WBEZ | University of Chicago http://www.wbez.org/tags/university-chicago Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Sanders calls on students to join his fight in Chicago http://www.wbez.org/news/sanders-calls-students-join-his-fight-chicago-113088 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_441526762664.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>CHICAGO&nbsp;&mdash; Bernie Sanders is calling on thousands of college students to join him in fighting for a $15 minimum wage and women&#39;s rights.</p><div><p>The Democratic presidential candidate and independent senator from Vermont spoke Monday before about 2,000 students at the University of&nbsp;Chicago.</p><p>Sanders graduated in 1964 from the university, where as a student he led protests against racial segregation.</p><p>The event had echoes of those held by President Barack Obama, who campaigned aggressively on college campuses and relied on young voters to help him win two terms.</p><p>Obama also taught at the university, which is near his&nbsp;Chicago&nbsp;home and the future site of his presidential library.</p><p>Sanders says, &quot;We need the idealism and the energy and the intelligence of millions of young people to join us.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<em> via The Associated Press</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 28 Sep 2015 12:52:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/sanders-calls-students-join-his-fight-chicago-113088 UChicago researchers explore the lonely brain http://www.wbez.org/news/does-being-lonely-impact-social-interactions-113044 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/6033995797_5d3b3490da_z.jpg" style="height: 300px; width: 200px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;" title="(flickr/S.Antonio72)" />Researchers at the University of Chicago have found that when you&rsquo;re lonely, your brain may actually operate differently.</p><p>The researchers found that when lonely people are exposed to negative social cues of some kind, the electrical activity in their brains is more extreme. Meaning lonely people are subconsciously guarding against social threats, which could lead them to be even more isolated&nbsp;&mdash; and&nbsp;more lonely.</p><p>Here &amp; Now&nbsp;host Peter O&rsquo;Dowd speaks with&nbsp;Derek Thompson, senior editor with <em>The Atlantic</em>, on this&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wsj.com/articles/new-research-on-overcoming-loneliness-1442854148" target="_blank">research</a>.</p><p>&mdash;<em><a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/22/lonely-social" target="_blank"> via Here &amp; Now</a></em></p></p> Wed, 23 Sep 2015 14:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/does-being-lonely-impact-social-interactions-113044 New trauma center planned for Chicago's South Side http://www.wbez.org/news/new-trauma-center-planned-chicagos-south-side-112899 <p><p>Health officials have announced plans to bring an adult trauma center to Chicago&#39;s South Side after community activists sought one for years.</p><p>The $40 million joint project announced Thursday by University of Chicago Medicine and Sinai Health System would convert the emergency room at Holy Cross Hospital into a trauma center.</p><p>The <a href="http://trib.in/1OG2I5n">Chicago Tribune reports</a> the South Side hasn&#39;t had adult trauma care since 1991, when a now-defunct hospital in the Bronzeville neighborhood closed its trauma center. The center at Holy Cross would be one of four in Chicago.</p><p>Community members have pressured the University of Chicago to open a trauma center on its campus in Hyde Park. University of Chicago Medicine would pay for expansion and renovation at Holy Cross and provide trauma care specialists, while Sinai Health would provide most of the medical personnel.</p></p> Fri, 11 Sep 2015 08:21:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/new-trauma-center-planned-chicagos-south-side-112899 The power of anthropomorphism http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-31/power-anthropomorphism-112772 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/wilson.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Anthropomorphism &mdash; not a word that easily rolls of the tongue. It sounds like a rather complicated concept but it&rsquo;s actually something that affects us everyday. It&rsquo;s something we do when we give human characteristics to animals or objects. It&rsquo;s a psychological phenomenon that can help people overcome their fears and change their perceptions.</p><p>We see it in movies...children&rsquo;s television shows and most often...in advertising. The power of anthropomorphism is explored in the<a href="http://www.chicagobooth.edu/capideas/magazine/fall-2015/are-you-looking-at-me?cat=business&amp;src=Magazine"> latest issue of Capital Ideas</a>, the research magazine for the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Capital Ideas Executive Editor Hal Weitzman dropped by last week to talk more about it.</p></p> Mon, 31 Aug 2015 10:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-31/power-anthropomorphism-112772 Predicting police misconduct before it happens http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-21/predicting-police-misconduct-it-happens-112704 <p><p>Every day there are thousands of interactions between police officers and citizens across the country. While most are uneventful, a small number leave a member of the public disrespected, unprotected, harassed or &mdash; in all too many cases seen recently &mdash; hurt or even killed.</p><p>This summer, fellows with <a href="http://dssg.io/">Data Science for Social Good</a> &mdash; a program at the University of Chicago that connects data scientists with governments and nonprofits &mdash; are working to predict when officers are at risk of misconduct, the goal being to prevent problems before they happen.</p><p>The effort&rsquo;s part of the <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2015/05/18/launching-police-data-initiative">White House Police Data Initiative</a>, which aims to increase transparency and community trust, while decreasing inappropriate uses of force. (That DSSG was approached by the White House wasn&rsquo;t surprising; its program director, Rayid Ghani, was the Chief Data Scientist for Obama for America in 2012.)</p><p>Police departments around the country &mdash; 21 in all &mdash; are participating in the national effort. (Chicago police were not one of the departments picked to participate.) The White House matched DSSG with the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department. Like many agencies, CMPD has early intervention systems. The challenge for DSSG was to find ways to improve them and avoid misconduct.</p><p>&ldquo;So we&rsquo;re trying to identify these opportunities to give them the information and training they need to avoid these negative interactions,&rdquo; said Joe Walsh, a mentor with DSSG overseeing the project.</p><p>CMPD currently looks at measures such as use of force, accidents and injuries, and sets a number of incidents that should trigger a response from the department. Officers who are flagged by the system will meet with a supervisor to review an incident, receive counseling or additional training.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s not the most effective system,&rdquo; said CMPD Capt. Stella Patterson. &ldquo;We realize there&rsquo;s some enhancements that need to be made to it.&rdquo;</p><p>Working through the partnership was sometimes intense. The Charlotte City Council had to <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/06/21/white-house-police-data-initiative-privacy-concerns/28952215/">approve an ordinance to share the data with DSSG</a> (fellowship staff traveled to the city to make that happen), and some officers &mdash; including Patterson &mdash; were anxious sharing so much information with people outside the department. Still she feels that the project will help in the long run.</p><p>&ldquo;As a police officer, I&rsquo;m going to tell you personally, it was a little uncomfortable, because now you&rsquo;re exposing yourself really to the world,&rdquo; Patterson said. &ldquo;People will look at this project as a model for the rest of law enforcement. But the benefit we&rsquo;re going to get from it is going to be great. While some of us may feel like we&rsquo;re opening up ourselves, I feel like law enforcement today and moving forward is going to require that.&rdquo;</p><p>To find common patterns, the DSSG team analyzed incidents and anonymized data of the officers involved. They considered things like: when and where an arrest or traffic stop occurred; had the officer worked extra shifts; how long had they been on the force; even what the weather was like at the time.</p><p>&ldquo;Because it&rsquo;s sort of a new problem, we spent a lot of time trying to grasp what was important and what wasn&rsquo;t, and that&rsquo;s something we&rsquo;re still working on,&rdquo; said fellow Kenny Joseph, a computer science student at Carnegie Mellon.</p><p>That explains why the group of data analysts got face-time with CMPD, meeting department top brass and even going on ride-alongs with officers.</p><p>&ldquo;We would not be able to do a good job had we not gone down,&rdquo; said fellow Ayesha Mahmud, a demography student at Princeton University. &ldquo;None of us had any idea coming in what the everyday life of a police officer was like.&rdquo;</p><p>Mahmud said she was struck by how much time a police officer spends during each shift just speaking with residents to gather information and diffuse problems.</p><p>&ldquo;I think we all came to the realization that the data can only capture a very small part of that story,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I think that really helped us think about this problem.&rdquo;</p><p>With the fellowship finishing up next week, DSSG has identified a few indicators they hope can identify possible problem officers &mdash; such as previous uses of force, working extra shifts, or responding to other stressful calls &mdash; all before they create problems.</p><p>Still, each fellow was careful to point out they haven&rsquo;t tested and refined the model enough to draw any causal conclusions just yet.</p><p>&ldquo;There&rsquo;s just so much that could be at play here and we only have three months,&rdquo; Walsh said. &ldquo;So while we may be able to improve the system that they have, there&rsquo;s still a long way to go.&rdquo;</p><p>Patterson said CMPD plans to review the proposed model before they update their current system, but is open adding the findings to their discussions.</p><p>&ldquo;We may realize, looking at all the data and the research, that the thresholds we have now are inadequate,&rdquo; Patterson said. &ldquo;That piece of it is still to be determined, and we are certainly going to work with University of Chicago as well as our other partners, other agencies, to see what the best practices are.&rdquo;</p><p>While they remain cautious, the fellows believe the model they&rsquo;ve created can help the department do a better job identifying problems before they happen.</p><p>&ldquo;It can&rsquo;t solve everything, but I do think our data can help CMPD do a better job targeting their interventions,&rdquo; Mahmud said. &ldquo;Even if we can help prevent 25 more adverse events in a year, that&rsquo;s better than their current system.&rdquo;</p><p>Walsh said that DSSG plans to continue the project next year, and he&rsquo;s hopeful they can get data from more police departments. The next up is Knoxville, Tennessee.</p><p><em>Chris Hagan is a web producer and data reporter with WBEZ. Follow him at </em><a href="https://twitter.com/chrishagan"><em>@chrishagan</em></a><em>.</em></p></p> Fri, 21 Aug 2015 12:36:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-21/predicting-police-misconduct-it-happens-112704 Mapping program pushes students to consider neighborhood's potential http://www.wbez.org/news/mapping-program-pushes-students-consider-neighborhoods-potential-112640 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/IMG_5040_MAPS.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>On a recent afternoon, University of Chicago field coordinator Priscilla Agbeo and her team of four students stood in the parking lot of a big warehouse in Chicago&rsquo;s West Lawn neighborhood. Agboe wonders if the building is separate stores, or just one big store.</p><p>Cars whiz along South Pulaski Avenue as the students input the company &ldquo;AFAM&rdquo; into their mobile app. They make a note in their personal or borrowed smartphones that the business sells beauty products geared toward African Americans.</p><p>Over this summer about 90 Chicago public high school students mapped communities on the city&rsquo;s South and West Sides. It&rsquo;s part of a program called MAPS Corps run through the University of Chicago in partnership with After School Matters.</p><p>Students are paid to collect and analyze data on neighborhood assets including businesses, churches and educational institutions, observing their communities as researchers help the students understand it in a new way.</p><p>Recent Urban Prep graduate Rommel Slater explained that over the past few weeks they&rsquo;ve talked with residents in South Side neighborhoods like Englewood and Chatham.</p><p>&ldquo;What everyone wants is not necessarily what they need in a community,&rdquo; Slater said.</p><p>Because, what a person says they want could be something that&rsquo;s healthy for the community &mdash; but not for its residents.</p><p>Agbeo, a MAPS Corps alum herself, offered an example.</p><p>&ldquo;We talk a lot about liquor stores for example, and fast food restaurants,&rdquo; she said.</p><p>Bad food and booze seem like obvious unhealthy community options, but Agbeo challenged that idea.</p><p>&ldquo;When you first think about it, you think that&rsquo;s not healthy, but does it create jobs? Is it local?&rdquo; she said.</p><p>MAPS Corps wants residents to know their local assets, even in communities that might be perceived as dangerous and disadvantaged.</p><p>While the students are out collecting data, a maintenance worker stops them to ask what they&rsquo;re doing.</p><p>Walter Payton College Prep junior Uchenna Ngwe quickly explains.</p><p>&ldquo;We go around the South Side, South and West Sides. We collect data about businesses so that people in the community can go to these businesses around them,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;Like if you need a chiropractor, you don&rsquo;t have to go all the way to the North Shore. You can just find one on the West Side.&rdquo;</p><p>The maps generated over the past several years have been used by academic institutions, city departments and even private companies like Pepsi Co.</p><p>Each year builds on information gathered from the last. Students walk the neighborhoods to find out what assets are still in place and what&rsquo;s changed. They also come up with a question of their own to add context to the data. Agbeo&rsquo;s group was based out of the Greater Auburn Gresham Development Corporation.</p><p>&ldquo;So right now, we&rsquo;ve actually been discussing economic racism in our community,&rdquo; Agbeo explained.&nbsp;</p><p>So, there&rsquo;s a demand in the community for things like retail and grocery stores, but there aren&rsquo;t many of either in the neighborhood.</p><p>&ldquo;We&rsquo;re still finding links to connect vacancies to economic racism,&rdquo; Agbeo said.</p><p>She thinks businesses stay away because of high crime and poverty rates &mdash; her group wanted to show that in spite of that, vacancies have the potential for economic development.</p><p>Still, the students aren&rsquo;t immune to the negative perceptions. One day they found a broken handmade sign near Damen Avenue and 71st Street.</p><p>&ldquo;It was a sign that says, &lsquo;I bet $100 that you n-words would commit 60 shootings and 20 murders in the Fourth of July.&rsquo; We have that posted in the room that we meet up,&rdquo; Agbeo remembered.</p><p>Student Rommel Slater didn&rsquo;t know who would&rsquo;ve placed the sign, but it inspired him to act.</p><p>&ldquo;It made me want to share what I see and overcome the stereotypes listed on that board,&rdquo; Slater said.</p><p>And that&rsquo;s what they did.</p><p>After weeks of mapping, Slater and other MAPS students presented their findings at a symposium Wednesday at the University of Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;We found that there&rsquo;s a positive correlation between vacancies and the poverty rate, the violence rate and low property tax value,&rdquo; he told the audience.</p><p>Because, as his fellow mapper Uchenna Ngwe explained, within the last month, 90 percent of residents they surveyed shopped outside of their neighborhood.</p><p>&ldquo;This is all money flowing out of the community,&rdquo; Ngwe began. &ldquo;When these people shopped outside of their community, the places they shopped were predominantly grocery stores, restaurants and department stores, which accounted for almost 70 percent,&rdquo; he explained.</p><p>The group&rsquo;s recommendations included help for small businesses &mdash; from the city and community groups. And, that residents share the responsibility of cleaning up vacant lots--the students included themselves in that call to act.</p><p>Ninety-five percent of the mappers who graduated high school in 2015 will head off to college in the fall. They said they hope the information they provide can spur improvement &mdash; so they can come back to a better neighborhood.</p><p><em>Susie An is a WBEZ reporter. Follow her</em><a href="http://twitter.com/soosieon"><em> @soosieon</em></a></p></p> Thu, 13 Aug 2015 07:47:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/mapping-program-pushes-students-consider-neighborhoods-potential-112640 StoryCorps Chicago: Tales from Theresa's Lounge http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-tales-theresas-lounge-112473 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/bh_storycorps_pokempner.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Marc PoKempner is a <a href="http://www.pokempner.net/book.html">photojournalist </a>who has worked extensively with the <em>Chicago Reader </em>and <em>People</em> magazine.</p><p>But in the 1960s he was just a college student in Hyde Park, interested in photography and the blues.</p><p>StoryCorps producer Francesco De Salvatore interviewed PoKempner recently.</p><p>And they spoke a lot about a basement bar in Chicago on the corner of 43rd and Indiana called Theresa&rsquo;s Lounge, where many of the city&rsquo;s most famous blues musicians held court.</p><p><em><em>Marc Pokempner was interviewed through a partnership with the Maxwell Street Foundation.</em>StoryCorps&rsquo; mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 24 Jul 2015 12:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-tales-theresas-lounge-112473 Advocates for South Side trauma center gain momentum http://www.wbez.org/news/advocates-south-side-trauma-center-gain-momentum-112194 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Screen Shot 2015-06-15 at 4.50.13 PM_0.png" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr">For years, activists have protested the University of Chicago hospital for closing its adult trauma center. And for years, the university has argued a facility would cost too much money. But growing public support for the idea may be turning the tide.</p><p dir="ltr">Veronica Morris-Moore is part of the coalition pushing the school.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;I am connected to this issue because I am a member of Fearless Leading by the Youth. I got started two weeks after Damian Turner, who used to be a cofounder of FLY, got shot in his back on 61st and Cottage Grove,&rdquo; Morris-Moore said.</p><blockquote><p dir="ltr"><strong>Related:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/content/trauma-patients-southeast-side-take-more-time-reach-trauma-centers">Patients on Southeast Side take more time to reach trauma centers</a></strong></p></blockquote><p dir="ltr">The shooting of youth activist Damian Turner happened just around the corner from U of C. The hospital didn&rsquo;t provide adult trauma care so Turner had to be driven nine miles north to Northwestern&rsquo;s hospital &mdash; he died less than 90 minutes later.</p><p dir="ltr">Morris-Moore joined a campaign to pressure the university to reopen its Level 1 adult trauma center, which take care of people injured by penetrating wounds...car crashes, stabbings, gunshots.</p><p dir="ltr">After a few initial protests Moore&rsquo;s group met with University of Chicago officials.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;And that was the meeting just to, I guess, say officially &lsquo;no,&rsquo;&rdquo; she said.</p><p dir="ltr">Chicago is served by six trauma centers sprinkled around the city and nearby suburbs &mdash; none on the city&rsquo;s South Side where some areas suffer high rates of violence.</p><p dir="ltr">The University of Chicago closed its adult trauma center in 1988 after two years. Officials say the hospital lost $2 million annually serving patients without health insurance.</p><p dir="ltr">The effort to reopen U of C&rsquo;s trauma center gained additional attention last fall when the school bid for the Obama Presidential Library. Then this March there was a big protest near the Ritz-Carlton hotel where the university held a $4.5 billion fundraiser.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;That money could fund a trauma center for years and years. I wouldn&rsquo;t say we&rsquo;re in a very desperate moment right now but I think we&rsquo;re at a very important moment,&rdquo; Morris-Moore said.</p><p dir="ltr">That moment features a growing coalition of increasingly powerful voices, from pastors to politicians. U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) has proposed that the federal government grant states money for trauma services.</p><p>Despite multiple requests the University of Chicago declined to be interviewed.</p><p dir="ltr">Meanwhile, the need for adult trauma care on the South Side hasn&rsquo;t gone away.</p><p dir="ltr">Marie Crandall, a surgeon at Northwestern University hospital, put out a <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/report-links-chicagoans-distance-trauma-centers-higher-mortality-rates-106732">study</a> that confirmed <a href="http://www.wbez.org/content/trauma-patients-southeast-side-take-more-time-reach-trauma-centers">an earlier WBEZ analysis</a>.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;What we found was that for similarly injured individuals, if you were shot more than five miles from a trauma center in Chicago that your likelihood of dying was 21 percent greater,&rdquo; Crandall said.</p><p dir="ltr">Earlier this year the Illinois Department of Public Health put out <a href="http://dph.illinois.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Trauma_Center_Feasibility_Study.pdf">a trauma center feasibility study</a>.</p><p dir="ltr">The University of Chicago scores the highest but three other South Side hospitals could be Level 2 adult trauma centers: Jackson Park, Roseland and Advocate Trinity. The difference between a Level 1 and Level 2 is the medical teaching aspect.</p><p dir="ltr">But for cash-strapped hospitals real feasibility still comes down to money.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t know what a perfect solution is and I don&rsquo;t know that adding a trauma center will make as much a difference as most people hope it does,&rdquo; Crandall said. &ldquo;It has to be studied because if we put a tremendous amount of resources in something that ultimately demonstrated no difference in outcomes or even worse a poorly functioning hospital, we would need to reevaluate.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Running a trauma center can exceed $20 million annually. That&rsquo;s why the conversation always turns back to the well-funded University of Chicago.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;The conversation moves slowly but I feel it&rsquo;s in a better place than 5 years ago,&rdquo; Crandall added.</p><p>In fact, officials are working with the state to raise the age of its pediatric trauma center to include 16 and 17 year olds. And in another twist, the university confirms that it is currently working on a study to analyze whether it can open an adult trauma center.</p><p>That&rsquo;s quite a change from the &ldquo;no&rdquo; officials once said.</p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/nmoore-0" rel="author">Natalie Moore</a> is WBEZ&rsquo;s South Side Bureau reporter. <a href="mailto:nmoore@wbez.org">nmoore@wbez.org</a>&nbsp;Follow Natalie on <a href="https://plus.google.com//104033432051539426343" rel="me">Google+</a>, &nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/natalieymoore">Twitter</a></em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 16 Jun 2015 00:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/advocates-south-side-trauma-center-gain-momentum-112194 Cooking up change in American medical schools http://www.wbez.org/news/cooking-change-american-medical-schools-112130 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Food as med manny.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>It&rsquo;s a stormy Friday night in Chicago and traffic is a mess. But, one by one, a group of damp medical students comes filing into a classroom at Chicago&rsquo;s Kendall College. They could be out drinking tonight or hunkered down with their anatomy books. But instead they&rsquo;ve traveled miles from the University of Chicago&#39;s campus to attend a voluntary 3-hour class that they&rsquo;re not even getting credit for.</p><p>The course is Culinary Medicine, which explores the intersection of food, science, medicine and nutrition. The idea is to learn how to help prevent and control some of our most pervasive chronic health conditions.</p><p>&ldquo;We don&rsquo;t get a lot of devoted curriculum to this issue,&rdquo; says Erik Kulenkamp.&nbsp; He&rsquo;s a first-year med student at University of Chicago&rsquo;s Pritzker Medical School.&nbsp; &ldquo;And I feel like it&rsquo;s one of the things patients are most curious about and have the most questions about &mdash; lifestyle changes and things they can do to prevent things from happening to them rather than treating them once they occur.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>Where&rsquo;s the nutrition training for doctors?</strong></p><p>Only about 30 institutions around the country teach culinary medicine. And according to a 2010 survey, only about 27 percent of all American medical schools teach the 25 hours of nutrition coursework recommended by the National Academy of Science.</p><p>This comes at a time when a recent <a href="http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1710486">Journal of the American Medical Association study</a> found that dietary quality is the single biggest risk factor for death and disability in the country.&nbsp;</p><p>This seems crazy to folks like Stephen Devries, who runs Chicago&rsquo;s <a href="http://www.gaplesinstitute.org/">Gaples Institute</a>. It&rsquo;s trying to expand more nutritional training in the medical field. When he spells out for people the current requirements for nutrition training among medical professions, &ldquo;they are shocked.&rdquo;</p><p>Last year, Devries wrote a<a href="http://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343%2814%2900308-8/abstract"> commentary in The American Journal of Medicine </a>decrying the current lack of nutrition education among doctors. He noted that a recent study showed only 14 percent of physicians feel trained to provide nutritional counseling and yet 61 percent of patients turn to their doctors as &ldquo;very credible&rdquo; sources of nutrition information.</p><p>Dr. Geeta Maker Clark is a clinical instructor at the University of Chicago; she also runs an integrative family practice in the North Shore University Health system. She pursued culinary medicine studies after medical school, and has used them in her integrative practice as well as a class for non-med students that she teaches with a chef in Evanston.</p><p>But a couple of years ago she was approached by University of Illinois at Chicago doctoral student Sabira Taher with an idea to expand that teaching to future doctors. Things moved slowly. But last month, working with U of C&#39;s&nbsp; Dr. Sonia Oyola (who co-teaches the class) and Kendall&#39;s chef instructor Renee Zonka, they finally launched this pilot class. The pilot is funded by a grant from the U of C Women&rsquo;s Board, but the university stresses it will not give students credit for taking it.</p><p>At this point the University says, &quot;Instructors are just starting to review data that was collected on the nutritional medicine project to help them assess the class and make refinements if it&rsquo;s offered again. It&rsquo;s possible some iteration will be incorporated into the formal curriculum in the future, but it&rsquo;s too early to say.&rdquo;</p><p>This is not the case at <a href="http://tmedweb.tulane.edu/mu/teachingkitchen/">Tulane University</a>, where med students are required to study culinary medicine. Maker Clark is using teaching modules from the Tulane program in the 4-week&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; course that meets for three hours a session.&nbsp; Each class begin with case studies and clinical lectures. But for the second part of the class they put down the pens and pull on the chef hats.</p><p><strong>Breakfast tacos as medical care</strong></p><p>During a recent class, the University of Chicago medical students cooked up spinach and feta frittatas, quick granola, banana nut muffins and breakfast tacos.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s one of the only opportunities we have at Pritzker to combine treating with pills and things that are directly in the patient&rsquo;s control,&rdquo; says first-year student Maggie Montoya. &ldquo;Also, it will help me with my cooking skills because I can&rsquo;t cook for beans.&rdquo;</p><p>This is a common refrain among med students who said they were eating a lot of take-out and processed food before they took the class. They see it as a way to improve their own health and become examples to their patients.</p><p>That&rsquo;s a huge part of this kind of training, says Dr. David Eisenberg of the <a href="https://www.samueliinstitute.org/">Samueli Institute </a>and the<a href="http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/2015/03/30/qa-with-dr-david-eisenberg-on-self-care-skills-teaching-kitchens-thinking-outside-of-the-box/"> Harvard School of Public Health.</a> For nearly a decade he&rsquo;s been leading a <a href="http://www.healthykitchens.org/">4-day culinary medicine class</a> for health professionals at the Culinary Institute of America in California.</p><p>Surveys from doctors who&#39;ve taken the class have convinced him that such personal experience is key to translating the information to a patient. He cites studies showing that&nbsp; doctors who exercise or have given up smoking are much better at counseling patients on the issues.<br /><br />In a recent <a href="http://academicmedicineblog.org/sneak-peek-nutrition-education-in-an-era-of-global-obesity-and-diabetes-thinking-outside-the-box/">article for Academic Medicine,</a> Eisenberg lamented that so few medical schools prepare their students to dispense dietary guidance, &ldquo;and more importantly there are really few if any requirements on the part of graduating medical students to be knowledgeable about nutrition and its translation into practical advice for patients,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;And those competencies don&rsquo;t exist on the certification exams to become a licensed physician.&rdquo;</p><p>The accreditation body that decides standards for 4-year medical school training is called the <a href="http://www.lcme.org/">Liaison Committee for Medical Education.</a> Its co-chair, Dan Hunt, says that after four years of medical school, he might expect graduates to &quot;identify nutritional disorders, but I wouldn&rsquo;t expect them to be able to treat those disorders because they&rsquo;re going to get the management of the illness in the next set of [specialized residency] training.&quot;</p><p>But that&#39;s not really how it works. In fact, in its <a href="https://www.acgme.org/acgmeweb/tabid/134/ProgramandInstitutionalAccreditation/MedicalSpecialties/InternalMedicine.aspx">34- and 35-page accreditation documents </a>for doctors of internal medicine or cardiology, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education never once mentions a need for any nutrition knowledge. When WBEZ contacted Dr. Mary Lieh-Lai, at the ACGME to ask her why, she initially said that she doubted this was true. Lieh-Lai is the senior vice president of medical accreditation at ACGME and she asked for time to go over the documents herself, and then speak to us.</p><p>When we called 30 minutes later she conceded that nutrition is never mentioned in the documents, but added, &ldquo;We don&rsquo;t dictate the detailed requirements. We leave that up to the programs and the programs make those detailed requirements at the local level because it depends on the local needs and things of that nature.&rdquo;</p><p>Asked if ACGME might ever consider including nutrition knowledge as a requirement for accreditation, Lieh-Lai said, &ldquo;No.&rdquo;</p><p><strong>&ldquo;Tsunami of obesity and diabetes&rdquo;</strong></p><p>Still, Eisenberg blames the current situation less on negligence by the accreditors than a slow response to the &ldquo;tsunami of obesity and diabetes&rdquo; that&rsquo;s hit this country.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t think we could have predicted that health care professionals would need to know so much more about nutrition and its translation into shopping for and preparing healthy delicious foods,&rdquo; he says. &ldquo;Nor did we expect that we would need to know more about movement and exercise or being mindful in the way we live our lives and eat or how to change behaviors. I think these are relatively new areas of expertise that (we) really must grapple with for the next generation of health professionals.&rdquo;</p><p>Back in the Kendall College kitchen Maker Clark aims to give her students some of that expertise. In just the last two hours her students have mastered 12 healthy dishes that they will be able to pass on to future patients.</p><p>Today, this class is just a small grant-funded pilot, but Maker Clark envisions a day when it&rsquo;s standard fare in local med schools.&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />&ldquo;That would be absolutely fantastic,&rdquo; she says. &ldquo;If we can get it to the point where they are getting credit for it and then incorporated into the curriculum, that is a goal.&rdquo;</p><p>A more immediate goal is for students to share what they&rsquo;ve learned with others. Later this month, they&rsquo;ll be expected to teach healthy cooking workshops in underserved Chicago communities as their final project.</p><p>WBEZ will check that out and report back on it here.</p><p><em>Monica Eng is a WBEZ producer and co-host of the Chewing The Fat podcast. Follow her at @monicaeng or write to her at meng@wbez.org</em></p></p> Wed, 03 Jun 2015 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cooking-change-american-medical-schools-112130 Obama chooses Chicago to host his presidential library http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-chooses-chicago-host-his-presidential-library-111970 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/obamapullman2.png" alt="" /><p><p>WASHINGTON (AP) &mdash; President Barack Obama has chosen his hometown of Chicago to host his future presidential library, two individuals with knowledge of the decision said, placing the permanent monument to his legacy in the city that launched his improbable ascent to the White House.</p><p>Obama&#39;s library will be built on Chicago&#39;s South Side, where the University of Chicago has proposed two potential sites not far from the Obama family&#39;s home. It was unclear which of the two sites had been selected, but an official announcement was expected within weeks.</p><p>For Chicago, the decision solidifies the city&#39;s claim to Obama and the legacy of the nation&#39;s first black president. Yet it marks a harsh letdown for New York and Honolulu, two other cities that played pivotal roles in Obama&#39;s journey and competed fiercely to host the library.</p><p>While the library won&#39;t be built until after Obama leaves office, fundraising has already started for the expansive project, which is expected to cost hundreds of millions of dollars to build while serving as an economic engine for the surrounding area. The Barack Obama Foundation, formed by longtime Obama associates, screened proposals and recommended the winner to the president and first lady Michelle Obama, who only recently made the final decision.</p><p>Although Chicago&#39;s victory had long been anticipated, the decision brings to a close a hard-fought competition that began in the earliest days of Obama&#39;s second term. What started as quiet discussions among Obama loyalists in and out of the White House kicked into high gear in 2014 when the foundation began soliciting proposals and interested parties began lobbying the president in public and in private.</p><p>An initial list of about a dozen pitches was culled to four universities that the foundation invited to submit comprehensive proposals, replete with architectural designs, programming ideas and zoning assessments.</p><p>Each school had a compelling case to make.</p><p>The University of Hawaii, not far from Obama&#39;s childhood home in Honolulu, cast its proposal as an opportunity for Obama to continue his focus on the Asia-Pacific region after leaving office. New York&#39;s Columbia University, where Obama went to college, offered prime real estate on its new campus expansion in West Harlem. And the University of Illinois at Chicago presented its proposal as a chance for the president to invigorate a blighted neighborhood while reinforcing his commitment to public education.</p><p>Little is known about the contents of the University of Chicago&#39;s winning proposal, which the school has declined to make public. Still, the president has suggested that the library may be only one component of the post-White House project.</p><p>Presidential libraries often have accompanying policy institutes, presidential centers or museums. Obama has signaled an interest in spending time in New York and Hawaii after leaving the White House, and individuals familiar with the decision said Obama was likely to base other types of programming at the universities that lost out on the library itself.</p><p>Obama&#39;s decision to place the library in Chicago was conveyed to The Associated Press Thursday by two individuals with direct knowledge of the decision. Both spoke on condition of anonymity because the decision hasn&#39;t been publicly announced.</p><p>Obama&#39;s foundation, the White House, the University of Chicago and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel&#39;s office all declined to comment.</p><p>But the individuals said the foundation&#39;s chairman, Obama pal and businessman Marty Nesbitt, spoke with the president earlier in the week about the announcement. A news conference that had been scheduled for Wednesday to announce the decision was postponed at the last minute, and is now expected to be rescheduled for mid-May.</p><p>That the University of Chicago had the inside track grew increasingly evident as the competition progressed. After all, Obama taught law there before becoming president, Mrs. Obama once worked for the school&#39;s medical center, and her former chief of staff was put in charge of running the university&#39;s campaign to win the library. Half of the Obama foundation&#39;s board lives in Chicago.</p><p>Yet while the Obamas had intended to announce the winning site by the end of March, a messy confluence of Chicago politics and Obama&#39;s busy schedule led to multiple delays.</p><p>The university&#39;s struggles to put forward a solid proposal burst into public view late last year when Obama&#39;s foundation let it be known publicly that it had serious concerns. The school, in its proposal, had failed to prove it could secure the Chicago Park District land on which it was proposing to build.</p><p>That set off a scramble by university officials and Emanuel, Obama&#39;s former chief of staff. Despite vocal opposition from a park preservation group, the City of Chicago moved to acquire access to the property while state lawmakers fast-tracked legislation ensuring that Chicago could use public park land for the project, all but ensuring the library would go to the South Side.</p><p>But when Emanuel failed to win enough votes in his March re-election to avoid a runoff, the foundation opted to hold off on a final decision until the runoff vote in April, the AP reported. The library had become a potent issue in the race, and the foundation wanted to avoid injecting the library decision into the political fray.</p><p>___</p><p>Reach Josh Lederman on Twitter at http://twitter.com/joshledermanAP</p></p> Thu, 30 Apr 2015 19:46:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/obama-chooses-chicago-host-his-presidential-library-111970