WBEZ | Greece http://www.wbez.org/tags/greece Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Greece and its creditors agree to new deal http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-13/greece-and-its-creditors-agree-new-deal-112370 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/European%20Parliament.jpg" title="(Photo: Flickr/European Union)" /><br />&nbsp;</div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/214565302&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size:22px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">The politics and potential impact of the latest Greek bailout&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">package</span></span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>After a marathon session that lasted all weekend, Eurozone leaders came to an agreement that granted Greece a third bailout, and, for now, keeps the country in the euro. The agreement starts negotiations on a loan package for Greece worth $91-96bn in exchange for reforms that aim to streamline the pension system, boost tax revenue, privatize electricity, and extend common business hours, among other reforms. Endy Zemenides discusses the latest developments and what they mean for Greece&rsquo;s economic future.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/Zemenides">Endy Zemenides</a> is executive director of the <a href="http://hellenicleaders.com/">Hellenic American Council</a> and an Emerging Leaders fellow at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/214564633&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Negotiators keep working for nuclear deal with Iran</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Negotiators are continuing to hash out the remaining details of a deal that would limit Iran&rsquo;s nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions. Earlier today the Associated Press reported that a deal would be announced this evening, but so far, no official announcement has been scheduled. We discuss the final hurdles with Joseph Cirincione of Ploughshares Fund.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/Cirincione">Joseph Cirincione</a> is president of <a href="http://www.ploughshares.org/">Ploughshares Fund</a>, a global security foundation</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/214564042&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span style="font-size: 22px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">World History Minute: An ancient discovery</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Historian John Schmidt tells us about July 13, 1923, a day when a team led by American explorer and naturalist, Roy Chapman Andrews, made the first discovery of dinosaur eggs.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><a href="https://chicagohistorytoday.wordpress.com/">John Schmidt</a>&nbsp;is a historian and author of &ldquo;On This Day in Chicago History.&rdquo;</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 13 Jul 2015 15:28:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-13/greece-and-its-creditors-agree-new-deal-112370 What next for Greece? http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-06/what-next-greece-112328 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Bob%20Dass.jpg" title="(Photo: Flickr/Bob Dass)" /><br />&nbsp;</div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/213536181&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">What&#39;s next for Greece?</span></p><div>Greece held a historic referendum on Sunday. Voters were asked to decide whether or not the government should accept the terms of a bailout package. A majority of Greeks voted no.What happens next remains unclear. Greece could exit the Euro or manage to negotiate some sort of new loan. In the meantime, the banks are running out of cash and certain essential supplies, including medicine, are already running low. A panel of Greek Americans weighs in on yesterday&rsquo;s vote and the impact it could have on their families and businesses in Greece.<br /><br /><strong>Guests:</strong></div><ul><li><em><a href="https://twitter.com/Stavzilla">Stavroula Harissis</a> is a Greek-American activist in Chicago. </em></li><li><em><a href="https://twitter.com/teddyoenos">Ted Diamantis</a> is president of Diamond Importers and Naturally Greek. </em></li><li><em><a href="http://las.depaul.edu/departments/geography/faculty/Pages/alex-g-papadopoulos.aspx">Alex Papadopoulos</a> is a professor of &nbsp;geography at DePaul University.&nbsp;</em></li></ul><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/213535764&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">An update on Ebola</span></p><div>The Ebola epidemic in West Africa has taken the lives of at least 11, 000 people. Liberia, which was declared Ebola free in May, is now reporting new cases. &nbsp;Sierra Leone and Guinea have seen an increase in cases in recent weeks. &nbsp;Doctors Without Borders has been on the front lines of the fight against the virus. Heather Pagano of Doctors Without Borders, joins us for an update on the disease in West Africa.<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/H_Pagano">Heather Pagano</a> is&nbsp;Ebola Advocacy and Communications Coordinator for Doctors Without Borders.</em></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/213534123&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: inherit; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Adoption in South Korea</span></p><div>Since the end of the Korean War, at least 160,00 children have been adopted from South Korea. At one point, South Korea became the largest supplier of children to developed countries. At first, many of the children were the result of wartime relationships with American soldiers. Today a majority of kids put up for adoption are the children of single mothers. Legislation was passed to place greater restrictions on foreign adoption. More recently, the Korean government amended legislation to try to reduce the stigma around adoption at home.<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/KathyHSMoon">Katharine Moon</a> is a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution.</em></div></p> Mon, 06 Jul 2015 15:35:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-06/what-next-greece-112328 Greek financial future hangs in limbo http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-06-29/greek-financial-future-hangs-limbo-112279 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP%20PhotoGiannis%20Papanikos1.jpg" style="width: 602px; height: 375px;" title="(Photo: AP Photo/Giannis Papanikos)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/212538753&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Greek banks close as debt crisis continues</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Banks in Greece closed Monday. The government of Greece is trying to prevent the Greek financial system from collapsing by preventing Greeks from withdrawing all their funds in a panic. Greeks are now also limited on how much money they can withdraw from ATM machines and businesses are limited in the transactions they can do. It&rsquo;s known as capital control. Greek Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras, has called for a referendum on July 5th to allow the Greek public to vote on whether or not it wants to remain in the European Union. Endy Zemenides, executive director of the Hellenic American Leadership Council joins us from DC, where he has been lobbying the US Congress to push for a deal that has sustainable debt levels for Greece.<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em>Endy Zemenides is executive director of the&nbsp;<a href="http://hellenicleaders.com/">Hellenic American Leadership Council</a>.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/212536996&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Climate change threatens survival of Pukapuka</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Pukapuka is one of the most remote atolls in the Cook Islands. It&rsquo;s one of the world&rsquo;s oldest cultures dating back more than 2,000 years. Now, its entire existence is being threatened by climate change. The documentary, &#39;Homecoming: A film about Pukapuka,&#39; hopes to tell the island&rsquo;s story, before it&rsquo;s gone. The subjects of the film, John Frisbie and Amelia Borofsky, join us from Honolulu, along with filmmaker, Gemma Cubero del Barrio.<br /><br /><strong>Guests: </strong></p><ul><li style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><em>John Frisbie and Amelia Borofsky are the subjects in the documentary <a href="https://www.facebook.com/HomecomingDoc">&#39;<span>Homecoming: A Film about Pukapuka.&#39; </span></a></em></li><li style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><em>Gemma Cubero del Barrio is the director of <a href="https://twitter.com/HomecomingDoc">&#39;<span id="docs-internal-guid-de1a98be-4115-f05b-e86b-ef0e46cbf432">Homecoming: A Film about Pukapuka.&#39;</span></a></em></li></ul><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/212535540&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Theory of the sixth mass extinction</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Scientists maintain that in Earth&rsquo;s 4.5 billion years, there have been five &ldquo;mass extinctions.&rdquo; These events destroy life at an accelerated rate. The fifth mass extinction wiped out 96 percent of life on the planet, including the dinosaurs. A new article theorizes that we currently are witnessing Earth&rsquo;s sixth mass extinction. Professor Paul Ehrlich of Stanford University, co-authored the article, &#39;Accelerated modern human&ndash;induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction.&#39; We&rsquo;ll ask him what&rsquo;s causing our planet to lose &ldquo;species of other organisms&rdquo; at a pace &rdquo;unparalleled for 65 million years.&quot;<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><span id="docs-internal-guid-9937d329-411a-8dc6-7377-5e2bf3583eb7"><a href="https://twitter.com/PaulREhrlich">Paul Ehrlich</a> is a professor at&nbsp;</span>Stanford University.</em></p></p> Mon, 29 Jun 2015 15:38:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-06-29/greek-financial-future-hangs-limbo-112279 Greek debt crisis http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-06-04/greek-debt-crisis-112142 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP%20PhotoYorgos%20Karahalis.jpg" style="width: 563px; height: 375px;" title="(Photo: AP/Yorgos Karahalis)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/208829796&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Greece inches toward debt agreement</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">The Greek prime minister met with the country&rsquo;s Eurozone creditors in Brussels yesterday and during the night to try and negotiate the terms of a final loan agreement for its international bailout. Greece and the Eurozone lenders and the IMF have been in negotiations for months over what kinds of reforms Greece needs to make in order to secure the final group of loans. Greece is hoping to avert a default although the country has said it might not be able to make its next IMF repayment, 335 million dollars, which is due on Friday. The head of the International Monetary Fund has said she is &quot;confident&quot; Greece will make the key debt payment tomorrow. Stephen Nelson, a professor of political science at Northwestern University who specializes in the politics of debt and Nick Malkoutzis, editor of MacroPolis, join us to talk about the possible solutions to the crisis and its impact on Greece.<br /><br /><strong>Guests: </strong></p><ul><li style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><em><a href="http://www.polisci.northwestern.edu/people/core-faculty/stephen-nelson.html">Stephen Nelson</a> is a professor of political science at Northwestern University.</em></li><li style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><em><a href="https://twitter.com/nickmalkoutzis">Nick Malkoutzis</a> is the editor of MacroPolis.&nbsp;</em></li></ul><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/208829794&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><br />&nbsp;</p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Global Activism: Blind Foundation for India</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">According to World Health Organization, close to 300 million people globally are visually impaired, 39 million are blind and nine out of every ten visually impaired people are low-income. Manu Vora is president and founding director of the Blind Foundation for India (BFI), based in Naperville, IL. We first spoke with him in 2008. For our Global Activism segment, Manu is back to update us on BFI&rsquo;s work to provide aid and support to the tens of millions of India&rsquo;s visually impaired.<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong> <em>Manu Vora is&nbsp;president and founding director of the <a href="http://www.blindfoundation.org/">Blind Foundation for India</a>.</em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/208829791&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Relief efforts continue in Nepal and US-South Asian relations</span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Nepal continues to rebuild after a deadly earthquake struck the country last April. According the U.S. State Department, the earthquake destroyed or damaged 760,000 homes. The United States has provided temporary housing to many displaced Nepalis and is collaborating with the Nepali government on coordinating the reconstruction of the infrastructure that was destroyed. This week, U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter announced the US agreed to two new defense trade deals with India as part of a plan to strengthen military ties between the two countries. Nisha Desai Biswal, Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs, joins us to talk about the U.S. effort in Nepal and relations with India.<br /><br /><strong>Guest:</strong>&nbsp;<em><a href="http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/biog/215789.htm">Nisha Desai Biswal</a>&nbsp;is Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs.</em></p></p> Thu, 04 Jun 2015 16:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-06-04/greek-debt-crisis-112142 Greek austerity update, 'Only God Forgives' reviewed and a world music festival http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-19/greek-austerity-update-only-god-forgives-reviewed-and-world-music <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP57034231517.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>We get an update on Greek austerity measures. Milos Stehlik reviews the French-Danish film &#39;Only God Forgives.&#39; Nari Safavi helps listeners plan a weekend full of international flair.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F101763523&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-only-god-forgives-reviewed-and-internati.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-only-god-forgives-reviewed-and-internati" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Greek austerity update, 'Only God Forgives' reviewed and a world music festival" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p></p> Fri, 19 Jul 2013 11:55:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2013-07-19/greek-austerity-update-only-god-forgives-reviewed-and-world-music 'Fox hole' opens passage to Neolithic past, possibly Hades http://www.wbez.org/sections/lifestyle/fox-hole-opens-passage-neolithic-past-possibly-hades-103199 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/cave-crop.jpg" title="Alepotrypa Cave was home to a Neolithic community more than 5,000 years ago. The first archaeologist to dig inside unearthed hundreds of burials and hypothesized that the cave was believed to be Hades, or the underworld in Greek mythology. (Photo Courtesy of Bill Parkinson)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="http://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F63885878&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p>A Field Museum curator is digging around a cave in Southern Greece that&rsquo;s been compared to the mythical underworld, Hades. &nbsp;That cave might help explain why people choose to migrate to big cities or high tail it to the suburbs.</p><p>And it has a surprising Chicago tie.&nbsp;</p><p>William Parkinson is the associate curator of Eurasian anthropology at the Field Museum. He is on a research team, called The Diros Project, made up of two Greek and two American archaeologists (both Chicago natives).</p><p>They are excavating Alepotrypa Cave, which is nearly four football fields long. The researchers compare the most striking room in the cave to a Cathedral.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s a very awesome place, in the literal sense of the word,&rdquo; Parkinson said. &ldquo;I can only think that, several thousand years ago, when it was lit by torches, not by electric lamps like it is now, it would have been all that more striking.&rdquo;</p><p>They have unearthed tools and pottery that remain from a Neolithic (Stone Age) community between 5,000 and 8,000 years ago. Under the dripping stalactites, skeletons dating as far back as 8,000 years rest under layers of sediment.</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s the closest thing we have to something like a Neolithic Pompeii in the Mediterranean,&rdquo; Parkinson said.</p><p>Alepotrypa was not resettled by later civilizations, so the authenticity is extraordinary, Parkinson said.</p><p>The settlers used the cave as a shelter, a cemetery and a sacred worship place. The population expanded outside of the cave and bloomed into an early urban center.</p><p>The pottery and &ldquo;ancient people&rsquo;s garbage&rdquo; the settlers left behind are the strongest evidence of a densely populated village, Parkinson said. A two-by-two meter unit revealed more than 30 pounds of pottery. The archaeologists unearthed materials and pottery styles from different regions, which indicate economic activity and a mingling of cultures.</p><p>&ldquo;If you&rsquo;re in an area where there is more trade more interaction, there&rsquo;s more variety in not just in food, but in life and the people you meet,&rdquo; Parkinson said. &nbsp;People may have gravitated toward Alepotrypa just for the sake of &ldquo;wanting to live together.&rdquo;</p><p>But Parkinson said all life in Alepotrypa abruptly ended, around 5,000 years ago, when the cave&rsquo;s population was most dense and dynamic. The cave entrance collapsed, possibly due to an earthquake. The cave&rsquo;s occupants were buried alive.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s sealed,&rdquo; Parkinson said. &ldquo;And it&rsquo;s not opened again until the 1950s.&rdquo;</p><p>After the collapse, settlers outside the cave fled the peninsula. Even today, the area surrounding the cave is scarcely populated.</p><p>&ldquo;The area is geographically marginal, you have to want to get there,&rdquo; Parkinson said.</p><p>Greeks have gravitated toward financial opportunities in big cities, like Athens.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/cave-2.jpg" style="float: right;" title="Paul Kondraros shared photos of his family in Diros, a village in Southern Greece. He said his uncle discovered Alepotrypa Cave when he was hunting with his dog. (Cassidy Herrington/WBEZ)" />Some, like 74-year-old Paul Kondraros, moved to Chicago. In 1953, Kondraros left Diros, the closest village to Alepotrypa and his hometown, &ldquo;to make more money&rdquo; as an electrical engineer.</div><p>Kondraros has a startling connection to Alepotrypa. He claims his uncle discovered the cave and is responsible for the name, which means &ldquo;fox hole&rdquo; in Greek. &nbsp;</p><p>Kondraros said his uncle was out hunting with his dog in the late 1950s, when the dog took off in pursuit of a fox and darted into a small hole.</p><p>&ldquo;After two hours or so, the dog never came out,&rdquo; Kondraros said. He said his uncle widened the hole and ventured inside. That hole, he said, was the opening to Alepotrypa Cave. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>Anastasia Papathanasiou, a Diros Project archaeologist who works for the Greek Ministry of Culture, said the story &ldquo;might be true,&rdquo; but adds that there are several different tales of discovery circulating in the village.</p><p>An even greater legend, from Greek mythology, might be linked to Alepotrypa.</p><p>The first archaeologist to dig inside Alepotrypa was 90-year-old Greek Archaeologist Giorgos Papathanassopoulos, in 1970. He&rsquo;s spent 40 years studying the relics of the cave&rsquo;s Neolithic people and describes feeling a sense of awe when he imagines what their lives might have been like.</p><p>&ldquo;To this day, the richness and variety of the findings never cease to amaze me,&rdquo; Papathanassopoulos said in an e-mail. &ldquo;There is abundant scientific work for at least three more generations.&rdquo;</p><p>His initial findings included kilos of painted funeral vases and the remnants of blazing funeral rituals, Papathanassopoulos said. During the ceremonies, people intentionally broke pottery and set the cave walls on fire.</p><p>These rituals &ldquo;combined with the impressive, enormous hall,&rdquo; lead Papathanassopolos to an intriguing theory. He posited that the Neolithic people believed the cave was Hades.</p><p>&ldquo;You can easily see why Giorgos would make that hypothesis,&rdquo;Diros Colleague Michael Galaty said. &ldquo;The cave really does recall the underworld, Hades and the River Styx.&rdquo;</p><p>Colleague Anastasia Papathanasiou said she&rsquo;s hesitant to endorse her colleague&rsquo;s theory because &ldquo;it&rsquo;s just a scenario&rdquo; that obviously cannot be proven.</p><p>&ldquo;It might be, it might not be,&rdquo; she said.</p><p>She and the other team members have their sights set on big sociological questions: What was it about this cave that attracted people from all over the region? And why did they leave?</p><p>The reason for the exodus might help us understand why modern people migrate, The Field&rsquo;s Parkinson said. The source that brought people to the region was cut off, and the settlers outside the cave fled. Parkinson said they also may have abandoned the village due to the stresses of urban life like crime and disease.</p><p>&ldquo;People had never lived in groups this big before, and then they decide &lsquo;This isn&rsquo;t working,&rsquo;&rdquo; Parkinson said. &ldquo;Rather than dealing with the social stresses of having to live with your neighbor or on top of your neighbor, people just choose to establish settlements elsewhere.&rdquo;</p><p>Kind of like Chicagoans fleeing for the suburbs, Parkinson said.</p><p>The diversity of urban life could have been what made Alepotrypa so attractive to Neolithic settlers, much like downtown Chicago in recent decades.</p><p>&ldquo;Now it&rsquo;s bustling, there are restaurants, we&rsquo;re seeing more people living downtown,&rdquo; Parkinson said. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s exactly those similar kinds of processes that were going on several thousand years ago.&rdquo;</p></p> Thu, 18 Oct 2012 12:12:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/sections/lifestyle/fox-hole-opens-passage-neolithic-past-possibly-hades-103199 Greek elections a 'vote' for the euro http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-06/greek-elections-vote-euro-100173 <p><div class="image-insert-image " style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP12061517399.jpg" title="An elderly supporter of New Democracy party waves a Greek flag in front of a smoke from flairs during an election rally at Syntagma square in Athens, June 15, 2012. (AP/Petros Karadjias) " /></div><p>Europe is still in big trouble despite Greek election results that lessen the likelihood of an imminent disaster. Victory by the conservative New Democracy, a party supporting Greece&#39;s bailout deal, opens the way for negotiations with international creditors on giving the country more time and room to fix its broken finances.</p><p>Additionally, European officials are signaling a willingness to talk and avoid a disastrous aid cutoff that could force Greece out of the euro. Greek election victor Antonis Samaras said he will continue efforts to build a broad coalition government,&nbsp;despite a refusal from the second-placed Syriza radical left party to join in.</p><p>The conservative New Democracy leader said he will seek to engage as many parties as possible in the power-sharing effort.</p><p>Samaras spoke after talks Monday with Syriza leader Alexis Tsipras. He said he would persist in his efforts because debt-crippled Greece is in &quot;immediate&quot; need of being governed. New Democracy came first in national elections Sunday, but without enough seats in Parliament to govern alone.</p><p><strong>Monday on <em>Worldview </em></strong></p><p>Endy Zemenides, executive director of <a href="http://hellenicleaders.com/" target="_blank">Hellenic-American Leadership Council </a>explains why the Greek public voted to stick it out with the common currency.</p></p> Mon, 18 Jun 2012 09:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2012-06/greek-elections-vote-euro-100173 Craig Wright: Don't just blame the Greeks for their debt crisis http://www.wbez.org/blogs/onstagebackstage/2012-05/craig-wright-dont-just-blame-greeks-their-debt-crisis-99687 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Greek%20Debt%20%28ap.Thanassis%20Stavrakis%29.jpg" style="float: right; width: 300px; height: 209px; " title="A woman passes in front of chart with the stock prices at the Greek Stock Exchange in Athens, Monday, May 7, 2012. (AP/Thanassis Stavrakis)" />There&#39;s a big debt crisis going on in Greece right now, one that so few people really understand that <em>This American Life</em> even teamed up with <em>Planet Money<a href="http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/455/continental-breakup"> </a></em><a href="http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/455/continental-breakup">for a whole episode to explain it</a>.</p><p>But you can skip that hour (sorry <em>TAL</em>!) because screenwriter and playwright Craig Wright&nbsp;has a shorter explanation of what&#39;s happened in Europe. And, he&#39;s aiming for German Chancellor Angela Merkel: &quot;It&#39;s not that you can&#39;t blame the Greeks. But don&#39;t you have to acknowledge, Angela, the forces that you fed into their current insufficiencies, especially since they have so much to do with you?&quot; Read an excerpt below or listen above:</p><p><em>So I wanted to talk today about the Greek debt crisis. When I looked at the news this week </em><em>&ndash;</em><em> and I don&#39;t look at the news that often, so this is really big </em><em>&ndash;</em><em> I noticed that the Germans had decided that the best way to deal with the current economic paranoia in Europe was to throw the Greeks out of the European Union.</em></p><p><em>Which many of you probably don&#39;t know, and so I looked it up: In <a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/greece/index.html">a summary on the </a></em><a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/greece/index.html">New York Times</a><em><a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/greece/index.html"> website</a> provided by Peter Poulos, the genesis of the Greek debt crisis was that they sort of binged on debt for the past decade and then in 2009 it all fell apart. And then the EU constructed two giant bailouts, when then created a bunch of internal unrest inside of Greece which then took the government down, so now the people of Greece no longer want to do the bailouts that the EU arranged, and so the Germans decided that the best thing to do was to kick them out.</em></p><p><em>This whole summary of the situation was written, I think, by Peter Poulos. It&#39;s not credited to him, but its sitting next to a picture of him next to a slideshow link where you can see all the cool vintage stuff hes bought in Athens while he&#39;s been stationed there.</em></p><p><em>Now you have to really appreciate </em><em>&ndash;</em><em> or hate </em><em>&ndash;</em><em> the irony or lack thereof of the </em>New York Times<em>, to put his sort-of shopping spree link next to his account of a giant economic global disaster. That being said, no one appreciates an amphora more than me so...Opa!</em></p><p><a href="http://thepapermacheteshow.com/" target="_blank">The Paper Machete</a>&nbsp;<em>is a weekly live magazine at the Horseshoe in North Center. It&#39;s always at 3 p.m., it&#39;s always on Saturday, and it&#39;s always free. Get all your</em>&nbsp;The Paper Machete Radio Magazine<em>&nbsp;needs filled&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wbez.org/tags/paper-machete" target="_blank">here</a>, or download the podcast from iTunes&nbsp;<a href="http://itunes.apple.com/podcast/the-paper-machete-radio-magazine/id450280345" target="_blank">here</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 31 May 2012 10:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/onstagebackstage/2012-05/craig-wright-dont-just-blame-greeks-their-debt-crisis-99687 How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 2 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 <p><p>Today we continue the capsule stories of how people from the 28 NATO countries helped build Chicago. The final part will be posted tomorrow.</p><p><strong>Albania</strong>—Chicago has never had a large Albanian population, and no real Albanian neighborhoods. The most prominent local person of Albanian ancestry was probably comedian John Belushi, who grew up in Wheaton.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Albania-St.%20Nicholas.JPG" title="St. Nicholas Albanian Orthodox Church--2701 N. Narragansett Ave."></div><p><strong>Croatia</strong>—Because Croatia didn’t become independent until 1991, Chicago’s Croatians were commonly classified as “Yugoslavians.” Most of the local community life was centered around a few parishes, such as St. Jerome’s in Armour Square. Mayor Michael Bilandic and Alderman Ed Vrdolyak are the city’s most famous Croatians.</p><p><strong>Denmark</strong>—Most of the Chicago’s earliest Danish immigrants settled along the axis of Milwaukee Avenue, close to other Scandinavians. By 1910 there were nearly 20,000 Danes in the city, the majority of them located near North Avenue in Humboldt Park. From there the newer generations moved northwest and gradually dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Denmark-Danish%20Home.jpg" title="The Danish Home--5656 N. Newcastle Ave."></div><p><strong>Greece</strong>—Greeks began arriving in the city as early as 1840. By the turn of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, a thriving community called the Delta was established around the area of Harrison and Halsted. Unlike most other ethnic groups, a large percentage of Greek immigrants remained in America only long enough to make their fortune, then returned to their native land. But enough of them stayed to make Chicago’s Greek settlement one of the country’s biggest.</p><p>Today over 100,000 people of Greek descent live in metro Chicago. During the 1960s, the new University of Illinois campus displaced many residents, and the Greek community dispersed to such areas as Lincoln Square. However, a remnant of the city’s historic Greektown remains on the Near West Side, along Halsted just north of the university. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Iceland</strong>—In all the years I’ve been in Chicago, I’ve only known one person of Icelandic descent. It was the early 1970s, and she lived near Diversey and Central—which you might say made Cragin the city’s Icelandic neighborhood. If there are any more Icelanders out there, let me know.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Norway-Rockne%20%28LofC%29.jpg" style="float: right; height: 339px; width: 250px;" title="A Norwegian immigrant to Chicago: Knute Rockne (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Norway</strong>—Norwegians were among the earliest immigrants to put down roots in Chicago. They lived along Milwaukee Avenue, mainly in Logan Square. By 1900 there were over 40,000 Norwegians in Chicago, including future football legend Knute Rockne. Though the community is no longer concentrated in one area, a Norwegian Constitution Day Parade is staged annually in Park Ridge.</p><p><strong>Poland</strong>—Chicago’s first wave of Polish immigrants started arriving in the 1850s. They settled on the near Northwest Side. St. Stanislaus Kostka parish was founded in 1864, and as more people came, other churches were built. Business, cultural, and political organizations sprang up. The area near Milwaukee and Division became known as Polish Downtown.</p><p>During the 20<sup>th</sup> century, Poles began moving up Milwaukee Avenue toward Niles. Meanwhile, Polish enclaves developed in Back of the Yards, South Chicago, Hegewisch, and other areas. The Poles became the city’s largest ethnic group, and Chicago was said to be "the second biggest Polish city in the world."</p><p>Today the Chicago area counts about 1.5 million people of Polish ancestry. The community has dispersed, though many Poles still live along the Milwaukee Avenue corridor. The Polish Museum of America is located near the onetime Polish Downtown.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Poland-family%20group%2C%201907.jpg" title="Polish family group, 1907. (Author's collection)"></div><p><strong>Portugal</strong>—Portugal sent an official delegation to the 1893 Columbian Exposition. Yet as late as 1940 there were only 47 Portuguese residents in all of Cook County. The current metro population is said to be about 3,000.</p><p><strong>Spain</strong>—Though Chicago’s Hispanic community is large, the number of ethnic Spaniards has always been very small. The latest estimate puts the number of Spaniards in the Chicago metro area at about 500.</p></p> Wed, 16 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 Weekend Passport: Immigration theater, Greek masks http://www.wbez.org/series/weekend-passport/weekend-passport-immigration-theater-greek-masks-99049 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/419604_10150666961318259_182300968258_9063843_56184008_n.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Friday's <em>Weekend Passport</em> takes you to Mexico, Greece and into the work of a Holocaust survivor who reflects her life experience in her paintings.</p><p>First, to Mexico where <a href="http://teatroluna.org/season/living-large-in-a-mini-kind-of-way/" target="_blank">Teatro Luna presents</a><em><a href="http://teatroluna.org/season/living-large-in-a-mini-kind-of-way/" target="_blank"> Living Large in a Mini Kind of Way</a></em>,&nbsp; by playwright Diane Rodriguez. "Diane’s play asks some specific questions to illustrate different aspects of the&nbsp;immigration drama," says Alexandra Media, Executive Director of Teatro Luna. Based on a true story, <em>Living Large</em> asks us, "What would you do if you didn't have a social security number, and how far would you go for those nine precious digits that could change your life?" You can catch&nbsp;<em>Living Large in a Mini Kind of Way </em>at the <a href="http://teatroluna.org/" target="_blank">Teatro Luna Theater</a> located at 3914 North Clark Street. Shows on Friday and Saturday at 7:30 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m. and 6 p.m.</p><p>Next, explore kids get a chance to learn about Greek culture with the <a href="http://www.chicagochildrensmuseum.org/" target="_blank">Chicago Children's Museum's</a> series <em><a href="http://www.nationalhellenicmuseum.org/passport-world-greece-3/" target="_blank">Passport to the World: World Music May</a></em>.&nbsp;The <a href="http://www.nationalhellenicmuseum.org/" target="_blank">National Hellenic Museum</a> teams up with the Children's Museum where kids get a chance&nbsp; make ancient Greek shields and cyclops masks and learn&nbsp; Greek dance with the <a href="http://ellasdance.com/" target="_blank">Ellas Dancers of Chicago</a>. There will also be special performances by&nbsp;<a href="http://neoleahellenicdancers.com/Home.php" target="_blank">Neolena Hellenic Dancers</a>. At the end of the day kids will battle off against each other with their new Greek gear (WARNING: This event may get too cute). A wide spread of Greek treats are available as well so the kids won't go hungry. <em>Passport to the World: World Music May</em> is hosted by the Chicago Children's Museum, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Friday, Saturday and Sunday at Navy Pier.</p><p>Then: What do you get when you combine <span id="internal-source-marker_0.15610435207320672">a Venezuelan, a Mexican, two Americans and two French guys</span>? The psychedelic music collective <a href="http://chichalibre.com/" target="_blank">Chicha Libre</a> - duh! They call themselves "musical cannibals" and it's apparent why when you hear their unique blend of musical influences. They perform Saturday at the the <a href="http://www.oldtownschool.org/" target="_blank">Old Town School of Folk Music</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>Finally, Vera Klement is an established painter with a lot to say. Her Russian-Jewish family escaped to Poland when she was a young girl; they later fled to the U.S. to escape the Holocaust. Her latest exhibit opens on Friday at the Zolla Lieberman Gallery. The opening runs from 5 to 8 p.m.</p><p>Enjoy your globetrotting right here in Chicago.</p></p> Fri, 11 May 2012 10:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/weekend-passport/weekend-passport-immigration-theater-greek-masks-99049