WBEZ | celebrations http://www.wbez.org/tags/celebrations Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Worldview: LGBT movement in North Africa and the Middle East and a serving of mariachi http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-06-26/worldview-lgbt-movement-north-africa-and-middle-east-and-serving <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP800879356802.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F98577868&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>We learn about the LGBT movement in North Africa and the Middle East and take a dive into the world of mariachi music.</p><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-scottish-independence-and-mariachi-music.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-scottish-independence-and-mariachi-music" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Scottish independence and a serving of mariachi" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p> Wed, 26 Jun 2013 10:58:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-06-26/worldview-lgbt-movement-north-africa-and-middle-east-and-serving Chicago greets the General http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-04/chicago-greets-general-106775 <p><p>It was the biggest celebration of a single person Chicago had ever seen. Over 3 million people lined the city&rsquo;s streets. The date was April 26, 1951.</p><p>After 14 years on foreign soil, Douglas MacArthur was back in the United States. America&rsquo;s General had returned. And the city went wild.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/04-26--Tribune%20Cartoon_0.jpg" style="width: 315px; height: 343px; float: right;" title="One view of MacArthur's visit ('Chicago Tribune'--April 26, 1951)" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">MacArthur was a national hero.&nbsp;He led U.S. forces to victory in the Pacific during World War II.&nbsp;When the Korean&nbsp;War broke out, he had turned back the enemy advance at Inchon.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">But now that war had become a stalemate. MacArthur thought President Truman was being too cautious.&nbsp;When the general&rsquo;s views became public, the president relieved him.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">That created a sensation.&nbsp;Truman was a very unpopular president in 1951. Most of the country thought he&rsquo;d made a mistake sacking MacArthur.</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">The general had gone to Washington to deliver&nbsp;his report to Congress. Now, with his wife and young son, he was making a triumphal progress across America.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">MacArthur&#39;s plane touched down at Midway a little after noon on April 26.&nbsp;City officials greeted him, then he was off in a motorcade to downtown.&nbsp;A long, meandering route was used, so that the maximum number of people could witness the general&rsquo;s passage.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">The main event was an evening reception at Soldier Field.&nbsp;The crowds began gathering at 5:30, three hours before the general was to arrive.&nbsp;While they waited, they were entertained by drum and bugle corps, color guards, marching units, and military bands.&nbsp;Veterans&rsquo; groups and ROTC squads dominated the proceedings.&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div><div class="image-insert-image ">As the skies darkened, the beacon atop the Palmolive Building&ndash;two miles away&ndash;was focused on the field.&nbsp;Finally, MacArthur made his entrance.&nbsp;The assembled throng cheered.&nbsp; He acknowledged the greeting, then spoke.</div><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/04-26--Soldier%20Field%20%28State%20Dept%29.jpg" title="MacArthur speaking at Soldier Field (U.S. State Department photo)" /></div></div><p>The general called for a realistic end to the Korean conflict, with a minimum loss of American life.&nbsp;He said the U.S. had no clear war policy. In case anyone doubted what he thought, he said&nbsp;that our goal should be &ldquo;victory over the nation and men who, without provocation, have attacked us.&rdquo;</p><p>Applause interrupted him 19 times.&nbsp;Concluding, he declared:&nbsp;&rdquo;[Even] without command authority or responsibility, I still proudly possess the greatest of all honors and distinctions&ndash;I am an American!&rdquo;</p><p>The thousands rose to their feet and cheered again, long and loud. Then came the fireworks display.&nbsp;Then it was over.</p><p>The next morning MacArthur was gone.&nbsp;He left behind a dazed and dazzled Chicago.&nbsp;And in the long sweep of history&ndash;by his conflict with President Truman&ndash;he left behind a controversy that is still debated.</p></p> Fri, 26 Apr 2013 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2013-04/chicago-greets-general-106775 How Chicago celebrated the glorious Fourth http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-07/how-chicago-celebrated-glorious-fourth-100445 <p><p>What are your plans for the Fourth of July? This is how Chicago marked the holiday, at two different points in our history.</p><p><strong>1862&nbsp;</strong>&mdash; One-hundred fifty years ago, America was in the midst of Civil War, and Chicagoans anxiously scanned newspapers for reports of the great battles in Virginia.</p><p>Chicago&rsquo;s holiday celebration began at sunrise, when cannons at Fort Douglas boomed out a salute to the nation born four-score-and-six years before. Bells rang throughout the city, and revelers fired guns into the air.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/07-04--Trumbull%27s%20%27Declaration%27.jpg" title="Trumbull's 'The Declaration of Independence' (Architect of the U.S. Capitol photo)" /></div><p>Soon trains were arriving at the downtown depots, bringing in country people who&rsquo;d come to the city for the Fourth. Meanwhile, a smaller number of city people were on their way out of town for a day in the country.</p><p>A parade marked the holiday morning. Firemen, police, members of patriotic clubs and a contingent of guards from the military prison were the main marchers. As the parade passed, many spectators stepped into the street to follow. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>At noon the parade arrived at Washington Square, where thousands had already gathered. The afternoon program there included a reading of the Declaration of Independence, and various orations damning the treason of the Southern rebels.</p><p>The crowds dispersed in late afternoon, with people moving on to picnics, or family gatherings, or society dinners. The day closed with a fireworks display over the lakefront near Van Buren Street.</p><p>During that long July 4<sup>th</sup>, four major fires broke out in different parts of the city, resulting in over $50,000 in damages. Officials placed the blame on young people shooting off firecrackers.</p><p><strong>1962&nbsp;</strong>&mdash; Fifty years ago, America was at peace. In a major address, President Kennedy declared that the nation&rsquo;s goal should be a &ldquo;declaration of interdependence&rdquo; with a united western Europe.</p><p>Chicago&rsquo;s July 4<sup>th</sup> was marked with flags &mdash; on bicycles, buildings, trucks, trees and almost anything that could hold them. One South Side bank gave out miniature stars-and-stripes to all the neighborhood businesses. The 6100 block of West Eddy Street boasted more than 100 flags.</p><p>With the temperature in the low 70s, about a half-million people flocked to the parks and forest preserves. Lincoln Park Zoo was a favored destination. The major museums also reported large attendance.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/07-04--July%204th%20parade.jpg" title="Neighborhood Fourth of July parade, early 1960s" /></div><p>It was a day of local festivals. In Edgewater a section of Broadway was blocked off for a carnival. In Evanston 25,000 people gathered at Dyche Stadium to watch athletic events and a circus show. Flossmoor and Wheaton had parades, Mundelein an &ldquo;Independence Day Mardi Gras.&rdquo; One group of families in Rogers Park staged a Fourth of July musical featuring clowns, dog acts, a magic show, and a brass band.</p><p>Patriotic oratory was still in fashion. At a gathering in Edison Park, Congressman Roman Pucinski told 5,000 listeners that Communism was dying, and that the grandchildren of Soviet leader Khrushchev &ldquo;will grow up in an era of freedom.&rdquo;</p><p>Back downtown, as afternoon moved into evening, there was an aerial display and a concert at Grant Park. The last event of the day was the annual American Legion fireworks show at Soldier Field.</p><p>Meanwhile, in the Maxwell Street area, dozens of store windows were blown out by holiday explosives. On the South Side, police arrested three people for selling firecrackers to children.</p><p><strong>2012&nbsp;</strong>&mdash; Have a happy Fourth of July. And watch out for firecrackers.</p></p> Wed, 04 Jul 2012 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-07/how-chicago-celebrated-glorious-fourth-100445 Buy Bonds! http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2011-09-09/buy-bonds-91138 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2011-September/2011-09-09/tanks_Schmidt.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Wars cost money--lots of it. During World War II, the U.S. government raised money by selling war bonds to the public.</p><p>The third bond sale was launched here on September 9, 1943. The country had already been at war nearly two years. To renew spirits and remind people what the war was all about, Chicago staged an all-day extravaganza.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-August/2011-08-27/09-09--tanks.jpg" style="width: 485px; height: 324px;" title=""></p><p>The proceedings began at noon, with a fly-over of planes from Glenview Naval Air Station. As the planes thundered over the Loop, the city responded.</p><p>Anything that could make noise was sounded. Air raid sirens shrieked, facory whistles blew, church bells rang. Drivers leaned on their horns. Pedestrians yelled their lungs out.</p><p>After two minutes the cacophony died away. Then it was down to business.</p><p>An outdoor rally was staged at LaSalle and Jackson. Movie stars Albert Dekker and Helen Walker were joined on the podium by four decorated war heroes. They took turns addressing the crowd of office workers on lunch break, urging them to help beat the Axis by buying bonds.</p><p>Over on State Street, Goldblatt's department store unveiled a reproduction of the Liberty Bell. Bond purchasers were given the privilege of ringing the bell. Store employees also presented officials with a check for $100,000 for their own bonds.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-August/2011-08-27/War Bonds 02.jpg" title="" width="306" height="400"></p><p>The action was not confined to downtown. Many large factories--such as Western Electric, Dodge, and Stewart-Warner--held their own rallies. War savings booths were opended in neighborhood theaters and office buildings and bowling alleys. Officials announced that 15,000 volunteer bond wardens would soon begin door-to-door sales to every house in the country.</p><p>The day ended with another rally, this one at Medinah Temple. The main speaker was Monsignor Edward Flanagan, famed founder of Boys Town. "Our country is the most indulgent mother of all the nations of the world," he told the audience. "She asks us not to give, but to invest in ships, planes, and ammunition for those fighting for us."</p><p>Flanagan's plea was echoed by naval hero (and Boys Town grad) Wesley Haggard. He said America was fighting "the rottenest, yellowest foe in history." Buying more bonds would help bring all the troops home all the sooner.</p><p>Bond drives went on throughout the war. Sales eventually totaled over $185 billion. The program was so successful that the federal government has continued selling bonds to this day--only now they're called U.S. Savings Bonds.</p></p> Fri, 09 Sep 2011 12:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/john-r-schmidt/2011-09-09/buy-bonds-91138 What celebrating bin Laden's death says about our national psyche http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-05-03/what-celebrating-bin-ladens-death-says-about-our-national-psyche-86003 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-May/2011-05-03/Patriotism Getty Mario Tama.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>News of Osama bin Laden’s death evoked cheers and chants on the streets of many American cities. Some were joyful that bin Laden had finally been punished for causing so many deaths. Some felt patriotic and viewed the death as a victory for America.<br> <br> But there have also been questions – about whether it is appropriate to revel in any death.<br> <br> For answers <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> turned to philosopher <a href="http://www.colum.edu/Academics/Humanities_History_and_Social_Sciences/faculty/Stephen_Asma.php" target="_blank">Stephen Asma</a>. He teaches Philosophy at Columbia College Chicago. His latest book is <a href="http://web.mac.com/stephenasma/iWeb/Site%2014/Asma%20Publications%20.html" target="_blank"><em>Why I Am a Buddhist</em></a>.</p></p> Tue, 03 May 2011 14:29:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-05-03/what-celebrating-bin-ladens-death-says-about-our-national-psyche-86003 Chicago accepting private bids for lakefront summer fests http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/chicago-accepting-private-bids-lakefront-summer-fests <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/taste.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The city&rsquo;s been holding a garage sale of sorts in recent years, auctioning off its assets: The Chicago Skyway, the infamous parking meters and then the proposal to sell the rights to operate Midway International Airport.</p><p>Now comes word that our music and cultural festivals are up for grabs, including signature events like the <a href="http://www.explorechicago.org/city/en/things_see_do/event_landing/special_events/mose/chicago_blues_festival.html" target="_blank">Blues Festival</a> and the <a href="http://www.explorechicago.org/city/en/things_see_do/event_landing/special_events/mose/taste_of_chicago.html" target="_blank">Taste of Chicago</a>. The city is entertaining bids to manage those and other free concerts in an effort to help close the city&rsquo;s gaping budget deficit.</p><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/jim-derogatis" target="_blank">Jim DeRogatis</a>, has been covering <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/jim-derogatis/city-festivals-chief-responds-blogs-reporting-push-privatization">the story</a> for the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs" target="_blank">Vocalo blogs</a> on WBEZ.org.&nbsp;</p><p>He joined &quot;Eight Forty-Eight&quot; along with the president of the <a href="http://www.civicfed.org/" target="_blank">Civic Federation</a> Laurence Msall to talk about how privatizing festivals could affect not only the city's bottom line but also the festival-going experience.</p><p><strong>What do you think? Should we privatize the festival circuit?&nbsp;Tell us below in the comments section.</strong></p><p><em>Music Button: Guitar Shorty, &quot;Who Needs It?&quot;, form the CD We The People, (Alligator)</em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 08 Dec 2010 13:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/chicago-accepting-private-bids-lakefront-summer-fests