WBEZ | iowa http://www.wbez.org/tags/iowa Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Voter Anxiety: Does the Rest of the Country Look Like Me? http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-28/voter-anxiety-does-rest-country-look-me-114635 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Imigration-Flickr-me_new_wintercoat.jpg" alt="" /><p><div>Immigration is an issue that comes up frequently on the campaign trail, more so among the Republican candidates than among the Democrats. We ask listeners how immigration affect their day-to-day lives.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>We talk with Tuyet Le, executive director of Asian Americans Advancing Justice and Oscar A. Chacon, Executive Director-Alianza Americas about their work on immigration and what it&rsquo;s like to be an immigrant in today&rsquo;s political climate. &nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Our conversation continues on how the issue of immigration is being discussed on the campaign trail with Elise Foley, politics and immigration reporter for the Huffington Post.&nbsp;</div></p> Wed, 27 Jan 2016 12:24:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-28/voter-anxiety-does-rest-country-look-me-114635 Hoping to Correct Reporting Problems, Iowans Will Report Caucus Results via App http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-19/hoping-correct-reporting-problems-iowans-will-report <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/app_wide-0f67cf9ffef8ae3a326a2d3aaca489e9fa37a6fe-s800-c85.png" alt="" /><p><p>Campaigning in Des Moines this week, former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum took pains to regularly remind voters that he won Iowa&#39;s 2012 caucuses.</p><p>&quot;You did a great job in my opinion,&quot; he told a crowd of about two dozen. &quot;You could have done a little better job in your math, but you did a great job otherwise.&quot;</p><p>Four years later, the Republican Party of Iowa is bringing in Microsoft to help with those math skills.</p><p>Motivated partially by the 2012 caucuses&#39; reporting problems &mdash; it took about three weeks to figure out Santorum had topped former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney in an especially tight contest &mdash; both Republicans and Democrats are updating their caucus night reporting process.</p><div><p>The state parties, which fund and operate the Feb. 1 caucuses, are turning to a solution that many use to get better organized: a smartphone app.</p><p>The app will record each precinct&#39;s tally, and send the results to party headquarters in Des Moines.</p><p>While the app itself is bare-bones and basic &mdash; it kind of looks like a calculator &mdash; it stands out in what will otherwise be a decidedly low-tech affair. Republicans often cast their ballots on slips of paper, and Democrats count their support for candidates by grouping together in corners at caucus sites.</p><p>Microsoft approached Iowa&#39;s Republican and Democratic parties with the app idea. The software giant developed the program at no cost as a showcase for its election-reporting technology.</p><div id="res463101833" previewtitle="Ryan Frederick, the Republican Party chair in Iowa's Adair County, uses Microsoft's new reporting app in a practice run."><div data-crop-type=""><a href="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/14/iowaapp2-6f2cae52fae18c0da8f702e090360e4230f24c08-s400-c85.jpg"><img alt="Ryan Frederick, the Republican Party chair in Iowa's Adair County, uses Microsoft's new reporting app in a practice run." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/14/iowaapp2-6f2cae52fae18c0da8f702e090360e4230f24c08-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 233px; width: 310px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Ryan Frederick, the Republican Party chair in Iowa's Adair County, uses Microsoft's new reporting app in a practice run. (Scott Detrow/NPR)" /></a></div><div><div><p>Because the caucuses are party-run and aren&#39;t technically government elections, this kind of technology shift can happen very quickly, compared with the lengthy legislative and legal processes surrounding updates to voting methods.</p></div></div></div><p>Both parties were quick to sign up for the pitch. (Not all campaigns share the enthusiasm, though: The Bernie Sanders campaign will arm volunteers with its own in-house reporting app to independently keep tabs on results.)</p><p>Each precinct will designate one person who will download the app to his or her phone and record the evening&#39;s results. Those recording will need to be registered with either the Republican or Democratic Party beforehand, so they can be texted a two-step verification code on caucus night.</p><p>On the Republican side, volunteers will enter the precincts&#39; total number of caucus-goers. If each candidate&#39;s vote totals don&#39;t equal that figure, an error message will pop up and the results won&#39;t be recorded. Democrats use a different, percentage-based counting method.</p><p>Microsoft says the parties will also be able to guard against reporting errors. They&#39;ll be able to set &quot;thresholds for each precinct. We didn&#39;t expect a thousand people for this precinct, or we didn&#39;t expect two people in this precinct,&quot; said Stan Freck, senior director of campaign technology services.</p><p>Those settings, Republicans and Microsoft argue, will safeguard against the types of recording errors that sometimes plagued the old system: a simple automated telephone hotline, which volunteers would call to punch in their sites&#39; totals.</p><p>That phone hotline was &quot;liable to error &mdash; you don&#39;t get to confirm anything,&quot; said Ryan Frederick, Adair County&#39;s Republican chair. &quot;It just goes off into the ether, and you watch the news to see if it was right.&quot;</p><p>Frederick will be tasked with reporting all the county&#39;s precinct totals on Feb. 1.</p><p>He seemed excited about the new app during a December training session.</p><p>&quot;For those of you who remember the good old days, this is so much better,&quot; he told the handful of precinct volunteers who were sitting around an insurance office.</p><p>The caucus app makes complete sense to Frederick, who is in his 30s and uses his Android phone for just about everything. &quot;If it isn&#39;t in this phone it doesn&#39;t exist,&quot; he said.</p><p>But not everyone feels that way.</p><p>Many caucus volunteers are less tech savvy, and Alex Latcham, who conducts caucus training sessions for the Republican Party, said he has spent a lot of training time just showing people how to download and install apps on their phones.</p><p>Microsoft&#39;s Freck said that has been the biggest hurdle during the run-up to the caucuses. &quot;It&#39;s a fairly simple application,&quot; he said in the company&#39;s Washington, D.C., offices. &quot;But as always, people are involved. ... There are over 1,800 precincts. So we&#39;re going to get precinct chairs and people who are involved that have all different levels of ... tech comfort.&quot;</p><p>That&#39;s a main reason why Microsoft and both parties are doing so many test runs before Feb. 1.</p><p>As Frederick put it as Adair County&#39;s training session wrapped up, &quot;With something like the future of the free world, you want to be sure you got it right.&quot;</p></div><div id="res463118903"><aside aria-label="pullquote" role="complementary"><div>&mdash; <em><a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/01/15/462995639/hoping-to-correct-reporting-problems-iowans-will-report-caucus-results-via-app?ft=nprml&amp;f=462995639" target="_blank">via NPR</a></em></div></aside></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 19 Jan 2016 12:59:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-19/hoping-correct-reporting-problems-iowans-will-report Are You an Evangelical? Are You Sure? http://www.wbez.org/news/are-you-evangelical-are-you-sure-114233 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-482319366-e90a11d165d9430ebfbe4b5e1d505af644773c6b-s600-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res459389815"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="GOP presidential candidate and former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee courts the religious vote at the Rock Hill Missionary Baptist Church in Manning, South Carolina." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/12/11/gettyimages-482319366-e90a11d165d9430ebfbe4b5e1d505af644773c6b-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 464px; width: 620px;" title="GOP presidential candidate and former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee courts the religious vote at the Rock Hill Missionary Baptist Church in Manning, South Carolina. (The Washington Post/The Washington Post/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>Here&#39;s what we&#39;ve heard about evangelical voters lately:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/trump-carson-white-house/2015/11/15/id/702235/">Donald Trump, Ben Carson</a>, and now Ted Cruz are fighting for them. Cruz says that a bunch of them are&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wsj.com/articles/can-evangelicals-swing-2016-for-gop-as-cruz-says-1448905373">&quot;missing&quot;</a>&nbsp;(and that he&#39;s the man to find them). And anyone will tell you that they play a decisive role in Iowa GOP caucuses.</p></div></div></div><p>You can&#39;t talk about a U.S. national election &mdash; especially the Republican side of it &mdash; without a hefty discussion of what evangelicals want. But in the hurry to answer that question, the most basic of questions gets ignored: who are evangelicals? That definition can vary from person to person, or even from pollster to pollster. And at the center of it all is a term that, for all the attention it gets, is remarkably poorly defined.</p><p><strong>How do you define it?</strong></p><p>Here&#39;s how squishy the term &quot;evangelical&quot; is: depending on the method of measurement, more than one-third of Americans are evangelical, or fewer than one-in-10 are.</p><p>That huge range comes from the different ways pollsters and other social scientists define the term. In a lot of surveys, a pollster simply asks people how they identify, often adding on the question of whether someone has been &quot;reborn&quot; as a Christian: &quot;Do you consider yourself an evangelical or born-again Christian?&quot;</p><p>According to the Pew Research Center, around&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewforum.org/2015/05/12/chapter-1-the-changing-religious-composition-of-the-u-s/">35 percent of American adults</a>&nbsp;(that is, roughly half of all Christians) consider themselves evangelical or born-again. So when reporters and politicians talk about &quot;evangelicals,&quot; it can sound like they&#39;re talking about a huge chunk of the population &mdash; more than a third.</p><p>But then, other national political pollsters, like&nbsp;<a href="http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2015/images/11/05/relia2.pdf">CNN/ORC</a>, add a modifier onto most of their evangelical polling, focusing on&nbsp;<em>white </em>evangelicals. (And this is the group most pundits are talking about, particularly when it comes to Republican primary politics.)</p><p>The idea, said one survey researcher, is to avoid lumping groups with clearly distinct political ideas into one bucket.</p><p>&quot;White evangelical protestants are some of the most reliably conservative and Republican voters in the electorate,&quot; said Greg Smith, associate director of research at Pew. &quot;African-American protestants, on the other hand, are some of the most strongly and consistently Democratic voters in the electorate.&quot;</p><p>&quot;If you didn&#39;t look at them separately,&quot; he added, &quot;if you lumped them all together, you would miss a big part of the story about the connections and the interrelations of religion, race, and politics in the U.S.&quot;</p><p>Cut that pool of evangelicals or born-agains to white, non-Hispanic evangelical Protestants only, and they account for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewforum.org/2015/05/12/chapter-1-the-changing-religious-composition-of-the-u-s/">19 percent of Americans</a>, according to Pew&#39;s data.</p><p>Beyond self-identification, there are more exacting ways of defining the group. In fact, Pew has two ways of counting evangelicals. In addition to asking people to self-identify, it sometimes uses a denominational system, creating a dividing line between &quot;evangelical&quot; Protestant denominations, like Southern Baptists, and &quot;mainline Protestants,&quot; like Methodists (&quot;historically black&quot; Protestant churches are in a separate category). By this definition, around&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewforum.org/2015/05/12/americas-changing-religious-landscape/">25 percent</a>&nbsp;of Americans are evangelical.</p><div id="res459388809"><div><p data-pym-src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/evangelicals-20151211/child.html">&nbsp;</p><script src="http://apps.npr.org/dailygraphics/graphics/evangelicals-20151211/js/lib/pym.js" type="text/javascript"></script></div></div><p>Definitions can get even tighter &mdash; and with them come smaller estimates of evangelicals. The Barna Group, a research firm that specializes in religious issues, uses what may be the toughest definition of evangelicalism out there. It asks a series of&nbsp;<a href="https://www.barna.org/barna-update/culture/111-survey-explores-who-qualifies-as-an-evangelical#.Vmr1BhorJPV">nine questions</a>&nbsp;about beliefs (Did Jesus lead a sinless life? Does salvation come from &quot;grace, not works&quot;?). Only 6 percent of Americans are &quot;evangelical&quot; by Barna&#39;s definition, according to their latest count.</p><p><strong>The entanglement between race and religion</strong></p><p>Because political polls often focus on white evangelical voters (which is in turn in part because those evangelicals &mdash; however one defines them &mdash; are such a coveted demographic among GOP voters), white evangelicals end up getting a huge amount of media attention. But that means they can end up being portrayed as the face of evangelicalism, period. Indeed,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/09/25/the-evangelical-vote-the-conservative-vote-the-gop-race-isnt-breaking-down-so-neatly/">articles</a>&nbsp;about this polling sometimes end up conflating white evangelicals with all evangelicals.</p><p>Anthea Butler, an associate professor of religious studies at the University of Pennsylvania, believes that race ends up getting glossed over in the hubbub over the so-called &quot;evangelical vote,&quot; as she said in a&nbsp;<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4UqpBnuCvI">February speech</a>.</p><p>&quot;The media does this all the time. You never hear them talk about black evangelicals,&quot; she said. &quot;Watch the 2016 election. When they begin to talk about evangelicals again, they won&#39;t go to Bible-believing black evangelicals. They&#39;re going to talk to white people. I know. I&#39;ve watched them do this, and I have argued with people about this over and over again.&quot;</p><p>Consider an imaginary pair of evangelicals &mdash; one black, one white &mdash; who sit next to each other in the pew every Sunday. They could have the same religious beliefs. But as Smith pointed out, they&#39;re likely to have vastly different political beliefs: the black churchgoer is more likely to vote Democratic, while the white one will lean GOP.</p><p>(Pew&#39;s polling on black Protestants focuses on that group as a whole, not on black evangelicals themselves. But&nbsp;<a href="http://www.people-press.org/2015/04/07/party-identification-trends-1992-2014/">82 percent</a>&nbsp;of attendees at historically black Protestant churches identify as or lean Democratic, according to Pew, and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.christianitytoday.com/images/59315.png">72 percent</a>&nbsp;of black Protestant churchgoers identify as evangelical or born-again. Clearly, a huge share of black self-identified evangelicals also tend Democratic.)</p><p>All of which means something important: when evangelicalism comes into the U.S. political conversation, it&#39;s often also a conversation about race. The racial discrepancies in the numbers suggest that identifying as &quot;evangelical&quot; doesn&#39;t necessarily make a person more likely to vote Republican.</p><p><strong>The self-definition problem</strong></p><p>The question at issue with measuring evangelicals is the question of what people&#39;s religious beliefs mean for their political views.</p><p>Part of the problem here is that &quot;evangelical&quot; has a muddled definition, even when you strip away the politics and survey research.</p><p>&quot;The term &#39;evangelical&#39; has a very broad set of meanings in Christianity. In its origins, it refers to the evangel, which is a Greek word from the New Testament that refers to the &#39;good news,&#39; or the gospel of Jesus Christ,&quot; said John Green, professor of political science at the University of Akron and an expert in the intersection of politics and religion, in an August interview.</p><p>&quot;In some sense, all Christians have an element of being an evangelical, because they all share to one degree or another those basic Christian beliefs,&quot; he added.</p><p>Still, a few people and groups have tried to lay down some clear borders around evangelicalism. One of the better-known definitions (among religious scholars) comes from&nbsp;<a href="http://nae.net/what-is-an-evangelical/">David Bebbington</a>, a professor of history at Scotland&#39;s University of Stirling, who identifies four key traits of evangelicals. Those are, in turn, similar to&nbsp;<a href="http://nae.net/what-is-an-evangelical/">National Association of Evangelicals</a>&#39; own definition. That definition itself has four parts &mdash; four beliefs that a person must have in order to claim evangelicalism. Under NAE&#39;s rubric, an evangelical believes that the Bible is their &quot;highest authority,&quot; for example, and that it&#39;s important to spread the word to non-Christians.</p><p>That NAE definition is the &quot;most widely accepted definition&quot; of evangelicalism, as the Atlantic&#39;s Jonathan Merritt&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/12/evangelical-christian/418236/">wrote earlier this month.</a></p><p>That&#39;s not how specifically everyone defines their own evangelicalism, though. According to Jocelynn Bailey, who attends Centreville Baptist Church in Centreville, Va., it&#39;s about evangelizing.</p><p>&quot;What I think when I think &#39;evangelical&#39; is, &#39;I have good news about what I believe Jesus did for me on the cross, and I want other people to have that good news and that hope,&#39;&quot; she said, speaking in September. &quot;An evangelical is someone else who desires to share that.&quot;</p><p>One of her fellow parishioners, Tim Lemieux (himself a self-identified evangelical), had a different take about what&#39;s most important for an evangelical.</p><p>&quot;I define evangelical as someone who lives based on the beliefs of God and his authority for his purpose and his desires,&quot; he told NPR in September.</p><p>It&#39;s not that parishioners everywhere are likely to carry the same long, exacting definition in their heads. But Bailey and Lemeiux&#39;s differing definitions are a subtle sign that the meaning of &quot;evangelical&quot; is different from person to person, making it a tough thing to measure.</p><p>&quot;The term &#39;evangelical&#39; is squishy because people use the term differently,&quot; Green said in an email. &quot;This is not uncommon &mdash; think of words like &#39;middle class,&#39; &#39;moderate,&#39; or &#39;extreme.&#39;&quot; (Indeed, in one recent survey,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.vox.com/2015/3/12/8193113/middle-class-rich-poor">87 percent of Americans</a>&nbsp;saw themselves as some form of &quot;middle class.&quot;)</p><p>Consider that a Catholic could easily believe in spreading his or her faith, as Bailey does, or leading a godly life, like Lemieux does. And, indeed, Catholics will sometimes self-identify as &quot;evangelical,&quot; according to Smith. But by many religious or denominational definitions, Catholics are not evangelicals.</p><p>Even within the confines of Protestantism, &quot;evangelical&quot; does not always mean evangelical. Members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America &mdash; the largest Lutheran denomination in the U.S. &mdash; are mainline protestants, according to Pew&#39;s denominational definition.</p><p>To add to the confusion, here&#39;s another wrinkle: Missouri and Wisconsin Synod Lutherans&nbsp;are&nbsp;considered evangelical. (Another curveball: they don&#39;t necessarily go to church in Missouri and Wisconsin.)</p><p>There&#39;s one additional problem with the self-definition method, according to David Kinnaman, president of the Barna Group.</p><p>&quot;The notion of a survey question asking, &#39;Do you consider yourself to be an evangelical or born-again [Christian]?&#39; offends me as a researcher because it is a double-barreled question,&quot; he told NPR in October. &quot;It has two very vague concepts.&quot;</p><p>He&#39;s not the only social scientist complaining about this: Pew demographer Conrad Hackett has likewise complained about this way of wording the question: it &quot;implies that &#39;born-again&#39; and &#39;evangelical&#39; are interchangeable labels, which may not be true for all respondents,&quot; he&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.ssrc.org/tif/2008/11/04/the-evangelical-vote-in-question/">wrote in 2008</a>. &quot;It does not offer respondents alternate ways of expressing religious identity, which no doubt inflates estimates of the evangelical population.&quot;</p><p><strong>Politics may be blurring the lens</strong></p><p>You could dismiss this all as pedantry &mdash; that using &quot;evangelicals&quot; as a catch-all term for a certain group of Christians is a harmless shorthand, like calling all tissues Kleenexes or all sodas Coke.</p><p>But then, consider how pollsters and pundits often separate white and black evangelicals based on their political views. That&#39;s one piece of a bigger problem: the degree to which &quot;evangelical&quot; may be becoming redefined by its political associations.</p><p>&quot;While evangelical, in this traditional sense, is really a religious word,&quot; Green said, &quot;it&#39;s become very strongly associated with Republican and conservative politics, because since the days of Ronald Reagan up until today, that group of believers have moved in that direction politically.&quot;</p><p>Indeed, that association has grown stronger in the last couple of decades. In the late 1980s, around one-third of white evangelicals identified as Republican,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewresearch.org/2006/05/02/will-white-evangelicals-desert-the-gop/">according to Pew</a>. Earlier this year,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.people-press.org/2015/04/07/a-deep-dive-into-party-affiliation/">Pew found</a>&nbsp;that 68 percent of white evangelicals do.</p><p>&quot;For the most part, the concept of being an evangelical has been used so much within the last three to four election cycles ... as a key demographic that we find that there&#39;s a lot of perceptions that the term evangelicals means &#39;Christians who vote Republican,&#39;&quot; said Kinnaman.</p><p>That means American culture may be moving toward a mushy, self-reinforcing idea of who evangelicals are. The term becomes not a nuanced religious concept but a flat heuristic for the idea of &quot;politically conservative Christians.&quot; If this is indeed how some Americans view evangelicalism, their responses to pollsters would border on meaningless &mdash; at least, in terms of measuring the relationship between religion and political leanings.</p><p>&quot;It may very well be that when people hear those words, if they have conservative perspectives, they may feel, &#39;That&#39;s my group, maybe I identify with that group,&#39; whereas that may not be an accurate measure of their religion,&quot; Green said.</p><p><strong>So why measure?</strong></p><p>1976 was the first year Gallup asked Americans if they had been &quot;born again,&quot; as Hackett wrote in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.conradhackett.com/uploads/2/6/7/2/2672974/measuring_evangelicalism.pdf">a 2008 paper</a>. The organization&#39;s measurement methods varied over the next decade, but in 1986, the organization first asked the &quot;born-again or evangelical&quot; question that it uses today.</p><p>Over that time, self-proclaimed born-again Christians and evangelicals helped reshape the political landscape. In 1976, the born-again former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter was elected to the White House. After that, political interest in evangelicals and born-again Christians remained, but Rev. Pat Robertson&#39;s 1988 second-place finish in the Iowa caucuses in particular made it clear that white evangelicals were swinging Republican. Outspoken Christians like George W. Bush continued the trend of winning over these conservative Christians, and targeting those voters is still a key campaign strategy for politicians like Mike Huckabee and Rick Santorum.</p><p>Green acknowledges that it&#39;s a hard term to pin down, but he believes there&#39;s real value in studying evangelicals.</p><p>&quot;A lack of common definition doesn&#39;t mean that the realities behind these terms are unimportant &mdash; just that measuring the realities is challenging,&quot; Green added. &quot;Behind these definition issues are real groups of people with distinctive values and behaviors. The trick is how to define measure the group of people accurately.&quot;</p><p>Still, as with the term &quot;middle class,&quot; it&#39;s possible that people&#39;s self-definition is so clouded that it&#39;s obscuring what&#39;s really going on in the intersection between American religion and politics.</p><p>And Kinnaman believes there is one other danger in the range of measures of evangelicalism out there &mdash; the more ways there are to measure this group of people, the more opportunities there are for spin.</p><p>&quot;For different purposes I have found that evangelical leaders might say, &#39;We&#39;re so small and such a small minority, and we&#39;re overlooked, and woe is us,&#39; and other times they might say, &#39;Don&#39;t forget about us! We&#39;re huge and we&#39;re as many as a quarter or 40 percent of the population,&#39;&quot; Kinnaman said. &quot;It&#39;s easy to be elastic about these numbers when they suit our purposes.&quot;</p><p>The most obvious lesson from any of this is that political reporters and readers need to know what they&#39;re looking at when they&#39;re reading news about &quot;evangelicals.&quot; Green and Smith both agree on this point &mdash; because surveys can be done a few different ways, those paying close attention to the results need to know that &quot;evangelicals&quot; are not always evangelicals.</p><p>&quot;From a certain point of view, any kind of information is probably better than nothing, but we have to be very careful when we interpret these findings,&quot; Green said.</p><p>Of course, to Christian voters themselves, the term itself isn&#39;t what matters; it&#39;s how politicians relate to them. Just as &quot;evangelical&quot; has been reduced in some political rhetoric to &quot;conservative Christian,&quot; some self-identified evangelicals fear being treated as one-dimensional Bible-thumpers.</p><p>For her part, Jocelynn Bailey&#39;s top issues include national defense and her self-described constructionist view of the Constitution. And based on those issues, she says Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul is currently her top choice as a presidential candidate. So when she hears that a particular politician is courting the &quot;evangelical vote,&quot; she bristles.</p><p>&quot;It frustrates me, to be honest, because I think that I&#39;m more than just that,&quot; Bailey says. &quot;Certainly that flavors the way I would vote, but I want them to tell me who they are, and all of who they are, not just the stuff that they think I might want to hear.&quot;</p><p>She added, &quot;My vote is about more than my faith.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/12/19/458058251/are-you-an-evangelical-are-you-sure?ft=nprml&amp;f=458058251"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Sun, 20 Dec 2015 22:27:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/are-you-evangelical-are-you-sure-114233 Iowa Republican tries to kick Latinos off voter rolls http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2012-09/iowa-republican-tries-kick-latinos-voter-rolls-102539 <p><p>Thirty-one U.S. states currently have laws in place that <a href="http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/elections/voter-id.aspx">require voters to show some sort of ID</a>&nbsp;at the polls &mdash; almost all passed in the last three years by GOP state legislatures and enforced by Republican secretaries of state.<br /><br /><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP301477436988.jpg" style="height: 194px; width: 300px; float: right; " title="Iowa Secretary of State Matt Schultz explains his theory of illegal registrants on the state voter rolls. (AP)" />Almost to a fault, the laws are designed to disenfranchise African-American voters (I know, I know, everybody says &ldquo;minority&rdquo; but what they mean is black urban voters of all ages).<br /><br />Iowa appeared to top the list in recent months as the 32nd state with new and restrictive voting laws, but with a twist: With more than <a href="http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19000.html">93 percent of the state population reported as white</a> and blacks registering only 3 percent, GOP Secretary of State Matt Schultz aimed his directive at Iowa&#39;s Latinos.<br /><br />Hispanics are only five percent of the population in Iowa but they&rsquo;re suddenly crucial. Since the 2008 elections, in which they overwhelmingly supported Barack Obama, Latino <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/growing-latino-population-could-affect-presidential-election-in-unlikely-states-like-iowa/2012/09/12/3cb7dafa-fd05-11e1-98c6-ec0a0a93f8eb_story.html">voter rolls have increased</a> from 30,000 to more than 50,000 in the state.</p><p>And with Obama and Mitt Romney in a <a href="http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/author/nate-silver/">dead heat in Iowa</a>, those votes can&#39;t be ignored.<br /><br />So what did Schultz do? Well, first he decided he had an emergency on his hands&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;<em>a real, honest to God emergency</em>. Then he compared names on voter rolls to a state transportation database and determined he had 3,582 illegal registrants. How this comparison revealed that is, so far, Schultz&#39;s secret.<br /><br />He said he feared those <a href="http://kmaland.com/09491_Voter_cross-check_fight_continues_063454.asp">3,582 non-citizens</a> would try to vote in November&#39;s election. (And in Iowa that actually means September 27, when both in-person and mail-in voting begins.)<br /><br />Then Schultz created two new voting rules using an emergency administrative process which <a href="http://qctimes.com/news/state-and-regional/iowa/iowa-secretary-of-state-s-voter-rules-struck-down/article_6c5ec62e-feea-11e1-b8e8-001a4bcf887a.html">allowed the exclusion of public hearings</a> or community input of any kind.<br /><br />One of the rules would have challenged the voting rights of persons who appear on government databases as non-citizens. The second rule would have supposedly made it easier to report alleged voter fraud.<br /><br />Schultz armed himself with two letters to send to these individuals in order to get them to prove their citizenship. They can be found at the bottom of <a href="http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20120916/NEWS09/309160060/-1/LIFE04/Schultz-blames-feds-delay-removal-ineligible-voters">this link</a> to a story in the <em>Des Moines Register</em>, and they&rsquo;re pretty special.<br /><br />The <a href="http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/433280-1st_potential_ineligibility_letter.html">first letter</a> Schultz planned to send to those 3,582 suspected non-citizens lists four types of IDs to prove citizenship, none of which are a voter ID card, a social security card, or a state ID.<br /><br />The <a href="http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/433281-2nd_potential_ineligibility_letter.html">second letter </a>is a reminder that just happens to include this sentence: <em>Please note that voter registration fraud is a Class &quot;D&quot; felony in the state of Iowa.</em> Because that&rsquo;s not <em>too</em> intimidating.<br /><br />Last Friday, District Court Judge Mary Pat Gunderson&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;a <em>Republican</em> judge with a long history in Iowa GOP circles&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;responded to a suit against Schultz filed by the Iowa&#39;s ACLU and the state&rsquo;s League of United Latin American Citizens by issuing <a href="http://secretary-of-state-s-voter-rules-struck-down/article_6c5ec62e-feea-11e1-b8e8-001a4bcf887a.html">an injunction that prohibits Schultz</a> from enforcing his rules.<br /><br />Gunderson said Schultz had plenty of time to follow procedure for community input and that the emergency procedures hadn&#39;t been necessary. She didn&#39;t throw the rules out per se, but she set them aside until after the election.<br /><br />Schultz, who <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_Schultz">won his post in a squeaker</a> just one year ago, is now threatening to sue to get access to a federal data base to <a href="http://kmaland.com/09491_Voter_cross-check_fight_continues_063454.asp">crosscheck</a> those 3,582 votes anyway.</p><p>With the presidential race so close, those votes could really make the difference.<br /><br /><em>This is the second in an occasional series. In the next few weeks, I&#39;ll be looking at how Latinos</em>&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;<em>the so-called swing vote in this year&#39;s presidential election</em>&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;<em>play in each of the states where the race is within a few percentage points. Read part one in the series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2012-09/latinos-north-carolina-are-vital-obama-and-democratic-party-102153">here</a>.&nbsp;</em></p></p> Thu, 20 Sep 2012 08:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2012-09/iowa-republican-tries-kick-latinos-voter-rolls-102539 Driver licenses for undocumented youths? http://www.wbez.org/news/driver-licenses-undocumented-youths-101986 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/immigrant%20map.jpg" style="margin: 4px 0px 0px 0px; float: left; height: 369px; width: 600px; " title="WBEZ asked eight states whether they are planning to provide driver’s licenses to immigrants who receive Social Security and employment-authorization cards as a result of President Barack Obama’s “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” policy. (WBEZ map by Elliott Ramos)" /></p><p>Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio are planning to provide driver&rsquo;s licenses to undocumented immigrants who get work papers under a new federal policy.</p><p>The Obama administration policy, called &ldquo;Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals,&rdquo; will allow as many as 1.7 million illegal immigrants brought to the United States as children to get Social Security and employment-authorization cards, along with a deportation reprieve. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services began accepting applications Aug. 15.</p><p>&ldquo;As long as the Social Security Administration issues an individual with a Social Security number, and they have the other documents that are required under Illinois law, then they can apply for a driver&rsquo;s license,&rdquo; said Henry Haupt, spokesman for Illinois Secretary of State Jesse White, who oversees that state&rsquo;s driver licensing.</p><p>WBEZ surveyed eight Midwestern states about their response to the policy change. Along with the four states planning to provide licenses, Wisconsin and Iowa officials said they had not decided yet, while Minnesota and Missouri officials did not respond to numerous WBEZ inquiries.</p><p>The states planning to issue the driver&rsquo;s licenses differ from Arizona, Nebraska and Texas, where governors have vowed to block illegal immigrants from getting licenses.</p><p>The immigrants must meet several requirements to get the Social Security and work-authorization cards, including having been younger than 31 on June 15; having arrived in the U.S. before turning 16; having lived in the country continuously since June 2007; being a student or graduate, or having served in the military; and having no serious criminal record nor posing any public safety threat. The work authorization will last up to two years and, if the federal policy stays in place, be renewable. The policy does not provide a path to citizenship.</p><p>Assuming some of the immigrants have been driving illegally, states that enable them to get a license could make roads safer. &ldquo;They have to pass the road exam, they have to pass the written exam, and they pass the vision test,&rdquo; Haupt said about Illinois. &ldquo;We require so many different things of our young drivers and &mdash; by doing so &mdash; they, of course, become better drivers.&rdquo;</p><p>Illinois also requires proof of liability insurance on the car the driver uses for the road test. So it&rsquo;s possible that allowing undocumented immigrants to drive legally could reduce the number of uninsured vehicles.</p><p>The immigrants themselves have more at stake. Karen Siciliano Lucas, an advocacy attorney of the Washington-based Catholic Legal Immigration Network Inc., points out that driver&rsquo;s licenses are vital for working and attending school in most regions of the country. &ldquo;Not only that, it is a state-issued identification that shows who you are,&rdquo; she said.</p><p>The issue is complicated because most states require driver&rsquo;s&nbsp;license applicants to prove &ldquo;lawful status&rdquo; or &ldquo;legal presence&rdquo; in the United States. Officials in some states say the work authorization under the Obama policy will be sufficient proof. But a USCIS statement says the policy &ldquo;does not confer lawful status upon an individual.&rdquo; It&rsquo;s unclear whether courts will enable states to define lawful status differently than the federal government does.</p><p>States expecting Obama administration guidance about the driver&rsquo;s licenses could be waiting awhile. In response to WBEZ questions, the Department of Homeland Security sent a statement saying the department does not comment on state-specific matters.</p><p>Until federal courts weigh in, states are likely to face lawsuits no matter their course. &ldquo;We will see battles on this,&rdquo; Lucas predicted.</p><p>Making matters more complicated is the federal Real ID Act, a 2005 law aimed at fighting identity theft and keeping terrorists out of federal buildings and airplanes. Among other things, the act requires states to verify that driver&rsquo;s license applicants have lawful status in the United States.</p><p>The law is set to take effect in January, but it&rsquo;s not clear how the Obama administration will enforce it. DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano has fought for the measure&rsquo;s repeal, calling it unworkable.</p><p>That irks advocates for tougher immigration enforcement: &ldquo;If you want to protect against identify theft, you&rsquo;ve got to eliminate the fraud,&rdquo; said Janice Kephart, who focuses on national security policies for the Washington-based Center for Immigration Studies. &ldquo;That means you have to eliminate the illegal-alien community out of that scheme. It doesn&rsquo;t mean that states cannot give driver&rsquo;s licenses to illegal aliens. It just means that they have to do it outside the Real ID Act.&rdquo;</p><p>Kephart praised Utah, which has created a &ldquo;driving privilege card&rdquo; specifically for undocumented immigrants.</p><p>At the moment the only other states that let undocumented immigrants drive legally are New Mexico and Washington, which provide them the same licenses that U.S. citizens can get.</p></p> Mon, 27 Aug 2012 13:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/driver-licenses-undocumented-youths-101986 Santorum's bad day http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-01-20/santorums-bad-day-95690 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2012-January/2012-01-20/AP120119052013.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Yesterday should have been Rick Santorum’s day.&nbsp;</p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">The Iowa Republican Party, though desperate to make his rival, Mitt Romney, the official certified winner of its caucuses had to cough up that, in fact, it looked like Santorum had won.</span></p><p class="p1"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-January/2012-01-20/AP120119052013.jpg" style="width: 600px; height: 391px;" title="Santorum during a commercial break at the Republican presidential candidate debate at the North Charleston Coliseum in Charleston, S.C. (AP/David Goldman)"></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">“One thing that is irrefutable is that is that in these 1,776 certified precincts, the Republican party was able to certify and report <a href="http://caucuses.desmoinesregister.com/2012/01/19/iowa-gop-chairman-santorum-won-certified-vote-but-problem-lies-with-missing-precincts/%20">Rick Santorum was the winner </a>of the certified precinct vote total by 34 votes,” Matt Strawn, the state GOP chair, told the <em>Des Moines Register</em>.&nbsp;There are eight precincts outstanding with missing paperwork.</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">In his talks, Strawn always makes it seem as if the eight outstanding and uncertifiable precincts could have tipped it back to Romney, but in fact, <a href="http://2012.talkingpointsmemo.com/2012/01/santorum-didnt-win-iowa-by-34-votes-he-won-by-69.php%20%20">if those votes were counted</a>, Santorum would have led by 69 votes.&nbsp;</span></p><p class="p1">Really, <em>huge</em> news for Santorum.</p><p class="p4"><span class="s3">But what happened? Rick Perry,&nbsp;who should have listened to his gut out of Iowa, <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2012/01/the-only-culprit-in-rick-perrys-collapse-is-rick-perry/251708/">decided to drop out</a> of the South Carolina primary yesterday and threw his <a href="http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2012/01/19/MN421MRUBU.DTL&amp;type=politics">endorsement to Newt Gingrich</a>.&nbsp;</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">Which is kinda <em>bigger </em>news.</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">And then Gingrich’s ex second wife comes out and says he wanted an <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QNawLvfwies">open marriage</a>!&nbsp;</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">Wow!</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">Okay, maybe not <em>wow</em> exactly. We already kinda knew that.</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">But the whole combo of events ended up making Santorum’s victory in Iowa kinda ... a footnote. And his wife’s own <a href="http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2012/01/15/mrs-santorum-s-abortion-doctor-boyfriend.html?fb_ref=article&amp;fb_source=profile_multiline">weird sexual pas</a>t? &nbsp;Juicy but pretty much irrelevant. (This is also a bit of a trap for Santorum regarding Gingrich. If his wife can mature and repent, then obviously so can Newt.)</span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1">All this means two things.</span></p><ol class="ol1"><li class="li1"><span class="s1">The South Carolina primary, where Gingrich keeps <a href="http://%20http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-01-09/gingrich-rises-darkly-after-new-hampshire-95415">rising (darkly</a>, always darkly), and may actually pull off a victory, or at least come close enough so that -- with the real results in Iowa -- Romney’s winning streak comes down to a single, tiny homogeneous neighboring state, makes “inevitability” a little far fetched. Santorum may well come in last here, though he’ll insist on going on.</span></li><li class="li1">And two, our Iowa predictions winners, Alejandro Riera and Alison Keating, will hold on to their Iowa spirits from <a href="http://www.cedarridgedistillery.com/">Cedar Ridge</a>, but Robert Gold, who correctly -- and insistently -- kept calling Iowa for Santorum, gets a drink on me.</li></ol><p class="p1"><span class="s1">Just tell me when and where, Robert.</span></p></p> Fri, 20 Jan 2012 18:20:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2012-01-20/santorums-bad-day-95690 Iowa's World's Largest Truckstop http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2011-12-13/iowas-worlds-largest-truckstop-94866 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//blog/photo/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4701_2011 076-scr.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Everyone headed to Iowa from these parts for the presidential caucuses will likely take I-80 in toward Cedar Rapids. And there, my friends, is one of the state's great treasures. Sure, the food court looks like every other truck stop, but just keep walking, keep exploring. It's its own little world.</p><p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4701_2011 076-scr.JPG" style="width: 450px; height: 600px; " title="You really can't miss it, just off I-80."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4702_2011 078-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="They have everything you could ever need here."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4703_2011 084-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Including this shiny truck."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4704_2011 093-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="And these shiny stars."></p><p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4705_2011 095-scr.JPG" style="width: 450px; height: 600px; " title="And lots of Jesus stuff."></p><p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4706_2011 098-scr.JPG" style="width: 450px; height: 600px; " title="You can take a hot shower here."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4707_2011 100-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Or watch a movie. We once saw 'Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story.'"></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4713_2011 109-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="The theater's actually pretty expansive."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4712_2011 107_0-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="There's a TV room too. It's a lot rowdier than the theater."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4708_2011 101-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="You can do your laundry."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4714_2011 112-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Deal with your dental needs."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4715_2011 113-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Get a haircut."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4710_2011 104-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Use the wi-fi."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4709_2011 103-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="Get motivated."></p><p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4716_2011 115-scr.JPG" style="width: 450px; height: 600px; " title="They also have all kinds of buttons here."></p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-December/2011-12-13/RS4711_2011 106-scr.JPG" style="width: 600px; height: 450px; " title="And all sorts of everything, including that gigantic mural."></p></p> Tue, 13 Dec 2011 18:27:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/achy-obejas/2011-12-13/iowas-worlds-largest-truckstop-94866 Cous-cous and cultural diplomacy http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-23/cous-cous-and-cultural-diplomacy-94250 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-November/2011-11-21/iowa.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>We head to Iowa, to a town of 1,500 surrounded by corn and soybean farms.</p><p>Though it's more than one thousand miles from New York City, this town was uniquely impacted by the attacks of September 11, 2011. That's because the town's name is Elkader - it was named after Algerian independence fighter Emir Abd al Qader. It's also the only town in the entire United States named after an Arab Muslim.</p><p>Since its founding, Elkader, Iowa has drawn scores of people to explore its distinct Algerian character. But in the wake of 9/11, many locals wanted to change the town's name to something more American. In 'Couscous and Cultural Diplomacy,' Andrea Wenzel takes us to meet an openly gay couple who decided to start an Algerian-American restaurant in Elkader after 9/11. <span class="piece-description-lead">This story charts the restauranteurs' adventures with cultural adaptation, American identity and small town politics.</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>This documentary was produced and presented by Andrea Wenzel for WAMU/American University Radio. The story was provided to us by <a href="http://www.prx.org/" target="_blank">Public Radio Exchange</a>.</em></p></p> Wed, 23 Nov 2011 15:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-11-23/cous-cous-and-cultural-diplomacy-94250 Worldview 11.23.11 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-112311 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2011-november/2011-11-21/elkader.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We'll travel to <span class="piece-description-lead">Elkader</span>, Iowa, a town that's grappled with an identity crisis since September 11, 2001. <span class="piece-description-lead">The reason? Elkader</span> is the only town in the entire United States that's named after an Arab Muslim. After 9/11, some locals sought to change the city's name and forgo this association. We'll meet an openly gay couple who went the opposite route, opening an Algerian-American restaurant on <span class="piece-description-lead">Elkader's Main Street.&nbsp;</span> Also, in honor of the Thanksgiving holiday, we devote this week's <a href="http://www.wbez.org/globalnotes" target="_blank"><em>Global Notes</em></a> to some wild music from Turkey.</p></p> Wed, 23 Nov 2011 15:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-112311 On behalf of the president, Emanuel hits Iowa http://www.wbez.org/story/behalf-president-emanuel-hits-iowa-94196 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2011-November/2011-11-18/112214534.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Iowa Democrats will <a href="http://www.iowademocrats.org/jj/">pay</a> between $100 and $5,000 to attend an event Saturday night along with Rahm Emanuel. The Chicago mayor says he's making the trip at the request of his former boss.</p><p>When Rahm Emanuel left his job last year as White House Chief of Staff, as a going away present, President Obama gave him this quasi-endorsement for Chicago mayor.</p><p>"We are all very excited for Rahm as he takes on a new challenge for which he is extraordinarily well qualified," the president said at the time.</p><p>Emanuel is returning the political favor, heading to Des Moines to speak at a fundraiser for that state's Democratic Party.</p><p>"The president and his team asked me to do this a long time ago and I said, 'yes,'" Emanuel told reporters earlier this week.</p><p>His speech, Emanuel said, will focus on Mr. Obama's work at a time of economic peril.</p><p>"I will address that from the unique role of having been both the chief of staff and now the chief executive," he said.</p><p>The mayor said he will campaign more for President Obama if asked, but only if it doesn't interfere with his day job.</p></p> Fri, 18 Nov 2011 20:12:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/behalf-president-emanuel-hits-iowa-94196