WBEZ | United States http://www.wbez.org/tags/united-states Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en U.S. considers cooperation with Iran on Iraq http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-17/us-considers-cooperation-iran-iraq-110356 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP532083909282.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Insurgents in Iraq are pushing toward Baghdad and taking cities as they go. In response, President Obama is meeting with national security advisers to consider his options to stabilize the country, which may include talks with Iran.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-considers-cooperation-with-iran-on-i/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-considers-cooperation-with-iran-on-i.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-considers-cooperation-with-iran-on-i" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: U.S. considers cooperation with Iran on Iraq" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 17 Jun 2014 11:26:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-17/us-considers-cooperation-iran-iraq-110356 U.S. Soccer fans look toward the future of the sport http://www.wbez.org/news/us-soccer-fans-look-toward-future-sport-110351 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/USA1_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In Chicago&rsquo;s Logan Square neighborhood, a group of twenty-somethings is playing soccer on artificial turf made slippery by a gentle falling rain. &nbsp;It&rsquo;s just after 9 p.m. as the group takes a break and talks about the U.S. team. The conversation isn&rsquo;t about who&rsquo;s in the starting lineup. It&rsquo;s more about who&rsquo;s not on this year&rsquo;s U.S. World Cup team: star forward Landon Donovan.</p><p>The future of U.S. soccer is a popular talking point. Nine of the roster&rsquo;s 23 players are 25 or younger. Everyone&rsquo;s eyes are on the team&rsquo;s coach, former German striker Jurgen Klinsmann. Depending on how the U.S. performs, he&rsquo;ll either be criticized for cutting the most popular U.S. soccer star or hailed for a genius move.</p><p>At Small Bar on Division, U.S. fans gathered to watch their team play Azerbaijan in a friendly pre World Cup game. Here&rsquo;s where you&rsquo;ll find the Chicago chapter of the American Outlaws. It&rsquo;s</p><p>the biggest booster club for the U.S team, boasting 18,000 members around the country. Super fan Kevin Harris is disappointed Donovan won&rsquo;t be on the team, but says that move won&rsquo;t be a big part of the Klinsmann&rsquo;s legacy.</p><p>&ldquo;He was brought in to help with the youth program, academies, things like that,&rdquo; says Harris. &ldquo;So we have this funnel of young players that are coming in that can then take over and join a squad.&rdquo;</p><p>Major League Baseball has the minors to get new talent. The NFL and NBA get young prospects from colleges. That kind of set up doesn&rsquo;t exist for soccer. Klinsmann wants to develop a system to build &nbsp;stronger learning centers, so-called academies, to improve soccer training.</p><p>Ultimately, Klinsmann wants to create an academy system to create the next team for the World Cup.</p><p>A few would-be soccer stars gather under the hot sun at Toyota Park to watch the Chicago Fire practice. The group of 10 and 11 year olds traveled from New Orleans. They&rsquo;re part of the Fire&rsquo;s youth development league. The Fire has 10 clubs in 7 states. This team, the Louisiana Fire, is not only watching how the MLS players do their thing. The kids are getting a workout of their own, getting drilled by academy coaches. After a sweaty scrimmage, the boy surround Fire players like Victor Pineda.</p><p>&ldquo;I can relate. I still have signed balls and shirts at home,&rdquo; says Pineda as he signs autographs for kids who turn quiet and shy around the Fire player. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s awesome. Something you&rsquo;ll remember forever.&rdquo;</p><p>Pineda is from Chicago and he&rsquo;s one of the Fire&rsquo;s homegrown academy players. &nbsp;He&rsquo;s a 21 year old midfielder with the Fire, but he hasn&rsquo;t seen much playing time yet. Years ago, he tried out for the under 17 World Cup but was cut from the final squad.</p><p>&ldquo;When you don&#39;t&rsquo; make a team like that I think it makes you work harder and want it even more,&rdquo; he says.</p><p>With players his age in the World Cup, reaching the pinnacle of the sport, Pineda says being with the Fire is great because he gets to live out the same dreams kids from Louisiana, Chicago &nbsp;and around the globe hope to experience one day.</p><p>&ldquo;I&rsquo;ve been playing since I was five. So I don&rsquo;t have a reason to give up now. So I think I just want to keep working.&rdquo;</p><p><em>Follow WBEZ Host/Producer Yolanda Perdomo on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/yolandanews">@yolandanews</a><u>&nbsp;and</u>&nbsp;<a href="https://plus.google.com/u/0/106564114685277342468/posts/p/pub">Google+</a></em></p><p style="margin-left:.5in;">&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jun 2014 11:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/us-soccer-fans-look-toward-future-sport-110351 A new potential path forward in Syria, women's issues in India and Chicago youth clean up city http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-10/new-potential-path-forward-syria-womens-issues-india-and-chicago-youth <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP41580686969.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>George Lopez joins us to talk about a potential diplomatic path forward with Syria. We talk about women&#39;s issues in India. Plus, we get to know Nicole Brandon, founder and president of Project Y.E.S. (Youth Earth Savers).</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F109750361&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-analyzing-a-potential-path-forward-in-sy/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-analyzing-a-potential-path-forward-in-sy.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-analyzing-a-potential-path-forward-in-sy" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: A new potential path forward in Syria, women's issues in India and Bangladesh and Chicago youth clean up city" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 10 Sep 2013 10:54:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-10/new-potential-path-forward-syria-womens-issues-india-and-chicago-youth Dissecting Congressional views on Syria, freedom flotilla heads to West Papua and selling attack helicopters http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-09/dissecting-congressional-views-syria-freedom-flotilla-heads-west-papua <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP715900251989.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The U.S. Congress takes up the resolution on Syria. A boat draws attention to the West Papuan independence movement. The U.S. Department of Defense agrees to sell attack helicopters to the Indonesian military.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F109587897&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-dissecting-congressional-views-on-syria/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-dissecting-congressional-views-on-syria.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-dissecting-congressional-views-on-syria" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Dissecting Congressional views on Syria, freedom flotilla heads to West Papua and selling attack helicopters" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 09 Sep 2013 11:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-09/dissecting-congressional-views-syria-freedom-flotilla-heads-west-papua US-Russia relations, the international film festival circuit and Chicago performance art goes global http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-06/us-russia-relations-international-film-festival-circuit-and-chicago <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP837257443232.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Carnegie Endowment&rsquo;s Andrew Weiss analyzes the state of U.S-Russia relations. The international film festival season is off and running. We take a look at which festival matters most these days. Plus, this weekend&#39;s local events take us to Latin America and Europe.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F109182621&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-us-russia-relations-the-international-fi/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-us-russia-relations-the-international-fi.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-us-russia-relations-the-international-fi" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: US-Russia relations, the international film festival circuit and Chicago performance art goes global" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Fri, 06 Sep 2013 10:58:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-06/us-russia-relations-international-film-festival-circuit-and-chicago Scant foreign support for U.S. strikes on Syria http://www.wbez.org/news/scant-foreign-support-us-strikes-syria-108575 <p><p>WASHINGTON &nbsp;&mdash; President Barack Obama is poised to become the first U.S. leader in three decades to attack a foreign nation without mustering broad international support or acting in direct defense of Americans.</p><p>Not since 1983, when President Ronald Reagan ordered an invasion of the Caribbean island of Grenada, has the U.S. been so alone in pursing major lethal military action beyond a few attacks responding to strikes or threats against its citizens.</p><p>It&#39;s a policy turnabout for Obama, a Democrat who took office promising to limit U.S. military intervention and, as a candidate, said the president &quot;does not have power under the Constitution to unilaterally authorize a military attack in a situation that does not involve stopping an actual or imminent threat to the nation.&quot;</p><p>But over the last year Obama has warned Syrian President Bashar Assad that his government&#39;s use of chemical weapons in its two-year civil war would be a &quot;red line&quot; that would provoke a strong U.S. response.</p><p>So far, only France has indicated it would join a U.S. strike on Syria.</p><p>Without widespread backing from allies, &quot;the nature of the threat to the American national security has to be very, very clear,&quot; said retired Army Brig. Gen. Charles Brower, an international studies professor at Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Va.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s the urgency of that threat that would justify the exploitation of that power as commander in chief &mdash; you have to make a very, very strong case for the clear and gathering danger argument to be able to go so aggressively,&quot; Brower said Friday.</p><p>Obama is expected to launch what officials have described as a limited strike &mdash; probably with Tomahawk cruise missiles &mdash; against Assad&#39;s forces.</p><p>Two days after the suspected chemicals weapons attack in Damascus suburbs, Obama told CNN, &quot;If the U.S. goes in and attacks another country without a U.N. mandate and without clear evidence that can be presented, then there are questions in terms of whether international law supports it; do we have the coalition to make it work?&quot; He said: &quot;Those are considerations that we have to take into account.&quot;</p><p>Lawmakers briefed on the plans have indicated an attack is all but certain. And Obama advisers said the president was prepared to strike unilaterally, though France has said it is ready to commit forces to an operation in Syria because the use of chemical weapons cannot go unpunished.</p><p>The U.S. does not have United Nations support to strike Syria, and U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has urged restraint. &quot;Diplomacy should be given a chance and peace given a chance,&quot; he said Thursday.</p><p>Expected support from Britain, a key ally, evaporated as Parliament rejected a vote Thursday endorsing military action in Syria. And diplomats with the 22-nation Arab League said the organization does not support military action without U.N. consent, an action that Russia would almost certainly block. The diplomats spoke anonymously because of rules preventing them from being identified.</p><p>&quot;Presidents always need to be prepared to go at it alone,&quot; said Rudy deLeon, who was a senior Defense Department official in the Clinton administration.</p><p>&quot;The uninhibited use of the chemical weapons is out there, and that&#39;s a real problem,&quot; said deLeon, now senior vice president of security and international policy at the liberal-leaning Center for American Progress in Washington. &quot;It can&#39;t be ignored, and it certainly creates a dilemma. I think (Obama) had to make the red-line comment, and so Syria has acted in a very irresponsible way.&quot;</p><p>The nearly nine-year war in Iraq that began in 2003, which Obama termed &quot;dumb&quot; because it was based on false intelligence, has encouraged global skittishness about Western military intervention in the Mideast. &quot;There&#39;s no doubt that the intelligence on Iraq is still on everybody&#39;s mind,&quot; deLeon said.</p><p>Both Republican George H.W. Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton had U.N. approval for nearly all of their attacks on Iraq years earlier. Even in the 2003 invasion, which was ordered by Republican George W. Bush, 48 nations supported the military campaign as a so-called coalition of the willing. Four nations &mdash; the U.S., Britain, Australia and Poland &mdash; participated in the invasion.</p><p>The U.S. has relied on NATO at least three times to give it broad foreign support for military missions: in bombarding Bosnia in 1994 and 1995, attacking Kosovo with airstrikes in 1999 and invading Afghanistan in 2001.</p><p>Only a few times has the U.S. acted unilaterally &mdash; and only then to respond to attacks or direct threats against Americans.</p><p>In 1986, Reagan joined ordered airstrikes on Libya to punish then-leader Moammar Gadhafi for the bombing of a Berlin dance club that killed two U.S soldiers and wounded 79 other Americans.</p><p>Three years later, George H.W. Bush invaded Panama after dictator Manuel Noriega declared war on the U.S. when his drug-trafficking regime was slapped with crippling American sanctions. The invasion began four days after a U.S. Marine was killed in a shooting in Panama City.</p><p>Clinton ordered a missile strike against Iraq in 1993 as payback for an assassination against the elder Bush. And in 1998, Clinton attacked al-Qaida bases in Sudan and Afghanistan to retaliate against U.S. Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania that killed more than 200 people.</p><p>Obama approved the 2011 raid that killed Osama bin Laden, who had been considered a threat potentially going back to the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 U.S. troops living there. Additionally, the U.S. has launched hundreds of deadly drone strikes on suspected al-Qaida havens, mostly in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Yemen during the presidencies of Obama and George W. Bush.</p><p>All other major U.S. military attacks since the 1983 Grenada invasion have been sanctioned by the United Nations. That includes the 2011 missile strikes that Obama ordered against Libya as part of a coalition to protect that nation&#39;s citizens by enforcing a no-fly zone against Gadhafi forces.</p><p>Even the Grenada invasion had some international support. Six Caribbean island countries asked for U.S. intervention, which the Reagan administration said was legal under the charter of the Organization of American States. But the invasion was roundly criticized by Britain, Canada and the U.N.</p><p>Making the case Friday for the strikes, Secretary of State John Kerry noted that Turkey, France and Australia have condemned the suspected chemical attacks and said &quot;we are not alone in our will to do something about it and to act.&quot;</p><p>&quot;As previous storms in history have gathered, when unspeakable crimes were within our power to stop them, we have been warned against the temptations of looking the other way,&quot; Kerry said. &quot;History is full of leaders who have warned against inaction, indifference and especially against silence when it mattered most.&quot;</p><p>He added: &quot;It matters here if nothing is done. It matters if the world speaks out in condemnation and then nothing happens.&quot;</p><p>Some lawmakers in Obama&#39;s party hedged in supporting an attack with little foreign backup.</p><p>&quot;The impact of such a strike would be weakened if it does not have the participation and support of a large number of nations, including Arab nations,&quot; Senate Armed Services chairman Carl Levin, a Democrat, said Friday.</p></p> Fri, 30 Aug 2013 16:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/scant-foreign-support-us-strikes-syria-108575 U.S. considers military action in Syria and empowering girls in Niger http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-08-29/us-considers-military-action-syria-and-empowering-girls-niger-108560 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP232590699012.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The U.S. considers intervention in Syria but the American is wary. Leslie Natzke explains what her organization, Expanding Lives, is doing to try to develop young women into leaders in West Africa.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F107868022&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-public-opinion-on-syrian-intervention-an/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-public-opinion-on-syrian-intervention-an.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-public-opinion-on-syrian-intervention-an" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: U.S. considers military action in Syria and empowering girls in Niger" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 29 Aug 2013 11:42:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-08-29/us-considers-military-action-syria-and-empowering-girls-niger-108560 Terror alerts, Senators McCain and Graham go to Egypt and Ramadan comes to a close http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-08-06/terror-alerts-senators-mccain-and-graham-go-egypt-and-ramadan-comes <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP756814503407.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We discuss Sens. John McCain and Lindsey Graham&#39;s agenda in Egypt. The U.S. and U.K. perceive Yemen as a possible terror threat. Radio Islam&#39;s founder Imam Malik Mujahid explains why he thinks the end of Ramadan has no link to potential terrorist acts.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F104298753&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-senators-mccain-and-graham-go-to-egypt-a.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-senators-mccain-and-graham-go-to-egypt-a" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Terror alerts, Senators McCain and Graham go to Egypt and Ramadan comes to a close" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Tue, 06 Aug 2013 11:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-08-06/terror-alerts-senators-mccain-and-graham-go-egypt-and-ramadan-comes On Presidents' Day, comparing national holidays around the world http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-02-18/presidents-day-comparing-national-holidays-around-world-105590 <p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F79823063&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>In the United States, we have 10 public holidays, including today, Presidents&rsquo; Day.</p><p>That&rsquo;s about an average number if you consider the world over. But, for wealthier, industrialized countries, it&rsquo;s actually slightly below average.</p><p>But it is hard to make much of a judgment on a country based on how many holidays it has.</p><p>Based on a <a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2073511/Workers-UK-fewest-public-holidays-Europe-generous-statutory-holiday-entitlement.html" target="_blank">2011 study</a> done of <a href="http://www.mercer.com/press-releases/holiday-entitlements-around-the-world" target="_blank">62 major industrialized countries</a>, the country with the most public holidays is Colombia, with 18. Colombia has a reputation for being a pretty conservative country.&nbsp; But <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/ABC_Univision/News/guess-country-holidays/story?id=17388505" target="_blank">according to ABC News</a>, in the last year or two, Colombia has been passed by its fellow South American country, Argentina, which is developing a markedly left-wing reputation.&nbsp; Under Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, the country now has 19 public holidays.</p><p>But even some countries known as being left wing have fewer holidays than the U.S.&nbsp; For instance, Communist <a href="http://www.qppstudio.net/publicholidays2013/cuba.htm" target="_blank">Cuba</a> has only 9, along with more leftist or liberal countries like Ecuador, Denmark, Switzerland, and Canada. The Netherlands and the United Kingdom both have only 8.</p><p>Yet, some of the world&rsquo;s most repressive countries actually have more public holidays than we do. Most of them weren&rsquo;t covered by that 2011 study, but I did a little checking myself.</p><p>A lot of countries have holidays that are confined to specific regions, ethnic groups, or religions. Sometimes, there will be government holidays not always acknowledged by the private sector.&nbsp; Nevertheless, the results are still surprising.</p><p>Iran, a Shi&rsquo;ite Islam religious theocracy, has <a href="http://www.qppstudio.net/publicholidays2013/iraq.htm" target="_blank">as many as 18 public holidays</a>.&nbsp; And the country with the most holidays I found anywhere in the world was Saudi Arabia, Iran&rsquo;s Sunni nemesis, with <a href="http://www.saudiembassy.net/about/country-information/facts_and_figures/" target="_blank">as many as</a> <a href="http://www.qppstudio.net/publicholidays2013/saudi_arabia.htm" target="_blank">22 government holidays</a> every year in some regions.</p><p>A lot of these days come from two Muslim holidays that take multiple days, and are observed throughout the Middle East. (Which is why Lebanon rates so high in the 2011 study, with 16 public holidays).</p><p>But it&rsquo;s not just in the Middle East.&nbsp; In Asia, one country with a surprisingly strong showing is none other than international pariah North Korea, arguably the most repressive government anywhere in the world right now, with <a href="http://www.qppstudio.net/publicholidays2013/north_korea.htm" target="_blank">no fewer than 20 public holidays every year</a>, according to one source.</p><p>Even <a href="http://www.qppstudio.net/publicholidays2013/belarus.htm" target="_blank">Belarus</a> narrowly beats the United States, with 11 public holidays to our 10.</p><p>So, the level of freedom, liberalism, conservatism, or economic prosperity has, in the end, very little to do with how many days a year people get to take a break.&nbsp; So, when you&rsquo;re annoyed to find your bank closed today, just think: in some countries, where the quality of life is far worse than here, it happens even more often.</p></p> Mon, 18 Feb 2013 15:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-02-18/presidents-day-comparing-national-holidays-around-world-105590 How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 3 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-3-99036 <p><p>Today we conclude our capsule look at how peoples from the 28 NATO countries helped build Chicago.</p><p><strong>Belgium</strong>—As early as 1854, the government of Belgium identified 83 Belgians as living in the city of Chicago. What there was of a Belgian neighborhood in the city later developed in the few blocks around St. John Berchmans Catholic Church in Logan Square. Since the 1960s that concentration has dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Hungary-St.%20Stephen%20King_0.JPG" title="St. Stephen of Hungary Catholic Church--2015 W. Augusta Blvd."></div></div><p><strong>Germany—</strong>Germans were the first ethnic group to come to Chicago in great numbers. In 1850 one-sixth of the city’s population carried the “born in Germany” label. By 1900 a full 25% of Chicagoans were either first- or second-generation German.</p><p>They settled on the North Side and up the Lincoln Avenue corridor. They built churches, schools, social halls. They printed books and newspapers, and organized political clubs. They were determined to keep their culture. When one nativist mayor closed the saloons on Sunday, the city’s Germans rioted.</p><p>Then came World War I, and a national wave of anti-Germanism. The local Germans became more assimilated. Today, the Dank Haus in Lincoln Square serves as the city’s German-American cultural center. And along with the Irish and the Poles, Germans remain one of Chicago’s largest European ethnic groups. (Hey—those three are my ancestry!) &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Hungary</strong>—In 1890 there were fewer than 2,000 Hungarians living in Chicago. Within 30 years, that number had swelled to over 70,000. Most of the immigrants took up residence on the South Side, notably in the Burnside neighborhood. There were also Hungarian colonies in East Chicago and Joliet, and in the city around Humboldt Park. Today there is no single concentration of Hungarian settlement.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Germany-Altgeld%20%28State%20of%20Illinois%20photo%29.jpg" style="float: right; width: 300px;" title="A German immigrant to Chicago: John Peter Altgeld (State of Illinois photo)"></div><p><strong>Lithuania</strong>—As anyone who read <em>The Jungle </em>knows, many Chicago Lithuanians lived in the Back of the Yards neighborhood, while working in the Stock Yards itself. The community gradually moved southwest, while struggling to keep its ethnic identity during the years of Soviet incorporation. In the Marquette Park area, a section of 69<sup>th</sup> Street was renamed Lithuanian Plaza Court. About 80,000 people of Lithuanian background now live in Chicagoland. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Luxembourg</strong>—People from Luxembourg were living on the North Side as early as the 1840s. Within a few decades, a major settlement became established along Ridge Avenue, near St. Henry Catholic Church. A Luxembourger community also sprang up in Niles Center (Skokie). Today about 150,000 Luxembourgers live in various parts of the city and suburbs.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Turkey-TACA.JPG" title="Turkish American Cultural Alliance--3845 N. Harlem Ave."></div><p><strong>Slovakia</strong>—Though there have been Slovaks in Chicago for over 150 years, their numbers can’t be determined with much precision, since Slovakia did not become fully independent until 1993. For much of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, the major concentration of Slovaks was in the Back of the Yards neighborhood, with another settlement in Joliet. The more recent arrivals have gravitated to Garfield Ridge.</p><p><strong>Slovenia</strong>—Slovenia was first part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, and later became a founding state of Yugoslavia, so tracing Chicago’s Slovenians is not always easy. The earliest local colonies were on the Lower West Side and in Joliet. Community life centered around the Catholic parish, though there was also a large secular element. Today there is a Slovenian Cultural Center in suburban Lemont.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-US-American%20Indian%20Center.JPG" title="American Indian Center of Chicago--1630 W. Wilson Ave."></div><p><strong>Turkey</strong>—Chicago’s Turkish population has always been small and dispersed. The Turkish American Cultural Alliance, located in the Dunning neighborhood, has worked to promote art, history, and Turkish heritage.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><strong>United States</strong>—Before the Europeans came, the largest Native group in current Chicago was the Potawatomi. The tribes were forced to cede their lands during the 1830s, though a few families remained. Since World War II there has been a significant migration from the reservations to urban areas. Today the American Indian Center serves the 40,000 people from nearly 100 tribes living in the Chicago area.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 17 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-3-99036