WBEZ | Sudan http://www.wbez.org/tags/sudan Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Obama in Africa, White House Down and Sudan's Lost Boys take the stage http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-06-28/obama-africa-white-house-down-and-sudans-lost-boys-take-stage-107895 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP612028614400.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We discuss what President Obama&#39;s trip to Africa could mean for US relations with the continent. Then, Milos Stehlik offers a glimpse of new action thriller &quot;White House Down.&quot; Plus, we explore weekend events with an international theme.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F98870967&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-obama-in-africa-white-house-down-and-sud.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-obama-in-africa-white-house-down-and-sud" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Obama in Africa, White House Down and Sudan's Lost Boys take the stage" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Fri, 28 Jun 2013 10:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-06-28/obama-africa-white-house-down-and-sudans-lost-boys-take-stage-107895 South Sudan: One year after independence http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-07-11/south-sudan-one-year-after-independence-100801 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/south sudan.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Expectations were high one year ago when South Sudan gained independence. Many are optimistic about the direction of the country, but many also believe the fledgling country has failed to live up to expectations. Ethnic conflict in Jonglei State has killed hundreds on the border with Sudan. South Sudan&rsquo;s government is also in the midst of a huge corruption scandal. And war with Sudan to the north is always a lurking possibility.</p><p>Chicagoan Kenneth Elisapana is originally from Southern Sudan. He&rsquo;s the founder of an organization called <a href="http://www.southsudanhope.org/" target="_blank">South Sudan Voices of Hope for Relief and Development</a>, which runs a number of development projects in the country. He&rsquo;s currently in Juba and helps Worldview look back at the past year.</p></p> Mon, 09 Jul 2012 11:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-07-11/south-sudan-one-year-after-independence-100801 Despite South Sudan’s independence, confrontations with the North persist http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-21/despite-south-sudan%E2%80%99s-independence-confrontations-north-persist-97499 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-March/2012-03-21/AP120201096746.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>South Sudan gained independence in a referendum last July. But now, with 400,000 people displaced and starving, unresolved issues could lead to a third Sudanese civil war. <em>Worldview </em>talks with Douglas H. Johnson, a scholar specializing in&nbsp; Sudan.&nbsp; Johnson was an member of the Abyei Boundary Commission&nbsp; The commission was a dispute resolution mechanism. It drew a boundary in the disputed South Kordofan in 2005. It was ignored by&nbsp; Sudan and South Sudan and that’s where the displacement and fighting is taking place today.&nbsp; Johnson tells <em>Worldview</em> what's happening in the region right now.</p></p> Wed, 21 Mar 2012 14:44:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-21/despite-south-sudan%E2%80%99s-independence-confrontations-north-persist-97499 Worldview 3.21.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-21 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-march/2012-03-21/ap120319042947.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Sudanese <a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/b/omar_hassan_al_bashir/index.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">President Omar al-Bashir</a> and South Sudan’s <a href="http://www.goss.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">President Salva Kiir</a> will meet early next month for just the second time since South Sudan’s independence last year. The meeting comes amidst a simmering humanitarian crisis along the border. <em>Worldview</em> gets an update from Sudan expert Douglas Johnson, who was recently in the war-torn country. Also, according to the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Throwaway Children, some 90 percent of all children and youth trafficked for commercial sex in the United States are U.S. citizens. <a href="http://www.globalfundforchildren.org/about-us/people/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Kristin Lindsey</a>, CEO of The Global Fund for Children and <a href="http://www.challengingheights.org/history.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">James Kofi Annan</a>, founder of <a href="http://www.challengingheights.org/index.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Challenging Heights</a>, based in Accra, Ghana tell <em>Worldview </em>why these kids are at risk. And, last week a Ugandan gay rights group filed a lawsuit in the U.S. against American evangelist <a href="http://www.defendthefamily.com/_docs/resources/1139692.pdf" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Scott Lively</a>. The lawsuit alleges that Lively conspired to deprive LGBT Ugandans of their human rights through his anti-gay rhetoric and ties with Ugandan leaders. We’ll speak with attorneys for both sides. <a href="http://ccrjustice.org/about-us/staff-board/pamela-spees" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Pam Spees</a> from the <a href="http://ccrjustice.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Center for Constitutional Rights</a> represents the plaintiffs. <a href="http://law.liberty.edu/index.cfm?PID=11575" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Mathew Staver</a>, dean of <a href="http://law.liberty.edu/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Liberty University’s School of Law</a>, represents Scott Lively.&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 21 Mar 2012 13:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-21 South Sudanese Chicagoan shares his feelings on independence for South Sudan http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/south-sudanese-chicagoan-shares-his-feelings-independence-south-sudan-88 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-11/AP110709121682.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>South Sudan became the world’s newest nation last Saturday. It’s taken nearly 50 years. Some two million people died in the struggle that led to Saturday’s festivities. Chicagoan Kenneth Elisapana joined in the celebration from Chicago. He fled his country’s civil war in 1992 and has worked to rebuild Southern Sudan since. He’s with us to talk about what this moment means to him.&nbsp; Kenneth is the founder of <a href="http://www.southsudanhope.org/%20">South Sudan Voices of Hope</a> for Relief and Development.</p></p> Mon, 11 Jul 2011 16:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/south-sudanese-chicagoan-shares-his-feelings-independence-south-sudan-88 What lies ahead for Sudan after referendum http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-18/what-lies-ahead-sudan-after-referendum-83926 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-March/2011-03-18/108022380.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Scores of villagers have died in recent fighting in southern <a href="http://www.hrw.org/en/africa/sudan">Sudan</a> despite the presence of 10,000 U.N. troops mandated with protecting civilians. Now, internal documents say U.N. officials have ordered peacekeepers not to operate in areas where civilians may be at risk. The uptick in violence comes two months after a referendum where voters in Southern Sudan casted ballots overwhelmingly in favor of creating a new state of their own. We&rsquo;ll get the latest on Sudan from <a href="http://www.hrw.org/en/bios/jehanne-henry-0" target="_blank">Jehanne Henry</a>, a senior researcher in the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch.</p></p> Fri, 18 Mar 2011 17:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-18/what-lies-ahead-sudan-after-referendum-83926 Confirmed: Southern Sudanese Voted For Independence http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/2011-02-07/confirmed-southern-sudanese-voted-independence-81912 <p><p>"Election officials say the final results from last month's vote in Southern Sudan show that more than 98 percent of the ballots were cast for independence," the Associated Press reports from Juba, Sudan.</p><p>It adds that: "The results mean that Southern Sudan will become the world's newest country in July. Sudan President Omar Al-Bashir said Monday he accepts the outcome of the vote."</p><p>As NPR's <a href="http://www.npr.org/2011/02/01/133374383/in-southern-sudan-new-nation-begins-from-scratch" target="_blank">Frank Langfitt has previously reported</a>, "now comes the hard part: building a new state after decades of war." Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit <a href="http://www.npr.org/">http://www.npr.org/</a>.<img src="http://metrics.npr.org/b/ss/nprapidev/5/1297106237?&gn=Confirmed%3A+Southern+Sudanese+Voted+For+Independence&ev=event2&ch=103943429&h1=Omar+Al-Bashir,Southern+Sudan,Foreign+News,Sudan,The+Two-Way,Africa,World,Home+Page+Top+Stories,News&c3=D%3Dgn&v3=D%3Dgn&c4=133568364&c7=1025&v7=D%3Dc7&c18=1025&v18=D%3Dc18&c19=20110207&v19=D%3Dc19&c20=1&v20=D%3Dc20&c45=MDA0OTc2MjAwMDEyNjk0NDE4OTI2NmUwNQ001"/></p></p> Mon, 07 Feb 2011 12:44:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/2011-02-07/confirmed-southern-sudanese-voted-independence-81912 Global Notes: Sudanese rapper Emmanuel Jal pushes non-violence http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/global-notes-sudanese-rapper-emmanuel-jal-pushes-non-violence <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/ej.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>While the vote to determine whether southern Sudan becomes an independent country continues, Jerome and <a href="http://www.wbez.org/radio-m">Radio M</a> host Tony Sarabia examine the work of one of Sudan&rsquo;s most celebrated young artists. In this week's <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalnotes">Global Notes</a> we take a look at the rapper, peace activist and former child soldier Emmanuel Jal.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>Track List:<br /></em></p><p><em>1. We Want Peace<br />2. Gua<br />3. Baai<br />4. 50 Cent<br />5. Mother<br />6. War Child</em></p><object width="560" height="340"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/g1ZEJWVSiEI?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed width="560" height="340" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/g1ZEJWVSiEI?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true"></embed></object><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 12 Jan 2011 16:36:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/global-notes-sudanese-rapper-emmanuel-jal-pushes-non-violence As Southern Sudan Prepares To Vote, Some Background http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/southern-sudan-prepares-vote-some-background <p><p>One of the stories to watch this weekend will be the independence vote in Southern Sudan.</p><p>NPR's Frank Langfitt, who has been covering the story, reported on<em> Morning Edition </em>today that "the week of polling [which starts Sunday] may be the easy part.  If Southern Sudan votes for independence -- as expected -- <a href="http://www.npr.org/2011/01/07/132714234/independence-vote-first-step-for-southern-sudan" target="_blank">huge challenges lie ahead</a>."</p><p>Among them: "Southern Sudan is nearly the size of Texas, but has hardly any paved roads. Corruption is rampant and illiteracy hovers around 60 percent."</p><p>Then there's the potential for violence from militias loyal to leaders in the country's north and south. <a href="http://www.npr.org/2011/01/05/132685309/U-S-Diplomats-Fan-Out-Over-Sudan-Ahead-Of-Vote" target="_blank">NPR's Michele Kelemen reported earlier this week</a> that U.S. diplomats are optimistic that things will go smoothly.</p><p>The <em>PBS NewsHour</em> has <a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/01/sudan-referendum-3.html" target="_blank">a Q&A about the vote posted here</a>. Jonathan Temin, senior program officer on Sudan at the U.S. Institute of Peace, tells the <em>NewsHour </em>that "likely will be some local violence around the referendum process, as Sudan can be a violent place, but what will be essential is not allowing that local violence to escalate and become politicized. Ultimately, it is up to the leaders in northern and southern Sudan to ensure that doesn't happen." Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit <a href="http://www.npr.org/">http://www.npr.org/</a>.<img src="http://metrics.npr.org/b/ss/nprapidev/5/1294427541?&gn=As+Southern+Sudan+Prepares+To+Vote%2C+Some+Background&ev=event2&ch=103943429&h1=Sudan,Foreign+News,The+Two-Way,Africa,World,Home+Page+Top+Stories,News&c3=D%3Dgn&v3=D%3Dgn&c4=132740938&c7=1001&v7=D%3Dc7&c18=1001&v18=D%3Dc18&c19=20110107&v19=D%3Dc19&c20=1&v20=D%3Dc20&c31=132740962,127602464,103943429,132735447,127602464,103943429,132732575,132732573,127602464,103943429,127413671,94427042,93559255,125399511,125399052,97635953,120170830&v31=D%3Dc31&c45=MDA0OTc2MjAwMDEyNjk0NDE4OTI2NmUwNQ001"/></p></p> Fri, 07 Jan 2011 13:10:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/southern-sudan-prepares-vote-some-background Chicago's South Sudanese ready for a new nation http://www.wbez.org/story/afaf-gubara-ahmed/chicagos-south-sudanese-ready-new-nation <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/jacob.JPG" alt="" /><p><div>Southern Sudanese are gearing up to realize the dream of independence that many have held for years &ndash; and those that call Chicago their home are ready to help. Starting Sunday, southern Sudanese around the world will vote on whether to make their region Africa&rsquo;s newest country, or to remain united with the north. But just as those in the Chicago region are euphoric, their northern compatriots fear that splitting the country could bring more strife.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Though it feels a million miles away from Sudan, Chicago&rsquo;s Lakeview neighborhood is a regional epicenter of referendum activity. In a modern-looking office retail space on Ashland Ave., southern Sudanese from across the Midwest have been coming to register to vote. &ldquo;It's been nice because we've seen a lot of families come in,&rdquo; said center coordinator Sameera Ali.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The center is one of eight in the United States, and Ali said it can handle up to 4,000 voters. Though it hasn&rsquo;t seen anywhere near that number, Ali said many southern Sudanese in neighboring states have driven up to 10 hours each way just to register. &ldquo;It's been really exciting for the parents to show the children that they've been able to participate in this historic process,&rdquo; said Ali. Those registrants will have to repeat the long trips next week, to cast their ballots.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Southern Sudanese have been waiting for this moment since 2005, when the northern government and southern rebels hashed out the <a href="http://www.aec-sudan.org/cpa.html">Comprehensive Peace Agreement</a>. The agreement ended a long civil war, and established a process to strengthen democracy and share more of the country's oil wealth. It also gave southerners an out: In 2011, they would be able to decide whether to remain part of Sudan, or to split off and make a country of their own.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The trick, said Ali, is to verify that registrants are actually from the south of Sudan, since only southerners may vote in the referendum. &ldquo;Questions will be asked about lineage, about where they lived, there are also basic family questions that are asked,&rdquo; said Ali. So far, nobody has been turned away.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The conflict in Sudan arose from of decades of forced assimilation. After the country achieved independence from colonists in 1956, Sudan&rsquo;s government tried to make southerners more like northerners: Islamic and Arabic-speaking. Southern Sudan is tribal, mostly Christian or animist, and its people have darker skin, and speak other languages. The result of the conflict was two bloody civil wars and increasing international pressure on the northern regime to relinquish the south.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Once registrants prove they are from the south, each receives a laminated voter card, and dips his index finger into a bottle of purple ink. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s pretty,&rdquo; said Jacob Atem, as he held his out. Atem came in just under the wire &ndash; he arrived at the center near closing time on the last day of registration. He and his cousin had driven four hours from Michigan, took less than 10 minutes to register, and then readied themselves for the long drive back. But Atem said it was worth it.&nbsp;&ldquo;It's up to me, Jacob, to decide can I be a first-class citizen of Southern Sudan, or can I be the second-class citizen in the Sudan,&rdquo; said Atem. &ldquo;So this ink tells me that yes, I will be the first(-class) citizen in Southern Sudan.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Atem is one of Sudan's &ldquo;Lost Boys.&rdquo; Both his parents were killed by northern militias during Sudan's second civil war. Like thousands of young orphaned boys, Atem was granted refugee status and relocated to the U.S. in 2001. But Atem dreams of going back to the place where he was born. &ldquo;I'm getting my PhD in health education. Guess what? Where am I going to operate? Well, here, we've got so many PhD's in America, I'm willing to go back to help,&rdquo; he said. Atem plans to open a clinic in southern Sudan to address pregnancy-related deaths. Southern Sudan has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>But Atem believes he, and others in the diaspora, can contribute more to a new country than just their formal education. &ldquo;I am proud as an American, that I will go and help them and preaching the democracy,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;Thank God I understand the American system, and that's what we can apply. We got all the knowledge. In Australia, in Canada, here, everywhere.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Atem&rsquo;s optimism, however, is countered by others who say southern Sudanese may not realize the full difficulty of nation-building. &ldquo;The real danger in the south is that they do become like Somalia,&rdquo; said Northwestern University Political Science professor William Reno. Reno fears optimism about independence may be the <i>only</i> glue that holds southern Sudanese together right now. &ldquo;There are an awful lot of political divisions within the south itself,&rdquo; said Reno. &ldquo;And in fact, this has even erupted into fighting amongst southern forces in the past. So when it becomes an independent country, what guarantee is there that these factions will not re-emerge?&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Others argue that an independent Southern Sudan won&rsquo;t even guarantee an end to fighting between the north and the south. Afaf Gubara Ahmed, a northern Sudanese who now lives in Chicago, is terrified about what the vote could bring to the oil-rich areas along the border. &ldquo;Probably it will start the war there,&rdquo; she said.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Ahmed herself feels betrayed by her southern brethren. &ldquo;If South Sudan goes right now, for me, they let the rest of Sudan down,&rdquo; said Ahmed. Though she was a northerner, Ahmed sympathizes with the southern Sudanese and joined their resistance movement years ago. She said back then, the <a href="http://www.splmtoday.com/">Sudan People's Liberation Movement</a> was not fighting for an independent South: They fought for ideals that would benefit the whole country -- freedom, democracy, and equality. &ldquo;I don't know why they have to go. Why we don't just put our hands together and change our country? Why not?,&rdquo; she said.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Ahmed said a separate south will make the northern regime even stronger, and will leave other persecuted minorities, like those in the Darfur region, in the dust. She also worries that it will cement Islamic law throughout the remaining north. Ahmed points to a YouTube video that incited international condemnation last month, which showed Sudanese police laughing as they whipped a woman publicly.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Ahmed says the worst part about the vote is that she poured her own time, sweat and tears in fighting alongside her southern brothers and sisters, but now they seem to have forgotten about her and others that oppose Sudan's government. She's just a voiceless northerner, she said, not even allowed to vote.</div></p> Thu, 06 Jan 2011 22:25:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/afaf-gubara-ahmed/chicagos-south-sudanese-ready-new-nation