WBEZ | Hungary http://www.wbez.org/tags/hungary Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en A rising star in Hungarian politics finds himself shut out over how Jewish he is http://www.wbez.org/blogs/onstagebackstage/2012-08/rising-star-hungarian-politics-finds-himself-shut-out-over-how-jewish <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/5127113329_a652340827_z.jpg" style="float: left; height: 428px; width: 300px; " title="Hungary's Liberty Statue in Budapest. (Flickr/redteam)" />No, this story isn&#39;t what you think it is i.e. it&#39;s not about anti-semitism in Hungary (though, on a grand level, it is a little bit). It&#39;s about the anti-semitic behavior of one person, and the hypocrisy that came with it. Director and dramaturg Kelly Kerwin spins the story of a man who escaped the notice of much of the U.S. press, but hasn&#39;t been so lucky in his native country. Read an excerpt below or listen above:</p><div><em>Csanad Szegedi, a high-ranking member of the Hungarian Parliament, was&nbsp;notorious for his seditious remarks regarding Jews: He accused them of &quot;buying up&rdquo; the country for&nbsp;Israel and, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2012/08/14/world/europe/ap-eu-hungary-rightists-roots.html?_r=3">according to </a></em><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2012/08/14/world/europe/ap-eu-hungary-rightists-roots.html?_r=3">the New York Times</a>&nbsp;[via the Associated Press]<em>, &ldquo;railed about the &#39;Jewishness&#39; of the political elite.&rdquo;</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>These comments are, naturally, controversial, but then Szegedi hit below the belt. He stated &ldquo;The&nbsp;problem the [Hungarian] radical right has with the Jews&rsquo; [is] that Jewish artists, actors and intellectuals&nbsp;[have] desecrated Hungary&#39;s national symbols.&rdquo;</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>There are a few ways to rise to power in the modern-day Hungarian Parliament. Csanad&nbsp;Szegedi chose&nbsp;the anti-Semetic route.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>This 30-year old Hungarian parliament member of the Jobbik party had the (neo-Nazi) world at his&nbsp;fingertips and he was going to paint the town red (with the blood of Jews). But, as with everything in&nbsp;life, power has a price. &ldquo;Neither can live while the other survives&rdquo; &ldquo;Winter is coming&rdquo; &ldquo;Against the&nbsp;power of Mordor there can be no victory.&rdquo; &ldquo;&ldquo;Do or do not... there is no try.&rdquo; &ldquo;Why should I fear to trace&nbsp;my birth? Nothing can make me other than I am.&rdquo; Szegedi, has never heard this last quote. From&nbsp;</em>Oedipus<em>. And now, Csanad Szegedi has revealed to the Jobbik Party, to the Hungarian people, and to&nbsp;the world something he recently discovered: Csanad Szeged, the famed anti-Semite, is Jewish.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><a href="http://thepapermacheteshow.com/" target="_blank">The Paper Machete</a>&nbsp;<em>is a weekly live magazine at the Horseshoe in North Center. It&#39;s always at 3 p.m., it&#39;s always on Saturday, and it&#39;s always free. Get all your</em>&nbsp;The Paper Machete Radio Magazine&nbsp;<em>needs filled&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/tags/paper-machete" target="_blank">here</a>, or download the podcast from iTunes&nbsp;<a href="http://itunes.apple.com/podcast/the-paper-machete-radio-magazine/id450280345" target="_blank">here</a>.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Sat, 25 Aug 2012 06:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/onstagebackstage/2012-08/rising-star-hungarian-politics-finds-himself-shut-out-over-how-jewish How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 3 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-3-99036 <p><p>Today we conclude our capsule look at how peoples from the 28 NATO countries helped build Chicago.</p><p><strong>Belgium</strong>—As early as 1854, the government of Belgium identified 83 Belgians as living in the city of Chicago. What there was of a Belgian neighborhood in the city later developed in the few blocks around St. John Berchmans Catholic Church in Logan Square. Since the 1960s that concentration has dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Hungary-St.%20Stephen%20King_0.JPG" title="St. Stephen of Hungary Catholic Church--2015 W. Augusta Blvd."></div></div><p><strong>Germany—</strong>Germans were the first ethnic group to come to Chicago in great numbers. In 1850 one-sixth of the city’s population carried the “born in Germany” label. By 1900 a full 25% of Chicagoans were either first- or second-generation German.</p><p>They settled on the North Side and up the Lincoln Avenue corridor. They built churches, schools, social halls. They printed books and newspapers, and organized political clubs. They were determined to keep their culture. When one nativist mayor closed the saloons on Sunday, the city’s Germans rioted.</p><p>Then came World War I, and a national wave of anti-Germanism. The local Germans became more assimilated. Today, the Dank Haus in Lincoln Square serves as the city’s German-American cultural center. And along with the Irish and the Poles, Germans remain one of Chicago’s largest European ethnic groups. (Hey—those three are my ancestry!) &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Hungary</strong>—In 1890 there were fewer than 2,000 Hungarians living in Chicago. Within 30 years, that number had swelled to over 70,000. Most of the immigrants took up residence on the South Side, notably in the Burnside neighborhood. There were also Hungarian colonies in East Chicago and Joliet, and in the city around Humboldt Park. Today there is no single concentration of Hungarian settlement.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Germany-Altgeld%20%28State%20of%20Illinois%20photo%29.jpg" style="float: right; width: 300px;" title="A German immigrant to Chicago: John Peter Altgeld (State of Illinois photo)"></div><p><strong>Lithuania</strong>—As anyone who read <em>The Jungle </em>knows, many Chicago Lithuanians lived in the Back of the Yards neighborhood, while working in the Stock Yards itself. The community gradually moved southwest, while struggling to keep its ethnic identity during the years of Soviet incorporation. In the Marquette Park area, a section of 69<sup>th</sup> Street was renamed Lithuanian Plaza Court. About 80,000 people of Lithuanian background now live in Chicagoland. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Luxembourg</strong>—People from Luxembourg were living on the North Side as early as the 1840s. Within a few decades, a major settlement became established along Ridge Avenue, near St. Henry Catholic Church. A Luxembourger community also sprang up in Niles Center (Skokie). Today about 150,000 Luxembourgers live in various parts of the city and suburbs.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Turkey-TACA.JPG" title="Turkish American Cultural Alliance--3845 N. Harlem Ave."></div><p><strong>Slovakia</strong>—Though there have been Slovaks in Chicago for over 150 years, their numbers can’t be determined with much precision, since Slovakia did not become fully independent until 1993. For much of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, the major concentration of Slovaks was in the Back of the Yards neighborhood, with another settlement in Joliet. The more recent arrivals have gravitated to Garfield Ridge.</p><p><strong>Slovenia</strong>—Slovenia was first part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, and later became a founding state of Yugoslavia, so tracing Chicago’s Slovenians is not always easy. The earliest local colonies were on the Lower West Side and in Joliet. Community life centered around the Catholic parish, though there was also a large secular element. Today there is a Slovenian Cultural Center in suburban Lemont.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-US-American%20Indian%20Center.JPG" title="American Indian Center of Chicago--1630 W. Wilson Ave."></div><p><strong>Turkey</strong>—Chicago’s Turkish population has always been small and dispersed. The Turkish American Cultural Alliance, located in the Dunning neighborhood, has worked to promote art, history, and Turkish heritage.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><strong>United States</strong>—Before the Europeans came, the largest Native group in current Chicago was the Potawatomi. The tribes were forced to cede their lands during the 1830s, though a few families remained. Since World War II there has been a significant migration from the reservations to urban areas. Today the American Indian Center serves the 40,000 people from nearly 100 tribes living in the Chicago area.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 17 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-3-99036 Worldview 1.6.12 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-1612-0 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-january/2012-01-06/brazil-photo.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Hungary’s conservative Fidesz party overhauled the central European nation’s constitution and passed laws that consolidate power. The changes may violate the Lisbon Treaty, which governs E.U. membership.<a href="http://lapa.princeton.edu/peopledetail.php?ID=432" target="_blank"> Kim Lane Scheppele</a>, who studies comparative constitutional law, tells Worldview she’s rarely seen a full-blown democracy so recklessly dismantled. Also,&nbsp; Rio de Janeiro is set to host the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics. But the process of turning Rio into a “global city” involves demolishing buildings and evicting residents of Rio’s slums, known as <em>favelas</em>.&nbsp; <em>Worldview</em> talks with Theresa Williamson, executive director of <a href="http://Hungary%E2%80%99s%20new%20controversial%20constitution:%20Hungary%E2%80%99s%20conservative%20Fidesz%20party%20overhauled%20the%20central%20European%20nation%E2%80%99s%20constitution%20and%20passed%20laws%20that%20consolidate%20power.%20The%20changes%20may%20violate%20the%20Lisbon%20Treaty,%20which%20governs%20E.U.%20membership.%20Kim%20Lane%20Scheppele,%20who%20studies%20comparative%20constitutional%20law,%20tells%20Worldview%20she%E2%80%99s%20rarely%20seen%20a%20full-blown%20democracy%20so%20recklessly%20dismantled.%20%20%20Brazilian%20Favelas:%20Rio%20de%20Janeiro%20is%20set%20to%20host%20the%202014%20World%20Cup%20and%20the%202016%20Summer%20Olympics.%20But%20the%20process%20of%20turning%20Rio%20into%20a%20%E2%80%9Cglobal%20city%E2%80%9D%20involves%20demolishing%20buildings%20and%20evicting%20residents%20of%20Rio%E2%80%99s%20favelas.%20We%E2%80%99ll%20talk%20with%20Theresa%20Williams,%20founder%20of%20Rio%20On%20Watch,%20an%20organization%20dedicated%20to%20bringing%20visibility%20to%20the%20favela%20community.%20%20Milos%20Stehlik%20Review:%20Film%20contributor%20Milos%20Stehlik%20reviews%20The%20Conquest,%20a%20film%20about%20French%20President%20Nicolas%20Sarkozy%27s%20rise%20to%20power.%20It%20opens%20at%20Music%20Box%20on%20Friday." target="_blank">Catalytic Communities,</a> an organization dedicated to bringing visibility to <em>favela</em> communities. &nbsp; And film contributor Milos Stehlik reviews <em>The Conquest</em>, a film about French President Nicolas Sarkozy's rise to power.</p></p> Fri, 06 Jan 2012 17:57:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-1612-0