WBEZ | emotion http://www.wbez.org/tags/emotion Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Music and the brain http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/music-and-brain-106900 <p><p>Music surrounds us &mdash; but why does this art form take such a dominant role in our lives? What happens in our mind when we hear music and how does it effect our emotions? Even with passive listening to music, specific parts of the brain can show activation or increased &ldquo;neural&rdquo; activity. What is it about music that can so dramatically affect brain activity? &nbsp;Are there things that we can learn from music, and its effect on the brain that can help treat people with neurological and cognitive disorders? &nbsp;These are questions that our panel addressed on . Panelists include&nbsp;<strong>Neelum Aggarwal MD</strong>, Associate Professor of neurological sciences, Rush University Medical Center and KV 265 Board member; and <strong>Dr. Hans C. Breiter</strong>, Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Scientific Director of the Warren Wright Adolescent Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/C2ST-webstory_11.jpg" title="" /></div><p>This event was recorded March 13, 2013 at &nbsp;Northwestern University&#39;s Hughes Auditorium.</p></p> Wed, 13 Mar 2013 11:36:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/music-and-brain-106900 What is Cry Crack? http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/what-cry-crack-104643 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/6141900889_3e4dd93057.jpg" style="float: right; height: 167px; width: 250px;" title="Flickr/Sk8ngDad" /><span id="internal-source-marker_0.013920937558516866" style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">Yesterday for New Year&rsquo;s Day we went to visit some friends who have boys ages 2 and 7, which made me strangely sad for the future days when my little baby starts growing up and running around. With that melancholy in mind, I later coaxed the baby into sleeping on my chest as I pursued the great New Year&rsquo;s Day Channel Surf that everyone who partied too hard New Year&rsquo;s Eve enjoys. </span></div><p><br /><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">During the Great Surf, everything is fair game. Which is how I ended up on a couple of minutes of </span><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:italic;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">Beaches</span><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">, which is one of those girly movies that is designed specifically to make women cry. What I didn&rsquo;t remember about it was that in the scenes where (spoiler alert) the lady-who-tragically-dies is pregnant, Bette Midler sings &ldquo;Baby Mine,&rdquo; which is like an Easter egg of sadness, as &ldquo;Baby Mine&rdquo; is a sad song from the saddest movie scene in history. Do you know &ldquo;Baby Mine&rdquo;? Here it is. To set it up, little baby elephant Dumbo was roughed up by some bullies, and his mother stepped in to protect him, but she was rewarded by being locked up as a &ldquo;Mad Elephant,&rdquo; so now little baby Dumbo is without his mommy, but he&rsquo;s able to visit her in her elephant jail, where she rocks him to this song:</span><br />&nbsp;</p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/CORf1liT9cE?rel=0" width="420"></iframe></p><p><br /><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; text-decoration: none; vertical-align: baseline;">I&rsquo;m not kidding that I am crying right now as I type this even though I already cried earlier today looking up this song. This song used to make me cry before I was old enough, I think, to even drive, let alone be a mother, but now, forget it. I also looked up the lyrics (&ldquo;Rest your head close to my heart/Never to part, baby of mine&rdquo; </span><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">&mdash;</span><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;"> that&rsquo;s JUST LIKE ME AND MY BABY) and realized that the lyrics are not just about a mother loving her child but also about a mother protecting her baby from bullies. </span><br /><br /><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">How is it legal that Disney could ever share something so sad with the whole world? A baby who is kept away from his mom because she protected him? Even the mouse in the movie is crying.</span><br /><br /><span style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">My husband just came by the kitchen to laugh at me as I cried some more, and he called this song/scene &ldquo;mom kryptonite,&rdquo; but you don&rsquo;t have to be a mom to find this scene sad (as evidenced by my husband&#39;s convenient refusal to watch it.) I think it&rsquo;s just &ldquo;cry crack,&rdquo; something cruelly guaranteed to make watchers cry or to make anybody who really wants to cry, cry. </span></p></p> Wed, 02 Jan 2013 08:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/what-cry-crack-104643 Scientists demonstrate empathy in rats http://www.wbez.org/story/scientists-demonstrate-empathy-rats-94696 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-December/2011-12-07/bartal1HR.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago researchers say it’s time to take another look at the noble rat. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/content/334/6061/1427">They’ve demonstrated</a> what they call the first clear example in rodents of empathy, a quality previously only observed in primates.</p><p>Scientists have known that rodents show a primitive kind of empathy called “emotional contagion,” meaning a rat near another rat in distress will also feel distress. But the University of Chicago team designed an experiment to see if a rat would actually go out of its way to help a comrade.</p><p>They placed two rats in a cage. One roamed free while the other was trapped in a transparent stall in the center of the cage. The stall could only be opened by the other rat. Once he figured it out, the free rat would quickly move to liberate his cagemate.</p><p>“The trapped rat is now liberated and he runs around the arena,” said neurobiology professor Peggy Mason. “And the free rat runs after him. And jumps on him. And licks him. And it looks like a celebration.”</p><p>The scientists, beginning with graduate student Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal, then refined the experiment to be sure it really was empathy they were observing. They rigged the setup so that the liberator would not be able to play with his newly freed cagemate, to see if the action was motivated by wanting the reward of social interaction. But the behavior didn’t change even when there was no reward. They also tested whether the free rat would open the stall if it was empty, or if it contained a toy rat. He did not.</p><p>Finally, they put in a second stall, containing a handful of chocolate chips. To the scientists’ shock, the free rat would still release the trapped rat first before going for the chocolate -- about half the time.</p><p>“That was spectacularly clear, and what it tells us is that liberating a trapped cagemate is on a par with chocolate. And these are rats that like chocolate,” Mason said.</p><p>Even more staggering is that the free rat left some chocolate for his cagemate, rather than gobbling up all of it as they do when there’s no companion to think of.</p><p>Washington State University neuroscientist Jaak Panksepp <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/content/334/6061/1358.summary">wrote an analysis</a> accompanying the research article, which appears in the journal Science. Panksepp said in an email that this experiment is the clearest-yet demonstration of behavior of this kind, but that further research is needed to untangle the motivation, be it empathy or "social stimulus enrichment."</p><p>The University of Chicago's Peggy Mason believes she's controlled for that possibility, and says she's certain that empathy is what's on display in the rat cage. She says the results suggest empathy goes back much farther in our evolutionary history than previously thought, and is therefore a deep and fundamental part of our very animal nature.</p><p>“What it basically tells us is that if we obey our biological inheritance, we’ll help each other,” Mason said. “To not help another person takes a conscious suppression of a natural biological tendency.”</p><p><object classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=9,0,47,0" height="270" id="flashObj" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&amp;isUI=1"><param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF"><param name="flashVars" value="@videoPlayer=1310843557001&amp;playerID=1217716884001&amp;playerKey=AQ~~,AAAAp3Tjq0E~,iTywAQf1ctD7bjeOK3Q_u_yu5gvGIZDP&amp;domain=embed&amp;dynamicStreaming=true"><param name="base" value="http://admin.brightcove.com"><param name="seamlesstabbing" value="false"><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"><param name="swLiveConnect" value="true"><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always"><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" base="http://admin.brightcove.com" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" flashvars="@videoPlayer=1310843557001&amp;playerID=1217716884001&amp;playerKey=AQ~~,AAAAp3Tjq0E~,iTywAQf1ctD7bjeOK3Q_u_yu5gvGIZDP&amp;domain=embed&amp;dynamicStreaming=true" height="270" name="flashObj" pluginspage="http://www.macromedia.com/shockwave/download/index.cgi?P1_Prod_Version=ShockwaveFlash" seamlesstabbing="false" src="http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&amp;isUI=1" swliveconnect="true" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></object></p></p> Wed, 07 Dec 2011 19:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/scientists-demonstrate-empathy-rats-94696