WBEZ | ethics http://www.wbez.org/tags/ethics Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Chicago Matters (1999): Doing the Right Thing in Health Care's Brave New World http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-matters-1999-doing-right-thing-health-cares-brave-new-world-113885 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/3093950d-c565-40f2-9821-67b56e27ae98.jpg" alt="" /><p><blockquote><div><em>&ldquo;What is a life worth living? When is it time to die?</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>As modern medicine&#39;s tools grow more powerful, these questions are asked each day, in every hospital in the country. This program will profile the people who answer them: clinical medical ethicists.&rdquo;</em></div></blockquote><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In 1999, Alex Blumberg was a fledgling radio producer who was hired by WBEZ to produce his first half-hour audio documentary.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Blumberg later became a producer at <em>This American Life</em> and co-founder of NPR&rsquo;s <em>Planet Money</em> podcast. In recent years he co-founded<a href="https://gimletmedia.com/" target="_blank"> Gimlet Media</a>, a for-profit podcast company that&rsquo;s innovating around the creation of narrative storytelling podcasts.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But back in 1999 when he was hired to produce the half-hour documentary, &ldquo;Doing the Right Thing in Health Care&#39;s Brave New World,&rdquo; he had very little experience.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This was my third career,&rdquo; Blumberg says. &ldquo;I was 31 or 32-years-old but I was just a beginner. I worked at <em>This American Life </em>as the intern/administrative assistant for six months, and then I quit to freelance.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He was hired for the project by Johanna Zorn, then-Executive Producer of <em>Chicago Matters</em>, a WBEZ collaboration with WTTW Channel 11, the Chicago Public Library and <em>The Chicago Reporter</em>, funded by the Chicago Community Trust. Zorn went on to co-found the <a href="http://thirdcoastfestival.org/" target="_blank">Third Coast Audio Festival</a>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>She says digital editing was just coming into vogue and Blumberg had cut down some interviews for the Poetry Foundation that she liked. &ldquo;He seemed like such a natural,&rdquo; she says.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Each year the <em>Chicago Matters</em> series focused on a different topic. In 1999, the series was called Examining Health.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Blumberg had heard from some medical residents that end-of-life decisions were becoming so common that hospitals were having to employ medical ethicists.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Blumberg says, &ldquo;I had this vision of families and doctors being like: &lsquo;We don&rsquo;t know what to do. Call the ethicists!&rsquo; But it wasn&rsquo;t like that. There wasn&rsquo;t the ethicists lounge with a big red light going, &lsquo;Somebody needs an ethical decision made!&rsquo;&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;What intrigued me about it was that here was this modern field of medicine calling on this ancient field of philosophy to solve this problem that modern medicine had created. And then it&rsquo;s happening at one of the most intense moments you can imagine.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Blumberg says he got good tape but his original draft was a mess. His editor - Julia McEvoy - made him go back in the writing and identify key turning points in the story. &ldquo;&lsquo;Help us pay attention to this point.&rsquo; I remember her suggesting that. It was a narrative you could follow then.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Zorn, the editor who hired Blumberg, says she&rsquo;s in awe of everything he has gone on to do. &ldquo;He&rsquo;s been such an innovator. It&rsquo;s more than enough to be a fabulous storyteller, but to reinvent radio with a for-profit model is just incredible.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Blumberg says the documentary was an important learning experience for him. &ldquo;I haven&rsquo;t heard it in forever. I would be curious to hear what it sounds like. I was very proud of it at the time.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Tell us what you think in the comments.</div></p> Mon, 23 Nov 2015 09:23:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-matters-1999-doing-right-thing-health-cares-brave-new-world-113885 US Congressman Aaron Schock resigns http://www.wbez.org/news/us-congressman-aaron-schock-resigns-111711 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Aaron Schock_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><em>Updated May 18, 9:28 a.m.</em></p><p>WASHINGTON &mdash; Illinois Rep. Aaron Schock&#39;s fall was fast and hard even by Washington&#39;s unforgiving standards.</p><p>In his fourth term in Congress at a mere age 33, Schock was the rare media-savvy GOP millennial on Capitol Hill, attracting fans by the thousand on Instagram, posing bare-chested on the cover of Men&#39;s Health magazine, and leveraging his national profile to become a prodigious fundraiser for fellow Republicans.</p><p>Energetic and ambitious, Schock made it into the lower rungs of House leadership last summer as a senior deputy whip, and aspired to more.</p><p>But along the way Schock accepted rides on donors&#39; private planes without properly reporting the expenses, made improbably lucrative real estate deals with political supporters, and even spent $40,000 in taxpayer money to decorate his office in the style of PBS&#39; &quot;Downton Abbey&quot; &mdash; money he paid back after the expenditures came under question.</p><p>On Tuesday, with no warning to House leaders and only weeks since the drumbeat of bad news began in earnest, Schock abruptly announced that he would resign his seat in Congress effective March 31, leaving political life as dramatically as he&#39;d entered it as a 19-year-old write-in candidate for the Peoria School Board.</p><p>&quot;I do this with a heavy heart,&quot; Schock said in a statement. He said he had given his constituents his all, &quot;but the constant questions over the last six weeks have proven a great distraction that has made it too difficult for me to serve the people of the 18th District with the high standards that they deserve and which I have set for myself.&quot;</p><p>Schock&#39;s announcement came a day after news broke that the Office of Congressional Ethics had begun contacting the congressman&#39;s associates in an apparent investigation. His departure would leave congressional investigators without jurisdiction but would not necessarily end the legal cloud over him, as the Office of Congressional Ethics could refer its findings to the Justice Department or to the Federal Election Commission.</p><p>Back home in Peoria, the news was a bitter letdown for supporters who&#39;d seen Schock as a different kind of politician in a state with a sordid history of political corruption.</p><p>&quot;He was that breath of fresh air that we all hoped for,&quot; said Beth Magenheimer, a Peoria mother of four. &quot;We have been really proud of him. So this has been a little hard to take.&quot;</p><p>A special election will be held within 120 days of the vacancy. GOP state Sen. Darin LaHood, considered a front-runner to replace Schock in the heavily Republican district, announced his candidacy Wednesday in Peoria. LaHood is the son of Ray LaHood, who served in Congress and later as President Barack Obama&#39;s transportation secretary. State Sen. Jason Barickman said he is considering running while state Sen. Bill Brady decided against pursuing the seat.</p><p>For Schock, a cascade of negative stories followed The Washington Post&#39;s report in February on the &quot;Downton Abbey&quot; redecoration &mdash; a revelation that he&#39;d dismissed by remarking to ABC News, &quot;Haters are gonna hate.&quot;</p><p>An AP examination of Schock&#39;s frequent flights around his central Illinois district found that he spent more than $40,000 from his House expenses for travel on planes owned by a group of donors. A separate AP story detailed how Schock has relied on several political donors for almost all of the Peoria-based real estate deals that have provided much of his personal wealth, estimated at about $1.4 million in 2013.</p><p>Even so, until last week, Schock thought he could weather the controversy and had turned to a team of communications strategists and lawyers to head off any more embarrassments.</p><p>But then the Chicago Sun-Times and Politico began questioning discrepancies between mileage reimbursements that Schock was paid and the number of miles on his SUV when he sold it. The gap suggested Schock was billing taxpayers and his campaign for miles that were never driven.</p><p>Schock and his advisers realized they had a situation that could not be called an error or misunderstanding, according to a Schock adviser who demanded anonymity to discuss internal deliberations. It proved to be the deciding factor pushing Schock to leave Congress. On Tuesday a spokesman said Schock had repaid all mileage expenses incurred since he joined Congress, &quot;out of an abundance of caution.&quot;</p><p><em>Associated Press writers Jack Gillum, Matthew Daly, Philip Elliott, Alan Fram and Donna Cassata in Washington and Kerry Lester in Springfield, Illinois, contributed to this report.</em></p></p> Tue, 17 Mar 2015 13:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/us-congressman-aaron-schock-resigns-111711 What happens when a Chicago mom tries to become a deer hunter? http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/what-happens-when-chicago-mom-tries-become-deer-hunter-111390 <p><p><em>Some of the images in the slideshow above depict graphic scenes from deer hunting.</em></p><p>After years of handwringing over the ethics of meat, I decided that this year I needed to kill my own &mdash; or maybe stop eating it.</p><p>My evolution started a decade ago with meat I bought from local farmers who raised the animals outside. Before long I tried to <a href="http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2008-09-21/features/0809160163_1_organic-meat-sales-pig-factory"><u>attend the slaughter of every kind of meat I ate</u></a> for a summer. I moved on to<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D45zEpIzxiM"> <u>learning how to butcher</u></a> animals myself. And finally I thought I was ready to kill my own dinner. &nbsp;</p><p>It was <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/columnists/chi-110226-hunt-novices-pictures-photogallery.html"><u>part of a project that I did</u></a> with my then-colleague Barbara Brotman when I was a reporter at the <em>Chicago Tribune</em>.</p><p>We wanted to see if you could take two urban moms and turn them into hunters.</p><p>We worked under hunting mentors including Department of Natural Resources instructors Bill Boggio and Ralph Schultz, who told us &ldquo;If you can learn to walk like a squirrel, you can sneak up on anything in the woods.&rdquo;</p><p>But after freezing through several weekends in deer stands and deer blinds on the Illinois-Iowa border in 2010, we came away with nothing. A minor gun accident convinced our editors that it was probably time to stop. So that was the end of it.</p><p>Or so I thought.</p><p>As I&rsquo;ve continued to report on food ethics over the years the fact that I never faced the true cost of meat &mdash; never killed my meal myself &mdash; has gnawed at my conscience. &nbsp;</p><p>So much so, that this year I decided I had to hunt again. &nbsp;</p><p>I knew it would be a long shot. I&rsquo;d have to get licenses, guns, land, special equipment, time off from work and kids, and mentors to guide me. But somehow I managed to do it.</p><p>I revisited hunter safety. Brushed back up on deer anatomy. And relearned how to shoot a gun.</p><p>My new mentor was Kankakee county horsewoman and hairdresser Amy Strahan. She scouted a spot with me and even convinced her dad, Bill, to help us put together a tree stand.</p><p>Next I headed to the Farm and Fleet boys department for more than $200 in head to toe camo gear. Amy kept my hunting clothes in one of her horse stalls for weeks to soak up animal smells.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/HUNTER%20AMY.jpg" title="Amy Strahan agreed to become Monica Eng’s hunting partner for this year’s season in Kankakee County. She sits here in the woods just minutes before a four-point buck approached the two of them. (WBEZ/MONICA ENG)" /></div><p>Then in late November, I slipped on those clothes before dawn and jumped into Amy&rsquo;s truck. After a short drive, we crossed a craggy frozen field, climbed into our stand and sat in the darkness with the faint whine of the interstate in the distance. The warmth generated by our hike faded as the frosty predawn temperatures crept under my five layers of clothing. I started to remember that, the last time I tried the biggest challenge was just warding off frost bite. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>But I also remembered that hunting gives you a front row seat to the spectacle of mother nature turning up the house lights on the world. I sat on the east side of the tree stand and welcomed the tiny warm of the rising sun on my face. &nbsp;</p><p>Three frigid deerless hours later, &nbsp;I was thrilled to hear Amy announce that she had to get to work and we called it a day. I spent the rest of the day just thawing out and vowing to bring hand and footwarmers next time.</p><p>But by 5 a.m. the next morning I was dressed and trudging through a now-slippery rainsoaked field cradling a 12 gauge shotgun. Let&rsquo;s just say this is not my typical day as an urban food writer. And still no deer. The whole thing was startng to feel futile and a little absurd.</p><p>As we climbed out of our stand for the second morning, I asked Amy what she thought.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a little discouraging,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I&rsquo;ve usually seen something by now. But we&rsquo;ll just keep trying.&rdquo;</p><p>On the advice of farmer Roger Marcott, who was letting us use his land, we checked out another spot in a treeline across the road.</p><p>This time we had bellies full of big country diner breakfasts and a bottle of doe urine that we dabbed on cottonballs and placed in the trees.</p><p>Before we even loaded our guns, a buck appeared 40 yards away, snorted and dashed off. A doe frolicked in the distance but she was too far to shoot. My mentors always stressed that one of the worst things you can do is maim an animal with a bad shot. Waiting for a clean kill is essential.</p><p>So we settled down on a log tuning into every little crackle in woods. And then just as I was about to nod off, I heard a rustling in the tall dry weeds. A four-point buck was walking right toward us. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>My heart thudded in my chest as the deer browsed the greenery and kept advancing. He was now 15 yards away but facing us. Side shots are always a lot cleaner, but he wouldn&rsquo;t turn. Finally, he raised his head and turned his body to leave.</p><p>Amy had taken four deer in the last five years, but I&rsquo;d never shot anything.&nbsp;</p><p>She held her 20 gauge shotgun steady with her scope focused on the target and assumed I was doing the same.</p><p>But I&rsquo;d chickened out. All I had in hand was my recording equipment.</p><p>Finally, when the deer turned to leave, she took a shot. The deer leapt in the air and dashed away. I assumed she missed or just nicked him. But we followed after him anyway.</p><p>The trail of blood grew thicker as we followed it into another nearby wooded area where just 40 yards away he lay motionless, eyes wide open, tongue flopped to one side and a scarlet hole in his chest.</p><p>I was stunned that it could be over that quickly. Amy was stunned that I never lifted my gun.</p><p>&ldquo;I had no idea you were just recording,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I was waiting patiently, waiting patiently, and then when he turned to leave, I took a shot.&rdquo;</p><p>Amy is a Kankakee mom, hairdresser and horsewoman who agreed to take me hunting this season. It was part of a decade long personal and professional project to&nbsp; understand the true cost of my meat.&nbsp;</p><p>She thought today I&rsquo;d shoot my first deer, but it wasn&rsquo;t to be. She said my face had gone ashen. But we needed to move quickly, to remove his internal organs and cool him down or the meat would start to rot.&nbsp; Neither of us had ever done this.&nbsp;</p><p>So we heaved the 170 pound buck out of the forest and called, Roger Marcotte, the farmer who was letting us use his land.</p><p>While we were waiting, I asked Amy how she felt.</p><p>&ldquo;I don&rsquo;t know,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;I think I would have been just as happy to let that buck walk on by.&rdquo;</p><p>Even though we both eat meat, the immediacy of the experience was filling us both with some remorse. She confessed that after she shot her first, &ldquo;I didn&rsquo;t think I would ever be able to do it again.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>Roger arrived in his tractor and we loaded the buck and ourselves into the tractor&rsquo;s bucket, the part usually used to shovel grain or dirt. As we rode across the craggy field, the buck lay at our feet like a sleeping pet. I took some video and thought about how unlike a normal day at the office this had been. But it was about to get even stranger.</p><p>Amy&rsquo;s friend Luke Chappel was waiting for us with his field dressing equipment at the edge of the field.</p><p>&ldquo;Did you bring some [rubber] gloves?&rdquo; Amy asked.<br />&ldquo;No,&rdquo; Luke replied. &ldquo;I just go in raw.&rdquo;<br />&ldquo;Awwww,&rdquo; Amy responded.&rdquo;Really?&rdquo;</p><p>Luke explained the first cut is around the anus cavity to prevent any feces from spoiling the meat. Next we had to gently slice through the skin and fur on the buck&rsquo;s belly to expose and carefully remove his organs.</p><p>Luke&rsquo;s taken dozens of deer as a hunter. I asked if it ever made him sad.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;If you don&rsquo;t have some remorse, there&rsquo;s something wrong with you,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;You gotta have some remorse. You&rsquo;re taking a life. But this is going to feed your kids. You&rsquo;re not wasting it. You&rsquo;re not just leaving it there and killing things for fun.&rdquo;</p><p>We left the colorful jewel-like pile of organs in the field for the coyotes to eat and brought the carcass across the road to Faith&rsquo;s Farm. Farmer Kim Snyder raises livestock outdoors and she was letting me stay at her house.</p><p>After we hosed off the carcass and cooled it down, we hung it in a barn to dry age several days.</p><p>Amy had to return to her kids but Luke said he&rsquo;d take me out the next morning--the last legal day of the month. I was still feeling pretty shaken by the day&rsquo;s events, but agreed to go.</p><p>After a third restless night of sleep and more dreams about deer, I rose at 4:45 a.m. and was out in the field by 5. Luke and I settled down behind the same log where Amy and I had hunted but saw nothing. We called it a day.</p><p>For the next two weeks, I mulled over the experience, haunted by my failure to pull the trigger. My license granted me one last weekend of hunting in early December. And I went to bed thinking about it every night, but finally decided I was done. My boss, however, thought differently. I ran into him on the Friday of the last hunting window of the season. He said I needed to follow it through.</p><p>So I returned to Roger&rsquo;s land to meet Amy on Sunday, the last day of the season. She was delayed so I struck out on my own. Roger was just a phone call away if I needed help, but the help I needed was a compass. I got lost looking for our old spot and wandered way off course. I&rsquo;m sure I angered and amused several hunters who watched me in their binoculars spook the deer on their land.&nbsp;</p><p>Eventually, I was picked up for trespassing by the landowner. Her name was Vanna. She grows pumpkins and sews American Girl Doll clothing in the off season. I apologized and got a ride back to Faith&rsquo;s Farm.</p><p>There I checked my phone and found a new text from Amy. It said:</p><p>&ldquo;I feel so bad. I&rsquo;m so sorry. I am trying to rally some troops in case you get one. If you have a shot, take it. But I will warn you, the remorse is hardest the first time. But you feel it every time.&rdquo;</p><p>With this warning echoing in my head, I ventured back out into the field--this time to the nearby tree stand. At least I knew how to get there. And I load my gun.</p><p>It was a cold, windy December afternoon and worse in the treestand. But it was also supremely peaceful up there. As a mom whose life is organized by deadlines, I can count on one hand the number of times I&rsquo;ve felt totally justified doing nothing but tuning in to nature for hours.&nbsp;</p><p>Still, as the sun began to fall, it became increasingly clear that today the deer would win and I would lose. They&rsquo;d chosen to make themselves scarce. But I wasn&rsquo;t altogether ungrateful. I honestly don&rsquo;t know if I was ready.</p><p>Farmer Kim Snyder, who was housing me during my trip, told me as much. She blamed it on my city upbringing that didn&rsquo;t prepare me for the realities of animal life and death when it comes to food. She had a point.</p><p>When and if I do go back out next year, I want to feel more confident. I want to leave behind this nagging sense of fear and doubt.</p><p>To do this, hunting expert and author Hank Shaw told me that I needed to get to the range and sharpen my shooting skills in the off season. He said I&rsquo;ll still feel sad after a kill but the least I can do is &ldquo;give any animal I shoot a death that I would be proud to have.&rdquo;</p><p>For that, I&rsquo;ll need practice and maybe even my own a gun. This was never part of the original plan.<br /><br />I still don&rsquo;t know what the future holds. But deer hunting season doesn&rsquo;t start up again&nbsp; in Kankakee County for another 11 months. So I&rsquo;ve got a little time to figure it out.</p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-51e5f9a0-e4d5-f7cb-20cc-67497667a133">Monica Eng is a WBEZ producer and co-host of the Chewing The Fat podcast. Follow her at</span><a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng"> @monicaeng</a> or write to her at meng@wbez.org</em></p></p> Tue, 13 Jan 2015 13:30:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/what-happens-when-chicago-mom-tries-become-deer-hunter-111390 FBI agents say indicted state rep took them to get bribe cash http://www.wbez.org/news/fbi-agents-say-indicted-state-rep-took-them-get-bribe-cash-110027 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/derricksmith.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Federal prosecutors say indicted Illinois State Rep. Derrick Smith took FBI agents to his house and turned over cash he had allegedly taken as a bribe. But Smith&rsquo;s attorneys are trying to make sure that information does not come up at his pending trial.</p><p>Smith was arrested more than two years ago and charged with taking $7,000 in exchange for writing a letter of support for a daycare operator applying for a grant.</p><p>In a new court filing, federal prosecutors say Smith repeatedly told FBI agents after he was read his Miranda rights that he &ldquo;f***ed up&rdquo; -- and never should&rsquo;ve written the letter or taken the $7,000.</p><p>&ldquo;Smith stated that it was all about getting money to put money back out on the streets in the hands of his campaign workers,&rdquo; FBI agents Bryan Butler and Timothy Keese wrote in the report, made public Monday, that is a government exhibit in his court case.</p><p>The agents wrote that Smith even took FBI agents to his house and turned over the remaining $2,500 from the alleged $7,000 bribe. Smith, before he was arrested, had already given some money to the campaign worker who had secretly recorded him, as pay for the assistant&rsquo;s work, and to another individual not identified by FBI agents in their report.</p><p>Smith&rsquo;s defense attorneys say the comments he made to the FBI following his arrest should not be allowed at trial because Smith thought they were part of his plea negotiations.</p><p>Prosecutors say Smith made those comments before an attorney entered the room. And even then, they say, the federal prosecutor did not negotiate a plea deal with him.</p><p>Smith was appointed to the Illinois House in 2011. The agents write Smith was &ldquo;going crazy&rdquo; about a primary challenger he faced in the March 2012 election. They say Smith told them he did not want to lose the election, but needed money to pay campaign workers so they would stay loyal to his campaign.</p><p>Smith, who represents parts of Chicago&rsquo;s West and North sides, defeated Tom Swiss in the 2012 Democratic primary. Other Democrats had encouraged primary voters to support Smith despite his arrest, claiming that Swiss was a Republican running as a Democrat.</p><p>After Smith won the primary, Illinois House members voted to expel him from the chamber -- in an act that had not been done in 100 years. But Smith had already won the primary, remained on the ballot and won election back to the state House that November.</p><p>Smith, however, will not be returning to Springfield next year. He lost his bid for another term in office to attorney Pamela Reaves-Harris in the Democratic primary last month.</p><p><em>Tony Arnold covers Illinois politics for WBEZ. Follow him <a href="https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Ftwitter.com%2Ftonyjarnold&amp;sa=D&amp;sntz=1&amp;usg=AFQjCNFPSylltvw6suohIk5BgHodNjZYxg">@tonyjarnold</a>.</em></p></p> Tue, 15 Apr 2014 13:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/fbi-agents-say-indicted-state-rep-took-them-get-bribe-cash-110027 Loyalty, critique or exit? http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2013-04/loyalty-critique-or-exit-106456 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/fork%20in%20the%20road%20flickr%20michael%20stevens_0.jpg" title="Two roads diverged in a yellow wood and I . . . ? (Flickr/Michael Stevens)" /></div><p>In 1970, economist and&nbsp;business theorist Albert O. Hirschman published a book entitled <em>Exit, Voice, and Loyalty</em>.&nbsp;</p><p>As a student of business ethics, this book helped to shape my intellectual and philosophical perspectives on a person&rsquo;s real life options when confronted by organizational mistakes, mismanagement, or mischievousness. I&rsquo;m not sure if Professor Hirschman would agree with my interpretation of his overall thesis, but it&rsquo;s a model I&rsquo;ve been effectively using in the classroom for years.</p><p>When an organization makes a mistake, starts moving in the wrong direction, or does something blatantly illegal, I think members of that organization, from top to bottom, are forced to make a choice about what they should do.</p><p>The first choice is loyalty: On one hand, loyalty suggests agreement. &ldquo;Whatever the company is doing, I see no problem with it!&rdquo; Loyalty can be the product of fear: &ldquo;If I speak up, will I lose my job?&rdquo; It can be a product of indifference: &ldquo;What do I care? I just want to get paid.&rdquo; Or loyalty can be the result of genuine uncertainty: &ldquo;I&rsquo;m unwilling to cast the first stone.&rdquo;</p><p>The second choice is critique or criticism: To criticize does not necessarily mean to be negative or to deny; to be critical means to evaluate. Criticism implies taking something apart in order to understand it and make it better. To criticize is to add one&rsquo;s voice to the conversation. To critique is to be engaged, concerned and responsive to the situation.&nbsp;</p><p>Finally, there is the option to simply exit: To leave or move on can be either a demonstration of character or cowardice. If one has argued for correction but has seen those efforts fail, then the choice to exit is a demonstration of integrity and strength. But to leave out of fear of personal reprisal or recrimination, without due concern for others who might be innocently involved. . . that is the act of a cad.</p><p>Hirschman taught me that in trying times we are all tested. The choices we face are tough ones, but choices must be made. Neutrality, as Dante pointed out, is never a viable option: &ldquo;The hottest places in hell are reserved for those who in a period of moral crisis, maintain their neutrality.&rdquo;</p></p> Tue, 09 Apr 2013 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2013-04/loyalty-critique-or-exit-106456 Mayor Emanuel strikes a blow for ethics, cans lazy board http://www.wbez.org/blogs/marcus-gilmer/2012-10/mayor-emanuel-strikes-blow-ethics-cans-lazy-board-102886 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/wbez_head_rahm.jpg" title="Mayor Rahm Emanuel (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)" /></p><p><strong>Lead story:</strong> In case you missed it Wednesday among all the debate hubbub, Mayor Rahm Emanuel <a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/chicago-mayor-replaces-ethics-board-102864">gave the entire ethics board the heave-ho</a>, once again doing something I have to give him credit for. Take, for instance, <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/clout/chi-emanuel-revamps-city-hall-ethics-board-20121003,0,5970338.story">the fact the <em>Tribune</em> points out</a>:&nbsp;The board has never investigated any aldermen for violations even though nearly two dozen have been convicted. Of course, the board was lax during the entire Daley The Second administration, which probably shocks absolutely no one and is another way in which Emanuel has cut ties with the past administration (no matter how similar he&rsquo;s seemed to Daley at times). And just to show that the more things change, the more they stay the same: It was recently revealed that Ald. Ed Burke&rsquo;s law firm <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/15350394-418/ald-burke-okd-gum-company-tax-breaks-then-got-90000-in-legal-work-from-wrigley.html">got plenty of work from the Wrigley company</a> after Burke and the City Council gave the company a sizable tax break. To his (small) credit, Burke abstained from the vote &ndash; not that it really mattered &ndash; because of, well, conflict of interest.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><p><strong>Also</strong>: Yes, the first presidential debate has come and gone. While it wasn&#39;t exactly a clear-cut knock-out, GOP candidate Mitt Romney <a href="http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/04/polls-show-a-strong-debate-for-romney/#more-35501">appeared to come out on top last night</a>. Jetisoning the divisive rehtoric that&#39;s gotten him in trouble recently (like &quot;47 percent&quot;), he was sharp and made calls for bipartisanship. Meanwhile, President Obama seemed a little too releaxed at times in a debate that got fiesty, particularly over the economy. Still, like the replacement refs in the NFL, this debate will probably be most remembered for moderater Jim Lehrer&#39;s complete inability to control the discussion, letting the candidates blow through time limits and, at many points, outright ignoring Lehrer. There were also plenty of missed opportunities to talk about things besides the economy and health care at this, the &quot;domestic issues&quot; debate. Granted, those are the most pressing issues, but why, with the two candidates standing just a few miles from Aurora, Colo., was gun control and the recent spate of mass shootings never mentioned? Where was the discussion over birth control and womens reproductive rights that have spurred so many arguments across the country? Perhaps Obama is playing rope-a-dope and will come out swinging big at the next two debates, but, for now, Romney has made a dent in the president&#39;s lead.</p><p><strong>And then: </strong>A new <em>Sun-Times</em> report shows that areas on the South Side <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/metro/15514246-418/south-side-left-without-power-more-often-than-north-side.html">are left without power longer</a> than areas on the North Side, challenging ComEd&rsquo;s ability to restore power in a timely manner. The report follows <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/metro/6759123-418/power-drain.html">similar accusations</a> made last year by residents in the suburbs. When faced with the data, the power company claimed that race and class had nothing to do with it, saying instead that the South Side has a higher tree density and overhead power lines, as opposed to the North Side, where many power lines are underground. Residents the <em>Sun-Times</em> talked to countered this by pointing to equipment neglect also haunting the South Side. In related bad news for ComEd, <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/breaking/chi-comed-rate-formula-ruling-puts-smart-grid-jobs-at-risk-20121003,0,6009824.story">a ruling by the Illinois Commerce Commission</a> has thrown a wrench into the power company&rsquo;s plan to spend $2.6 billion implementing a new &ldquo;smart grid&rdquo; across the area. ComEd plans to appeal the ruling.</p><p><strong>RIP: </strong><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/03/arts/music/r-b-greaves-of-take-a-letter-maria-fame-dies-at-68.html?ref=obituaries&amp;_r=0">R.B. Greaves</a>, R&amp;B singer of the hit &ldquo;Take A Letter, Maria,&rdquo; at the age of 68. Greaves was the nephew of Chicago&rsquo;s own soul legend, Sam Cooke.</p><p><br /><strong>Elsewhere</strong></p><ul><li>While much of America&rsquo;s focus was on the skirmish on stage last night, internationally, <a href="http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/10/syria-turkey-artillery-shelling-attack-bashar-assad-nato.html">tensions between Turkey and Syria are on the rise</a>.</li><li>New research indicates one of the most effective painkillers now available <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-19812064">may be the venom of the black mamba snake</a>.</li><li>The Chick-Fil-A controversy is <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2012/10/03/162250567/chick-fil-a-chief-we-support-biblical-families">still a thing</a>.</li><li>Also still a thing: <a href="http://www.outkickthecoverage.com/tennessee-fraternity-denies-buttchugging-charge-in-press-conference-that-really-happened.php">buttchugging</a>.</li><li>Shocking: Long before his now-infamous comments about &quot;legitimate rape,&quot; Rep. Todd Akin <a href="http://thinkprogress.org/health/2012/10/03/942451/in-2008-akin-claimed-women-who-are-not-actually-pregnant-get-abortions/?mobile=ncclaimed-">said even stupider things about abortions</a>.</li></ul><p><br /><strong>Looking Ahead</strong></p><ul><li>The Chicago-area-based DVD renter system Red Box is now extending its reach into <a href="http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20121003/NEWS07/121009911/redbox-branching-out-into-live-events">selling concert tickets</a>.</li><li>A recent investigation by the <em>Sun-Times</em> into police officers who abused disability <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/15536923-761/feds-investigate-disabled-chicago-cops-in-wake-of-sun-times-reports.html">has prodded federal investigators</a> to look into the matter.</li><li>A huge field of pot the size of multiple football fields has been growing on the South Side and <a href="http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2012/10/03/huge-marijuana-field-found-on-chicagos-south-side/">police are just now noticing it</a>.</li><li>The City of Chicago <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/features/food/stew/chi-chicago-announces-foodtruck-parking-locations-20121003,0,876722.story">has announced locations</a> where food trucks will be allowed to operate. If you&rsquo;re hoping for locations on the South Side or in the Loop, don&rsquo;t hold your breath.</li><li>The new exhibit at the Art Institute? <a href="http://blog.artic.edu/blog/2012/10/02/now-on-view-paperweights/">Paperweights</a>!</li></ul><p><br /><strong>Sports</strong></p><ul><li>An added twist of the knife to Sox fans: the Detroit Tigers&rsquo; Miguel Cabrera became the first Major League player in 45 years to win baseball&rsquo;s triple crown.</li><li>Now that the 61-101 season is over, the Cubs have begun letting folks go, <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/breaking/chi-cubs-let-listach-go-after-finale-20121003,0,64308.story">starting with third base coach Pat Listach</a>.</li><li>Apparently, the Jaguars&rsquo; Maurice Jones-Drew and Jay Cutler <a href="http://espn.go.com/chicago/nfl/story/_/id/8456829/jacksonville-jaguars-maurice-jones-drew-wants-keep-jay-cutler-controversy-past">had a Twitter fight in 2011</a> that the media is trying to make relevant for this weekend&rsquo;s game.</li><li>The Philadelphia Eagles&rsquo; Lesean McCoy <a href="http://deadspin.com/5948742/lesean-mccoy-sort-of-confirms-that-he-says-his-last-name-while-juking-people">comes close</a> to topping Brandon Lloyd for <a href="http://deadspin.com/5947946/heres-brandon-lloyd-smiling-for-the-camera-while-diving-for-a-touchdown">awesome showboating</a>, but not quite.</li><li>For Cubs, Sox, and Blackhawks fans that are looking for another team to invest in this fall, consider the <a href="http://www.chicago-fire.com/">Chicago Fire</a> who seemed locked in for another playoff run in the MLS.</li></ul><p><br /><strong>Finally</strong></p><p>A fascinating look at going undercover as a Mexican drug lord.</p></div><p style="text-align: center; "><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/zQBo79O4Uhg" width="560"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 04 Oct 2012 09:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/marcus-gilmer/2012-10/mayor-emanuel-strikes-blow-ethics-cans-lazy-board-102886 A new controversy over free will http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/new-controversy-over-free-will-99424 <p><p>Do we or don&rsquo;t we have free will? It&rsquo;s not a new question. But now we have a new take on the question from philosopher/neuroscientist (and bestselling author) Sam Harris.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/fork%20in%20the%20road%20flickr%20michael%20stevens.jpg" style="height: 400px; width: 400px; float: left;" title="Do we have the power to choose one path over another? (Flickr/Michael Stevens)" /></div><p>Harris is best known for work which argues on behalf of scientific knowledge and secular values. In <em>The End of Faith: Religion, Terror and the Future of Reason</em> he argued against our capacity to &ldquo;suspend reason in favor of religious beliefs.&rdquo; Now, in <em>Free Will</em>, he denies that individuals possess this much-debated capacity. I think Harris is both right and wrong.</p><p>The doctrine of free will argues that humans are conscious, rational beings, and therefore responsible for the character of our mental lives and all subsequent behavior and choices. Being an autonomous person capable of free choice, Harris says, is at the core of everything we care about as individuals and a species: morality, law, politics, religion, public policy, intimate relationships, feelings of guilt and personal accomplishments.</p><p>Without our belief in free will, Harris argues, how do we deal with problems of responsibility, success and failure, praise and punishment? Without free will, sinners, saints, criminals and heroes are, in some sense, all alike &ndash; or are different only by accident and not by conscious choice.</p><p>Like it or not, Harris argues, we are not the authors of our own thoughts and actions. Rather, we are the sum total of prior causes we did not create or contrive: our genetic package, our biochemical make-up, normal experience, ecological happenstance, the accident of the moment, etc. We are the conscious witness of our choice making, but not the deep cause of it. In essence, Harris argues that the only choices we can make are the choices we&rsquo;ve been &ldquo;programmed&rdquo; to make, because of our inherited make up and the sum total of our experiences.</p><p>Like I said, I think Harris is both right and wrong. Yes, we are, in a very real sense, the product of our genes and an accident of experience. It is true that we are never totally free from what has been given to us and what happens to us. It is true that we cannot will or wish away a genetic proclivity for cancer or a disposition for depression and moodiness. Nor can we simply deny, overlook or totally override the effects and impact of what we have experienced in our lives.</p><p>But even with all this, we do have moments of free will in our lives. William James argued that we are never totally free. All of us are limited, hemmed in by factors and circumstances in our lives. &nbsp;But for James, free will never meant the ability to do anything we wish to do. It meant the ability to <em>try</em> to deal with/handle/make the best possible choice of the alternatives that confront us. No matter what our ethnicity, genetic history, education, religion or family background, we do have the freedom to <em>try</em>&nbsp; &ndash; to choose the attitude we take in regard to the world.</p><p>For James, there are moments in life where we have no choice: moments when we are boxed in by circumstances, moments where no choice is really available. But there are also when, if we have the courage, we can make life-altering choices to be on one side of the fence or the other. We can choose to be, in Benjamin Disraeli&rsquo;s words, &ldquo;on the side of the angels,&rdquo; or in Darth Vader&rsquo;s words &ldquo;on the dark side of the force.&rdquo;</p><p>Although scholars continue to debate the meaning of free will, there is no escaping the simple fact that when choice is possible and when we choose, our choices define who we are.</p></p> Tue, 22 May 2012 10:44:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/new-controversy-over-free-will-99424 'Why Have Children?': How to decide, ethically http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/why-have-children-how-decide-ethically-98737 <p><p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/flickr%20aloveletteraway%20babies.jpg" title="(Flickr/aloveletteraway) A baby massage class for young mothers in the Netherlands"></p><p>Recently, I <a href="http://thehairpin.com/2012/04/drinking-pets-and-babies">read </a>an advice column on the popular women’s issues website The Hairpin called “Ask a Married Dude.” The posts regularly get hundreds of comments (this one has almost 500), and is one of many popular columns on the site, including “Ask a Queer Chick” and “Ask a Bowl of Hummus.”<br><br>In the most recent installation, a woman writes in to ask about having kids.”When did you and your spouse feel ready to have a baby?” she asks. “Did you have a steady job? Did you feel like a grown up? How did you know you could take care of a human for at least two decades?”<br><br>Well, according to A Married Dude, having a baby is really no big deal. “Sometimes you just never really know,” the advice-giver writes, warning, however, that “[h]angovers are much more painful once you have a baby.” Your life changes forever once you have a baby, but not in a dramatic way. “Basically, it's like having a pet. So, yeah, the best way to prepare for having a kid is to have pets for a while.”<br><br>Okay, so, A Married Dude is not claiming to be an expert on parenthood. In fact, he’s pretty upfront about the fact that his only qualification for giving such advice is Being Married. Still, the popularity of the somewhat flippant recurring feature reveals how young people -- or at least, people of a reproductive age -- are approaching their reproductive futures. Their concerns focus around the questions: &nbsp;How will my life change? Will I be able to go out with friends? Will I miss spontaneous vacations? Can I still get drunk?<br><br>Christine Overall, a philosophy professor at Queen’s University, Ontario, says the people who ask those questions are going about it all wrong (and she’s not just referring to those who are preoccupied with that last one). In her new &nbsp;book, <em>Why Have Children? The Ethical Debate</em>, Overall argues that people should be thinking much less about themselves and much more about society at large when deciding to have kids. On Wednesday, she sits down with Tony Sarabia on <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> to outline her argument and talk about the book.<br><br>Overall concludes that the ratio of one adult to one child makes the most ethical sense. The strongest reason to have a child, she says, is that it creates a unique kind of relationship -- one that lasts for life, and the only kind in which we create the other person. She denounces all other reasons as inadequate. Having a child because you like the idea of someone there to take care of you later in life, someone to bear your name, or as a method of strengthening a relationship, for example, are ethically irresponsible.<br><br>A human being’s environmental footprint in the developed world is immense. Yet Overall notes a strange contradiction in contemporary Western culture, one in which the burden of justification falls on those who choose not to have children rather than on those who do. This backward thinking, she argues, needs to be adjusted. Overall’s not saying we should never have children. She’s just asking us to consider the impact a child might have beyond our weekend plans for the next 18 years.</p></p> Wed, 02 May 2012 12:48:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-05/why-have-children-how-decide-ethically-98737 Emanuel pushes for more ethical City Hall http://www.wbez.org/news/emanuel-pushes-more-ethical-city-hall-98689 <p><p>Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel says City Hall ethics laws are in need of "a real scrubbing".</p><p>An ethics task force, appointed by Emanuel, announced recommendations Monday to increase transparency and accountability. Emanuel said he'll work with Ald. Will Burns, 4th, to make sure that report goes before the city council.</p><p>Emanuel admitted the city has a long history when it comes to ethics.</p><p>"I think our city, our public employees are not where we were, 30, 40, 50 years ago. I wouldn't be doing this if I thought we were perfect," Emanuel said.</p><p>The ethics committe made 34 recommendations, including whistleblower protections, capping gifts for city workers at $50 dollars per individual source, a "reverse revolving door" provision and swift punishment when abuse occurs.</p><p>The committee is made up of Cynthia Canary, Ald. Burns, Sergio Acosta and Dawn Clark Netch. Canary said they expect to have a second part of the report coming out in late July.</p></p> Mon, 30 Apr 2012 15:48:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/emanuel-pushes-more-ethical-city-hall-98689 Morals vs. manners: The great divide? http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-03-13/morals-vs-manners-great-divide-96778 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2012-March/2012-03-13/table manners_flickr_sam dreilinger.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Rarely, if ever, do we equate manners with morals. Most of us think they’re two entirely different endeavors.</p><p>But I’m convinced the divide isn’t as great as we think it to be. At their core, both manners and morals consciously reflect concern for members of our community.</p><p>I explain in the video below:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/TnJqhPf1dSk" frameborder="0" height="315" width="560"></iframe></p><p><em>Al Gini is a professor of business ethics and chair of the department of management at Loyola University Chicago. He is also the co-founder and associate editor of&nbsp;</em>Business Ethics Quarterly,<em>and the author of several books, including</em>&nbsp;My Job, My Self&nbsp;<em>and</em>&nbsp;Seeking the Truth of Things: Confessions of a (catholic) Philosopher.</p></p> Tue, 13 Mar 2012 14:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-03-13/morals-vs-manners-great-divide-96778