WBEZ | Zambia http://www.wbez.org/tags/zambia Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Can't afford school? Girls learn to negotiate the Harvard way: #15Girls http://www.wbez.org/news/cant-afford-school-girls-learn-negotiate-harvard-way-15girls-113240 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Now in tenth grade, Mulando is already planning how to negotiate her tuition for 11th grade. She&#039;s also trying to figure out how to get to medical school..jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res446322603"><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Madalitso Mulando studies at the Chinika Secondary School in Lusaka, Zambia. By fifth grade, the school dropout rate is three times higher for girls than for boys." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-4_custom-077cecb0aaa29cfa3124f09f995f0219cddb455e-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 399px; width: 600px;" title="Madalitso Mulando studies at the Chinika Secondary School in Lusaka, Zambia. By fifth grade, the school dropout rate is three times higher for girls than for boys. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></div><div><p>Madalitso Mulando knew what she needed to finish 10th grade: $150.</p></div></div><p>That&#39;s the cost of tuition at Chinika Secondary School, a public high school in Lusaka, Zambia. Completing 10th grade was part of Mulando&#39;s dream to go to medical school and become a doctor.</p><p>But the 15-year-old&#39;s parents were broke.</p><p>&quot;Yeah, I was alone. I was in my bedroom ... and I started, like, crying because Mom and Dad didn&#39;t have any money,&quot; she remembers. &quot;And I was like, maybe I&#39;ll never go to school again because Mom and Dad didn&#39;t have any money.&quot;</p><p>Zambia is one of the poorest countries in the world. Mulando shares her room with her sister and two nieces &mdash; and a stack of dog-eared textbooks.</p><p>&quot;I like biology,&quot; she says, laughing.</p><div id="res446322759"><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Madalitso Mulando brushes off her shoes before heading to school in Lusaka, Zambia. Last year, she missed a whole semester while her parents struggled to scrape together tuition." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-2_custom-005abbe76c82a6dc1c1b7f65b9b9dc29c8a21942-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 399px; width: 600px;" title="Madalitso Mulando brushes off her shoes before heading to school in Lusaka, Zambia. Last year, she missed a whole semester while her parents struggled to scrape together tuition. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>For most Zambian schoolgirls, that&#39;s where their education might have ended. Most Zambian families live below the poverty line. Most Zambian schoolkids, especially girls, never make it to 10th grade because their families can&#39;t afford it.</p></div></div></div><p>One might see this as an unchangeable fact of poverty.</p><p>But Kathleen McGinn, a professor of negotiation at Harvard Business School, sees it as a communication deficit. She says Zambian schoolgirls have to advocate for their interests in a way that American high-schoolers rarely need to.</p><p>&quot;In the U.S., it&#39;s illegal to take your kid out of school,&quot; says McGinn. &quot;In Zambia, you have to pay to keep your kid in school.&quot;</p><p>Some programs have tried to remedy this by offering cash grants and other incentives to schoolgirls, but the well-intentioned money always runs out. So, McGinn and her colleagues Nava Ashraf and Corinne Low wondered: Could Zambian schoolgirls stay in school if they received training in negotiation &mdash; a version of the same training given to Harvard MBAs, undergrads and executives? Could techniques honed around an oak boardroom table apply in a slum in southern Africa?</p><p>With the help of the Zambian Ministry of Education and the New Haven-based Innovations for Poverty Action, a research nonprofit, they&#39;re hoping to find out. They wrote a curriculum to teach Zambian high school students the art of getting to &quot;yes.&quot; It&#39;s part of a multiyear research study to see if a week of negotiation training can&nbsp;<a href="http://www.poverty-action.org/study/negotiating-better-future-impact-teaching-negotiation-skills-girls-health-and-educational">help Zambian schoolgirls stay in school</a>&nbsp;and avoid getting pregnant.</p><p><img alt="After a weeklong course in negotiation training, Mulando petitioned relatives to cover her school fees by convincing them that her education was worth investing in." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-3_custom-c686cadd60ae88ddd06c7477375644acf950856d-s300-c85.jpg" style="float: right; height: 413px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="After a weeklong course in negotiation training, Mulando petitioned relatives to cover her school fees by convincing them that her education was worth investing in. (Gregory Warner/NPR)" /></p><p>Earlier this year, we visited a high school in Lusaka, where coach Jean Mwape was leading a discussion with 50 teenage girls crowded into a tiny classroom. The students volunteered for this weeklong negotiation course taught by local university grads.</p><div id="res446322673"><div><div><p>At times, the language sounded like it was ripped from an arbitration manual, which, of course, much of it was.</p></div></div></div><p>&quot;Finding out the other person&#39;s interests helps you think of solutions to meet both your interests and theirs,&quot; Mwape says. &quot;OK?&quot;</p><p>The girls were brainstorming ideas on how to ask open-ended questions to figure out what their parents really want &mdash; and how to speak more effectively with them.</p><p>&quot;How can we become better negotiators?&quot; Mwape asks.</p><p>&quot;Practicing!&quot; the students reply.</p><p>Madalitso Mulando took this course two years ago when it was first offered. She found it so useful, she&#39;s back for a refresher, even though it means walking an hour each way from her house in Kanyama slum, past mangy chickens and mobile phone shops on flooded, muddy roads.</p><p>Mulando hops from stone to stone across the huge puddles.</p><div id="res446322499"><div><div><p>She opens a metal gate, slips off her plastic shoes, and she&#39;s home.</p></div></div></div><p>Her house is tidy and spare. The only decorations on the walls are her parents&#39; graduation photos.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Mulando fetches water from a tap a short walk from her home. Most Zambian schoolgirls have to advocate for their interests in a way that American high schoolers rarely need to, says Kathleen McGinn, a professor of negotiation at Harvard Business School." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-5_custom-a6829c700fe35c3e6533047f66895ae7688fb324-s600-c85.jpg" style="text-align: center; height: 399px; width: 600px;" title="Mulando fetches water from a tap a short walk from her home. Most Zambian schoolgirls have to advocate for their interests in a way that American high schoolers rarely need to, says Kathleen McGinn, a professor of negotiation at Harvard Business School. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></p><p>Mulando&#39;s parents care deeply about education. Her older brother and sister went to college, but her mom&#39;s grocery stand closed two years ago. Her father&#39;s hardware store is failing. And, so, one night this January her parents had to tell her they couldn&#39;t afford to pay her $150 yearly tuition.</p><p>This wasn&#39;t the first time this had happened to her. In ninth grade, she missed a whole term while her parents struggled to scrape together tuition. But this time around, Mulando vowed to use her new negotiation skills to do some fundraising with her extended family.</p><div id="res446322448"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Mulando lives at home, in Lusaka's Kanyama slum, with her extended family." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-6_custom-68f0b897a593d52f66d6de7a9ad856b196055c4f-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 450px; width: 300px; float: left; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="Mulando lives at home, in Lusaka's Kanyama slum, with her extended family. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>&quot;I learned a lot in negotiation,&quot; she says. &quot;If you want to ask something, you need to tell them what you want.&quot;</p></div></div></div><p>If she were going to cold-call her relatives, she&#39;d have to be crystal clear about her intention to finish school. Because most schoolgirls do drop out, she would have to prove that she wouldn&#39;t end up just another statistic: that she was worth investing in. She took some deep breaths, as she&#39;d learned in the training, and asked to use her mom&#39;s phone.</p><p>&quot;I first called my cousin,&quot; Mulando says. &quot;I was like, &#39;I passed my grade nine, but it&#39;s kind of difficult to pay my school fees.&#39; &quot;</p><p>Her cousin was impressed enough to send her $55.</p><div id="res446322380"><div><div><p>Then, she called her older sister, who gave her nearly $70. And somehow her parents came up with the last $25.</p></div></div></div><p>But she still needed money for textbooks. So she called the person her mother least wanted her to call: her uncle, Neba Mbewe.</p><p>&quot;I should say I&#39;m in a privileged position to help others,&quot; Mbewe says.</p><p>He&#39;s the managing editor of a big Zambian newspaper. He has helped Mulando&#39;s family financially several times in the past. But he also made it clear that he won&#39;t be their piggy bank. He won&#39;t bail out his nieces and nephews for what he called her parents&#39; business mistakes.</p><p><img alt="According to the World Bank, if girls in developing countries complete high school, there's a better chance they'll earn more and their kids will go further." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-7_custom-bdac9a8acb08e327feac2e0af10a5ecaa6cd87d4-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="According to the World Bank, if girls in developing countries complete high school, there's a better chance they'll earn more and their kids will go further. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></p><p>Mulando&#39;s mother, Dorcus Mulando, says the idea of begging from her older brother was shameful. He&#39;d refused them so many times before. So, when her daughter asked for the phone to call her uncle, Dorcus Mulando simply warned her: &quot;If he says he doesn&#39;t have [the money], don&#39;t get hate.&quot;</p><p>Don&#39;t get hate in your heart, she warned her daughter. Like most of us, she saw the situation as a fixed pie. Her brother had more, she had less. Any act of asking felt shamefully like begging.</p><p>Mulando, though, had learned to see it differently. She&#39;d learned about things like &quot;core values&quot; and &quot;aligning incentives.&quot; This 15-year-old girl didn&#39;t feel she was asking her uncle for money. She was expressing to him how much she desired to finish her education, something he has often encouraged her to do, and what she needed to achieve that goal.&nbsp;It&#39;s a subtle shift, but it made the difference.</p><div id="res446323488"><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Mulando with her niece, Destiny." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-8_custom-367f665c651ae714246833274813be22e3e464ca-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 600px;" title="Mulando with her niece, Destiny. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></div><div><p>&quot;Now that you&#39;re mentioning it, she was more focused on exactly what she wanted and how that would benefit her,&quot; her uncle recalls. &quot;The minute someone says &#39;education,&#39; that certainly hits a nerve in me.&quot;</p></div></div><p>Did she negotiate well?</p><p>&quot;Excellent,&quot; he says. &quot;She did a good job!&quot;</p><p>Mulando&#39;s uncle shelled out the $25 that she needed to buy all of her books for the year. And Mulando was able to enroll in 10th grade.</p><p>For a poor country like Zambia, these small choices matter. World Bank research shows that if girls in developing countries complete high school, there&#39;s a better chance they&#39;ll earn more and their kids will go further. The choices of teenage girls can have a socioeconomic impact across generations.</p><div id="res446322340"><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Now in tenth grade, Mulando is already planning how to negotiate her tuition for 11th grade. She's also trying to figure out how to get to medical school." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/06/zambia-1_custom-27714249e32568b6d2cf8c1568529a704876b2e7-s600-c85.jpg" style="text-align: center; height: 399px; width: 600px;" title="Now in tenth grade, Mulando is already planning how to negotiate her tuition for 11th grade. She's also trying to figure out how to get to medical school. (Samantha Reinders for NPR)" /></p><p>For Mulando, making it to 10th grade is only the beginning of a long string of negotiations to come. She&#39;s already trying to come up with a plan for how to pay for 11th grade, not to mention medical school. Still, she believes she&#39;ll be a doctor one day. And by the time her niece, Chichi, is 15, eight years from now, she hopes Chichi will come calling to negotiate with her.</p></div><hr /><p><span style="font-size:20px;"><strong>About This Series</strong></span></p><p><em>In many countries, the decisions teens make at 15 can determine the rest of their lives. But, often, girls don&#39;t have much say &mdash; parents, culture and tradition decide for them. In a new series,&nbsp;#<a href="http://www.npr.org/series/446115168/-15girls?source=blog">15Girls</a>, NPR explores the lives of 15-year-old girls who are seeking to take control and change their fate.</em></p><p><span style="font-size:20px;"><strong>Share Your Story</strong></span></p><p><em>No matter where you live, being a 15-year-old girl can be tough.&nbsp;Tell us:&nbsp;<a href="http://n.pr/1LzkPNo">What was the hardest thing about being 15?</a>&nbsp;Post a photo of yourself as a teen with your answer on Twitter or Instagram, and tag your post with #15Girls and @NPR.&nbsp;<a href="http://n.pr/1LzkPNo">More details here.</a></em></p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/10/08/446237057/can-t-afford-school-girls-in-zambia-learn-to-negotiate-the-harvard-way-15girls?ft=nprml&amp;f=446237057"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Thu, 08 Oct 2015 11:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cant-afford-school-girls-learn-negotiate-harvard-way-15girls-113240 Global Activism: Princess Kasune Zulu uses her HIV-positive status to save lives http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-princess-kasune-zulu-uses-her-hiv-positive-status-save-lives <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GA-Princess.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-73944e5e-04bf-ed6e-fccf-5360018697f2">Princess Kasune Zulu was diagnosed with HIV over 17 years ago, at a time when that particular disease carried a heavy burden of stigma in her native Zambia. Since then, Princess Kasune has been advocating for education and healthcare for communities affected by HIV/AIDS. Her journey as the founder and spokesperson for her non-profit Fountain of Life has brought her from a one-room village school in Zambia all the way to the White House. For our <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism"><em>Global Activism</em></a> series, she&rsquo;ll share her experiences as a leader in the fight against AIDS and discuss how the public conversation has changed about the disease since her diagnosis.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/141725390&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 27 Mar 2014 10:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-princess-kasune-zulu-uses-her-hiv-positive-status-save-lives Global Activism: Tikondane helps communities in Zambia http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-tikondane-helps-communities-zambia-106980 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/tikocondane.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Coming off a successful 2013 Global Activism Expo, we visit with one of this year&rsquo;s attendees. <a href="http://tikondane.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;task=view&amp;id=8" target="_blank">Elke Kroeger-Radcliffe</a>, founder and director of <a href="http://www.tikondane.org/" target="_blank">Tikondane</a>, a &ldquo;community uplift organization&rdquo; based in Katete, Zambia, tells us about her latest projects and the people involved with her work.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F87447030&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p></p> Thu, 11 Apr 2013 09:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-tikondane-helps-communities-zambia-106980 Film ‘The Carrier’ explores HIV/AIDS in Zambia http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-06/film-%E2%80%98-carrier%E2%80%99-explores-hivaids-zambia-97003 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2012-March/2012-03-06/THE_CARRIER_(KAT_WESTERGAARD)_2.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><a href="http://www.thecarrierfilm.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;"><em>The Carrier </em></a>is a lyrical film that follows Mutinta Mweemba, a 28-year-old subsistence farmer. Mutinta fell in love with dreams of marriage, children and a better life, but her new husband came with two other wives. Simultaneously, a deadly epidemic new to the area -- a mysterious disease called AIDS -- ravages the remote Zambian village Mutinta calls home. After learning she is both HIV-positive and pregnant, Mutinta sets out to keep her unborn child virus-free and break the cycle of transmission. <em>Worldview </em>talks with <a href="http://www.thecarrierfilm.com/the_carrier_filmmakers.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Maggie Betts</a>, the film’s writer, producer and director.</p><p><a href="http://www.unicefusa.org/about/special-events/UNICEF_Profile_Series/unicef-profile-series-chicago.html">Film Screening and Discussion</a>:</p><p>Film Row Cinema at Columbia College Chicago, Wednesday, 3/7/12, 6pm.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Trailer for <em>The Carrier</em>:</strong></p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/6oYyQxr8Bis" width="560" frameborder="0" height="315"></iframe></p></p> Tue, 06 Mar 2012 15:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-06/film-%E2%80%98-carrier%E2%80%99-explores-hivaids-zambia-97003 Worldview 3.6.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-06 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2012-march/2012-03-06/thecarrierkatwestergaard1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Five months after the CIA killed American-born cleric and Al Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki in Yemen, U.S. Attorney General <a href="http://www.justice.gov/ag/meet-ag.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Eric Holder</a> spoke at Northwestern University yesterday about how the U.S. can legally kill American citizens on foreign soil. <em>Worldview</em> contributor <a href="http://law.nd.edu/people/faculty-and-administration/teaching-and-research-faculty/douglass-cassel/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Doug Cassel</a> from Notre Dame Law School analyzes Holder’s remarks. Also, 28-year-old Mutinta Mweemba thought her dreams of marriage, children and a good life came true when she fell in love, but her new husband came with two other wives. At the same time, Mutinta's remote Zambian village was being ravaged by AIDS.<span style="font-style: italic;">&nbsp; </span>The documentary film <a href="http://www.thecarrierfilm.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;"><em>The Carrier</em></a> highlights a community's desperate struggle to emancipate its next generation from HIV/AIDS.&nbsp; <em>Worldview </em>talks with the film's director, <a href="http://www.thecarrierfilm.com/the_carrier_filmmakers.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Maggie Betts</a>.</p></p> Tue, 06 Mar 2012 14:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-06 Global Activism: A community centre in Zambia helps keep a village employed http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-05-19/global-activism-community-centre-zambia-helps-keep-village-employed-8677 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-May/2011-05-19/tikocontact.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Elke Kroeger-Radcliffe is the founder of the <a href="http://www.tikondane.org/" target="_blank">Tikondane Community Centre</a>. She’s been on the show before, and when she was in town for the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/event/2011-04-30/global-activism-expo-2011" target="_self">Global Activism Expo</a>, she stopped by to give us an update on how things are going at Tikondane.</p><p>The center is located in a small town called Katete in the eastern province of Zambia. Tikondane sponsors a community school, adult education and eco-tourism programs. They also offer a number of income-generating activities for people in the village.</p><p>Elke first went to Zambia as a nurse, with plans to teach basic healthcare, but she found herself doing a whole lot more.</p></p> Thu, 19 May 2011 17:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-05-19/global-activism-community-centre-zambia-helps-keep-village-employed-8677 Global Activism: Spark Ventures works with vulnerable kids in Zambia http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/global-activism-spark-ventures-works-vulnerable-kids-zambia <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2010-November/2010-11-04/Spark Ventures - 4.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Each Thursday we hear about an individual who&rsquo;s decided to work to make the world a better place.</p><p>Rich Johnson is one of the co-founders of Spark Ventures. One summer night in 2006, Rich and two of his closest friends went out to a movie. Afterwards they had a conversation about life-changing moments. By the end of the evening, they decided to take a trip to Africa and do a volunteer project.&nbsp;</p><p>Johnson tells Jerome how he ended up in Zambia.<br />&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 04 Nov 2010 14:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/global-activism-spark-ventures-works-vulnerable-kids-zambia