WBEZ | World War I http://www.wbez.org/tags/world-war-i Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Morning Shift: New exhibit explores Chicago's influence in World War I http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2014-09-15/morning-shift-new-exhibit-explores-chicagos-influence <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/UBC Library Digitization Centre.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We talk about Alderman&#39;s Fioretti&#39;s mayoral announcement and a new profile of gubernatorial candidate Bruce Rauner. And, we look at Chicago&#39;s role in World World I. Plus, drummer Charles Heath brings jazz back to the South Side.</p><div class="storify"><iframe src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-new-exhibit-shows-chicago-s-influenc/embed?header=false&border=false" width="100%" height=750 frameborder=no allowtransparency=true></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-new-exhibit-shows-chicago-s-influenc.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-new-exhibit-shows-chicago-s-influenc" target="_blank">View the story "Morning Shift: New exhibit explores Chicago's influence in World War I" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:22:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2014-09-15/morning-shift-new-exhibit-explores-chicagos-influence Cycling through World War I http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-31/cycling-through-world-war-i-110586 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/WWI-18.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>WBEZ reporter Alex Keefe took a cycling trip through prominent sites from World War I.</p></p> Thu, 31 Jul 2014 11:34:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-31/cycling-through-world-war-i-110586 Lessons from the battlefields of World War I http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-31/lessons-battlefields-world-war-i-110585 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/WWITrenchCambrai.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>This week is the centennial of the beginning of World War I. We&#39;ll reflect on the impact of the war with Adam Hochschild, author of &quot;To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918,&quot; and WBEZ&#39;s Alex Keefe, who just back from a tour of WWI battlefield sites.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-remembering-wwi/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-remembering-wwi.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-remembering-wwi" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Lessons from the battlefields of World War I" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 31 Jul 2014 11:01:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-31/lessons-battlefields-world-war-i-110585 Schoenhofen Brewery: Of suds and (unfounded) suspicions http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/schoenhofen-brewery-suds-and-unfounded-suspicions-109530 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/3228849121_80a727e9d1_o[1].jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Ted Land asked Curious City to clear up rumors about the old Schoenhofen Brewery in Chicago&rsquo;s Pilsen neighborhood.</p><p>Besides wanting to get a snapshot of the brewery in its heyday, Land also wanted someone to get to the bottom of persistent hearsay about the facility.</p><p>Here&rsquo;s his entire request, in his own words:</p><blockquote><p><em>My brother lives next door to the old Schoenhofen Brewery on W. 18th st. near Pilsen. I&#39;ve often wondered about the now-shuttered facility -- how busy it was and what they produced there. A quick internet search reveals some websites stating that Schoenhofen was once one of the largest brewers in the Midwest, which even had its own spring supplying fresh water to the operation. Another site mentions something about how federal agents seized the brewery during WWI because members of the Schoenhofen family were broadcasting radio messages to Germany from the brewery&#39;s tower. Any truth to this?</em></p></blockquote><p>My own investigation didn&rsquo;t get far; I found many anecdotes about the brewery, but no definitive source could end the confusion for good.</p><p>But then I found a relevant story in Mash Tun Journal. Paul Durica, a recent University of Chicago Ph.D. and frequent <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/your-ticket-white-city-108994">Curious City collaborator</a>, brought his immense research skills to bear on the Schoenhofen rumors &mdash; once and for all.</p><div class="image-insert-image ">Durica shared his findings on an episode of the <a href="http://wbez.org/strangebrews">Strange Brews </a>podcast, joining Ted Land, me and my co-host, Alison Cuddy, for a taping in Pilsen, just a few blocks from the Schoenhofen Brewery. Among the points he took up:&nbsp;</div><ul><li class="image-insert-image ">Rumors of radio signals being broadcast to the German enemy during WWI.</li><li class="image-insert-image ">Claims about the brewery&#39;s water purity</li><li class="image-insert-image ">The brewery&#39;s appearance in the Blues Brother movie</li><li class="image-insert-image ">The brewery&#39;s creation of Green River soda pop</li></ul><p>After the conversation Land said, &ldquo;That&rsquo;s well more than I thought I&rsquo;d learn about this building. I still want to see the artesian springs, though.&rdquo;</p><p><em>Strange Brews is WBEZ&#39;s podcast covering craft beer and related culture. Hosted by Andrew Gill, Alison Cuddy and Tim Akimoff, episodes are recorded on location around the Midwest and include interesting guests including brewers, artists and craft beer lovers.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.twitter.com/andrewgill">Follow web producer Andrew Gill on Twitter</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 16 Jan 2014 17:30:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/schoenhofen-brewery-suds-and-unfounded-suspicions-109530 In 1918, killer flu hits Chicago http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-10/1918-killer-flu-hits-chicago-102957 <p><p>A killer was stalking Chicago in the fall of 1918, a killer called the Spanish flu. The city had never seen anything like it. On this October 17th&nbsp;&mdash; on this one day alone &mdash; 381 Chicagoans died.</p><p>Nine decades later, scientists still argue over the origins of the disease. We do know that the worldwide 1918 flu was the deadliest pandemic since the Black Death. Over 40 million people died &mdash; four times the number killed in World War I. In the United States, flu fatalities were 600,000.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/10-18--US%20Dept%20of%20Public%20Health.jpg" title="Makeshift hospital ward during the 1918 epidemic (Office of the U.S. Public Health Service)" /></div><p>Unlike the usual pattern, most of the victims were not the very young or the very old. Healthy people in the prime of life were dying, and dying quickly &mdash; often within hours of showing symptoms. In Chicago, health commissioner John Dill Robertson decided on drastic actions.</p><p>The disease spread through close human contact. Therefore, all large gatherings were banned&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;athletic contests, labor and political meetings, banquets and so on. Schools shut down, and children playing in the parks were told to go home. Theaters and cabarets closed. Weddings were postponed, and even funerals were suspended.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/10-17--Flu poster.jpg" style="width: 221px; height: 335px; float: right;" title="Chicago Public Health Poster (author's collection)" /></div></div><p>Because they were considered essential for morale, churches remained open. However, Robertson requested that pastors shorten their services. Even so, attendance at religious events was down about one-third.</p><p>Most people had to continue working, so officials asked businesses to stagger their hours. Robertson suggested that commuters walk whenever possible, to avoid overcrowding on public transportation. Laws were passed to ban public spitting and to outlaw smoking on &quot;L&quot; trains. Citizens were asked to wear gauze face masks when they appeared in public.</p><p>By October 21, Chicago had received 100,000 doses of flu vaccine, and inoculations began. Whether this helped is debatable. But over the next weeks, flu deaths rapidly dropped. The war ended on November 11, and the Spanish flu was forgotten in the excitement.</p><p>About 8,500 Chicagoans had died. Former mayor John Hopkins and pioneer educator Ella Flagg Young were the most prominent victims. And there were all the others, known only to their family and friends.</p><p>Those left behind dealt with their grief. One of these was a 29-year-old Bucktown bricklayer named Florian Przedziankowski. In October 1918 he lost both his wife and his mother to the deadly flu.</p><p>But Florian moved on, as he had to. In 1920 he remarried, and a year later, he had a daughter. And that daughter became my mother.</p></p> Wed, 17 Oct 2012 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-10/1918-killer-flu-hits-chicago-102957 The verdict: A war, the Wobblies and charges of espionage in Chicago http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2011-08-17/verdict-war-wobblies-and-charges-espionage-chicago-90076 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2011-August/2011-08-17/IWW rally.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The United States was at war. In a Chicago courtroom, 101 people had been on trial for opposing the war. And on this August 17, the jury announced its verdict.</p><p>The year was 1918. The war was World War I.</p><p>In April 1917, the U.S. had declared war on Germany and Congress passed the Espionage Act shortly thereafter. The law and its later amendments made it a crime to interfere with the war effort, which included "disloyal speech."</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-August/2011-08-03/IWW rally.jpg" title="" width="500" height="309"></p><p>The Industrial Workers of the World--nicknamed the Wobblies--was a radical industrial union headquartered in Chicago. The IWW had opposed U.S. entry into the war. In September 1917, the Justice Department raided several IWW offices throughout the country, seized union documents and took 165 Wobblies into custody.</p><p>When the trial began in April 1918, 101 people had been charged, the largest number ever in a federal court. The presiding judge was Kenesaw Mountain Landis.</p><p>The prosecution argued that the IWW was trying to undermine the war, accusing the union of such things as resisting the draft, advocating industrial sabotage, and conspiring with the enemy. Many aggressive IWW tracts were read into the record.</p><p>Supporters of the IWW claimed the feds were making wild exaggerations without real evidence, and that the government was trying to break a union it feared. Whether that was true, public opinion seemed to be solidifying against the Wobblies. Meanwhile, the trial moved slowly on.</p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-August/2011-08-03/Big Bill Haywood.jpg" style="width: 235px; height: 299px; float: left; margin: 8px;" title="Bill Haywood">Big Bill Haywood, the most famous IWW leader, testified on August 13. Four days later, the prosecution rested it case, before turning it over to the defense.&nbsp; But the defense also rested, without a final presentation.</p><p>Suddenly, after four months, it was decision time. Judge Landis read his instructions to the jury - instructions so involved that they took an hour and a half to complete. Then at 4 p.m., the jury retired.</p><p>Their deliberations took less time than the judge's instructions, and at 5:10 p.m. the jury returned its verdict: guilty for all.</p><p>The defendants were stunned. They hadn't expected this. "I believe Judge Landis's instructions pointed clearly to an acquittal," a shaken Haywood told reporters.</p><p>At sentencing, the defendants were given heavy fines and prison terms ranging up to 20 years. Haywood jumped bail, finding refuge in the Soviet Union. He died there in 1928.</p><p>In 1919, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Espionage Act. Some of its more extreme provisions were later repealed, but it's still on the books. And the IWW is still around, still headquartered in Chicago.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 17 Aug 2011 12:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2011-08-17/verdict-war-wobblies-and-charges-espionage-chicago-90076