WBEZ | Honduras http://www.wbez.org/tags/honduras Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Kurdish diaspora and geopolitics http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-08-21/kurdish-diaspora-and-geopolitics-110685 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP433719952932.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>PKK Kurdish fighters are on the U.S.&#39;s list of terrorist organizations, but the U.S. supports its fight against the jihadist Islamic State. Ali Ezzatyar, lawyer and scholar on the Middle East, joins us to discuss the Kurds&#39; changing role in the region.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-kurdish-diaspora-and-geopolitics/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-kurdish-diaspora-and-geopolitics.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-kurdish-diaspora-and-geopolitics" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Kurdish diaspora and geopolitics " on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 21 Aug 2014 13:05:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-08-21/kurdish-diaspora-and-geopolitics-110685 Child migrant expert: The kids will keep coming http://www.wbez.org/news/child-migrant-expert-kids-will-keep-coming-110612 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/unaccompanied minors.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Federal officials recently announced they would close three temporary detention shelters in Oklahoma, Texas and California, in part because the flow of children across the southern U.S. border has slowed. The news comes weeks into a heated debate over what to do about large numbers of unaccompanied minors fleeing Central America.</p><p>But one Chicago expert, recently returned from studying migrant children in Guatemala, believes the slowdown won&rsquo;t last.</p><p>&ldquo;There is a culture of migration where, in many ways, it is a rite of passage that you do start to think about your household, you think about your family, you think about your future at age 13, 14, 15,&rdquo; said Lauren Heidbrink, an anthropologist and Assistant Professor at National Louis University in Chicago.</p><p>Heidbrink has authored a book on the topic, titled <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Migrant-Youth-Transnational-Families-State/dp/0812246047"><em>Migrant Youth, Transnational Families and the State: Care and Contested Interests</em></a>, and recently returned from a field study in the Departments of San Marcos and Quezaltenango in western Guatemala.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a different cultural context. There are different expectations of young people in Guatemala than we have of a 14-year old in the U.S,&rdquo; said Heidbrink.</p><p>While there, Heidbrink said she witnessed a widespread campaign to dissuade children from making the dangerous journey to the U.S.-Texas border. The U.S. Department of Customs and Border Protection has launched a <a href="http://www.dvidshub.net/unit/USCBP#.U-Kos_ldWSo">multimedia campaign</a> &mdash; which included commissioning a <a href="http://www.dvidshub.net/audio/37278/radio-psa-la-bestia-norte-full-version#.U-Kon_ldWSr">radio tune</a> modeled in the tradition of popular gangster ballads known as <em>narcorridos</em> &mdash; to emphasize the dangers of the journey to children and their families.</p><p>But in the indigenous, subsistence-farm communities where Heidbrink works, the messages are not taking root.</p><p>&ldquo;They know the risks,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;But the risks of remaining outweigh the risks of migration.&rdquo;</p><p>Heidbrink said many children believe subsistence farming won&rsquo;t be enough to support their families &mdash; and that way of life has been further threatened by toxic mining activity nearby. In other parts of Guatemala and Central America, kids may face different hardships. But in most cases, Heidbrink says they decide to leave for the same reason: they see little future where they are.</p><p>&ldquo;People don&rsquo;t want to migrate,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s a last resort for many people.&rdquo;</p><p>But Heidbrink said once children make the decision to leave, they&rsquo;re thrown into a vicious cycle. Those that are deported don&rsquo;t bring home the message that they shouldn&rsquo;t make the journey. On the contrary, Heidbrink said it becomes more necessary than ever for the children to try to reach the U.S. again.</p><p>&ldquo;Youth and families are being returned to the very situations that they fled, and nothing has changed,&rdquo; she explained. &ldquo;And in fact, layered on top of that, for many youth, is the added debt it takes to migrate.&rdquo;</p><p>Heidbrink said many families pay smugglers between $7,500 and $10,000 to get their children to the U.S. safely, with whopping monthly interest rates as high as 15 percent. Even with a college education, Heidbrink said most Guatemalans can&rsquo;t earn that kind of money. So many kids feel their only way to pay the debt is to <em>re-</em>migrate.</p><p>Heidbrink believes the U.S.&rsquo;s renewed focus on deporting migrant children faster will only make the problem worse. That&rsquo;s because the stigma of returning to their home without having successfully made it in the U.S. means they feel pressured to try again.</p><p>Additionally, Heidbrink said boys typically face ridicule for wearing different clothes, more hair gel, or listening to different music, upon being deported back to their communities. For girls, there&rsquo;s an assumption that they had to sleep their way to the U.S. &mdash; or that they were raped.</p><p>&ldquo;There&rsquo;s one family that I&rsquo;m working with who let their community members know their daughter had migrated to Guatemala City to work as a domestic laborer in someone&rsquo;s home, when in fact, she had migrated to the U.S.,&rdquo; said Heidbrink. &ldquo;And when she was apprehended and removed, they met her in Guatemala City&hellip; brought her traditional clothing and told her what story to tell the community so that she could avoid that type of stigmatization in her community.&rdquo;</p><p>She said the children see the U.S. as one of their only ways out of poverty, and emphasizing the dangers of the trip isn&rsquo;t enough to deter them. Instead, she said they might give the decision more pause if they realized how difficult life in the U.S. could be when they get here.</p><p>Daniel Restrepo can attest to that.</p><p>&ldquo;I remember my couple first days, I was so happy because I was made it in the United States,&rdquo; he said. Restrepo was 17 when he made the journey from Colombia three years ago.</p><p>Unlike the children that Heidbrink studies in Guatemala, Restrepo had an easy journey to the U.S.: he came on a plane with a tourist visa.</p><p>But Restrepo said he overstayed that visa because he felt Colombia was too violent and corrupt. He never thought life in the U.S. would also be hard.</p><p>Restrepo said he jumped at the opportunity to be a dishwasher in a restaurant, because his weekly paycheck of $300 was more than he&rsquo;d make in one month in Colombia.</p><p>&ldquo;But I came again to the real world that $300 is nothing,&rdquo; he continued, &ldquo;And I started to owe money, and that&rsquo;s when started the nightmare in the United States.&rdquo;</p><p>Restrepo works two jobs now, as a cook and a valet parking attendant, at downtown Chicago restaurants. He&rsquo;s barely making it. Last week the gas was shut off at his Logan Square studio because he owes $600 in unpaid bills. Restrepo said there are still no opportunities back home, but he&rsquo;s not making much headway here, either.</p><p>Heidbrink said it&rsquo;s been left to other parties &mdash; like non-profits in Guatemala &mdash; to share stories of struggle like Restrepo&rsquo;s.</p><p>&ldquo;People don&rsquo;t talk about those experiences, don&rsquo;t talk about the challenges and poverty that exists in the U.S.,&rdquo; she explained. &ldquo;So there is this idealized image of what it is to be living in America and working in America.&rdquo;</p><p>Heidbrink said, rather than emphasizing the dangers of the journey, the more effective way to convince Central American children to stop migrating to the U.S. may be to tell them what happens once they get here.</p><p><em>Odette Yousef is WBEZ&rsquo;s North Side Bureau reporter. Follow her </em><a href="https://twitter.com/oyousef"><em>@oyousef</em></a><em> and </em><a href="https://twitter.com/WBEZoutloud"><em>@WBEZoutloud</em></a><em>.</em></p></p> Thu, 07 Aug 2014 10:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/child-migrant-expert-kids-will-keep-coming-110612 Russia and the politics of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-21/russia-and-politics-malaysian-airlines-flight-17-110533 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP745914543716.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>International allies are putting pressure on Russia and Ukrainian separatists to cooperate with the investigation into the crash of Malaysian Airlines flight 17. We&#39;ll look at the policy options.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-politics-of-malaysian-airlines-crash-in/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-politics-of-malaysian-airlines-crash-in.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-politics-of-malaysian-airlines-crash-in" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Russia and the politics of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:26:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-21/russia-and-politics-malaysian-airlines-flight-17-110533 ICE nabs 29 in Chicago-area sweep for gang members http://www.wbez.org/news/ice-nabs-29-chicago-area-sweep-gang-members-98557 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/ICE_1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is talking up 29 Chicago-area arrests that were part of a national operation targeting transnational gangs.</p><p>Gary Hartwig, special agent in charge of ICE’s Chicago-area Homeland Security Investigations, said the operation began April 9 and lasted three days. He said police in Wheeling, Waukegan, Joliet and Elgin took part.</p><p>“I don’t have the time and resources to just go round up everybody who happens to be in the country illegally,” Hartwig said. “Our job is to focus our resources on criminal gangs and criminal organizations — in this case, transnational gangs — who are operating in our communities and making our streets unsafe.”</p><p>As a result of the Chicago-area arrests, ICE says, a 26-year-old U.S. citizen and two foreign nationals face criminal charges. Officials say the other 26 detainees are in deportation proceedings.</p><p>An ICE statement says the operation, dubbed Project Nefarious, led to more than 600 arrrests nationwide. The statement says the operation spanned 150 U.S. cities and reached Honduras. The operation’s impetus, the agency adds, was a 2011 federal report that identified gangs tied to human smuggling and trafficking.</p><p>The victims of those crimes include foreign nationals in the United States, but some immigrant advocates are withholding praise for the operation.</p><p>“We support ICE’s efforts to target criminal enterprises rather than immigrants whose only crime is working to support their families,” said Chuck Roth, litigation director of the Chicago-based National Immigrant Justice Center. “But past ICE actions have usually turned out to involve more arrests of bystanders and family members than of individuals actively engaged in wrongdoing.”</p></p> Wed, 25 Apr 2012 09:17:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/ice-nabs-29-chicago-area-sweep-gang-members-98557 IL Congresswoman Schakowsky calls for U.S. to suspend aid to Honduras http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-12/il-congresswoman-schakowsky-calls-us-suspend-aid-honduras-97212 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-March/2012-03-12/AP110318144117.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Since democratically-elected former president <a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/z/jose_manuel_zelaya/index.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Jose Manuel Zelaya</a> was deposed by a coup in 2009, human rights in Honduras have deteriorated. The country is now the murder capital of the world. Journalists, peasant farmers, LGBT activists and those opposed to current President <a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/l/porfirio_lobo_sosa/index.html" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Porfirio Lobo</a> have been harassed and killed. The perpetrators, often members of the police force and military, largely operate with impunity.</p><p>Shortly after the coup, Illinois Congresswoman <a href="http://schakowsky.house.gov/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Jan Schakowsky</a> went to Honduras and met with human rights victims and their families. She has been a vocal critic of U.S. support for the Lobo Administration. Schakowsky talks with <em>Worldview</em> about the human rights situation in Honduras, and the letter she recently initiated which calls for Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to suspend all U.S. aid for the police and military in the country.</p></p> Mon, 12 Mar 2012 14:58:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-12/il-congresswoman-schakowsky-calls-us-suspend-aid-honduras-97212 Worldview 3.12.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-12 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-march/2012-03-12/ap120220041145.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Human rights in Honduras have eroded since the 2009 coup, making the country the murder capital of the world. Members of the police force and military routinely go unpunished for human rights abuses. <em>Worldview </em>discusses the situation with Illinois Congresswoman <a href="http://schakowsky.house.gov/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Jan Schakowsky</a>, who has been leading the effort to suspend all U.S. aid to Honduras’ police and military until reforms are implemented. Also, former U.S. Homeland Security Secretary <a href="http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/history/biography_0116.shtm" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Michael Chertoff</a> says Chicago has our nation’s most “extensive and integrated” network of government video surveillance cameras. <em>Worldview</em> speaks with University of Illinois at Chicago professor <a href="http://www.rajivshah.com/index.html">Rajiv Shah</a>. His blog <a href="http://www.eyeingchicago.com/" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;"><em>Eyeing Chicago</em></a> focuses on video surveillance, smart “red light” cameras, and the 15,000 cameras that monitor Chicago.</p></p> Mon, 12 Mar 2012 14:23:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-03-12 Parents of assassinated activist sue Honduran coup leader in Texas http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-14/parents-assassinated-activist-sue-honduran-coup-leader-texas-96385 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-February/2012-02-14/AP091129026786.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Just one week after a 2009 coup forced Honduran President Manuel Zelaya into exile, he tried to return to his country by plane. A crowd of thousands peacefully gathered at Toncontin International Airport to welcome Zelaya back, but military troops blocked the runway. The forces fired tear gas and live rounds into the crowd of unarmed civilians. Nineteen year-old Isis Obed Murillo was shot in the head. Murillo’s parents, unable to find justice at home, filed a civil lawsuit in Texas.<br> <br> <em>Worldview</em> talks about the specifics of this unusual case with <a href="http://ccrjustice.org/about-us/staff-board/raymond,-laura" target="_blank">Laura Raymond</a>, advocacy program manager at the Center for Constitutional Rights — the group that filed the complaint.</p></p> Tue, 14 Feb 2012 16:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-14/parents-assassinated-activist-sue-honduran-coup-leader-texas-96385 Persecution of Afro-Hondurans rises after military coup http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-14/persecution-afro-hondurans-rises-after-military-coup-96384 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-February/2012-02-14/AP060926027693.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Garifuna are Afro-descendant people who primarily live along the Caribbean coast in Central America. Miram Miranda is of Garifuna descent and the general coordinator of the National Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras. The group works against privatization of natural resources and the cultural destruction of the Garifuna. Miriam discusses how police and paramilitary death squads in Honduras violently oppress them for control of their ancestral lands.</p></p> Tue, 14 Feb 2012 16:19:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-14/persecution-afro-hondurans-rises-after-military-coup-96384 Worldview 2.14.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-02-14 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-february/2012-02-14/ap040412011195.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Honduran military fired tear gas and live rounds into the crowd of unarmed civilians celebrating the return of their deposed president in 2009. Nineteen year-old Isis Obed Murillo was shot in the head and killed. His parents, unable to find justice at home, filed a civil lawsuit in Texas. <em>Worldview</em> discusses the case with <a href="http://ccrjustice.org/about-us/staff-board/raymond,-laura" target="_blank">Laura Raymond</a> of the Center for Constitutional Rights — the group that filed the complaint. Also, the Garifuna are the Afro-descendant people of Honduras. One of the group's leaders, Miriam Miranda, who's general coordinator of the National Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras, tells <em>Worldview</em> about the community's rich heritage and the violent suppression her people face at the hands of police and paramilitary death squads.</p></p> Tue, 14 Feb 2012 15:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-02-14 Government upheaval and Wikileaks revelations in Honduras http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-14/government-upheaval-and-wikileaks-revelations-honduras-91980 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-September/2011-09-14/honduras1.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Last week, there was a surprising shake-up in the ruling regime in Honduras. The country’s powerful security minister and foreign minister both resigned, bringing a wave of controversy to President Porfirio Lobo’s administration. The president came to power just two years ago by coup.</p><p>Security Minister Oscar Alvarez told the press that he lacked economic support for his efforts against drug violence and had found himself stepping on the toes of powerful interests. In addition to Alvarez and Foreign Minister Mario Canahuati, three deputy ministers in the areas of security, social investment and income also resigned from their posts.</p><p><a href="http://feministstudies.ucsc.edu/faculty/singleton.php?&amp;singleton=true&amp;cruz_id=dlfrank" target="_blank">Dana Frank</a>, a professor of history at UC-Santa Cruz and a contributor to <a href="http://www.thenation.com/" target="_blank">The Nation</a>, joins us for analysis of the recent upheaval. She also tells us what the new Wikileaks cables reveal about U.S. involvement in the politics of Honduras.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 14 Sep 2011 16:38:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-14/government-upheaval-and-wikileaks-revelations-honduras-91980