WBEZ | independence http://www.wbez.org/tags/independence Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en The debate surrounding Scottish independence http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-30/debate-surrounding-scottish-independence-110576 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP790942196162.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Scottish voters will decide in September whether or not they want to continue to be a part of the United Kingdom. Edward Luce, Washington columnist for the Financial Times walks us through the arguments for and against independence.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-scotland-to-vote-on-independence/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-scotland-to-vote-on-independence.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-scotland-to-vote-on-independence" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: The debate surrounding Scottish independence" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 30 Jul 2014 11:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-07-30/debate-surrounding-scottish-independence-110576 Income inequality around the globe and the Catalonian independence movement http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-16/income-inequality-around-globe-and-catalonian-independence-movement <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Catalan independence really fixed.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>New data shows that income inequality continues to grow in the United States. Plus, we find out what&#39;s driving the Catalan independence movement in Spain.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-wealth-distribution-around-the-world-and" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Income inequality and the Catalan indpependence movement" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Mon, 16 Sep 2013 11:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-16/income-inequality-around-globe-and-catalonian-independence-movement South Sudan: One year after independence http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-07-11/south-sudan-one-year-after-independence-100801 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/south sudan.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Expectations were high one year ago when South Sudan gained independence. Many are optimistic about the direction of the country, but many also believe the fledgling country has failed to live up to expectations. Ethnic conflict in Jonglei State has killed hundreds on the border with Sudan. South Sudan&rsquo;s government is also in the midst of a huge corruption scandal. And war with Sudan to the north is always a lurking possibility.</p><p>Chicagoan Kenneth Elisapana is originally from Southern Sudan. He&rsquo;s the founder of an organization called <a href="http://www.southsudanhope.org/" target="_blank">South Sudan Voices of Hope for Relief and Development</a>, which runs a number of development projects in the country. He&rsquo;s currently in Juba and helps Worldview look back at the past year.</p></p> Mon, 09 Jul 2012 11:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-07-11/south-sudan-one-year-after-independence-100801 Declaration of independence: From politics to indie rock http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-07/declaration-independence-politics-indie-rock-100628 <p><p>The Fourth of July is, without question, my favorite holiday: It is the only holiday where it is socially acceptable to set off explosives, spend part of the day in a potato sack&mdash;ideally eating potato salad between hops&mdash;playing a fife with a flag painted across your face. But somewhere between a spontaneous relay race and a Roman candle flare, as Whitney Houston&rsquo;s (R.I.P.) rendition of the &ldquo;Star Spangled Banner&rdquo; blares in the distance, you stop to think about what it is you&rsquo;re celebrating: independence.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/wupsPg5H6aE" width="420"></iframe></p><p>When you think about what it means to be independent, context is key: When used in the American historical context, it is a celebration of sovereignty; when my mother uses it to explain why none of her adult children are married, &ldquo;independent&rdquo; is a euphemism. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/RS5974_AP080425032416-scr.jpg" style="height: 215px; width: 300px; float: left;" title="Kim Deal (AP/File)" />Given the broad breadth of its meaning, <em>Afternoon Shift</em>, decided to focus on three threads: political, personal and cultural. We gathered a red-white-and-blue-ribbon commission, comprised of independent thinkers, activists and artists: Laura Beth Nielsen, Susan Nussbaum, Steve Albini and Kim Deal.</div><p>Attorney and sociologist Laura Beth Nielsen is the director of the Center for Legal Studies at Northwestern University. She says the idea of independence in America is one of the most powerful concepts one can deploy in a political or legal argument. Its meaning has, like many things, evolved over time. In modern America, Nielsen says, independence is the freedom to do certain things&mdash;to speak, to assemble, to worship. But it&rsquo;s also the right <em>not</em> to do certain things.</p><p>&ldquo;So there&rsquo;s a positive and a negative element to declaring independence and freedom,&rdquo; Nielsen explained. &ldquo;And those things often come into conflict. And so it becomes the role of government to moderate and maintain that balance.&rdquo;</p><p>No problem there&mdash;one unanimous decision after another in American politics.</p><p>Independence Road is long, windy and difficult. Which is why, Nielsen says, we celebrate people when they&rsquo;re able able to break out of whatever oppressive system they&rsquo;re in.</p><p>Author, playwright and disability rights activist <a href="http://codeofthefreaks.blogspot.com/" target="_blank">Susan Nussbaum</a> says it is a uniquely American perspective to overemphasize and worship independence and the idea of &ldquo;going it on your own.&rdquo; The ability to pull oneself up by the bootstraps is revered. The trouble with that mentality, Nussbaum says, is that the feature we&rsquo;re raised with is that dependence equals shame. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>The ability to produce, engineer and create music independently is a point of pride for artists like <a href="http://www.electricalaudio.com/" target="_blank">Steve Albini</a>. Several years ago, the man who engineered Nirvana&rsquo;s <em>In Utero,</em> penned a manifesto of sorts, titled, &ldquo;<a href="http://www.negativland.com/news/?page_id=17" target="_blank">The Problem with Music</a>.&rdquo;</p><p>In less delicate terms than these, Albini described the moment before a band signs with a major label as teetering on the edge of a trench that&rsquo;s about 4-feet wide and 5-feet deep, maybe 60 yards long...filled with runny, decaying poop.</p><p>Albini was interviewed in the 2002 documentary, <a href="http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0397380/" target="_blank"><em>D.I.Y. or Die: How to Survive as an Independent Artist</em></a>.</p><p>&ldquo;Doing things yourself is valuable in its own sake because it teaches you more about the circumstances that you work in and it teaches you more about the different aspects of your existence,&rdquo; Albini said.&nbsp;</p><p>Established artists will frequently turn when an alternative, indie route reveals itself to claim complete control. For her band&rsquo;s first self-release, frequent Albini collaborator, <a href="http://breedersdigest.net/" target="_blank">Breeders</a> leader and Pixies bassist Kim Deal and her band mates tackled everything from artwork to web sales.</p><p>&ldquo;It seems that now, more than at any other time in the past, we could put the music out ourselves - hand-screen some cool artwork ourselves, sell the EPs at our shows and on our website, as well as get them to traditional record stores and other online outlets. So, we&#39;re just going to press up a thousand twelve-inch vinyls,&quot; Deal wrote in a press release about <em>Fate to Fatal&rsquo;s</em> release.</p><p>Deal is currently working with Albini at his <a href="http://www.electricalaudio.com/" target="_blank">Electrical Audio</a> studios in Chicago. So they joined <em>Afternoon Shift</em>, Nielsen and Nussbaum to declare their own interpretation of independence.</p><p>And we want to hear from you too! Tell us what independence means to you: <strong>Call 312-923-9239</strong> or join the conversation on Twitter at <a href="https://twitter.com/search/%23AfternoonShift" target="_blank">#AfternoonShift</a>.</p></p> Tue, 03 Jul 2012 13:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-07/declaration-independence-politics-indie-rock-100628 The history behind a vote for Scottish independence http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-30/history-behind-vote-scottish-independence-95954 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-30/scotland4.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Scottish government recently announced plans to hold a referendum on independence from Great Britain. Though Scotland has partial self-government, it's been a part of the United Kingdom since 1707.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>Today, <em>Worldview</em> tries to unravel the emotional and practical implications of Scottish independence with local Scot <a href="http://las.depaul.edu/geography/People/EuanHague/index.asp" target="_blank">Euan Hague</a>. Euan is chair of the geography department at DePaul University.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>To read an article by Euan Hague on the culture of the Scottish-American community, click <a href="http://www.scottishaffairs.org/backiss/pdfs/sa38/sa38_Hague.pdf" target="_blank">here</a>.</em></p></p> Mon, 30 Jan 2012 16:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-30/history-behind-vote-scottish-independence-95954 Ethnic tensions on the rise in South Sudan http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-12/ethnic-tensions-rise-south-sudan-95496 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-12/sudan2.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>There were high expectations and a sense of euphoria when South Sudan gained independence from the North last July.&nbsp; It was a battle hard won after years of fighting.&nbsp; But in recent months the challenges have added up. In the last few months there have been&nbsp; reports that clashes between two ethnic groups in South Sudan have led to mass killing.&nbsp; A massacre in one village left at least 3,000 dead. Tens of thousands were displaced.</p><p>Chicagoan Kenneth Elisapana is originally from Southern Sudan. He’s the founder of an organization called <a href="http://www.southsudanhope.org/" target="_blank">South Sudan Voices of Hope for Relief and Development</a>, which runs a number of development projects in the country. He tells <em>Worldview</em> what's behind the recent explosion of violence.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2012 16:15:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-12/ethnic-tensions-rise-south-sudan-95496 South Sudanese Chicagoan shares his feelings on independence for South Sudan http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/south-sudanese-chicagoan-shares-his-feelings-independence-south-sudan-88 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-11/AP110709121682.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>South Sudan became the world’s newest nation last Saturday. It’s taken nearly 50 years. Some two million people died in the struggle that led to Saturday’s festivities. Chicagoan Kenneth Elisapana joined in the celebration from Chicago. He fled his country’s civil war in 1992 and has worked to rebuild Southern Sudan since. He’s with us to talk about what this moment means to him.&nbsp; Kenneth is the founder of <a href="http://www.southsudanhope.org/%20">South Sudan Voices of Hope</a> for Relief and Development.</p></p> Mon, 11 Jul 2011 16:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/south-sudanese-chicagoan-shares-his-feelings-independence-south-sudan-88 Mauritanian in Chicago says 50 years of independence no cause for celebration http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/mauritanian-chicago-says-50-years-independence-no-cause-celebration <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/Abdul Kamara 001_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The West African nation Mauritania celebrated its independence from France 50 years ago on Sunday. Slavery remains widespread in the poor desert nation of 3 million, despite several attempts to ban it.</p><p>Seventy-two-year-old Abdul Kamara is a French-speaking Fulani from Southern Mauritania. He was among the tens of thousands of black Mauritians who fled the country in the 1980s to escape violence. He now lives in Chicago and says the Arab-led governments that took over after independence tore his life apart.</p><p>On a recent Sunday afternoon, Worldview producer Becky Vlamis visited him at his studio apartment at Friedman Place, an assisted living community for the blind on the North Side.</p></p> Wed, 01 Dec 2010 18:29:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/africa/mauritanian-chicago-says-50-years-independence-no-cause-celebration