WBEZ | Indiana University http://www.wbez.org/tags/indiana-university Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en In France, abortion no longer a political issue http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/france%20abortion%20de%20beauvoir%20AP.jpg" title="In 1971, Simone de Beauvoir signed the 'Le Manifeste des 343,' a list of famous women claiming to have had illegal abortions. (AP/Jean-Jacques Levy)" /></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 8, 2011.</em></p><p>As part of our occasional&nbsp;series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a>, we compare the abortion debate in countries other than the U.S. Monday we start in France.</p><p>At first blush, it would seem as though France has a lot in common with the U.S. when it comes to reproductive rights issues: Both legalized abortion in the 1970s and both had influential feminist movements that advocated changing the law and removing barriers to access.</p><p>But the similarities end there. In France, abortion has moved outside the political realm and into accepted medical practice.</p><p>What&rsquo;s behind this divergence? In an interview, Indiana University political science professor Jean Robinson argued it all started with a reframing of the concept in public debate.&nbsp;</p><p>In the 1970s, a group of several hundred prominent and powerful women, including renowned philosopher Simone de Beauvoir, signed a major newspaper ad admitting to having had an illegal abortion at some point in their lives. The media spectacle made it clear that abortion was an issue for&nbsp;<em>all</em>&nbsp;women, not just women seen as promiscuous or uneducated, spurring a national mood change towards the discussion.</p><p>The language that was used to talk about abortion was also changed. Beginning in the &#39;70s, the French word for abortion was taken out of use in public debates, and replaced by a term that translates as &ldquo;voluntary interruption of pregnancy.&rdquo; The change helped desensitize the issue and kept the conversation about abortion within a medical scope.</p><p>&ldquo;In France, abortion is a health care issue for women &mdash; not a moral, political or religious issue,&rdquo; Robinson said.</p><p>That&#39;s a sharp contrast to the way the issue is framed in the U.S. &mdash; where abortion activists are still referred to as &ldquo;pro-choice&rdquo; or &ldquo;pro-life.&rdquo;</p><p>The difference shows. &ldquo;France has fewer abortions than the United States &mdash; some of the lowest rates in Europe,&rdquo; Robinson pointed out.&nbsp;</p><p>There are several reasons for this, Robinson said, a big one being that sex education in France starts in the 6<sup>th</sup> grade. Also, there&rsquo;s a family stipend provided by the government: For every child born, the family gets money from the state.</p><p>&ldquo;There isn&rsquo;t real pressure to <em>not</em> have the abortion in most urban centers,&rdquo; Robinson said. &ldquo;But there is an attempt to reassure women from the state, that they will have full support if they keep the child.&rdquo;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 Debby Herbenick's best sex column questions http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-02-13/debby-herbenicks-best-sex-column-questions-96351 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2012-February/2012-02-14/5720983944_7341001c57.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-14/5720983944_7341001c57.jpg" style="width: 600px; height: 397px; " title="Debby Herbenick speaking at a recent TEDx conference (Flickr/parksam)"></p><p>When I got on the phone with Debby Herbenick, former sex columnist for <em>TimeOut Chicago</em>&nbsp;and always sex expert (she's also&nbsp;a Research Scientist at Indiana University and a sexual health educator at The Kinsey Institute), one of the first questions I asked her was if the internet has changed the questions she gets. I already knew the answer; as a long-time reader of her column, the last of which was published on January 11, I'd often found the questions she gets funny. Not for their sexual nature, but because some people just asked questions that seemed, well, obvious -- or easily searchable (questioners also get points for specificity, like <a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/54510/ask-debby-herbenick-cold-sores-and-penis-pumps">with this post</a>).&nbsp;</p><div class="inset"><div class="insetContent"><p><span style="font-size:10px;">Listen to Debby Herbenick on <em>Afternoon Shift with Steve Edwards</em></span></p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332733817-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/AfternoonShift_Herbenek.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p></div></div><p>"There’s always moments where I’m like, c'mon, google it," said Herbenick, laughing a bit when I asked her if some of the questions frustrate her. But she's far more sympathetic of readers than I would be, because she's found that the Kinsey name makes people trust her. If you Google any random question, you'll sometimes find hundreds of answers online. To Herbenick, if she's the final say, she's delivering just a little more peace of mind to confused Chicago readers.</p><p>Herbenick will be on the <em>Afternoon Shift</em> talking about her years writing the column today, and in honor of her visit, here's a list of some of my favorite of her columns. And of course, depending on your workplace, some of these posts may or may not be suitable for consumption.&nbsp;</p><p><a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/56825/ask-debby-herbenick-questions-from-family-friends-and-strangers-on-the-cta">Best questions asked of Debbie on the CTA (and by friends and relatives)</a></p><p><a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/34697/in-out">A great example of an early column that involves readers responding to their peers</a></p><p><a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/15073359/ask-debby-whats-a-foolproof-pickup-line">Herbenick's last column includes questions about STDs and how to pick up a lady</a></p><p><a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/14947737/ask-debby-herbenick-69ing-swelling-vaginas-and-the-masturbation-thing">A reader doesn't get why there's so much fuss about sex, and so she decides to ask a sex columnist what the big deal is</a></p><p><a href="http://timeoutchicago.com/sex-dating/49397/in-out">And someone who trys to educate the educator, about genital piercings&nbsp;</a></p></p> Tue, 14 Feb 2012 18:58:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/bez/2012-02-13/debby-herbenicks-best-sex-column-questions-96351 Worldview 7.29.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-72911 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2011-july/2011-07-29/japan1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Earlier this month, Prime Minister Naoto Kan said something few expected ever to hear from a Japanese leader: He called for the country to become a society that “can do without atomic energy.” <a href="http://web.ics.purdue.edu/%7Edaldrich/" target="_blank">Daniel Aldrich</a>, a Japan expert and political science professor at Purdue University, dissects the statement and examines what a nuclear-free Japan would look like. And we examine nuclear power in India. The nuclear nation never signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, making it an outcast among NPT nations for decades. The situation changed in 2008, when the U.S. reversed its ban on nuclear trade with India and the countries began to cooperate. <a href="http://www.indiana.edu/%7Ealldrp/members/ganguly.html" target="_blank">Sumit Ganguly</a>, director of research at <a href="http://www.indiana.edu/%7Ecags/index.shtml" target="_blank">Indiana University’s Center for American and Global Security</a>, discusses India’s evolving energy sector.</p></p> Fri, 29 Jul 2011 16:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-72911 Life in rural communities for gay youth http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/life-rural-communities-gay-youth <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2010-October/2010-10-28/rainbow flag.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A neighborhood like Chicago&rsquo;s Boystown is a fairly safe--even welcoming--urban space for gay youth. But, not all gay, lesbian, transgender, bisexual and questioning teens are eager to flee the farm for life in the big city.</p><p>Mary Gray is a sociologist and associate professor <a href="http://www.indiana.edu/~cmcl/faculty/gray.shtml">Indiana University in Bloomington</a>. She spent time with rural gay youth for her She documents their experiences in her book <em><a href="http://www.queercountry.fromthesquare.org/">Out in the Country: Youth, Media and Queer Visibility in Rural America</a>.</em> Gray learned that city life doesn&rsquo;t always equal easy life for gay teens. We spoke with her about her findings.</p></p> Thu, 28 Oct 2010 13:38:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/life-rural-communities-gay-youth