WBEZ | trauma http://www.wbez.org/tags/trauma Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Chicago Teens and Combat Veterans Join Forces to Process Trauma http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-25/chicago-teens-and-combat-veterans-join-forces-process <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/urbanwarriors09edit_custom-9459b1b92239d1fd205db74ec32154c764aa2bf7-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>If you took a map of Chicago and put down a tack for each person shot last year, you&#39;d need nearly 3,000 tacks.</p><p>Of those, 101 would be clustered in the neighborhood of East Garfield Park. That&#39;s where 15-year-old Jim Courtney-Clarks lives.</p><p>&quot;To be honest, I really don&#39;t like it,&quot; Courtney-Clarks says. &quot;Every time you look up somebody else is getting killed, and I never know if it&#39;s me or somebody I am really close to.&quot;</p><p>For kids in some Chicago neighborhoods, walking up and down the same street where there was a beating or a shooting or a body is just part of life &mdash; one that isn&#39;t always talked about.</p><p>That&#39;s something the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ymcachicago.org/programs/youth-safety-and-violence-prevention-programs#urbanwarriors">Urban Warriors program</a>&nbsp;is trying to change. The YMCA of Metro Chicago project connects kids like Courtney-Clarks, who live in high-violence neighborhoods, with veterans who have served in Iraq or Afghanistan and who might understand what they&#39;re going through.</p><p>The program is built on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/types/violence/effects-community-violence-children.asp">the idea that these kids are experiencing trauma and need to process it</a>, and that witnessing or experiencing violence can affect how they behave at home, react at school, or lead them to commit violence themselves.</p><div id="res464038552" previewtitle="The Urban Warriors program takes place at YMCAs in the Chicago's Humboldt Park and Little Village neighborhoods."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="The Urban Warriors program takes place at YMCAs in the Chicago's Humboldt Park and Little Village neighborhoods." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/22/urbanwarriors10_custom-9deeb04db577c9d1425fccc75cfffe2537dc05ac-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 404px; width: 620px;" title="The Urban Warriors program takes place at YMCAs in the Chicago's Humboldt Park and Little Village neighborhoods. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>The man behind the program is Eddie Bocanegra. Today he&#39;s the co-executive director of youth safety and violence prevention programs at the YMCA. But 20 years ago, he was a 19-year-old gang member serving prison time on felony murder charges.</p></div></div></div><p>Bocanegra traces the idea for Urban Warriors back to a conversation he had while he was in prison. It was during a visit from his brother, Gabriel Bocanegra, a decorated Army veteran who had done two tours of duty in Iraq.</p><p>Fresh from therapy, Gabriel told his brother stories about struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder &mdash; and how he thought Eddie was also dealing with the effects of trauma.</p><p>Eddie was skeptical, but his brother pressed him, recalling the violence of their childhood &mdash; black eyes, stab wounds, run-ins with the police. The trauma was ongoing, his brother said.</p><p>&quot;&#39;Every time that I come and visit you, what you talk to me about is prison assaults, you talk about people who commit suicide. ... You talk about it as if it was just normal,&#39;&quot; Eddie remembers his brother telling him. &quot;And he was explaining to me, &#39;Like, Eddie, actually this does something to you. And the reason why you&#39;re pretty upset most of the time, or you&#39;re not sleeping well, is because of what you&#39;ve been through.&#39;&quot;</p><p>Eddie says he was in denial. &quot;I have never been to war,&quot; he thought. &quot;This is normal, this is nothing, compared to what I know (my brother has) gone through.&quot;</p><div id="res464300250" previewtitle="After serving 14 years for a gang-related murder, Eddie Bocanegra graduated from the University of Chicago and created the Urban Warriors program. He is co-executive director of youth safety and violence prevention at the YMCA in Chicago."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="After serving 14 years for a gang-related murder, Eddie Bocanegra graduated from the University of Chicago and created the Urban Warriors program. He is co-executive director of youth safety and violence prevention at the YMCA in Chicago." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/25/urbanwarriors01_custom-ed98562d0ee128191414d6a3cea03c86a23138fa-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 419px; width: 620px;" title="After serving 14 years for a gang-related murder, Eddie Bocanegra graduated from the University of Chicago and created the Urban Warriors program. He is co-executive director of youth safety and violence prevention at the YMCA in Chicago. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>His brother urged Eddie to see a therapist when he got out of prison. When he was released, he did eventually. He also returned to the Chicago neighborhoods where he was once a gang member and worked for an anti-violence program.</p></div></div></div><p>Many of the gang members Bocanegra met had witnessed violence or been victims as kids. He wanted to get to them sooner, using people they respect as mentors. He gave the kids a list of potential role models from the neighborhood; they liked the idea of veterans.</p><p>&quot;Kids identify themselves as soldiers, because they live in war zone communities,&quot; Bocanegra says. &quot;They make the parallels between, veterans, you know, carry guns, we carry guns. They got ranks, we got ranks. They got their army uniforms, we got our gang colors. And the list went on and on.&quot;</p><p>For the last two years, he&#39;s put this idea into practice with the Urban Warriors program.</p><p>On a Saturday morning late last year at Chicago&#39;s Kelly Hall YMCA, a group of seven veterans &mdash; a mix of black, white and Latino men, some of whom grew up in the same neighborhoods as the teens &mdash; sit in a circle. The dozen or so boys shuffle in one by one. Some are cheerful, some sullen with sweatshirt hoods and baseball caps pulled low. They grab granola bars and take a seat.</p><p>Mikhail Dasovich is a 25-year-old Marine Corps veteran helping to lead the session. He joined Urban Warriors after seeing a flyer about the program at his therapist&#39;s office where he was getting help for PTSD.</p><p>The tough stories started from the very first meeting, Dasovich recalls.</p><div id="res464300912" previewtitle="(Top, left) In an exercise designed to open up the conversation between veterans and teenagers, Navy veteran Jamal McPherson waits for others to ask him questions. (Top, right) Veteran Mikhail Dasovich, who served as a Marine in Sangin in Afghanistan, shares his tattoos with participants. (Bottom) Bocanegra speaks at the start of the day's program."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="(Top, left) In an exercise designed to open up the conversation between veterans and teenagers, Navy veteran Jamal McPherson waits for others to ask him questions. (Top, right) Veteran Mikhail Dasovich, who served as a Marine in Sangin in Afghanistan, shares his tattoos with participants. (Bottom) Bocanegra speaks at the start of the day's program." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/25/urbanwarriors17edit_custom-16a9142bf50ae834ab166096a4614ade47047c46-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 615px; width: 620px;" title="Top, left: In an exercise designed to open up the conversation between veterans and teenagers, Navy veteran Jamal McPherson waits for others to ask him questions. Top, right: Veteran Mikhail Dasovich, who served as a Marine in Sangin in Afghanistan, shares his tattoos with participants. Bottom: Bocanegra speaks at the start of the day's program. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>&quot;I was very, very nervous, and all of the youth were looking at me. And everyone&#39;s clowning, everyone&#39;s joking,&quot; he says. &quot;And one of the youth ... he says to me like, &#39;Hey, you ever seen someone get shot in front of you?&#39; And the whole room went silent, and I was like &#39;Oh man, like, this quick, huh?&#39;&quot;</p></div></div></div><p>Dasovich told the group about watching his platoon sergeant get shot, right in front of him, during the war.</p><p>&quot;I went into detail, what seeing my father figure getting tore up by rifle bullets, what that did to me emotionally,&quot; Dasovich says.</p><p>Immediately, the teen who asked the question then offered up his story.</p><p>&quot;Right from my answer [he] goes in to describe how he had to watch his two cousins get gunned down right in front of him.&quot; Dasovich says. &quot;And that was something I had never felt before, to have such a young man so effortlessly describe the execution of his family members.&quot;</p><p>&quot;These kids, before they&#39;re 16, have, in essence, really been to combat,&quot; he says.</p><div id="res464317723" previewtitle="(Left to right) Jim Courtney-Clarks, 15; Noel Melecio, 15; and Marine veteran Mikhail Dasovich, 25."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="(Left to right) Jim Courtney-Clarks, 15; Noel Melecio, 15; and Marine veteran Mikhail Dasovich, 25." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/25/urbanwarriors-composite_custom-cfbd2854205a4609c17a4294c21b326676008b9a-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 307px; width: 620px;" title="Left to right, Jim Courtney-Clarks, 15; Noel Melecio, 15; and Marine veteran Mikhail Dasovich, 25. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>Dasovich says he sees the effects of neighborhood violence on some of the teenagers, and recognizes some of the same habits he picked up serving in combat.</p></div></div></div><p>&quot;I see the same levels of self-awareness with these kids when we&#39;re outside, just seeing how they&#39;re looking around,&quot; he says. &quot;It piques up right in me, remembering just having to check my sectors, always feeling like I had to check my back when I came home from the war.&quot;</p><p>Being alert is just a way of life for most of these boys. Fifteen-year-old Noel Melecio brings up a few recent attacks in his neighborhood, Logan Square. He says he thinks the same thing almost happened to him.</p><p>&quot;Me and my friend were walking, and I look back and I see there&#39;s one group of kids behind me, which is like two or three kids and then across the street I see another group of kids,&quot; he says. &quot;I think they&#39;re trying to wrap around so they can get in front of us, so I tell my friend, &#39;Start running.&#39; And we start running and they start chasing us.&quot;</p><p>Melecio got away, and later shared the story with the vets and kids in the group.</p><p>For Urban Warriors that&#39;s the idea: The teens talk about what they&#39;re going through, the veterans help them figure out how to process it.</p><p>But getting them to open up takes time. Over the program&#39;s 16 weeks, the veterans build trust through team building, talking and sometimes just playing.</p><p>At the recent Saturday session, that included a rowdy race through a makeshift obstacle course of folding chairs and lunch tables. The catch: a blindfolded member on each team and a military-like mandate that no one is left behind.</p><div id="res464301124" previewtitle="(From left) Marine veterans Richard Rivera and Dasovich help a youth participate in a trust-building exercise."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="(From left) Marine veterans Richard Rivera and Dasovich help a youth participate in a trust-building exercise." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/25/urbanwarriors16_custom-47a2ab1062415bbaca2998835e8302f16d863c9f-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 405px; width: 620px;" title="From left, Marine veterans Richard Rivera and Dasovich help a youth participate in a trust-building exercise. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>Eventually they break into small groups &mdash; three or four kids for each veteran. And that&#39;s where they get at the most difficult subjects: suicide, loss, grief. They might have endured the deaths of family or friends, witnessed assaults or other violence.</p></div></div></div><p>Melecio says it wasn&#39;t easy for him to share at first.</p><p>&quot;It was like, all we do is just come here and sit here and just talk about feelings,&quot; he says. &quot;I can do that anywhere else.&quot;</p><p>The program is voluntary and some kids do drop out. Melecio says the veterans are what got him to stay.</p><p>&quot;Anywhere else anybody would just tell you, &#39;Oh, you&#39;ll be OK,&#39; or they&#39;ll pat you on the back or something. But them, they like get into your feelings and help you sort them out,&quot; he says.</p><p>But just sticking it out isn&#39;t a measure of success. In fact, people around the country are weighing this idea &mdash; that neighborhood violence can cause trauma that should be treated.</p><div id="res464301485" previewtitle="Noel Melecio, 15, talks with YMCA outreach worker John Vergara during a recent Urban Warriors session."><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Noel Melecio, 15, talks with YMCA outreach worker John Vergara during a recent Urban Warriors session." src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/25/urbanwarriors09edit_custom-9459b1b92239d1fd205db74ec32154c764aa2bf7-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 412px; width: 620px;" title="Noel Melecio, 15, talks with YMCA outreach worker John Vergara during a recent Urban Warriors session. (Alyssa Schukar for NPR)" /></div><div><div><p>In California, a handful of families&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2015/10/01/445001579/ruling-in-compton-schools-case-trauma-could-cause-disability">sued the Compton school district</a>&nbsp;arguing that trauma is a disability that schools should accommodate. Baltimore is putting workers, city-wide,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bs-hs-trauma-training-20150827-story.html.">through train</a><a href="http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bs-hs-trauma-training-20150827-story.html.">ing to detect and understand trauma</a>&nbsp;in the communities they serve.</p></div></div></div><p>The Urban Warriors program raises many questions: How do you know if a kid is coping better? What about the vets? Does mentoring help them deal with PTSD? Researchers from the University of Chicago have begun studying the kids who have completed the program &mdash; currently about 80 &mdash; in order to start answering those questions.</p><p>In the meantime, Jim Courtney-Clarks, the teenager wondering whether he&#39;d be the next shooting victim in his neighborhood, is unequivocal. He says Urban Warriors has changed the way he thinks about his future.</p><p>&quot;The past week, I was just thinking about dropping out of school,&quot; he says. &quot;Until today. And I see that it&#39;s a lot of stuff that I can accomplish if I stay in school, by looking at the veterans. Like I&#39;m not sure if I want to go to college, but I might want to join the police academy or just go to the Navy or something.&quot;</p><p>For Courtney-Clarks and the veterans of Urban Warriors, that&#39;s a start.</p></p> Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:39:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016-01-25/chicago-teens-and-combat-veterans-join-forces-process How to Help Kids in Poverty Adjust to the Stability of School After Break http://www.wbez.org/news/how-help-kids-poverty-adjust-stability-school-after-break-114421 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/poverty-baggage_custom-5ca2ff6402cc89fde25abd5a4bf3a90a44f614fb-s800-c85.jpg" alt="" /><p><div id="res462170498" previewtitle="Poverty's Baggage"><div data-crop-type=""><img alt="Poverty's Baggage" src="http://media.npr.org/assets/img/2016/01/06/poverty-baggage_custom-5ca2ff6402cc89fde25abd5a4bf3a90a44f614fb-s800-c85.jpg" style="height: 440px; width: 620px;" title="Poverty's Baggage (LA Johnson/NPR)" /></div><div><div>&nbsp;</div></div></div><p>The first day back from winter break can be restless.</p><p>Many children are still coming down from the excitement of the holidays. Two unstructured weeks away from school &mdash; with strange food, rituals and relatives &mdash; can be overwhelming for many children, especially when it grinds to a halt after the new year and normality resumes.</p><p>But for students whose families are struggling in poverty, time away from school isn&#39;t an exciting blip on an otherwise calm school year. For them, it can be a crippling time of insecurity when it comes to food and shelter.</p><p>And teachers can tell.</p><p>&quot;They come back to school and it is super obvious how exhausted they are,&quot; says Sonya Romero Smith, a kindergarten teacher in Albuquerque, N.M., where she has worked with many families in poverty.</p><p>Romero Smith leads a course for her local union on how teachers can work with the most vulnerable students, like those living in poverty. She says fatigue is just one sign that a student&#39;s break might have been chaotic.</p><p>&quot;Clothes are dirty at this point,&quot; Romero Smith says. &quot;There&#39;s an inability to stay focused &mdash; sometimes that&#39;s hunger or some form of neglect.&quot; A student might become aggressive or clingy, she says, or might not want to go home at the end of the day.</p><p>With&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nccp.org/topics/childpoverty.html">1 in 5</a>&nbsp;children in the U.S. living below the poverty line, this scenario plays out in classrooms nationwide every January.</p><p>Living in poverty is often stressful, with families grappling to find the next meal, a warm place to sleep or quality child care. Those experiences, repeated over and over again, can actually change a child&#39;s brain.</p><p>Chronic stress can inhibit a child&#39;s ability to manage his or her behavior, says Ross Thompson, a University of California, Davis professor who studies child social-emotional development. It can also affect language and memory skills.</p><p>Children &mdash; regardless of home life &mdash; manage behavior by predicting their environment, Thompson says. After an unpredictable winter break, teachers need to give students room to ease back into school &mdash; and this might be harder for those from chronically stressful homes.</p><p>&quot;Expecting that young children are going to be capable of sitting in circle time is probably not the best expectation,&quot; says Thompson, who added that shortening time spent sitting still and adding more active lessons into the day might ease students back into the school routine.</p><p>Using verbal transitions and songs &mdash; like a cleanup song &mdash; helps remind students how school works, he says.</p><p>On a larger scale, Thompson says training teachers to be aware of what might be going on in some students&#39; lives can build empathy. Instead of kicking disruptive students out of the classroom, administrators can prepare teachers with strategies that address some of the issues that chronic stress can bring.</p><p>In Sonya Romero Smith&#39;s classroom, however, some students still have a hard time readjusting, despite the added reminders and slower pace.</p><p>She says tangible securities go a long way &mdash; like having some food and clothes available.</p><p>&quot;Those first few days, make that environment safe again. It&#39;s OK that they&#39;re tired,&quot; says Romero Smith, who became the foster parent to two of her former students.</p><p>Not all teachers can foster a student, but they can point families to resources like shelters, community centers, libraries and public transportation options, says Romero Smith.</p><p>There&#39;s also a simple message that teachers can use before the break begins: &quot;You&#39;re going to come back. Don&#39;t worry. We&#39;ll be together again in this many days,&quot; she says, showing them exactly what that looks like on a calendar.</p><p>She says she considers this extra work an ethical responsibility.</p><p>&quot;If school is the place where you&#39;re supposed to get knowledge and realize what the world has to offer,&quot; she says, &quot;it should be the safest place, where you have the ability to show your greatness.&quot;</p><p>&mdash;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/01/07/461595631/how-to-help-kids-in-poverty-adjust-to-the-stability-of-school-after-break?ft=nprml&amp;f=461595631" target="_blank"><em> via NPR</em></a></p></p> Fri, 08 Jan 2016 11:35:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/how-help-kids-poverty-adjust-stability-school-after-break-114421 Global Activism: Fighting HIV in Chicago and Rwanda http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-fighting-hiv-chicago-and-rwanda-112643 <p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/219110439&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><span id="docs-internal-guid-16fbe9b0-2896-096c-acff-ee92829e5337">Awareness and improving drug regimens have generally decreased HIV-infection and improved life-span for &nbsp;HIV survivors. But Sub-Saharan Africa is still an epicenter of an HIV/AIDS epidemic. In Rwanda, HIV-infection among the young &nbsp;accounts for 40% of new infections, according to the WHO. &nbsp;We&rsquo;ll talk with <a href="http://publichealth.uic.edu/ghp/faculty/geridonenberg/">Geri Donenberg</a>, a dean of Research at UIC&#39;s School of Public Health. She works in HIV prevention and understanding the effects of early violence on Chicago&rsquo;s African American community. Donenberg also, through the Kigali Imbereheza Project, utilizes trauma-focused intervention to get Rwandan youth access to HIV drugs and help them deal with depression. Joining her is Mojdeh Stoakley, a Chicago artist and Donenberg&rsquo;s research assistant. For <em>Global Activism</em>, they&rsquo;ll tell us about some of the parallels of fighting HIV in Chicago and Africa.</span></p></p> Thu, 13 Aug 2015 10:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-fighting-hiv-chicago-and-rwanda-112643 Evanston man hit by truck, finds himself at fault http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/evanston-man-hit-truck-finds-himself-fault-111371 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/StoryCorps 150109 Andrew Emily bh.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>About four years ago, Andrew Kerr was crossing the street in Evanston when a city utility truck drove down the block. He didn&#39;t see it and was hit by the truck and thrown about twenty feet in the air.</p><p>Kerr recently came to the StoryCorps Booth with his friend and neighbor Emily Grayson to talk about the incident, and the lasting impact it&rsquo;s had on his life.</p><p>&ldquo;Do you remember the moment it happened?&rdquo; Grayon asks him. &ldquo;I kinda remember only the moment it happened,&rdquo; Kerr says. &ldquo;Just the sheer terror of realizing I was going to get hit by a moving truck in the face. And there was no getting out of the way. And the next thing I remember was waking up in the hospital.&rdquo;</p><p>There, Kerr learned the severity of the accident - he had some brain injuries, his skull and arm were fractured and he had bruised some ribs. The hospital staff was supportive throughout his rehabilitation and pushed him when he needed to be pushed.</p><p>&ldquo;There was this CNA who worked there,&rdquo; Kerr says. &ldquo;And he was the one who was like &lsquo;You&rsquo;ve been here this many days? You need to stand up today.&rsquo; And I was terrified. I remember just sobbing in fear about trying to walk. And him holding me, this stranger in a hospital, doesn&rsquo;t know me, a nursing assistant helping me take my first steps after having brain injury, lying in this bed for a week or whatever it was, and pushing me like someone who cared.&rdquo;</p><p>Kerr&rsquo;s wife was also at his side. He had known her since he was a teenager.</p><p>The accident caused several permanent injuries in Kerr, including significant hearing loss, and the loss of his sense of smell.</p><p>Kerr owns a small construction company in Evanston and when the accident happened his wife called his clients and kept the business going. Through all of it, Kerr&rsquo;s wife was at his side, taking care of their small children too.</p><p>&ldquo;I best describe it as watching my own episode of &lsquo;It&rsquo;s a Wonderful Life,&rsquo;&rdquo; Kerr says. &ldquo;Being alive to see how loved I am: My customers lining up to help, which to me said I mean something in your life. My mechanic came and visited me in the hospital. The guy from Home Depot brought me fresh fruit, just because he was concerned. I&rsquo;m amazed at how many people came together.&rdquo;</p></p> Fri, 09 Jan 2015 09:43:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/storycorps/evanston-man-hit-truck-finds-himself-fault-111371 Northwestern trauma surgeon finds link between booze and bullets http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-trauma-surgeon-finds-link-between-booze-and-bullets-108728 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/Liquor Store.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Dr. Marie Crandall was at UCLA when riots broke out in Los Angeles in the early &lsquo;90s. In the aftermath, activists there zeroed in on liquor stores, identifying them as as hotspots for violence. Many sought to have licenses revoked&mdash;but store owners rebuffed and said there was no data to support the claims. And they were right.</p><p>While the discussion about a potential link between booze and bullets has persisted over the last 20-plus years, the data dam remained dry.</p><p>So Crandall, now an associate professor of surgery at Northwestern&rsquo;s Feinberg School of Medicine, decided to crunch Chicago&rsquo;s numbers. She and her research partners used data from the Illinois State Trauma Registry from 1999 - 2009 to geocode all the gunshot wounds that presented to trauma centers in Chicago during that period. They cross referenced the data with the locations of liquor licenses held in the area.</p><p>&ldquo;I was not surprised that there was an association in our again, already distressed communities. I was surprised at the strength of the association in a few of these areas,&rdquo; Crandall said.</p><p>The study found that in some South and West Side neighborhoods, a person is up to 500 times more likely to get shot hanging out by a place with a liquor license than they are standing three blocks away.</p><p>That was not the case in more affluent areas of the city. And Crandall said she thought the geographic trend reflected other issues facing Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;If you looked at the maps, you would see that the trauma deserts, and these neighborhoods that have the association with liquor licenses and food deserts and places where we&rsquo;re closing elementary schools&mdash;all seem to overlap,&rdquo; she explained.</p><p>Crandall said she hopes that when the study is published in a couple of months, it will inform discussions at the city level about potential to engage the business community and public health officials about this association and potential solutions.</p><p><em>Katie O&rsquo;Brien is a WBEZ reporter and producer. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/katieobez">@katieobez</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 19 Sep 2013 20:32:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-trauma-surgeon-finds-link-between-booze-and-bullets-108728 Emergency dispatchers face higher risk of PTSD http://www.wbez.org/story/emergency-dispatchers-face-higher-risk-ptsd-97699 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2012-March/2012-03-28/RS4384_AP090327026010 (1).jpg" alt="" /><p><p>New research shows that 911 operators are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder. Dispatchers may not be in physical danger when they encounter a crisis over the phone or radio, but they still experience trauma, according to Heather Pierce, a former 911 dispatcher and a research associate at Northern Illinois University.</p><p>Pierce and NIU psychology professor Michelle Lilly surveyed 171 emergency dispatchers. Pierce says the study shows the worst calls are those involving children, or suicides.</p><p>“If someone is saying that they want to commit suicide you’re trying to develop a rapport with them,” she says. “Some of the telecommunicators talked about developing that rapport and then the person goes ahead and hangs up and commits suicide, and how difficult that was.”</p><p>Researchers found that the dispatchers face a moderate increase in the risk for PTSD. Pierce says that puts them in the same league as the police and firefighters who respond in person to a crisis.</p><p>The group sampled was mostly white and female. The findings are published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress.</p></p> Wed, 28 Mar 2012 21:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/emergency-dispatchers-face-higher-risk-ptsd-97699 Worldview 1.10.12 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11012 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//episode/images/2012-january/2012-01-10/460345resize.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A resolution that calls for an end to torture will be brought before the Chicago City Council this Thursday. If the resolution passes, it would make Chicago the first city in the U.S. to oppose all forms of torture. Local residents Mario Venagas, a Chilean torture survivor, and Dr. Frank Summers, a psychologist, discuss why this resolution matters. Later, <em>Worldview</em> takes you inside the film <a href="http://www.beneaththeblindfold.org/Home.html" target="_blank"><em>Beneath the Blindfold</em></a> with directors Ines Sommer and Kathy Berger. The film follows four survivors of political torture as they try to overcome the lasting effects of their imprisonment and reclaim their dignity. It premieres this Friday at the <a href="http://www.siskelfilmcenter.org/strangerthanfiction2012" target="_blank">Gene Siskel Film Center</a>.</p></p> Tue, 10 Jan 2012 15:34:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11012 How trauma changes young brains http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//Mario-edited.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Most of the young people in juvi come from a hard knock life and everyone knows that&rsquo;s a disadvantage. But now experts say going through trauma can alter a child&rsquo;s brain.<br /><br />Violence at home or on the street--neglect, poverty &ndash; these things have profound effects on how a kid&rsquo;s mind develops.</p><p>So as part of <a target="_blank" href="http://insideandout.chicagopublicradio.org/"><em>Inside and Out</em></a>, WBEZ&rsquo;s Gabriel Spitzer reported on this emerging brain science. The studies reveal why, for so many kids, the justice system hasn&rsquo;t worked.</p><p><br />&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 29 Dec 2010 07:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains