WBEZ | Gabriel Spitzer http://www.wbez.org/tags/gabriel-spitzer Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Stressed children face a potentially unhealthy future http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-13/stressed-children-facing-potentially-unhealthy-future-95531 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-13/3192341451_b27a660239_o.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>It has long been reported that growing up in a harsh environment is bad for children: Violence, poverty and neglect can have long-lasting consequences on kids’ lives. Now the <a href="http://www.aap.org/en-us/Pages/Default.aspx?nfstatus=401&amp;nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&amp;nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token" target="_blank">American Academy of Pediatrics</a> is highlighting early-childhood stress as one of the biggest public health priorities facing society. When the Elk Grove Village–based group makes a policy statement like this, people listen. WBEZ’s Gabriel Spitzer joined <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> to talk through what this all means.</p><p>American Academy of Pediatrics article, "<a href="http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/1/e224.full.pdf+html" target="_blank">Early Childhood Adversity, Toxic Stress, and the Role of the Pediatrician:Translating Developmental Science Into Lifelong Health</a>."</p></p> Fri, 13 Jan 2012 15:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-13/stressed-children-facing-potentially-unhealthy-future-95531 Out of the Shadows: Factors that lead mentally ill kids into juvenile detention http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-18/out-shadows-factors-lead-mentally-ill-kids-juvenile-detention-93272 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-03/RS4851_AP99040502458-scr.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Not all mentally ill children are violent but some of them are. And many of those kids wind up tangling with the law. Experts say it’s hard to keep them out of trouble once they’ve gotten into it. Repeated visits to juvenile jail mean these kids become a burden on society and less successful in life and school. As part of our series Out of the Shadows, we explore why so many kids in juvenile jail are mentally ill. An estimated 70 percent in the country’s juvenile justice system have some diagnosable illness. WBEZ’s Gabriel Spitzer reported on this issue and brought us this conversation with experts on the matter.</p><p>Spitzer was joined by <a href="http://www.psych.uic.edu/ijr/facultymember.asp?p=jcarbray" target="_blank">Dr. Julie Carbray</a>, who works with police team in Chicago to educate them about mental health and mood disorders in children, <a href="http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/people/teplin.html" target="_blank">Linda Teplin</a>, Professor of Psychiatry and Director of the Psycho-Legal Studies Program at Northwestern University Medical School and <a href="http://ego.thechicagoschool.edu/s/843/index.aspx?sid=843&amp;gid=30&amp;pgid=1511" target="_blank">Sharon Coleman</a>, Associate deputy director of the Forensic Services department in the Illinois Division of Mental Health.</p><p><strong>Join the conversation: Ask experts about mental illness in our <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/live-chat-ask-experts-about-childhood-mental-illness-93156">live chat</a>.</strong></p></p> Wed, 19 Oct 2011 04:46:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-10-18/out-shadows-factors-lead-mentally-ill-kids-juvenile-detention-93272 Reflecting on 30 years of life and death at Cook County Hospital http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-26/reflecting-30-years-life-and-death-cook-county-hospital-89648 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-26/3574251552_1d3c083019_o.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago Housing Authority residents may be familiar with Stroger Hospital, formerly known as Cook County Hospital. The public medical facility struggled with a lack of staff and sub-par facilities. But those very issues appealed to one young idealistic doctor named David Ansell. He chronicled his time at Cook County in the book <a href="http://countythebook.com/" target="_blank"><em>County: Life, Death and Politics at Chicago’s Public Hospital</em></a>. When he spoke with WBEZ’s Gabriel Spitzer earlier this spring, he began by detailing the hospital’s less than ideal conditions. Thursday, Ansell will be part of a discussion about health care and social justice. A voice familiar to WBEZ listeners will also be honored - <a href="http://www.uic.edu/sph/cade/horizon_hospice/conversation/young.htm" target="_blank">Dr. Quentin Young</a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 26 Jul 2011 14:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-26/reflecting-30-years-life-and-death-cook-county-hospital-89648 Front and Center: Grafton looks to waterways for future http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-24/front-and-center-grafton-looks-waterways-future-88311 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-June/2011-06-24/FC_Grafton.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Grafton, Illinois—a town approximately 300 miles outside of Chicago has a special name for the waterways that connect Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River: “Poop ditch.” That’s the censored version and it’s due to what Chicago sends down their way.</p><p>In Grafton, the Illinois River empties into the mighty Mississippi. The two major rivers have been huge players in changing the small town through the century. In the 19th century Grafton was a major commercial fishing and boatworks town with about ten thousand people. By now, the industry has dwindled and the population has dropped to under a thousand.</p><p>A major turning point in Grafton’s history was the major flood of 1993 which inundated homes and businesses, leaving the town in devastation.</p><p>Joe Baecht, a fourth generation Grafton resident recalls spending about twenty straight days on a johnboat, helping his neighbors rescue their possessions.</p><p>The flood also prompted the government to take over and demolish a stretch of homes in the flood plain, putting a dent in the city’s population. Floods and high water levels have plagued the town since 2008.</p><p>In fact last week, transportation routes were shut down for four days.</p><p>Life-long resident Tom Foster has worked on towboats for a long time. He blames the levees upstream. Foster said the constriction in the flow of the river has increased water levels downstream and Grafton does not have major levees. He thinks all the engineering of the river is a reason the area is vulnerable to flooding.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>But not all the post flooding aftermath has been negative. As Grafton rebounded, gentrification gave it a new character. Downtown is now very touristy offering a few wineries and upscale restaurants. Some of the locals said that on the whole, it was good for Grafton because everything from housing to fishing got better.</p><p>Catfish had been on the decline in the Mississippi.&nbsp; Then the Missouri River’s abundant catfish population flooded into the Mississippi, restocking happy fishermen. But those fishermen will soon be unhappy to learn that these latest floods are stocking the waterways with a new, unwanted population: Asian carp. A geological survey biologist, Duane Chapman, told the local paper that the carp may have been dispersed into lakes and streams that hadn’t seen them before.</p></p> Fri, 24 Jun 2011 16:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-24/front-and-center-grafton-looks-waterways-future-88311 The reversal of the Chicago River http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-20/reversal-chicago-river-88056 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-June/2011-06-20/Gabe Flickr Sarabeephoto.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>More than a century ago, Chicago used a combination of grit, muscle and money to turn around the Chicago River. That move forged an important connection between the Great Lake Michigan and the mighty Mississippi. But it also had some unintended consequences that are coming to a head only now.<br> <br> Beginning Monday, June 20, <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> will be exploring the front and back doors of the Great Lakes: the St. Lawrence Seaway and the Mississippi River as part of the new project <a href="http://www.wbez.org/frontandcenter" target="_blank"><em>Front and Center.</em></a> The series takes a look at water-the critical resource linking Chicago with 42 million other residents of the Great Lakes basin.<br> <br> To kick off the series, <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> spoke with WBEZ’s Gabriel Spitzer, who is navigating the Chicago River.</p></p> Mon, 20 Jun 2011 14:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-06-20/reversal-chicago-river-88056 How trauma changes young brains http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/Mario-edited.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Most of the young people in juvi come from a hard knock life and everyone knows that&rsquo;s a disadvantage. But now experts say going through trauma can alter a child&rsquo;s brain.<br /><br />Violence at home or on the street--neglect, poverty &ndash; these things have profound effects on how a kid&rsquo;s mind develops.</p><p>So as part of <a target="_blank" href="http://insideandout.chicagopublicradio.org/"><em>Inside and Out</em></a>, WBEZ&rsquo;s Gabriel Spitzer reported on this emerging brain science. The studies reveal why, for so many kids, the justice system hasn&rsquo;t worked.</p><p><br />&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 29 Dec 2010 07:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains A new defense against germs http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/new-defense-against-germs <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/hand sanitizer.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Illinois public health officials are reporting a relatively mild flu season so far. It may be too early to tell but flu shots and generous gobs of hand sanitizer seem to be keeping flu bugs at bay. But don&rsquo;t get complacent; that ever-present alcohol-based hand sanitizer is not perfect. <br />&nbsp;</p><p>For one thing, the second hands dry, they can start picking up new germs. Now, owners of a company in west-suburban St. Charles say they have an answer for that: A sanitizer that with just one application lasts all day. <br />&nbsp;</p><p>WBEZ science reporter <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/clever-apes" target="_blank">Gabriel Spitzer</a> spoke with Aaron Powers, president of <a href="http://www.prefense.com/" target="_blank">Prefense LLC</a>, to learn how the <a href="http://www.prefenzbotanicals.com" target="_blank">Prefenz Botanticals</a> hand sanitizer came about.<br />&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 07 Dec 2010 15:13:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/new-defense-against-germs Gabriel Spitzer, Space Reporter http://www.wbez.org/gspitzer/2008/10/gabriel-spitzer-space-reporter/634 <p><p class="MsoNormal"><a href="/sites/default/files/archives/blogs/2008/10/space-journalist.jpg"><img height="300" width="225" alt="Spitzer auditions for a Devo cover band." src="/sites/default/files/archives/blogs/2008/10/space-journalist.jpg" title="space-journalist" style="float: left; border: 1px solid black; margin: 7px;" class="alignleft alignnone size-medium wp-image-635" /></a>This week I got what we call in the biz a &quot;plum assignment.&quot; I joined a group of Chicago-area teachers aboard a jet designed to create weightless conditions. It does this by parabolic flight -- a steep climb followed by a controlled nosedive. The crest of each hill produces weightlessness &quot;&brvbar; the trough produces 1.8 Gs of pressure (meaning, you weigh almost twice as much as usual).</p> <p class="MsoNormal">The ostensible purpose of this trip is to promote science and math education in schools (and to drum up good PR for its corporate sponsor, the defense contractor Northop Grumman). Teachers brought aboard simple science experiments -- a basketball and hoop, stuffed animals suspended by rubber bands, etc. Most of these experiments were swiftly abandoned in favor of superman flight, backflips and manic giggling. Here's what it was like (complete with videos!).<!--break--></p> <p class="MsoNormal">Going into each parabola, the passengers start out lying flat on the floor of the &quot;floating lounge&quot; (an empty, padded stretch of fuselage). As the plane rounds out the bottom of the parabola, you get pressed against the floor. It becomes nearly impossible to lift an arm, and just turning your head risks neck strain. Then as the plane nears the crest, the flight attendant guy calls out: &quot;Pushing over, Zero 1!&quot;</p> <p class="MsoNormal">It feels like you go from wearing lead clothes to floating in a swimming pool. The world quickly becomes a blur of legs, cameras, flotsam, walls, butts, and so on. People bump into each other and go flying off in opposite directions. Everyone is giggling insanely. After about 20 seconds, I would generally find myself in a cluster of floating, flailing people. They tell you not to jump, because you'll just keep going until you slam into the wall or ceiling. Still, it's hard not to &quot;&brvbar; and swim and kick and thrash around.</p> <object height="267" width="400" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" classid="clsid:d27cdb6e-ae6d-11cf-96b8-444553540000"><param value="true" name="allowfullscreen" /><param value="always" name="allowscriptaccess" /><param value="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=2040215&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=0&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1" name="src" /><embed height="267" width="400" allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" src="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=2040215&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=0&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object> <p class="MsoNormal">Then the guy would yell, &quot;Legs down, coming up!&quot; This means gravity is returning: you are about to hit the floor, so better get your legs under you. It was nearly impossible to tell which direction was down, and I came darn close to landing on my face a few times. People often landed in a heap.</p> <p class="MsoNormal">Then you'd have to hurry up and get lying down, just in time to have gravity come crushing back on you. This was the tough part -- going from weightless to sumo wrestler within a half-minute. We did this over and over. Now, I have a strong stomach, but by the end I was queasy as hell. I went so far as to break out the sick bag, but&sbquo;&nbsp;I managed to hold on to my breakfast.<object height="267" width="400" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" classid="clsid:d27cdb6e-ae6d-11cf-96b8-444553540000"><param value="true" name="allowfullscreen" /><param value="always" name="allowscriptaccess" /><param value="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=2040278&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=0&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1" name="src" /><embed height="267" width="400" allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" src="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=2040278&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=0&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></p><p class="MsoNormal">I'm told they used this sort of plane to film some scenes in &quot;Apollo 13,&quot; and that they nicknamed the plane &quot;The Vomit Comet.&quot; Luckily, I did not have to learn what weightless vomit looks, feels and smells like -- though I'm sure it would have been fascinating.</p></p> Wed, 22 Oct 2008 19:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/gspitzer/2008/10/gabriel-spitzer-space-reporter/634