WBEZ | obama http://www.wbez.org/tags/obama Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Paasban: The anti-extremist graphic novel http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-09-28/paasban-anti-extremist-graphic-novel-113093 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/paasban.jpg" title="(Photo: Facebook/CFX Comics)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/225993242&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">An unlikely source for anti-extremism in Pakistan&nbsp;</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>One of the most pertinent issues facing Pakistani society is terrorism, but the issue is one that many Pakistani were uncomfortable discussing, until recently. The Peshiwar bombings last December convinced many of the need for a targeted approach to tackling terrorism, but one of the most successful efforts so far comes from an unexpected source; comic books. Mustafa Hasnain, founder of the company Creative Frontiers, is the creator of Pakistan&rsquo;s first digital comic book series, Paasban, which highlights issues of extremism in Pakistan. He joins us today to discuss the comic- book, and his fight against terrorism.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-79bfe761-1596-009c-3c66-c9d5c2082310">Mustafa Husnain is the Co-founder of <a href="http://twitter.com/CFXComics">CFX Comics</a>.</span></em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/225993782&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Obama focuses on Syria in UN address</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>President Obama spoke to the UN today. He discussed a range of issues-everything from the conflict in Syria to the opening of diplomatic relations between the US and Cuba.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/225994469&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">World History Minute: The invention of penicillon</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>On September 28, 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered the anti-bacterial agents that would later be used to make penicillin. Historian John Schmidt reminds how it happened- it all began by accident.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="http://twitter.com/JRSchmidtPhD">Dr. John Schmidt </a>is the author of &#39;On This Day in Chicago&#39;, and a professor at the <a href="http://twitter.com/uchicago">University of Chicago</a>.</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/225994855&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Finding alternatives to open defecation in India</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Chicago-based medical student Ann Schraufnagel knew little about open defecation until she began studying public health at Johns Hopkins. She was shocked to learn about the scale of the crisis. Millions of people in developing countries lack access to basics, like toilets. Schraufnagel decided to go to India to learn more about open defecation and to try and help come up with solutions. She&rsquo;ll tell us how she learned that the reasons many in India don&rsquo;t have toilets was a lot more complicated than she first thought.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-79bfe761-159e-12f8-4892-d68bcf45b04f">Ann Schraufnagel is a UIC Medical student and former fellow of the <a href="http://twitter.com/pulitzercenter">Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting</a>. </span></em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 28 Sep 2015 15:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-09-28/paasban-anti-extremist-graphic-novel-113093 What's next for Iran? 5 possible futures, from disaster to hope http://www.wbez.org/news/whats-next-iran-5-possible-futures-disaster-hope-113029 <p><p>Is the Iranian nuclear deal just a nuclear deal? Is it something bigger that will transform Iran and the broader Middle East?</p><p>Or is it a slow-motion nightmare?</p><p>Nobody can know today, of course &mdash; and yet it&#39;s important to game out the possibilities. What you think of this deal, with terms lasting a decade or more, depends heavily on what scenarios you think are most likely in the future.</p><p>President Obama has offered an optimistic scenario: Iran never gets the bomb and seizes an opportunity to end its isolation.</p><p>Israeli Prime Minster Benjamin Netanyahu offers pessimistic scenarios in which Iran evades weapons inspectors, or simply bides its time and eventually continues nuclear development.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Iranians%20in%20capital.jpg" style="text-align: center; height: 406px; width: 600px;" title="Iranians shop at the main bazaar in the capital, Tehran, on Sept. 16. Many Iranians have high expectations that their economic conditions will improve following the nuclear deal, which will lift some of the toughest sanctions against the country. But some analysts think the economic boost will be limited at best. (Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images)" /></p><p>As part of an NPR News special on the Iranian nuclear deal, we asked five specialists on Iran where the country might be headed. Each focused on different parts of a complicated equation. Each is presented here only as a plausible scenario.</p><p><strong>The Mutual Disappointment Scenario</strong></p><p>This one comes from Mehdi Khalaji, a man who called himself a &quot;recovering ayatollah.&quot; He&#39;s a onetime clerical student in Iran and is now an analyst at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.</p><p>He doesn&#39;t think anybody will get what they hope from the deal.</p><p>The Iranian leadership has been &quot;given promises that if Iran complies with this deal, many of the sanctions would not be enforced,&quot; says Khalaji. &quot;On one hand, that&#39;s a good thing for Iran. On the other hand, that&#39;s not enough for [foreign] companies and banks to immediately start to work with Iran.&quot;</p><p>International firms will be reluctant to make big investments because they know the door to Iran could close again.</p><p>&quot;Any political change in one, two years, may change the political will behind this deal,&quot; he adds, referring both to political change in the U.S. and Iran.</p><p>The Iranian people could be disappointed. The country&#39;s political moderates, who supported the deal, could be discredited.</p><p>The U.S. may also be disappointed with the deal because of Iran&#39;s lack of compliance, which Khalaji thinks will be hard to sustain.</p><p><strong>The Gradual Collapse Scenario</strong></p><p>We heard this vision from Karim Sadjadpour, a journalist who now studies Iran at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.</p><p>&quot;People have had very high expectations for change for many years in Iran,&quot; he says. &quot;So the aftermath of the nuclear deal is met with disillusionment. This deal that we have been hoping for &mdash; that was supposed to open up the country, which was supposed to remove financial restrictions, to open us up politically [and] socially &mdash; disappointed us, didn&#39;t meet these expectations. And there is this long period of disillusionment. And frankly, I think this is a period which could be measured in decades, not years.&quot;</p><p>In this scenario, Iran&#39;s clerics will cling to power, resisting change. They will be increasingly discredited.</p><p>Someday &mdash; maybe many years from now &mdash; the system could collapse as the Soviet Union finally did in 1991.</p><p>If you&#39;re a U.S. policymaker, the Collapse Scenario sounds appealing. But Sadjadpour adds an advisory.</p><div id="res442286716" previewtitle="An Iranian man walks past a mural displaying an outline of Iran, adorned in the colors of the country's national flag, on June 29 in Tehran. A large majority of Iranians appears to support the nuclear deal."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="An Iranian man walks past a mural displaying an outline of Iran, adorned in the colors of the country's national flag, on June 29 in Tehran. A large majority of Iranians appears to support the nuclear deal." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/09/21/iraninan-man-walking-094734b7230aaaecee1a31013ab48a1b186bd5f1-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 240px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;" title="An Iranian man walks past a mural displaying an outline of Iran, adorned in the colors of the country's national flag, on June 29 in Tehran. A large majority of Iranians appears to support the nuclear deal. (Bherouz Mehri/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><p>Should Iran&#39;s revolutionary government collapse, the successor government might prove just as problematic, he suggested. It could resemble post-Soviet Russia, as led by Vladimir Putin.</p></div></div><p>&quot;When I look at the history of Iran and Russia, its resources, the nationalism of the country, its resentment toward foreign interference, its tremendous pride, I see Iran&#39;s future more akin to Russia than I do, say, China, or other countries, perhaps in eastern Europe which have managed to transition to functioning democracies,&quot; he added.</p><p><strong>The Brinksmanship Scenario</strong></p><p>A prominent opponent of the deal, Frederick Kagan of the American Enterprise Institute, outlined this vision.</p><p>&quot;The Iranian interest is to continue the deal for as long as possible, as long as, they&#39;re not actually being interfered with in ways that they find unpleasant,&quot; Kagan says.</p><p>But he expects the situation will become unpleasant: The deal calls for the U.S. to lift economic sanctions linked to Iran&#39;s nuclear program, but the U.S. also has vowed to continue sanctions on non-nuclear issues, such as state support of terrorism.</p><p>Kagan doesn&#39;t think that will work.</p><p>&quot;We are going to want to sanction them, for a variety of a malign activities, including killing our allies and possibly Americans,&quot; he says. &quot;And every time we do that, the Iranians are going to threaten to walk away from the deal. And so we&#39;re going to be engaged in this constant deal-brinksmanship over, &#39;Is it worth it to us to run the risk to impose the sanctions, and the Iranians might walk away? And what will it mean if the Iranians walk away?&#39; &quot;</p><p>If they do walk away and resume banned nuclear activities, the U.S. could restore sanctions or even threaten war &mdash; but Kagan contends that will be impossible. President Obama sold the deal as an alternative to war.</p><div id="res442287361" previewtitle="Iranians cheer during street celebrations July 14 in Tehran, Iran, following a landmark nuclear deal. Many young Iranians want their country to open to the world, and see the nuclear agreement as an important step in ending Iran's isolation."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Iranians cheer during street celebrations July 14 in Tehran, Iran, following a landmark nuclear deal. Many young Iranians want their country to open to the world, and see the nuclear agreement as an important step in ending Iran's isolation." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/09/21/jubilant-iranians-9c7b2ebcc5889c74e9a06c24b8c1d37320e55243-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 450px; width: 600px;" title="Iranians cheer during street celebrations July 14 in Tehran, Iran, following a landmark nuclear deal. Many young Iranians want their country to open to the world, and see the nuclear agreement as an important step in ending Iran's isolation. (Ebrahim Noroozi/AP)" /></div><div><p>&quot;The next [U.S.] president is going to have to deal with that reality, which is ... if he starts or she starts talking about walking away from the deal, you will immediately have a chorus of people who are saying &#39;this begins the march to war &mdash; it&#39;s Iraq all over again.&#39;&quot;</p></div></div><p>Kagan believes that the mutual suspicion between the U.S. and Iran will keep tensions running high, and that it&#39;s a mistake to go forward with a deal that did not receive bipartisan support in the U.S.</p><p>&quot;I think the Iranians are right&quot; not to trust the United States, he says. &quot;I think that the United States collectively &mdash; not the United States as embodied in Barack Hussein Obama, but the United States collectively &mdash; has not signed up to this deal. And doesn&#39;t really necessarily intend to, as a nation, abide by it. We have a whole lot of [presidential] candidates who say they do not intend to abide by it.&quot;</p><p><strong>The Modest Hope Scenario</strong></p><p>This comes from Haleh Esfandiari, an Iranian-American scholar, who was imprisoned in Iran in 2007.</p><p>She&#39;s now in Washington, at the Wilson Center, and sees the Iran agreement as a beginning.</p><p>&quot;The ball is in the court of [President Hassan] Rouhani. He has now to deliver his other promises to the people, regardless of what the supreme leader said,&quot; according to Esfandiari.</p><p>Rouhani won election in 2013, promising better relations with the world, and also a better life at home.</p><p>&quot;People are expecting an improvement in the economy, people are expecting a lowering in the cost of living, people are expecting more access to the outside world,&quot; she adds. &quot;Especially the younger generation are expecting access to employment &mdash; they hope that there will be a lot of foreign investment, as a result, leading to a lot of jobs.&quot;</p><p>The clerics who oversee the government will face pressure to open up the country, despite their reluctance.</p><p>Esfandiari does not expect the forces of change to topple Iran&#39;s government, but she does expect smaller changes.</p><p>&quot;The conflict is going to be within the elite, definitely,&quot; she says. &quot;The conflict is going to be between those who want to follow a more moderate policy and those who want to follow a more radical, conservative policy.&quot;</p><p>Will a more democratic society emerge? &quot;It has to,&quot; Esfandiari says.</p><p>Will a different Iranian foreign policy emerge? Again, she says, &quot;it has to.&quot;</p><p>&quot;This does not mean that Iran will give up the support for Hezbollah, or its important role in Iraq or in Syria,&quot; Esfandiari says. &quot;But it means that it will reach out to the Persian Gulf countries.&quot;</p><div id="con442328310" previewtitle="Related NPR Story"><div id="res442328204"><div><div>Will relations with the U.S. improve?</div></div></div></div><p>&quot;It&#39;s very difficult to predict what improvement means,&quot; she says. &quot;Will they have trade relations? Sure. Will more American tourists &mdash; not in great numbers, but in modest numbers &mdash; visit Iran? Yes. Will Iran and the U.S. cooperate on ISIS [the Islamic State]? Sure. So there is going to be probably modest improvement, but gradual improvement.&quot;</p><p><strong>The Cautious Opening Scenario</strong></p><p>Journalist and scholar Robin Wright has visited Iran many times in recent decades, and in May toured the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, where Iranian revolutionaries took American hostages in 1979. The Iranians have turned the brick building into a museum.</p><p>&quot;Everything looks exactly as it was when it was captured,&quot; Wright says. &quot;The tape for the telex machine and the intercepts machine are in place, the passport equipment &mdash; the stamps and so forth &mdash; are in place. It looks like the whole staff just got up and went out for a coffee break.</p><p>&quot;I was given a tour by a docent, who is with one of the branches of the Revolutionary Guards. And I ask him the question: &#39;Do you foresee the reopening of this embassy anytime soon?&#39; And he said, &#39;No.&#39; &quot;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP_155655373355.jpg" style="float: left; height: 223px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Crowd of Iranian men stand outside the U.S. Embassy compound in Tehran, Iran, where a number of U.S. citizens were taken as hostages, Nov. 1979. (AP Photo)" /></p><p>But her tour guide did say he believed there would be some sort of limited relationship between the U.S. and Iran.</p><p>&quot;The nuclear deal, at the end of the day, is not just about nukes &mdash; it&#39;s about the future of Iran politically; it&#39;s about the future of the revolution,&quot; Wright says. &quot;And there are many in Iran who are afraid that President Rouhani is the equivalent of President Gorbachev, in seeing over the end of the Soviet Union. They are afraid there are going to be too many openings, too many new ties with the outside world, that will corrupt or erode the political process.&quot;</p><p>Because Iranian conservatives hold such fears, Wright&#39;s scenario foresees the nuclear deal being followed by steps backward rather than forward: Conservatives might clamp down on society in an effort to hold off larger social changes.</p><p>&quot;But the truth is that what&#39;s been unleashed here is a different kind of process,&quot; she says. &quot;It&#39;s the beginning of a healing process.&quot;</p><p>The historical moment makes Wright think of a book by Crane Brinton called&nbsp;The Anatomy of Revolution, which refers to the beginning of normalcy at the end of a &quot;raging fever&quot; of revolution.</p><p>&quot;But that doesn&#39;t mean that it&#39;s going to happen soon, and that it&#39;s not going to be fitful,&quot; she adds. &quot;The revolutionary philosophy hasn&#39;t changed, but there is an opening &mdash; and it is just that. It is one opening, when there need to be a lot more to make a difference.&quot;</p><p>Iran and the U.S. have a long and bitter history. There is no scenario where they escape that history. They do have a chance to add to it.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/09/22/441506688/whats-next-for-iran-5-possible-futures-from-disaster-to-hope?ft=nprml&amp;f=441506688" target="_blank"><em>&mdash; via NPR Parallels</em></a></p></p> Tue, 22 Sep 2015 12:50:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/whats-next-iran-5-possible-futures-disaster-hope-113029 Trump does nothing as questioner says Obama is Muslim http://www.wbez.org/news/trump-does-nothing-questioner-says-obama-muslim-112993 <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/gettyimages-488803934_wide-48cc2e0256f44650e44b860c49bb24e94d9942c0-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 337px; width: 600px;" title="Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump listens to a question during a town hall event Thursday at Rochester Recreational Arena in Rochester, N.H. (Darren McCollester/Getty Images)" /></div><p>The fallacy that President Obama is a Muslim has tripped up many a politician, and on Thursday night, GOP presidential front-runner Donald Trump was its latest victim.</p><p>At a town hall in New Hampshire, a man stood up and asked the billionaire businessman this question:</p><blockquote><div><p>&quot;We have a problem in this country. It&#39;s called Muslims. We know our current president is one. You know he&#39;s not even an American. We have training camps growing when they want to kill us. My question: When can we get rid of them?&quot;</p></div></blockquote><p>Trump, who had even interrupted the man to say, &quot;We need this question,&quot; didn&#39;t knock down the premise of his question at the end. Here&#39;s how he responded:</p><blockquote><div><p>&quot;We are going to be looking at a lot of different things. And a lot of people are saying that, and a lot of people are saying that bad things are happening out there. We are going to be looking at that and plenty of other things.&quot;</p></div></blockquote><p>Trump&#39;s campaign says he was talking about the possibility of there being terrorist training camps in the U.S. (something not proven), not Muslims themselves. And his campaign blamed the media for making it much ado about nothing.</p><p>&quot;Mr. Trump was asked about training camps. Mr. Trump answered the question and said, &#39;If there are any, we will fix it.&#39; He said, &#39;I will look into it.&#39; The question was specifically about training camps,&quot; Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski told the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2015/09/17/trump-doesnt-correct-rally-attendee-who-says-obama-is-muslim-and-not-even-an-american/?postshare=5281442543328329">Washington Post</a>. &quot;The media wants to make this issue about Obama. The bigger issue is that Obama is waging a war against Christians in this country. They need support, and their religious liberty is at stake.&quot;</p><p>But does Trump &mdash; who led the birther crusade questioning whether Obama was really born in the U.S. by demanding his birth certificate &mdash; believe Obama is a Muslim?</p><p>&quot;I don&#39;t speak for Mr. Trump,&quot; Lewandowski said.</p><p>Trump would have been peppered with questions about those comments and his response Friday night at Heritage Action&#39;s presidential forum in Greenville, S.C. But Friday afternoon Trump announced he was backing out of his anticipated speech because of &quot;a significant business transaction that was expected to close Thursday.&quot;</p><p>Questions about Obama&#39;s faith and birthplace have persisted from some on the right throughout his tenure. And the question has become a sticky one for Republicans. Some of their base remains skeptical about Obama&#39;s origins and beliefs &mdash; something Trump did nothing to smack down.</p><p>A CNN/ORC&nbsp;<a href="http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2015/images/09/12/iranpoll.pdf">poll</a>&nbsp;out this week showed 29 percent of Americans believe incorrectly that Obama is Muslim. Of that, 43 percent of&nbsp;Republicans&nbsp;believe that to be true &mdash; even though it is false. And that number rises to a whopping 54 percent &mdash; a majority &mdash; among those who say they are Trump supporters.</p><p>Trump is not the first candidate this cycle not to set the record straight. Earlier this year, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker&nbsp;<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/walker-says-he-is-unaware-whether-obama-is-a-christian/2015/02/21/6fde0bd0-ba17-11e4-bc30-a4e75503948a_story.html">said</a>, &quot;I don&#39;t know&quot; when asked if he believed if Obama is a Christian. His campaign later said he did, but didn&#39;t want to play &quot;gotcha&quot; games. But he seemed to double down on that last month,&nbsp;<a href="http://time.com/3981324/scott-walker-barack-obama-christian/">saying</a>&nbsp;he still wasn&#39;t sure but, &quot;I presume he is.&quot;</p><p>John McCain, the 2008 GOP presidential nominee, handled a confrontation similar to Trump&#39;s differently. He was famously asked about Obama, his opponent then, being an &quot;Arab&quot;; the Arizona senator took the microphone away from the questioner and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2008/10/mccain-obama-not-an-arab-crowd-boos-014479#ixzz3m6VpSoUX">shot back</a>. &quot;I have to tell you. Sen. Obama is a decent person and a person you don&#39;t have to be scared of as president of the United States.&quot;</p><p>His response was met with boos. His running mate, former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin, has often invoked Obama&#39;s middle name of &quot;Hussein.&quot;</p><p>It&#39;s not just presidential politics when this issue has come up. Then-Rep. Michele Bachmann, R-Minn.,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.startribune.com/bachmann-alleges-ellison-has-ties-to-muslim-brotherhood/163137126/">alleged&nbsp;</a>that her fellow congressman, Rep. Keith Ellison, D-Minn., who is Muslim, had ties to the Muslim Brotherhood.</p><p>After Trump&#39;s comments &mdash; or lack thereof &mdash; came out, some of his rivals denounced them. Democrats were quick to bash his response.</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Donald Trump not denouncing false statements about POTUS &amp; hateful rhetoric about Muslims is disturbing, &amp; just plain wrong. Cut it out. -H</p>&mdash; Hillary Clinton (@HillaryClinton) <a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton/status/644710016633712640">September 18, 2015</a></blockquote><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Trump must apologize to the president and American people for continuing the lie that the president is not an American and not a Christian.</p>&mdash; Bernie Sanders (@BernieSanders) <a href="https://twitter.com/BernieSanders/status/644865939725504512">September 18, 2015</a></blockquote><div id="res441458875">New Jersey Republican Gov. Chris Christie said on NBC Friday morning that he would have stopped the town hall questioner in his tracks.</div><p>&quot;I wouldn&#39;t have permitted that,&quot; Christie said on&nbsp;Today.&nbsp;&quot;I would correct him. I&#39;d say that the president&#39;s a Christian and he was born in this country. Those two things are self-evident.&quot;</p><p>Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, who is close with McCain, said on MSNBC on Friday that Trump is &quot;playing into this hateful narrative&quot; about Obama. He said Trump should apologize and acknowledge he didn&#39;t handle the situation correctly.</p><p>&quot;Here&#39;s the good news,&quot; Graham said, &quot;most of us on the Republican side don&#39;t tolerate this.&quot;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash;<em><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/09/18/441458050/trump-does-nothing-as-questioner-alleges-obama-is-muslim?ft=nprml&amp;f=441458050"> via NPR&#39;s It&#39;s All Politics</a></em></p></p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 16:47:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/trump-does-nothing-questioner-says-obama-muslim-112993 #IStandWithAhmed resonates from White House to Silicon Valley http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-18/istandwithahmed-resonates-white-house-silicon-valley-112991 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0918_ahmed-624x416.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Everyone from President Barack Obama to Facebook&rsquo;s Mark Zuckerberg has reached out in support to the 14-year-old Muslim boy Ahmed Mohamed who was handcuffed and escorted from his Irving, Texas, school after he brought a clock that he had made at home.</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Cool clock, Ahmed. Want to bring it to the White House? We should inspire more kids like you to like science. It&#39;s what makes America great.</p>&mdash; President Obama (@POTUS) <a href="https://twitter.com/POTUS/status/644193755814342656">September 16, 2015</a></blockquote><p>The event has spread across social media via the hashtag&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/IStandWithAhmed" target="_blank">#IStandWithAhmed</a>. We look at some of the reaction to the story with Slate&rsquo;s editor-in-chief Julia Turner.</p><p>Here &amp; Now&lsquo;s&nbsp;Meghna Chakrabarti spoke with Slate&rsquo;s editor-in-chief&nbsp;Julia Turner&nbsp;on the reaction to the story.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/18/istandwithahmed" target="_blank"><em>Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 16:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-18/istandwithahmed-resonates-white-house-silicon-valley-112991 Obama to nominate first openly gay military service secretary http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-nominate-first-openly-gay-military-service-secretary-112990 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/EricFanning.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>President Obama has nominated Eric Fanning as secretary of the Army, which could make him the first openly gay leader of one of the U.S. military branches.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Eric brings many years of proven experience and exceptional leadership to this new role,&quot; Obama said in a statement. &quot;I am grateful for his commitment to our men and women in uniform, and I am confident he will help lead America&#39;s Soldiers with distinction. I look forward to working with Eric to keep our Army the very best in the world.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Fanning has held<a href="http://www.armytimes.com/story/military/2015/09/18/president-nominates-first-openly-gay-army-secretary/72414970/" target="_blank"> numerous military posts</a> in the Obama administration including special assistant to Secretary of Defense Ash Carter, acting secretary of the Air Force, and deputy undersecretary of the Navy. Before that, he was deputy director of the Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism, according to the White House.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In a<a href="http://www.defense.gov/News-Article-View/Article/606619" target="_blank"> Defense Department statement</a> in July, Fanning said he came out as gay in 1993 and talked about how attitudes at the DOD have changed in recent decades.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;There is a much larger community out there that is looking for opportunities to show its support of us &mdash; that&#39;s certainly been my experience as I&#39;ve come out in my professional network, and it&#39;s picking up steam,&quot; Fanning said. &quot;It&#39;s gone from tolerance to acceptance to embrace.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The nomination is the latest in a series of policy changes and appointments the Obama administration has made that advance the rights of LGBT people in the government. In addition to <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/09/421489372/government-extending-federal-benefits-to-all-married-same-sex-couples" target="_blank">extending federal benefits</a> to same-sex couples and repealing &quot;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2010/12/22/132254478/coming-up-president-signs-repeal-of-dont-ask-dont-tell" target="_blank">don&#39;t ask, don&#39;t tell</a>,&quot; which allowed gays to serve openly in the military, last month, Obama announced the <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/19/432869161/white-house-hires-its-first-transgender-staffer" target="_blank">hiring of the first openly transgender White House staffer.</a></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Fanning, who has served as acting undersecretary of the Army since June, still must be confirmed by the Senate.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/18/441521134/obama-to-nominate-first-openly-gay-military-service-secretary?ft=nprml&amp;f=441521134" target="_blank"><em> via NPR&#39;s The Two-Way</em></a></div></p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 16:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-nominate-first-openly-gay-military-service-secretary-112990 Grading the Obama administration on human rights http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-08-10/grading-obama-administration-human-rights-112613 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Justin%20Norman.jpg" title="(Photo: Flickr/Justin Norman)" /></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/218642375&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Obama&#39;s human rights scorecard</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>President Obama came into office, vowing to close the military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, but seven years after his inauguration, the prison remains open. Conflicts in the Middle East have complicated Mr. Obama&rsquo;s policy presence abroad. Some criticize the President for supporting regimes that deny their citizens basic human rights. We&rsquo;ll speak with Elisa Massimino, president and CEO of Human Rights First, about the Obama Administration&rsquo;s human rights legacy.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-7c19fc73-1939-9925-bfc2-4713b8f0eb85"><a href="http://twitter.com/ecmassimino">Elisa Massimino</a> is the president and chief executive officer of <a href="http://twitter.com/humanrights1st">Human Rights First.</a></span></em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/218643031&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">India&#39;s Parsi population crisis</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Parsis are an ethnic community devoted to Zoroastrianism, a monotheistic religion that dates back well over three millennium. Various estimates put today&rsquo;s global Parsi population between 110,000-190,000. They live mainly in India and Iran. Chicago has about 500-600 Parsis, according to local Zoroastrian leaders. Famed Parsis include India&rsquo;s Tata family. The Parsis face a self-imposed existential crisis, in part, because of low marriage, religious beliefs encouraging small families and strict rules about cross-cultural marriage. We&rsquo;ll talk about Parsi history, culture and tradition and Indian government efforts to encourage its 60,000 Parsis to grow in population with journalist, Nell Freudenberger. Her article, &#39;House of Fire: Can India&rsquo;s Parsis survive their own success?&#39;, appears in the August 2015 issue of Harper&rsquo;s Magazine. Freudenberger&rsquo;s report was supported by a grant from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-a4e3969f-193e-692d-78d0-f1c3de5506f4"><a href="http://twitter.com/nellfreuden">Nell Freudenberger </a>is a </span>journalist and author of the article, &#39;House of Fire: Can India&rsquo;s Parsis survive their own success?&#39;, which appears in the August 2015 issue of <a href="http://twitter.com/Harpers">Harper&rsquo;s Magazine</a>.</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 10 Aug 2015 15:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-08-10/grading-obama-administration-human-rights-112613 Obama Visits Kenya http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-24/obama-visits-kenya-112475 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Obama pic 3.jpg" title="U.S. President Barack Obama waves after being greeted by Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, right, on his arrival at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya Friday, July 24, 2015. Obama began his first visit to Kenya as U.S. president Friday. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)" /></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216187008&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><strong style="font-size: 24px;">Obama Vists Kenya as President</strong></p><p>President Obama heads to Kenya today. This is the first time he will visit his father&rsquo;s home country since he was elected president. The visit is filled with anticipation. There was discussion of making the visit a national holiday. In the town of Funyula in Busia County, which by borders Siaya County, the home area of President Obama&#39;s late father, the radio station there is calling today &ldquo;Obama Day.&rdquo; We&rsquo;ll check in with Phylis Nasubo Magina who is in Funyula. She&rsquo;s the managing director of The ABCs of Sex Education, where she leads a team of 49 community educators providing sex education and HIV prevention. Ken Opalo, an assistant professor at Georgetown University also joins us to discuss Obama&rsquo;s visit. He&rsquo;s originally from Kenya.</p><p><strong>Guests: </strong></p><p>Phylis Nasubo Magina is the Kenya Country Director of The ABCs of Sex Education</p><p>Ken Opalo Ken Opalo is an assistant professor at Georgetown University&rsquo;s School of Foreign Service and a blogger. He&rsquo;s originally from Kenya.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216187612&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Weekend Passport:</strong></span></p><p>Each week global citizen Nari Safavi helps listeners plan their international weekend. This week he&rsquo;ll tell us about an exhibit on North Korea, the film Hiroshima Mon Amor and Bomba Estereo: Album Release Show</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p>Nari Safavi is co-founder of Pasfarda Arts and Cultural Exchange</p><p>Alice Wielinga is a participating artist in North Korean Perspectives</p><p>Marc Prüst] is curator of North Korean Perspectives<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216188449&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_artwork=false " width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size:24px;"><strong>Milos Stehlik talks with Omar Sy, star of the film &#39;Samba&#39;</strong></span></p><p>Film contributor Milos Stehlik sits down with Omar Sy, star of the new film &ldquo;Samba.&rdquo; It&rsquo;s the latest film by the team that brought us &ldquo;The Intouchables. &#39;Samba&#39; tells the story of an undocumented kitchen worker who&rsquo;s battling deportation. The movie follows his struggles and budding romance with the immigration case worker who&rsquo;s trying to help him stay in France.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p>Omar Sy, French actor and comedian, star of the film &ldquo;Samba&rdquo;</p><p>Milos Stehlik is WBEZ&rsquo;s film contributor and director of Facets Multimedia</p></p> Fri, 24 Jul 2015 13:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-24/obama-visits-kenya-112475 Worldview: Obama's executive action on immigration under fire http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-20/worldview-obamas-executive-action-immigration-under-fire-111908 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP782395362726.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" title="Demonstrators, led by the New Orleans Worker Center for Racial Justice and the Congress of Day Laborers, participate in a rally outside the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans, Friday, April 17, 2015.(AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201750269&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Immigration reform and the Obama administration</span></p><p>Last Friday, Justice Department lawyers urged a federal appeals court to lift a stay on President Obama&rsquo;s &nbsp;executive action on immigration.&nbsp;A 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals panel held a special hearing&nbsp;but did not make a ruling on Friday.&nbsp;In February, a Texas judge ruled that Obama&rsquo;s orders overreached and violated the constitution. We&rsquo;ll talk about the ruling, Obama&rsquo;s immigration policies and the national security implications with Maria McFarland Sánchez-Moreno, co-director of U.S. Program at Human Rights Watch.</p><p><strong style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px;">Guest:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-5d502e8b-d887-ff21-44c7-c513cff31558"><a href="https://twitter.com/MariaMHRW">Maria McFarland Sánchez-Moreno</a> is the</span> co-director of <a href="https://twitter.com/HRW">US Program at Human Rights Watch</a>.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201750670&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Relatives of the 43 missing Ayotzinapa students speak out</span></p><p>Last September, 43 students from Mexico&rsquo;s Raúl Isidro Burgos Rural Teacher Training College of Ayotzinapa were detained and disappeared, presumably by police. The students are presumed murdered. Since then, Mexicans have demanded answers, justice and closure from their government. We&rsquo;ll speak with two relatives of the missing students. Cruz Bautista Salbador is a teacher and uncle of disappeared student, Benjamín Ascencio Bautista and María de Jesús Tlatempa Bello is the mother of disappeared student, José Eduardo Bartolo Tlatempa. They&rsquo;re on a national awareness tour and traveled to &nbsp;Chicago as guests of the Chicago Religious Leadership Network on Latin America.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-38438439-d88a-c199-b7c9-bba820c4bf55">Cruz Bautista Salbador is a</span> teacher and uncle of disappeared student Benjamín Ascencio Bautista.</em></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-38438439-d88a-c199-b7c9-bba820c4bf55">María de Jesús Tlatempa Bello</span>&nbsp;is the mother of disappeared student José Eduardo Bartolo Tlatempa.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/201751638&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Two different sides of the Israel Palestine conflict unite under one cause</span></p><p>Hands of Peace &nbsp;is an interfaith group created by three Chicago-area women: Christian; Jewish; and Muslim to foster empathy and peace. They have a particular focus on harmonious co-existence between &nbsp;Palestinian and Jewish citizens of Israel. HOP brings &nbsp;teenagers together to help them understand the world from different points-of-view. We&rsquo;ll talk about HOP with Elik Elhanan, assistant professor of Hebrew and Yiddish literature at The City College of New York. He was a paratrooper in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), but is now a pacifist and &nbsp;military &rsquo;refusenik&rsquo;. &nbsp;In 1997, a suicide bomber killed his 14-year old sister in Jerusalem. &nbsp;We also speak with Aziz Abu Sarah, co-founder and group leader with Mejdi Tours. They help educate people via tours about the religion, culture and history of Israel&rsquo;s Jews and Palestinians by using a Palestinian guide and an Israeli tour guide.</p><p><strong>Guests:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-f6c22ce0-d88d-0edb-3266-5aae6498a1ef">Elik Elhanan is an</span> assistant professor of Hebrew and Yiddish literature in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures in the Jewish Studies Program at The City College of New York.</em></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-f6c22ce0-d88d-0edb-3266-5aae6498a1ef"><a href="https://twitter.com/AzizAbuSarah">Aziz Abu Sarah</a> is a</span> 2014 Ted Fellow and National Geographic&rsquo;s 2011 &ldquo;Emerging Explorer,&quot; co-founder and group leader with Mejdi Tours, an organization that offers dual-narrative experiences by providing one Palestinian guide and one Israeli guide, exposing travelers to the unique cultural, political, and religious narratives of both groups.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 20 Apr 2015 15:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-20/worldview-obamas-executive-action-immigration-under-fire-111908 Obama visits Chicago to designate Pullman monument, boost mayor http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-visits-chicago-designate-pullman-monument-boost-mayor-111589 <p><div class="sc-type-small"><div><p><strong>▲ LISTEN </strong><em>Chicago cultural historian Tim Samuelson joined WBEZ&#39;s </em>Morning Edition<em> anchor Lisa Labuz to talk about Pullman&#39;s history and what Obama designating it a national monument means.</em></p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/pull%20ap%20file.PNG" style="height: 228px; width: 620px;" title="The Pullman Works administration building along with its 12-story clock tower, at left, is highlighted at sunset in Chicago. (AP/File)" /></div></div></div><p>WASHINGTON &mdash; President Barack Obama is turning a historic South Side neighborhood in Chicago into a national monument Thursday, in a visit that also could provide a political lift to the city&#39;s mayor.</p><p>Obama will formally designate the neighborhood where African-American railroad workers won a significant labor agreement in the 1930s as the Pullman National Monument. In the process, the president&#39;s trip to his hometown could help boost turnout for his former chief of staff, Rahm Emanuel, who is up for re-election on Tuesday.</p><p>A <em>Chicago Tribune </em>columnist called the president&#39;s announcement &mdash; commemorating African-Americans who served as porters, waiters and maids on the iconic Pullman sleeper cars &mdash; &quot;a big fat presidential bro-hug&quot; to Emanuel, the president&#39;s &quot;little buddy.&quot;</p><p>The White House says Obama is focused on the historical designation, which honors the neighborhood built by industrialist George Pullman in the 19th century for workers to manufacture luxurious railroad sleeping cars.</p><blockquote><p><strong>Curious City: <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/will-pullman-ever-be-revitalized-107758">What would it take to revitalize Pullman?</a></strong></p></blockquote><p>The 203-acre Pullman site includes factories and buildings associated with the Pullman Palace Car Company, which was founded in 1867 and employed thousands of workers to construct and provide service on railroad cars. While the company employed a mostly white workforce to manufacture railroad passenger cars, it also hired former slaves to serve as porters, waiters and maids on its iconic sleeping cars.</p><p>The railroad industry &mdash; Pullman in particular &mdash; was one of the largest employers of African-Americans in the United States by the early 1900s. Pullman workers played a major role in the rise of the black middle class and, through a labor agreement won by the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, they helped launch the civil rights movement of the 20th century, the White House said.</p><p>Emanuel doesn&#39;t have big-name challengers in his push for a second term, but he faces the possibility of a runoff election if he doesn&#39;t get more than 50 percent of the vote Tuesday. A Tribune poll found he&#39;s close to achieving that mark.</p><p>Before leaving Washington, Obama signed a proclamation in the Oval Office designating the Browns Canyon National Monument in Colorado, a 21,000-acre site along the Arkansas River popular for whitewater rafting. In Chicago, he was also expected to announce designation of the Honouliuli National Monument in Hawaii, the site of an internment camp where Japanese-American citizens and prisoners of war were held during World War II.</p><p>In his appearance before students at a South Side magnet school, Obama also will launch the &quot;Every Kid in a Park&quot; initiative to provide all fourth-grade students across the country and their families with free admission to national parks and other federal lands and waters for a year, the White House said. The program begins with the 2015-2016 school year, marking the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service next year.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP469626824839.jpg" style="height: 424px; width: 620px;" title="Federal troops escort a train through jeering, fist-shaking workmen on August 20, 1958 in Chicago in this drawing of an incident during the Pullman strike of 1894. (AP/File)" /></div><p>The White House said the three new monuments &quot;help tell the story of significant events in American history and protect unique natural resources for the benefit of all Americans.&quot;</p><p>The new monuments will bring to 16 the number of national monuments Obama has created under the 1906 Antiquities Act, which grants presidents broad authority to protect historic or ecologically significant sites without congressional approval.</p><p>Some Republicans have complained that Obama has abused his authority, and they renewed their complaints over the new designations, especially the Colorado site, the largest in size by far among the three new monuments.</p><p>Obama should &quot;cut it out,&quot; said Rep. Ken Buck, R-Colo. &quot;He is not king. No more acting like King Barack.&quot;</p><p>Rep. Doug Lamborn, R-Colo., said he was outraged by what he called &quot;a top-down, big-government land grab by the president that disenfranchises the concerned citizens in the Browns Canyon region&quot; in central Colorado, about 140 miles southwest of Denver.</p><p>Illinois&#39; two senators, Democrat Richard Durbin and Republican Mark Kirk, hailed the Pullman designation.</p><p>&quot;As Chicago&#39;s first national park, Pullman&#39;s 135 years of civil rights and industrial history will be protected and enjoyed for generations to come,&quot; Kirk said in a statement. &quot;This new national park will breathe new economic life into this community, bringing up to 30,000 visitors and more than $40 million each year.&quot;</p><p>Outdoors and wildlife groups hailed the Browns Canyon designation, which they said would allow future generations to enjoy its spectacular landscapes, world-class whitewater rafting, hunting and fishing.</p><p><em>&mdash; Matthew Daly of The Associated Press contributed to this report.</em></p></p> Thu, 19 Feb 2015 13:30:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-visits-chicago-designate-pullman-monument-boost-mayor-111589 White House asks Congress for war powers to fight ISIS http://www.wbez.org/news/white-house-asks-congress-war-powers-fight-isis-111537 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP439279241343.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In a move that is sure to set off a new round of debate over how the U.S. should fight ISIS, the Obama administration has sent Congress a request for formal authorization to use military force against the extremist group.</p><p>A <a href="http://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/02-11-15_White_House_AUMF_Text.pdf">copy of the new Authorization for the Use of Military Force, or AUMF</a>, has been posted by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee; it says ISIS &quot;poses a grave threat to the people and territorial integrity of Iraq and Syria, regional stability, and the national security interests of the United States and its allies and partners.&quot;</p><p>We&#39;ve updated this post to reflect the news. <em>Post continues:</em></p><p>Discussing draft versions of the request earlier this morning, Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Va., <a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/02/11/385396486/sen-kaine-pushes-for-vote-on-military-strikes-against-isis">told NPR&#39;s Morning Edition</a> that President Obama will ask Congress to authorize ground troops, with a prohibition on their use in &quot;enduring offensive combat missions.&quot;</p><p>A similar provision is in the request for war powers; it also sets a three-year limit on the powers and repeals the 2002 authorization for using force in Iraq.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s not good to have these previous war authorizations kind of floating out there&quot; to be used years later, he said.</p><p>White House officials framed the request for war powers after meeting with members of both parties in Congress, where it will come under close scrutiny.</p><p>The effort has been a balancing act, with a key issue being the possible role of ground troops: Republicans say they don&#39;t want to limit the Pentagon&#39;s approach, while Democrats are wary of giving the OK to an open-ended conflict.</p><p>&quot;On Capitol Hill, there is going to be an extended debate, discussion, and argument over exactly what the Authorization for the Use of Military Force should say, what the limits should be,&quot; NPR&#39;s Tamara Keith reports.</p><p>The new AUMF would replace the authorization that was provided to President Bush in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the U.S. It would set new parameters for the U.S. to follow as it tries to combat ISIS, the violent group that has claimed territory in Iraq and Syria.</p><p>&quot;There&#39;s high skepticism on Capitol Hill that the earlier authorizations cover&quot; the military operations the U.S. has already conducted against ISIS, Kaine said.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/02/10/385215395/white-house-seeking-support-of-congress-in-fight-against-isis">As Tamara reported for the Two-Way yesterday</a>, the effort to shape the legislation has included a wide range of administration officials, from White House Counsel Neil Eggleston to National Security Advisor Susan Rice.</p><p>&mdash; <em><a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/02/11/385411567/white-house-will-request-war-powers-from-congress-today-senator-says" target="_blank">NPR&#39;s The Two-Way</a></em></p></p> Wed, 11 Feb 2015 13:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/white-house-asks-congress-war-powers-fight-isis-111537