WBEZ | social media http://www.wbez.org/tags/social-media Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en StoryCorps Chicago: Changed by Friendship http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-changed-friendship-113879 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Sarah Michaelson and Michael Herzovi.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>A few years ago, Sarah Michaelson went to see a friend perform in an old-fashioned radio show in front of a live audience. During the show, a man in a wheelchair told a story about how he had never had a girlfriend. Sarah was impressed by his performance and approached him after the show.</p><p>Michael Herzovi and Sarah eventually became Facebook friends. The two recently stopped by the StoryCorps booth to talk about the time she asked him out on their first date.</p><p dir="ltr"><em><a href="http://www.storycorps.org">StoryCorps&rsquo; </a>mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></p><p dir="ltr"><em>This story was recorded in partnership with the&nbsp;<a href="http://reelabilitieschicago.org/" target="_blank">Reel Abilities Film Festival</a>.</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Fri, 20 Nov 2015 15:01:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-changed-friendship-113879 Why Didn't The World Say 'We Are All Kenyans' Last April? http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res456382193" previewtitle="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/gettyimages-469714924a_custom-fafbf4e548679cc02a4e691cd7157c83bce625e7-s1300-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="A woman in Nairobi attends a concert in honor of the victims of the terrorist attack that took 147 lives at Garissa University College in April. (Simon Maina/AFP/Getty Images)" /></div><div><div><p>When you search for #ParisAttacks, you get nearly 2.2 million results on Google.</p></div></div></div><p>When you search for #KenyaAttacks, you get about 300.</p><p>The Parisian response is a reaction to the terrorist attacks last Friday, which took 129 lives and injured far more. People around the world have expressed solidarity. Facebook users are coloring their profile photos with the red-white-and-blue French flag, and the hashtags #PrayforParis, #WeAreAllParisians and #ParisAttacks are trending on Twitter.</p><div id="res456362117">But Kenya has suffered two terrorist attacks of similar scale. In the 2013 attack on Westgate Mall in Nairobi, 67 died. The attack on Garrissa University College in eastern Kenya on April 2 killed 147.</div><p>When those attacks happened, the world wasn&#39;t silent &mdash; people spoke up using #KenyaAttacks and #GarissaAttacks. But the response wasn&#39;t nearly as strong.</p><div id="res456362660" previewtitle="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention."><div><div><p>The same can be said about recent terrorist attacks in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/12/455784294/more-than-30-reported-killed-in-beirut-bombing-of-hezbollah-area">Lebanon.</a></p></div></div></div><p><img alt="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/11/17/_mg_8814_custom-bb6238f73a9259b8741a758869e97b87eff90b2d-s500-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 310px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Evans Wadongo of Kenya wonders whether people are so used to bad news from Africa that a terrorist attack doesn't generate a lot of attention." /></p><p>To hear a Kenyan&#39;s perspective, I spoke with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/18/373803890/smoke-got-in-his-eyes-and-inspired-a-new-kind-of-lamp">Evans Wadongo</a>, 29, who grew up in a rural district and now lives in Nairobi, where he runs&nbsp;<a href="http://sustainabledevelopmentforall.org/about-us/about-us.html">Sustainable Development For All</a>, a nonprofit group that promotes solar power, education and economic betterment.</p><p><strong>What was your reaction to the news from Paris?</strong></p><p>It&#39;s a shock &mdash; something you don&#39;t expect to happen in Europe, really. For me, the shock was also about the magnitude of it &mdash; the fact that there were multiple locations and the scale of the damage.</p><p><strong>Did you have the same kind of reaction when Kenya was struck by terrorists?</strong></p><p>It was unexpected and very shocking.</p><p><strong>Do you think the world&#39;s reactions to the events in Paris and Kenya were different?</strong></p><p>Certainly it&#39;s different. More people are standing up for the French people and trying to support them.</p><p><strong>How does that make you feel?</strong></p><p>We are definitely feeling there&#39;s more value attached to humanity if a tragedy happens in Europe.</p><p><strong>Why do you think that is? Racism?</strong></p><p>For certain people it may be a bit of racism, but I also feel it&#39;s a lack of understanding. It&#39;s just that people are so used to negative things coming out of certain parts of the world &mdash; of Africa, of Asia, of South America. It&#39;s the norm. People expect bad things to happen. When something bad happens in Europe or the U.S., it&#39;s unusual. If something bad happens in some other part of the world, it&#39;s usual.</p><p><strong>Does that make you angry?</strong></p><p>It kind of makes me angry, but it also makes me feel that we need to have more positive stories coming out of Africa so when something bad happens, more people will feel sympathy with the situation.</p><p><strong>Any other reasons you can think of for the difference in reaction?</strong></p><p>More people know about ISIS as opposed to&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/04/07/398004455/amid-the-chaos-in-somalia-al-shabab-expands-its-terrorist-reach">al-Shabab</a>&nbsp;[an Islamist group that originated in Somalia and was responsible for both Kenyan attacks]. ISIS has taken root in so many countries but people pay less attention to al-Shabab, which follows the same ideology.</p><p><strong>What reaction to the Paris event are you hearing from your acquaintances in Kenya?</strong></p><p>People are hoping this will create more awareness that this thing can happen anywhere, there should be more support. Terrorism is terrorism. We all need to come together and support each other and condemn what happened in one voice.</p><p><strong>When people say, &quot;We are all Parisians&quot; do you feel left out?</strong></p><p>I don&#39;t see any problem with people saying that. But they should say the same thing if something bad happens in any part of the world. If it happens in Nigeria, say, &quot;We are all Nigerians.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://bc.ca/radio/q" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Wed, 18 Nov 2015 15:34:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/why-didnt-world-say-we-are-all-kenyans-last-april-113845 How your social media activity affects your credit history http://www.wbez.org/news/could-your-social-media-footprint-step-your-credit-history-113653 <p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/14999830698_855f302093_z.jpg" style="text-align: center; height: 346px; width: 620px;" title="(flickr/Wes Schaeffer)" /></p><p>In December 1912, financier John Pierpont &quot;J.P.&quot; Morgan testified in Washington before the Bank and Currency Committee of the House of Representatives investigating Wall Street&#39;s workings of the time.</p><p>The fascinating&nbsp;<a href="http://memory.loc.gov/service/gdc/scd0001/2006/20060517001te/20060517001te.pdf">record produced from the testimony</a>&nbsp;called him the &quot;uncrowned king of finance&quot; and recounted this exchange between Morgan and the committee&#39;s lawyer, Samuel Untermyer:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>Untermyer: &quot;Is not commercial credit based primarily upon money or property?&quot;<br />Morgan: &quot;No, sir, the first thing is character.&quot;<br />Untermyer: &quot;Before money or property?&quot;<br />Morgan: &quot;Before money or anything else. Money cannot buy it.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>Further on, Morgan also produces this financial proverb material: &quot;A man I do not trust could not get money from me on all the bonds in Christendom.&quot;</p><p>A century later, this memory has found new life in a growing number of stories about alternative ways of calculating credit scores,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324883604578396852612756398" target="_blank">apparently promoted</a>&nbsp;by the co-founder of a startup called Lenddo.</p><p>It&#39;s a modern-day iteration of the idea of character as a commercial value: companies going online to try to figure out your financial potential from posts and connections from Facebook, Twitter and, yes, LinkedIn (professional contacts there are &quot;especially revealing of an applicant&#39;s &#39;character and capacity&#39; to repay,&quot; another creditworthiness startup founder&nbsp;<a href="http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21571468-lenders-are-turning-social-media-assess-borrowers-stat-oil" target="_blank">told the&nbsp;</a><a href="http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21571468-lenders-are-turning-social-media-assess-borrowers-stat-oil" target="_blank">Economist</a>, in 2013).</p><p>The latest wave of coverage comes from&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/d6daedee-706a-11e5-9b9e-690fdae72044.html#axzz3qRAWpoC3" target="_blank">a story</a>&nbsp;in the&nbsp;Financial Times&nbsp;about FICO, the credit scoring company, headlined: &quot;Being &#39;wasted&#39; on Facebook may damage your credit score.&quot;</p><p>The&nbsp;FT&nbsp;says FICO is developing a way to price loans to &quot;millions of people who have historically been off the grid&quot; and so the firm is &quot;looking at data on a spectrum&quot; from credit card repayment history to information volunteered on Facebook or other social media.</p><p>&quot;If you look at how many times a person says &#39;wasted&#39; in their profile, it has some value in predicting whether they&#39;re going to repay their debt,&quot; FICO CEO Will Lansing is quoted in the&nbsp;FT&nbsp;as saying. &quot;It&#39;s not much, but it&#39;s more than zero.&quot;</p><p>If you get the impression that FICO might use your Web posts to dock your credit scores, you&#39;re not alone. But here&#39;s a clarification from FICO spokeswoman Christina Goethe:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;The headline about social media posts created a misperception. FICO is not utilizing Facebook data, or any other type of social media data, in calculating FICO Scores. Mr. Lansing was talking generally about the fact that different types of data have different levels of predictive value.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>What FICO&nbsp;is&nbsp;doing is piloting a new type of score, called&nbsp;<a href="http://www.fico.com/en/products/fico-score-xd#overview">FICO Score XD</a>, which would add telecom and utility bills (from another credit reporting company Equifax) and property and public records (from LexisNexis) to its calculations to score people who can&#39;t be scored otherwise, for instance those without a credit history.</p><p>Goethe, in an email, explains how it works:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>&quot;FICO Score XD is currently designed to only score consumers that are not scorable with traditional credit data. The algorithm checks to determine if a traditional FICO Score can be generated first, and if it can, the traditional score is returned to the lender. If it cannot, FICO Score XD provides a second chance to get approved. The goal of FICO Score XD is to expand access to credit.&quot;</em></p></div></blockquote><p>OK, but what if FICO, or Experian, or Equifax, or TransUnion, or their smaller rivals&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304773104579266423512930050" target="_blank">do decide</a>&nbsp;to take social media data into account in building your file, and not just&nbsp;<a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-05-30/facebook-posts-help-credit-bureaus-sniff-out-fraudsters" target="_blank">to prevent fraud</a>? Their consumer reports can be used not just for loan and credit card decisions, but also hiring, insurance and housing.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Knowledge Is Power</strong></p><p>The first thing to know is this: You have to be told if information from your file has been used against you.</p><p>Bob Schoshinski is an assistant director in the privacy and identity protection division at the Federal Trade Commission. He says if your consumer credit data causes a bank, an insurer or landlord to reject your application or give you worse terms than you could have gotten, they have to give you what&#39;s called an &quot;adverse action notice.&quot;</p><p>It&#39;s the kind of notice, Schoshinski says, that explains: We rejected your application or gave you a worse deal because of your credit report or score, and here&#39;s where we got the report or score and here are the major factors that determined our decision.</p><div id="con454696065" previewtitle="Related NPR Stories"><div id="res454696258"><div>&nbsp;</div></div><div id="res454696064">&nbsp;</div></div><p>Employers who want to peek in your background through a credit or consumer report have to give you even more of a heads-up with a &quot;pre-adverse action notice,&quot; Schoshinski says, in case potential hires want to dispute anything on their report before a decision has been made.</p><p>And that&#39;s another thing you can do&nbsp;<a href="https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/pdf-0096-fair-credit-reporting-act.pdf" target="_blank">under the Fair Credit Reporting Act</a>: Make sure that your information is correct, wherever it may have been collected. Consumer reporting agencies must investigate disputed information and then correct or delete things that are wrong, incomplete or unverifiable.</p><p>&quot;Generally speaking the FCRA is neutral as to what kind of data a credit reporting agency, or a lender, or an employer uses,&quot; including social media, Schoshinski says. &quot;You have to have procedures that assure a maximum possible accuracy of the information you&#39;re providing.&quot;</p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/credithistory%20istockphoto.jpg" style="height: 225px; width: 300px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="(iStockphoto)" />The FCRA also prohibits credit reports from including negative stuff that&#39;s more than 7 years old (for instance, arrests) and leaves no room for shady uses of credit reports: If a bank, insurer, employer or landlord doesn&#39;t acknowledge that their decision stemmed from a credit report, &quot;then they&#39;re violating the law,&quot; Schoshinski says.</p><p><strong>When You&#39;re Found Online Directly</strong></p><p>Things get murkier when the social media data is collected not by consumer reporting companies, but banks/employers/property owners/insurers themselves. Those instances are not overseen by the FCRA and are guided by other anti-discrimination laws and ethics standards (for example, fair housing laws), whose relationships with social media are still getting sorted out, too.</p><p>NPR&#39;s Yuki Noguchi has&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2014/04/11/301791749/cant-ask-that-some-job-interviewers-go-to-social-media-instead" target="_blank">delved into the thorny issue</a>&nbsp;of employers sleuthing on social media accounts of potential new hires. She found hazy rules of what hiring folks can do with the information the a job seeker makes publicly available, especially given that discrimination can be hard to pinpoint when it&#39;s based on intangible and sometimes subconscious impacts of things like scanning a Facebook page.</p><p>The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission took on the topic in March 2014, issuing a recap&nbsp;<a href="http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/3-12-14.cfm" target="_blank">press release</a>&nbsp;with this note from panelists&#39; observations: &quot;To the extent that employers conduct a social media background check [to identify and recruit good candidates], it is better to have either a third party or a designated person within the company who does not make hiring decisions do the check, and only use publicly available information.&quot;</p><p>Spokeswoman Kimberly Smith-Brown says that workshop remains the EEOC&#39;s latest formal action on the topic of social media.</p><p>The FTC&#39;s Schoshinski says: &quot;Our main concern is about consent. If someone wants that information to be out there and wants to put information out about themselves, through social media or otherwise, then that shouldn&#39;t be a concern.</p><p>&quot;But if there&#39;s information that someone either doesn&#39;t know is going to be put out there or hasn&#39;t been told if they enter information here, it&#39;s going to be shared with thousands if not millions of people, then that can become a problem.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/04/454237651/could-your-social-media-footprint-step-on-your-credit-history?ft=nprml&amp;f=454237651" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Thu, 05 Nov 2015 12:13:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/could-your-social-media-footprint-step-your-credit-history-113653 Twitter's suspension of sports media revives debate over fair use http://www.wbez.org/news/twitters-suspension-sports-media-revives-debate-over-fair-use-113333 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP_926307783813.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Football&#39;s popularity has made it among the most lucrative business franchises. So it should come as no surprise that the NFL and other organizations holding the broadcasting rights to games felt very strongly about Deadspin and SB Nation, popular sports publications, attracting readers by posting highlights on Twitter.</p><p>What came next were complaints of copyright violations. Then came Twitter&#39;s suspension of the accounts. Now comes the question: Do GIFs of sports highlights qualify as fair use?</p><p>Parker Higgins, director of copyright activism at civil liberties non-profit Electronic Frontier Foundation, says that may be the case.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s a very small portion of the original,&quot; he says. &quot;It&#39;s in a different context, because there&#39;s no sound. It&#39;s not surrounded by game footage. It does seem like some of these could be fair use.&quot;</p><p>Fair use, or &quot;fair dealing&quot; as it&#39;s known in other countries, allows people to reproduce copyrighted material for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching or research. The&nbsp;<a href="https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/17/107">U.S. test for fair use</a>&nbsp;involves four steps that evaluate:</p><ol><li>the purposes of the use (is it commercial?),</li><li>the nature of the copyrighted work,</li><li>how big of a portion is being reproduced,</li><li>and how the reproduction will impact the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.</li></ol><p>Disputed uses are often settled in court, and Twitter&#39;s&nbsp;<a href="https://support.twitter.com/articles/20171959">own policies say</a>&nbsp;fair use cases are determined on a case-by-case basis. Its&nbsp;<a href="https://transparency.twitter.com/copyright-notices/2015/jan-jun">transparency reports show</a>&nbsp;that in the majority of the cases, the company does remove material from its website.</p><p>In the instance of complaints from the NFL, the Southeastern Conference, the Big 12 Conference and the Ultimate Fighting Championship, Deadspin&#39;s Twitter account was quickly restored, while the&nbsp;<a href="http://twitter.com/SBNationGIF">SBNationGIF</a>&nbsp;account remained suspended as of Tuesday evening.</p><p>Vox Media, which owns SB Nation, says it&#39;s working with Twitter to resolve the issues. Vox&#39;s statement also said the company always tries to &quot;keep our use of unlicensed third party footage within the bounds of fair use.&quot;</p><p>Both publications should have known better, says Forrester Research analyst (and football fan) Nate Elliott.</p><p>&quot;I don&#39;t know if it&#39;s the exact wording, but if you&#39;re like me, every Sunday at least twice you heard, &#39;Images, pictures and descriptions may not be used without the express written consent of the National Football League,&#39; &quot; Elliot says.</p><p>Nu Wexler, a Twitter spokesman, says the company does not comment on individual accounts, though he shared links to the individual complaints involved, which have now been posted in the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.chillingeffects.org/">Chilling Effects database</a>&nbsp;that tracks requests to remove online content.</p><p>The media companies theoretically could dispute the sports organizations&#39; complaints. Deadspin&#39;s owners at Gawker Media don&#39;t plan to sue the NFL &quot;at this time,&quot; says acting executive editor John Cook, and adds:</p><p>&quot;But its contempt for its fans&mdash;and Twitter&#39;s contempt for its users&mdash;is baffling to us.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/13/448378976/twitters-suspension-of-sports-media-revives-debate-over-fair-use?ft=nprml&amp;f=448378976" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 13 Oct 2015 09:59:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/twitters-suspension-sports-media-revives-debate-over-fair-use-113333 When social media fuels gang violence http://www.wbez.org/news/when-social-media-fuels-gang-violence-113212 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/7910370882_39d180fb66_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Facebook, YouTube and Twitter have become an everyday part of life for many young people &mdash; and increasingly, the way some, including rival gang members, threaten each other.</p><p>The practice is called &quot;cyber banging,&quot; and it&#39;s often led to fights and even death.</p><p>Jaime, 17, has been in a gang for two years and is trying to leave. NPR agreed to use only his first name for his safety. Logging onto a computer at the YMCA of Metro Chicago, he clicks on a video in his Facebook feed. It shows a group of young men mugging for the camera, flashing gang signs and guns. Jaime says it&#39;s one of many so-called gang pages online.</p><p>&quot;Social media is just endorsement, that&#39;s all,&quot; he says. &quot;To endorse where you come from, what gang you are in.&quot;</p><p>He points to one of the men who pushed his way to the front of the video for a just a moment. &quot;He got killed a week after [by] the rival gang. It was crazy, and now people actually make pictures making fun of him,&quot; Jaime says.</p><p>He says there will be retaliation over that disrespect. Using social media to gang bang reaches across all platforms. There is still rancor in some Chicago neighborhoods over a long-running feud on Twitter between Chicago rappers Chief Keef and Lil JoJo, both associated with rival gangs. Three years ago, shortly after Lil JoJo issued a taunt along with his location, he was killed.</p><p>This year, police say cyber banging fueled the death of another Chicago rapper.</p><p>Shaquon Thomas was called Young Pappy. On YouTube, there have been nearly 2 million views of his song &quot;Killa,&quot; which glorifies gang life and violence. He was gunned down in May.</p><p>Eddie Bocanegra, a co-director of Metro Chicago YMCA&#39;s Youth Safety and Violence Prevention program, says gang banging on social media for some is a way to get street credibility. Others that post gang raps think it&#39;s a way to make it big in the music industry, where dark and violent lyrics &mdash; so-called &quot;drill music&quot; &mdash; sells. But Bocanegra says the potential for violence spurred by social media extends even to those not in gangs.</p><p>&quot;This kid could simply say, &#39;Hey, I was in class today, and the girl next to me was really cute. Her name is so and so. I thought she was fine,&#39; &quot; he says. &quot;Well, this girl has a brother who is in the street who really already has a reputation of being violent or has a boyfriend, and he sees that post. Now it&#39;s like, &#39;Hey, why you making comments about my girl?&#39; &#39;Why you making comments about my sister?&#39; And it just escalates.&quot;</p><p>Chicago police do monitor social media sites, and they&#39;ve been able to work with school social workers to prevent some violence from occurring. Desmond Patton, a professor of social work at Columbia University, says he and fellow researchers want to take those efforts a step further.</p><p>&quot;One idea is that if we can decode the language, then perhaps we can send triggers to social workers, violence workers who are embedded in these neighborhoods already, so that they can utilize the strategies they already have to reach out to youth before the post becomes an injury or homicide,&quot; Patton says.</p><p>Patton conducted what he calls an &quot;Internet banging study.&quot; He interviewed current or former gang members between the ages of 14 and 24 in some of Chicago&#39;s toughest neighborhoods. He asked them what they see on social media, how they use it, how they believe it connects to violence in the neighborhood, and, he says, &quot;under what conditions are they responding to situations and posts online that they believe to be threatening.&quot;</p><p>One of the scientists working with Patton to create a cyber banging gauge is Henry Lieberman, a visiting professor at MIT&#39;s Media Lab. He plans to devise an algorithm to understand content on social media and how words turn to violence.</p><p>&quot;You want to be able to recognize patterns like that and then you can suggest to people to try to do things that de-escalate the situation,&quot; Lieberman says.</p><p>Meantime, Patton says there is much more to come, including more interviews and scientific testing, in the quest to use social media that&#39;s so essential to young people to curb gang violence.</p><p><em>&mdash; via <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/07/446300514/when-social-media-fuels-gang-violence">NPR&#39;s All Tech Considered</a></em></p></p> Wed, 07 Oct 2015 09:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/when-social-media-fuels-gang-violence-113212 Internet access expands in Cuba - for those who can afford it http://www.wbez.org/news/internet-access-expands-cuba-those-who-can-afford-it-113194 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/kahncuba--5--edit_custom-d28b46ce7c1fa4f28843f0b8da141f0a050631d2-s600-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res446012363" previewtitle="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/kahncuba--5--edit_custom-d28b46ce7c1fa4f28843f0b8da141f0a050631d2-s600-c85.jpg" style="height: 442px; width: 600px;" title="Havana residents huddle in front of the Habana Libre hotel, trying to log onto the Internet. (Carrie Kahn/NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>The best place to see Cuba&#39;s Internet explosion is along the busy Havana thoroughfare known as La Rampa, or the Ramp.</p></div></div></div><p>Named for its sloping descent toward the sea, it is congested and loud. Still, crowds pack the sidewalks, office alcoves and driveways here to log on. They huddle within a few blocks of huge cell towers atop the Havana Libre luxury hotel. All eyes are glued to smartphones, tablets and laptops.</p><p>Raul Cuba, 41, types a lengthy Internet access code and password into his phone. He only learned how to log on a month ago.</p><p>&quot;I&#39;d never been on Facebook before and the first time I did, I got so excited. I started chatting with my family in Miami, in Italy and Spain,&quot; he says.</p><p>Until this summer, Internet access only was available to tourists and officials, but since then the Castro government has set up dozens of pay-as-you-go public Wi-Fi hotspots around the country. And last month, President Obama allowed U.S. companies to invest in the island&#39;s telecommunication industry.</p><div id="res446000716" previewtitle="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/habana-libre-landov_custom-734f93c41b8f404043f1ebdfa6e7231c85b37e21-s600-c85.jpg" style="margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; height: 373px; width: 600px;" title="Huge cell towers top Havana's Habana Libre luxury hotel, and locals gather nearby to take advantage of the Internet access. (Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters/Landov)" /></div><div><p>But Cuba&#39;s public Wi-Fi remains out of most people&#39;s reach. An access card sold by the state phone company, ETECSA, costs about $2 for an hour of Internet use, while the average state salary in Cuba is about $20 a month. The lucky ones have relatives abroad sending money and devices back home &mdash; or they work in Cuba&#39;s tourist industry, earning tips in dollars.</p></div></div><p>Out on the Ramp, you can buy one of the Internet access cards for about $3 on Cuba&#39;s ubiquitous black market &mdash; more expensive, but it comes with technical assistance courtesy of Manuel Garcias, who&#39;s got a stack of cards for sale.</p><p>Asked where he gets the cards, he says, &quot;they come here and sell them to me &mdash; the husband or cousin of someone who works at ETECSA.&quot;</p><p><strong>&#39;The Rest Of Us With Nothing&#39;</strong></p><p>So far, only about 5 percent of Cubans can get online &mdash; one of the lowest Internet penetration rates in the world. And you don&#39;t have to go far to see those left off Cuba&#39;s Internet highway.</p><p>Just a few blocks down the Rampa, where the street dead-ends at Havana&#39;s picturesque Malecon seawall, is old-school Cuba &mdash; the original nighttime gathering spot for roving musicians, necking couples and revelers of all ages. There&#39;s barely a cell phone or laptop in sight.</p><p><img alt="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/05/kahncuba--17--edit_custom-ea64ff4581ff321443e31bc733aecbf79ed74167-s300-c85.jpg" style="height: 206px; width: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company. (Carrie Kahn/NPR)" /></p><p>Franc Bernal Gonzalez, 17, and some friends have the night off from their mandatory military service. Only two of them have cell phones &mdash; old, little ones, where the only thing they do is make a call.</p><div id="res446012093" previewtitle="Mari Jimenez, 53, uses an Internet access card sold by the state phone company."><div><p>&quot;In Cuba, we didn&#39;t used to see so many people with all this stuff and the rest of us with nothing,&quot; Bernal says. &quot;These differences started showing up a few years back, but have really grown bigger lately.&quot;</p></div></div><p>The government says it will boost the country&#39;s extremely low Internet access rate to 50 percent in the next five years, finances permitting &mdash; but hardline politics may cut into that goal. The No. 2 official in Cuba&#39;s Communist Party recently accused outsiders of taking advantage of greater Internet freedom to &quot;penetrate us and do ideological work for a new conquest.&quot;</p><p><strong>Video Chats And Beauty Tips</strong></p><p>Back on La Rampa, there&#39;s no evidence of political penetration or subversive web surfing. Nearly everyone here is video-chatting with relatives abroad.</p><p>&quot;My love! How are you, my love!&quot; exclaims Mari Jimenez, 53, reaching her son, who&#39;s driving in Miami.</p><div id="res446208657"><div>Jimenez just learned a month ago how to use her new iPhone 5, sent by her son. She has long, acrylic white nails &mdash; except on her index finger. &quot;It&#39;s much faster to use the phone without the nail,&quot; she says. &quot;I don&#39;t want to waste time or money.&quot; She&#39;ll just glue it back on when she gets home.</div></div><p>Meanwhile, 18-year-old Daniella Hidalgo is checking out makeup tips from a YouTube beauty guru named Yuya in Mexico City. Unfortunately, the signal isn&#39;t that good and she only gets to see a few of the tips before the video cuts out.</p><p>I ask Hidalgo if she visits news sites or anything political. No way, she says: &quot;I&#39;m paying for this, I&#39;m not going to waste my money on politics.&quot;</p><p>Jorge Bativia&#39;s been trying unsuccessfully for the past hour to video-chat with his girlfriend in Australia &mdash; whom he first met via an online chat &mdash; and is ready to give up.</p><p>Even so, he says, he&#39;s glad the Internet finally came to Cuba.</p><p>&quot;Even if [the government] wanted to take it back, they can&#39;t,&quot; he says. &quot;You can&#39;t keep people&#39;s eyes covered forever.&quot;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/10/06/445998527/internet-access-expands-in-cuba-for-those-who-can-afford-it?ft=nprml&amp;f=445998527" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 06 Oct 2015 10:22:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/internet-access-expands-cuba-those-who-can-afford-it-113194 UChicago researchers explore the lonely brain http://www.wbez.org/news/does-being-lonely-impact-social-interactions-113044 <p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/6033995797_5d3b3490da_z.jpg" style="height: 300px; width: 200px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;" title="(flickr/S.Antonio72)" />Researchers at the University of Chicago have found that when you&rsquo;re lonely, your brain may actually operate differently.</p><p>The researchers found that when lonely people are exposed to negative social cues of some kind, the electrical activity in their brains is more extreme. Meaning lonely people are subconsciously guarding against social threats, which could lead them to be even more isolated&nbsp;&mdash; and&nbsp;more lonely.</p><p>Here &amp; Now&nbsp;host Peter O&rsquo;Dowd speaks with&nbsp;Derek Thompson, senior editor with <em>The Atlantic</em>, on this&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wsj.com/articles/new-research-on-overcoming-loneliness-1442854148" target="_blank">research</a>.</p><p>&mdash;<em><a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/22/lonely-social" target="_blank"> via Here &amp; Now</a></em></p></p> Wed, 23 Sep 2015 14:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/does-being-lonely-impact-social-interactions-113044 #IStandWithAhmed resonates from White House to Silicon Valley http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-18/istandwithahmed-resonates-white-house-silicon-valley-112991 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/0918_ahmed-624x416.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Everyone from President Barack Obama to Facebook&rsquo;s Mark Zuckerberg has reached out in support to the 14-year-old Muslim boy Ahmed Mohamed who was handcuffed and escorted from his Irving, Texas, school after he brought a clock that he had made at home.</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">Cool clock, Ahmed. Want to bring it to the White House? We should inspire more kids like you to like science. It&#39;s what makes America great.</p>&mdash; President Obama (@POTUS) <a href="https://twitter.com/POTUS/status/644193755814342656">September 16, 2015</a></blockquote><p>The event has spread across social media via the hashtag&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/IStandWithAhmed" target="_blank">#IStandWithAhmed</a>. We look at some of the reaction to the story with Slate&rsquo;s editor-in-chief Julia Turner.</p><p>Here &amp; Now&lsquo;s&nbsp;Meghna Chakrabarti spoke with Slate&rsquo;s editor-in-chief&nbsp;Julia Turner&nbsp;on the reaction to the story.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/18/istandwithahmed" target="_blank"><em>Here &amp; Now</em></a></p></p> Fri, 18 Sep 2015 16:18:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/here-and-now/2015-09-18/istandwithahmed-resonates-white-house-silicon-valley-112991 Instagram: the new political war room? http://www.wbez.org/news/instagram-new-political-war-room-112817 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/jebtrumpap.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>For some time now, Donald Trump has been attacking Jeb Bush, mostly in media appearances or on Twitter. But, over the last few weeks, Trump has been using Instagram in his fight.</p><p>Trump has been posting campaign-style short videos to his Instagram feed, attacking Bush&#39;s record of support for the Iraq War and even posting a video of Jeb&#39;s mother, Barbara, urging him not to run for president:</p><div id="res437087946"><iframe allowtransparency="true" class="instagram-media instagram-media-rendered" data-instgrm-payload-id="instagram-media-payload-0" frameborder="0" height="763" id="instagram-embed-0" scrolling="no" src="https://instagram.com/p/6xi2dEGhfn/embed/captioned/?v=4" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 1px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; max-width: 658px; width: calc(100% - 2px); border-radius: 4px; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.498039) 0px 0px 1px 0px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.14902) 0px 1px 10px 0px; display: block; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-size: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-position: initial; background-repeat: initial;"></iframe></div><p>The attacks on Instagram stand out, because for the most part, national politicians don&#39;t use Instagram for attacks. The Instagram pages of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and, until recently, Jeb Bush, among so many others, are usually full of politicians in the act of being friendly politicians and &quot;real people&quot;; just take a look at New Jersey Democratic Sen. Cory Booker&#39;s feed, where he&#39;s documenting his latest diet.</p><p>Before Trump, Instagram &mdash; for politicians at least &mdash; was a place mostly free of outright vitriol. And it seemed for a while at least, that Trump would be an outlier in his use of Instagram for attack ads.</p><p>But on Tuesday, Bush used Instagram to post a video hitting back at Trump, with Trump wondering aloud why he is a Republican:</p><div id="res437090565"><iframe allowtransparency="true" class="instagram-media instagram-media-rendered" data-instgrm-payload-id="instagram-media-payload-1" frameborder="0" height="763" id="instagram-embed-1" scrolling="no" src="https://instagram.com/p/7FvjnLwEfz/embed/captioned/?v=4" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 1px; padding: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; max-width: 658px; width: calc(100% - 2px); border-radius: 4px; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.498039) 0px 0px 1px 0px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.14902) 0px 1px 10px 0px; display: block; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-size: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-position: initial; background-repeat: initial;"></iframe></div><p>That video was a short clip of a longer, 80-second video Bush&#39;s campaign released Tuesday, titled &quot;The Real Donald Trump.&quot; It pulled in archival footage of previous Trump media appearances, showing Trump calling himself &quot;pro-choice in every respect,&quot; supporting a single-payer healthcare system &mdash; saying it worked well in Scotland and Canada &mdash; suggesting that a 25 percent tax for high-income people &quot;should be raised substantially,&quot; and singing the praises of Democratic contender Hillary Clinton, calling her &quot;a terrific woman.&quot;</p><p>That video ended with a money quote: Trump saying to a reporter, &quot;Well you&#39;d be shocked if I said that in many cases I probably identify more as a Democrat.&quot;</p><p>Right before that Instagram teaser video on Trump, Bush posted a photo of a copy of the New York Times signed by Trump, calling former Democratic Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi &quot;the greatest.&quot;</p><p>After Bush posted his attack video on Trump, Trump responded with another Instagram video, comparing Bush to Clinton, complete with Mr. Bean-style music playing in the background.</p><p>Together, those two posts stand in stark contrast to Bush&#39;s previous Instragram persona &mdash; his last several posts included a group picture after a run with Navy veterans, candid shots of Bush talking with potential voters during campaign stops and even one of him wearing an apron near a grill at the Iowa State Fair.</p><p>Is this the new normal? Can political fights take place in any space now?</p><p>Maybe so. Political squabbles have already gotten a bit nastier &mdash; and more sophisticated, with graphics and the like &mdash; on Twitter this campaign season. Earlier this month, Hillary Clinton and Bush had what&nbsp;Wired&nbsp;magazine called &quot;An Epic Photoshop Fight On Twitter.&quot; Here are the tweets in question, in case you forgot:</p><p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p><div id="res437085489"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">Cost won&#39;t be a barrier to an education. Debt won&#39;t hold you back. Read Hillary&#39;s plan: <a href="http://t.co/A4pWb3fOf4">http://t.co/A4pWb3fOf4</a> <a href="http://t.co/KVyr8SlSVn">pic.twitter.com/KVyr8SlSVn</a></p></blockquote><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">&mdash; Hillary Clinton (@HillaryClinton) <a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton/status/630809548459220992">August 10, 2015</a></blockquote><p style="text-align: center;"><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p></div><div><p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="und" style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton">@HillaryClinton</a> <a href="http://t.co/m6LAHYCLok">pic.twitter.com/m6LAHYCLok</a></p></blockquote><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">&mdash; Jeb Bush (@JebBush) <a href="https://twitter.com/JebBush/status/630847558047375360">August 10, 2015</a></blockquote><p style="text-align: center;"><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p></div><div style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</div><div><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">.<a href="https://twitter.com/JebBush">@JebBush</a> Fixed it for you. <a href="http://t.co/d4q9EWpXCA">pic.twitter.com/d4q9EWpXCA</a></p></blockquote><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">&mdash; Hillary Clinton (@HillaryClinton) <a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton/status/630889514618195968">August 10, 2015</a></blockquote><p style="text-align: center;"><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p></div><div style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</div><div><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">.<a href="https://twitter.com/HillaryClinton">@HillaryClinton</a> fixed your logo for you. <a href="http://t.co/141nXHQe4Z">pic.twitter.com/141nXHQe4Z</a></p></blockquote><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" style="text-align: center;">&mdash; Jeb Bush (@JebBush) <a href="https://twitter.com/JebBush/status/630924074605223937">August 11, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div><div>&nbsp;</div><p>It&#39;s a far cry from even the 2012 election, when perhaps the most iconic Twitter image that season was of Michelle Obama hugging her husband after he won re-election.</p><p>But how much of this new social media combativeness can be pinned on Trump?</p><p><a href="https://smpa.gwu.edu/kerric-harvey">Kerric Harvey</a>, associate professor of media and public affairs at George Washington University, and editor of the&nbsp;Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics&nbsp;said it&#39;s complicated. Though, one thing is certain: Donald Trump lives for battles like these.</p><p>&quot;I think he&#39;s combative when he makes his grocery list,&quot; she told NPR. &quot;It&#39;s just his personality.&quot;</p><p>But, Harvey notes, Instagram becoming a space for political fights is just the latest example of the changing nature of all things Internet.</p><p>&quot;Every single technology that starts out with one kind of organizational culture to it, some kind of virtual code of conduct and worldview,&quot; Harvey said. But she notes, &quot;It never remains the way it began. It always morphs.&quot;</p><p>She pointed to a few examples, namely, the Internet itself. &quot;The Internet&#39;s life divides at about 1995, 1996, when it stopped being a way around paying long-distance charges &mdash; and for a small group of people &mdash; a very serious tool for sharing specific projects.&quot;</p><p>&quot;[Around] 1995, &#39;96 the Feds let the Internet go public,&quot; Harvey said. &quot;And a lot of things changed. Before that time, you got flamed if you mentioned anything about commerce on the Internet. ... It was an aggressively non-commercial medium. It was incompletely unacceptable to talk about commerce, let alone sell something.&quot;</p><p>And now the Internet is a commercial beast, full of online marketplaces and big-budget ad sales.</p><p>Harvey said Twitter is another example of a medium that has seen its purpose changing over time.</p><p>&quot;Twitter went from being notes people passed to each other in conferences, to being an electronic, multifaceted billboard,&quot; she said. &quot;First you knew people in real life. ... Now, Twitter is just another way of shouting.&quot;</p><p>Harvey added that all these media are demonstrating the same basic pattern.</p><p>&quot;All these models have moved away from a really personalized form of social media to social media as a public vehicle for public discussion,&quot; she said, &quot;and that included political discourse.&quot;</p><p>That holds for Instagram, which for national politicians at least, has moved from the app you used to share photos of your food with good friends, to a new forum for political attack videos.</p><p>And even if Trump didn&#39;t start that wave, Harvey said he&#39;s well-fit to ride it for a while.</p><p>&quot;He&#39;s in some ways perfect for social media,&quot; Harvey said, &quot;because there&#39;s so much clamor in the background, there&#39;s so much going on, that to win is not to necessarily persuade, or to communicate, or listen, it is to literally get attention.&quot;</p><p>Harvey added that, right now, in the world of social media, everyone&#39;s trying to do that.</p><p>&quot;My vision of where we are in politics, and culture, kind of as a world culture, is, imagine if you could go into a bat cave,&quot; Harvey said. &quot;And you could flip a switch and hear what&#39;s going on. That&#39;s what it&#39;s like for us, and we don&#39;t realize it. What we&#39;re doing as a species is screaming at the top of our lungs while we hurtle through the dark trying to find each other. That&#39;s where we are in the social media nexus, universe.&quot;</p><p>Right now at least, Donald Trump seems to be the loudest bat in the cave. And it doesn&#39;t seem like he&#39;s going to quiet down anytime soon.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&mdash; <em><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/09/03/436923997/instagram-the-new-political-war-room" target="_blank">NPR&#39;s It&#39;s All Politics</a></em></p></p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 09:47:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/instagram-new-political-war-room-112817 Public shaming in the age of the Internet http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-04/public-shaming-age-internet-112551 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/public shaming FlickrDavid Martyn Hunt.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Here are a few people who have been publicly shamed online: The PR exec who made a tasteless joke about hoping she wouldn&rsquo;t get AIDS in Africa, the American dentist who killed Cecil the African lion, the white woman who unleashed a racist rant against black children who splashed her at a Chicago beach. So, did they deserve it? When (if ever) does someone deserve to be publicly shamed on the internet? Where do you draw the line? The internet and social media can give voice to the voiceless. But it also opens the door to vicious attacks on others in the name of justice. In today&rsquo;s society, public shaming often happens online. So, when does it serve a purpose? And when does it just go too far?</p></p> Tue, 04 Aug 2015 11:04:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-08-04/public-shaming-age-internet-112551