WBEZ | MLK http://www.wbez.org/tags/mlk Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Studs Terkel's 1963 Train Ride to Washington http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/studs-terkels-1963-train-ride-washington-111414 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/mlk.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Among the hundreds of thousands who joined Martin Luther King, Jr. for the 1963 March on Washington D.C for civil rights were some 800 Chicagoans who traveled there overnight by train. Chicago legend Studs Terkel went with them. He brought his tape recorder and chronicled the whole journey. The voices and thoughts of his fellow travelers bring us all a little closer to that historic experience. The trip culminated with King&#39;s now-famous &quot;I Have a Dream&quot; speech.</p><p><em>Find more audio from Studs Terkel&#39;s archives at WFMT&#39;s <a href="http://studsterkel.org" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">studsterkel.org</a></em></p></p> Fri, 16 Jan 2015 12:39:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/studs-terkels-1963-train-ride-washington-111414 Long lost civil rights speech helped inspire King’s dream http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/long-lost-civil-rights-speech-helped-inspire-king%E2%80%99s-dream-108546 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Carey%20Quinn%20Chapel%20pic.jpg" title="A view from the pulpit at the 120-year old Quinn Chapel AME on South Wabash Avenue. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. often visited the church to see pastor Archibald Carey, Jr. (WBEZ/Derek John)" />A few decades ago, on a steamy, summer day a black preacher spoke before an enormous crowd about a nation free from racial strife. &quot;We, Negro-Americans, sing with all loyal Americans: My country, &lsquo;tis of thee, sweet land of liberty; of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrims&rsquo; pride. From every mountainside, let freedom ring!&quot;<br /><br />&quot;That&rsquo;s exactly what we mean,&quot; continued the preacher as he built to a dramatic climax. &quot;From every mountainside, let freedom ring. Not only from the Green Mountains and the White Mountains of Vermont and New Hampshire; not only from the Catskills of New York; but from the Ozarks in Arkansas, from the Stone Mountain in Georgia, from the Great Smokies of Tennessee and from the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia &mdash; let it ring.&quot;<br />&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Carey%20head%20shot%20%282%29.jpg" style="height: 450px; width: 300px; float: left;" title="Archibald J. Carey Jr. circa 1960. (courtesy of the Chicago History Museum)" />Pastor Archibald Carey, Jr. spoke these words in 1952 at the Republican National Convention in Chicago more than a decade before Martin Luther King, Jr.&rsquo;s appropriated them for his &#39;I Have a Dream&#39; speech. As we mark the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington, it&#39;s fascinating to finally hear how much the earlier speech to a raucous GOP convention helped inspire Dr. King.</p><p>Carey died in 1981 and for many years, his speech was thought to be lost to history &mdash; its mere existence known only to a handful of scholars. But WBEZ recently discovered the landmark 1952 civil rights speech on a 16 rpm, 7-inch <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray_Audograph">Gray Audograph</a> disc at the Eisenhower Presidential Library in Abilene, Kan.</p><p>Now for the first time in 60 years, we can listen again to Carey&rsquo;s original speech &mdash; bold and brave for its time&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;&nbsp;including the famous crescendo at the end that directly inspired Dr. King.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F107629862&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><strong>Here&#39;s the beginning of King&#39;s final passage in his &#39;I Have a Dream&#39; speech:</strong></p><p><em>&quot;This will be the day when all of God&#39;s children will be able to sing with a new meaning, &#39;My country, &#39;tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim&#39;s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring.&#39; And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from the curvaceous peaks of California! But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let freedom ring from every hill and every molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.&quot;</em></p><p><strong>Compare that to the earlier 1952 GOP convention speech by Archibald Carey:</strong></p><p><em>&quot;We, Negro Americans, sing with all loyal Americans: My country &#39;tis of thee, Sweet land of liberty, Of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, Land of the Pilgrims&#39; pride From every mountainside Let freedom ring!</em>&nbsp;<em>That&#39;s exactly what we mean&nbsp;</em><em>&ndash;&nbsp;</em><em>from every mountainside, let freedom ring. Not only from the Green Mountains and White Mountains of Vermont and New Hampshire; not only from the Catskills of New York; but from the Ozarks in Arkansas, from the Stone Mountain in Georgia, from the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. Let it ring not only for the minorities of the United States, but for the disinherited of all the earth! May the Republican Party, under God, from every mountainside, LET FREEDOM RING!&quot;</em></p><p dir="ltr"><strong>Why the 1952 Republican national convention?</strong></p><p dir="ltr">Carey was one of the few GOP office holders in Chicago, black or white, when the 1952 convention came to town and he was already known for his public speaking. While it may seem odd in hindsight that Carey gave the speech at a GOP convention, Vanderbilt University historian and Carey biographer <a href="http://as.vanderbilt.edu/history/bio/dennis-dickerson" target="_blank">Dennis C. Dickerson</a>&nbsp;reminds us that the times were very different then.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;When push came to shove it was usually GOP votes that could be counted on for black civil rights,&rdquo; he says. &ldquo;Carey knew that and was trying to help the party re-brand itself as the party of Lincoln.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr">Dickerson continued, &quot;When he uses that poetry and prose he&rsquo;s speaking to more than just the GOP party. He&rsquo;s speaking to the nation at large that queries &#39;what do these black people want?&rsquo;&quot;&nbsp;</p><p dir="ltr">Carey&#39;s speech was widely commended and he received hundreds of telegrams from all over the country, including some promoting him to be Dwight D. Eisenhower&#39;s running mate. After the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket was elected Carey was appointed to several administration posts and became a delegate to the United Nations. When Barry Goldwater became the party&#39;s nominee in 1964, however, Carey made the decision to switch over to the Democrats.&nbsp;</p><p dir="ltr"><strong>How did Carey&rsquo;s words end up in MLK Jr&rsquo;s &lsquo;I Have a Dream&rsquo; speech?</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Archibald%20Carey_130828_DJ.JPG" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; float: left;" title="A photograph of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr at the house of Chicago preacher Archibald Carey, Jr., on the left. According to Carey's niece the two developed a close relationship. (WBEZ/Derek John)" /></p><p dir="ltr">Although Carey delivered his address a full three years before the Montgomery bus boycott, it was only a matter of time before he and Dr. King crossed paths. Eventually the Georgia preacher found his way to Carey&rsquo;s church in Chicago.</p><p dir="ltr">The historic <a href="http://quinnchicago.org/" target="_blank">Quinn Chapel AME</a> still stands on South Wabash Avenue today and on a recent Sunday morning, some longtime members recalled Dr. King&rsquo;s visits fondly.</p><p dir="ltr">I remember two occasions that he was at Quinn Chapel,&rdquo; says Carolyn Dodd. &ldquo;I think the first one it was such a crowd here I was sitting in the balcony and I don&rsquo;t think I had to sit in the balcony but once or twice since that time.&rdquo; Ruth Dunham remembers when Dr. King came to Chicago to fight for open housing on the West Side. &ldquo;Rev. Carey was with him then,&rdquo; she recalled. &ldquo;They marched together, and you got a feeling they were very close, very close.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr">Close enough to share their speeches? Dennis C. Dickerson says we&rsquo;ll probably never know.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;We don&rsquo;t have a letter saying &#39;Dear Martin, here&rsquo;s my speech. Good luck using it in your speech.&#39; But clearly we know they interacted many times and corresponded many times,&rdquo; he said.</p><p dir="ltr">This isn&rsquo;t the first time questions have been raised about Dr. King&rsquo;s source material (the most <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/11/us/boston-u-panel-finds-plagiarism-by-dr-king.html" target="_blank">glaring example</a> being his early doctoral dissertation). But Dickerson says in this case you have to understand the black church&rsquo;s oral traditions.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;Let me put it like this. if one of my students did it [plagiarize], we&rsquo;d have a real problem,&rdquo; Dickerson said. &ldquo;But it is the custom among black clergy to hear a great sermon or a great speech and just say to the author I&rsquo;m using that. &ldquo;</p><p dir="ltr"><img 1952.="" a="" along="" alt="" and="" at="" back="" both="" cabinet="" carey="" class="image-original_image" comes="" convention="" derek="" did="" dir="ltr" does="" dorothy="" dr.="" drew="" e.="" else="" experiment="" experiment..and="" file="" first="" from="" got="" her="" history="" if="" in="" it="" king="" look="" m="" niece="" of="" on="" p="" patton="" remembers="" rhetorical="" runs="" s="" same="" says="" scientist="" scripture="" she="" simply="" somebody="" sort="" speech="" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Carey%20niece%20pic.jpg" still="" style="height: 206px; width: 300px; float: right;" television="" the="" then="" there="" title="Dorothy E. Patton, Archibald Carey’s niece, is the only surviving family member who remembers her uncle’s speech. A retired scientist, she compares King's use of her uncle's oratory to the way researchers build on each other's experiments. (WBEZ/Derek John)" uncle="" watching="" wbez="" well="" with="" you="" /></p><p dir="ltr">Dorothy E. Patton, Carey&rsquo;s niece, still remembers watching her uncle&rsquo;s convention speech on television in 1952. Patton says both Carey and Dr. King drew from the same rhetorical well of scripture and history &mdash; her uncle simply got there first.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;I&rsquo;m a scientist and if you look at the history of science,&rdquo; Patton says, &ldquo;somebody did the first experiment and it sort of got in the back of the file cabinet somewhere, and then somebody else comes along and runs with it.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr">It&rsquo;s a nice thought: the elder Carey passing the baton to the younger King who carried it across the finish line in 1963. And why not? Dickerson, in his <a href="http://www.amazon.com/African-American-Preachers-Politics-Alexander/dp/1604734272" target="_blank">biography</a>, includes a letter from Carey with the following words.</p><p>&ldquo;When I need help,&rdquo; Carey wrote, &ldquo;I can count on Martin Luther King, and when he needs help he can count on me.&rdquo;</p><p><em>Special thanks to archivist Kathy Struss at the Eisenhower Presidential Library and WBEZ engineer Adam Yoffe.</em></p><p><em>Derek L. John is WBEZ&rsquo;s Community Bureaus Editor. Follow him at <a href="http://twitter.com/derekljohn" target="_blank">@DerekLJohn</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 28 Aug 2013 07:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/long-lost-civil-rights-speech-helped-inspire-king%E2%80%99s-dream-108546 Local congregations use Martin Luther King, Jr. to spark interfaith dialogue about race http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-16/local-congregations-use-martin-luther-king-jr-spark-interfaith-dialogue- <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-16/Beth Emet The free.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Two Evanston congregations used Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday as a catalyst to spark an interfaith dailogue about the late civil rights leader, and to discuss the current state of race relations. Senior Rabbi Andrea London of <a href="http://www.bethemet.org/" target="_blank">Beth Emet The Free Synagogue</a> and Reverend Mark A. Dennis of <a href="http://secondbaptistevanston.org/" target="_blank">Second Baptist Church</a> led their congregations Friday, Jan. 13, in service and discussion. They also played excerpts from a 1958 speech that Dr. King delivered at the Synagogue. Beth Emet The Free Synagogue discovered the speech and reached out to Second Baptist Church to create the interfaith series in commemoration of Dr. King.<br> <br> Rabbi London and Rev. Dennis joined Tony Sarabia to talk more about what they heard from participants during the Friday discussion, and how the religious leaders experience Dr. King's impact today.</p><p><br> <br> <strong>Listen to excerpts from the 1958 speech:</strong><br> <audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483854-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/Beth Emet 1.mp3">&nbsp;</audio><br> <br> <audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483854-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/Beth Emet 2.mp3">&nbsp;</audio><br> &nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jan 2012 20:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-16/local-congregations-use-martin-luther-king-jr-spark-interfaith-dialogue- Writer reflects on father's role in fight for civil rights in Chicago http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-16/writer-reflects-fathers-role-fight-civil-rights-chicago-95575 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-16/RS592_AP650726014-MLKedited.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Writer Ellen Blum Barish shares the story of how Martin Luther King, Jr. inspired her father to join the civil rights movement.<br> <br> In 1958, 29-year-old Martin Luther King, Jr was a guest speaker at Beth Emet synagogue in Evanston. Admission was $1.75. The sign said King was considered “one of the outstanding Negro leaders in the country.”<br> <br> Five years later, in 1963, King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech at the March on Washington, rhetoric that set the tone for the civil rights movement and ultimately earned him a Nobel Peace Prize.<br> <br> <em>(Dr. King:… A hundred years after the Emancipation Proclamation and the Negro is still not free...)<br> </em><br> That same year, my parents moved to Glencoe. In nearby Deerfield, town leaders were threatening to keep an integrated apartment building from being built by turning the area into a park. Eminent domain, they said. My father, a white, Jewish businessman, had been moved by King’s mission to end racial segregation and discrimination. So he went to the rally in that park to protest and brought me along. I was almost four.<br> <br> What happened there has stayed with me since: I can still see the huge crowd forming a large circle. I can still feel my father’s hand in mine and see the smile from a tall, black man as he took my other hand. And I will always hear that chorus of men’s, women’s and children’s voices singing “We shall overcome, we shall overcome, we shall overcome, someday…” CAN WE GET SOUND FOR THIS?<br> <br> <em>(Dr. King: …We need to lift our nation from the quicksand of racial injustice…)<br> </em><br> Later that year, my dad, who at 29 had become active in the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was arrested at a demonstration at the Chicago Board of Education office. CORE was demanding the resignation of the superintendent who was authorizing the building of new schools in white neighborhoods but not black ones. My father and 36 others were arrested and jailed at this nonviolent sit-in. A photograph of my father being dragged off by police made the cover of the Chicago Daily News.<br> <br> Race relations in the 1960s was less about talk and more about demonstrations…. rallies … sit-ins … jail time or violence. The worst of course was in 1968, when Martin Luther King was shot on the second floor balcony of a Memphis motel.<br> <br> A few years ago, a recording of King’s synagogue speech was found in a congregant’s basement. Beth Emet’s Rabbi Andrea London asked Second Baptist Pastor Mark Dennis to co-host a Friday evening sabbath service on Martin Luther King’s birthday. Evanston Jews and Baptists prayed and sang together. Portions of King’s 1958 speech were played, followed by dinner and a table discussion between the congregations about the challenges and next steps for race relations in the community.<br> <br> Today, Martin Luther King would have turned 83 years old.<br> Would he be disappointed that we are still talking about race relations in 2012? Or would he be pleased at how different it looks?<br> <strong> </strong><br> (Dr. King: “<em>I have a dream that the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will sit down at the table of brotherhood. I have a dream.”...)<br> </em><br> I have no way of knowing if the sons and daughters of former slaves and slave owners were in that room last Friday evening, but I do know that some fifty years after King first spoke about racial equality in this same community, his dream for blacks and whites to sit down at the table of brotherhood became a reality.</p></p> Mon, 16 Jan 2012 20:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-16/writer-reflects-fathers-role-fight-civil-rights-chicago-95575