WBEZ | civil war http://www.wbez.org/tags/civil-war Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Digging up the history of a Civil War camp on Chicago's South Side http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/digging-history-civil-war-camp-chicagos-south-side-110969 <p><p dir="ltr">For days now, students and volunteers have dug up parts of a Bronzeville school yard on South Giles Avenue. They worked inside a bright orange net on a grassy field next to Pershing East Magnet School. This was once the southwest corner of Camp Douglas... and they&rsquo;re looking for proof.</p><p dir="ltr">Chris Brink is one of about a dozen DePaul University students and alumni which worked with the Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation. So far, there&rsquo;s been four digs of the 60-acre site. It&rsquo;s believed over 30,000 union soldiers trained and lived here before heading East for battle.</p><p dir="ltr">Previous digs have turned up a few nails, glass, and what they believe to be the main building&rsquo;s foundation.</p><p dir="ltr"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/keller.jpg" style="height: 187px; width: 280px; float: left;" title="David Keller, the managing director of the Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation. (Andrew Gill/WBEZ) " />David Keller is with the Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation. He said the problem with a dig like this, in an urban area, is that things have been built and torn down, sewers have been put in, lights have been erected and a lot of the historical stuff has been disrupted.</p><p dir="ltr">The goal of the excavation is to uncover enough relics to fill the museum they plan to build. But it&rsquo;s also a lesson in how history is recorded. Most of the primary sources of the camp come from old letters and <em>Chicago Tribune</em> stories.</p><p dir="ltr">And Brink said relics could paint a better picture of daily life at the camp.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;It sheds light on to stuff that&rsquo;s not in the history books. So, basically we are rewriting history,&rdquo; Brink said. &ldquo;And to do that, you need to go out and find it.&rdquo; &nbsp;</p><p dir="ltr">And this includes the darker parts of the sites history; its reputation as a &ldquo;death camp.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">After the Union captured Tennessee&rsquo;s Fort Donelson, the federal government needed to find places to house thousands of confederate prisoners. A third of Camp Douglas&rsquo;s 200 buildings housed POWs.</p><p dir="ltr"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/turner.jpg" style="height: 187px; width: 280px; float: right;" title="Bernard Turner, a director of the Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation. (Andrew Gill/WBEZ)" />And many of these confederate soldiers were not used to Chicago&rsquo;s harsh winters. Thousands died of pneumonia, smallpox and malaria.</p><p dir="ltr">The Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation&rsquo;s Bernard Turner said many historians don&rsquo;t want to think about their archeological site.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;A lot of people see the sign &lsquo;Camp Douglas&rsquo;, and they have a negative feeling about it,&quot; Turner said. &ldquo;And so what we&rsquo;re trying to do is let everyone know, that is not the only part of the story.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Turner is focused on community outreach, which included a partnership with the surrounding public schools.</p><p dir="ltr">They had local third graders sift through the dirt, while seventh graders wrote stories on the findings.</p><p dir="ltr">Turner said one of the biggest problems they had in engaging the community was that young people, particularly of color, don&rsquo;t know the history of their own neighborhoods.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;In this particular case, they go to school here and they don&rsquo;t even know what&rsquo;s right under their own noses,&rdquo; he said.</p><p dir="ltr">And right under their noses, is another forgotten part of Camp Douglas&rsquo;s history.</p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/embed4.jpg" title="(Andrew Gill/WBEZ)" /></div><p dir="ltr">This was one of the few Union camps that received and trained some of the around 180,000 African-American soldiers who fought in the war.</p><p dir="ltr">Turner and Keller highlighted this link because it gave students a sense of pride and connection to their past.</p><p dir="ltr">Keller said the goal is to have the community get a better sense of its own history.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;You really are digging a timeline of the community. So, it&rsquo;s just as important for us what we find from the Bronzeville area,&rdquo; Keller said.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><iframe frameborder="0" height="226" scrolling="no" src="http://gfycat.com/ifr/ShamelessBestBison" style="-webkit-backface-visibility: hidden;-webkit-transform: scale(1);" width="402"></iframe></p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size:10px;">Above: Volunteers show the excavation process as they hunt for remains of the Camp Douglas prisoner of war camp.</span></strong></p><p dir="ltr">Southside Resident Sir Cedric Liggens helped with the dig.</p><p dir="ltr">He said people from the community would stop, ask questions, and seemed to take a general interest in what they were doing</p><p dir="ltr">Liggens enjoyed the process.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;It&rsquo;s human record. And It&rsquo;s going back and reviewing your own records,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;What was here, what happened, who was here, who did what. And it&rsquo;s a really good way to learn something from what already happened.&rdquo;</p><p dir="ltr">Monday, for the first time in over 150 years, the community raises an official marker commemorating the site.</p><p dir="ltr"><em>Corrected Oct. 21: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated the number of African American soldiers who fought for the Union in the Civil War. The correct number is around 180,000.</em></p><p dir="ltr"><em>Claudia Morell covers business as a WBEZ intern. You can follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/claudiamorell" target="_blank">@claudiamorell</a>.</em></p></p> Mon, 20 Oct 2014 16:09:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/digging-history-civil-war-camp-chicagos-south-side-110969 Syria re-elects Assad as civil war continues http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-05/syria-re-elects-assad-civil-war-continues-110286 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/barrell bombs hospital_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>In the midst of civil war, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad was reelected in an election widely condemned by Western governments. Dr Zaher Sahloul, president of the Syrian American Medical Society, tells us whether he thinks the election will impact the country&#39;s ongoing humanitarian crisis.&nbsp;</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-syria-re-elects-assad-as-civil-war-conti/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-syria-re-elects-assad-as-civil-war-conti.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-syria-re-elects-assad-as-civil-war-conti" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Syria re-elects Assad as civil war continues" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:53:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-05/syria-re-elects-assad-civil-war-continues-110286 The Secrets of Mary Bowser http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/secrets-mary-bowser-107504 <p><div><strong>Lois Leveen</strong>, the Newberry&rsquo;s 2013 Arthur and Lila Weinberg Fellow, discusses the research behind The Secrets of Mary Bowser, her novel based on the true story of a former slave who became a Union spy in the Confederate White House.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Dr. Leveen provides insight into the lives of free and enslaved blacks in urban, industrialized Richmond; into the thriving black community in antebellum Philadelphia; and into how blacks and whites worked together in the pro-Union underground that operated in Richmond during the war. The author also explores what it means to teach&mdash;and learn&mdash; African American history through fiction. What happens when ordinary people do extraordinary things?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Award-winning author Lois Leveen earned degrees in history and literature from Harvard, the University of Southern California, and UCLA, and taught at UCLA and at Reed College. She is a regular contributor to Disunion, the New York Times coverage of the sesquicentennial of the Civil War.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/TNL-webstory_5.jpg" title="" /></div></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Recorded live on Thursday, May 23, 2013 at the Newberry Library.</div></p> Thu, 23 May 2013 16:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/secrets-mary-bowser-107504 How Chicago Celebrated the end of the Civil War http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-04/how-chicago-celebrated-end-civil-war-106526 <p><p>Peace!&nbsp;Victory!&nbsp;My eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord!&nbsp;</p><p>It was April 1865. After four bloody years, America&rsquo;s Civil War was over.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Lee%20surrenders.jpg" title="Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House. (Author's collection)" /></div><p>General Robert E. Lee had surrendered his army in Virginia.&nbsp;There were still some rebel forces fighting in other places.&nbsp;But now that Lee had given up, the rest of the South would surely accept defeat.</p><p>Chicago had&nbsp;been&nbsp;on edge for days, waiting for Lee to capitulate.&nbsp;Then,&nbsp;early on&nbsp;Sunday evening&mdash;April 9&mdash;the joyous tidings flashed over the telegraph.&nbsp;And the city celebrated.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Lee%20Surrender.jpg" style="width: 260px; height: 212px; float: right;" title="How Detroit celebrated the news of the war's end. (Library of Congress)" /></div><p>People took to the streets, shouting and firing guns into the air.&nbsp;An impromptu parade started marching down Lake Street.&nbsp;As night fell, bonfires were lit.&nbsp;Straw-filled dummies labeled with the names of rebel leaders were tossed into the fires.&nbsp;Other dummies were hung from trees, where they served as handy targets for&nbsp;revelers flinging horse dung.</p><p>At midnight the hundred guns of the Dearborn Light Artillery boomed.&nbsp;The noise continued through the night and into the dawn.&nbsp;Whether any of the city&rsquo;s 200,000 residents got&nbsp;much sleep was doubtful.</p><p>Monday came.&nbsp;Nobody felt like going to work, and most businesses remained closed.&nbsp;The Court House, the newspaper offices, and other important buildings were decorated with bunting.&nbsp;Street vendors selling tiny American flags on sticks couldn&rsquo;t keep up with the demand. Another night of&nbsp;celebration followed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Trib%20offices.jpg" style="width: 260px; height: 176px; float: left;" title="Tribune offices (Andreas, 'History of Chicago')" /></div><p>As the sun rose on Tuesday, Chicago finally started getting back to normal.&nbsp;Though the war had not always been popular in the North, the <em>Tribune</em> had supported it whole-heartedly.&nbsp;Publisher Joseph Medill was a leader in the Republican Party and a close friend of President Abraham Lincoln.</p><p>Now that war was over, the <em>Tribune</em> reminded readers that many Democrats had defended the evil of slavery. Those Democrats had thought that compromise was possible. They had urged the North to make peace with the rebels. And as long as the North had fought the war&nbsp;in a half-hearted, &ldquo;Democrat&rdquo; way, the&nbsp;South could not be conquered.</p><p>Then the government had decided to fight in a &ldquo;Republican&rdquo; way: total war.&nbsp;&ldquo;There was no more foolery or conciliation,&rdquo; the paper declared.&nbsp;&ldquo;The war was made on the principles of coercion and subjugation.&rdquo;&nbsp;Victory had followed.</p><p>But Chicago&rsquo;s postwar joy was brief.&nbsp;Before the week was over, President Lincoln was killed by an assassin.</p></p> Wed, 10 Apr 2013 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-04/how-chicago-celebrated-end-civil-war-106526 UN Human Rights Council urges Sri Lanka to investigate atrocities http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-23/un-human-rights-council-urges-sri-lanka-investigate-atrocities-97568 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-March/2012-03-23/AP12032209561.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Sri Lanka’s 25-year civil war between the Buddhist Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority left more than 70,000 dead. Both sides committed atrocities, but the final months of the conflict in 2009 were especially brutal. Yesterday, the <a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/HRCIndex.aspx" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">UN Human Rights Council</a> voted in favor of a U.S.-backed resolution that urges the Sri Lankan government to investigate war crimes committed during the conflict. <em>Worldview </em>talks with <a href="http://www.hrw.org/bios/james-ross" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">James Ross</a>, the policy and legal director for <a href="http://www.hrw.org" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Human Rights Watch</a>, who has been following Sri Lanka’s human rights situation for nearly two decades.</p></p> Fri, 23 Mar 2012 16:05:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-23/un-human-rights-council-urges-sri-lanka-investigate-atrocities-97568 'Sweet Liberia: Lessons from the Coal Pot' http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-16/sweet-liberia-lessons-coal-pot-96472 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-February/2012-02-16/Liberia 2.jpeg" alt="" /><p><p>Susan Peters’ autobiography <em>Sweet Liberia, Lessons from the Coal Pot</em>,&nbsp; tells the story of how Peters' got stranded in Liberia during the Liberian Civil War.&nbsp; The war began in 1989. &nbsp; Peters moved to Liberia because she was disgusted with how African-Americans were treated in the United States. She wrote that she wanted to go to a nation where Africans were in charge.&nbsp; Peters and her family initially remained as civil war loomed, even after the U.S. evacuated most of its citizens.&nbsp; She and her children were stranded as the conflict raged.&nbsp; Months later, they were able to escape to the American Embassy.&nbsp;&nbsp; She tells <em>Worldview</em> and <a href="http://www.wbez.org/staff/richard-steele" target="_blank">WBEZ's Richard Steele</a>, what life was like in Liberia.</p></p> Thu, 16 Feb 2012 16:39:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-02-16/sweet-liberia-lessons-coal-pot-96472 Chicago film festival offers a view of civil war in Chad http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-13/chicago-film-festival-offers-view-civil-war-chad-95510 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2012-January/2012-01-12/screaming-man-5_420.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>If you, like me, have francophile tendencies when it comes to movies then Chicago’s the place to be. Sure they have an amazing movie culture in Paris – you can see<a href="http://%20http://www.google.com/movies?hl=en&amp;near=paris&amp;dq=movie+listings+paris&amp;sort=1&amp;q=movie+listings&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=EUcPT43YNuLksQLw2ezhAw&amp;sqi=2&amp;ved=0CCIQxQMoAA"> films at all hours of the day</a> in some <a href="http://paris.unlike.net/locations/304514-La-Pagode">amazing theatres</a>.</p><p>And the Franco-American movie alliance (putting aside that whole <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/2842493.stm">freedom fries episode</a>) is alive and well – most recently we have Martin Scorsese to thank for putting early French cinema back in theatres with Hugo, his homage to French film pioneer George Méliès.</p><p>But Chicago represents in its signature big shoulders style - the city has a surprising number of festivals dedicated to French cinema.</p><p>There are long-standing series, like <a href="http://www.facets.org/">Facet Cinematheque’s</a> Festival of New French Cinema. The <a href="http://www.musicboxtheatre.com/">Music Box Theatre</a> entered the local French fest scene with last year’s Chicago French Film Festival. This winter the Gene Siskel Film Center is doing a great series on <a href="http://www.siskelfilmcenter.org/bresson">Robert Bresson</a>. And the Alliance Française has its<a href="http://www.af-chicago.org/app/Calendar.php?event=&amp;type=43&amp;fname=Cin%E9-club"> Ciné-Club </a>which includes a lot of family-friendly movies aimed at children and teenagers.&nbsp;</p><p>Most involve collaboration with either the local <a href="http://www.consulfrance-chicago.org/spip.php?rubrique2">Consular General </a>or other <a href="http://www.facecouncil.org/tournees/participants.html">cross-cultural organizations</a>, including The Tournees Festival of New French Cinema. That series is currently underway at the University of Chicago’s <a href="http://filmstudiescenter.uchicago.edu/events/upcoming">Film Studies Center</a> – it runs through February 3rd.</p><p>Jerome McDonnell and I talked about <em>A Screaming Man</em>, Mahamat-Saleh Haroun’s 2010 take on the strains of civil war and global capital on modern day Chad.The film follows the travails of Adam, an amazing portrait by Haroun regular Youssouf Djaoro. Adam not only loses his post as a pool attendant at a posh resort, he's replaced by his son Abdel. The deal with the devil Adam makes to win back his job - and his wounded manhood - has deep repercussions for his family.</p><p>Haroun's film points to the political and spiritual reckoning Chad must undertake in response to its endless and complicated war. But in limiting his view to the life of an ordinary, work-a-day family he raises questions that resonate well beyond the film's specific context.</p></p> Fri, 13 Jan 2012 18:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-01-13/chicago-film-festival-offers-view-civil-war-chad-95510 Illinois town dedicates the home of a Civil War soldier with a surprising story http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-02/illinois-town-dedicates-home-civil-war-soldier-surprising-story-91451 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-September/2011-09-02/Albert Cashier.png" alt="" /><p><p>Of the 900 men who mustered into the <a href="http://civilwar.ilgenweb.net/reg_html/095_reg.html" target="_blank">95<sup>th</sup> Illinois Infantry</a> in 1862, only 153 were still in the regiment by the end of the Civil War. Albert Cashier was one of them. And that’s historic - because Albert was a woman. He was born Jennie Hodgers on Christmas Day of 1843, in Clogher Head, Ireland. A few years ago Linda Paul brought us the story of Jennie Hodgers’ <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/news/local/jennies-secret-soldiers-story" target="_blank">extraordinary life</a>. Today, she pays a visit to residents in Hodgers' Illinois hometown as they dedicate her post-Civil War house.</p></p> Fri, 02 Sep 2011 13:56:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-02/illinois-town-dedicates-home-civil-war-soldier-surprising-story-91451 Civil War flag is on display in Springfield http://www.wbez.org/story/civil-war-flag-display-springfield-87885 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-June/2011-06-15/114926648.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A piece of Civil War history has made its way to Springfield.&nbsp;</p><p>An original flag that was carried during Civil War campaigns by a regiment from northern Illinois is on display at the <a href="http://www.state.il.us/hpa/hs/old_capitol.htm">Old State Capitol State Historic Site</a>. It's in&nbsp; observance of the 150th anniversary of the start of the Civil War.&nbsp;</p><p>The flag was carried by the 95th Illinois Infantry, which was made up of volunteers from Boone and McHenry counties. The regiment served from 1862 to&nbsp; 1865.&nbsp;</p><p>The flag is on loan from the <a href="http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/Museum/default.htm">Illinois Military Museum at Camp Lincoln</a> in Springfield. The flag's preservation was funded by the <a href="http://boonehistory.org/">Boone County Historical Society</a>&nbsp; and the <a href="http://www.mchenrycivilwar.com/">McHenry County Civil War Round Table</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>The flag hangs on the south wall of the rotunda level of the Old State Capitol.<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> (Copyright 2011 by The Associated Press.&nbsp; All Rights Reserved.)</p></p> Wed, 15 Jun 2011 16:23:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/civil-war-flag-display-springfield-87885 Dueling Critics: City Lit Theater goes historical with 'The Copperhead' http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-22/dueling-critics-city-lit-theater-goes-historical-copperhead-85542 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-April/2011-04-22/Copperhead City Lit.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>This year marks the 150th anniversary of the start of the Civil War. Many are marking the occasion. But Chicago’s <a href="http://citylit.org/" target="_blank">City Lit Theater</a> may put other plans to shame. The company plans to stage a Civil War-themed production every April, until the year 2015.<br> <br> The first play out of the gates is <a href="http://citylit.org/Now-Playing.htm" target="_blank"><em>The Copperhead</em></a>, written in 1918. To find out more about this first production and City Lit’s five-year plan <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> spoke to the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/dueling-critics" target="_blank">Dueling Critics</a> Jonathan Abarbanel and Kelly Kleiman.<br> <br> <em>The Copperhead</em>, at City Lit Theater in Edgewater, runs through May 15.</p><p><em>Music Button: A Hawk and a Hacksaw, "The Loser", from the CD Cervantine, (Langspielplatte)</em></p></p> Fri, 22 Apr 2011 13:22:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-04-22/dueling-critics-city-lit-theater-goes-historical-copperhead-85542