WBEZ | National Register of Historic Places http://www.wbez.org/tags/national-register-historic-places Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Gary congregation seeks National Register status for midcentury modern church http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/2012-03-25/gary-congregation-seeks-national-register-status-midcentury-modern-church-97 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2012-March/2012-03-28/Gary modernist church_lee bey.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-25/P3252256.jpg" style="width: 630px; height: 473px;" title="The interior of St. Augustine's Episcopal Church, Gary, Ind. "></p><p>Worshippers at an historically black <span class="yshortcuts" id="lw_1332894474_0">Episcopal church</span> in Gary have mounted an effort to get their architecturally-daring midcentury modern building listed on the National Register of Historic Places.</p><p>Built in 1959, St. Augustine's Episcopal Church at 19th and Ellsworth would be Gary's first postwar National Register listing, if approved. The church was designed for the congregation by noted Chicago architect Edward D. Dart.</p><p>"It's a beautiful church," said longtime St. Augustine's member Paula DeBois who is leading the National Register effort. "St. Augustine's seems suited to being listed on the National Register."</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-25/P3252317.jpg" style="width: 630px; height: 534px;" title=""></p><p>St. Augustine's is an early work by Dart, whose modernist designs are being appreciated anew, particularly after his <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/metroblossom/444429813/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><span class="yshortcuts" id="lw_1332894474_1">Emmanuel Presbyterian Church</span></a>, <span class="yshortcuts" id="lw_1332894474_2">built in 1965 at 1850 S. Racine in Chicago</span>, was callously wrecked in 2007. His 1972 addition to the Lorado Taft Midway Studio on the University of Chicago campus was razed in 2009 to make way for the Logan Art Center.</p><p>Dart's modernism differed from the midcentury steel-and-glass esthetic of, say, Mies van der Rohe or Skidmore Owings &amp; Merrill. His worked with wood, brick, concrete, and angles--not unlike his contemporaries such as Harry Weese, or his mentor Paul Schweikher.</p><p>Dart designed about 100 buildings and churches including St. Procopius Abbey in Lisle; his own church, St. Michael's Episcopal Church in Barrington; <a href="http://www.ship-of-fools.com/mystery/2000/193Mystery.html">First St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church,</a> a brick and glass beauty from 1970 at 1301 N. LaSalle, and more. He was also responsible for scores of striking modern suburban Chicago homes.</p><p>While a partner at what was then Loebl Schlossman Dart &amp; Hackl, he designed Chicago's Water Tower Place, but died in 1975 at age 53 before the building was completed.</p><p>Dart, a white North Shore architect working with the black professional congregation in Gary is a "<span id="yui_3_2_0_1_1332894466970296">very unique and compelling American story" that deserves a national spotlight, DeBois said.</span></p><div><p><span>"Here's a congregation that&nbsp;chartered as an Episcopal Colored Mission in 1927 in a segregated era," she said. "Yet, they had the means and the sophistication to secure Edward D. Dart to build their new church home. The result is this magnificent structure that we see today.</span>"</p></div><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-27/P3252247.jpg" style="width: 630px; height: 436px;" title=""></p><p>For St. Augustine's--on a relatively tight budget of less than $100,000 according to DeBois' research--Dart produced a striking piece of architecture rendered in brick, red oak and redwood with a remarkable curved tent-like roof. As the above photos show, Dart brought the roof's curves inside the church allowing the exposed wood beams meet like hands in prayer.</p><p>St. Augustine's caused a bit of a sensation after it was completed. In 1960, the design won an American Institute of Architects Distinguished Building Award and an Honor Award from the Church Architectural Guild. The Chicago Tribune gushed over the building in a 1959 article with full color photos--although the newspaper never mentioned (or showed) the church's black congregation.</p><p>Not at all bad for a design that was "Plan B." Dart originally designed a more elaborate church that proved too expensive, DeBois said. Here are exterior and interior images of that first plan:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-25/P3252305.jpg" style="width: 557px; height: 640px;" title="The exterior of Dart's original design."></p><p style="text-align: center;"><br><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-25/P3252303.jpg" style="width: 630px; height: 383px;" title="The interior of Dart's original design."></p><p>But rather than abandon the project due to cost, Dart and the church's leadership worked together to produce a better-looking building for less money. Credit also goes to the late black structural engineer Richard Johnson, Sr., a St. Augustine's member who figured out those glorious curved beams that hold up the roof. (Johnson was the father of Chicago architect Philip Craig Johnson, of Johnson &amp; Lee Architects.)</p><p>"The second designed was accepted," DeBois said. "Personally, I love the second design."</p><p id="yui_3_2_0_1_1332894466970154">DeBois is wrapping up her work and expects to submit the nomination to the National Park Service this spring. If approved, the well-preserved edifice would join 18 other National Register sites in the northwest Indiana city.&nbsp;</p><p>"It's refreshing to see a long-time congregation working to preserve its heritage by recognizing that the modernist building it commissioned is one of its most valuable assets," said Lisa DiChiera, director of advocacy for the preservation organization Landmarks Illinois. DeBois reached out to the organization while researching Dart and his work.</p><p>DiChiera said the nomination would placed needed additional attention on Dart's work in the wake of the demolition of Emmanuel Presbyterian and the Midway Studio addition--and the unknown future of the shuttered and for sale <a href="http://www.landmarks.org/2009_8.htm">Church of the Resurrection</a> in West Chicago.</p><p>With an aging and dwindling congregation, DeBois said the designation will help make sure the church is recognized and preserved in the years to come.</p><p><span id="yui_3_2_0_1_1332894466970296">"The congregation remains dedicated to maintaining the integrity of the church," DeBois said. </span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2012-March/2012-03-25/P3252292.jpg" style="width: 630px; height: 473px;" title="St. Augustine's member Paula DeBois is leading the National Register effort."></p></p> Wed, 28 Mar 2012 13:50:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/2012-03-25/gary-congregation-seeks-national-register-status-midcentury-modern-church-97 CHA's Lathrop Homes: Once under the threat of demolition, now in line for a National Register listing? http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/chas-lathrop-homes-once-under-threat-demolition-now-line-national-register-listing <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/Lathrop.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img height="380" width="272" title="" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2010-December/2010-12-01/_8216023.jpg" /></p><p>The Julia C. Lathrop Homes, an historic 35-acre public housing development near Diversey and the Chicago River, could take a step toward being listed on the prestigious National Register of Historic Places under a vote being taken today by the Commission on Chicago Landmarks.</p><p>At a meeting this afternoon at City Hall, the commission will decide whether to recommend the Illinois Historic Sites Advisory Council list the 75-year-old housing complex on the National Register. The 15-member state council which decides what Illinois sites are named to the National Register, would take up the Lathrop listing at its meeting next week.</p><p>The National Register listing could mark a stunning change of fortune for Lathrop. The low-rise, 30-building complex in a park-like setting was slated for demolition as recently as 2006.&nbsp; Since then--and after lengthy talks with residents, neighbors and preservationists includling Landmarks Illinois, the city now seeks to redevelop Lathop in a way other than<a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/despite-earlier-prognosis-city-terminate-reese-building"> totally demolishing</a> what's there. Earlier this year, the CHA named a Lathrop redevelopment team that included blue-chip architectural talent such as Studio/Gang, UrbanWorks, Farr &amp;&nbsp;Associates, Brininstool Kerwin Lynch and preservatation consultant Vince L. Michael.&nbsp; A&nbsp;spot on the National Register would also bring preservation tax credits that could offset 20 percent of the cost of preserving and redeveloping the original Lathrop buildings--an amount that could be worth tens of millions.</p><p>Chicago has more than 300 National Register listings, including Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House, the Adler Planetarium and the Mies van der Rohe--designed 860-880 N. Lake Shore Drive. The list also includes Humbodlt Park, Lou Mitchell's Restaurant and the K-Town Historic District which made the register in September, honoring a district of West Side graystones bounded by Cullerton, Cermak, Kostner and Pulaski.</p><p>While scores of Chicago Housing Authority developments demolished over the past 15 years were bleak foreboding Postwar towers (think Robert Taylor Homes, Stateway Garden and the now-falling Cabrini-Green), Lathrop belonged to a humane, earlier generation of federally-built housing. Built in 1937, Lathrop was given sweeping green spaces, gardens and a riverside location. Buildings were clad in warm brick with decorative stone trim. The Public Works Administration assembled an all-star team to design Lathrop, led by <a href="http://www.emporis.com/application/?nav=company&amp;lng=3&amp;id=100545">Robert DeGoyler </a>with a supporting cast that included Hubert Burnham (Daniel's son); Hugh M.G. Garden; <a href="http://208.127.94.2/panel.asp?PanelID=PID041296339103207090319981121191000325">Tallmadge &amp;&nbsp;Watson</a>, E.E. Roberts and others. <a href="http://www.jensjensen.org/drupal/">Jens Jensen</a> did the landscape.</p><p>What they designed is pretty much what you see today. Let's look around:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img style="width: 475px; height: 357px;" title="" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2010-December/2010-12-01/_8216010.jpg" /></p><p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;<img height="380" width="435" title="" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2010-December/2010-12-01/_8216001.jpg" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img height="380" width="291" title="" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2010-December/2010-12-01/_8216015.jpg" /></p><p>&nbsp;In addition to Lathrop, the Landmarks Commission will also weigh National Register recommendations for artist Roger Brown's <a href="http://vincemichael.wordpress.com/2009/12/15/roger-brown-study-collection/">home and studio</a>, 1926 N. Halsted; and an overlooked but dazzling collection of <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/content/dam/city/depts/zlup/Historic_Preservation/Publications/Chatham-Greater_Grand_Crossing_Dist.pdf">terra cotta-clad buildings</a> on and around 79th &amp;&nbsp;Cottage Grove and 75th &amp; Cottage&nbsp;Grove.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 02 Dec 2010 09:17:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/chas-lathrop-homes-once-under-threat-demolition-now-line-national-register-listing