WBEZ | young adult novels http://www.wbez.org/tags/young-adult-novels Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Classic young adult heroines of the past http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-11/classic-young-adult-heroines-past-109184 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/4261108036_1d9ababf05_z.jpg" title="Inside spread from a vintage copy of the book, &quot;Harriet the Spy&quot; written and illustrated by Louise Fitzhugh. (Flickr/CalsidyRose)" /></div></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Study after study has shown that children are <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/appsblog/2013/sep/26/children-reading-less-apps-games" target="_blank">reading less</a> in the digital age, with the number of kids picking up books in their spare time <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/10353148/Children-too-embarrassed-to-read-in-front-of-friends.html" target="_blank">dropping dramatically</a> amid claims that they are &quot;too embarrassed to read in front of friends.&quot;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Furthermore, a <a href="http://skills.oecd.org/SkillsOutlook_2013_KeyFindings.pdf" target="_blank">new study</a> by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) reports that for the first time, America has fallen &quot;below average&quot; in the developed world for educational achievements and now ranks 16th in the world in literacy.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">In recent years, America also has become the only free-market OECD&nbsp;country where the current generation is <a href="http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-literacy-america" target="_blank">less well educated</a> than the previous.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">And yet in an era dominated by smartphone apps, tablet games, and YouTube videos glowing under children&#39;s blankets at night instead of books read by flashlight, are youngsters still finding joy in literature?&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">If book sales for certain millennial hits like &quot;Ender&#39;s Game,&quot; &quot;Divergent,&quot; and &quot;The Hunger Games&quot; are to be believed, then the answer is yes: children and young adults still enjoy reading, especially when the story is set in a sci-fi dystopian universe and the hero or heroine is close to their age.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">This got me thinking about how the literary heroes of today compare to those of young adult novels past, and why girls cling to an abysmal role model like <a href="http://screencrave.com/2009-11-11/twilights-bella-swan-is-a-feminists-nightmare/" target="_blank">Bella Swan</a> when they have so many others from classic literature to admire.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Would the fame of &quot;The Hunger Games&#39;&quot; Katniss&nbsp;even exist without the spunky, brave, and arguably more complex heroines who came before?</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div>From the perspective of a female bookworm who attached herself to other similarly nerdy and spirited female characters from an early age, the following classic young adult heroines stand out.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Hermione Granger,&nbsp;from the &quot;Harry Potter&quot; series by J.K. Rowling&nbsp;</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Hermione is a terrific role model for young girls, not only because of her eager intelligence, courage, and loyalty to her friends, but also because of her vulnerability. She faces insecurity about her looks, her grades, and her birthright as a &quot;Mudblood&quot; in a wizarding school, but ultimately learns to rise above her fears of failure and find the strength in herself to prove her naysayers wrong.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Jo March,&nbsp;</strong><strong>from &quot;Little Women&quot; by Louisa May Alcott</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">As the plucky second daughter of four &quot;little women&quot; in the March family, Jo has emerged as an almost universal fan favorite. She is an opinionated, free-spirited tomboy who writes plays that are Shakespearean in nature, dreams of becoming a published author instead of a housewife, chops off all of her hair, and thinks nothing of wearing pants and insisting that a man treat her as an equal in Civil War-era Boston. Basically, Jo is a feminist way ahead of her time.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Anne Shirley,&nbsp;from the &quot;Anne of Green Gables&quot; books by L.M. Montgomery</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Anne is perpetually &quot;heedless and impulsive,&quot; which is exactly why readers can&#39;t help but fall in love with her. In contrast to the mostly prim and proper characters who surround her in&nbsp;Montgomery&#39;s series, Anne is the very definiton of a sparkplug: a talkative redheaded orphan who brings light, joy, and boundless enthusiasm wherever she goes. Runnerups in this category: Pippi Longstocking, Madeleine, Pollyanna, and Eloise.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Harriet M. Welsch,&nbsp;from &quot;Harriet the Spy&quot; by Louise Fitzhugh</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">As far as lovable misfits go, Harriet M. Welsch ranks near the top. She longs to be a writer one day, but seeing as she&#39;s only 11 and still in elementary school, she decides to become a &quot;spy&quot; and write about her neighbors, family, and friends in her top-secret notebook during her formative years. Harriet is imaginative, curious, and precocious, but also struggles with feeling like an outsider &mdash; a sentiment to which many adolescents can relate.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Meg Murry,&nbsp;from &quot;A Wrinkle in Time&quot; by Madeleine L&#39;Engle</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Meg is ambivalent about romantic love, which is a nice change of pace from all of the boy-crazy Bellas of the world. She is a stubborn and self-conscious teenager who relies upon her smarts to succeed, despite the fact that her incredible abilities often go unappreciated. Her anger is not only relatable, but justified, as new generations of readers continue to root for Meg and see themselves in her struggle.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><b>Nancy Drew</b><strong>,&nbsp;from the &quot;Nancy Drew&quot; books by Carolyn Keene</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">This cultural icon has been cited as an influence by a number of prolific women, from Supreme Court Justices Sandra Day O&#39;Connor and Sonia Sotomeyer to former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and it&#39;s easy to see why. Nancy is a fearless and feisty young amatuer detective who is wise beyond her years, no doubt inspiring modern-day heroines like Veronica Mars to gain similarly devoted fan followings.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Matilda Wormwood,&nbsp;from &quot;Matilda&quot; by Roald Dahl</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">As one of the most recognizable characters in Dahl&#39;s illustrious canon of children&#39;s books, Matilda is more than just a child genius with magicial abilities. She is a symbol of someone born into less-than-ideal circumstances (in this case, horrible parents who neglect her and an evil principal terrorizing her school) who recognizes the unique power that lives within her. In a way, Matilda&#39;s telekinetic powers are a metaphor for acknowledging her own strengths, and realizing that just by virtue of being born, she has an inherent value that no other person can take away.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Matilda also had a great <a href="http://madbibliophile.wordpress.com/2008/12/09/matildas-booklist/">booklist</a>&nbsp;that inspired me to keep reading classic literature throughout my adolescence and into adulthood as well.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><strong>Who were your favorite characters to read and relate to in your childhood?&nbsp;</strong></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><em>Leah Pickett writes about popular culture for WBEZ. Follow her on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/leahkpickett" target="_blank">@leahkpickett</a>.&nbsp;</em></div></p> Tue, 19 Nov 2013 09:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-11/classic-young-adult-heroines-past-109184