WBEZ | venezuela http://www.wbez.org/tags/venezuela Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Will the next leader of the UN be a woman? http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-08-26/will-next-leader-un-be-woman-112736 <p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/221023835&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">New campaign targets a female UN Secretary General</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon&rsquo;s term as UN Secretary General will end in December 2016. He&rsquo;s said he will not serve another term. The process for selecting the secretary general has generally been done behind closed doors. There are lots of calls to reform the way the position gets filled. Along with calls to change the process, there&rsquo;s been mounting pressure to make the next head of the UN a woman. Many UN observers say it&rsquo;s unclear whether a woman has ever even seriously been considered for the job. Jean Krasno is chair of the &ldquo; Campaign to Elect a Woman UN Secretary-General.&rdquo; She&rsquo;s been a vocal advocate of having a woman lead the UN. Krasno joins us to discuss her campaign and the reason she believes it&rsquo;s time for a woman to have a leadership role at the UN.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-6a62d090-6ba5-d653-1492-a9a518088ebe">Jean Krasno is a lecturer at Yale University and a tenured lecturer at the City College of New York. She is also </span>chair of the &ldquo; Campaign to Elect a Woman UN Secretary-General.&rdquo;</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/221024932&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Venezuela&#39;s crisis continues</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Venezuela is facing a serious economic crisis. There are long lines for basic foodstuffs and with oil prices expected to stay low there is no recovery in site for the resource rich country. The government has declared a &ldquo;state of exception&rdquo; that suspends human rights guarantees. Nicolas Maduro&rsquo;s socialist party government wants to maintain its dominance in the National Assembly with elections scheduled for December 6th. They&rsquo;ve disqualified opposition candidates. We&rsquo;ll discuss their strategy to maintain power and the country&rsquo;s ongoing economic problems with Javier Corrales, a professor of political science at Amherst College and co-author of the book Dragon in the Tropics: Hugo Chavez and the political economy of revolution in Venezuela.</p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-6a62d090-6ba9-c95c-afb1-9ffa8e49c1a0">Javier Corrales is a professor of political science at Amherst College and co-author fo the book </span>Dragon in the Tropics: Hugo Chavez and the political economy of revolution in Venezuela.</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/221026385&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Global Notes: Modern indigenous and aboriginal music</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>On this week&rsquo;s Global Notes, music journalist and host of Beat Latino, Catalina Maria Johnson, will play some us some of her favorite tunes from indigenous and aboriginal artists around the globe- ranging from everything from Inuit throat singing to First Nation Canadian hip-hop.</p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-6a62d090-6baf-f403-a2f2-fdd84f4fa32a">Catalina Maria Johnson is a music journalist and the host of Beat Latino on Vocalo. </span></em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 26 Aug 2015 14:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-08-26/will-next-leader-un-be-woman-112736 Worldview: The strained relationship between the U.S. and Venezuela http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-04/worldview-strained-relationship-between-us-and-venezuela-111655 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP685986733831.jpg" style="height: 442px; width: 620px;" title="Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro, center, waves a national flag during a rally in Caracas, Venezuela, Saturday, Feb. 28, 2015. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/194240217&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Turmoil in Venezuela</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-55e81c49-e691-363a-42a9-b55dd26e4c76">Earlier this week, Venezuela banned a number of U.S. politicians from traveling to their country. Former leaders like George W. Bush and Dick Cheney were banned, along with current Congresspersons like Marco Rubio and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. But the ban is just the &ldquo;tip of the iceberg&rdquo; in Venezuela. We&rsquo;ll hear more of the story from David Smilde, moderator of the Washington Office on Latin America&rsquo;s </span>Venezuelan Politics and Human Rights blog and professor of Sociology at Tulane University. Smilde is currently in Venezuela.</p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-55e81c49-e691-b048-5e8e-4ceef53c47e7"><a href="https://twitter.com/dsmilde">David Smilde</a> is the</span>&nbsp;moderator of the &quot;Venezuelan Politics and Human Rights&quot; blog.<a href="https://twitter.com/WOLA_org">Washington Office on Latin America</a> (WOLA) and senior fellow Professor of Sociology at Tulane University.&nbsp;</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/194240908&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">Lenten foods around the world</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-8ca68773-e696-f700-3d4b-e01952319a66">We are in the middle of Lent. For For many observant all over the world that means no meat on Fridays or throughout the 40 day period. Monica Eng and Louisa Chu cohost the WBEZ food podcast called Chewing the Fat and they are here today to talk about some of the Lenten foods from around the world that make an appearance in Chicago this time of year.&nbsp;</span></p><p><strong>Guests:&nbsp;</strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/louisachu">Louisa Chu</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/monicaeng">Monica Eng</a> are the hosts of the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/content/chewing-fat-podcast-louisa-chu-and-monica-eng">Chewing the Fat</a> podcast.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/194241551&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px;">The contemporary French-Cuban sounds of Ibeyi</span></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-732f42f5-e699-67a2-a52f-a3160d44e5a8">This week on our Global Notes segment Morning Shift and Radio M host Tony Sarabia brings us the sparse but emotion filled songs of twin French Cuban sisters Lisa Kainde Diaz and Naomi Diaz who describe their music as contemporary Negro spirituals. There are also references to their Yoruba heritage. They call their act Ibeyi which means twins in Yoruban and their blend of hip-hop, electronica, Yoruban chants and jazz is all include on their self-titled debut.</span></p><p><strong>Guest:&nbsp;</strong><em><a href="https://twitter.com/wbezsarabia">Tony Sarabia</a> is the host of <a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZmorning">WBEZ Morning Shift</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 04 Mar 2015 14:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-03-04/worldview-strained-relationship-between-us-and-venezuela-111655 Venezuela prison deaths http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-05/venezuela-prison-deaths-111196 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP409221984728.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Dozens of prisoners in a Venezuelan penitentiary center recently died after overdosing on stolen drugs, according to the government. But Jeremy McDermott of InSight Crime says there is reason to be skeptical of the official story. He tells us why.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-venezuela-prison-deaths/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-venezuela-prison-deaths.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-venezuela-prison-deaths" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Venezuela prison deaths" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Fri, 05 Dec 2014 11:24:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-05/venezuela-prison-deaths-111196 Possible U.S. sanctions on Venezuela http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-11/possible-us-sanctions-venezuela-110482 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP227227024155.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Delta and American Airlines are cutting back flights to Venezuela amidst a water shortage there and possible U.S. sanctions for human rights abuses.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-possible-us-sanctions-on-venezuela/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-possible-us-sanctions-on-venezuela.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-possible-us-sanctions-on-venezuela" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Possible US sanctions on Venezuela" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:39:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-11/possible-us-sanctions-venezuela-110482 Protests continue in Venezuela http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-02-24/protests-continue-venezuela-109757 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/(AP PhotoRodrigo Abd)_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Opposition forces took to the streets again today in Venezuela.Reuters reports that at least 12 people have died in violence related to the ongoing protests. We&#39;ll take a look at what&#39;s behind the recent unrest.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-protests-continue-in-venezuela/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-protests-continue-in-venezuela.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-protests-continue-in-venezuela" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Protests continue in Venezuela" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 24 Feb 2014 11:52:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-02-24/protests-continue-venezuela-109757 The media, Latin America and the Snowden affair and Gwo ka music http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-18/media-latin-america-and-snowden-affair-and-gwo-ka-music-108082 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP468723498488.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The EU issues a new directive on funding projects connected to Jewish settlements. We take a look at how U.S. media cover certain countries in Latin America, like Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Renata Sago introduces us to Gwo ka music.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F101474756&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/the-media-latin-american-and-the-snowden-affair-an.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/the-media-latin-american-and-the-snowden-affair-an" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: The media, Latin American and the Snowden affair and Gwo ka music" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Wed, 17 Jul 2013 10:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-18/media-latin-america-and-snowden-affair-and-gwo-ka-music-108082 Tom Dart for Mayor? http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-05/tom-dart-mayor-107456 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/preck.JPG" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle and Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart. (WBEZ/Robin Amer)" />Follow up on recent stories:<br /><br />* On Wednesday I wrote about <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-05/who-could-beat-rahm-emanuel-2015-107415">potential challengers</a> to Mayor Rahm Emanuel and listed Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle as a significant challenger and Rep. Luis Gutierrez as capable of mounting a passionate campaign. A lot of people asked about Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart. I like Dart, but Dart doesn&rsquo;t have a natural constituency. He may have credibility but he doesn&rsquo;t have the deep roots or ethnic/racial identification of the other candidates. I say if it&rsquo;s Emanuel and Dart, Rahm slaughters him.<br /><br />* Earlier this month, I wrote about Jason Richwine, a researcher with the Heritage Foundation, who co-wrote their <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-05/gop-leader-quits-amid-eugenics-fueled-immigration-report-107158" target="_blank">recent anti-immigration report</a>. Richwine was forced o resign from Heritage after it was discovered his doctoral thesis at Harvard had as a central premise that Latinos have a lower IQ than whites and that Hispanics lack &ldquo;raw cognitive ability or intelligence.&rdquo; Since then, more than 1,200 Harvard students signed a petition to the president and dean of the Kennedy School urging an investigation into how such a thesis could be accepted. Twenty-four <a href="http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2013/05/13/2004031/24-harvard-student-groups-graduating-jason-richwine-debases-all-of-our-degrees/" target="_blank">Harvard student groups</a> wrote to the school&rsquo;s president saying that approval of Richwine&rsquo;s thesis &ldquo;debases all our degrees.&rdquo;<br /><br />* Last month, I wrote about the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/immigration-reform-11-million-new-democrats-106818" target="_blank">immigration reform bill before the Senate</a> and about Florida Sen. <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/rubios-cowardice-and-ambition-could-kill-immigration-bill-106448" target="_blank">Marco Rubio</a>, one of its <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/rubio-vs-cruz-immigration-106765" target="_blank">principal architects</a>. The bill has passed the Senate&rsquo;s Judiciary Committee, loaded down with 17 useless amendments sent up by the GOP, and it should get a vote in June. But Rubio, who&rsquo;s taken this on as a <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-02/rubio-and-obama-are-fake-immigration-fight-105674" target="_blank">show of leadership</a>, is still trying to have it both ways. Without some meaningful outreach to Latinos and/or at least one serious legislative credit, Rubio can&rsquo;t run for president in 2016. But if he crosses too many lines on immigration, his Tea Party and other conservative support&mdash;which is what put him in the Senate in the first place&mdash;will evaporate. The result is that now you have Rubio publicly standing with the Senate&rsquo;s Gang of Eight, and <a href="http://www.denverpost.com/politics/ci_23355351/rubio-unsettles-immigration-reform-supporters" target="_blank">privately criticizing the bill he helped write</a>. It&rsquo;s pathetic.<br /><br />* I wrote about Venezuela several times, including just before the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/venezuelas-incredibly-sad-elections-106636" target="_blank">voting on April 14</a>. It was the first election after the death of Hugo Chávez and I expected his protege, Nicolás Maduro, to win. That&rsquo;s what happened. But I was dead wrong about the challenger, Henrique Capriles, whose campaign I saw as purely quixotic. Capriles, I think, surprised everyone&mdash;including Maduro and his cohorts&mdash;by either winning the vote count and forcing them to steal the election, or coming so close&mdash;mere fractions of percentages&mdash;that it&rsquo;s terrified them. I also wrote about the electon results over at <em>In These Times</em>, pointing out that <a href="http://inthesetimes.com/article/14953/chavistas_narrow_victory/" target="_blank">Maduro&rsquo;s support dropped by a half million votes</a> from Chávez&rsquo;s last election. The Chavistas, who control all the branches of government, including a Supreme Court that&rsquo;s heavily partisan, have been relentless in their post-election attacks but Capriles has emerged as a formidable foe. He&rsquo;s shown more fortitude and staying power than imagined. He&rsquo;s not going to get he re-count he wants, or the new elections, or international help, but Capriles, who&rsquo;s only 42, will likely challenge Maduro in five years and give him a run for his money. In the meantime, the country has had a <a href="http://news.sky.com/story/1097759/venezuela-toilet-roll-stash-found-amid-crisis" target="_blank">toilet paper crisis </a>(I&rsquo;m not making this up!) and Maduro has been steadily <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/05/31/us-venezuela-colombia-idUSBRE94U04I20130531" target="_blank">alienating</a> his fellow Latin American presidents.<br /><br />* Back in February, I decried President Obama&rsquo;s <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-02/president-obamas-illegal-war-105431" target="_blank">illegal use of drones</a> and illegal wars. He recently stepped out to defend his use of drones, a policy filled with contradictions and <a href="http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21578689-barack-obamas-rules-drones-could-shape-new-global-laws-war-out-shadows" target="_blank">dangerous precedents</a>. Then, within days, drones took out another high-profile target that may have <a href="http://blog.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/05/29/has_obama_already_violated_his_new_drone_policy_wali_ur_rehman_pakistan" target="_blank">violated all the new and improved guidelines</a> he&rsquo;d just set out.<br /><br />* In January, I wrote about the House GOP&rsquo;s <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-01/gop-cant-stop-repealing-obamacare-105132" target="_blank">36th repeal of Obamacare</a>.&nbsp; I really thought that was it. Then this month, <a href="http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/05/13/obamacare_repeal_vote_meaningful_or_misguided_118377.html" target="_blank">they did it again</a>, just for good measure. But that&rsquo;s not all. Sen. Rubio says <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/senate/302419-rubio-to-refocus-on-obamacare-repeal-in-wake-of-irs-scandal" target="_blank">Obamacare repeal will be his new project</a> in the wake of the IRS contretemps, presumably after he&rsquo;s figured out what he&rsquo;s doing with immigration.</p></p> Fri, 31 May 2013 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-05/tom-dart-mayor-107456 Venezuela's incredibly sad elections http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/venezuelas-incredibly-sad-elections-106636 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RS7208_AP13040406993-scr_0.jpg" title="This is likely Henrique Capriles' last shot at being president of Venezuela (AP)" />Henrique Capriles&rsquo; suicide mission will likely come to an end Sunday, when Venezuelans go to the polls and elect Nicolás Maduro, Hugo Chávez&rsquo;s handpicked successor, in a nasty, rigged campaign. If Capriles should somehow win -- an improbability by almost any measure -- it is, frankly, unlikely the Maduro forces don&rsquo;t have a Plan B to hold on to power, such as an appeal to the Venezuelan Supreme Court -- handpicked by Chávez and a vital player in these last few months in the drama of Chávez&rsquo;s death, Maduro&rsquo;s presidential succession and the laying out of the campaign frame work.<br /><br />The brief 30-day campaign has favored Maduro not simply because of his association with Chávez and because Chávez&rsquo;s last public words were an endorsement of him as heir -- though this alone is a mighty reason for many Venezuelans to support him.<br /><br />Maduro&rsquo;s incumbency, however controversial, has&nbsp; meant the full weight and credit of the Venezuelan government media machine going all out, blacking out Capriles (who&rsquo;s been reduced to campaigning on one TV station and social media while Maduro campaigns on 7 channels whenever he wants and travels on the government&#39;s dime) and constant attacks of the dirtiest kind. So far, Maduro has strongly implied Capriles is gay and outright called him an &ldquo;heir to Hitler,&rdquo; a particularly ironic and stinging barb considering Capriles&rsquo; grandparents were Holocaust survivors. On the final day, Maduro warned that anyone who didn&#39;t vote for him would awaken a 100 year-old curse.<br /><br />If anything makes the probable defeat of Capriles particularly sad is that his style of campaigning -- trying desperately to combat the irrational insults with reason, trying desperately to remain above the fray and maintain a respectful and dignified stance -- will be deemed futile and Maduro&rsquo;s mocking no-holds barred denigrating will be declared effective. The campaign has been grueling, depressing, a hate fest.<br /><br />Sadder perhaps is that Capriles, the only candidate to unite the opposition, will likely end his presidential ambitions with this campaign. At 40, he&rsquo;s certainly young enough to try again, but he may have spent all his electoral currency in these last two elections (he came within 8 points of Chávez in October, the closest anyone had ever gotten). After this, the next presidential elections are in 2019.<br /><br />Saddest of all is that Maduro winning won&rsquo;t modernize the Venezuelan economy, which -- no matter what anyone thinks of the Bolivarian Revolution -- is sputtering (the national currency recently suffered a 32 percent devaluation and inflation is at 26 percent). Nor will Maduro, whose campaign made attacking the U.S. an integral theme, move to open up the economy or to invite in outside investors. (especially the many Venezuelans who&rsquo;ve taken their investments out of the country).</p><p>Venezuela&rsquo;s annual oil production has declined by 25 percent since 1999, when Chávez took office, and oil exports have dropped by nearly a half in that time. Consider what that means to a country that <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/09/world/americas/venezuelas-role-as-oil-power-diminished.html?_r=0">depends on oil</a> for 95 percent of its exports and 45 percent of its revenues. Consider too that Venezuela depends on the U.S., its sworn enemy, to buy as much as 40 percent of its oil, in cash, in order to stay afloat.</p><p>Nor will Maduro make the kinds of structural changes countries such as <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/01/world/americas/01peru.html?_r=0">Brazil, Mexico and Peru</a> have made with an eye toward the long-term. Venezuela&#39;s <a href="http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324000704578386771059515346.html">budget deficit</a> reached 12 percent last year, an astounding figure considering its riches. In fact, though Venezuela has one of the largest crude reserves in the world, it still needs to import gasoline (which it sells at a subsidized price of about a nickel a gallon). Does that make sense to anyone?<br /><br />But Maduro, whose primary goal seems to be to hold on to power, will continue to depend on oil exports to pay for the more than 70 percent of consumer goods Venezuela imports. In other words, Maduro will continue on the road to making Venezuela a one-trick pony with its oil monies, depending entirely on the price and power of oil to pay, first and foremost, for the ever growing domestic subsidies that Venezuela has taken on in the last 14 years.<br /><br />But his first task -- or that of Capriles, on the very off chance he wins and gets to keep the win -- will be to reconcile the country, now dramatically and bitterly divided. There is a tidal wave of resentment waiting to hit no matter who wins. And there is an economic deluge coming, no matter who the president turns out to be.<br /><br />&nbsp;</p></p> Sun, 14 Apr 2013 05:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-04/venezuelas-incredibly-sad-elections-106636 After Chavez: The constitution, the VP, and the elections http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-03/after-chavez-constitution-vp-and-elections-105965 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RS7110_AP061017028590-scr.jpg" style="height: 209px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="The late President Hugo Chávez and the now Acting President Nicolás Maduro confer under a portrait of Latin American hero Simón Bolivar. (AP/File)" />The last time Hugo Chávez <a href="http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2012/12/31/actualidad/1356959661_172483.html">appeared</a> on Venezuelan TV was December 8, when he gave explicit instructions.</div><p>&quot;If something should happen that I might be incapacitated in any way, I want Nicolás Maduro to finish my term, as the constitution dictates, but also -- and it&rsquo;s my firm opinion, as clear as a full moon, irrevocable, absolute, total -- that if you&rsquo;re obliged to hold new presidential elections, you should elect Nicolás Maduro as president,&rdquo; he said, holding a copy of the constitution. &ldquo;I&rsquo;m asking this with all my heart.&rdquo;</p><p>Two days later, Chávez boarded a plane to Havana and was never seen or heard from in public again. He was never even sworn in to his new presidential term, thanks to a ruling from the Venezuelan Supreme Court that said the new term was, essentially, a &quot;continuation&rdquo; of the old term. And though power was never officially transferred from Chávez, Maduro became the face of the government, the de facto president.</p><p>It was no surprise then that the news of Chávez&rsquo;s death last Tuesday was delivered by a somber and clearly emotional Maduro, who also said there would be elections in 30 days.</p><p>Since then, it&rsquo;s been almost a given that Maduro will be the standard bearer for Chávez&rsquo;s party. He will very likely face Henrique Capriles, who came within 11 points of Chávez last fall as the opposition candidate (Capriles, though having come closer to unseating Chávez than any previous opponent, will likely enter this election weaker, as much from the wave of sympathy carrying Maduro as from the opposition&rsquo;s internal divisions).</p><p>But here&rsquo;s the thing: there&rsquo;s a real question about whether Maduro should be interim president, and about his candidacy should he choose to run for president.</p><p>The 1999 Venezuelan Constitution&rsquo;s Article 233 (in its original Spanish below) says this: &quot;When there&rsquo;s an absolute absence of the President or President-elect before the inauguration, a new election -- universal, direct, and by secret ballot -- shall take place within 30 days. During the time of the election and up to the inauguration of the new President, the Presidency of the Republic shall be held by the President of the National Assembly.&rdquo;</p><p>The constitution provides for the ascendancy of the VP only after the president has been inaugurated.</p><p>In other words, because Chávez was never technically sworn in, it would not be Maduro the VP (and Foreign Minister) but Diosdado Cabello, the President of the National Assembly, who should be acting president. (Much was made by some of Cabello&rsquo;s absence from the news conference announcing Chávez&rsquo;s passing, but <a href="http://www.correodelorinoco.gob.ve/nacionales/fallecio-madre-diosdado-cabello/">Cabello&rsquo;s own mother</a> had died Sunday, just two days before, and he was with family.)</p><p>Yesterday, Cabello announced a special Friday session of the National Assembly to swear in Maduro as the nation&rsquo;s acting president and to call for elections within 30 days.</p><p>&quot;President Chávez was in full control of the (presidency),&rdquo; Cabello told Venezuelan TV, insisting, as everyone on Chávez&rsquo;s team has for the past few months, that he, as President of the National Assembly, <a href="http://laiguana.tv/noticias/2013/03/07/4257/DIOSDADO-ANUNCIA-QUE-ESTE-VIERNES-SE-JURAMENTARA-NICOLAS-MADURO-COMO-PRESIDENTE-ENCARGADO.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&amp;utm_medium=twitter">didn&rsquo;t need to assume the presidency temporarily </a>because there was no &ldquo;absolute absence,&rdquo; as the constitution calls for. &ldquo;An absolute absence was never decreed. What the constitution calls for is that when there&rsquo;s an incident such as this (death) within the first four years of a presidential term, the vice president of the Republic will assume the responsibility (of the presidency). And that&rsquo;s what we&rsquo;re going to do. That&rsquo;s what the constitution says. We&rsquo;re going to comply with President Chávez&rsquo;s orders.&rdquo;</p><p>Whether Chávez was actually in control up to the last minute is irrelevant at this point. But let&rsquo;s say that, seeing that Chávez was already in power, not waiting to be sworn in, that a valid argument can be made for Maduro, as VP, to step in.</p><p>That leads us to another problem, Article 229 of the constitution (also in Spanish below): &quot;Whomever is serving as Executive Vice President (Maduro&rsquo;s actual title), Minister, Governor or Mayor on the day of the announcement of his or her candidacy, or at any moment between that date and the election, may not be elected President of the Republic.&rdquo;</p><p>After tomorrow, Maduro will not be VP but acting president. Yet becoming acting president is the privilege of the vice president or the president of the National Assembly. In order words, his new status as acting president -- which would likely legalize his candidacy -- is conditioned on his immediately prior status as VP -- which would make him illegible.</p><p>As the legal drama continued to unfold yesterday, Maduro had one other announcement: Chávez&rsquo;s body will lie in state for seven days and then be embalmed for permanent display.</p><p>&quot;The body of our leader will be embalmed, and it will ... be surrounded by crystal glass forever, <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/07/world/americas/venezuela-chavez/index.html">present forever</a>, and always with his people,&quot; he said.<br /><br />***</p><p><br /><em>Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela de 1999</em></p><p><u>Artículo 233</u>. Serán faltas absolutas del Presidente o Presidenta de la República: la muerte, su renuncia, la destitución decretada por sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, la incapacidad física o mental permanente certificada por una junta médica designada por el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia y con aprobación de la Asamblea Nacional, el abandono del cargo, declarado éste por la Asamblea Nacional, así como la revocatoria popular de su mandato.</p><p>Cuando se produzca la falta absoluta del Presidente electo o Presidenta electa antes de tomar posessión, se procederá a una nueva elección universal, directa y secreto dentro de los treinta días consecutivos siguientes. Mientras se elige y toma posesión el nuevo Presidente o Presidenta, se encargará de la Presidencia de la República el Presidente o Presidenta de la Asamblea Nacional.</p><p>Cuando se produzca la falta absoluta del Presidente o Presidenta de la República durante los primeros cuatro años del período constitucional, se procederá a una nueva elección universal y directa dentro de los treinta días consecutivos siguientes. Mientras se elige y toma posesión el nuevo Presidente o Presidenta, se encargará de la Presidencia de la República el Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva.<br /><br /><u>Artículo 229</u>. No podrá ser elegido Presidente o elegida Presidenta de la República quien esté de ejercicio del cargo de Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva, Ministro o Ministra, Gobernador o Gobernadora y Alcalde o Alcaldesa, en el día de su postulación o en cualquier momento entre esta fecha y la de la elección.</p><p><u><strong><em>UPDATE:&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></strong></u><br />&nbsp;</p><p>The <a href="http://www.tsj.gov.ve/decisiones/scon/Marzo/141-8313-2013-13-0196.html">Venezuelan Supreme Court</a> delivered an opinion Friday, March 8, before Maduro&#39;s swearing in as president later that night, that confirmed his promotion to Acting President and specifically exempted him from having to resign the office while a candidate for president. This means that Maduro will have all of the advantages of incumbency, including government-owned and government-controlled media (which has so far broadcast very little about the opposition) leading up to the Aprl 14 elections.<br />&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 07 Mar 2013 05:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-03/after-chavez-constitution-vp-and-elections-105965 Chávez dies, VP accuses US of poisoning http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-03/ch%C3%A1vez-dies-vp-accuses-us-poisoning-105932 <p><p>Amidst the news of <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/06/world/americas/hugo-chavez-venezuelas-polarizing-leader-dies-at-58.html?pagewanted=1&amp;_r=1&amp;smid=tw-share&amp;">Hugo Chávez&rsquo;s death</a> yesterday, his vice president Nicolás Maduro also announced that he&rsquo;d <a href="http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2013/03/05/venezuela-expels-us-diplomat-vice-president-claims-hugo-chavez-was-poisoned/#ixzz2Mhrzxb00">expelled two American diplomats</a> from Venezuela for plotting against the government. Maduro also said that Chávez had been poisoned.</p><p>&quot;We have no doubt that Commandant Chávez was attacked with this illness, we have no doubt whatsoever,&rdquo; Maduro said. &ldquo;The established enemies of our land specifically tried to damage our leader&rsquo;s health. We already have leads, which will be further explored with a scientific investigation.&rdquo;</p><p>Where did Maduro get this idea? Well, from Chávez himself. Back in December 2011, he gave a speech shortly after he&rsquo;d been diagnosed with cancer and heard that Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, the president of Argentina, also had cancer, in which he proposed the possibility that the U.S. had targeted progressive Latin American leaders through some kind of cancer-inducing chemical warfare.<br /><br />The video above has the speech. Below, my translation.</p><p>&quot;It&rsquo;s very difficult to explain at this point ... based on the law of probabilities ... what&rsquo;s been happening to some of us in Latin America. At the very least, it&rsquo;s strange. Very, very strange. I don&rsquo;t want to make reckless accusations, no. But, just recently, I was watching TeleSur and saw our friend, the Guatelaman President Alvaro Colón handing the presidency over to General Otto Pérez. He was elected president just recently, in January. A general in the Guatemalan army whom I met back in the 80s, when I was in Guatemala for a few months for a course on civic matters and political warfare. Alvaro Colón was at this event asking for forgiveness for the Guatemalan government, and asking the United States to accept responsibility now that it had been proven, fifty, forty years after the fact, it was proven -- it&rsquo;s been proven -- that the government of the United States, the CIA and I don&rsquo;t know how many other entities, had launched a biological, chemical and radiological operation in Guatemala and contaminated countless Guatemalans with countless diseases. Among these, venereal diseases. All so they could perform some tests. That&rsquo;s the United States right there. Would it be strange if they had developed a technology to induce cancer that nobody knows about now but which will be discovered in fifty or however many years? I don&rsquo;t know. I&rsquo;m just sharing my thoughts. But this is very, very, very strange that we should all get cancer: (Paraguayan president Fernando) Lugo, Dilma (Rousseff, president of Brazil), back when she was a candidate. Thank god, Lugo recovered from cancer and just look at him, leading battles in Paraguay and, yes, all over Latin America. And Dilma, well, thank god she too survived it. But that cancer put her presidential candidacy at risk. (Former Brazilian president Luiz Inácio) Lula (da Silva) couldn&rsquo;t be re-elected. Then there&rsquo;s me, bam, coming into an election year. And then a few days later, Lula. And now, Cristina. Well, it is a little hard to explain, isn&rsquo;t it, to try to reason through it, even if you apply the law of probabilities. Fidel (Castro, former president of Cuba) always told me: &lsquo;Chávez, be careful. Chávez, be careful, because you&rsquo;re always all over everybody. Look, be careful. These people have developed all sorts of technology. You&rsquo;re too careless. Watch what you eat, be careful with what you&rsquo;re given to eat. Be careful with what have you -- a small needle can inject you with whatever.&rsquo; But, you&rsquo;re out there and you&rsquo;re in God&rsquo;s hands. In any case, I&rsquo;m not accusing anyone. I&rsquo;m merely using my right to reflect and to comment on these very strange events that are very difficult to explain. Be strong, Cristina. You&rsquo;ll live. We&rsquo;ll live. We will triumph for Latin America, for Latin America, for our people.&rdquo;</p></p> Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-03/ch%C3%A1vez-dies-vp-accuses-us-poisoning-105932