WBEZ | slavery http://www.wbez.org/tags/slavery Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Teaching Kids About Slavery: Picture Books Struggle with the Task http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-25/teaching-kids-about-slavery-picture-books-struggle-task <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/9780375868320_custom-cf00cbbd1229995eac509848e751fe9ea5ad5b63-s400-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The shelves and desks at&nbsp;<a href="http://www.teachingforchange.org/">Teaching for Change</a>&nbsp;in Washington, D.C., are full of picture books. For years, the nonprofit, which advocates for a more inclusive curriculum in public schools, has been keeping track of what it considers to be some of the best &mdash; and worst &mdash; multicultural children&#39;s books out there.</p><p>Allyson Criner Brown, Teaching for Change&#39;s associate director, says they keep the bad ones because &quot;there&#39;s so much to learn from them.&quot;</p><p><em>A Birthday Cake for George Washington</em>&nbsp;was just put on the bad shelf.</p><p>Over the weekend, the publisher&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/01/18/463488364/amid-controversy-scholastic-pulls-picture-book-about-washingtons-slave">Scholastic announced it would stop distributing the children&#39;s picture book</a>&nbsp;after public outcry.</p><p>Even though it was created by a multicultural team, the book came under heavy criticism for whitewashing the history of slavery. Just a few months ago, another children&#39;s book,&nbsp;<em>A Fine Dessert,</em>&nbsp;drew similar criticism.</p><div id="con463985245" previewtitle="Book Edition Information"><div id="res463985287" previewtitle="A Fine Dessert"><div data-crop-type=""><a href="http://www.npr.org/books/titles/463985215/a-fine-dessert-four-centuries-four-families-one-delicious-treat"><img alt="A Fine Dessert" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/bakertaylor/covers/a/a-fine-dessert/9780375868320_custom-cf00cbbd1229995eac509848e751fe9ea5ad5b63-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 257px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="A Fine Dessert: Four Centuries, Four Families, One Delicious Treat by Emily Jenkins and Sophie Blackall" /></a></div></div></div><p>It also raised questions about the diversity of the publishing industry and especially about the struggle parents, teachers and authors face when presenting such sensitive topics to young children.</p><p><em>A Birthday Cake for George Washington</em>&nbsp;tells the story of Hercules, a slave Washington used as a chef. It&#39;s a book full of smiles, as Hercules and his daughter, Delia, take pride in baking for the president.</p><p>But the story glosses over the fact that Hercules and Delia are in bondage. And it&#39;s only in a note following the story that the author writes that Hercules escaped, leaving his daughter behind.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s almost as if the book presents that because he had moments of happiness and because he took pride and joy in his work that outweighs the fact that he was enslaved,&quot; Brown said. &quot;And that cannot ever be a part of telling any story about somebody who was held in bondage.&quot;</p><p>Brown said that kind of simplistic, idealized narrative in a picture book is just a reflection of the adult world.</p><p>This is a country, she said, that wants to believe that the United States started as the land of the free and the home of the brave.</p><p>&quot;The nation didn&#39;t start like that for everyone,&quot; she said. &quot;So, as much as we struggle with it, how to then have these difficult conversations with our children with things that we&#39;re wrestling with ourselves, I think is very tough for a lot of people.&quot;</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/books/titles/138262863/elijah-of-buxton"><img alt="Elijah of Buxton by Christopher Paul Curtis" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/bakertaylor/covers/e/elijah-of-buxton/9780439023450_custom-3c16b48f1ca25885968694532a3e28c195e1a960-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 450px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Elijah of Buxton by Christopher Paul Curtis" /></a></p><p>But&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/Ebonyteach?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Ebony Elizabeth Thomas</a>, a professor of education at the University of Pennsylvania, said children are not waiting around for adults.</p><p>Thomas studies how schools approach touchy subjects like slavery, and she spent time with students at a Philadelphia middle school.</p><p>&quot;I found out that kids are not only ready to discuss these topics, but they are already discussing these topics with their friends,&quot; Thomas said.</p><p>At the time of her research, the students were reading<em> Elijah of Buxton</em>,&nbsp;a book about a runaway slave in Canada. Thomas said the kids were making sophisticated connections between the historical fiction and the realities of the Black Lives Matter movement today.</p><p>So the reality is that while kids&nbsp;are already grappling with some of the world&#39;s ugliness, she said, adults&nbsp;are still clinging to a Victorian ideal of an innocent child.</p><p>Adults are thinking &quot;the innocence of the ideal child must be protected at all costs,&quot; she said. &quot;We must keep the dirty secrets of our society away from those kids. And I think that kids are seeing those contradictions.&quot;</p><p>That protection instinct is familiar to writer Matt de la Peña &mdash; especially because he&#39;s a new father.</p><p>&quot;I have a 20-month-old daughter,&quot; he said. &quot;And you really just want to protect your daughter so much from the sadness. And you feel like, she&#39;s gonna see it eventually on her own. But then you have to take a step back and say my need to protect isn&#39;t as important as for her to see the truth.&quot;</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/books/titles/383856474/last-stop-on-market-street"><img alt="Last Stop on Market Street" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/bakertaylor/covers/l/last-stop-on-market-street/9780399257742_custom-3b33ff288b57c2455cbfda64d074e73507324032-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 381px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Last Stop on Market Street by Matt De La Pena and Christian Robinson" /></a></p><p>The truth is something de la Peña thinks about a lot. His books for young adults often deal with the harsh realities of crime and violence. That honesty, he said, is valuable to kids.</p><p>&quot;Young readers have a chance to experience very scary and sad and dark things in books,&quot; he said. &quot;It&#39;s kind of the safest way to experience these things for the first time.&quot;</p><p>De la Peña&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ala.org/alsc/awardsgrants/bookmedia/newberymedal/newberymedal">just won a Newbery Medal</a>&nbsp;for his book<em>&nbsp;Last Stop on Market Street.</em></p><p>It&#39;s about CJ, a black kid taking a bus ride to the soup kitchen with his grandma.</p><p>At one point CJ asks why the poor neighborhood is always so dirty.</p><p>&quot;Sometimes when you&#39;re surrounded by dirt,&quot; the wise grandma responds, &quot;you&#39;re a better witness for what&#39;s beautiful.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/01/22/463977451/controversial-picture-books-surface-struggle-to-help-children-understand-slavery?ft=nprml&amp;f=463977451"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Mon, 25 Jan 2016 14:26:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-25/teaching-kids-about-slavery-picture-books-struggle-task Global Activism: 'Right To Be Free' saves Ghana's children from slavery http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-right-be-free-saves-ghanas-children-slavery-113472 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GA-Righttobefree 3.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-b70e5222-90c6-c2b3-20d5-335ececf6cf4">After hearing Ghanaian Eric Peasah&rsquo;s story about his efforts to rescue child slaves who have been trafficked into Ghana&rsquo;s fishing industry, Chicagoan and Global Activist <a href="http://righttobefree.org/">Lori Dillon</a>, created a local branch of <a href="http://www.rightobefree.org/">Peasah&rsquo;s NGO</a>, Right To Be Free. For Global Activism, Dillon is back with Peasah, who now regularly visits Chicago to spread awareness and educate schoolchildren about enslaved children in Ghana.</span></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/229616854&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 22 Oct 2015 09:12:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-right-be-free-saves-ghanas-children-slavery-113472 Publisher will revise textbook that called enslaved Africans 'workers' http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-10-15/publisher-will-revise-textbook-called-enslaved-africans-workers <p><div style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/1015_texas-textbook.jpg" style="text-align: center; width: 350px; height: 427px;" title="High school freshman Coby Burren texted his mom this image of his world geography book that calls slaves “workers.” (Courtesy of Roni Dean-Burren via Houston Public Media)" /></div><div>Texas has long been a battleground over school textbooks. During the last year, experts have criticized them for <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2014/11/21/365686593/texas-hits-the-books" target="_blank">naming Moses as a founding father</a> and also<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2015/07/13/421744763/how-textbooks-can-teach-different-versions-of-history" target="_blank"> downplaying slavery as a cause of the Civil War</a>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The latest controversy comes after a family near Houston pointed out&nbsp;how a&nbsp;geography book described slaves.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><a href="https://twitter.com/lauraisensee" target="_blank">Laura Isensee</a>&nbsp;from&nbsp;<em>Here &amp; Now&nbsp;</em>contributor Houston Public Media takes a closer look at what happened and what&rsquo;s next.</div><div><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Mxawf6Ktyeo?rel=0" width="560"></iframe></p><p><em><a href="http://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/news/how-texas-board-publisher-want-to-prevent-mistakes-after-mom-calls-out-reference/" target="_blank">Read more on this story via Houston Public Media</a></em></p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/10/15/textbook-calls-slaves-workers" target="_blank"><em> via Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 15 Oct 2015 15:01:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-10-15/publisher-will-revise-textbook-called-enslaved-africans-workers Global Activism: 'Right To Be Free' helps enslaved children in Ghana http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-right-be-free-helps-enslaved-children-ghana-110952 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Ga-Rigght to be free.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-c3432a21-19bd-c013-080f-fe7081a2dc3d">We met Lori Dillon last February about her story to create a local branch of the NGO, <a href="http://righttobefree.org/">Right To Be Free</a>. She did it to support her friend, Ghanaian <a href="http://www.rightobefree.org/">Eric Peasah</a> &ldquo;who has dedicated his life to the rescue and rehabilitation of <a href="http://righttobefree.org/senyos-story.html">trafficked children</a>.&rdquo; For </span><a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism"><em>Global Activism</em></a>, Lori is back, with Eric, who came from Ghana to spread awareness about slavery and indentured servitude of children in his country.</p></p> Thu, 16 Oct 2014 08:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-right-be-free-helps-enslaved-children-ghana-110952 FIFA World Cup Final - Germany vs. Argentina http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-10/fifa-world-cup-final-germany-vs-argentina-110473 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP139776218993.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Our panel of soccer experts joins us to talk about the Final of the world&#39;s largest sporting event, the World Cup.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-the-world-cup-final/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-the-world-cup-final.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-the-world-cup-final" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: FIFA World Cup Final - Germany vs. Argentina" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-10/fifa-world-cup-final-germany-vs-argentina-110473 Real life Django: Love’s struggles on the Underground Railroad http://www.wbez.org/series/dynamic-range/real-life-django-love%E2%80%99s-struggles-underground-railroad-105560 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/django%20unchained%20AP%20small.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="In Quentin Tarantino’s ‘Django Unchained,’ freed slave Django, played by Jamie Fox, struggles to reunite with his wife, Broomhilda, played by Kerry Washington. (AP/Sony Pictures DAPD)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F79402044&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>There&rsquo;s a lot about Quentin Tarantino&rsquo;s Oscar-nominated film <em>Django Unchained</em> that seems, true to the director&rsquo;s well-known dramatic tendencies, somewhat larger than life: The huge personas of do-gooder bounty hunter King Schultz and sadistic slave owner Calvin Candie, for example, or the caricaturist&rsquo;s rendering of the conniving head house slave, Stephen.&nbsp;</p><p>But one crucial element of the film&rsquo;s plot does seem to be drawn from real life: Django&rsquo;s struggle to reunite with his wife, Broomhilda, echoes the lengths slaves would really go to in order to stay with or be reunited with their loved ones.</p><p>Author Betty DeRamus uncovered countless stories of slavery-era couples struggling to be together in the face of incredible adversity while researching her book, <em>Forbidden Fruit: Love Stories from the Underground Railroad</em>. &ldquo;Some of them are black couples, some of them are a free black person with a slave mate, and a few of them are interracial couples,&rdquo; DeRamus said. &ldquo;But they all have one thing in common: All went to extraordinary lengths to avoid being separated.&rdquo;</p><p>There was Joseph Antoine, for example, a free black man from Cuba who chose of life of indentured servitude in order to stay with his wife<strong>. &ldquo;</strong>In the process of working on that [story],&rdquo; DeRamus said, &ldquo;I discovered there were quite a few black Virginians who were willing to surrender freedom because they said the price of freedom was too high; if it meant leaving their families, they&rsquo;d rather not have it. And I had never heard that before.&rdquo;</p><p>Then there was Isaac Berry, the Missouri slave in love with his white neighbor&rsquo;s daughter, Lucy. Berry&rsquo;s owner wanted to sell him to pay off gambling debts, but Berry escaped across the Mississippi River into Illinois, then traveled to Indiana, Michigan, and finally across the Detroit River to Windsor, Canada. Lucy, meanwhile, took the money her family had saved for boarding school and instead bought a train ticket to Detroit, and waited there to meet her beau.</p><p>&ldquo;Remember, there were no cell phones, no Internet, no mass communication of any kind,&rdquo; DeRamus said of this incident, pointing out the extreme difficulty of setting up such a daring and far off rendezvous. &ldquo;One of the most extraordinary things about these couples is the faith that they had. . . that somehow things were going to work out.&rdquo;</p><p>Perhaps the most remarkable story in DeRamus&rsquo; collection is that of John Little, a slave who carried his unconscious wife to freedom on his whip-scarred back. You can hear DeRamus read her account of John Little and his wife in the audio above.</p><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/dynamic-range"><em>Dynamic Range</em></a>&nbsp;<em>showcases hidden gems unearthed from</em>&nbsp;<a href="https://soundcloud.com/chicago-amplified/a-conversation-with-u-s"><em>Chicago Amplified&rsquo;s</em></a>&nbsp;<em>vast archive of public events and appears on weekends. Betty DeRamus spoke at an event presented by The Field Museum in February of 2006. Click</em>&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/forbidden-fruit-love-stories-underground-railroad"><em>here</em></a><em>&nbsp;to hear the event in its entirety.</em></p><p><em>Follow Robin Amer on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/rsamer">@rsamer</a>.&nbsp;</em></p></p> Sat, 16 Feb 2013 08:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/dynamic-range/real-life-django-love%E2%80%99s-struggles-underground-railroad-105560 Documenting abuses in Zimbabwe’s Marange diamond fields http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-10/documenting-abuses-zimbabwe%E2%80%99s-marange-diamond-fields-93936 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-November/2011-11-10/zimbabwe1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Discovered in 2006, the Marange diamond fields in Zimbabwe are considered the world’s biggest diamond find in a century. The discovery, like others in Africa, was followed by a spike in corruption, human rights abuses and forced labor.</p><p><a href="http://www.hrw.org/node/100833" target="_blank">Farai Maguwu</a> has worked extensively to <a href="http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/06/26/diamonds-rough-0" target="_blank">document</a> beatings, torture and killings of local villagers in Marange at the hands of soldiers with the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front. He's the director of the <a href="http://www.crdzim.com/" target="_blank">Center for Research and Development</a> in eastern Zimbabwe. For his dangerous work, Human Rights Watch recently honored Farai with the prestigious <a href="http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/08/09/global-human-rights-watch-honors-7-activists" target="_blank">Alison Des Forges Award</a>.</p><p>Farai and Tiseke Kasambala, a senior researcher with <a href="http://www.hrw.org/" target="_blank">Human Rights Watch</a>, discuss their struggle against blood diamonds.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 10 Nov 2011 17:17:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-10/documenting-abuses-zimbabwe%E2%80%99s-marange-diamond-fields-93936 In Mauritania, a group advocates for ex-slaves http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-27/mauritania-group-advocates-ex-slaves-93541 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-October/2011-10-27/AP060626049765.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The word ‘slavery’ conjures up images of 18th century slave ships and people locked in chains. But slavery is still alive and well in some parts of the world.</p><p>In the Maghreb nation of Mauritania, slaves comprise roughly 20% of the population.</p><p>Will Everett reports from the capital Nouakchott.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>This story originally aired on the </em><a href="http://www.worldvisionreport.org/" target="_blank">World Vision Report</a>. <em>We got it from the <a href="http://www.prx.org" target="_blank">Public Radio Exchange</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 27 Oct 2011 16:26:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-27/mauritania-group-advocates-ex-slaves-93541 'Slavery Footprint' asks, ‘How many slaves work for you?’ http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-18/slavery-footprint-asks-%E2%80%98how-many-slaves-work-you%E2%80%99-93234 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-October/2011-10-18/slavery.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>If you're reading these words on a computer, smart phone or laptop, it's likely that you have at least three slaves working for you somewhere down the global supply chain. That’s according to <a href="http://slaveryfootprint.org/" target="_blank">Slavery Footprint</a>, a new web campaign that’s working in collaboration with the <a href="http://www.state.gov/g/tip/" target="_blank">U.S. State Department</a> to bring attention to forced labor around the world.</p><p>With a sleekly designed, interactive survey, Slavery Footprint aims to personalize the issue of modern slavery by telling you how much your individual lifestyle depends on forced labor — and giving you steps to take to help end it.</p><p>Visit the website and you'll be asked a series of surprising questions, ranging from how many bathrooms are in your home to what kind of nuts you eat and what kind of cooking oil you use.</p><p>The survey then gives you detailed analysis of how many slaves are on the production end of your lifestyle.</p><p>According to Slavery Footprint, there are 27 million slaves in the world today - that is, economically exploited people who are forced to work without pay and cannot walk away from their jobs.</p><p>Justin Dillon, the creator and president of Slavery Footprint, told Jerome McDonnell, host of WBEZ's <em>Worldview</em>, that his ultimate goal is to spark a consumer-driven movement to create a more free world.</p></p> Tue, 18 Oct 2011 16:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-18/slavery-footprint-asks-%E2%80%98how-many-slaves-work-you%E2%80%99-93234 Worldview 10.18.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-101811 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2011-october/2011-10-18/burma.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Stunning recent developments may signal that the Burmese military junta, one of the world's most repressive governments, will consider reform. We speak with <a href="http://www.soros.org/initiatives/bpsai/about/bios/aungthwin" target="_blank">Maureen Aung-Thwin</a>, director of <a href="http://www.soros.org/" target="_blank">The Open Society’s</a> Burma Project, about new optimism surrounding the southeast Asian country. We also hear from <em><a href="http://www.rfa.org/english/" target="_blank">Radio Free Asia’s</a></em> Kyaw Kyaw Aung. He published an unprecedented interview with the powerful head of Burma’s Press Scrutiny and Registration Department. The official pledged to end press censorship. Lastly, if you’re reading this on a computer, smart phone or laptop, you likely have at least three slaves working for you. That's according to <a href="http://slaveryfootprint.org/" target="_blank">Slavery Footprint</a>, a new web-based campaign that personalizes the modern slavery issue by giving you an assessment of how much your lifestyle depends on forced labor—and steps you can take to help end it. We talk to the campaign’s creator, Justin Dillon.</p></p> Tue, 18 Oct 2011 14:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-101811