WBEZ | anarchists http://www.wbez.org/tags/anarchists Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Emma Goldman's Hideout http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-12/emma-goldmans-hideout-104625 <p><p>Chicago has many unmarked historic sites. The building at 2126 North Sheffield Avenue is another of these. In September &rsquo;01 the hunt for America&rsquo;s most wanted terrorist ended here.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Goldman%20Hideout%20%282011%29.jpg" style="width: 275px; height: 367px; float: right;" title="Chicago History Happened Here: 2126 N. Sheffield Ave." />No, that wasn&rsquo;t 2001 in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks. We&rsquo;re talking about 1901. The alleged terrorist was Emma Goldman. She was accused of conspiring to murder the President of the United States.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">On September 6, in Buffalo, President William McKinley had been shot and seriously wounded. The gunman was an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz. He told police that he&rsquo;d been inspired to his deed by Emma Goldman.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">At 32, the Russian-born Goldman was already famous&ndash;or infamous&ndash;as an organizer and promoter of radical-left causes. Czolgosz had heard her speak in Chicago the previous July. The two had talked briefly, then gone their separate ways.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Chicago&nbsp;officials believed that the plot to kill the president had been hatched right here. Six of Goldman&rsquo;s associates were arrested. Goldman was thought to be in St. Louis. Before police could act on this information, they received a new tip&ndash;Red Emma was on her way to Chicago!&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Goldman arrived by train, but the cops missed her. Meanwhile, they&rsquo;d staked out some of her known haunts. On the evening of September 9, a woman fitting Goldman&rsquo;s description was seen entering the flat on Sheffield Avenue. She remained inside.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Goldman, Emma.jpg" style="width: 275px; height: 365px; float: left;" title="Emma Goldman (Chicago Daily News)" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Shortly before noon the next day, the police moved in. The suspect was in an apartment on the third floor. While one officer knocked at the door, another climbed in through the window. They found a tiny, mild-looking woman sitting peacefully in a rocking chair, smiling at them.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">At first the woman denied she was Emma Goldman. That didn&rsquo;t last long. Admitting her identity, Goldman went quietly along to the Harrison Street lockup. In less than an hour, newspaper extras were on the street, announcing the capture of the most dangerous woman in America.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Goldman was questioned about the McKinley shooting. She wasn&rsquo;t troubled by it, and she wouldn&rsquo;t condemn Czolgosz. But she had only met Czolgosz that one time. She wasn&rsquo;t part of any conspiracy.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">McKinley died on September 14. Six weeks later, Czolgosz was executed. No evidence was found linking Goldman&nbsp;or her associates to the crime, and they were all released.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Emma Goldman was deported from the United States in 1919. She died in Canada in 1940. Her remains were returned to Chicago, and her grave is in Forest Home Cemetery in Forest Park.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 07 Jan 2013 05:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-12/emma-goldmans-hideout-104625 Death comes for the archbishop http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2012-02-10/death-comes-archbishop-96087 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-10/Mundelein arrival_Schmidt.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>February 10th might have been Chicago's day of infamy--the date remembered for the greatest mass murder in our history.</p><p>The year was 1916. George Mundelein had just arrived in Chicago to take charge of the Catholic archdiocese. At 43 he was young for an archbishop. Now the leaders of the city and state were giving him a welcoming banquet at the University Club.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-03/02-10--Mundelein arrival_0.jpg" style="width: 490px; height: 326px;" title="Archbishop Mundelein (center) arriving in Chicago (Library of Congress/Chicago Daily News)"></p><p>About 300 people were present. Mundelein sat at the head table next to Illinois Gov. Edward Dunne. During the first course one of the guests felt faint. He got up from his chair, then collapsed.</p><p>The man was helped from the room. Waiters opened windows, thinking tobacco smoke had knocked him out. Soon other people complained of upset stomachs. They were led away. A few doctors followed to help.</p><p>The trouble was traced to the soup. The doctors thought the bouillion in it had spoiled, and that the victims were suffering from ptomaine. The banquet went on. Most of the remaining guests refused to eat anything except the ice cream.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-03/02-10--kitchen at University Club - Copy.jpg" title="University Club kitchen (Library of Congress/Chicago Daily News)" width="490" height="326"></p><p>Over a hundred diners had been stricken, most of them violently ill. After further investigation, public health officials made a chilling announcement. This had not been a case of accidental ptomaine--someone had laced the soup with arsenic!</p><p>Suspicion immediately fell on one of the cooks, a man named Jean Crones. He was nowhere to be found. Police searched his apartment. They found numerous phials of poison and piles of anarchist literature.</p><p>Authorities speculated that the poisoning was part of a larger anarchist plot. Labor leader Bill Haywood was questioned, and said "All I know about it is what I read in the papers." One of Haywood's friends claimed that the whole incident was a police scheme to frame radicals.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-03/02-10--authorities examine poison found at Crones_0.jpg" title="investigators search Jean Crones's apartment (Library of Congress/Chicago Daily News) " width="490" height="325"></p><p>All the poison victims recovered. Jean Crones turned out to be an Italian anarchist named Nestor Dondoglio. He was never caught.</p><p>Mundelein himself came through the evening just fine--he had not eaten the soup. He knew his church had enemies, but was unafraid. "The man who would be guilty of such a plan is a crank or mentally unbalanced," the archbishop said.</p><p>Then he smiled and added, "It takes more than soup to put me out."</p><p>George Mundelein was later named a cardinal, and remained Chicago archbishop until his death in 1939.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 10 Feb 2012 13:15:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2012-02-10/death-comes-archbishop-96087