WBEZ | media http://www.wbez.org/tags/media Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Theft and Artistry: Coldplay, Beyoncé in India Spark Discussion on Appropriation http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/theft-and-artistry-coldplay-beyonc%C3%A9-india-spark-discussion-appropriation-114756 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/beyonce-video-a18c184763e3c9d31b4c5d5ffeb27da58b02d5eb-s800-c85.png" alt="" /><p><p>Here&#39;s what we know: Coldplay and Beyoncé will perform at Sunday&#39;s Super Bowl halftime. The duo just released a song called &quot;Hymn for the Weekend.&quot;</p><p>But they won&#39;t be performing it &mdash; because it&#39;s too new, according to the band. &quot;I don&#39;t think it would be quite right,&quot; said frontman Chris Martin,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.oregonlive.com/nfl/index.ssf/2016/02/what_will_coldplay_sing_at_sup.html">according to The Associated Press.</a></p><p>The decision comes as the song&#39;s music video has ignited a heated debate about cultural appropriation. The video, which uses India as a backdrop, has drawn a focus on where we draw the line between what&#39;s acceptable and what&#39;s offensive.</p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="435" scrolling="no" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/YykjpeuMNEk" width="620"></iframe></p><p>Recently, the debate over cultural appropriation hasn&#39;t been very hard to find. Just look at&nbsp;<a href="http://www.billboard.com/charts/hot-100">the top of the pop charts</a>, right now. At No. 2 on the Hot 100 is Justin Bieber&#39;s &quot;Sorry,&quot;&nbsp;a song that takes inspiration from Latin-American&nbsp;reggaeton.</p><p>Bieber dropped that single in October, and just as quickly &mdash; and thousands of miles away in Chile &mdash;&nbsp;<a href="http://pousta.com/reggaeton-justin-bieber/">a blogger called him out on it</a>.</p><p>&quot;The new single by Bieber is a tutorial from Skrillex on how to make reggaeton for white people,&quot; Maximiliano Jimenez wrote.</p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="435" scrolling="no" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/fRh_vgS2dFE" width="620"></iframe></p><p>Jimenez runs a runs the pop culture site&nbsp;<a href="http://pousta.com/">Pousta</a>&nbsp;and he said the song is a type of cultural colonialism.</p><p>&quot;The music business sees Latin America and this kind of music as an inspiration to make more money,&quot; he said.</p><p>Greg Tate, a musician who wrote a book about appropriation titled&nbsp;Everything But the Burden,&nbsp;says it&#39;s more complicated than that.</p><p>He says there is a key tension in any conversation about appropriation: First there is an artists&#39; desire to receive credit for their work &mdash; whether monetarily or artistically &mdash; and then there&#39;s the fundamental relationship between art and theft.</p><p>&quot;Your training as an artist is essentially about impersonation, imitation,&quot; he said. &quot;You learn to get better by kind of borrowing or adapting or training yourself in the way of the people who came before you.&quot;</p><p>In a lot of ways, that&#39;s why we keep having this conversation. We had it in the &#39;60s when George Harrison included a sitar in&nbsp;Norwegian Wood.</p><p>And then 20 years later, Paul Simon released&nbsp;Graceland,&nbsp;a lush album in which Simon reworked South African songs.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2012/09/03/160394864/paul-simon-on-making-graceland">In an interview with World Cafe</a>&nbsp;in 2012, Simon said that his intention wasn&#39;t to document the plight of black South Africans suffering under the oppression of Apartheid. It wasn&#39;t even to bring their music to the Western world. Instead, he said, wanted to make a good album.</p><p>&quot;My idea was, they play their best, I&#39;m going to play my best,&quot; he said. &quot;And that was my way of saying that I thought that they were extraordinary.&quot;</p><p>At the time many of the black musicians who played and sang on the album said they were happy with the collaboration in part because it had brought South African music to the global stage.</p><p>The legendary South African musician Jonas Gwangwa was one of the few dissenters.<a href="http://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/apr/19/paul-simon-graceland-acclaim-outrage">As The Guardian tells it</a>, when he heard someone praise Simon for shining a spotlight on South African music he replied: &quot;So, it has taken another white man to discover my people.&quot;</p><p>Since then, there have been many more examples. From the obvious:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theroot.com/blogs/the_grapevine/2014/07/katy_the_queen_of_cultural_appropriation_perry_is_at_it_again.html">Katy Perry in cornrows</a>&nbsp;and a Taylor Swift video&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/09/01/436653602/taylor-swift-is-dreaming-of-a-very-white-africa">filmed in an entirely white Africa</a>. To the more complicated: Shakira, a Latina of Arabic descent,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BzkbSq7pww">belly dancing</a>&nbsp;and Macklemore acknowledging the theft of black culture&nbsp;<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_rl4ZGdy34">in a nine-minute song</a>&nbsp;that exploits the very thing he&#39;s railing against.</p><p>Nitasha Tamar Sharma, a professor at Northwestern University who studies hip-hop, says she&#39;s not that interested in talking about when appropriation is right or wrong. She&#39;s not really interested in talking about why Eminem is controversial but Adele, who borrows from the tradition of soul, is not. She said ultimately what she thinks is important is the effect that thoughtless appropriation &mdash; perpetrated by a white person or a person of color &mdash; has beyond culture.</p><p>When we&#39;re presented with caricatures of other cultures, she says, it&#39;s easier for people to view them as sub-human. It&#39;s easier to pass unfair economic policies, for example, or even to start a war.</p><p>&quot;I think when people of color and dominated groups just become a backdrop with no voice and context, no humanity,&quot; she said, &quot;I think that&#39;s the problem.&quot;</p><p>That&#39;s what the video that goes along with Bieber track accomplishes she said.</p><p>&quot;For the most part, [the women] are just props: scores and scores of generally undifferentiated women,&quot; she said. The message he&#39;s sending is that &quot;he is drawing from Black and Brown cultural formation (with the track and the dances) absent the full presence of Black and Brown people and can do it just as good as they can.&quot;</p><p>Sharma said the same can be said of the Coldplay and Beyoncé song. Indian culture, she said, is presented with the same old stereotypes and it is relegated to a background.</p><p>Tate, the musician, has a much similar criticism of the song.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s just seems so damn corporate,&quot; he said. &quot;Something that a Duran Duran might&#39;ve done in 1985 and that just makes it mediocre.&quot;</p><p>However, Tate said, the discussion on appropriation is necessarily subjective, so he chooses to subscribe to the wise words of Public Enemy&#39;s Hank Schocklee.</p><p>&quot;He said the only question that matters is whether or not it&#39;s dope,&quot; Tate said. &quot;They may be offended but at the same time, they&#39;ll just have to admit you made something that works.&quot;</p><p>The bottom line, he said, is that the Coldplay/Beyoncé collaboration is not dope.</p><p><a href="http://www.npr.org/2016/02/06/465622102/theft-and-artistry-coldplay-beyonc-in-india-spark-discussion-on-appropriation?ft=nprml&amp;f=465622102"><em>&mdash; via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 05 Feb 2016 12:23:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/theft-and-artistry-coldplay-beyonc%C3%A9-india-spark-discussion-appropriation-114756 That Time Chicago Sent a Trainload of Snow to Florida http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/time-chicago-sent-trainload-snow-florida-114494 <p><p>Chicago loves winter. Talking about it at least. Inevitably, you&rsquo;ll lament the most recent snowfall with your neighbor. Inevitably, a Facebook friend will post a screenshot of Chicago&rsquo;s zero-degree forecast. &nbsp;And, inevitably, a media outlet like us will bring up the Chicago Blizzard of 1967 &mdash; if only to remind everyone that today&rsquo;s bad weather could always get worse.</p><p>But this isn&rsquo;t a story just about that blizzard; it&rsquo;s also about how the media talks about its aftermath. It&rsquo;s been nearly 50 years since the largest single snowfall in Chicago history, and not only are <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/politics/chi-chicagodays-1967blizzard-story-story.html" target="_blank">local news outlets still publishing retrospectives</a>, they&rsquo;re also still hung up on a single, microcosmic detail &mdash; <a href="http://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20150109/downtown/history-of-winter-chicago-it-could-be-worse-definitely-was" target="_blank">written in a sentence or two</a> or in a quote like this one, usually below the fold:</p><blockquote><p>&quot;Some of the snow from 1967, there was so much of it, they didn&#39;t know what to do with it,&quot; said Peter Alter, resident historian at the Chicago History Museum. &quot;They put it on train cars, and they shipped it to Florida for kids who had never seen snow.&quot; -<a href="http://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20150109/downtown/history-of-winter-chicago-it-could-be-worse-definitely-was" target="_blank">DNAinfo, January 9, 2015</a></p></blockquote><p>It was a tidbit like this that inspired a question that came all the way from a classroom of fourth and fifth graders in High Point, North Carolina. They had learned about the &lsquo;67 blizzard and, being school kids themselves, they were particularly enamored with the Chicago-to-Florida snow train delivery. So, they asked us for help filling in the blanks:</p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><em>Was there really a trainful of snow surplus shipped from Chicago to Florida school kids? How did that even happen?!</em></p><p>I&rsquo;ll tell you right now: It happened, all right, and the story&rsquo;s details are worth revisiting. Because when you retrace the making of this Chicago mini-legend, you can see click-bait journalism being written across the front pages of mainstream newspapers &mdash; 40 years before its time.</p><p><span style="font-size:24px;">Not all snow trains lead to Florida</span></p><p>The story of the Chicago Blizzard of 1967 starts on January 26, when it snowed for 29 hours straight. Having been 65 degrees just two days before, the storm took many people off guard. More than two feet of snow covered the region, with reports of drifts up to 10 feet high. Cars were discarded like cigarette butts over expressways. There was no public transportation, no access to grocery stores, no way to get to work. Twenty-three people died in the Chicago area, mostly from heart attacks while shoveling snow.</p><p>It took three weeks for the Department of Streets and Sanitation to plow the city streets. Desperate for places to put the stuff, they dumped it in any vacant lot they could find: Park District land, neighborhood lots, <a href="http://www.trbimg.com/img-563cc845/turbine/chi-110131-snowstorm-1967-pictures-010/1300/1300x731" target="_blank">even the Chicago River</a>.</p><p>Some Chicago rail yards came up with their own solution for snow that built up in their depots. It&rsquo;s kind of bizarre in its simplicity: Shove it on freight trains already heading south. The warmer weather would do the job, melting the stuff in transit.</p><p>&ldquo;They sent it because they wanted to get rid of it,&rdquo; A.W. Pirtle, supervisor of the Illinois Central Railroad&rsquo;s Memphis depot <a href="https://www.newspapers.com/clip/3848614/mt_vernon_registernews/" target="_blank">told the Associated Press</a> (probably rolling his eyes). And in Chicago, the ordeal made front-page news:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="400" scrolling="no" src="http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1967/02/11/page/37/article/hundreds-of-freight-cars-used" width="600"></iframe></p><p>Dozens of train lines followed suit, and this solution &mdash; extolled in headlines such as this &mdash; grew into a national story. It was picked up by the Associated Press, and photographs of trains carrying heaps of sooty, Chicago snow from the blizzard appeared in papers around the country as the rail cars made their way to Tennessee, Alabama and Texas.</p><p><span style="font-size:24px;">A 1,300-mile regift, remembered</span></p><p>The story was even picked up by national television, and eventually reached the ears and eyes of a 13-year-old girl in the town of Fort Myers Beach, Florida.</p><p>We found that girl through the White Pages. Her name is Terri Bell (last name Hodson at the time), and, at age 61, she still lives in Fort Myers Beach.</p><p>She says after hearing the broadcast about trainloads of Chicago snow heading south, she wrote a letter to William Quinn, the president of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, asking him to send her some snow because, as a Floridian, she had never seen any.</p><p>And he did.</p><p>It&rsquo;s just that 13-year-old Terri Hodson hadn&rsquo;t realized that all of the other southbound snow was shipped in uninsulated cars &mdash; the whole point being to <em>melt</em>. But Quinn, possibly sensing a brilliant PR stunt but possibly out of the goodness of his heart, had the snow shipped to Florida in refrigerator cars.</p><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://soundcloud.com/curiouscity/that-time-chicago-sent-a-trainload-of-snow-to-florida" target="_blank"><strong>Hear Terri tell her own story of getting Chicago shipped 1,300 miles to Florida</strong></a></p><p>And if the media went bananas over Chicago railroads sending snow south in uninsulated cars, they went banana sundaes when they heard about the special, frozen shipment to school kids in Florida.</p><p>Headlines from Pennsylvania to California read:</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://img0.newspapers.com/img/img?id=51235319&amp;width=557&amp;height=1226&amp;crop=3338_6901_824_1847&amp;rotation=0&amp;brightness=0&amp;contrast=0&amp;invert=0&amp;ts=1452895228&amp;h=8ae3bfd79913bdd017c5e1edbec509e4" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/youthsnowanswered.png" title="" /></a></div><p dir="ltr" style="text-align: center;"><em>The Mercury</em>, Pottstown, Pennsylvania</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/floridagirltoget.png" title="" /></div><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><em>Lincoln Journal Star</em>, Lincoln, Nebraska</div><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><div class="image-insert-image "><a href="https://img0.newspapers.com/img/img?id=17862377&amp;width=557&amp;height=1263&amp;crop=46_2385_468_1081&amp;rotation=0&amp;brightness=0&amp;contrast=0&amp;invert=0&amp;ts=1452894834&amp;h=d11eda3334b31dd27ff4730e3090f6a9" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/floridasnowrequest%20california.PNG" style="height: 201px; width: 400px;" title="" /></a></div><div class="image-insert-image "><em>Independent</em>, Long Beach, California</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p>And in Chicago, yet another front page story:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="400" scrolling="no" src="http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1967/02/21/page/1/article/train-heads-south-with-snow-for-girl" width="620"></iframe></p><p>Terri became a local hero and a national celebrity. She appeared on talk shows and was quoted in papers across the country. The town of Fort Myers Beach even held a special ceremony for the occasion, in which a local hardware store gave her a sled that was shipped to them by mistake. (She still has that sled, by the way.)</p><p>On February 27, 1967 &mdash; after almost a week in transit &mdash; the snow came rolling into the Fort Myers train depot, where thousands neighbors, parents, and kids were waiting. Some were skeptical, but a good number of the kids looked forward to playing in the white, fluffy, powdery stuff they&rsquo;d never seen before.</p><p>Except, Terri got something else entirely, after she&rsquo;d cut the ribbon to the train cars and a couple guys used a front-end loader to shovel the snow into the parking lot:</p><blockquote><p>I had expected it to be soft and powdery. You know, like, dripping snowflakes and it would just come pouring out of the car. Unfortunately after a week&rsquo;s ride in a refrigerator car it was no longer soft powdery snow. It was quite icy.</p><p>You could still kind of form it a little bit and do something with it and people were trying to build snowmen and snowballs and make snow angels and do the best they could with it. But, it was still snow and I could say I saw snow.</p></blockquote><p>Nearly 50 years after the event, Terri remembers playing in the snow was not that much fun.</p><p>&quot;It was the fact that I really got it, and all the cool things that happened to me around that,&quot; she says. &quot;Everybody says you&rsquo;ll have a claim to fame once in your life. That was the most exciting thing that happened in my life.&quot;</p><p>And though the snow melted almost immediately in the 80-degree Florida heat that February day in 1967, the short buzz of fame Terri felt has stuck with her ever since.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://img0.newspapers.com/img/img?id=36758128&amp;width=557&amp;height=694&amp;crop=1720_873_1676_2128&amp;rotation=0&amp;brightness=0&amp;contrast=0&amp;invert=0&amp;ts=1452895281&amp;h=1e086e25e489fdf1b852dc52b699bf6b" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/chi%20snow%20shipped%20to%20fla.png" style="height: 635px; width: 620px;" title="A photo of Terri on the front page of the Charleston Daily Mail the day after the snow's arrival. " /></a></div><p><span style="font-size:24px;">Vintage virality</span></p><p>The story about the Florida snow train had a lot of heart, but why was it enough to make the era&rsquo;s national media go berzerk?</p><p>Bruce Evensen, director of Depaul University&rsquo;s journalism school, says part of the explanation is that there were few media outlets at the time. Evensen, who&rsquo;s now 64 and was 16 during the blizzard, reminds us 1967 wasn&rsquo;t the age of social media. Cable television was still relatively new, and NPR hadn&rsquo;t even been founded.</p><p>He says the issue wasn&rsquo;t just that there was less &ldquo;news&rdquo;; hardly any of it was &ldquo;second day&rdquo; or feature stories. Basically, in 1967, &ldquo;news&rdquo; was hard news, and the Chicago-Florida snow train story was not only an exception, but an exceptionally popular one. Why?</p><p>&ldquo;A story of what to do with the snow when a city reaches the point where it can&rsquo;t handle snow is an interesting thing,&rdquo; Evensen says. And what made that irony particularly resonate, Evensen says, was Chicago&rsquo;s nickname as the &ldquo;Phoenix City,&rdquo; coined by Chicago Tribune managing editor and later city mayor Joseph Medill after the Great Fire of 1871.</p><p>&ldquo;So the joke &mdash; the parlour game &mdash; was that Chicago was not going to be stopped by the fire. Chicago was not going to be stopped by this paralyzing storm, even though it<em> was</em> stopped for 24, 36, 48 hours,&rdquo; Evensen says. &ldquo;[It] just was another suggestion of the city&rsquo;s sort of ironic muscularity: &lsquo;You want some snow? You can have it!&rsquo;&rdquo;</p><p>The story&rsquo;s news hook was its irony factor &mdash; a gesture of Midwestern politeness and can-do spirit, a simultaneous high-five and slap in the face while the city dug itself out of a frozen hell. And, considering the story&rsquo;s national virality as a slice-of-life spinoff outside the breaking news world, it&rsquo;s fair to call it a harbinger of a media landscape to come. It was a hashtag before its time.</p><p>Evensen suspects that, &ldquo;properly handled and exploited,&rdquo; the Chicago-Florida snow train story would get even more press if it happened today rather than in 1967. One reason: There are more news outlets and more competition for stories between them. Another reason: The media offers more social and cultural context to news stories than ever before, and coverage continues as long as there&rsquo;s proof of listener interest, Evensen says.</p><p>&ldquo;Even the mainstream media now is much more attentive than ever before to how the story is <em>going</em>,&rdquo; Bevensen says. &ldquo;What kind of visibility is it getting? You can measure this. So I think if they found that that kind of curious, funny story was getting attention initially, it might be boosted even higher.&rdquo;</p><p>So, to the Floridians out there looking for their claim to fame: consider the next northern blizzard your big break.</p><p>And pro tip to Chicago journalists and bloggers: Fact-check the legends. Some are still in the White Pages.&nbsp;</p><p><em>Logan Jaffe is Curious City&#39;s multimedia producer. <a href="http://twitter.com/loganjaffe" target="_blank">Follow her on Twitter</a> for more of these kinds of shenanigans.&nbsp;</em></p></p> Fri, 15 Jan 2016 15:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/time-chicago-sent-trainload-snow-florida-114494 Former Islamic Extremist Tries to Save Others From His Mistakes with Online Cartoon http://www.wbez.org/news/former-islamic-extremist-tries-save-others-his-mistakes-online-cartoon-114453 <p><p>Abdullah-X is a cartoon character who speaks with the accent of a working class Londoner.</p><p>But this bearded, honey-hued Muslim millennial also talks about crucial issues of the day &mdash; like Jihad, the Muslim identity,&nbsp;Islamophobia&nbsp;and terrorism &mdash; with a bit of an attitude.</p><p>&quot;If you can&#39;t tell when you&#39;re sold propaganda, then you run the risk of becoming propaganda yourself,&quot; he says in one video.</p><p>&quot;Have you not found a more constructive way to support the innocent people of Syria compared to trying to go out there and fight there to simulate some video game that you feel you have to enact in real life?&quot; he asks in another segment.</p><p>In the most recent video posted on Dec. 17, titled &quot;Trump and the Daeshbags,&quot; he says: &quot;Just when I thought my job here was done, the world goes on and gives me Trump.&quot;</p><p><strong>Taking the fight online</strong></p><p>&quot;The Abdullah-X Show&quot; on YouTube is the creation of a former Islamic extremist who says he was attracted precisely to the kind of ideology terrorists espouse these days.</p><p>He asked to remain anonymous out of concerns for his safety.</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Screen%20Shot%202016-01-05%20at%2010.35.55%20AM.png" style="height: 155px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Abdullah-X, the cartoon character. (Courtesy of Abdullah-X)" />The man, who today lives in east London,&nbsp;knows that today&#39;s extremists aren&#39;t preaching from a pulpit, in a park or at a street corner, but gaining direct access into living rooms and bedrooms through social media sites.</p><p>For a little over two years now, the creator of Abdullah-X has tried to provide a counter-narrative to the massive ISIS propaganda machine online, which bombards youth with its narrative of violence &mdash; using anything from cooking channels to its own version of the Grand Theft Auto video game.</p><p><strong>ISIS responds</strong></p><p>In the summer of 2014, an Abdullah-X video titled &quot;Five Considerations for a Muslim on Syria,&quot; got a 5,000-word response from an ISIS operative, a seemingly desperate effort to challenge the counter-narrative.</p><p>More than 60,000 people viewed that video.</p><p>&quot;For a project such as Abdullah-X, which is avant-garde and pretty nuanced, those aren&#39;t bad metrics,&quot; he said. &quot;We&#39;re not assuming that this is about reaching masses of people because masses aren&#39;t vulnerable to these issues.</p><p>&quot;But if one young man who suddenly sees an Abdullah-X advert flash across his screen and clicks on it, it might just save him a plane ticket.&quot;</p><p>News of Abdullah-X&#39;s success reached the White House in February during its Summit on Countering Violent Extremism. During this summit, President Barack Obama talked about the significant role former extremists can play in countering terrorism. Abdullah-X&#39;s creator has felt energized not just by the encouragement from the president, but also from the powerful reaction his cartoon character managed to get from ISIS.</p><p>&quot;The fact is that one of the most powerful terrorist organizations in the world felt the need to respond to a cartoon character,&quot; he said. &quot;The point of Abdullah-X is to plant the seed of critical thinking in the minds of young people who are out there, believing that Google is God.&quot;</p><p><strong>In and out of extremism</strong></p><p>He wasn&#39;t happy with the way he looked, where he was and how he was treated. So, the way into extremist networks was &quot;fairly simple&quot; for the man who created Abdullah-X.</p><p>His purpose in life at the time was to &quot;gain the pleasure of Allah.&quot; And that meant limiting his parents&#39; influence on him, becoming more withdrawn, keeping quiet about what he was learning and slowly taking on a politicized mantra.</p><p>&quot;Eventually, that narrative led me to bring out all the pent up anger that I had about myself and I tried to cast that stone on everyone else,&quot; he said.</p><p>He became an &quot;entry-level recruiter&quot; for Islamic extremist networks in London. He was most active with candidates between the ages of 16 and 29. He hung around college cafeterias and became good at spotting others like him &mdash; bitter, angry and lacking in confidence.</p><p>&quot;My job was to bring them into the ideology and then move them along.&quot;</p><p>Some of the men he recruited went on to commit violent acts. The extremist networks to which he brought fresh recruits served as &quot;shopping windows for terrorist groups,&quot; he said.</p><p>While the way in was easy, the way out was long, painful and complicated, he said.</p><p>It was not an epiphany, but a gradual thought process spread over three years that showed him the exit, he recalls. The turning point came when he realized how his ideology had turned his own neighbors into his enemies and how far he had strayed from the true teachings of Islam.</p><p>&quot;I realized I&#39;d become a pawn in someone else&#39;s chess game,&quot; he said. &quot;And I&#39;d always dreamed of being a knight.&quot;</p><p><strong>Putting experience to work</strong></p><div class="image-insert-image "><img a="" abdullah-x="" alt="" and="" class="image-original_image" counter-narrative="" extremist="" ideology="" is="" muslims="" program="" propaganda.="" provide="" seeks="" sonia="" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AbdullahX_Sonia%20Narang_2.jpg" style="height: 465px; width: 620px;" that="" the="" title="&quot;The Abdullah-X Show&quot; is a YouTube program that seeks to provide young Muslims with a counter-narrative to extremist ideology and propaganda. ( Sonia Narang)" to="" with="" young="" youtube="" /></div><p>Now, as a former extremist who is fighting the very ideology he once preached, the creator of Abdullah-X knows that between then and now, the terrorists&#39; narratives haven&#39;t changed.</p><p>&quot;If you&#39;ve been one of those people, you actually know exactly what they want to achieve and how they want to achieve it,&quot; he said. &quot;So, I&#39;m not afraid to put out content that young people definitely need to hear.&quot;</p><p>He also interacts &quot;offline&quot; with young people in schools and colleges, identifying himself as a former extremist, having conversations with youth about issues such as the true meaning of Jihad, the dangers of extremism and the backlash against Muslims after terrorist attacks, most recently in Paris and San Bernardino.</p><p>&quot;The stuff they are searching for on Google is often the same stuff they ask you about when you are standing before them in a classroom,&quot; he says.</p><p>One question he often encounters: &quot;Brother, is it OK to discuss jihad?&quot;</p><p>His answer: &quot;It&#39;s OK, brother, as long as you know which jihad you&#39;re discussing.&quot;</p><p>Jihad, he said, has become a dirty word in mainstream media.</p><p>&quot;I try to put out content that hopefully one day will bring us back to the true meaning of jihad, the greater jihad being one of self-struggle,&quot; he said.</p><p><strong>Grassroots effort</strong></p><p>Grassroots efforts against extremism&nbsp;such as Abdullah-X, which use the media of animation, graphic novels, music and even video games, are much more powerful than posts on the US&nbsp;State Department&#39;s Twitter account, said London-based counter-terrorism expert Ross Frenett.</p><p>&quot;Government sites have that finger-wagging approach,&quot; he said. &quot;But initiatives such as Abdullah-X are far more effective because they genuinely come from within the community and make an honest effort to speak the language of their target audience.&quot;</p><p>Very little currently exists to fight ISIS&#39;&nbsp;propaganda machine online, said Daniel Kohler, director of the Berlin-based German Institute on Radicalization and De-radicalization Studies.</p><p>&quot;There are statistics showing that the Islamic State produces 30 to 40 Hollywood-quality videos every day and sends them out on social media,&quot; he said. &quot;So, there is really very little out there to fight that kind of propaganda.&quot;</p><p><strong>The future of X</strong></p><p>Abdullah-X&#39;s creator plans to do more. He&#39;s already released &quot;The Adventures of Abdullah-X: The Complete Graphic Novel.&quot; And he is getting ready to launch Muslima X, a character, who he hopes will be able to speak to young Muslim women who are drawn to radicalism.</p><p>&quot;Muslima X has superpowers,&quot; he said. &quot;She can sense when people are turning toward hate and anger and she has two friends she has helped rescue from the allure of ISIS messaging.&quot;</p><p>He hopes Abdullah-X will inspire other characters who will &quot;carry on that flame of reason.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Because&nbsp;without reason, there is only madness,&quot; he said.</p><p>Much of this work has helped him heal too.</p><p>&quot;One of the most transformative experiences I&#39;ve had is being brave enough and open enough to share my own good and bad experiences and why I got involved in extremism and why I got out of it,&quot; he said. &quot;For me, the doing has become the healing.&quot;</p><p>This story was produced with help from the International Women&#39;s Media Foundation through the Howard G. Buffett Fund for Women Journalists.</p><p>&mdash;<em><a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2016-01-06/former-islamic-extremists-tries-save-others-his-mistakes-popular-online-cartoon" target="_blank">&nbsp;via PRI&#39;s The World</a></em></p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 12 Jan 2016 14:07:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/former-islamic-extremist-tries-save-others-his-mistakes-online-cartoon-114453 Language, Naming and Protesters in the Media http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-05/terminology-when-protester-called-thug-terrorist-or-patriot-media <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gage skidmore.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When <em>Washington Post </em>reporter Janell Ross woke up Sunday morning and started reading about<a href="http://www.wbez.org/news/ranchers-and-rancor-roots-armed-occupation-oregon-114353" target="_blank"> the situation in Oregon</a>, she was struck by the language used-or not used-in those stories to describe the men occupying the federal building and surrounding land.</p><p>Her column, <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/01/03/why-arent-we-calling-the-oregon-militia-terrorists/">&ldquo;Why Aren&rsquo;t We Calling the Oregon Occupiers &lsquo;Terrorists&rsquo;?&rdquo;</a> looks at a series of examples, from the mass shootings in San Bernadino and Charleston, SC. to the protests in Ferguson, Baltimore and Chicago, and wonders why &ldquo;some Americans are presumed guilty and violence-prone while others are assumed to be principled and peaceable unless and until provoked-even when actually armed.&rdquo;</p></p> Tue, 05 Jan 2016 14:53:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2016-01-05/terminology-when-protester-called-thug-terrorist-or-patriot-media UPDATE: 'Go Home,' Sheriff Tells Armed Men Who Took Over Federal Compound http://www.wbez.org/programs/takeaway/2016-01-05/update-go-home-sheriff-tells-armed-men-who-took-over-federal-compound <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/militia.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/militia.jpg?itok=lgcrZCN1" style="height: 349px; width: 620px;" title="Militia members keep watch at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon, January 4, 2016. A group of self-styled militiamen occupied the headquarters of a U.S. wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon in a standoff with authorities, officials and local media reports said on Sunday, in the latest dispute over federal land use in the West. (Jim Urquhart/Reuters)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><div><p>Oregon authorities have two words for the armed men who took over federal buildings and land in rural Oregon: Go home.</p></div><p>In an afternoon news conference, Sheriff David Ward stressed that the reason the outside &quot;militia&quot; descended upon their community was already over: two ranchers had voluntarily turned themselves over to officials to begin serving a prison term for arson.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;&quot;It&#39;s time for you to leave our community, go home to your families and leave this community peacefully,&quot; the Harney County sheriff said.</p><p>&quot;You said you were here to help the citizens of Harney County,&quot; the sheriff&nbsp;said. &quot;That help ended when that protest became an armed occupation.&quot;</p><p>The armed group, led by&nbsp;Ammon Bundy &mdash; the son of anti-government activist Cliven Bundy, who has his own standoff with government officials in 2014 &mdash; says it is protesting federal land use policies, including the&nbsp;arson conviction of two the ranchers in Harney County.&nbsp;</p><p>Bundy&#39;s group says it has dozens of armed men &mdash; more than 100 &mdash; and food to outlast a long siege. But journalists who have visited the site of the standoff,&nbsp;the headquarters building at the US Fish and Wildlife Service&#39;s Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, have reported seeing significantly fewer people, and just a small amount of supplies.</p><p>Still, local, state and federal law enforcement have taken a low-key approach to resolving the conflict, acknowledging it, saying they&#39;re monitoring the situation but not taking any overt actions to arrest or evict the militia.</p><p>For their part, the militia have vowed to resist any law enforcement intervention with force.</p><p>Amelia Templeton, a reporter for Oregon Public Broadcasting who has been to the refuge, said local residents are still trying to figure out what&#39;s going on &mdash; and form an opinion on who&#39;s in the right.</p><p>Templeton emphasized that this is a remote part of the state &mdash; and this particular wildlife refuge is often deserted at this time of year. Outside the refuge, there are a handful of ranches in any direction, but not much else.</p><p>&quot;Many people here relate to the concerns that Ammon Bundy has raised about things like federal overreach or the inability of ranchers or loggers to access federal lands in the way they did in the &#39;70s and &#39;80s,&quot; she explained. &quot;That said, I have heard from a lot of people, &#39;we don&#39;t think they&#39;re doing this the right way.&#39; Or, &#39;this isn&#39;t the way you go about these things.&#39;&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <em><a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2016-01-04/oregon-armed-standoff-between-militia-and-federal-officials-over-federal-land-use" target="_blank">via The Takeaway</a></em></p></p> Tue, 05 Jan 2016 14:12:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/takeaway/2016-01-05/update-go-home-sheriff-tells-armed-men-who-took-over-federal-compound Chicago girl receives threat for aiding Syrian protesters with social media http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/chicago-girl-receives-threat-aiding-syrian-protesters-social-media-112832 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/StoryCorps 150904 Alaa bh.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When Alaa Basatneh was six months old her parents moved from Syria to Chicago. Alaa went to school here but always paid close attention to news from the Middle East. In 2010 what became known as &ldquo;The Arab Spring&rdquo; transformed the region, and Alaa watched closely. She was only&nbsp;nineteen years old and living in the United States, but as Alaa tells her friend Zainab Khan, she&nbsp;felt she had to get involved.</p><p><em>StoryCorps&rsquo; mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></p></p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 09:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/chicago-girl-receives-threat-aiding-syrian-protesters-social-media-112832 Press freedom in Pakistan http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-10-23/press-freedom-pakistan-110983 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP886336077094.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>For the second time this year the Pakistani government has suspended the license of a private television news channel. We&#39;ll find out why Amnesty International says these suspensions are &#39;politically motivated.&#39;</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-press-freedom-in-pakistan/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-press-freedom-in-pakistan.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-press-freedom-in-pakistan" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Press freedom in Pakistan" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-10-23/press-freedom-pakistan-110983 Can you hear us now? No? Well, here's why http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/can-you-hear-us-now-no-well-heres-why-109727 <p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/135672786&amp;color=00aabb&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Doug1.JPG" style="height: 300px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Doug Schenkelberg: Astute radio listener (Courtesy of Schenkelberg)" />Doug Schenkelberg listens to radio all the time, but he recently noticed that he gets static at a particular intersection in downtown Chicago. This prompted him to ask Curious City:</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image "><em style="text-align: center;">&ldquo;Why does radio reception always go bad at the intersection of Canal and Van Buren Street?&rdquo;</em></div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">Embarrassingly, the signal Doug has been having trouble with at that corner is none other than WBEZ&rsquo;s and, it turns out, he&rsquo;s not the only <a href="http://curiouscity.wbez.org/questions/1641">listener experiencing trouble near that area</a>. &nbsp;</div><p>For the record, we didn&rsquo;t know the signal in question was ours until we started finding an answer for Doug, but it turns out that the physics that keep FM radio humming &mdash; and create problems &mdash; are shared by public, commercial, and educational broadcasters alike. And, the exercise of tracking down a cause is a reminder that the technology we care about is not always associated with the Internet.</p><p><strong>Some likely suspects</strong></p><p>WBEZ engineer Peter Femal points out that if radio broadcasting technology never existed today and people heard it was possible to &ldquo;build a signal that covers millions of people 50 to 100 miles from one single point,&rdquo; the response would likely be exuberant.</p><p>But maybe radio&rsquo;s overall reliability is partly responsible for its mystery. To straighten things out for Doug, we spoke with broadcast engineers about the obstacles radio signals encounter in cities. Here, we showcase a few common culprits.</p><p><strong>Distance</strong></p><p>Because radio is usually so reliable, the causes of bad reception can seem mysterious. The only exception, maybe, is distance, which is the most common cause.</p><p>Unlike the Internet, which is connected world-wide, radio broadcasts are limited to the signal coverage of their local transmitters and antennas. You probably know this from road trips, which add miles between your car&rsquo;s receiver and your favorite hometown radio station; the farther you travel, the weaker the signal gets and the more static you hear<a name="distance"></a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="383" scrolling="no" src="https://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/curiouscity/radio/distanceSmall/index.html" width="600"></iframe></p><p><em>Turn up your volume and drag in the graphic above (or <a href="https://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/curiouscity/radio/distance/index.html" target="_blank">open a full-size window</a>) to experience the effect of distance on radio reception. As you get further from a station&rsquo;s broadcast location, the signal will weaken, and you will hear static. If another station is broadcasting on the same frequency in another city, you might begin to pick up their signal as you get close to that city. Note: Interactive graphic works best with <a href="http://https://www.google.com/intl/en/chrome/browser/" target="_blank">Google Chrome</a> or <a href="http://http://www.apple.com/safari/">Safari</a>.</em></p><p>However Doug&rsquo;s problem area at Van Buren and Canal Street is less than two miles away from WBEZ&rsquo;s broadcast tower at the John Hancock Center. In Doug&rsquo;s case, there are more complex issues than distance at work.</p><p><strong>Shadowing</strong></p><p>The simplest, city-based radio problem is called shadowing, which is basically a fancy term for a big building getting in the way.</p><p>&ldquo;If you&rsquo;re in the right shadow of a certain building, our signal might have a hard time coming down into that valley,&rdquo; WBEZ engineer Peter Femal says.</p><p>In Doug&rsquo;s case, there&rsquo;s a mass of skyscrapers between his particular downtown corner and the transmitter at the John Hancock Center. With so many buildings between the Hancock Center and Van Buren &amp; Canal, the shadowing phenomenon means that WBEZ&rsquo;s signal is off to a rough start, and that&rsquo;s before we factor in multipath interference.</p><p><strong>Multipath</strong></p><p>Multipath interference is a bizarre phenomenon, in that it occurs when a radio signal interferes with itself. When a radio station broadcasts a signal, that signal propagates throughout the city, reflecting off of many of the buildings. Even if a signal has a direct path from your radio to the broadcast tower, that signal is also bouncing off the buildings around you. Sometimes a bounced signal and the direct signal hit your antenna together, but the reflected signal travels farther and is a bit delayed.</p><p>John Boehm, a broadcast engineer for Clear Channel, says that sometimes, the delayed signal will be stronger than the direct one. The delay between signal paths results in interference.</p><p>Doug&rsquo;s trouble spot lies in what you might consider an urban canyon; the corner&rsquo;s next to the Chicago River, which is lined with skyscrapers on either side. Radio signals can bounce back and forth from building to building in this canyon, creating prime conditions for multipath interference.<a name="multipath"></a></p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="383" scrolling="no" src="https://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/curiouscity/radio/shadowSmall/index.html" width="600"></iframe></p><p><em>Turn up your volume and d</em><em>rag around the graphic above (or <a href="https://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/curiouscity/radio/shadow/index.html" target="_blank">open a full-size window</a>) to experience the effect of shadowing and multipath on radio reception. Shadowing occurs when a building or other obstruction gets between your radio and the signal source. Multipath results when signals reflected off of buildings interfere with the direct signal. Note: Interactive graphic works best with <a href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/chrome/browser/" target="_blank">Google Chrome</a> or <a href="http://www.apple.com/safari/" target="_blank">Safari</a>.</em></p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/WBEZCuriousCityRadio-14.jpg" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; float: left;" title="We listen carefully at the problematic corner. (WBEZ/Shawn Allee)" /><strong>Other radio stations</strong></div><p>The last radio problem that&rsquo;s relevant for Doug and other urban radio fans</p><p>comes from all the other high-powered radio stations in the city. Peter Femal says that radio stations on other frequencies can make things difficult for listeners if &ldquo;they&rsquo;re near another very high power RF [radio frequency] installation. &hellip; Swamping their radio full of other stuff.&rdquo;</p><p>Under these circumstances, Femal says, car radios can get confused. If the radio station that you&rsquo;re trying to listen to has weak reception, some radios will look for the next most powerful signal, even if it is from a completely different radio station on another frequency. The resulting effect can sound like the ghost of another radio station haunting the one you are tuned to.</p><p>Many high-powered radio stations broadcast from the Willis Tower&rsquo;s antennas, which is right next to Doug&rsquo;s corner. The tower&rsquo;s radio signals give a confused car radio lots of other options. During a test conducted in a car parked at Doug&rsquo;s corner, a WBEZ engineer and I could hear Queen&rsquo;s &ldquo;Crazy Little Thing Called Love&rdquo; coming in from a music station &mdash; even when the radio was clearly tuned for WBEZ&rsquo;s signal.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/path%20alternate%20%281%29.jpg" title="The WBEZ signal travels a treacherous path to get to Doug’s corner. Shadowing from downtown’s skyscrapers, multipath from the Chicago river, and other radio stations from the Willis tower, all contribute to bad reception at Van Buren &amp; Canal. (Google Earth)" /></div></div><p>So unfortunately, at the corner of Van Buren and Canal street, it seems like static is coming from all of the above: shadowing from downtown skyscrapers, multipath interference occurring within an urban canyon along the Chicago River, and other radio stations from the Willis Tower&rsquo;s broadcast antennas. With all those issues, unfortunately, there&rsquo;s not much that can be done to improve reception at that corner.&nbsp;</p><p>But, in this day and age, many of us have the option of enjoying our favorite radio programs delivered static free, via podcast. Curious City, ahem, is just one of many available in <a href="https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/curious-city/id568409161" target="_blank">iTunes </a>and <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/CuriousCityPodcast">Feedburner</a>. &nbsp;</p><p><em>Mickey Capper is a Curious City Intern. Follow him <a href="https://twitter.com/fmcapper">@fmcapper</a>.</em></p></p> Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:17:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/can-you-hear-us-now-no-well-heres-why-109727 Protesters rally against Chicago Sun-Times photo layoffs http://www.wbez.org/sections/media/protesters-rally-against-chicago-sun-times-photo-layoffs-107573 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/c19862c4ceb711e28faf22000a1f99f9_7.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Local reporters, photographers and labor leaders gathered with picket signs outside the Chicago Sun-Times building Thursday, a week after the entire photography department at the newspaper was let go.</p><p>Cars driving by the rally beeped their horns as around 150 supporters chanted &ldquo;quality, not cuts&rdquo; and &ldquo;no more layoffs.&rdquo;&nbsp; Many of the faces in the crowd matched the bylines and names from the newspaper: Longtime Sun-Times columnist Mark Brown carried a sign that said, &ldquo;John H. White - &lsquo;nuf said.&rdquo; White, a Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer, marched just a few steps behind him, along with other former Sun-Times photogs.</p><p>Craig Rosenbaum, executive director of the Chicago Newspaper Guild, says they&rsquo;ve filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board that says the layoffs violate federal law. The Guild represents 20 of the photographers who were laid off.</p><p>&ldquo;This is one of the few cities that has two papers, the Tribune and the Sun-Times,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;And how are you going to be able to compete with the competition when you don&rsquo;t have two professional photojournalists?&rdquo;</p><p>Rosenbaum says the Guild is planning another rally for next week.</p><p>A statement from the Sun-Times Media group after the layoffs said the decision was &ldquo;difficult,&rdquo; but noted the media business is changing rapidly, and audiences want more video content with their news.</p><p>Meanwhile, many of the former Sun-Times photographers say they&rsquo;re trying to move on to freelancing and other projects.&nbsp; Rob Hart, who started at the Sun-Times over a decade ago, says he was serving dual roles at the protest Thursday morning: marching alongside his former colleagues, and photographing the protest for a freelance assignment.</p><p><em>Lauren Chooljian is a reporter for WBEZ. Follow her <a href="http://www.twitter.com/laurenchooljian">@laurenchooljian</a></em></p><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/protesters-rally-against-chicago-sun-times-photogr.js" type="text/javascript" language="javascript"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/protesters-rally-against-chicago-sun-times-photogr" target="_blank">View the story "Protesters rally against Chicago Sun-Times photography layoffs" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p> Thu, 06 Jun 2013 14:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/sections/media/protesters-rally-against-chicago-sun-times-photo-layoffs-107573 Making Media Connections 2013: OhBama! Discover the Tactics behind using technology in your campaigns http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/making-media-connections-2013-ohbama-discover-tactics-behind-using <p><p>The Obama for America team redefined how technology is used to run a successful campaign. Many of today&#39;s campaign strategist have taken notes after seeing what The Obama for America team has done. Knowing how to cater to your community and audience, understanding what tools are available to smaller nonprofit and how to access them is very important for all organizations. Non-profits must keep up with the innovation of technology and use the many communication tools that are out there for their benefit. Learn what technology is right for you and your organization, and how it can help you tell your stories and maximize volunteer and donor engagement.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CMW-webstory_7.jpg" title="" /></div><p>Recorded live on Tuesday, June 4, 2013 at Columbia College Chicago.</p></p> Tue, 04 Jun 2013 13:14:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/making-media-connections-2013-ohbama-discover-tactics-behind-using