a dual role &mdash;&nbsp;it is an artistic product in itself and also an instrument that contributes to political transformations, especially for women.</p><div><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/first-image_15m_Madrid.jpg?itok=82TOIHcV" style="height: 400px; width: 300px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="15M, Madrid 2011(Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><p><strong>I</strong><strong>M</strong>:&nbsp;What was the first&nbsp;<a href="http://www.acha-kutscher.com/mujerestrabajando/indignadas/indignadas.html" target="_blank">Indignadas</a>&nbsp;piece you made? What was the inspiration for the series?</p></div><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;The first&nbsp;<a href="http://www.acha-kutscher.com/mujerestrabajando/indignadas/indignadas.html" target="_blank">Indignadas</a>&nbsp;piece I made was based on a photograph from the anti-austerity&nbsp;movement 15M in Spain. It shows a pregnant woman with an inscription on her belly: &ldquo;Outraged since before birth.&quot;&nbsp;This image symbolizes the future, a new generation of hope for a better world. At the same time it symbolizes an empowered generation who are not afraid to say what they think.</p><p>Indignadas is the third installment&nbsp;of<a href="http://www.acha-kutscher.com/mujerestrabajando/indignadas/indignadas.html" target="_blank">Women Working for Women</a>, a public art project that recovers women&#39;s history through digital drawings, inspired by the aesthetics of pop art, comics and the political posters of the 70s.</p><p>I started Indignadas in 2012&nbsp;as an attempt&nbsp;to bring attention to&nbsp;the women of 15M, the movement that&nbsp;took to the streets of Madrid in protest of economic austerity measures imposed by the Troika and the prevailing corruption in the political system in Spain. Now,&nbsp;the second stage&nbsp;includes women from around the world &mdash;&nbsp;in order&nbsp;to record our shared history.</p><div><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/help-us_0.jpg?itok=XRdZme-s" style="height: 307px; width: 300px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;" title="Syrian refugee girl, September 2015 (Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><div><p><strong>IM</strong>:&nbsp;Why the focus on female activists in particular?</p></div></div><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;The main focus of my work is woman. Her story, the struggles for emancipation and equality, and the cultural construction of femininity. Indignadas is part of this work.</p><p>These&nbsp;images show women in political action and also the female body as a support for the political message. By transforming photographs into drawings, I immortalize these actions.&nbsp;</p><div><div><p>Historically, it&#39;s important to show that political actions and social changes were always made by women and men together. Women were always there but weren&#39;t always visible.&nbsp;This &ldquo;erasure&rdquo; of women&rsquo;s history that puts us&nbsp;aside from humankind&#39;s history is an exercise of patriarchal control. In addition, women have had a dual struggle &mdash; we&nbsp;fight for our rights and join&nbsp;the social and political struggles at the same time. Any initiative to make&nbsp;our history visible&nbsp;as women is essential and empowers us.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/occupy-wall-street.jpg?itok=DKN5yZFa" style="text-align: center; height: 586px; width: 540px;" title="Occupy Wall Street, NYC 2012 (Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p></div></div><div><div><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/slutwalk-paris.jpg?itok=sXNSldLU" style="height: 425px; width: 200px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;" title="SLUTWALK, París 2011(Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /><p><strong>IM</strong>: Some would call your work activism and protest in itself. Are you an activist beyond your artwork? Do you protest, organize or participate in activism on the streets?</p></div></div><p><strong>MMAC</strong>:&nbsp;No. I am just an artist. But I believe&nbsp;that art is a powerful political tool. I share the images of Indignadas on the Internet under a Creative Commons license, particularly to the activists portrayed, so that they can use them for their work.&nbsp;I would love it if they used my Indignadas images in the streets one day.</p></div><p><strong>IM</strong>: Who are the top three&nbsp;most inspirational female activists to you and why?</p><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;It is very difficult answer. I have many, but, I would say&nbsp;Malala Yousafzai, Lidia Cacho and Nadal El Sadawi. Three&nbsp;women of different generations. All of them have risked their lives in defense of the rights of women and girls.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>IM</strong>: Do you believe that protest is necessary for social and political progress?</p><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;Absolutely. Protest is one of the most important mediums&nbsp;for political and social progress. Power always tends to corrupt and generates oppressive structures. Civil society must always&nbsp;push the power to prevent this from happening.</p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/original_image/public/charlie-hebdo_2014.jpg?itok=spzIasw-" style="text-align: center; height: 405px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="'Indignadas' responds to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris (Credit: María María Acha-Kutscher)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><p><strong>IM</strong>:&nbsp;Is there a trend or an evolution in protest that you&rsquo;ve noticed as you&#39;ve documented it in your work?</p><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;Yes. We are living a very empowering time for women, with the emergence of a new feminism. They&nbsp;say&nbsp;we have entered a&nbsp;&lsquo;fourth-wave&rsquo; of feminism thanks to feminist groups like FEMEN, Pussy Riot, SlutWalk, among others, who contribute&nbsp;a new activism and a new feminist imagery. Also, the support of public personalities &mdash;&nbsp;women and&nbsp;some&nbsp;men &mdash; who are not afraid to say they are feminists. That helps&nbsp;feminism, because they have an audience of millions of people.</p><p><strong>IM</strong>:&nbsp;Your pieces have been blown up and used in the streets.&nbsp;How did this begin?&nbsp;</p><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;My pieces were exhibited in public spaces as an act to return the protest to the streets. For me it&rsquo;s important that these images become part of the everyday flow of life, where anyone can see without charge. I would love that my images become part of any public protest in a near future.</p><p><strong>IM</strong>: What are three current activist movements led by women around the world that you think people should be paying attention to?</p><p><strong>MMA-C</strong>:&nbsp;Femen, SlutWalk and Alfombra Roja (Red Carpet from Perú).</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-09-15/outraged-muses-mar-mar-acha-kutscher" target="_blank"><em>via PRI&#39;s The World</em></a></p></p> Tue, 29 Sep 2015 11:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/outraged-muses-mar%C3%ADa-mar%C3%ADa-acha-kutscher-113098 Vatican signals new tone on US nuns http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/vatican-signals-new-tone-us-nuns-111243 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP475133071654.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>An unprecedented Vatican investigation of U.S. women&#39;s religious orders that alarmed Roman Catholic sisters when the inquiry began years ago ended Tuesday with a report signaling a softer approach under Pope Francis.</p><p>The report praised sisters for their selfless work caring for the poor and promised to value their &quot;feminine genius&quot; more, while gently suggesting ways to serve the church faithfully and survive amid a steep drop in their numbers. There was no direct critique of the nuns, nor any demand for them to change &mdash; only requests that they ensure their ministries remain &quot;in harmony with Catholic teaching.&quot;</p><p>&quot;There is an encouraging and realistic tone in this report,&quot; said Sister Sharon Holland, head of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious, the umbrella organization for most U.S. religious orders. &quot;Challenges are understood, but it is not a document of blame, or of simplistic solutions. One can read the text and feel appreciated and trusted to carry on.&quot;</p><p>The laudatory language contrasted sharply with the atmosphere in which the review started under Pope Benedict XVI. Cardinal Franc Rode, who in 2008 initiated the nationwide study when he led the Vatican office that oversees religious orders, said there was concern about &quot;a certain secular mentality that has spread in these religious families and, perhaps, also a certain &#39;feminist&#39; spirit.&quot;</p><p>Rode left the post while the review was still under way, and his successors had said they wanted a friendlier relationship with the sisters.</p><p>Still, many nuns remained concerned about the outcome of the investigation under Francis&#39; still-young pontificate. Some nuns had taken legal steps during the inquiry to shield the financial assets of their religious orders in case of a Vatican takeover.</p><p>The report expressed hope that sisters would take &quot;this present moment as an opportunity to transform uncertainty and hesitancy into collaborative trust&quot; with the church hierarchy. Many sisters have complained that their work often went unrecognized by priests and requested improved dialogue with bishops to clarify their role in the church and give them greater voice in decisions, according to the report.</p><p>Before the news conference releasing the report in Rome, leaders for the sisters and the nun who oversaw the review, Mother Mary Clare Millea, attended the pope&#39;s daily Mass in the Vatican hotel where he lives and spoke with him briefly, where he offered his blessing.</p><p>Sisters of Mercy of the Americas, based in Maryland, said in a statement the document signaled &quot;a hope for future dialogue and communion among and between women religious and church leaders.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The report is clearly focused on cooperation. It&#39;s clearly focused on dialogue, which I think is not necessarily what people expected back in 2008 when this issue came up,&quot; said Jana Bennett, a specialist in Catholic theology and ethics at the University of Dayton, Ohio.</p><p>Still, American nuns are dealing with the fallout from a separate investigation from a different Vatican office. The Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith in 2012 ordered an overhaul of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious, which represents about 80 percent of U.S. sisters. The doctrine office said the organization strayed from church teaching and promoted &quot;radical feminist themes incompatible with the Catholic faith.&quot; Seattle Archbishop Peter Sartain was appointed to oversee the Leadership Conference, potentially through 2017.</p><p>Holland said she was &quot;working hard and working well&quot; with Sartain and other Vatican-appointed delegates, and the process might end sooner than originally expected.</p><p>&quot;We&#39;re moving toward resolution of that,&quot; she said.</p><p>Both investigations prompted an outpouring of support from many rank-and-file American Catholics who viewed the inquiries as a crackdown by the all-male Vatican hierarchy against the underpaid, underappreciated women who do the lion&#39;s share of work running Catholic hospitals, schools and services for the poor.</p><p>Theological conservatives have long complained that after the modernizing reforms of the 1960s Second Vatican Council, women&#39;s religious orders in the U.S. became secular and political while abandoning traditional prayer life and faith.</p><p>The nuns insisted prayer and Christ were central to their work.</p><p>Along with praise, the report offered a sobering assessment of the difficult state of American religious orders. The current number of 50,000 U.S. sisters represents a fraction of the 125,000 in the mid-1960s, although that was an atypical spike in U.S. church history.</p><p>Financial resources to care for sisters are dwindling as they age, and the orders have struggled to attract new members. The report asked the sisters to make sure their training programs reflect church teaching and their members pray and focus on Christ.</p></p> Tue, 16 Dec 2014 16:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/vatican-signals-new-tone-us-nuns-111243 A vote for Catalan independence http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-10/vote-catalan-independence-111085 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP831599527318.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A majority of the two million Catalan&#39;s who went to the polls on Sunday voted in favor of independence from Spain. We&#39;ll talk about the results with Alan Clendenning, Madrid Bureau Chief for the Associated Press.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-26" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: A vote for Catalan independence " on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 10 Nov 2014 11:39:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-10/vote-catalan-independence-111085 So, why did it take so long for it to be Mayor Jane Byrne's turn? http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/so-why-did-it-take-so-long-it-be-mayor-jane-byrnes-turn-110556 <p><p>Shortly before Chicago&#39;s City Council officially honored former Mayor Jane Byrne by <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/jane-byrne-closer-getting-memorial-110573" target="_blank">naming the Water Tower Plaza after her</a>, her name had been thrown about quite a bit. The political momentum required for July&#39;s up-or-down vote, as well as the effusive praise heaped on Byrne, grew exponentially in the previous months. But that came after decades-worth of radio silence concerning her, the city&#39;s first and only female mayor.</p><p>Perhaps that silence &mdash;&nbsp;which began almost as soon as Byrne left office in 1983 &mdash;&nbsp;contributed to lifelong Chicagoan Shana Jackson stepping forward with our Curious City question. Shana said before the recent hullabaloo over the former mayor, she&nbsp;had&nbsp;never even heard&nbsp;Jane Byrne&#39;s name. That is, until her father gave her a quick quiz one day.</p><p>&ldquo;My parents are former teachers, and so my dad is always quizzing me about things,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;Out of the blue, he asked me about the first woman mayor of Chicago. And I said, &lsquo;What woman mayor of Chicago?&rsquo;&rdquo;</p><p>Shana said her father, and later her Facebook friends, told her she should be ashamed that she didn&rsquo;t know about Jane Byrne. So then she hit the Internet.</p><p>There&rsquo;s a <em>lot</em> to be learned about Jane Byrne: There&rsquo;s her <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-chicagodays-byrne-story,0,7583194.story" target="_blank">landslide victory </a>in 1979 over incumbent Mayor Michael Bilandic (and thus the so-called Democratic machine) in an election held shortly after his administration <a href="http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/The-312/February-2011/Snowpocalypse-Then-How-the-Blizzard-of-1979-Cost-the-Election-for-Michael-Bilandic/" target="_blank">botched handling a massive blizzard</a>.</p><p>Byrne served only one term, but many credit her as the prime mover behind some of the most recognizably &ldquo;Chicago&rdquo; events: the Taste of Chicago, Jazz Fest and numerous neighborhood summer festivals. Ditto for the physical transformation of the city: O&rsquo;Hare&rsquo;s International Terminal, the redevelopment of Navy Pier and the museum campus, public transportation options to the airport and much more.</p><p>There&rsquo;s also her controversial decision (or PR stunt, depending upon your interpretation) to move into the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1981/04/02/us/chicago-s-mayor-spends-lovely-night-at-project.html?module=Search&amp;mabReward=relbias%3Ar" target="_blank">Cabrini-Green</a>&nbsp;public housing development,&nbsp;as well as the <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DCLCX1cqAc" target="_blank">protest </a>that erupted when she held a public Easter celebration there.<a name="timeline"></a></p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="true" frameborder="0" height="377" mozallowfullscreen="true" src="https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1gLzQq7ISqUuKt5ufNFfQOVXPTrjL_BBaImlnDBuSTc0/embed?start=false&amp;loop=false&amp;delayms=3000" webkitallowfullscreen="true" width="620"></iframe></p><p>But what Shana <em>didn&rsquo;t</em> find is any structure or building or street around Chicago named for Mayor Byrne. That&#39;s despite the fact that she could have found <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/so-when-it-jane-byrnes-turn-110556#mayors">plenty named in honor of <em>other</em> Chicago mayors</a> &mdash; even some recent ones.</p><p>That led her to ask:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><em>Why is there rare mention and no memorials, buildings or streets named after the only woman mayor of Chicago &mdash; Jane Byrne?</em></p><p>Shana&rsquo;s question arrived as Chicago newspapers, local bloggers and columnists, city officials &mdash; you name it &mdash; were debating whether Jane Byrne deserved to have her name affixed on something, and whether or not she&rsquo;s been ignored.</p><p><em>Chicago Sun-Times </em>columnist Neil Steinberg wrote what he called an <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/steinberg/27312474-452/an-open-letter-to-jane-byrne.html#.U8VW35RdV8E" target="_blank">&ldquo;open letter&rdquo;</a> to Byrne ahead of her 80th birthday, where he talked about her legacy, and how she may think she&rsquo;s been &ldquo;forgotten, erased from history.&rdquo;</p><p><em>Sun-Times</em> columnist Michael Sneed, press secretary for Byrne for a short time in 1979, had led the charge. She&#39;d written extensive <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/sneed/27773585-452/sneed-jane-byrnes-daughter-tells-of-fearless-mom-with-incredible-instincts.html" target="_blank">columns </a>about Byrne, listing her accomplishments and pushing for the city to honor its first woman mayor. Sneed wrote that Byrne&rsquo;s &ldquo;<a href="http://www.suntimes.com/27761148-761/ex-mayor-jane-byrnes-trailblazing-legacy-unfairly-ignored-sneed.html#.U8VW4ZRdV8E" target="_blank">legacy has been ignored</a> by subsequent mayoral administrations, basically erased during Mayor Richard M. Daley&rsquo;s tenure in office, and long overdue for recognition.&rdquo;</p><p>Sneed&rsquo;s columns opened the floodgates for other <a href="http://abc7chicago.com/news/movement-pushes-for-recognition-of-former-mayor-jane-byrne/94032/" target="_blank">media outlets</a> to chase down the story, and for city <a href="http://politics.suntimes.com/article/chicago/sneed-proposals-introduced-honor-ex-mayor-byrne/wed-06252014-1053am" target="_blank">officials</a> to weigh in.</p><p>To answer why it took so long for Byrne&rsquo;s name to grace any public assets, it helps to understand how something &mdash; anything &mdash; gets named by the city in the first place. And then, of course, there&rsquo;s the core of Shana&#39;s concern: <em>Why</em> hadn&#39;t Byrne had anything named after her?</p><p><strong><span style="font-size:22px;">The process: Naming something after a Chicago mayor</span></strong></p><p>The city of big shoulders has a penchant for slapping peoples&rsquo; names on things. (Just ask <a href="http://thedailyshow.cc.com/videos/4rc83p/signfeud" target="_blank">Donald Trump</a>). But regardless of who the honored may be (<a href="http://www.nbcchicago.com/the-scene/food-drink/Charlie-Trotter-Honored-on-Eve-or-Retirement-168088876.html" target="_blank">Charlie Trotter</a>, <a href="http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2000-03-08/news/0003080158_1_honor-sinatra-statue-city-of-big-shoulders" target="_blank">Frank Sinatra</a>, or a Chicago mayor), the process eventually involves Chicago&rsquo;s City Council.</p><p>Let&rsquo;s start with city streets. Up until 1984, official street names and the green signs that depict their directions were up for grabs. For example Cermak Road, formerly 22nd Street, was named after Mayor Anton Cermak, who was <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-02/anton-cermak-chicagos-first-boss-105346" target="_blank">assassinated </a>while in office. Same goes for Hoyne Avenue, named after Mayor Thomas Hoyne. (Interestingly, Hoyne has a street named after him, despite the fact that he was <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/795.html" target="_blank">never allowed to take office</a>.)</p><p>But as one former alderman explained to the <em>Chicago Tribune</em> in <a href="http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2000-02-20/news/0002200122_1_street-signs-street-names-renaming" target="_blank">2000,</a> this street-naming process became onerous. It requires permanent changes to maps, surveys and other records. The Honorary Street Ordinance changed the game in 1984. After that, brown honorary street signs began popping up, directly underneath the green signs that identify Chicago&rsquo;s official street names.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size:22px;"><span style="font-size:18px;">What is named after Chicago&#39;s mayors?</span></span></strong></p><p style="text-align: center;">(Click the right margin or swipe to proceed through the slides.)<strong><span style="font-size:22px;"><a name="mayors"></a></span></strong></p><p><iframe frameborder="0" height="700" src="http://cdn.knightlab.com/libs/timeline/latest/embed/index.html?source=0Ag9RbLc9jJ4QdG1fcnlrSUlWNlExc3dDR0lIdDVSX0E&amp;font=Bevan-PotanoSans&amp;maptype=toner&amp;lang=en" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Chicago City Clerk Susana Mendoza said, currently, the process begins with one of the city&rsquo;s 50 aldermen. Any of them can write a resolution or ordinance to name a stretch of street. It then goes before the full council.</p><p>These resolutions pass unless they&rsquo;re controversial. Mendoza says some aldermen in 2006 wanted to create Fred Hampton Way, after a <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/142.html" target="_blank">leader in the Black Panther Party</a>. Another time, an alderman wanted to name a portion of Michigan Avenue after Hugh Hefner, the <em>Playboy Magazine</em> magnate.</p><p>If an honorary street name ordinance passes City Council, the Chicago Department of Transportation creates the requisite brown sign and affixes it to the appropriate post.</p><p>The process works the same way for other structures, too: The council votes on a proposal to name a fountain, building or other public asset after someone. Mendoza says it&rsquo;s most common to wait until after a mayor (or anyone else) dies. For example: Richard J. Daley Center was rededicated and named after him just days after he passed away.</p><p>There are a few ways to name something for a former mayor without the council&rsquo;s purview. Private buildings, naturally, can be named without council approval. DePaul University&#39;s Richard M. and Maggie C. Daley Building is one notable example.</p><p>As for public school buildings, the Chicago Public Schools Board of Education has a written policy that a school can only be named after someone who has been deceased for at least six months. A sitting mayor and the district&rsquo;s CEO can seek special exemptions, however. A CPS spokesman says this was the case for the naming of Barack Obama College Prep.</p><p><strong><span style="font-size:22px;">So, why was there nothing for Jane Byrne?</span></strong></p><p>When it comes to political history, no single person (or opinion) can tell &quot;the whole story.&quot; That&#39;s especially the case when it comes to why a controversial, so-called &ldquo;machine-fighting,&rdquo; tough cookie such as Jane Byrne had taken so long to be memorialized.&nbsp;</p><p>As for asking the lady herself, she&rsquo;s now 80 years old and is not in great health, after reportedly suffering from a stroke last year. Her only daughter, Kathy Byrne, a lawyer at local personal injury and mesothelioma firm Cooney and Conway, said her mom is &ldquo;doing okay. She&rsquo;s holding her own, she&rsquo;s stable.&rdquo;</p><p>Kathy Byrne was along for the roller coaster ride of her mom&rsquo;s campaign and then election to the 5th floor office in 1979. Despite that, she&#39;s not sure how to answer Shana Jackson&rsquo;s &ldquo;why so long&rdquo; question.</p><p>&ldquo;You know, I think sometimes &mdash; what do they say? Politics isn&rsquo;t a beanbag?&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;And people take their politics very seriously in Chicago, and I think whether or not anything was intentional, it may just be sort of an effect where if someone perceived that if someone doesn&rsquo;t like someone, they&rsquo;re not going to do anything for the person they don&rsquo;t like. ... I don&rsquo;t know that anything was intentional, I think it may have been a misperception.&rdquo;</p><p>Kathy Byrne was obliquely referring to Chicago lore &mdash; printed in the papers and spoken in bars &mdash; that Mayor Richard M. Daley was behind Jane Byrne&rsquo;s absence from Chicago streets and buildings.</p><p>Several people I spoke with for this story were quick to blame him.</p><p>&ldquo;There&rsquo;s an old adage, young lady,&rdquo; said Paul Green, Director of the Institute for Politics at Roosevelt University. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s called Irish Alzheimer&#39;s: You forget everything but your grudges, and the Daley family and the Byrne family have been grudging themselves for a long time.&rdquo;</p><p>Green said he believes the battle between Jane Byrne and Daley was &ldquo;personal&rdquo; and that Daley didn&rsquo;t want her recognized for anything. But he said it&rsquo;s also true that there had not been any true grassroots support for Byrne.</p><p>&ldquo;She left not exactly in the blaze of glory,&rdquo; Green said. &ldquo;She needed to be calm about what she was about, because not only was she the first woman, but it was the first time in approximately 70 years that the Democratic organization lost the mayoral primary, so she had to go slow, and she didn&rsquo;t.</p><p>&ldquo;To her credit, she had an amazing number of ideas, but it was more subject with no predicate.&rdquo;</p><p>But others, like Byrne&rsquo;s first campaign manager, Don Rose, blame it all on Daley.</p><p>&ldquo;Richie Daley did everything possible to make the world forget she ever existed,&rdquo; Rose said. &ldquo;They were mortal enemies. He conceived it that way.&rdquo;</p><p>Rose said he and Byrne didn&rsquo;t part on the best of terms, but he stressed that doesn&rsquo;t influence his appraisal of her. He said Daley&rsquo;s should have been the administration that took on the task of honoring her. Since <a href="http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2013/04/15/1983-mayoral-debate" target="_blank">Byrne had run against Harold Washington</a> in 1983, Washington was likely not in the mood to honor her in anyway during his time in office, according to Rose. By his recollection, a mayor will be honored posthumously, and perhaps one or two mayors down the road. Following this logic, Byrne would have been honored after Richard M. Daley took office in 1989.</p><p>&ldquo;[Daley] was, I have to say, very mean-spirited about Jane Byrne. Of course, I would say, she was mean-spirited about him too,&rdquo; Rose said. &ldquo;If the positions had been reversed, she might have tried to forget about naming anything after him.&rdquo;</p><p>But Ald. Burke &mdash; who served on the Council during Byrne&rsquo;s administration &mdash; said she originally eschewed recognition, and Daley isn&rsquo;t to blame.</p><p>&ldquo;He never, in my presence, expressed any reluctance to have Mayor Byrne honored in any way,&rdquo; he said.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:18px;"><strong>Listen: Jane Byrne on her legacy</strong></span><a name="byrne"></a></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/160299515&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>Kathy Byrne said she&rsquo;s not certain Daley is to blame, either.</p><p>&ldquo;I can&rsquo;t explain anyone&rsquo;s motivation or even if they have motivation,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I would imagine if somebody&rsquo;s running Chicago, they ought to have bigger things on their minds than erasing or not erasing someone else&rsquo;s legacy.&rdquo;</p><p>But one thing is for sure: Kathy said she and her mom have been bothered by the whole thing. She recalled school girls would interview her mother during Women&rsquo;s History Month projects. Jane, she said, couldn&rsquo;t point the girls to anything named after her.</p><p>&ldquo;She could tell them things, like the [CTA] Orange Line, museum campus, but there was nothing that backed up her assertion, and I think that was kind of frustrating,&rdquo; Byrne said.</p><p>&ldquo;I think it was kind of disillusioning, or the worry that it would be disillusioning to little girls that they could do all this work, and have all these achievements and then it might be ignored, and other people would take credit for them.&rdquo;</p><p><strong><span style="font-size:22px;">Jane Byrne International Terminal?</span></strong></p><p>But now, just over 30 years since she left office, Byrne will soon have something to point to: the park plaza around the Water Tower. This was just one of the ideas pitched to the City Council by Ald. Burke.</p><p>The gesture was a far cry from one of the more infamous moments of Byrne and Burke&rsquo;s relationship. Byrne, while on the campaign trail, called out <a href="http://www.nbcchicago.com/blogs/ward-room/Why-Rahm-Cant-Get-Rid-Of-Ed-Burke-120609814.html" target="_blank">Ald. Burke as part of a &ldquo;cabal of evil men&rdquo;</a> who ran the City Council.</p><p>&ldquo;It was the legendary British statesman Edmund Burke who once said that, in politics, there are no permanent enemies, no permanent friends &mdash; only permanent interests,&rdquo; Burke said, referring to a quotation he often uses. &ldquo;I think it is in the municipal interest that a person who achieved what Jane Byrne achieved in our history should be accorded an appropriate honor.&rdquo;</p><p>Burke officially proposed renaming four structures to become Jane Byrne memorials: the Clarence F. Buckingham Memorial Fountain in Grant Park; Navy Pier&rsquo;s grand ballroom; the plaza surrounding the Old Chicago Water Tower; and the O&rsquo;Hare International Terminal.&nbsp;</p><p>Kathy Byrne had predicted her mother would be happy with the selection of the Water Tower idea. It&rsquo;s right across the street from the Gold Coast apartment where she lived while mayor.</p><p>Byrne says a Water Tower memorial would be even better if the city could move her mom&rsquo;s beloved <a href="http://chicago-outdoor-sculptures.blogspot.com/2009/07/childrens-fountain.html" target="_blank">Children&rsquo;s Fountain</a> to that site. Jane Byrne, while mayor, originally dedicated the Children&rsquo;s Fountain on Wacker Drive. The fountain was later moved to Lincoln Park, where it sits today.</p><p>&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t know what that would entail, but the plumbing is all there,&rdquo; Byrne said. &ldquo;If they could do that, that would be ideal, &nbsp;if they could name that park Jane Byrne Plaza. It&rsquo;s her neighborhood, it&rsquo;s the Chicago historical landmark of the Water Tower, and it would be a really nice tribute.&rdquo;</p><p><strong><span style="font-size:22px;">Our question comes from: Shana Jackson<a name="qa"></a></span></strong></p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/shanaJacksonMed.jpg" style="height: 322px; width: 230px; margin: 5px; float: right;" title="Shana Jackson asked our question about former Chicago Mayor Jane Byrne. (Photo courtesy of Shana Jackson)" />Shana Jackson calls herself a total South Side girl. She&rsquo;s been living in or around Chicago for her entire life, except when she pursued a degree from Hampton University in Virginia. She currently resides in the Ashburn/Wrightwood neighborhood.</p><p>And that&rsquo;s why she says she&rsquo;s embarrassed to admit the story behind her Curious City question. &nbsp;</p><p>Her parents are former teachers, and so her dad is always quizzing her on things. During a recent family night, Shana&rsquo;s dad shot her his latest pop quiz question:</p><p>&ldquo;So, what do you think about our only woman mayor in Chicago?&rdquo;</p><p>Shana&rsquo;s response?</p><p>&ldquo;&lsquo;What woman mayor?&rdquo; Shana recalls. &ldquo;And he gave me the weirdest stare ever, because I&rsquo;m super womanist, like &lsquo;yay woman power!&rsquo; And for me to not know there was a woman mayor in Chicago? I was so embarrassed.&rdquo;</p><p>Shana turned things around, though, by doing some Internet research. She said when she couldn&#39;t find any streets or buildings named after Byrne, she came to Curious City to find out why.&nbsp;</p><p>Even then, she couldn&#39;t let the issue go. As she kept up with the news about the proposals, she couldn&#39;t help but believe Jane Byrne deserved some recognition.</p><p>&ldquo;I think that is a travesty,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;How do we as Chicago &mdash; we put our names on everything &mdash; how did we let her down like this?&rdquo;</p><p>Shana is currently pursuing a dual degree in social work and law at Loyola University Chicago.</p><p><em><a href="https://twitter.com/laurenchooljian">Lauren Chooljian</a> is a WBEZ reporter. Digital producer <a href="http://twitter.com/triciabobeda">Tricia Bobeda</a> contributed to this story.</em></p></p> Thu, 24 Jul 2014 19:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/so-why-did-it-take-so-long-it-be-mayor-jane-byrnes-turn-110556 Former Weather Underground leader shares tips on raising feminist boys http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/former-weather-underground-leader-shares-tips-raising-feminist-boys-109701 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/RS7425_chi000500_g2-scr (1).JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Bernardine Dohrn is perhaps best known for her role as a leader of a militant anti-war group in the &lsquo;60s and &lsquo;70s. After a decade in hiding, she turned herself in to face charges.</p><p>She went on to a career as a prominent legal advocate for children, founding Northwestern&rsquo;s Children and Family Justice Center.</p><p>Dohrn came to the Chicago StoryCorps booth with longtime friend, Julie Biehl, who now leads the justice center, to talk about the challenges they face in raising feminist sons, and dealing with some of the boys&#39; interest in guns.</p><p>BERNARDINE: I thought that I wasn&rsquo;t going to have children. I was kind of adamant that the only way to make it OK for women to grow up in a patriarchal society and fight that was that lots of women would choose not to have children.</p><p>She and Biehl each ended up raising three sons.&nbsp;</p><p>BERNARDINE: I&nbsp;kind of always joked about the feminist mothers of boys club.</p><p><em>To hear how they worked to raise socially aware young men (and Rosa Parks&#39; surprise visit!), check out the audio above.</em></p><p><em>Lynette Kalsnes is a reporter/producer at WBEZ. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/LynetteKalsnes">@LynetteKalsnes</a>.&nbsp;</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Fplaylists%2F6250422" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 14 Feb 2014 08:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/former-weather-underground-leader-shares-tips-raising-feminist-boys-109701 Sisters struggle to reconcile feminist beliefs with Mormon faith http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/sisters-struggle-reconcile-feminist-beliefs-mormon-faith-109355 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/RS7417_chi000411_g1-scr_0.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago sisters Shannon and Didi Mehner describe themselves as Mormon feminists.</p><p>In Mormonism, women cannot hold the priesthood or assume certain leadership roles in the church. The Chicago sisters are troubled by this, and say they&rsquo;re fighting to change it ... within their church.</p><p>They visited the Chicago StoryCorps booth to talk about the challenges of reconciling feminism and faith.</p><p><strong>Shannon</strong>: I think I always knew I was feminist. I always kept my feminism kind of separate from my identity as a member of the Mormon church. And so I think when I got married is when it all came crashing together. I obviously love Nick, and I&rsquo;m really glad I got married, but a lot of your identity starts to feel like it sinks into your husband&rsquo;s identity.</p><p>Shannon decided to keep her maiden name, rather than to take her husband&#39;s.</p><p><strong>Didi</strong>: Shannon and I grew up with a dad who kind of always told us we could do whatever we wanted.</p><p><strong>Shannon</strong>: He is also extremely conservative, so when he gets mad about us being feminists, I always tell him that he created us, and made us this way.</p><p><em>To hear how Shannon plans to raise a &ldquo;raging feminist boy,&rdquo; and how she won a victory that both sisters say is a big deal in the Mormon church, click on the audio above.</em></p><p><em>Katie Mingle is a producer for WBEZ and the Third Coast Festival.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Fplaylists%2F6250422" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 13 Dec 2013 08:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/sisters-struggle-reconcile-feminist-beliefs-mormon-faith-109355 Marvel Comic's new female Muslim superhero http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-11/marvel-comics-new-female-muslim-superhero-109122 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Marvel AP.jpg" style="height: 376px; width: 620px;" title="The image released by Marvel Comics shows character Kamala Khan, second left, with her family Aamir, father Yusuf, mother Disha and friend Bruno, from the &quot;Ms. Marvel&quot; issue. (Marvel Comics/AP)" /></div></div><p>Marvel Comics&#39; newest superhero is more than just a symbol of diversity and a deviation from the white, male norm that Spiderman, Wolverine, Captain America, and countless other comic book heroes occupy.</p><p><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/06/showbiz/ms-marvel-muslim-superhero/" target="_blank">Kamala Khan</a>, a teenage Muslim girl living in Jersey City, also looks and sounds like a real person, albeit with extraordinary powers.</p><p>In a universe where most female superheroes are impossibly stacked and Barbie doll-proportioned (to draw ogling male eyes) Khan is a refreshing change of pace. She is pretty, yes, but rock-hard body &quot;hotness&quot; is not what defines her. &nbsp;</p><p>Writer G. Willow Wilson, a convert to Islam, says Khan was created as a true-to-life person teenagers could relate to.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s for all the geek girls out there, and everybody else who&#39;s ever looked at life on the fringe,&quot; Wilson said in a statement.</p><p>Khan, who will make her debut in January, is radically different from most of Marvel&#39;s most popular female superheroes, but also appealingly meta for a fanbase already attached to legacy characters. While she lives with conservative Pakistani parents, she fits the mold of an angsty teenager and an outsider in school.</p><p>She also is an avid reader of Marvel comic books.&nbsp;</p><p>So when she discovers her superhuman power as a polymorph &mdash; being able to lengthen her arms and legs and change shape &mdash; she takes on the name Ms. Marvel, a title which previously belonged to the blonde-haired, blue-eyed Carol Danvers. Now, Khan&#39;s story will be the one to inspire a new generation of girls and boys.</p><p>Series editor Sana Amanat, who also worked on Ultimate Spiderman and Ultimate X-Men comic books for Marvel, told <a href="http://www.deccanchronicle.com/131110/news-current-affairs/article/pow-zap-marvel-comics-present-teenage-female-muslim-superhero" target="_blank">Reuters</a> that a reflection of the Muslim-American experience through the eyes of a teenage girl creates a font of endless possibilities.</p><p>&quot;We are always trying to upend expectations to an extent, but our point is to always reflect the world outside our window, and we are looking through a lot more windows right now,&quot; she said.&nbsp;</p><p>In fact, the idea for this new kind of superhero came from a conversation that Amanat had with her senior editor, Steve Wacker, about her own experiences growing up as a Muslim-American.</p><p>&quot;He was interested in the dilemma I faced as a young girl and the next day he came in and said, &#39;Wouldn&#39;t it be great to have a superhero that was for all the little girls that grew up just like you, and who are growing up just like you are today, and to create a character they can be inspired by?&#39;&quot; said Amanat.&nbsp;</p><p>Of course, girls have been inspired by female superheroes from the moment Wonder Woman first appeared in All Star Comics #8 in 1941. But more than 70 years later, the endless parade of unbelievably bodacious babes in skin-tight bodysuits has begun to wear thin.</p><p>Female comic book fans need more than a strong, independent woman with superpowers and a slamming body to stay interested. We need diversity, in every sense of the word: racially, culturally, intellectually, and physically.</p><p>In my opinion, this is in part why so many comic book films and TV shows helmed by female superheroes (Elektra, Catwoman, and the Wonder Woman series that never made it to air) have fallen flat in recent years. The average woman or adolsecent girl has to fall in love with these characters too. If all she sees is plastic, how can she relate?</p><p>I&#39;m excited to see all of the new stories that the creators of Kamala Khan will bring to life, but I also long for more.</p><p>When will we see a mainstream superhero who is gender-queer or transgender? Why do the female characters continue to be drawn to serve the male gaze, with their supermodel sexiness and perfectly-chiseled abs? Isn&#39;t it about time we had a full-bodied female superhero, or at the very least, more&nbsp;<a href="http://geektyrant.com/news/2013/4/3/fully-clothed-female-superheroes-geek-art.html" target="_blank">fully-clothed</a>&nbsp;ones?&nbsp;</p><p>Still, the good news is that times are changing, and Kamala Khan has punched a hole through the glass ceiling with a resounding smash.</p><p><em>Leah Pickett writes about popular culture for WBEZ. Follow her on Twitter at <a href="https://twitter.com/leahkpickett" target="_blank">@leahkpickett.</a></em></p></p> Tue, 12 Nov 2013 10:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-11/marvel-comics-new-female-muslim-superhero-109122 Standing up to street harassment http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-10/standing-street-harassment-108847 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/vonderauvisuals%20Flickr%202.jpg" style="height: 400px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Woman walking near Dearborn during rush hour. (Flickr/Vonderauvisials)" />Harassment shows its ugly face in many forms: a bully at school, an abuser at home, an underminer in the workplace, or an army of trolls online.</p><p>However, perhaps no form of harassment is more overt or troublingly common than catcalling: the whistles and kiss noises, the staccato beeps of car horns, the whispered or shouted evaluations of someone&#39;s physical appearance on the sidewalk, and the many other forms of street harassment (stalking, groping, leering, etc.) that women continually receive in public spaces, <a href="http://www.stopstreetharassment.org/resources/statistics/statistics-academic-studies/" target="_blank">often on a daily basis</a>.</p><div class="image-insert-image ">I have experienced public objectification&mdash;whether it be whistle and a wink, a double tap of a car horn, or an unwelcome comment on my body that sends a tiny shiver down my spine&mdash;every single time that I go out walking in Chicago.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">It doesn&#39;t matter which neighborhood I&#39;m in, whether I have makeup on or not, if I&#39;m wearing a miniskirt or a baggy sweatshirt and jeans.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Without fail, a complete stranger (usually a man or group of men, although women in their company have occasionally joined in) will take the time out of their day to put me in my place as a woman magnified through the lens of rape culture: a female specimen to be ogled, disrespected, and dehumanized as nothing but an object of their gaze.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Most of the time, I ignore them and keep walking; because isn&#39;t that what you&#39;re supposed to do? Other instances break the straw holding together an already fragile day, and I want to hide or scream or cry. I want to yell back that my body is not theirs to claim, that I&#39;m more than just a piece of meat to be verbally chewed and torn apart for sport.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">My look is more skinny nerdgirl than glamazon; but even if I did choose to wear high heels and skintight dresses every day, I still wouldn&#39;t deserve the &quot;Hey, sexy&quot; and &quot;Mmm, lookin&#39; good&quot; whispers, smacking of lips, and anonymous shouts from rolled-down windows, often followed by nervous laughter from passersby.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><p>I am not alone in this. When I reached out to others on Twitter, asking if they would be willing to share their stories of street harassment, they responded with tweets of &quot;too many stories!&quot; and &quot;I feel like every woman in a city like Chicago has more than one experience to share.&quot;</p><p>One particularly frightening story that I received via email, from a woman in Chicago named Hannah, confirmed this for me. With her permission, snippets of one of Hannah&#39;s most harrowing experiences&mdash;in which a man harassed her outside of a bar in Wrigleyville, then followed her to a friend&#39;s apartment&mdash;are reposted with ellipses below:</p><blockquote><p>&quot;It wasn&#39;t the first time someone had shouted at me from a bar by any means, probably not even the first time that week, so I ignored it like I usually did. But he didn&#39;t go away. He kept following me, saying things like &#39;Come on, don&rsquo;t be like that,&#39; and walking faster so he was next to me... I kept shrugging him off, and saying I couldn&rsquo;t join him for drinks because I was meeting a friend. I&rsquo;d smile, and try to be&nbsp;apologetic&nbsp;about it, but he wouldn&rsquo;t stop asking, and getting more agitated ... Finally, I got to my friend&#39;s building and went into the little vestibule ... that&rsquo;s when he started screaming at me. Calling me a bitch for lying that I was meeting someone. Saying there was no one waiting for me upstairs, that I was just a lying whore who didn&rsquo;t know how to have fun.</p><div>It was one of the scariest moments of my life, fumbling with the keys ... I tried to think about what I&rsquo;d do if he did try to get closer to me&ndash;at this point, he was still standing inside the doorway to the foyer, not entirely off the street&ndash;but thankfully, the key slid into the lock and I was inside the stairwell, slamming the door behind me ... Once I got upstairs and related the story to my friend, all I kept thinking was that all down the four blocks, people were watching him follow me, and NO ONE said anything.&quot;&nbsp;</div></blockquote><p>Do we have to stand by and take this kind of harassment from strangers, watch it happen to others without saying a word, or &quot;just ignore it&quot; like many of us have often been told? The answer is <i>no</i>; you shouldn&#39;t have to shut up and take it. You deserve to walk down the street without being harassed by strangers. You deserve to stand your ground, and it&#39;s okay to ask for help.&nbsp;</p><p>Renee Davidson, Communications Director of the grassroots group <a href="http://www.collectiveactiondc.org" target="_blank">Collective Action for Safe Spaces </a>(CASS), says that she has received over 600 stories of street harassment in the D.C. metropolitan area.</p><blockquote><p>&quot;Our submissions are overwhelming from women, but men -- particularly LGBT and gender nonconforming men -- experience street harassment as well,&quot; says Davidson, &quot; Women and men can take a stand against this by speaking up when they&rsquo;re harassed, whether that means responding to the harasser, sharing their story with a group like CASS or Hollaback, or starting a conversation about street harassment with their friends and the men in their lives.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Street harassment is also intensely normalized, such that being told to &#39;brush it off&#39; has caused many women to accept it as just another part of moving in public. By speaking up about our experiences with street harassment, we are letting it be known that it&#39;s a problem.&quot;</p></blockquote><p>Yes, men also face sexual harassment from strangers on street corners, and their experiences matter just as much. But when stories of male-on-female aggression pop up again and again, like this piece from the Huffington Post about <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/soraya-chemaly/street-harassment-is-runn_b_4004394.html" target="_blank">a man running over a 14-year-old girl for refusing to have sex with him</a>, it&#39;s time to dig deeper into what&#39;s perpetuating this chronic narrative. And then we should actually do something about it.&nbsp;</p><p>Just as we should be educating men to not rape (instead of simply teaching women how to avoid rapey situations), we should also teach boys from a very young age that catcalling is degrading, hurtful, and harmful to the fabric of our society. Street harassment fuels rape culture, &quot;blurring lines&quot; to the point that many women can no longer tell the difference between a compliment and objectification. Leering at women on the street and hollering pointed comments about their bodies is the furthest thing from respectable behavior; it&#39;s blatant misogyny and patriarchy incarnate.</p><p>&quot;Learning tips on bystander intervention is also a great way to help prevent sexual harassment,&quot; adds Davidson, &quot;If you encounter someone street harassing another person, you can tell them to &#39;respect women&#39; or any other interjection that feels natural for you.&quot;</p><p>We don&#39;t have to keep our mouths shut. We don&#39;t have to grin and bear it. No one deserves to be harassed on the way to the grocery store or while walking home at night, and it&#39;s time for us to start talking back.</p><p><strong>Resources for education, inspiration and support:</strong> <a href="http://www.stopstreetharassment.org/resources/male-allies/educating-boys-men/" target="_blank">StopStreetHarassment.org</a>, <a href="http://www.collectiveactiondc.org" target="_blank">CollectiveActionDC.org</a>, <a href="http://catcalled.org" target="_blank">Catcalled.org</a>, this <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/sexes/archive/2013/09/an-app-to-help-women-avoid-street-harassment/279642/" target="_blank">Atlantic article</a> on a new app to help women and members of the LGBTQ community report street harassment, the <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/03/stop-telling-women-to-smile-tatyana-fazlalizadeh" target="_blank">&quot;Stop Telling Woman to Smile&quot;</a> project, and <a href="http://chicago.ihollaback.org/about/" target="_blank">HollabackChicago!</a>,&nbsp;an anti-harassment forum for Chicagoans.&nbsp;</p><p>If you have a street harassment story to share, please sound off in the comment section below. Let&#39;s start talking.</p><p><em>Leah Pickett writes about popular culture for WBEZ. You can find her on&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/leahkristinepickett" target="_blank">Facebook</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/leahkpickett" target="_blank">Twitter</a>&nbsp;and<a href="http://hermionehall.tumblr.com/" target="_blank">&nbsp;Tumblr</a>.</em></p></p> Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-10/standing-street-harassment-108847 Making Chicago a better place for women http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-09/making-chicago-better-place-women-108747 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Stephanie%20Valentina.jpg" title="(Flickr/Stephanie Valentina)" /></p><div class="image-insert-image ">A recent article in <em>The Atlantic</em>&#39;s <a href="http://www.theatlanticcities.com/commute/2013/09/how-design-city-women/6739/" target="_blank">Cities</a> section, &quot;How to Design a City for Women,&quot; described how officials in Vienna, Austria began taking gender into account in public policy, specifically in urban planning.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">This process of &quot;gender mainstreaming&quot; began in the early 1990s, after administrators surveyed residents of the city&#39;s ninth district and discovered that women were using public transportation more frequently than men, and for more varied reasons. Since then, over 60 pilot projects have been carried out to give men and women equal access to city resources.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">The ultimate goal of Vienna&#39;s gender mainstreaming project, which remains in effect today, is to ensure that all women are given the same opportunities to succeed in an urban environment as their male counterparts. According to Eva Kail, a <a href="http://www.difu.de/node/5949#1">gender expert</a> in the city&#39;s urban planning group, &quot;It&#39;s about bringing people into spaces where they didn&#39;t exist before, or felt they had no right to exist.&quot;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">But would such a gender-specific plan work in a city like Chicago?</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">As a <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-06/how-growing-disney-shapes-gender-roles-107575" target="_top">gender role-eschewing</a> feminist with vivid memories of the &quot;For Her&quot; <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/30/bic-pen-for-her-amazon-reviews_n_1842991.html" target="_blank">Bic Pen fiasco</a>, I can see the criticism coming from a mile away. Shouldn&#39;t we design a city for <em>people</em>, not men and women? Wouldn&#39;t such a plan just reinforce steoreotypes of how men and women use public space? Or, to quote one frustrated Austrian opposed to the capitol&#39;s exhibit of Who Owns Public Space, &quot;Does this mean that we should paint the streets pink?&quot;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">To distance themselves from the idea that the project is about dividing people by gender, not bringing them together into spaces of equal opportunity, Viennese officials have begun to shy away from the term gender mainstreaming. Instead, they have opted for the label <a href="http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409410249" target="_blank">&quot;Fair Shared City,&quot;</a> to reflect their goal of equality for all.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Obviously, Chicago is a drastically different city than Vienna. Also, certain discrepencies in lifestyle between Viennese men and women (for example, women using public transit more often and making more foot trips than men, mostly to run errands, take their children to school, and tend to their elders) do not directly align with the commutes of typical Chicago urbanites, many of whom are students or single and living independently.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Still, if Chicago officials did choose to implement a similar plan, what changes would we see?</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Ideally, the city would showcase more art and installations by female designers, artists and architects. Perhaps we could also design parks and children&#39;s spaces to be more gender-inclusive with a wider range of activities, or create more innovative housing to aid working mothers and families, like Vienna&#39;s <a href="http://www.theatlanticcities.com/commute/2013/09/how-design-city-women/6739/" target="_blank">Women-Work-City</a>.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Designing&nbsp;a city with women in mind is not about building more shopping malls, planting more flowers or erecting a bizarre Marilyn Monroe statue for tourist <a href="http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2012-05-02/entertainment/ct-ent-0502-marilyn-appreciation-20120501_1_marilyn-monroe-statue-sculpture-foundation-melissa-farrell" target="_blank">upskirt shots</a>.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">The key to understanding what women want is not rocket science: just&nbsp;<em>ask</em>. If city officials surveyed the women of Chicago, asking them about the struggles they face on a daily basis and what the city could do to better meet their needs, the answers might surprise them.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><em>Leah Pickett is a pop culture writer and co-host of WBEZ&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/wbezs-changing-channels/id669715774?mt=2">Changing Channels,</a>&nbsp;a podcast about the future of television. Follow Leah on&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/leahkristinepickett" target="_blank">Facebook</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/leahkpickett" target="_blank">Twitter</a>&nbsp;and<a href="http://hermionehall.tumblr.com/" target="_blank">&nbsp;Tumblr</a>.</em></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div></p> Tue, 24 Sep 2013 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-09/making-chicago-better-place-women-108747