WBEZ | Here, There http://www.wbez.org/herethere Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en In U.S., abortion debate predates Roe by decades http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-12/here-there-us-abortion-debate-predates-roe-decades-90072 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/7203440510_0bd5feabbd_z.jpg" title="While the demand for abortions in the U.S. is on the decline, the debate remains polarized and political. (Flickr/American Life League)" /></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 12, 2011. </em></p><p>Friday we conclude our <a href="http://wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a> series on abortion with a look at the debate in the United States.</p><p>Earlier in the week, we learned that abortion in France is framed in medical, rather than moral and political terms, that laws in Mexico vary by state and that Portuguese women often struggle to find doctors to perform the procedure.</p><p>Though certain parallels can be drawn between our debate and those in other countries, U.S. abortion politics stand out as particularly divisive. The extremes on both sides dominate the cultural conversation. Politicians, activists and the media rarely attempt to find a middle ground.</p><p>To make sense of how we got here, we talk to <a href="http://cwpp.pdx.edu/content/dr-melody-rose" target="_blank">Melody Rose</a>, author of <em><a href="http://www.cqpress.com/product/Safe-Legal-and-Unavailable-American.html" target="_blank">Safe, Legal and Unavailable? Abortion Politics in the United States</a>&nbsp;</em>and&nbsp;founder and director of the&nbsp;<a href="http://cwpp.pdx.edu/" target="_blank">Center for Women, Politics and Policy</a>&nbsp;at Portland State University. Rose takes us through the long and winding path of U.S. abortion, starting at least a century before <em>Roe v. Wade</em>.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>On the abortion debate&rsquo;s starting point in America:</strong></p><p>&quot;[In the mid-19th century] doctors led the charge for restricting access to abortions in part to take away the clients of their midwife competitors &mdash; who normally handled abortions. . . Many women in abortion practices were not very safe, so doctors also made a safety claim.&quot;</p><p><strong>On pro-life activism</strong>:</p><p>&quot;Most of the pro-life activism in the U.S. in the 20th century was driven by social conservatives from protestant ranks. We can certainly look to the Catholic Church around its policies, which became stricter in the 1960s, but most of the social movement organizations in this country that formed in prior to and in response to<em> Roe vs. Wade. . .&nbsp;</em>were Protestant based.&quot;</p><p><strong>Before <em>Roe v. Wade</em></strong>:</p><p>&quot;[The 1873 Comstock Act] essentially equated any form of reproductive health advertising with obscenity and made it illegal to pass any of that material through U.S. mail. Most women received a lot of their information about reproductive health decisions and fertility options through the old fashioned women&rsquo;s magazines. Comstock was very effective in limiting ads for abortion, which cut off a lot of access for women.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Abortion became inaccessible for women in this country. For some periods of that time we had rising birth rates, more self-aborting and access to illegal procedures, which was leaving a lot of women dead and physically damaged. These trends in the mid-20th century lead us to the women&rsquo;s movement in the 1960s.&quot;</p><p><strong>Leading up to <em>Roe v. Wade</em></strong>:</p><p>&quot;Doctors begin to agitate on behalf of liberalizing access to abortion because they frequently saw women desperately seeking ways to control their fertility in ways that wouldn&rsquo;t leave them badly, physically wounded. So doctors began the movement to policy change in the 1960s and the women&rsquo;s organizations followed suit.&quot;</p><p>&quot;By 1973 when <em>Roe v. Wade</em> was handed down by the Supreme Court, there had been an entire decade or two of activism from doctors and women&rsquo;s liberal organizations.&quot;</p><p><strong>On the landmark <em>Roe v. Wade </em>decision: </strong></p><p>&quot;In 1973, Justice Blackman spent some time researching abortion practices across the world and cultures when deciding this case. He found that people were most uncomfortable with ending a pregnancy past twelve weeks.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Blackman created the &#39;trimester system.&#39; The ruling set up a system that gave women the greatest right in the first trimester. Following that, the state&rsquo;s interest in the &#39;future citizen&#39; grows as the emerging fetus grows.&quot;</p><p><strong>Important points following <em>Roe v. Wade</em>:</strong></p><p>&quot;The <em>Webster v. Reproductive Services </em>ruling opened the doors to more pro-life policy. This case claimed that if a fetus has rights at the end of pregnancy, then it certainly does at the beginning. It gave a lot of hope to pro-life activism.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The 1992 case of <em>Planned Parenthood v. Casey</em> created the concept that states have the ability to restrict abortion so long as that restriction does not create an &#39;undue burden to the woman.&#39; And since then, we have been debating what an &#39;undue burden to a woman&#39; really means.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p><strong>On what we face today:</strong></p><p>&quot;It&rsquo;s critical to know this trend: The vast majority &mdash;&nbsp;about 90 percent &mdash; of counties in this nation have no abortion provider.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Abortions are going down in the U.S. A lot of it has to do with contraceptive policy which is pretty liberal and the U.S. has been successful in controlling unintended pregnancy, which has reduced the demand for abortion.&quot;</p></p> Fri, 20 Jul 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-12/here-there-us-abortion-debate-predates-roe-decades-90072 Abortion politics in Russia fraught with fears over population decline http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-11/here-there-abortion-politics-russia-fraught-fears-over-population-declin <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: left; "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Abortion%20Russia%20AP.jpg" title="A 2008 protest to the high number of abortions taking place in Russia. (AP/Mikhail Metzel)" /></div></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broacast on August 11, 2011. </em></p><p>This week, to gain insights into this country&#39;s incredibly polarizing debate over abortion, we&rsquo;re looking at how reproductive issues play out around the world. It&rsquo;s part of our occasional series <em><a href="http://wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em>, where we compare U.S. policy on tough issues to those of other countries.</p><p>Russia has one of the highest rates of abortion in the world: 53.7 abortions per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 44, according to recent UN statistics. Those numbers, while grim, are much lower than statistics from the Soviet era. In the 1980s, there were 200 abortions for every 100 babies born in the Soviet Union.</p><p>In recent years, Russian leaders, worried about the country&#39;s declining population, have increasingly begun to view abortion as a threat to national security.</p><p>Today, we discuss Russia&rsquo;a tumultuous history with <a href="http://anthropology.unc.edu/people/faculty/mrivkinfish" target="_blank">Michele Rivkin-Fish</a>, a professor of cultural anthropology at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and author of the book <a href="http://www.iupress.indiana.edu/product_info.php?products_id=21954" target="_blank"><em>Women&rsquo;s Health in Post-Soviet Russia</em></a>. She says the story begins in 1920, when the Soviet Union became the world&#39;s first state to allow women to terminate unwanted pregnancies.</p><p><strong>On abortion in the early Soviet era:</strong></p><p>&quot;Abortion came to be seen by policy makers as necessary for mobilization of women into the workplace. It was not intended as giving women choice or rights to their body.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Motherhood was seen as an important act of citizenship and that you were giving birth to babies who would be future Soviet citizens.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The government provided childcare, housing and employment. They felt that since they were providing support, there was no reason women should control their fertility.&quot;</p><p>&quot;They did not make contraceptives available and that was the founding contradiction of women&#39;s reproductive health in the Soviet Union that in some ways continues till today, so abortion became the main means of controlling your fertility. The Soviets did not produce condoms and contraceptives in the market because they didn&#39;t want to promote fertility control.&quot;</p><p><strong>On rhetoric:</strong></p><p>&quot;Stalin put into place this idea of the &#39;heroine mother.&#39; Any women that gave birth to more than five children was given an award and extra benefits, a larger place to live and extra monetary allowances to help take care of the children. The &#39;heroine mother&#39; was a part of the Soviet propaganda, which many women did not buy into.&quot;</p><p>&quot;In 1955, Nikita Khrushchev came into power and legalized abortion because he recognized that women were dying in mass from illegal abortions. But he was also concerned with the rise of the birth rate, so he instructed the physicians and public health people to step up the fight against abortions. Public health campaigns and literature called abortions harmful, a selfish rejection of motherhood, a shameful decision, and warned women that they would become sterile.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Russia never saw a rise in birth rate. In fact, they were on the course of a big decline. This shaped much of the propaganda that followed.&quot;</p><p>&quot;...but economic conditions drove women&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp; then and today &mdash; to choosing to have just one child...conditions like communal living...five or six families sharing one kitchen and a toilet.&quot;</p><p><strong>Modern conditions:</strong></p><p>&quot;Today, there is no censorship on sex in the public sphere or on literature, sexual education or contraceptives.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Since 1995 there has been a significant decline in the numbers of registered abortions, due to the availability of contraceptives. Eighty-four percent of women are using some form of contraceptive. This is a huge change from the Soviet era.&quot;</p><p>&quot;There are also educational programs being offered by very progressive-thinking doctors and educators. These are offering kids and young adults information about how to control their fertility, how to have timely pregnancies, methods of abortion....but these groups are under scrutiny by the government, so they are always in a vulnerable position.&quot;</p><p>&quot;As women are still choosing to have fewer children, in 2006, Vladimir Putin established a new program called the Maternity Capital program. It gives a substantial amount of money &mdash; the equivalent of $10,000 &mdash;&nbsp;to women who choose to have a second or third child.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The government&rsquo;s agenda is to get women to have more babies. But this doesn&rsquo;t necessarily take into account women&#39;s reproductive rights or issues.&quot;</p><p><strong>Compared to the U.S.:</strong></p><p>&quot;There&#39;s not the same kind of abortion rights movement in Russia as in the U.S. Partly that is because it&#39;s very difficult to publically argue that women should have the &#39;right to abort.&#39;&nbsp; Abortion is seen as a symptom of the lack of a choice. It&#39;s not considered a positive right by really any one.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Abortion is seen as a necessary legal procedure, not a woman&#39;s right to choose. They are trying to reduce women&#39;s reliance on abortion to improve women&#39;s health.&quot;</p><p>&quot;There are groups of doctors, demographers and educators who are very concerned that women&#39;s access to abortion is being restricted, which could lead to dangerous underground abortions. Their efforts are aimed at increasing the use and availability of contraceptives.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Even though things are getting better in the overall abortion rate, the percentage increase in attempts to self-induce abortions in the last decade is a very ominous sign that women do not feel that they can get enough information and access in a timely manner.&quot;</p></p> Thu, 19 Jul 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-11/here-there-abortion-politics-russia-fraught-fears-over-population-declin In Portugal, abortion legal but many doctors refuse to perform them http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-10/here-there-portugal-abortion-legal-many-doctors-refuse-perform-them-9005 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RS6025_AP070208027154-scr.jpg" title="A pro-abortion activist hands out literature in downtown Lisbon. (AP/Armando Franca)" /><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 10, 2011.</em></p><p>This week, to gain insights into America&#39;s polarized abortion debate, we look at how reproductive rights issues play out in other countries. It&rsquo;s part of our <em><a href="http://wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a> </em>series, where we examine how other countries tackle universal challenges.</p><p>Tuesday we looked at Mexico. Wednesday we focus on another country with a strong Catholic presence: Portugal.</p><p>The Portuguese used to have one of the most restrictive abortion laws in Europe. That began to change in 2007, when voters approved a referendum to legalize abortion. Due to low turnout, the vote was not legally binding, but later that year the government signed a measure allowing voluntary abortions up to the 10th week of pregnancy.</p><p>&quot;When the referendum was passed in Portugal, the national doctors&#39; order &mdash; the equivalent of a doctors union &mdash; was against it. They felt it was a crime,&quot; explained Beatriz Padilla, a senior researcher at Center for Research and Studies in Sociology at the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.iscte-iul.pt/home.aspx" target="_blank">University Institute of Lisbon</a>. &quot;So they were given the right of objecting to do the abortion.&quot;&nbsp;</p><p>The percentage of doctors unwilling to perform abortions is very large.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;When you make an appointment, you have no idea if the doctor you are waiting to see in a few weeks is pro or con to doing an abortion,&quot; Padilla said.&nbsp;</p><p>Padilla, who studies gender issues in Portugal and the U.S., said the debate is very different in America.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;In the states, I was surprised by how many fundamentalists are involved in the debate,&quot; Padilla said. &quot;It&#39;s always about the fetus and never about the women.&quot;</p><p>Even though the Catholic Church has a lot of influence in Portugal, there is still a clear seperation of church and state, Padilla explained.</p><p>But where the government maintains this separation in theory, government practitioners actually have great latitude to influence women seeking abortions. So far, only private clinics, whose costs are high and not covered by the state, offer a solution to women who can afford it.&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 18 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-10/here-there-portugal-abortion-legal-many-doctors-refuse-perform-them-9005 Mexico City a progressive outlier in nation’s patchwork of abortion laws http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-09/here-there-catholic-church-big-player-patchwork-abortion-laws-mexico-and <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RS6022_AP080813047679-scr.jpg" style="height: 414px; width: 620px; " title="To show their support of safe abortions, activists displayed 8,000 self portraits in downtown Mexico City. (AP/Alexandre Meneghini)" /></div><p><em>This episode of the Worldview was orginally broadcast on August 9, 2011. </em></p><p>Tuesday we continue our week-long look at abortion laws in other parts of the world. It&rsquo;s part of our occasional series <em><a href="http://wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em>, where we look at how other cultures approach challenges we face at home.</p><p>Now we turn our eyes to Mexico, which, much like the U.S., has laws that vary from state to state. In 2008, Mexico City became the first &ndash; and so far only &ndash; place in the country to legalize voluntary abortion up to the 12th week of pregnancy. Like Washington, D.C., Mexico City does not belong to any state.&nbsp;</p><p>Not surprisingly, decriminalizing abortion was a controversial move in the strongly Catholic country. Fifty-three percent of Mexico&#39;s states are still advocating to impose stricter bans on abortion or criminalize it entirely.</p><p><strong>Tuesday on <em>Worldview</em>:&nbsp;</strong></p><p>To learn more, we talk to <a href="http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/faculty/ana-langer/" target="_blank">Ana Langer</a>, director of the <a href="http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/women-and-health-initiative/" target="_blank">Women and Health Initiative</a> at Harvard University&rsquo;s School of Public Health. She talks about the situation in Mexico and describes four Latin American countries that ban abortion under all circumstances, including rape and health of the mother: El Salvador, Nicaragua, Chile and Uruguay.</p><p><strong>On how the law became possible:</strong></p><p>&quot;A number of factors came together to make reform possible: A leftist government, which has been ruling the city since the late &lsquo;90s, almost 14 years now; a very, very active civil society with feminist groups playing an important role; and good information about the toll that unsafe abortion took on women in the capitol city and on women in the country in general in terms of morbidity and mortality.&quot;</p><p><strong>On the Supreme Court ratifying the law:</strong></p><p>&quot;The judges came to the conclusion that the law was constitutional. . . which came as a surprise to all of us. . . The Supreme Court is quite conservative.&quot;</p><p><strong>On the anti-abortion backlash prompted by the law: </strong></p><p>&quot;Usually what happens in the capitol city has a strong impact on the rest of the country. But in this case, that didn&rsquo;t happen.&nbsp; In fact, what happened was completely opposite to that. Since the law was approved, 17 out of 32 states &ndash; 53 percent &ndash; have now passed initiatives or reforms to ban abortion entirely.&quot;</p><p><strong>On the impact on access:</strong></p><p>&quot;A large number of women . . . travel to Mexico City to get abortions. The procedure is free for residents of Mexico City, but for those who travel they have to pay a fee, but the fee is very modest. . . In the states where abortion is banned, obviously, women with financial resources access abortion, which has always been the case. The poorer women have more difficulty in getting the procedure done at all.&quot;</p><p><strong>Has this changed the number of abortions?</strong></p><p>&quot;It&rsquo;s difficult to know the number of abortions performed before the law. . . there weren&rsquo;t any reliable statistics. But if we count legal abortions, the change was amazing &ndash; from a few dozen every year to. . . 52,000 by January [of 2011].&quot;</p><p><strong>On the political dimensions compared to the U.S.:</strong></p><p>&quot;In Mexico you don&rsquo;t see those people demonstrating outside of clinics. Never, ever has a provider been killed so far. . . People may pass judgment on women who seek abortions but it&rsquo;s not aggressive. . .The situation is not as polarized as in the U.S.&quot;&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 17 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-09/here-there-catholic-church-big-player-patchwork-abortion-laws-mexico-and In France, abortion no longer a political issue http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/france%20abortion%20de%20beauvoir%20AP.jpg" title="In 1971, Simone de Beauvoir signed the 'Le Manifeste des 343,' a list of famous women claiming to have had illegal abortions. (AP/Jean-Jacques Levy)" /></div><p><em>This episode of Worldview was originally broadcast on August 8, 2011.</em></p><p>As part of our occasional&nbsp;series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a>, we compare the abortion debate in countries other than the U.S. Monday we start in France.</p><p>At first blush, it would seem as though France has a lot in common with the U.S. when it comes to reproductive rights issues: Both legalized abortion in the 1970s and both had influential feminist movements that advocated changing the law and removing barriers to access.</p><p>But the similarities end there. In France, abortion has moved outside the political realm and into accepted medical practice.</p><p>What&rsquo;s behind this divergence? In an interview, Indiana University political science professor Jean Robinson argued it all started with a reframing of the concept in public debate.&nbsp;</p><p>In the 1970s, a group of several hundred prominent and powerful women, including renowned philosopher Simone de Beauvoir, signed a major newspaper ad admitting to having had an illegal abortion at some point in their lives. The media spectacle made it clear that abortion was an issue for&nbsp;<em>all</em>&nbsp;women, not just women seen as promiscuous or uneducated, spurring a national mood change towards the discussion.</p><p>The language that was used to talk about abortion was also changed. Beginning in the &#39;70s, the French word for abortion was taken out of use in public debates, and replaced by a term that translates as &ldquo;voluntary interruption of pregnancy.&rdquo; The change helped desensitize the issue and kept the conversation about abortion within a medical scope.</p><p>&ldquo;In France, abortion is a health care issue for women &mdash; not a moral, political or religious issue,&rdquo; Robinson said.</p><p>That&#39;s a sharp contrast to the way the issue is framed in the U.S. &mdash; where abortion activists are still referred to as &ldquo;pro-choice&rdquo; or &ldquo;pro-life.&rdquo;</p><p>The difference shows. &ldquo;France has fewer abortions than the United States &mdash; some of the lowest rates in Europe,&rdquo; Robinson pointed out.&nbsp;</p><p>There are several reasons for this, Robinson said, a big one being that sex education in France starts in the 6<sup>th</sup> grade. Also, there&rsquo;s a family stipend provided by the government: For every child born, the family gets money from the state.</p><p>&ldquo;There isn&rsquo;t real pressure to <em>not</em> have the abortion in most urban centers,&rdquo; Robinson said. &ldquo;But there is an attempt to reassure women from the state, that they will have full support if they keep the child.&rdquo;</p></p> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-france-abortion-no-longer-political-issue-90000 Here, There: Indiana becomes ground zero for U.S. abortion battle http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-indiana-becomes-ground-zero-us-abortion-battle-89997 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-02/indiana2.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Abortion has divided the American public ever since the Supreme Court's landmark ruling in Roe v. Wade. To try to gain some insights into our own decades-long struggle, today we kick off a weeklong series examining the abortion debate in other countries. It’s part of our occasional series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank"><em>Here, There</em></a>, where we examine how other cultures approach issues we tackle here at home.</p><p>First, we focus on a legal fight playing out in our own backyard. Earlier this year, Indiana passed legislation to defund Planned Parenthood. A federal judge blocked the law, but the state’s attorney general says he will defend the controversial statute. We asked <a href="http://www.wbez.org/staff/michael-puente" target="_blank">Michael Puente</a>, WBEZ’s reporter in Northwest Indiana, how the country’s most divisive issue came to the Hoosier state.</p><p><em>We want to know your thoughts on our weeklong </em><a href="herethere" target="_self">Here, There</a> <em>series on </em><em>abortion. To weigh in</em><em>, call</em> <em>our 24-hour hotline at <strong>312.948.4880</strong></em> <em>or email us at worldview@wbez.org. </em></p></p> Mon, 08 Aug 2011 14:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-08/here-there-indiana-becomes-ground-zero-us-abortion-battle-89997 Here, There: In the Netherlands, artistic community reeling from funding cuts http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-netherlands-artistic-community-reeling-funding-cuts-90194 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-05/netherlands2.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Today, we return to our occasional <em><a href="herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em> series with a look at arts funding around the world.</p><p>In the Netherlands, the government recently slashed 200 million Euros in arts funding. The cuts were met with a storm of protest.</p><p>Many of the Dutch insist that funding for the arts is a right, not a privilege, and that it's the government's job to support experimental art. We speak to <a href="http://vanderaa.net/" target="_blank">Michel van der Aa</a>, a house composer for the <a href="http://www.concertgebouworkest.nl/en/downloads" target="_blank">Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra</a> in Amsterdam, about what the cuts mean.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 05 Aug 2011 19:31:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-netherlands-artistic-community-reeling-funding-cuts-90194 Here, There: Canadian arts funding a buttress against southern neighbors http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-canadian-arts-funding-buttress-against-southern-neighbors-901 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-05/this.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Today, we return to our occasional <em><a href="herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em> series with a look at arts funding around the world.</p><p>Canada’s population is concentrated along the border with the United States, which remains its dominant cultural influence. In the 1950s, Canada worried its southern neighbor was overshadowing national culture. To strengthen a unified Canadian identity, it developed a sophisticated system of government support for the arts. We talk to Anna Upchurch, who studies the country's model as an assistant professor of <a href="http://www.leeds.ac.uk/pci/" target="_blank">Cultural Industries</a> at the University of Leeds.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 05 Aug 2011 18:20:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-canadian-arts-funding-buttress-against-southern-neighbors-901 Here, There: In U.S., NEA struggles to make the case for public funding http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-us-nea-struggles-make-case-public-funding-90180 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-05/arts3.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>In the U.S., the value of the <a href="http://www.nea.gov/" target="_blank">National Endowment for the Arts</a> can vary wildly, depending on who you ask. Some believe government funding for the arts is wasteful and that the value of art should be determined by the market; others think it's at the core of healthy civil society.</p><p>To help us understand the American model, we talk to artist, author and filmmaker Brian O’Doherty. &nbsp;Brian was a program director at the NEA soon after its formation in the 1960s.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 05 Aug 2011 16:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-05/here-there-us-nea-struggles-make-case-public-funding-90180 Examining South Korea’s shockingly low rates of gun ownership http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-02/examining-south-korea%E2%80%99s-shockingly-low-rates-gun-ownership-89983 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-02/southkorea.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In South Korea, guns are so highly regulated that even the criminal underworld has trouble arming itself. The country has one of the lowest rates of gun crime in the developed world.</p><p>As part of our <em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/herethere" target="_blank">Here, There</a></em> series where we we examine how other countries tackle problems we face here at home, <a href="http://history.ucdavis.edu/professor/kyu-hyun_kim#anchorContact" target="_blank">Kyu Hyun Kim</a>, a professor of Korean history at the University of California-Davis, tells us about South Korea's unique gun culture.</p></p> Tue, 02 Aug 2011 16:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-02/examining-south-korea%E2%80%99s-shockingly-low-rates-gun-ownership-89983