WBEZ | Chicago Matters http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-matters Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en What Comes After 20 http://www.wbez.org/story/what-comes-after-20-96577 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2012-February/2012-02-20/120129_WMG_What Comes After 20.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In 2012, Woman Made Gallery celebrates its 20th anniversary. For a grass roots arts organization in these times, 20 years is an accomplishment reflecting the organization’s sturdiness, maturity, and standing in the community. We begin our 21st year by celebrating poets in the 20s, a life stage in which the artist/poet is coming into her own, learning from the examples of those who came before, experimenting, finding and discovering her own voice. This program includes promising voices from both academic and performance arenas: <strong>Carina Finn</strong>, <strong>Meghan Foratjer</strong>, <strong>Hannah Gamble</strong>, <strong>Shelley Elaine Geiszler</strong>, <strong>Sara Jedd</strong>, <strong>Ji-Yoon Lee</strong>, <strong>Stephanie Lane Sutton</strong>, and <strong>Teresa Veramendi</strong>.</p><p><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-20/WMG-webstory_NEW.jpg" title="" width="150" height="75"></p><p>Recorded Sunday, January 29, 2012 at Woman Made Gallery.</p></p> Sun, 29 Jan 2012 23:44:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/what-comes-after-20-96577 Ear to the Ground: Jermont Montgomery http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-jermont-montgomery <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/archives/images/cityroom/cm_20071217a_large.png" alt="" /><p><strong>African Americans—traditionally over-represented in the military&#8211;are signing up less and less. Latino enlistment is also trailing off. So the U.S. military is having to work harder to meet recruiting demands. Critics of the Iraq war charge youth of color are being aggressively targeted for service, and that children of immigrant families are especially vulnerable to recruiters. Ear to the Ground mentorship program participant Jermont Montgomery works with young people in the Englewood neighborhood. He checked in with youth in his area to learn what the U.S. Military has been telling young men and women from his community to get them to sign up. Here's what he learned.</strong> <br><br>The African American community has long history in the U.S armed forces. My grandfather joined the Marines and fought in Korea, so that he could pursue a better life for myself, especially during a time of war, and I'm not alone. <br><br>PHONE: Army recruiting command, this is Douglass Smith, public affairs officer. Hello, Mr. Smith,&nbsp;this Jermont Montgomery, we finally got it together&#8230;.<br><br>I called Doug Smith to get the latest recruiting numbers. <br><br>SMITH: African-American recruits in fiscal year 2007 made up 15.5&nbsp;percent of recruits so there has been some decline, however, African-Americans are still over represented in terms of their army enlistments compared to the civilian population. <br><br>Smith says that Hispanic recruitment peaked in 2003 but has now leveled off at 12.4 percent.&nbsp;<br><br><em>ambi: Spanish TV army ad</em> <br><br>My friend, Sheena Gibbs, who works as an assistant at the American Friends Service Committee is convinced the army is heavily targeting Latinos through Spanish ads on television.&nbsp;<br><br>GIBBS: If you watch MTV they play military commercials after every single show that's on MTV these days, they have all different type of programs where they come to the different summer festivals like Puerto Rican Festival, different types of music festivals that cater towards Latinos. <br><br>I checked this with Doug Smith. He says the army has different marketing campaigns to reach both African-Americans and Spanish speakers more effectively. <br><br><em>ambi: march</em><br><br>I went to an anti-war march to talk to African Americans and Latinos&nbsp;about their experiences with military recruiters. <br><br>What many of the youth told me was that they have been approached while in school, in the hallways, at the lunch room table, in gym class.&nbsp;When I went to a&nbsp;military recruiting station, they put me on the phone with one of their superior&nbsp;officers. He then began to speak to me, like, "How&nbsp;old are you? Have you ever considered the military?"&nbsp;I told him I was 31, and he went on to say&nbsp;that we could &nbsp;recruit you up to&nbsp;42 years of age, and "what you doing right now?"<br><br><em>ambi: Army ad<br></em><br>What I kept hearing a lot more from everyone that I spoke with was that military recruiters are knocking on doors a lot more in Latino neighborhoods. Latino youth at that anti-war protest talked about repeated phone calls to their homes, and in some cases, unannounced home visits. <br><br>When I met Julieta Bolivar, she said Latino parents have been telling her the same thing. Bolivar is an immigrant parent who got involved with American Friends Service Committee after hearing other parents complain. <br><br>BOLIVAR:&nbsp;They're going to their house to see if they're going to be alone and they're going to be able to sign the paper without questioning. Because there's a lot of kids they think that's better for them...they're not working, they're low income family and they think that's going to help them. <br><br>One of the benefits the recruiters talk bout is expedited citizenship. Green card holders can apply for citizenship in three years instead of&nbsp;five if they enlist.&nbsp; <br><br>Parent Juliet Bolivar told me offering citizenship, money and free education to children of immigrants puts too much pressure on the kids who often feel they should support their families. <br><br>BOLIVAR: I know we can make it like a family. We don't want to lose our kids, and we're not prepared to lose, it doesn't matter how old he is or she is, we're not ready to lose any more of our kids. Not Latino community, not African-American, not nobody. I think they should stop. <br><br>I remember at 17 and not making the best decisions for myself and wanting to get away and have an adventure and see the world. At the time I thought about joining the military. But there was no war then. Now the stakes are higher. <br><br>Today's youth are making a much more critical decision. They must weigh out the opportunities that the military offers against the real possibility they will see combat. The decisions they make will affect not only them, but their families and their country. <br><br>For Chicago Public Radio, I'm Jermont Montgomery.</p> Mon, 17 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-jermont-montgomery Reporter's Notebook: Kisuule Magala Katende http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-kisuule-magala-katende <p>Kisuule Magala Katende shares&nbsp;more about the excitement he felt sharing his&nbsp;own—and other immigrants'—story about life in the U.S.&nbsp;</p> Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-kisuule-magala-katende Ear to the Ground: Kisuule Magala Katende http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-kisuule-magala-katende-0 <p><strong>Many African immigrants in the U.S. are separated from their families back home by thousands of miles. But for those lucky enough to have their families with them, there is a new separation—a separation between generations. Parents may find themselves at odds with their children over food, clothing, discipline, and ultimately, what it means to be &#8220;at home&#8221;. Ear to the Ground's Kisuule Magala Katende is currently hoping to bring his family to the U.S. from Uganda. But after speaking with other African immigrant families he is wondering if he is ready for what is in store.</strong>&nbsp;<br><br>As I work tirelessly to bring my wife and two daughters to the U.S., talk of their coming dominates our phone conversations.<br><br><em>ambi: phone conversation</em> <br><br>I find my self wondering how my family dynamics will be altered by the American way of life. <br><br>DAUGHTER: Hello, Daddy!<br><br>KATENDE: Hey Charlotte! How are you?... <br><br>My daughters have already given me notice. To them America is a land of great pleasure. <br><br>DAUGHTER: [translation] I want to come to America to see where Jackie Chan and Arnold Schwarzenegger act their movies. I want to ride bikes.<br><br>Sometimes I wonder if it's really such a good idea to bring my children to the U.S.<br><br>I work at a hotel in downtown Chicago. One of my friends there is valet parking manager Aziki Koko. He's from Togo. He has advice for African parents bringing their children to the U.S. <br><br>KOKO: It's difficult for them to understand how this society works. <br><br>Aziki says American culture is a bad influence. He says parents lack control over everything from television to discipline. Aziki thinks its so difficult he decided not to bring his children. <br><br>KOKO: For me it's giving too much room for children to do bad things, like showing children how to call police on their parents. <br><br>This is something I've heard a lot. Many Africans tell stories about parents getting into trouble with the police for disciplining their children. It probably doesn't happen often. But I did see the police come to my neighbor's home in Englewood. I told this story to my wife. But she thinks it is nonsense. <br><br>LYDIA: [Translation] Any child in my home has to abide by my rules. My children are African children. They will not watch every TV channel or go out drinking at age 13. I will ensure order in my house—if it means spanking them. <br><br>So maybe we'll have to get a parental control device for the TV. And it sounds like my wife will not allow my daughters to walk around in skimpy American fashions. But can we really stop them from feeling American? I talked to African parents who have brought their children here. I met the Kifle family at their home in the Uptown neighborhood. The Kifles came from Eritrea. Their children Mensa and Bethel have not visited Africa since they were young. <br><br>MENSA KIFLE: I think I stayed there for 2 months but I don't remember much at all. <br><br>BETHEL KIFLE: I visited Africa when I was 2 yrs but I hope to visit soon. <br><br>But both children told me they love Africa. <br><br>MENSA KIFLE: To my motherland Africa &#8211;that's my number one. I respect it so much. <br><br>Their father Gilia says he helps his children learn more about Eritrea. <br><br>GILIA KIFLE: We talk a lot about Africa &#8211;about Eritrea. Once in a while we watch Eritrean movies together and we talk about our culture. <br><br>But the Kifles don't plan to go back to Eritrea anytime soon. <br><br>BETHEL KIFLE: If I had a choice I would retire there but I would not go right now. <br><br>But me, if the opportunity came, I would go now. I hope to return to Uganda as soon as the political situation changes. There is no question where home is for me. But will my children still think Africa is home after living in the U.S.? <br><br>Outside my hotel, I often see Olu waiting for fares in his cab. I saw the Nigerian flag hanging in his window and decided to ask him about African fatherhood. <br><br>Olu brought his children to Aurora 15 years ago. He says he got concerned because his child did not know about Africa. <br><br>OLU: No children born in America would like to go to Africa. They always have a bad impression. They are taught a bad impression from school. <br><br>Olu decided to take drastic action. He forced his 13-year- old boy to go live in Nigeria. <br><br>OLU: I want him to know my people, my village, everybody I grew up with. And for him to understand my language he has to go home. <br><br>KATENDE: Does he want to come back now, and what do you tell him when he says &#8216;Dad, I'm tired. I want to come back and watch NBA and football'? <br><br>OLU: He always tells me every time I call him, because I call him regularly, he says &#8216;daddy I want to go home'. And I will reply to him &#8216;you are home'. <br><br>In the salon by my apartment in Englewood Dorothy Akola does braids for her African and African-American clients. Dorothy is from Togo. I often see her child with her on Sundays playing in the salon. <br><br>AKOLA: My last baby is born in Chicago, send him back Africa...<br><br>Dorothy took her son to Togo when he was 18 months old, and again when he was three. She wants her son to be as comfortable in Togo as in Chicago. <br><br>AKOLA: Because I want him to know where he comes from and I want him to know where the father and mother come from. <br><br>Dorothy gave me some advice. She says I should make sure my daughters go home to Uganda after living in Chicago. <br><br>But I cannot help but wonder what I would do if my daughters were to tell me "Uganda, forget it, America is home." And I'm worried how this might affect my relationship with my wife. <br><br>She says if there are better opportunities in the U.S. she would rather have the children stay here. <br><br>LYDIA: [translation] I would side with my children. If they can get better life in the U.S. so be it. Or else you may need to abandon me with the children. <br><br>So when finally my family settles in the U.S. the tricky journey begins. <br><br>For Chicago Public Radio, I'm Kisuule Magala Katende. <br><br>KATENDE: Bye bye&#8230; I love you&#8230; bye</p> Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-kisuule-magala-katende-0 Learn More About Susan T. Layug http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-susan-t-layug <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/archives/images/cityroom/cm_20071213c_large.png" alt="" /><p>Susan T. Layug came to the United States from the Philippines as a single parent determined to provide a future for her then-10-year-old son. Like many new adult immigrants, she did what it took to pursue this common dream. She worked as a housekeeper of north shore houses in her early years, then later as an airline reservations agent and as a sales manager of a small-sized home health agency. Through the years, between long hours of work and single parenting, she managed to sneak in her true passion—her personal writings. Her work has won awards, and has been aired on Chicago Public Radio.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-susan-t-layug Reporter's Notebook: Jermont Montgomery http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-jermont-montgomery <p>Jermont Montgomery learned how reporting reveals information for both the listener, and the reporter.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-jermont-montgomery Reporter's Notebook: Susan T. Layug http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-susan-t-layug <p>Susan Layug&nbsp;discusses the struggle to get the subjects in her story to share details about their lifestyle.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/reporters-notebook-susan-t-layug Ear to the Ground: Susan T. Layug http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-susan-t-layug-0 <p>The Philippines, has become one of the biggest labor exporters in the world. Filipinos who leave the country for economic reasons are usually women—and in the U.S., a good number of them work in the service industry. At one elder care facility in suburban Chicago Filipino women make up nearly half of the caregivers. These women often live round the clock with their elderly patients, many forsaking any kind of life of their own. Ear to the Ground&#8216;s Susan Layug got to know one of these women. &#8220;Rita&#8221; didn't want to use her real name for fear of getting fired. But Rita shared with Susan how she creates her own sense of place within the confinement and isolation of her work.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/ear-ground-susan-t-layug-0 Learn More About Jermont Montgomery http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-jermont-montgomery <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/archives/images/cityroom/cm_20071217c_large.png" alt="" /><p>Jermont Montgomery was born and raised in Chicago's south Englewood community by a single mother with his two brothers. After graduating from Harper High School, Jermont went on to attend Northeastern Illinois University, where his is currently pursuing a degree in physics.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-jermont-montgomery Learn More About Kisuule Magala Katende http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-kisuule-magala-katende <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/archives/images/cityroom/cm_20071214c_large.png" alt="" /><p>Kisuule Magala Katende is a veteran journalist from Uganda. Kisuule worked as a prominent broadcast journalist for Uganda's largest independent news service, The Monitor, and Radio Simba. As a popular radio talk show host, Kisuule interviewed a range of public figures—from Nelson Mandela to Robert Mugabe to Bill Clinton.</p> Thu, 13 Dec 2007 14:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/learn-more-about-kisuule-magala-katende