WBEZ | internet http://www.wbez.org/tags/internet Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Internet Echo Chamber: Everyone you follow online is just like you http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-02/internet-echo-chamber-everyone-you-follow-online-just-you-113589 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/echo chamber flickr Theresa.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>When you follow someone or an organization on Twitter, the service prompts you to follow other similar people and organizations. When you sign in to many apps for the first time &mdash; say Apple&rsquo;s News app &mdash; you choose the topics you&rsquo;re interested in reading about before you get to the news. More and more, we&rsquo;re personalizing our experience on the web, and the result is not always positive.</p><p>But there are ways to break out of what <a href="https://twitter.com/manoushz?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Manoush Zomorodi</a> calls the &ldquo;<a href="http://www.wnyc.org/story/buzzfeed-professional-internet-readers-break-bubble/">internet echo chamber</a>.&rdquo; Zomorodi is host of WNYC&rsquo;s podcast <a href="http://www.wnyc.org/shows/notetoself/">Note to Self</a>, a tech show that&rsquo;s about finding balance in the digital age.</p></p> Mon, 02 Nov 2015 11:52:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-02/internet-echo-chamber-everyone-you-follow-online-just-you-113589 How vulnerable are the undersea cables that carry the web? http://www.wbez.org/news/how-vulnerable-are-undersea-cables-carry-web-113556 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/submarine-cable-map-2015_CROP.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn1.pri.org/sites/default/files/styles/story_main/public/story/images/submarine-cable-map-2015_CROP.jpg?itok=7B6PtRnM" style="border: 0px; vertical-align: bottom; max-width: 100%; height: 349px; color: rgb(51, 51, 60); font-family: 'Source Sans Pro', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, 'Nimbus Sans L', sans-serif; font-size: 18px; line-height: 27px; width: 620px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);" title="A portion of “A new map of the submarine cables connecting the world in 2015.” Reprinted with permission of TeleGeography (TeleGeography and www.telegeography.com)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></p><p>Undersea fiber optic cables are the arteries of the Internet. A&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/26/world/europe/russian-presence-near-undersea-cables-concerns-us.html?_r=0" target="_blank">story in the<em> New York Times</em></a>&nbsp;this week&nbsp;has started a conversation about the vulnerability of these cables and consequently, the Internet itself.</p><p>The <em>Times</em> reported that the Pentagon is increasingly concerned about Russian naval activity in proximity to key cables.&nbsp;The suggestion is that the Web could be crippled by Russian attack in the event of a confrontation with the West.</p><p>&ldquo;We depend pretty extensively on these cables,&rdquo; says Jon Hjembo. &ldquo;In fact, pretty much everything that we do, all of our communications, eventually traverses fiber optic cables at some point. We talk a lot about the cloud, for example, but really the cloud is under the ocean, it&rsquo;s under the ground. It&rsquo;s not something nebulous in the sky. Even our wireless communications &mdash; the wireless connection is really a connection between your phone and a base station. From there it traverses fiber optic cables.&rdquo;</p><p>There are about&nbsp;<a href="http://submarine-cable-map-2015.telegeography.com/" target="_blank">300 undersea cables around the world</a>, and they&rsquo;re only about the width of a garden hose. So they are often broken by anchor cables, trawlers, and undersea disasters like earthquakes and landslides. Even shark bites. Many of the cables converge on certain hubs &mdash; like New York, Miami and Los Angeles &mdash; making these nodes especially vulnerable.</p><p>&ldquo;There are at least 100 breaks on these systems every year,&rdquo; says Hjembo. &ldquo;But the beauty of networks is that there is a lot of built-in redundancy. So usually when a break occurs, we don&rsquo;t even feel it.&rdquo;</p><p>So any deliberate hostile attempt to sabotage the cable network would have to be pretty widespread to overwhelm all that built-in redundancy. &ldquo;It would have to be a concerted attack on multiple systems at the same time,&rdquo; says Hjembo.</p><p>That makes Hjembo skeptical about the probability of such a move. &ldquo;If we saw any kind of movement towards multiple systems at the same time, I&rsquo;m sure that an interception would occur before anything were to happen.&rdquo;</p><p>He also points out that an attack on the Internet would in some ways be self-defeating, since the attacker would also suffer from the resultant chaos. &nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-10-28/how-vulnerable-are-undersea-cables-carry-web" target="_blank"><em>via The World</em></a></p></p> Wed, 28 Oct 2015 13:32:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/how-vulnerable-are-undersea-cables-carry-web-113556 'Twitter's Dying' puts spotlight on the line between abuse and voice http://www.wbez.org/news/twitters-dying-puts-spotlight-line-between-abuse-and-voice-113440 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_926307783813_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Twitter has been declared dead many times before.</p><p>Last year,&nbsp;The Atlantic&nbsp;published&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/04/a-eulogy-for-twitter/361339/">&quot;A Eulogy for Twitter&quot;</a>&nbsp;&mdash; the latest of a string of similar proclamations, which in turn&nbsp;<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/style-blog/wp/2014/05/01/twitter-isnt-dying-it-died-in-2009/">spurred a wave</a>&nbsp;of response pieces, analysis pieces and think pieces.</p><p>So here we are again.</p><p>A&nbsp;<a href="https://medium.com/bad-words/why-twitter-s-dying-and-what-you-can-learn-from-it-9ed233e37974">lengthy essay</a>&nbsp;titled &quot;Why Twitter&#39;s Dying (And What You Can Learn From It)&quot; by author Umair Haque landed on Medium.com on Oct. 13. A week later, it&#39;s still one of the site&#39;s most popular posts.</p><p>Haque&#39;s key observation has certainly struck a chord: People are abusing the social Web and companies aren&#39;t doing enough to curb it. About Twitter in particular, he writes:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;We once glorified Twitter as a great global town square, a shining agora where everyone could come together to converse. But I&#39;ve never been to a town square where people can shove, push, taunt, bully, shout, harass, threaten, stalk, creep, and mob you...for eavesdropping on a conversation that they weren&#39;t a part of...to alleviate their own existential rage...at their shattered dreams...and&nbsp;you can&#39;t even call a cop. What does that particular social phenomenon sound like to you? Twitter&nbsp;could&nbsp;have been a town square. But now it&#39;s more like a drunken, heaving mosh pit.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>Indeed, the stories of Twitter shaming, pile-ons and trolling abound, and many have decided to&nbsp;<a href="https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&amp;ion=1&amp;espv=2&amp;ie=UTF-8#q=why%20i%20left%20twitter">quit the site</a>. We&#39;ve all witnessed the Internet&#39;s power at spreading misinformation (<a href="http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2013/04/wrongly-accused-boston-bombing-suspects-sunil-tripathi.html">Boston bombing suspects</a>) or people being continuously harassed for posting something stupid and offensive (<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/15/magazine/how-one-stupid-tweet-ruined-justine-saccos-life.html">&quot;Just kidding. I&#39;m white!&quot;</a>), something politically or socially touchy (<a href="https://medium.com/message/dear-gun-enthusiasts-fe98c264d5d9">&quot;Texas Firearms/Fear Festival&quot;</a>), or for&nbsp;<a href="http://www.psmag.com/books-and-culture/well-yes-trolling-affect-women-men-88330">posting while female</a>. (And let&#39;s not forget the&nbsp;<a href="http://gawker.com/what-is-gamergate-and-why-an-explainer-for-non-geeks-1642909080">Gamergate controversy</a>.)</p><p>Is Twitter to blame? The site didn&#39;t invent the trolls and mean spirits, who have long hidden behind the anonymity of forums and comment sections of the Web. Yet Kathy Sierra, the victim of one of the most famous online harassment cases,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wired.com/2014/10/trolls-will-always-win/">wrote this</a>&nbsp;about Twitter in&nbsp;Wired:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;I actually got off easy, then. Most of the master trolls weren&#39;t active on Twitter in 2007. Today, they, along with their friends, fans, followers, and a zoo of anonymous sock puppet accounts are. The time from troll-has-an-idea to troll-mobilizes-brutal-assault has shrunk from weeks to minutes. Twitter, for all its good, is a hate amplifier. Twitter boosts signal power with head-snapping speed and strength. Today, Twitter (and this isn&#39;t a complaint about Twitter, it&#39;s about what Twitter enables) is the troll&#39;s best weapon for attacking you.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>But let&#39;s start with the facts: Twitter is still growing. The company has hit a rough patch recently, flooded with the news of slipping shares, executive shakeup and layoffs. But its most recent&nbsp;<a href="http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/AMDA-2F526X/885805954x0x841610/5C4BB692-3414-4D28-AC9C-EF32B9E6D6D3/Q215_Selected_Company_Metrics_and_Financials.pdf">corporate results</a>&nbsp;show not a decline in users, but a slowdown in growth: Its worldwide base of monthly active users grew to 304 million at the end of June, from 302 million at the end of March and 288 million at the end of 2014.</p><p>And here&#39;s a notable element: The vast majority of those, 239 million, are not in the United States.</p><p>One of the commenters on Haque&#39;s piece, in fact,&nbsp;<a href="https://medium.com/@uncompromise/this-is-a-particularly-western-dare-i-say-us-centric-world-view-1d7bdf23020f">accused the author</a>&nbsp;of writing from a Western or even U.S.-centric perspective, which do not reflect the value that the social network plays overseas. (Haque&#39;s piece begins with an anecdotal analysis of Twitter&#39;s thinning ranks from Dupont Circle in Washington, Madison Square in New York City and a cafe in London.)</p><p>That same signal-boosting power of Twitter that helps trolls pile up on a victim has helped people organize for political protests around the world, including in places where Internet access is restricted. (Some recent high-profile examples include the Arab Spring, Ukraine&#39;s Euromaidan demonstrations, the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia and Iran&#39;s 2009 election protests.)</p><p>In the United States, too, Twitter serves a cross-cultural audience: A&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/08/19/mobile-messaging-and-social-media-2015/2015-08-19_social-media-update_11/">study by the Pew Research Center</a>&nbsp;this year found that 1 in 5 white Internet users are on Twitter, while 28 percent of black and Hispanic Internet users are on the site.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/08/19/mobile-messaging-and-social-media-2015/2015-08-19_social-media-update_11/"><img alt="Twitter Demographics" class="attachment-large" height="511" src="http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2015/08/2015-08-19_social-media-update_11.png" width="309" /></a></p><p>And the public nature of Twitter (in contrast to Facebook&#39;s largely &quot;friend&quot;-based networking) has often amplified diverse voices in transformative ways. (The&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/07/08/421083610/-los-angeles-times-recognizes-the-relevancy-of-black-twitter">powerful Black Twitter</a>&nbsp;keeping a spotlight on police misconduct,&nbsp;The New York Times&nbsp;putting the #IfTheyGunnedMeDown&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/13/us/if-they-gunned-me-down-protest-on-twitter.html">story on the front page</a>, the White House&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/10/20/450208945/clock-making-texas-teen-visits-white-house-for-astronomy-night">inviting for a visit</a>&nbsp;the Texas teenager who was arrested after bringing a homemade clock to school).</p><p>Social networks have also allowed people to rally against or in support of positions taken by celebrities and companies, and directly communicate with them or call them out on insensitivity. (See: Benedict Cumberbatch&nbsp;<a href="http://www.people.com/article/benedict-cumberbatch-black-actors-opportunities?xid=socialflow_twitter_peoplemag">apologizing for</a>&nbsp;the &quot;colored actors&quot; comment, Target&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="http://mashable.com/2015/08/10/target-gender-signs/#uktXlB5TGaqJ">gender-neutral toys</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.adweek.com/prnewser/kenneth-coles-twitter-fail/15371?red=pr">Kenneth Cole&#39;s</a>&nbsp;&quot;uproar in Cairo...new spring collection&quot; and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.adweek.com/adfreak/digiorno-really-really-sorry-about-its-tweet-accidentally-making-light-domestic-violence-159998">DiGiorno Pizza&#39;s&nbsp;</a>domestic violence &amp; pizza improper hashtag responses.)</p><p>Haque defines abuse as broader than violent threats, to also include &quot;endless bickering, the predictable snark, the general atmosphere of little violences that permeate the social web...and the fact that the average person can&#39;t do&nbsp;anything&nbsp;about it.&quot;</p><p>The importance of retribution in cases of online harassment, beyond blocking or ignoring, is hard to overstate. But as with many cases of online speech, one man&#39;s bickering and snark is another man&#39;s freedom and dialogue:</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Twitter stands for freedom of expression. We stand for speaking truth to power. And we stand for empowering dialogue.</p>&mdash; Jack (@jack) <a href="https://twitter.com/jack/status/651003891153108997">October 5, 2015</a></blockquote><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/20/449977694/twitters-dying-puts-spotlight-on-the-line-between-abuse-and-voice?ft=nprml&amp;f=449977694"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 20 Oct 2015 16:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/twitters-dying-puts-spotlight-line-between-abuse-and-voice-113440 Internet access expands in Cuba - for those who can afford it http://www.wbez.org/news/internet-access-expands-cuba-those-who-can-afford-it-113194 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/kahncuba--5--edit_custom-d28b46ce7c1fa4f28843f0b8da141f0a050631d2-s600-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res446012363" previewtitle="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/kahncuba--5--edit_custom-d28b46ce7c1fa4f28843f0b8da141f0a050631d2-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 442px; width: 600px;" title="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet. (Carrie Kahn/NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>The best place to see Cuba&#39;s Internet explosion is along the busy Havana thoroughfare known as La Rampa, or the Ramp.</p></div></div></div><p>Named for its sloping descent toward the sea, it is congested and loud. Still, crowds pack the sidewalks, office alcoves and driveways here to log on. They huddle within a few blocks of huge cell towers atop the Havana Libre luxury hotel. All eyes are glued to smartphones, tablets and laptops.</p><p>Raul Cuba, 41, types a lengthy Internet access code and password into his phone. He only learned how to log on a month ago.</p><p>&quot;I&#39;d never been on Facebook before and the first time I did, I got so excited. I started chatting with my family in Miami, in Italy and Spain,&quot; he says.</p><p>Until this summer, Internet access only was available to tourists and officials, but since then the Castro government has set up dozens of pay-as-you-go public Wi-Fi hotspots around the country. And last month, President Obama allowed U.S. companies to invest in the island&#39;s telecommunication industry.</p><div id="res446000716" previewtitle="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/habana-libre-landov_custom-734f93c41b8f404043f1ebdfa6e7231c85b37e21-s600-c85.jpg" style="margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; height: 373px; width: 600px;" title="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access. (Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters/Landov)" /></div><div><p>But Cuba&#39;s public Wi-Fi remains out of most people&#39;s reach. An access card sold by the state phone company, ETECSA, costs about $2 for an hour of Internet use, while the average state salary in Cuba is about $20 a month. The lucky ones have relatives abroad sending money and devices back home &mdash; or they work in Cuba&#39;s tourist industry, earning tips in dollars.</p></div></div><p>Out on the Ramp, you can buy one of the Internet access cards for about $3 on Cuba&#39;s ubiquitous black market &mdash; more expensive, but it comes with technical assistance courtesy of Manuel Garcias, who&#39;s got a stack of cards for sale.</p><p>Asked where he gets the cards, he says, &quot;they come here and sell them to me &mdash; the husband or cousin of someone who works at ETECSA.&quot;</p><p><strong>&#39;The Rest Of Us With Nothing&#39;</strong></p><p>So far, only about 5 percent of Cubans can get online &mdash; one of the lowest Internet penetration rates in the world. And you don&#39;t have to go far to see those left off Cuba&#39;s Internet highway.</p><p>Just a few blocks down the Rampa, where the street dead-ends at Havana&#39;s picturesque Malecon seawall, is old-school Cuba &mdash; the original nighttime gathering spot for roving musicians, necking couples and revelers of all ages. There&#39;s barely a cell phone or laptop in sight.</p><p><img alt="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/kahncuba--17--edit_custom-ea64ff4581ff321443e31bc733aecbf79ed74167-s300-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company. (Carrie Kahn/NPR)" /></p><p>Franc Bernal Gonzalez, 17, and some friends have the night off from their mandatory military service. Only two of them have cell phones &mdash; old, little ones, where the only thing they do is make a call.</p><div id="res446012093" previewtitle="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company."><div><p>&quot;In Cuba, we didn&#39;t used to see so many people with all this stuff and the rest of us with nothing,&quot; Bernal says. &quot;These differences started showing up a few years back, but have really grown bigger lately.&quot;</p></div></div><p>The government says it will boost the country&#39;s extremely low Internet access rate to 50 percent in the next five years, finances permitting &mdash; but hardline politics may cut into that goal. The No. 2 official in Cuba&#39;s Communist Party recently accused outsiders of taking advantage of greater Internet freedom to &quot;penetrate us and do ideological work for a new conquest.&quot;</p><p><strong>Video Chats And Beauty Tips</strong></p><p>Back on La Rampa, there&#39;s no evidence of political penetration or subversive web surfing. Nearly everyone here is video-chatting with relatives abroad.</p><p>&quot;My love! How are you, my love!&quot; exclaims Mari Jimenez, 53, reaching her son, who&#39;s driving in Miami.</p><div id="res446208657"><div>Jimenez just learned a month ago how to use her new iPhone 5, sent by her son. She has long, acrylic white nails &mdash; except on her index finger. &quot;It&#39;s much faster to use the phone without the nail,&quot; she says. &quot;I don&#39;t want to waste time or money.&quot; She&#39;ll just glue it back on when she gets home.</div></div><p>Meanwhile, 18-year-old Daniella Hidalgo is checking out makeup tips from a YouTube beauty guru named Yuya in Mexico City. Unfortunately, the signal isn&#39;t that good and she only gets to see a few of the tips before the video cuts out.</p><p>I ask Hidalgo if she visits news sites or anything political. No way, she says: &quot;I&#39;m paying for this, I&#39;m not going to waste my money on politics.&quot;</p><p>Jorge Bativia&#39;s been trying unsuccessfully for the past hour to video-chat with his girlfriend in Australia &mdash; whom he first met via an online chat &mdash; and is ready to give up.</p><p>Even so, he says, he&#39;s glad the Internet finally came to Cuba.</p><p>&quot;Even if [the government] wanted to take it back, they can&#39;t,&quot; he says. &quot;You can&#39;t keep people&#39;s eyes covered forever.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/10/06/445998527/internet-access-expands-in-cuba-for-those-who-can-afford-it?ft=nprml&amp;f=445998527" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 06 Oct 2015 10:22:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/internet-access-expands-cuba-those-who-can-afford-it-113194 Facebook plans to bring internet to regugees http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-29/facebook-plans-bring-internet-regugees-113109 <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Chinese%20President%20Xi%20Jinping%20%20talks%20with%20Facebook%20Chief%20Executive%20Mark%20Zuckerberg.jpg" style="height: 439px; width: 600px;" title="Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, talks with Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg, right, during a gathering of CEOs and other executives at Microsoft’s main campus September 23, 2015 in Redmond, Washington. (Ted S. Warren/Getty Images)" /></div><div><p>Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg promised Saturday that his company will help bring Internet access to refugee camps around the world. Speaking with public and private leaders at the 70th United Nations General Assembly in New York, Zuckerberg promoted the Internet as a &ldquo;force for peace.&rdquo;</p><p>As millions have been displaced by violence in Syria and other countries, the announcement comes as welcome news to many, but not without criticism. Free Basics, formerly known as Internet.org, is the name of Facebook&rsquo;s global effort to connect those without connections, and it is the target of backlash that claims the program is less about philanthropy and more about gaining users.</p><p><em>Here &amp; Now&rsquo;s</em> Jeremy Hobson speaks with&nbsp;Kurt Wagner&nbsp;of <em>Re/code </em>about the effort and its intentions.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/29/facebook-internet-refugees" target="_blank"><em>via Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 29 Sep 2015 14:50:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-29/facebook-plans-bring-internet-regugees-113109 U.S. And China consider a cybersecurity accord http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-23/us-and-china-consider-cybersecurity-accord-113045 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_396252850149-624x432.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>China&rsquo;s President Xi Jinping started his seven-day tour of the U.S. with a speech to American technology firms and analysts, pledging to fight cybercrime and to disallow the Chinese government from overseas commercial theft and state hacking.</p><p>China has long been suspected by U.S. officials of stealing government information and intellectual property, and many openly worry about the possibility of more serious cyber violence. But, aiming to quell fears on both sides, the U.S. and China are negotiating what could be the first cyberspace arms accord in the world.</p><p><em>Here &amp; Now&lsquo;s</em> Robin Young speaks with&nbsp;Scott Borg&nbsp;of the U.S. Cyber Consequences Unit about what that accord would mean for the future of cyber warfare and fragile U.S.-China relations.</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/23/cybersecurity-china-us" target="_blank"><em> Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></p> Wed, 23 Sep 2015 15:19:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-23/us-and-china-consider-cybersecurity-accord-113045 A humanitarian crisis at the U.S.-Mexico border http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-12/humanitarian-crisis-us-mexico-border-110335 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP646672363735.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>American border control have seen an increase in unaccompanied minors crossing the border from Latin America, creating a growing humanitarian crisis. Adam Isacson, a senior associate for regional security policy with the Washington Office on Latin America, joins us to discuss the issue.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-18/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-18.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-18" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: A humanitarian crisis at the U.S.-Mexico border" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Thu, 12 Jun 2014 13:51:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-06-12/humanitarian-crisis-us-mexico-border-110335 Is Internet Addiction Disorder real? http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-10/internet-addiction-disorder-real-108930 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Flickr%3AEbaynik.jpg" style="height: 404px; width: 610px; " title="(Flickr/Ebayink)" /></p><p>In a society fueled by the rapid-fire connectivity of personal computers, tablets, and smartphones,&nbsp;obsessive Internet behavior has become a cultural norm.&nbsp;However, when does an overreliance on WiFi&mdash;and the rabid need to distract oneself with online gaming, shopping, tweeting, scrolling, &quot;liking,&quot; and microblogging at all hours of the day and night&mdash;morph into an addiction?</p><p><a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Health/hospital-opens-internet-addiction-treatment-program/story?id=20146923" target="_blank">ABC News</a> reports that a Pennsylvania hospital, Bradford Regional Medical Center, has become the first in the U.S. to treat severe Internet addiction through a 10-day inpatient program. Patients admitted to the voluntary behavorial health treatment center must first undergo a &quot;digital detox&quot; that prohibits Internet use for at least 72 hours, followed by therapy sessions and educational seminars to &quot;help them get their Internet compulsion under control.&quot;</p><p>Dr. Kimberly S. Young, a psychologist and founder of the new program, defines Internet addiction by how a person&#39;s online habits impair their ability to function normally in everyday life.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Like any other addiction, we look at whether it has jeopardized their career, whether they lie about their usage, or whether it inteferes with relationships,&quot; Young explained.</p><p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_addiction_disorder" target="_blank">Internet Addiction Disorder</a> (IAD) was first coined as a joke by Dr. Ivan Goldberg in 1995; and to this day, remains absent from the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). However, the more specific &quot;Internet gaming disorder&quot; did make it into 2013&#39;s DSM-V as a &quot;condition for further study,&quot; signaling a slow but steady change in how psychologists are defining variants of addictive behavior in recent years.</p><p>Accoding to <a href="http://www.helpguide.org/mental/internet_cybersex_addiction.htm" target="_blank">HelpGuide.org</a>, signs and symptoms of Internet addiction may include:</p><ul><li>Frequently losing track of time online.</li><li>Having trouble completing tasks at work or home.</li><li>Isolation from family and friends.</li><li>Feeling a sense of euphoria while involved in Internet activies.&nbsp;&nbsp;</li><li>Feeling guilty or defensive about Internet use.</li></ul><p>Similar to those who dispute the validity of sex addiction, naysayers of IAD argue that logging off is simply a matter of &quot;willpower,&quot; and that the inability to do so is not nearly as physically harmful or self-destructive as succumbing to alcoholism, substance abuse and eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia. Still,&nbsp;when 60 percent of U.S. adults spend&nbsp;<a href="http://www.whoishostingthis.com/blog/2013/08/21/incredible-growth-web-usage-infographic/#." target="_blank">at least three hours</a> a day online, with teens clocking in at <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/20/education/20wired.html" target="_blank">over seven hours</a>&nbsp;of daily Internet use, real and painful addictions are bound to form.&nbsp;</p><p>Unfortunately, addictive behaviors of any kind are far too easily dismissed in our mental health-avoidant&nbsp;culture&mdash; even the ones deemed more severe than most. Alcoholics are constantly told to &quot;just stop drinking&quot; and anorectics urged to &quot;just eat already,&quot; as if it were that easy. Presumably non-life-threatening addictions such as online gaming are even more misunderstood, because how is playing video games for 24 hours straight in any way comparable to destroying one&#39;s body with narcotics or an eating disorder?</p><p>What many people fail to realize is that using the Internet as a drug can be just as fatal as any addiction in the long run. Dr. Young notes that prior research links IAD with <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_addiction_disorder" target="_blank">existing mental health issues</a>&nbsp;(most commonly depression) and that over half of her patients also struggle with alcoholism, chemical dependency, compulsive gambling, and chronic overeating.&nbsp;</p><p>Numerous other studies have proved that excessive Internet use continually makes people&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/22/4647916/facebook-isnt-making-you-depressed-the-internet-is" target="_blank">feel bad about themselves</a>; but for people already suffering from depression, anxiety, or a co-occurring disorder like OCD or bipolar, that feeling is amplified.</p><p>A 2012 research study highlighted in <em><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2012/01/17/internet-addiction-shows-up-in-the-brain/" target="_blank">Forbes</a>&nbsp;</em>shows that people with Internet addiction exhibit demonstrable changes in their brains, similar to what happens in the brains of people addicted to cocaine, heroin, special K, and other substances. The article also mentions a <a href="http://rt.com/news/internet-use-mental-illness-389/" target="_blank">smattering of horror stories</a>&nbsp;about Internet and gaming addiction, including accounts of many people keeling over and dying after playing video games for hours on end.&nbsp;These addictions are as real as any other, and they deserve to be taken just as seriously.</p><p>Of course, not every person who spends hours surfing the web each day suffers from an Internet addiction. But if we&#39;re being completely honest with ourselves, we might discover that many of our online habits have more of a negative than positive effect on our lives. After all, what good comes from checking one&#39;s Facebook page 15 times a day, or avoiding the outside world to live in a virtual one?</p><p>Maybe we could all use some &quot;digital detox&quot; every once and a while. Try putting down the phone, powering off the computer, and making some real memories without the aid of an electronic device. You might be surprised by how much, or how little, you miss it.</p><p><em>Leah Pickett writes about popular culture for WBEZ. <a href="https://twitter.com/leahkpickett" target="_blank">@leahkpickett</a></em></p></p> Thu, 17 Oct 2013 08:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/leah-pickett/2013-10/internet-addiction-disorder-real-108930 What's next for the Syrian opposition? Protests in Romania and new rules for Chinese internet users http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-17/whats-next-syrian-opposition-protests-romania-and-new-rules-chinese <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Chines internet cafe_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>President Obama signs an executive order providing training and aid to some factions of the Syrian opposition to help prevent future attacks by chemical weapons. Romanians protest plans for Europe&#39;s largest gold mine. Plus, Human Rights Watch&#39;s Maya Wang explains new penalties governing China&#39;s internet.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-what-s-next-for-syrian-opposition-plus-p/embed?header=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-what-s-next-for-syrian-opposition-plus-p.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-what-s-next-for-syrian-opposition-plus-p" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: What's next for the Syrian opposition? Protests in Romania and new rules for Chinese internet users" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 17 Sep 2013 10:57:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-09-17/whats-next-syrian-opposition-protests-romania-and-new-rules-chinese Morning Shift: Open office space can threaten more than your privacy http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2013-07-26/morning-shift-open-office-space-can-threaten-more <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Office-Flickr- Phillie Casablanca.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Do offices need walls? One study shows that more privacy could mean more productivity at work. And, is it fair to blame Huma Abedin for supporting her husband Anthony Weiner during his latest scandal? Our panel and you weigh in.</p><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-anthony-weiner-scandal-moves-blame-t.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-anthony-weiner-scandal-moves-blame-t" target="_blank">View the story "Morning Shift: Open office space can threaten more than your privacy" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p> Fri, 26 Jul 2013 08:20:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2013-07-26/morning-shift-open-office-space-can-threaten-more