WBEZ | contraception http://www.wbez.org/tags/contraception Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Sex Won't Make You Dance Better; Sex in a Pool Won't Prevent Pregnancy http://www.wbez.org/news/sex-wont-make-you-dance-better-sex-pool-wont-prevent-pregnancy-114604 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/npr_kenya_finalart_wide-582eed174a66d62efec113dbf225053895c95b0b-s800-c85.jpeg" alt="" /><p><p>To be a girl in the Viwandani slum of Nairobi, Kenya, means sleeping in a one-room shack with as many as eight members of your family. It means convincing your parents that your monthly school fees are worth struggling to save for. It means scrounging for rags or old mattress stuffing to fashion a sanitary pad so you can go to school during that time of the month.</p><p>And for too many, it means ignorance about reproductive health.</p><p>I am a health care educator who has spent a decade working with women and families in the slums of Nairobi. When I meet with adolescents, as I did recently with a group of 75 in Viwandani, I talk about how to manage menstrual periods and the benefits of delaying pregnancy. On this particular visit, I was also there to deliver much-needed sanitary pads donated by girls&#39; schools in the Baltimore-Washington area.</p><p>As I began talking with the girls, ages 11 to 15, they explained they already knew how to avoid getting pregnant. No, their strategies didn&#39;t involve abstaining from sex or using condoms. Here&#39;s what they said would prevent pregnancy: taking a hot bath, drinking hot water, jumping vigorously after sex, having sex in a standing position, or having sex when it is raining or in a swimming pool.</p><p>Their answers saddened me. But I probably shouldn&#39;t have been shocked. According to the 2014&nbsp;<a href="https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR55/PR55.pdf" target="_blank">Kenya Demographic Health Survey</a>, the rate of contraceptive use is lowest among women ages 15 to 19, and 15 percent of them have already given birth.</p><p>These numbers have contributed to alarming rates of maternal mortality: Globally, complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are&nbsp;<a href="http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/">leading causes of death</a>&nbsp;among girls ages 15 to 19.</p><p>When asked why they and their friends engage in sex at an early age, the girls explained their beliefs that sex reduces pains from their period and that a girl is able to dance well if she&#39;s had sex. They also mentioned hunger as a reason. When parents are not able to provide food or clothing, the girls can get these items from men in exchange for sex.</p><p>This is not just a Kenya problem.</p><p>This week, health leaders from around the world are meeting in Indonesia for the International Conference on Family Planning. One key part of the agenda is addressing youth reproductive health. As the&nbsp;<a href="http://fpconference.org/2016/youth/">program notes</a>, there are more than 2 million adolescents with HIV, and one in 10 worldwide births is to a girl age 15 to 19.</p><p>Of course, many devoted people and organizations are already on a mission to address these issues.</p><p>But there are still girls out there, like the ones at my meeting in Nairobi, who don&#39;t even think of contraceptives as a way to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Once I told them about those options, however, they were receptive to them.</p><p>So there is still a need to better understand what drives pregnancy among adolescents and come up with targeted interventions.</p><p>One avenue of opportunity is in the classroom. When I meet with girls in Nairobi, I find they are hungry for the knowledge and skills that will lead to a bright future. The best way to achieve this is to prevent them from dropping out of school. Studies have shown that staying in school reduces the chances of girls getting pregnant or marrying early, lowers rates of HIV infection and puts them on track to acquire a career.</p><p>We also need parents, churches and other community structures to share reproductive health information with the adolescents. It&#39;s time that this education becomes part of the curriculum in schools globally.</p><p>That way, to be a girl in the Viwandani slum of Nairobi, Kenya, can mean earning a degree and going on to enjoy a productive life.</p><div id="res464280285"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><em>Jane Otai is an&nbsp;<a href="http://www.aspeninstitute.org/policy-work/global-health-development/our-breakthrough-solutions/new-voices-fellowship/fellows/otai">Aspen fellow</a>&nbsp;and a community health educator working in Kenya for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.jhpiego.org/">Jhpiego</a>, an international health nonprofit organization and an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University.</em></p><p><em>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/25/463977658/sex-doesnt-make-you-dance-better-sex-in-a-pool-wont-stop-pregnancy?ft=nprml&amp;f=463977658"> via NPR</a></em></p></p> Mon, 25 Jan 2016 14:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/sex-wont-make-you-dance-better-sex-pool-wont-prevent-pregnancy-114604 An 'expectant libertarian' takes on the contraception debate http://www.wbez.org/blog/onstagebackstage/2012-02-25/expectant-libertarian-takes-contraception-debate-96705 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-24/ali klingler.JPG" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-24/ali klingler.JPG" style="margin-right: 10px; margin-top: 10px; margin-bottom: 10px; float: left; width: 300px; height: 225px; " title="(Photo by Kristen Nemoto)">There's been a lot of talk about contraception in the past couple weeks, most of it serious. <em>Paper Machete</em> co-founder Ali Weiss Klingler felt the best way for her to tackle it would be through humor. More specifically, with her playing the character of&nbsp;Penny Pillsbury, an "expectant libertarian." Read an excerpt or listen below:</p><p><em>"I stand for a lot of issues. I stand for keeping the government and scientists off my body and out of my moral sphere. And I realize that's a bit of a mouthful of a tagline, so let's try this-- and this was my sign at an anti-Obamacare rally: If Obama wants it in, it's either wasteful or a sin!</em></p><p><em>And of course I'm talking about the issue that stands before us so prominently in the headlines, that is, the one of the birth control rule. Exactly seven months ago, a panel&nbsp; from the Institute of Medicine recommended that all insurers should be required to cover contraceptives for women free of charge under the new healthcare law.</em></p><p><em>Obama was into the idea. I was pissed off. My first objections were fiscal. Here I'd paid hand-over-fist since high school for something to keep me from bringing an unwanted child into the world, and now this new generation of hussies is going to get it for free?! There goes the neighborhood!"</em></p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332740064-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/ali klingler.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p><p><a href="http://thepapermacheteshow.com/" target="_blank">The Paper Machete</a><em>&nbsp;is a weekly live magazine at the Horseshoe in North Center. It's always at 3 p.m., it's always on Saturday, and it's always free. Get all your</em>&nbsp;The Paper Machete Radio Magazine<em>&nbsp;needs filled&nbsp;<a href="http://wbez.org/thepapermachete" target="_blank">here</a>, or download the podcast from iTunes&nbsp;<a href="http://itunes.apple.com/podcast/the-paper-machete-radio-magazine/id450280345" target="_blank">here</a>.</em></p></p> Sat, 25 Feb 2012 12:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/onstagebackstage/2012-02-25/expectant-libertarian-takes-contraception-debate-96705 The GOP's dystopian healthcare plan http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-02-17/gops-dystopian-healthcare-plan-96502 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-17/AP120216021093.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-17/AP120216021093.jpg" style="width: 600px; height: 438px; " title="House Oversight Committee Chairman Rep. Darrell Issa, R-California (AP/Carolyn Kaster)"></p><p>Don’t be fooled by the crazy carnival around Obama’s contraception rule. The GOP’s main mission here is not to protect religious freedom. It’s simply to destroy Barack Obama and his signature legislative achievement, the Affordable Care Act.</p><p>Yesterday was a red letter day for their efforts: California Congressman Darrel Issa held a hearing on the president’s new rules for employer provided insurance and contraception. But he didn’t call it that -- he bald-faced called it <a href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2012/02/16/issa_s_first_panel_of_witnesses_on_contraception_hearings_included_no_women_.html%20">a hearing on “religious freedom</a>” and lined up a host of male witnesses to tell him everything he wanted to hear. Women witnesses? No, not necessary, said Issa, who apparently doesn’t think women can opine on even his ostensible subject of religious freedom.</p><p>An attack on women? Of course. But, above and beyond, it’s missile pointed at the Affordable Care Act. But here’s the damn kicker: The rule on contraceptives that the Republicans are freaking out about -- the one Obama just eased to please the Catholic Church and the religious right and the loons in the Republican party -- has been in place since December 2000.</p><p>That’s right -- the contraceptive rule Obama just eased was the gift of <a href="http://motherjones.com/politics/2012/02/controversial-obama-birth-control-rule-already-law">George W. Bush</a>. Did anyone scream about this before now? Did the Catholic Church bellow and roar in 2000? Hell no. In fact, DePaul University, the world’s largest Catholic university (and where I work), has been offering contraceptives through its insurance plan for years.</p><p>From <em>Mother Jones</em> Magazine: “In December 2000, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ruled that companies that provided prescription drugs to their employees but didn't provide birth control were in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prevents discrimination on the basis of sex. That opinion, which the George W. Bush administration did nothing to alter or withdraw when it took office the next month, is still in effect today—and because it relies on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, it applies to all employers with 15 or more employees. Employers that don't offer prescription coverage or don't offer insurance at all are exempt, because they treat men and women equally—but under the EEOC's interpretation of the law, you can't offer other preventative care coverage without offering birth control coverage, too.”</p><p>In fact, 26 states -- including <a href="http://www.nwlc.org/resource/contraceptive-equity-laws-your-state-know-your-rights-use-your-rights-consumer-guide-0">Illinois and red states such as Arkansas, Georgia, and West Virginia</a> -- have made contraceptive equity the law of the land and required insurance companies to provide it.</p><p>So this is a scandal, <em>now</em>?</p><p>In their most recent move, the GOP is upping the religious angle in their <a href="http://motherjones.com/politics/2012/02/republican-plan-give-bosses-moral-control-health-insurance">attacks on the Affordable Care Act</a>. Missouri’s Sen. Roy Blunt has authored a coda to the law called the “<a href="http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/292318-s-1813-amendment.html#document/p5/a44791">Conscience Amendment</a>” which would allow <em>any</em> employer -- not just religious or religiously affiliated employers but <em>anyone</em> -- to opt out on any part of the healthcare for <em>any reason</em> if it’s based on “moral grounds.”</p><p>In other words, Tom Cruise, as a Scientologist, could deny mental health benefits to anyone in his employ because Scientologists don’t believe in psychiatry. Anyone with an ax to grind about premarital sex could deny employees pre-natal care. A Christian Scientist could deny all healthcare to all employees.</p><p>Does that sound like the United States or some weird dystopian fiction?</p></p> Fri, 17 Feb 2012 16:14:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-02-17/gops-dystopian-healthcare-plan-96502 Santorum rides the anti-contraceptive conservative wave http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-02-10/santorum-rides-anti-contraceptive-conservative-wave-96283 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-10/6184426000_74302c34a7.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-10/6184426000_74302c34a7.jpg" style="margin-right: 10px; margin-top: 10px; margin-bottom: 10px; float: left; width: 300px; height: 450px; " title="Santorum speaking at CPAC FL in September. (Flickr/Gage Skidmore)">I bet Rick Santorum is a very happy man right now.<br> <br> Not only is he being treated like a rock star at <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/10/rick-santorum-cpac-speech_n_1267840.html%20">this week’s CPAC conference</a>, the big conservative political action committee get together, but President Barack Obama’s inept handling of the contraceptive rule for the Affordable Care Act just handed Santorum a big platform on which to really distinguish himself, not just from the incumbent, but from the GOP frontrunner, Mitt <a href="http://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/health-care/10824-romneys-criticism-of-obamas-contraception-policy-rings-hollow">Romney, whose record on contraceptive mandates more closely mirrors the president’s</a>.<br> <br> In fact, Romneycare’s mandates on contraceptives were exactly like Obamacare’s before this new compromise -- no matter that Romney is now decrying the Obama rules as “an attack on religious freedom.”<br> <br> But never mind Romney. Santorum’s the <a href="http://www.esquire.com/blogs/politics/rick-santorum-contraception-6632083">conservative king on contraceptives</a>. Long before this mess, he was out front on its perils.<br> <br> “[Sex] is supposed to be within marriage. It's supposed to be for purposes that are yes, conjugal… but also procreative. That's the perfect way that a sexual union should happen,” he said before the Iowa caucuses. Then he added that contraception is "a license to do things in a sexual realm that is counter to how things are supposed to be."</p><p>So imagine Santorum’s glee, his utter <em>glee</em> -- just days after unexpectedly stomping Romney in three state contests -- to see his pet cause come to the fore.<br> The whole <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/02/who-bullied-the-susan-g-komen-foundation-into-cutting-funding/252902/%20">Susan G. Komen debacle</a> -- first denying funding to Planned Parenthood, then rescinding that decision -- had already set it up. You see, whenever conservatives talk about Planned Parenthood, it doesn’t matter if it’s abortion or mammograms that’s on deck, the <a href="http://www.truthout.org/authoritarian-agenda-behind-attacks-contraception/1303833424">bottom line is always contraception</a> -- the idea being that any attempt to control fertility is wrong.</p><p>But here’s the rub: <a href="http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/fb_contr_use.html">99 percent</a> of women&nbsp; -- <em>all </em>women -- in the U.S. have, at some time in their lives, used contraceptives.&nbsp; About 30 percent use contraceptive pills, about 16 percent use condoms with their partners (both, by the way, <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/marriage/cclbc.txt%20">banned by the Catholic Church</a> for its adherents).</p><p>That means a majority of Catholic women are using contraception, Church teachings be damned. (And a <a href="http://publicreligion.org/research/2012/02/january-tracking-poll-2012/">majority of Catholics support the President’s contraception mandate</a>, by more than 60 percent.)</p><p>So it’s a real screw up for Obama -- who absolutely needs women to win re-election -- to let this <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/11/health/policy/obama-to-offer-accommodation-on-birth-control-rule-officials-say.html?_r=1&amp;hp=&amp;adxnnl=1&amp;adxnnlx=1328896907-pv67Y9v4lfUvTSzweEaC/Q%20">issue</a> become such a hot potato, especially during the CPAC conference, just as conservatives are feeling the sting from the Komen mess, and allowing anti-contraceptive warrior Santorum to look like a hero instead of the whack job he really is on this issue.</p><p>(A long story in <em><a href="http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0212/72713.html">Politico</a></em> details the role of Bill Daley, in forcing a meeting with Obama and Catholic Church leaders -- a meeting in which no women were present -- to try and box in the president.)</p><p><a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2012/02/10/white-house-fact-sheet-on-contraception-coverage/%20">Obama’s compromise</a> is mostly fine in all but its political execution. It exempts churches and other religious institutions, including parochial schools, from offering contraceptives through their employee insurance plans.</p><p>But it does not exempt religiously affiliated hospitals and universities. And that is correct because, for all intents and purposes, they do not function as religious institutions but as secular ones. Still, under the new rules, while contraceptives will be made available at no cost to any woman who wants it, the cost will fall not on the university or hospital but on the insurer.</p><p>This is red meat for Santorum, who got an extra bonus issue this week with the 9<a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-02-08/proposition-8-likely-headed-supreme-court-96211">th Circuit Court’s decision on Prop 8</a>, now headed straight for the Supreme Court.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/10/us-gay-marriage-washington-idUSTRE81905120120210">Washington state</a> will legalize same sex marriage next Monday, so Santorum will have tons to work with for the next few days.</p><p>It almost makes you feel sorry for Mitt Romney.</p></p> Fri, 10 Feb 2012 19:07:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-02-10/santorum-rides-anti-contraceptive-conservative-wave-96283 List: Forms of contraception and abortion available during Cleopatra's lifetime, according to Stacy Schiff's 'Cleopatra' http://www.wbez.org/blog/claire-zulkey/2011-09-20/list-forms-contraception-and-abortion-available-during-cleopatras-life <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2011-September/2011-09-20/CleopatraSchiff.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Jump up and down, neatly touching your heels to your buttocks seven times to induce miscarriage</p><p>A spider's egg, attached to the body with deer hide before sunrise (prevents contraception for twelve months)</p><p>Attaching a cat liver to one's left foot</p><p>Sneezing during sex</p><p>Crocodile dung (for contraception)</p><p>Mule's kidney + eunuch's urine (for contraception)</p><p>Salt, mouse excrement, honey and resin (as a "morning-after pill")</p><p>The smell of a freshly extinguished lamp to induce miscarriage</p><p>White poplar, juniper berries and giant fennel (for contraception)</p><p>Vinegar, alum and olive oil (for contraception)</p><p>Wool moistened with honey and oil (used as a diaphram)</p></p> Tue, 20 Sep 2011 14:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/claire-zulkey/2011-09-20/list-forms-contraception-and-abortion-available-during-cleopatras-life