WBEZ | Roseland http://www.wbez.org/tags/roseland Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Morning Shift: Understanding alternative birthing options http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2013-08-20/morning-shift-understanding-alternative-birthing <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Birthing - Flickr - sabianmaggy.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We delve into the various types of midwives and birthing methods available to women in Illinois. And WBEZ&#39;s Natalie Moore stops by to explain what happened at a Town Hall meeting in Chicago&#39;s Roseland neighborhood.</p><p><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-47/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-47.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-47" target="_blank">View the story "Morning Shift: Understanding alternative birthing options" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Tue, 20 Aug 2013 08:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2013-08-20/morning-shift-understanding-alternative-birthing Programs to keep kids off streets during violent summer may end http://www.wbez.org/news/programs-keep-kids-streets-during-violent-summer-may-end-108294 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Summer Stress 1_130805_kob.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Most kids can&rsquo;t wait for summer; they&rsquo;re itching to get out of school and into the world. But when that world lacks basic resources--like food, shelter and safety--summer could be the scariest time of year.</p><p>On the far south side of Chicago, there&rsquo;s a school that offers an oasis--but its funding might soon run dry.</p><p>And as a recent graduate Abryanna Morris put it, there&rsquo;s really nowhere else for kids to go.</p><p>&ldquo;Kids are involved in gangs because that&rsquo;s the only thing to turn to, at the end of the day. Because there&rsquo;s nothing at all in the Roseland community to do but to go be with a gang...there&rsquo;s nothing for us to do,&rdquo; Morris explained.</p><p>Roseland begins where the Red Line ends. Nearly 20 percent of residents are unemployed. In the last year, more than a dozen people were killed in Roseland.</p><p>Yolanda Lucas has lived in the community for 30 years. She said violence has changed the neighborhood--that it doesn&rsquo;t feel safe or secure.</p><p>&ldquo;There&rsquo;s no jobs, there&rsquo;s so much tension out there on the street. Everything is a little...like, panicky. I don&rsquo;t know how to explain it, it&rsquo;s just not comfortable,&rdquo; Lucas said.</p><p>Lucas and her husband have five kids---her babies, twin girls, will be juniors next year at <a href="http://www.fengerhighschool.org/" target="_blank">Fenger High School</a>. They, like many kids in the neighborhood, take a strategic route to school. Along the way, there are safety officers posted in what are called &ldquo;hot zones.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;For my kids, because now they have all this block-to-block gang activity...&lsquo;I don&rsquo;t like 111th, 113th is over here, we don&rsquo;t get along with them...&rsquo;&rdquo; Lucas described. &ldquo;It used to be neighborhood by neighborhood...no, it&rsquo;s block by block: State, Michigan, Wentworth, Yale...all the blocks against each other...so that mean I gotta go around this way to get to school versus going this way,&rdquo; Lucas continued.</p><p>Some likened it to a war zone.</p><p>&ldquo;What&rsquo;s happening in Afghanistan and Iraq is happening in Roseland...there are incidents of post-traumatic stress that our young people are facing,&rdquo; <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/front-center/restoring-roseland-confronting-violence-peaceful-practices-106651" target="_blank">Robert Spicer</a>, culture and climate specialist at Fenger High School, said.</p><p>Spicer&rsquo;s job is to create a culture of peace at a school where high-risk is the norm. He said many kids aren&rsquo;t getting the mental health supports they need to deal with violence-related post-traumatic stress that&rsquo;s going on in the community.</p><p>Spicer and Fenger&rsquo;s principal, <a href="http://www.fengerhighschool.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=123989&amp;type=u" target="_blank">Elizabeth Dozier</a>, both remembered noticing early on in their tenures that things were especially heated before a long break.</p><p>&ldquo;Before Christmas and Thanksgiving breaks, spring breaks, we used to have here in our first couple years, the kids would just fight...what we realized it&rsquo;s the stress, honestly speaking, the stress of, OK so a lot of kids are going to go home, there&rsquo;s not going to be a meal, they&rsquo;re going to go into some really trying situations...we have children living in abandoned buildings; it&rsquo;s real, real deal stuff...&rdquo; Dozier recalled. &ldquo;And so they get stressed out and then that comes out in the form of aggression because they&rsquo;re teenagers.&rdquo;</p><p>And so, she reasoned, that as teenagers, that stress tends to come out in the form of aggression.</p><p>Nearly four years ago, after the particularly brutal death of Fenger honors student Derrion Albert, attention and resources flooded the school. Dozier took a $6-million federal grant and poured it into mentoring, after-school programs, counselors and security officers trained in de-escalation.</p><p>Fenger became an oasis--a safe place full of opportunities for every student.</p><p>Psychiatrist and violence-prevention expert <a href="http://www.psych.uic.edu/ijr/facultymember.asp?p=cbell" target="_blank">Carl Bell</a> said it&rsquo;s not surprising then that Fenger students would be anxious to be out for summer.</p><p>&ldquo;Let me put it to you this way: If I lived in a war zone and I was safe, away from the front lines...and you told me, &quot;OK, time for you to go back to the front lines...I&#39;d be kind of upset,&rdquo; Bell said.</p><p>Which is why Dozier and her team have developed a strategy to deal with summer breaks.</p><p>In the school&rsquo;s teachers lounge, Dozier erected a board with every student&#39;s name on it. Colors and tiers track the kids&rsquo; summer activities. She wanted every kid, especially those who are likely to find trouble, to do something, to remain connected to the school in some way. But even with a strategy in place, Dozier couldn&rsquo;t ensure their safety after leaving the confines of the school.&nbsp;</p><p>A student was shot late one Saturday night or early Sunday morning over one of the summer&rsquo;s early weekends. Dozier was notified by Chicago Public Schools the following Monday morning. She went to the hospital, thinking he might be there--but he wasn&rsquo;t. So then she went to his home...and he wasn&rsquo;t there either. As she was running around the neighborhood looking for him, she got a call from her staff at Fenger--the student was at school.</p><p>&ldquo;He got on his crutches and walked here [Fenger], he wanted to make sure he was here for the program that started on Monday...&rdquo; Dozier said. &ldquo;These programs are important to kids; and you would think a kid like that would be at home, in bed or whatever, but no, he&rsquo;s here. Him and his mom came to the school, made sure he was all set to go...and he was here,&rdquo; Dozier marveled.</p><p>But many of those programs may soon be unavailable. Fenger&#39;s federal grant runs out at the end of August.</p><p>Ideally, Bell said, the playing field would be level and all kids would have the same opportunities. But given the reality in Roseland, he said it&rsquo;s better to have had something--even if only temporarily.</p><p>&ldquo;If there&#39;s a shipwreck and there&#39;s 20 people in the water but only 10 spots on the boat...don&#39;t just leave me in the water: take me on the boat, dry me off, feed me, let me be dry for a couple hours then push me back in the water and get somebody else on the boat. I&rsquo;d rather be on the boat for a minute or two than not be in the boat at all,&rdquo; Bell reasoned.</p><p>He said that getting something gives a person a sense that there is something good out there.</p><p>&ldquo;We&#39;re sorry they can&#39;t stay but knowing that there is a moral order that eventually prevails...an ideal where people are treated fairly is important,&rdquo; Bell said.</p><p>And, Bell emphasized, it is important to continue floating life rafts Roseland&#39;s way to help young people&rsquo;s resiliency.</p><p><a href="http://www.sgayouth.org/" target="_blank">SGA Youth and Family Services</a> has implemented over 300 out-of-school-time activities at Fenger over these past few years. SGA&rsquo;s vice president of programs Ron Migalski, said programs like Safe Passages, are part of their proactive approach.</p><p>&ldquo;We will have well over a dozen staff who are going to be strategically positioned between these elementary schools and &lsquo;hot zones,&rsquo;if you will, where high crime areas are. So, if we have staff put in place from a proactive standpoint, we can overcome some of these impending crises that can develop&rdquo; Migalski said.</p><p>SGA said it is committed to creating a cradle-to-career pipeline in Roseland. A couple of years ago, it received the only federally awarded Promise Neighborhoods planning grant in the state.</p><p><a href="http://www2.ed.gov/programs/promiseneighborhoods/index.html" target="_blank">Promise Neighborhoods</a> is a federal program meant to fund community initiatives to keep kids safe and in school. And Migalski said he is hopeful that SGA will be able to continue its work.</p><p>The Promise Neighborhood Implementation Grant is approximately $30 million over six years.</p><p>&ldquo;We&#39;re optimistic and hopeful. We have the support of nearly the entire community, residents, political leaders at the city, state and federal level. We can clearly justify the need why Roseland over any other,&rdquo; Migalski explained.</p><p>And Dozier said shootings like the one that happened this summer further underscore the need.</p><p>&ldquo;(Her student) was getting off a bus at 114th around, like 9 o&rsquo;clock at night, 9:30 at night and someone, two people came up to him, tried to rob him, take his cell phone and his wallet. And he started to run away and they started to shoot and they wound up shooting him in his foot. Is that wrong place, wrong time, can kids be out late? I don&rsquo;t know anymore...I just don&rsquo;t know,&rdquo; Dozier trailed off.</p><p><em>Katie O&rsquo;Brien is a WBEZ producer and reporter. Follow her <a href="http://twitter.com/katieobez" target="_blank">@katieobez</a></em></p><p><strong>Crime around Fenger from Chicago Data Portal</strong></p><div><p style="margin-bottom:3px"><a href="https://data.cityofchicago.org/Public-Safety/Crime-around-Fenger-High-School/ub6r-nhvr" style="font-size:12px;font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;color:#333333;font-family:arial;" target="_blank">Crime around Fenger High School</a></p><iframe frameborder="0" height="646px" scrolling="no" src="https://data.cityofchicago.org/w/ub6r-nhvr/3q3f-6823?cur=oArufQrgQjz&amp;from=qsbvIrRLQIC" title="Crime around Fenger High School" width="760px">&amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;a data-cke-saved-href=&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;https://data.cityofchicago.org/Public-Safety/Crime-around-Fenger-High-School/ub6r-nhvr&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot; href=&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;https://data.cityofchicago.org/Public-Safety/Crime-around-Fenger-High-School/ub6r-nhvr&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot; title=&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;Crime around Fenger High School&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot; target=&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;_blank&amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;&amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;Crime around Fenger High School&amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/a&amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</iframe><p><a href="http://www.socrata.com/" target="_blank">Powered by Socrata</a></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 06 Aug 2013 08:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/programs-keep-kids-streets-during-violent-summer-may-end-108294 Changing Roseland http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-06/changing-roseland-107691 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/26--1955--South_0.jpg" title="1955--Michigan Avenue at 112th Place--view north (CTA photo)" /></div><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/26--2013--Michigan%20%40%20112th%20Place.JPG" title="2013--the same location" /></div></div><p>This section of Michigan Avenue runs along the top of a ridge, and was originally a trail used by the native peoples. In the early 20th Century, the State Street streetcar line was extended via Michigan to 119th Street, and a shopping strip developed. That&#39;s a postwar PCC streetcar in the 1955 photo.</p><p>Gately&#39;s Peoples Store, long a fixture on the Michigan Avenue, closed&nbsp;during the&nbsp;1980s. The streetcars have been replaced by buses, too.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 18 Jun 2013 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-06/changing-roseland-107691 Restoring Roseland: Confronting violence with peaceful practices http://www.wbez.org/series/front-center/restoring-roseland-confronting-violence-peaceful-practices-106651 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/130412_Restorative Justice 1_ko.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>More than 500 homicides were reported in the city of Chicago last year: 361 of the victims were African-American males; 220 were between the ages of 15 and 24.</p><p>In the fall of 2009, Christian Fenger High School became national news after violence took one of its own. A short while later, the school implemented a program that aims to squash America&rsquo;s culture of violence. It&rsquo;s called restorative justice, and for Fenger, it came after a particularly gruesome death.</p><p>One September afternoon, a fight stemming from an earlier gang-related shooting erupted just blocks from the school. Amateur video of the mob-like brawl showed dozens of people hurling punches, kicks, bottles and bricks at one another. Sophomore Derrion Albert was killed. He was the third Chicago Public School student killed, just a few weeks into the school year.</p><p>Senior Gerald Banks was a class behind Albert. He remembered always being on edge his freshman year. Banks recalled news cameras parked outside of the school every morning and fights every day.</p><p>&ldquo;Everybody had their backs turned, making sure nobody was going to swing,&rdquo; Banks remembered.</p><p>Fenger&#39;s Culture and climate specialist Robert Spicer arrived at the school just two weeks before Albert&rsquo;s death. He referred to Albert&rsquo;s death as rock bottom, noting that the school had well over 375 arrests that year.</p><p>&ldquo;A lot of these young people out here shooting and do all that stuff, they don&rsquo;t want to do this,&quot; Spicer explained.&nbsp;&quot;They don&rsquo;t want to carry a gun. But they feel forced to&mdash;because they feel like nobody out here is going to protect them so they have to protect themselves. So the only way they can be heard and respected is if they carry a gun. That&rsquo;s terrible.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>Fenger needed a new approach&mdash;which is exactly what Spicer was brought there to do; and so he started implementing restorative justice.</p><p>Restorative justice is a philosophy that centers around relationships and trust. It seeks to address the needs of the victim, the wrongdoer and the community. It&rsquo;s also about healing: dressing the wounds many of these children leave raw and bare. The ones that eat at them until they&rsquo;re overcome.&nbsp;</p><p>He saw an opportunity for Fenger to be the game changers to, as he put it, &ldquo;show our society that it&rsquo;s possible to go into an urban environment, introduce these practices and be able to bring civility and sanity back into that school, any school.&rdquo;</p><p>Part of this process takes place in the peace room, just down the hall from the Fenger&rsquo;s main office. There, on the floor, in the middle of the room, is a black and white mat. On it rests &rdquo;talking pieces&rdquo; objects of significance to Spicer and the seniors who serve as peer jurors and help lead peace circles. The pieces are things like stuffed animals, a rain stick, a tree stump...when a member of the circle holds the talking piece, it&rsquo;s their time to talk.</p><p>The peace room is where stakeholders in a conflict can come together to have a summit of sorts. Last week, a group of freshman girls gathered there after gossip got a little too close to a fight. With a potential 10-day suspension on the horizon, Spicer rerouted the girls to a peace circle.</p><p>Spicer told them that the circle was their time to be real. Their time to say what was on their minds. Because, as he put it, no one else was going to give them the time&mdash;not the dean and certainly not the real world.</p><p>&ldquo;You know this is not a game,&quot; Spicer warned.&nbsp;&quot;You know what&rsquo;s waiting for you if you decide to take your attitude and go out here and do stupid, silly stuff&mdash;they ready to send you right up out of here. And that world out there, as cold as it is...it&rsquo;s even colder without an education.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>That&rsquo;s the meat and potatoes right there: The object of the game is to get kids back in class. Because a kid with an education is much more likely to survive.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;People who drop out from high school are much more likely to become gang-involved than those (who) do not. And we know that a very, very important predictor of graduating high school is being able to ready by third grade,&rdquo; <a href="http://www.law.yale.edu/faculty/TMeares.htm" target="_blank">Tracey Meares</a>, the Walton Hale Hamilton Professor of Law at Yale Law School, explained.</p><p>Meares&rsquo; research focuses on crime prevention strategies. She spent a great deal of time looking at the city of Chicago, particularly areas of high crime and poverty.</p><p>Meares subscribes to the idea that violence should be treated like a public health issue, more specifically, like a blood-born pathogen. Therefore the best violence-reduction strategy, as Meares described it, is to identify the people who are central to the network of crime, who occupy important places in densely connected networks, and to intervene to try to get them to stop engaging in violence.</p><p>Almost four years into Fenger&rsquo;s philosophical switch, the rate of freshman on track to graduate rose to between 75 and 85 percent, from around 40. Arrests at school were down. So why not put a peace room in every school?</p><p><a href="http://umojacorporation.org/leadership/staff/ilana-zafran/" target="_blank">Ilana Zafran</a> helps implement restorative justice programs in partner schools around Chicago. She said the biggest problem is patience. People want immediate results but changing a culture and restorative justice takestime.</p><p>The other criticism, Zafran explained, is that people want those who have wronged them to be held accountable. Or more intimately, when confronted, to admit their error and apologize. But, she said, sometimes people aren&rsquo;t ready to admit wrongdoing. And that can be hard.</p><p>Back at Fenger, after the talking piece had been round the circle a few times, one of the freshman girls echoed Meares&rsquo; earlier point.</p><p>She explained that while she might be &ldquo;the coolest, funniest short person you know,&rdquo; if someone had a problem with her, she&rsquo;d just avoid them. Because, she shared, her friend&rsquo;s cousin was shot and killed over some &lsquo;he-said-she-said stuff&rsquo;&mdash;and if her friend had been there, she&rsquo;d be gone too. And she wasn&rsquo;t about to lose her life over something as small as all that. She wanted to be sure the group knew, for her, the situation was over. And asked them to let it go.</p><p>The hope is that young people can learn to let go. That they can squash things before they escalate, before someone raises a hand or a gun. Or that they share senior Ana Muniz&rsquo;s philosophy on fighting.</p><p>&ldquo;You need two people to fight&mdash;I&rsquo;m not available. I&rsquo;m never available. If you want to talk,&rdquo; Muniz clarified, &ldquo;I&rsquo;m available to talk.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>Muniz, who was raised in Mexico, said she already took the lessons she&rsquo;s learned to her family back home. She convened peace circles at her younger sister&rsquo;s school. The hope is that peace circles continue to expand and that what&rsquo;s happening at Fenger will continue to create ripples of peace.</p><p dir="ltr" id="internal-source-marker_0.5029294477684348"><em>Katie O&rsquo;Brien is a WBEZ reporter. Follow her <a href="http://twitter.com/katieobez" target="_blank">@katieobez</a></em></p></p> Mon, 15 Apr 2013 11:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/front-center/restoring-roseland-confronting-violence-peaceful-practices-106651 Rally cry for Roseland http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-10/rally-cry-roseland-103428 <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/oldfashionedbox%20Louisa%20Chu.jpg" title="(WBEZ/Louisa Chu)" /></div><p>In November 1972, a man named Buritt Bulloch and his wife Mamie decided to open a business in that far South Side neighborhood known as Roseland. He said, &quot;I had heard that Roseland was a good place for family-run businesses.&quot;</p><p>For decades it had been, a thriving area of working-class prosperity, its stretch of Michigan Avenue was second only to downtown State Street as a shopping mecca: Gately&#39;s Peoples Store, Neisner&rsquo;s, Green&rsquo;s Five and Dime.</p><p>Want some furniture? Get it at Bimrose, Hatten&rsquo;s, Bass, Jordan&rsquo;s.</p><p>A movie? Head on over to the State, Parkway or Roseland theaters&hellip;</p><p>Bakeries? How about Ergo&#39;s or Liberty.</p><p>Taverns? Plenty&hellip;The Venice Inn, Parisi&#39;s, Knotty Pine, Pete &amp; Mames, The Macombo&hellip;</p><p>People in Roseland worked hard and wanted the best for their kids: Two of those kids made it very big.</p><p>Dennis DeYoung formed the band that would be Styx, and sell some 40 million albums, in a band that began in Roseland garage.</p><p>My guest later in the show, Robert Zemeckis, director of such films as <em>Back to the Future</em>, <em>Forrest Gump</em>, <em>Cast Away</em> and F<em>light</em>, opening next Friday, shot home movies as a kid in Roseland.</p><p>But things change; and by the time Bullouch and his wife moved into Roseland in 1972, it was on the downward spiral that now finds it one of the city&rsquo;s beaten up sections, punctuated by violence, peppered with abandoned homes&hellip;slim on opportunity.</p><p>But as in many other of the city&rsquo;s downtrodden areas&mdash;Austin, Englewood come quickly to mind&mdash;there are good and honest and hard-working people in Roseland. And there are always signs of hope.</p><p>Bulloch&rsquo;s business is still there, at 11248 S. Michigan Ave. Bulloch&#39;s business was and is making doughnuts and there are those who will tell you that Old Fashioned Doughnuts makes the best.</p><p>Naturally, Bulloch likes to hear such praise.</p><p>He says: &quot;I have a lot of loyal customers. A lot of people who moved away still come back here for their doughnuts.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>From the beginning Bulloch also operated a grill, serving hot dogs, hamburgers and other food; he also has shakes and ice cream.</p><p>Why? &quot;Some people, they don&#39;t have as big a taste for doughnuts when it&#39;s 95 degrees.&quot;</p><p>Bulloch is a native of northern Mississippi. He learned to make doughnuts during the many years he worked here for the Amy Joy Company. He saved his money. He opened his shop. Unlike many small business owners, Bulloch is not resentful of the larger chains that cut into their territory.</p><p>He says: &quot;Oh, that Dunkin&#39; Donuts was around here long before I opened. They make a pretty good doughnut. And even that Krispy Kreme, they started a long time ago in the South.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>Krispy Kreme has all but destroyed Bulloch&#39;s once-thriving business with local schools, which used to buy dozens of his doughnuts for fund raisers.</p><p>&quot;But that&#39;s okay,&quot; Bulloch says. &quot;They don&#39;t make a bad doughnut but some people think they are sort of on the small side.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>Bulloch&#39;s doughnuts are comparatively huge and as good as you will find anywhere. That&#39;s the reason he sells 200 dozen a day.&nbsp;</p><p>His secret?&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Just hard work, I guess,&quot; he says.</p></p> Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-10/rally-cry-roseland-103428