WBEZ | children http://www.wbez.org/tags/children Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Should kids specialize in one sport? http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-12-14/should-kids-specialize-one-sport-114155 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/kid sports flickr USAG- Humphreys.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Many parents encourage their kids to specialize in one sport in hopes of one day getting a college scholarship, but many top athletes, and doctors, say specializing too early can have detrimental effects. Where do you come down in this debate? WBEZ sport contributor <a href="https://twitter.com/Crayestout?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor">Cheryl Raye-Stout</a> shares her take.</p></p> Mon, 14 Dec 2015 10:49:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-12-14/should-kids-specialize-one-sport-114155 Amid Violence, Chicago Parents Try To Inoculate Their Sons Against Fear http://www.wbez.org/news/amid-violence-chicago-parents-try-inoculate-their-sons-against-fear-114136 <p><p>The protests in Chicago have been mostly peaceful. But it&#39;s not just about police. This is all happening against a backdrop of gang violence, including the recent killing of a 9-year-old boy who police say was apparently targeted because of his father&#39;s alleged gang ties.</p><p>These incidents are forcing difficult conversations between parents and kids. And for African-American families, the conversation hits close to home.</p><p>How do you talk about what&#39;s happening? How do you reassure your kids? And how do you keep them safe? We visited with two families at the beginning and end of a busy school day to find out.</p><p>Our first stop: the neighborhood of West Chatham on Chicago&#39;s South Side. That&#39;s where we met the Johnson family.</p><p>It&#39;s 6:45 a.m., and Shango Johnson is waking up his 9-year-old son, Brendan.</p><p>With his long dreadlocks, high cheekbones, and quick movements, Shango Johnson is catlike as he moves up and down the stairs.</p><p>He and his wife, Karen, start breakfast and their son, Brendan, comes down to the kitchen &mdash; unfazed by early-morning visitors. He&#39;s in third grade at the Montessori School of Englewood.</p><p>Brendan shows us his drawings on the refrigerator &mdash; Goldilocks and the three bears &mdash; then heads to the family room to turn on the TV.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/johnson-family-audie_custom-1a22e57dd65f779df054778911d8bca57f4b6a55-s800-c85.jpg" title="Shango and Karen Johnson at their home in Chicago. Their 9-year-old son, Brendan, is in the third grade. (Audie Cornish/NPR)" /></div><p>His mother makes sure he watches kid shows &mdash; not the news.</p><p>&quot;We generally will wake up, turn on the news, see the first beginning of the news and then turn it off. It gets so depressing. It&#39;s just been bombarded with everything that goes on in our city,&quot; Karen says.</p><p>But even that doesn&#39;t mean she can escape news of violence. Last month in Chicago, a 9-year-old named Tyshawn Lee was shot to death. The boy&#39;s body was found in an alley the next neighborhood over.</p><p>&quot;Brendan was in the car with me and he heard the story and he was asking, &#39;Why would that happen? Who would do that to a child?&#39; And we just tried to explain to him that there are crazy people in the world. That to me, people have no regard for life anymore,&quot; Karen says.</p><p>Over the next few weeks, news reports implicated gang members. Police alleged the victim&#39;s father had gang ties.</p><p>Shango worries his son will start to think that somehow Tyshawn Lee wasn&#39;t so much a victim as a casualty of the violence people have come to expect from certain neighborhoods.</p><p>&quot;We got so much on TV about violence and stuff, you know, my son may go to look at it that he died because of this, he died because of that. Nah, he&#39;s 9 years old. He shouldn&#39;t have died, period,&quot; Shango says.</p><p>When Brendan asked to go to the prayer vigil for Tyshawn, his mother said no.</p><p>But as she drove through the neighborhood, Karen says, she found herself taking her son on an inadvertent tour of the dead boy&#39;s life.</p><p>There was Tyshawn&#39;s elementary school. There&#39;s the street corner near the alley where he was killed. A few blocks down, the church that held his funeral.</p><p>Is a mother ever ready to have this conversation with her child, explaining a senseless death?</p><p>&quot;Yeah, I don&#39;t want to say its the norm but it kind of is. We used to live in Englewood. We recently moved this past summer so with the violence being so bad how it is in Englewood we would be just driving, and my son would see yellow tape and it could be the construction tape [but] he would automatically think, &#39;Oh my God, someone has been killed.&#39; So it&#39;s like he&#39;s almost used to the violence going on in our community,&quot; Karen says.</p><p>How does she explain the kind of imagery you see in videos of police violence, like with Laquan McDonald? Or does she try to keep it from her young son?</p><p>&quot;I would tell him, &#39;I&#39;d prefer for you not to watch it,&#39; because I don&#39;t want it to be embedded in his mind. I don&#39;t want to replay that scene over and over again,&quot; Karen says.</p><p>Our conversation ends there because it&#39;s time to go to school.</p><p>Later that day, after school, we visit the Beasons.</p><p>They live just 7 miles away from the Johnsons in West Pullman, but it might as well be a different Chicago. The street is whisper quiet, with holiday decorations twinkling in front of their home.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/beasons-connor_custom-2b04caf74c4bfe56f3847f81207395b75f66cb24-s800-c85.jpg" title="Jacinda and Dave Beason. Family dinners are where whatever their three sons are thinking — about gang violence in the news, about police shooting videos — gets hashed out. (Connor Donevan/NPR)" /></div><p>The house is warm and smells like chopped peppers &mdash; Jacinda Beason is preparing chicken chili for her husband, Dave, and their three sons.</p><p>Malcolm is 17, with the broad shoulders of a football player. He plays for Lindblom, a selective public math and science academy. His 15-year-old brother, Matthew, attends as well.</p><p>Matthew&#39;s black sweatshirt says &quot;CAUTION: Educated Black Man&quot; and at 6 feet, 2 inches he&#39;s the tallest of the brothers, polite and soft-spoken.&nbsp;<br /><br />The youngest is Marcus. He&#39;s 12 going on 13 &mdash; we&#39;re crashing his birthday dinner, so tonight, he&#39;s the center of attention.</p><p>Jacinda and Dave say these dinners are where whatever the kids are thinking &mdash; about gang violence in the news, about police shooting videos &mdash; gets hashed out.</p><p>&quot;Our conversations have been, what do you do when you&#39;re not a gang banger? You&#39;re going to school and doing everything that you&#39;re supposed to do. And yet, I still have to prepare my sons &mdash; Malcolm, remember when you drive over to Lindblom, remember that that&#39;s three black men in a minivan. I don&#39;t like having that conversation. But if I don&#39;t prepare him to possibly get pulled over, and what you&#39;re supposed to do and what you&#39;re not supposed to do, and just reiterate that, I would worry,&quot; Jacinda says.</p><p>She says the conversations they have the most are about what kind of man their boys will grow up to be &mdash; and they&#39;ve taught them four principles to help on that journey.</p><p>Marcus knows them all.</p><p>&quot;Men of God, men who can think for themselves, a leader not a follower, know right from wrong,&quot; he says.</p><p>This is how Dave fortifies his sons. They don&#39;t want them to feel helpless. For example, they&#39;ve discussed plans to march in the protests downtown over police-involved shootings in Chicago.</p><p>Jacinda says that&#39;s because they want their sons to look for solutions.</p><p>But her husband knows not everyone in Chicago sees the protests the same way. He has experienced that firsthand &mdash; with a colleague at work.<br /><br />&quot;He was upset about the protests that was happening. And he said the officer had the right to shoot him. &#39;Mr. McDonald,&#39; I said to him, &#39;You don&#39;t have to worry about an officer killing your son when he goes out of the house. That is a concern, a real concern, in my family.&#39; I don&#39;t know if he understood that,&quot; Dave says.</p><p>Even as they acknowledged the city&#39;s problems, Jacinda lists the things they love about Chicago: the museums, their church, their schools. They believe they&#39;ve built a safe haven for their kids that can withstand the negative headlines.</p><p>Dave says it sounds corny, but that he&#39;s happy his sons still play Monopoly, have snowball fights and celebrate birthdays with quiet dinners at home.</p><p>And faced with the unpredictable &mdash; whether a random shooting, or a dangerous encounter with the police &mdash; the Beasons carry on.</p><p>&quot;You can&#39;t go around being afraid. You can&#39;t. That&#39;s no life. So we pray before we leave, walk out these doors, ask God to help us be an example for his people, ask for protection, and then we live our lives,&quot; Dave says.</p><p><em>&mdash; via<a href="http://www.npr.org/2015/12/10/459198009/amid-violence-chicago-parents-try-to-inoculate-their-sons-against-fear?ft=nprml&amp;f=459198009"> NPR News</a></em></p></p> Fri, 11 Dec 2015 10:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/amid-violence-chicago-parents-try-inoculate-their-sons-against-fear-114136 V-Tech Hack Affected Millions of Children — Is Anyone Safe? http://www.wbez.org/news/v-tech-hack-affected-millions-children-%E2%80%94-anyone-safe-114033 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GettyImages-155047799-2 (1).jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="file-295376"><div><img alt="The ongoing V-Tech hack has stolen information from millions of children and parents." id="1" src="http://www.marketplace.org/sites/default/files/styles/primary-image-766x447/public/GettyImages-155047799-2.jpg?itok=NUyVWxGh" title="(Leon Neal/Getty Images)" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The huge hack of Hong Kong toy company V-Tech continues to spread. V-Tech said today that hackers stole information of nearly 6.5 million children who used its toys. That number is up from 200,000, which is how many kids the company said were affected when it announced the hack on Friday. Hackers also stole data from about 5 million of the children&rsquo;s parents.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The stolen information includes names and birth dates, and may include photos of the children and chat logs from V-Tech&rsquo;s toy tablets and their parents&rsquo; phones. Ben Johnson, the host of Marketplace Tech and the new podcast Codebreaker, explains the hack.&nbsp;</div><div>&mdash;<a href="http://http://www.marketplace.org/2015/12/01/tech/v-tech-hack-affected-millions-children-%E2%80%94-anyone-safe" target="_blank"><em> via Marketplace</em></a></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 03 Dec 2015 12:19:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/v-tech-hack-affected-millions-children-%E2%80%94-anyone-safe-114033 WATCH: A French father tries to explain the attacks to his young son http://www.wbez.org/news/watch-french-father-tries-explain-attacks-his-young-son-113821 <p><p>Sometimes as a parent, it&#39;s hard to explain a cruel world to our children.</p><p>And sometimes, we see examples of a parent doing it exceptionally well despite some very tough circumstances.</p><p>Le Petit Journal, a show on the Canal+ network, captured a moment like that at the makeshift memorial in front of the Bataclan Theater in Paris, where dozens were killed during a terrorist attack on Friday.</p><p>There&#39;s not much more to say, other than watch:</p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/jb_5QlLQQH8?rel=0" width="560"></iframe></p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/17/456361418/watch-a-french-father-tries-to-explain-the-attacks-to-his-young-son?ft=nprml&amp;f=456361418" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 17 Nov 2015 12:14:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/watch-french-father-tries-explain-attacks-his-young-son-113821 StoryCorps Chicago: ‘We want a gay child, but we’d welcome a straight one’ http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-%E2%80%98we-want-gay-child-we%E2%80%99d-welcome-straight-one%E2%80%99-113986 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/91ea8933-4bb3-4578-955d-6ca929856023.jpg" alt="" /><p><p dir="ltr">Nelson Long and Alison Smith were two weeks away from their wedding when they visited the Chicago StoryCorps booth in August. Both Nelson and Alison are children of divorce, and both have a parent who is gay. Alison grew up as a preacher&#39;s daughter in southern Illinois and Nelson grew up in a small coal mining town in West Virginia. They had very different childhoods, but the experience they share is an important part of their relationship.</p><div>&nbsp;</div><p dir="ltr"><em><a href="http://www.storycorps.org">StoryCorps</a>&rsquo; mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></p><div>&nbsp;</div></p> Fri, 13 Nov 2015 12:13:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-%E2%80%98we-want-gay-child-we%E2%80%99d-welcome-straight-one%E2%80%99-113986 Should we force children to show affection? http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-13/should-we-force-children-show-affection-113777 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/kids affection flickr Amy Goodman.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Everyone celebrates the holidays in different ways, but a few things are kind of universal. We tend to get together with family and friends and those celebrations tend to be better when kids are around. And when kids are around, they are going to be smothered with hugs, kisses, and cheek-pinches by the likes of Grandma Karen, Uncle Joe, and Cousin Mary. And the kids aren&rsquo;t always happy about it.</p><p>Irene van der Zande talks about why forcing kids to show affection toward others, especially adults, is not always a good thing. She&#39;s the founder and Executive Director of <a href="https://www.kidpower.org/">Kidpower Teenpower Fullpower International</a>, an organization that teaches about personal safety and violence prevention.&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 13 Nov 2015 12:09:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift/2015-11-13/should-we-force-children-show-affection-113777 StoryCorps Chicago: ‘That was my rescuing point’ http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-%E2%80%98-was-my-rescuing-point%E2%80%99-113581 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/StoryCorps 151030 Lawrence Karen bh.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: justify;">When Lawrence Thomas graduated at the top of his class from Ball State University, he was still in prison. That&#39;s especially remarkable given that, when he was locked up at age 16, he hadn&rsquo;t yet completed high school. Thomas eventually got out and connected with the Safer Foundation in Chicago, which helps people with criminal records find work. Recently he visited his financial coach there, Karen DeGrasse. As part of our StoryCorps series, Thomas tells her about his childhood and growing up as one of eight kids to a single mom who was an alcoholic.</p><div><p style="text-align: justify;"><em>This story was recorded in partnership with the Safer Foundation.</em></p></div><p style="text-align: justify;"><em><a href="http://www.storycorps.org" target="_blank">StoryCorps</a>&rsquo; mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></p></p> Fri, 30 Oct 2015 18:16:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-%E2%80%98-was-my-rescuing-point%E2%80%99-113581 No Child Left Behind: What worked, what didn't http://www.wbez.org/news/no-child-left-behind-what-worked-what-didnt-113521 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/lbj.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res451923813" previewtitle="The Elementary and Secondary Education Act hasn't been updated since it was renamed &quot;No Child Left Behind&quot; in 2001 by President George W. Bush. The law was introduced by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965 to help states level the playing field for students living and learning in poverty."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="The Elementary and Secondary Education Act hasn't been updated since it was renamed &quot;No Child Left Behind&quot; in 2001 by President George W. Bush. The law was introduced by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965 to help states level the playing field for students living and learning in poverty." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/26/ap_070905059500_slide-97d06964b9d9cf49dcf94c2923c30dfa11d9e24f-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="The Elementary and Secondary Education Act hasn't been updated since it was renamed &quot;No Child Left Behind&quot; in 2001 by President George W. Bush. The law was introduced by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965 to help states level the playing field for students living and learning in poverty. (Matt Rourke/AP)" /></div><div><div><p>Cross your fingers.</p></div></div></div><p>Congress is trying to do something it was supposed to do back in 2007: agree on a rewrite of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. It&#39;s not controversial to say the law is in desperate need of an update.</p><p>The ESEA is hugely important, not just to our nation&#39;s schools but the social fabric. It pours billions of federal dollars each year into classrooms that serve low-income students. When President Lyndon Johnson first signed it in 1965, he declared the law &quot;a major new commitment of the federal government to quality and equality in the schooling that we offer our young people.&quot;</p><p>The ESEA is supposed to be updated every few years but hasn&#39;t been rewritten since 2001, when another Texan, President George W. Bush, famously renamed it No Child Left Behind. Bush took Johnson&#39;s original vision, to help states level the playing field for students living and learning in poverty, and added teeth.</p><p>&quot;We&#39;re gonna spend more money, more resources,&quot; Bush said at the time, &quot;but they&#39;ll be directed at methods that work. Not feel-good methods. Not sound-good methods. But methods that actually work.&quot;</p><p>Those methods included a sweeping new federal system of testing and accountability &mdash; as strict as it was controversial. The message to states was clear: We don&#39;t trust you to do the right thing by your most disadvantaged students. Schools that fail to educate all kids should be fixed or closed.</p><p>With its emphasis &mdash; obsession, critics would say &mdash; on standardized testing, the law became unpopular among many teachers and parents and technically expired in 2007. But it&#39;s on the books until it&#39;s replaced.</p><p>Now, the challenge for lawmakers is figuring out what &mdash; if any &mdash; of Bush&#39;s tough-love methods worked. This week, NPR is trying to do the same.</p><p><strong>The Tough Guy</strong></p><div id="res451925655" previewtitle="President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1965 with Kate Deadrich Loney, his first schoolteacher."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1965 with Kate Deadrich Loney, his first schoolteacher." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/26/lbj-3_custom-49916d3821e7b911ea226219ab499e20c2f82936-s400-c85.jpg" style="height: 611px; width: 400px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1965 with Kate Deadrich Loney, his first schoolteacher. (Yoichi Okamoto/Lyndon B. Johnson Library)" /></div><div><div><p>Bush&#39;s tough-love approach was motivated by the sense that states weren&#39;t doing enough to fix their low-performing schools. NCLB created a new role for the federal government: Tough Guy. Right now, the House and Senate don&#39;t agree on much, but they do agree that the Tough Guy routine didn&#39;t work.</p></div></div></div><p>The recent bills crafted by both chambers &mdash; and that must now be reconciled &mdash; leave it to the states to decide what to do about struggling schools. That includes how to fix them and whether or when to close them.</p><p>But at least one researcher thinks the law, like the classic Tough Guy, is a little misunderstood. And that parts of the law did work.</p><p>&quot;NCLB is usually regarded as a sledgehammer, but it&#39;s actually fairly complex and fairly nuanced,&quot; says Tom Ahn, who teaches at the University of Kentucky.</p><p>Ahn has a Ph.D. in economics and writes papers with titles like, &quot;Distributional Impacts of a Local Living Wage Increase.&quot; In short, he&#39;s an unlikely guy to have written one of the go-to studies on NCLB.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.aefpweb.org/sites/default/files/webform/ahnvigdornclb.pdf">But he did</a>. And it&#39;s an eye-opener.</p><p>A few years ago, Ahn and his colleague, Jacob Vigdor, wondered: In spite of the controversy, did No Child Left Behind do some good? Did it improve low-performing schools? For answers, they studied the schools of North Carolina, though what they found can be applied just about anywhere.</p><p><strong>How It Worked</strong></p><p>Under NCLB, schools were judged on something called Adequate Yearly Progress. The goal was to get every child to grade-level in reading and math by 2014. It was an impossible goal that infuriated teachers and administrators alike because it held all children &mdash; and all schools &mdash; to the same timeline.</p><p>The law didn&#39;t care if a child had begun the year three grades behind in reading and a teacher helped her make two years&#39; worth of progress by May. According to NCLB&#39;s strict proficiency guidelines, that student was still a year below grade-level.</p><p>The law also required schools to break down their student data into lots of little subgroups, including race, disability and socioeconomic status. Ahn says that was a game-changer. &quot;If one group of disadvantaged students underperformed, the entire school was considered underperforming.&quot;</p><p>Or, as Nancy Barbour puts it: &quot;Your high-fliers can&#39;t cover for your low-fliers.&quot;</p><p>In 2002, Barbour was the principal of a very good school in Durham, N.C. She says the new law made her and lots of fellow principals and teachers nervous, thinking &quot;Oh no, oh no. In four years we&#39;re gonna be restructuring, and in six we&#39;re gonna be closed down.&quot;</p><p>Some of that fear was justified. Because of the law&#39;s attention to these smaller groups of students, some of whom tended to underperform, many schools that had previously earned high marks suddenly got red flags. This is the first of two important lessons Tom Ahn learned studying NCLB.</p><p><strong>Lesson #1: Some Schools Didn&#39;t Need Fixing, Just Scaring</strong></p><p>&quot;The ones that had the capacity to shape up, they did,&quot; Ahn says.</p><p>He found that many schools improved after that first warning with no sanctions at all &mdash; just the threat of sanctions. Because these schools had relatively few kids below grade-level and enough money and staff to focus on them.</p><p>Ahn found a very different story among schools where lots of students were struggling. For these, often poorer schools, the law was like quicksand. Donna Brown is director of federal program monitoring and support for North Carolina&#39;s public schools, and she saw the quicksand first-hand.</p><p>&quot;When I came to the department in 2004,&quot; Brown remembers, &quot;there were nine schools in the state that were identified for some level of improvement sanction. And, by 2008-9, there were 521.&quot;</p><p>That&#39;s nearly half of all schools in the state that received federal Title I dollars. After two years of failing to make progress, a school had to offer students the right to transfer to a better school.</p><p>The problem with this transfer policy, says Brown, is &quot;you&#39;re not really doing anything to address the needs of that school.&quot;</p><p>It was more punishment than panacea. So schools often sank deeper into the quicksand. If they continued to fail to make Adequate Yearly Progress, they were also required to pay for tutoring services and, later, to choose from a list of &quot;corrective actions,&quot; including changing curriculum or lengthening the school day. And here begins the other great lesson of No Child Left Behind.</p><p><strong>Lesson #2: The Lobotomy</strong></p><p>For schools stuck in the quicksand, Ahn says, &quot;these sanctions start stacking up, and at the end of the day, they don&#39;t help the schools to improve.&quot;</p><p>That is, until the last, most-feared sanction &mdash; Restructuring &mdash; which Ahn likens to &quot;a lobotomy.&quot;</p><p>After five years, schools &quot;in need of improvement&quot; were supposed to write a restructuring plan that could include firing teachers, reopening as a charter or handing over control to the state. And in Year Six, they were supposed to do it.</p><p>In North Carolina, Ahn found the most common strategy was simply replacing the person at the top, the principal. The effect on student performance was significant, equivalent to &quot;reducing class size by a third to a half.&quot;</p><p>Why did the lobotomy so often work? It&#39;s hard to say. Ahn points out that, to be forced into restructuring, a school had to be considered failing for six years.</p><p>&quot;There&#39;s something seriously wrong with the way the school has been run,&quot; Ahn says. &quot;And, when leadership change occurs, basically there&#39;s a sea change.&quot;</p><p>He says he could see it not only in student performance but in teacher satisfaction surveys. After the lobotomy, teachers were often happier.</p><p>At least, that&#39;s what the data suggests. To really understand restructuring and why, Ahn says, it was the only sanction under NCLB that seemed to work, we need to see a lobotomy first-hand. We&#39;ll have that story later today.</p><p>&nbsp;&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2015/10/27/443110755/no-child-left-behind-what-worked-what-didnt?ft=nprml&amp;f=443110755" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Tue, 27 Oct 2015 13:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/no-child-left-behind-what-worked-what-didnt-113521 Are you hungry? Pediatricians add a new question during check-ups http://www.wbez.org/news/are-you-hungry-pediatricians-add-new-question-during-check-ups-113477 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/pediatrician-9aad8eb1de359366f35e149ed02fcd28e953defd-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res450952827" previewtitle="Kids and parents often shy away from talking about their struggles at the doctor's office. But the American Academy of Pediatrics is now urging its members to screen kids for food insecurity during well-child visits."><div data-crop-type="" style="text-align: center;"><img alt="Kids and parents often shy away from talking about their struggles at the doctor's office. But the American Academy of Pediatrics is now urging its members to screen kids for food insecurity during well-child visits." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2015/10/22/pediatrician-9aad8eb1de359366f35e149ed02fcd28e953defd-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 464px; width: 620px;" title="Kids and parents often shy away from talking about their struggles at the doctor's office. But the American Academy of Pediatrics is now urging its members to screen kids for food insecurity during well-child visits. (iStockphoto)" /></div><div><p>An&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food-nutrition-assistance/food-security-in-the-us/key-statistics-graphics.aspx">estimated</a>&nbsp;7.9 million kids in the U.S. live in &quot;food-insecure&quot; households. This means there&#39;s not always enough to eat at home.</p></div></div><p>But when these kids go to the doctor for a check-up, or a well-child visit, the signs of malnutrition are not always apparent. So pediatricians say it&#39;s time to start asking about it.</p><p>Kids and parents often shy away from talking about their struggles. &quot;They&#39;re embarrassed, or they don&#39;t think the doctor will care,&quot; says pediatrician&nbsp;<a href="http://www.uofmchildrenshospital.org/providers/bio/d_121283">Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg</a>&nbsp;of the University of Minnesota Masonic Children&#39;s Hospital.</p><p>To get families talking, the American Academy of Pediatrics is now recommending that pediatricians screen all children for food insecurity by asking questions like this:</p><blockquote><div><p><em>Within the past 12 months, the food we bought didn&#39;t last, and we didn&#39;t have money to get more. Yes or No?</em></p></div></blockquote><p>As we&#39;ve&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/09/18/441143723/people-on-food-stamps-eat-less-nutritious-food-than-everyone-else">reported</a>, America&#39;s wealth gap manifests on our dinner plates. Families who rely on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap">SNAP</a>&nbsp;&mdash; the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, also known as food stamps &mdash; tend to eat about the same number of calories as higher-income Americans. But when it comes to nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits and vegetables, SNAP recipients eat less.</p><p>&quot;Some families do rely on starchy, filling foods that may not provide all the vitamins and minerals they need,&quot; says Schwarzenberg, who co-authored the AAP&#39;s new policy.</p><p>There are myriad health problems linked to poor nutrition. &quot;Hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity are tied to adult cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes,&quot; Schwarzenberg says.</p><p>And that&#39;s not all. According to the AAP policy statement:</p><blockquote><ul><li>Children who live in households that are food insecure, even at the lowest levels, get sick more often, recover more slowly from illness, have poorer overall health and are hospitalized more frequently.</li><li>Children and adolescents affected by food insecurity are more likely to be iron deficient, and preadolescent boys dealing with hunger issues have lower bone density. Early childhood malnutrition also is tied to conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life.</li><li>Lack of adequate healthy food can impair a child&#39;s ability to concentrate and perform well in school and is linked to higher levels of behavioral and emotional problems from preschool through adolescence.</li></ul></blockquote><p>The new AAP policy statement, which is published in the journal&nbsp;<em>Pediatrics</em>, also recommends that pediatricians keep on hand a list of community resources, such as food banks.</p><p>&quot;Pediatricians can have this information at their fingertips&quot; to share with their patients in need, Schwarzenberg says.</p><p>&mdash; <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/10/23/450909564/are-you-hungry-pediatricians-add-a-new-question-during-check-ups?ft=nprml&amp;f=450909564" target="_blank"><em>via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 23 Oct 2015 09:41:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/are-you-hungry-pediatricians-add-new-question-during-check-ups-113477 StoryCorps Chicago: "Meeting you was like looking into a mirror for the first time" http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-meeting-you-was-looking-mirror-first-time-113373 <p><div><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/chi001399_x1.JPG" style="height: 414px; width: 620px;" title="Laura and Laurie are half-sisters. (Courtesy of StoryCorps)" /></div></div><div>In the early 1960s, a man working at a bank in California had an affair with his secretary. Both of them were married to other people at the time. She became pregnant, and the man made it clear he wanted nothing to do with the child. Decades later, that child, named Laura, connected with her half-sister, Laurie. The two came to StoryCorps, where Laura describes the circumstances surrounding her birth, at a time her mother&rsquo;s husband was overseas.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div><em>StoryCorps&rsquo; mission is to provide Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs with the opportunity to share, record and preserve their stories. These excerpts, edited by WBEZ, present some of our favorites from the current visit, as well as from previous trips.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 16 Oct 2015 09:59:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/storycorps-chicago-meeting-you-was-looking-mirror-first-time-113373