WBEZ | international development http://www.wbez.org/tags/international-development Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Behind African ‘land grabs’ by U.S. institutions and universities http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-06/behind-african-%E2%80%98land-grabs%E2%80%99-us-institutions-and-universities-96133 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-February/2012-02-06/africa1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A new report from Human Rights Watch says that Ethiopia is forcibly relocating 70,000 indigenous people from the city of Gambella. The reason? To free up land for foreign investment. The report goes on to argue that actions like this, which move people to areas where they can’t feed themselves, are a sure-fire recipe for large-scale famine.</p><p>Today, <em>Worldview</em> delves into land grabs. Entities such as USAID, the World Bank, and major U.S. universities are often the architects behind these land deals, which promise benefits for Africans but can often deliver food insecurity and displacement.</p><p><a href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/team" target="_blank">Anuradha Mittal</a>, founder and director of the <a href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/" target="_blank">Oakland Institute</a>, tells <em>Worldview</em> how these deals take place. The institute researches how land grabs force farmers out of their homes and livelihoods in Africa.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To read research reports published by the Oakland Institute, <a href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/publications" target="_blank">click here</a>.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 06 Feb 2012 16:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-06/behind-african-%E2%80%98land-grabs%E2%80%99-us-institutions-and-universities-96133 A behavioral economist on what works, and what falls flat, in global poverty relief http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-31/behavioral-economist-what-works-and-what-falls-flat-global-poverty-relie <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-31/Maternal Health_Haiti.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>When it comes to global poverty, there’s often a gap between the billions we pour in and the outcomes that actually result. A behavioral economist at Yale University, <a href="http://karlan.yale.edu/" target="_blank">Dean Karlan</a> is trying to uncover the reasons behind this gap.</p><p>Dean is co-author of a new book called <a href="http://www.poverty-action.org/book/index.html" target="_blank"><em>More than Good Intentions: How a New Economics if Helping to Solve Global Poverty</em></a>. It's a <em>Freakanomics</em>-style guide to development projects that work and projects that just don’t make the cut.</p><p>Dean tells <em>Worldview</em> what the world needs to do to make sure every dollar that's donated makes a difference in reducing global poverty.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>Dean Karlan is speaking this evening at the Buffet Center at Northwestern University, at 5PM. Read more about the event <a href="http://planitpurple.northwestern.edu/event/426611" target="_blank">here</a>.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 31 Jan 2012 16:40:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-31/behavioral-economist-what-works-and-what-falls-flat-global-poverty-relie Worldview 1.31.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-01-31 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2012-january/2012-01-31/africa1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Eugene Peba is a member of the Ogoni Tribe, an indigenous group in southeast Nigeria that's been persecuted for decades. Eugene fled his home country for the U.S., but now faces deportation. He tells <em>Worldview</em> why he may have to leave the United States.&nbsp; Also, when it comes to foreign aid, there's often a gap between the billions poured in to help people in need and the outcomes that result. Dean Karlan, a behavioral economist who teaches at Yale University, is trying to figure out what's behind this gap. Dean is the co-author of <em>More than Good Intentions: How a New Economics is Helping to Solve Global Poverty</em>. <em>Worldview</em> talks to Dean about his book, a <em>Freakanomics</em>-style guide which talks about development initiatives that work and don't work.</p></p> Tue, 31 Jan 2012 15:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-01-31 Haiti two years after the earthquake http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-26/haiti-two-years-after-earthquake-95854 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-26/haiti2.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Two years ago this month, Haiti was hit by an earthquake that the United Nations called &ldquo;the largest urban disaster in modern history.&rdquo;</p><p>Since then, the U.N. estimates that more than two billion dollars in aid has gone into the country. But despite the money, efforts to rebuild have been painfully slow.</p><p>Haitian economist <a href="http://snl.depaul.edu/People/Faculty/lcomeau.asp" target="_blank">Ludovic Comeau</a> helps <em>Worldview</em> take stock of the complicated process of rebuilding Haiti. Ludovic is a professor of economics at DePaul University and the president of <a href="http://www.haiti-grahn.net/public/?lang=en" target="_blank">GRAHN-USA</a>, a think tank dedicated to rebuilding the Caribbean nation.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 1in;">&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 26 Jan 2012 16:58:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-26/haiti-two-years-after-earthquake-95854 Global Activism: Chicago doctor brings eye care to Haiti http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-26/global-activism-chicago-doctor-brings-eye-care-haiti-95853 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-26/Dr.Olivier with ruined building near her original home in 2010.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>On today's <a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank"><em>Global Activism</em></a>, we hear from a Haitian American doctor who's trying to change the way eye care is delivered in Haiti. The Caribbean country is still reeling -- politically, economically and emotionally -- from the earthquake that took place in Port au Prince two years ago this month.</p><p>Haiti has only 45 trained ophthalmologists in the entire country, making it hard for people to get any quality eye care. A member of the American Academy of Opthalmology's <a href="http://www.aao.org/haiti/task-force.cfm" target="_blank">Haiti Task Force</a>, <a href="http://rosalindfranklin.edu/dnn/chicagomedicalschool/home/cms/ophthalmology/faculty.aspx" target="_blank">Dr. Mildred Olivier</a> has been seeing patients in Haiti for the past 20 years ago. When she's not in Haiti, she teaches at the Rosalind Franklin Medical School in Chicago.</p><p>Dr. Olivier tells <em>Worldview</em> about her bold plans to build eye care clinics in all nine departments of Haiti.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To hear more stories of people making a difference, check out the Global Activism <a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">page</a>, where you can also suggest a person or organization for the series. Or, email your suggestions to <a href="mailto:worldview@wbez.org">worldview@wbez.org</a> and put “Global Activism” in the subject line. Also, don't forget to subscribe to the <a href="http://%20wbez.org/podcasts" target="_blank">podcast</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 26 Jan 2012 16:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-26/global-activism-chicago-doctor-brings-eye-care-haiti-95853 Global Activism: Combatting HIV in Togo http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-19/global-activism-combatting-hiv-togo-95651 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-19/condom demo togo.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>On today&#39;s <a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism"><em>Global Activism</em></a>, we talk to Beth Skorochod, who works on HIV prevention for <a href="http://www.psi.org/" target="_blank">Population Services International</a> (PSI).</p><p>The organization runs a host of health programs around the globe. These include an HIV prevention project in Togo that targets men who have sex with men. The program uses peer to peer education to encourage men to use condoms and get tested. The Togolese government invited PSI into the country despite the fact that it is illegal for men to have sex with men.&nbsp; Beth tells <em>Worldview</em> how things have been going.</p><p><em>To hear more stories of people making a difference, check out the </em>Global Activism<em> <a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">page</a>, where you can also suggest a person or organization for the series. Or, email your suggestions to <a href="mailto:worldview@wbez.org">worldview@wbez.org</a> and put &ldquo;Global Activism&rdquo; in the subject line. Also, don&#39;t forget to subscribe to <a href="http://wbez.org/podcasts" target="_blank">the podcast</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 19 Jan 2012 16:17:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-19/global-activism-combatting-hiv-togo-95651 Global Activism: Local architects work on pro-bono projects in Chicago and around the world http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-12/global-activism-local-architects-work-pro-bono-projects-chicago-and-arou <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-12/AFHC_Tanzani03.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>On this week's <em><a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">Global Activism</a></em>, <em>Worldview</em> talks to two women who lead the <a href="http://www.afh-chicago.org" target="_blank">Chicago chapter</a> of <a href="http://www.architectureforhumanity.org" target="_blank">Architecture for Humanity</a>. Katherine Darnstadt is co-founder of the chapter and Laura Bowe is its current co-director.</p><p>The organization's slogan is “design like you give a damn,” and they do just that. Uniting architects, designers, engineers, community leaders, and construction workers, Architecture for Humanity provides pro-bono design services to communities in need. In the past, the Chicago chapter has worked here at home, in Des Plaines and Chicago, and around the globe, in Aruja, Brazil and <span class="locality">Nyegina,</span> Tanzania.</p><p>Katherine and Laura tell <em>Worldview</em> what their chapter is up to, and how design is becoming a crucial tool in uplifting communities.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To hear more stories of people making a difference, check out the </em>Global Activism<em> <a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">page</a>, where you can also suggest a person or organization for the series. Or, email your suggestions to <a href="mailto:worldview@wbez.org">worldview@wbez.org</a> and put “Global Activism” in the subject line. Also, don't forget to subscribe to the <a href="wbez.org/podcasts" target="_blank">podcast</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2012 16:30:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-12/global-activism-local-architects-work-pro-bono-projects-chicago-and-arou Global Activism: Chicago neonatologist returns home to India to do development work http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-12-08/global-activism-chicago-neonatologist-returns-home-india-do-development- <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-December/2011-12-08/india3.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><em>Worldview</em> talks to Dr. Anita Deshmukh, the executive director of <a href="http://pukar.org.in/" target="_blank">Partners for Urban Knowledge Action and Research</a>, an organization based in Mumbai. Her research focuses on the relationship between poverty, social equity and health – all through the lens of urban youth.</p><p>A physician and neonatologist by trade, Anita taught and lived in Chicago for 20 years. Anita tells <em>Worldview</em> why she decided to leave her life in Chicago and relocate to Mumbai to work with disenfranchised young people.</p><p><strong>Note:</strong> Some listeners wanted to get their hands on a song we played briefly on last week's <em>Global Activism</em>, which focused on <a href="http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-12-01/global-activism-couple-fights-sickle-cell-disease-cameroon-94508" target="_blank">a couple that's battling sickle cell disease</a> in Cameroon. For your listening pleasure, here is "F.J.K. Anthem":</p><p><span class="filefield_audio_insert_player" href="http://www.wbez.org/sites/default/files/F.J.K.%20Anthem.mp3" id="filefield_audio_insert_player-122073">F.J.K. Anthem.mp3</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To hear more stories of people making a difference, check out the </em>Global Activism <em><a href="http://wbez.org/globalactivism" target="_blank">page</a>, where you can also suggest a person or organization for the series. Or, email your suggestions to <a href="mailto:worldview@wbez.org">worldview@wbez.org</a> and put “Global Activism” in the subject line. Also, don't forget to subscribe to the <a href="wbez.org/podcasts" target="_blank">podcast</a>.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 08 Dec 2011 17:02:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-12-08/global-activism-chicago-neonatologist-returns-home-india-do-development- Gender Action tracks how the World Bank and IMF affect women and children http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-01/gender-action-tracks-how-world-bank-and-imf-affect-women-and-children-93 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-November/2011-11-01/genderaction1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Over the last sixty years, international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have doled out more than one trillion dollars in loans. Much of this money has gone to poor countries to fund large-scale infrastructure projects, from transportation to access to electricity and water.</p><p>But these ambitious projects can have unforeseen consequences. By burdening poor countries with gargantuan debt, they sometimes do more harm than good. And, critics say, the human dimension to these projects is often miscalculated. For example, World Bank-funded pipelines have displaced tens of thousands of impoverished people in places like West Africa and Central Asia.</p><p>While working as an economist at the World Bank, <a href="http://www.genderaction.org/who.html" target="_blank">Elaine Zuckerman</a> started to think that the needs of women and children were being overlooked by these massive, taxpayer-backed financial institutions. In 2002, she founded <a href="http://www.genderaction.org/who.html" target="_blank">Gender Action</a>, a watchdog group that monitors how the practices of the World Bank, IMF and other organizations affect women. It's one of the only organizations of its kind in the world.</p><p>On today's show, we talk to Elaine about how international financial institutions may be contributing to gender inequality.</p></p> Tue, 01 Nov 2011 15:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-01/gender-action-tracks-how-world-bank-and-imf-affect-women-and-children-93 Worldview 11.1.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11111 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2011-november/2011-11-01/syria1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In Syria, some observers are worried that an all-out civil war could erupt. The Assad regime has heightened its crackdown on protesters. The U.S. ambassador recently left the country. And, with Turkey’s support, deserted soldiers are taking up arms against the regime. We discuss the latest in Syria with <a href="http://www.hampshire.edu/faculty/odahi.htm" target="_blank">Omar Dahi</a>, a professor at Hampshire College. Also, while many of the infrastructure projects funded by the World Bank and the IMF are ostensibly designed to help the world’s poorest nations, they often end up benefiting big business and the bottom line at the expense of local populations, especially women and children. We discuss this trend with <a href="http://www.genderaction.org/who.html" target="_blank">Elaine Zuckerman</a>, founder and executive director of <a href="http://www.genderaction.org/" target="_blank">Gender Action</a>, a watchdog group for international financial institutions.</p></p> Tue, 01 Nov 2011 14:46:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11111