WBEZ | trauma http://www.wbez.org/tags/trauma Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Northwestern trauma surgeon finds link between booze and bullets http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-trauma-surgeon-finds-link-between-booze-and-bullets-108728 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Liquor Store.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Dr. Marie Crandall was at UCLA when riots broke out in Los Angeles in the early &lsquo;90s. In the aftermath, activists there zeroed in on liquor stores, identifying them as as hotspots for violence. Many sought to have licenses revoked&mdash;but store owners rebuffed and said there was no data to support the claims. And they were right.</p><p>While the discussion about a potential link between booze and bullets has persisted over the last 20-plus years, the data dam remained dry.</p><p>So Crandall, now an associate professor of surgery at Northwestern&rsquo;s Feinberg School of Medicine, decided to crunch Chicago&rsquo;s numbers. She and her research partners used data from the Illinois State Trauma Registry from 1999 - 2009 to geocode all the gunshot wounds that presented to trauma centers in Chicago during that period. They cross referenced the data with the locations of liquor licenses held in the area.</p><p>&ldquo;I was not surprised that there was an association in our again, already distressed communities. I was surprised at the strength of the association in a few of these areas,&rdquo; Crandall said.</p><p>The study found that in some South and West Side neighborhoods, a person is up to 500 times more likely to get shot hanging out by a place with a liquor license than they are standing three blocks away.</p><p>That was not the case in more affluent areas of the city. And Crandall said she thought the geographic trend reflected other issues facing Chicago.</p><p>&ldquo;If you looked at the maps, you would see that the trauma deserts, and these neighborhoods that have the association with liquor licenses and food deserts and places where we&rsquo;re closing elementary schools&mdash;all seem to overlap,&rdquo; she explained.</p><p>Crandall said she hopes that when the study is published in a couple of months, it will inform discussions at the city level about potential to engage the business community and public health officials about this association and potential solutions.</p><p><em>Katie O&rsquo;Brien is a WBEZ reporter and producer. Follow her <a href="https://twitter.com/katieobez">@katieobez</a>.</em></p></p> Thu, 19 Sep 2013 20:32:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/northwestern-trauma-surgeon-finds-link-between-booze-and-bullets-108728 Emergency dispatchers face higher risk of PTSD http://www.wbez.org/story/emergency-dispatchers-face-higher-risk-ptsd-97699 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2012-March/2012-03-28/RS4384_AP090327026010 (1).jpg" alt="" /><p><p>New research shows that 911 operators are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder. Dispatchers may not be in physical danger when they encounter a crisis over the phone or radio, but they still experience trauma, according to Heather Pierce, a former 911 dispatcher and a research associate at Northern Illinois University.</p><p>Pierce and NIU psychology professor Michelle Lilly surveyed 171 emergency dispatchers. Pierce says the study shows the worst calls are those involving children, or suicides.</p><p>“If someone is saying that they want to commit suicide you’re trying to develop a rapport with them,” she says. “Some of the telecommunicators talked about developing that rapport and then the person goes ahead and hangs up and commits suicide, and how difficult that was.”</p><p>Researchers found that the dispatchers face a moderate increase in the risk for PTSD. Pierce says that puts them in the same league as the police and firefighters who respond in person to a crisis.</p><p>The group sampled was mostly white and female. The findings are published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress.</p></p> Wed, 28 Mar 2012 21:13:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/emergency-dispatchers-face-higher-risk-ptsd-97699 Worldview 1.10.12 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11012 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/episode/images/2012-january/2012-01-10/460345resize.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A resolution that calls for an end to torture will be brought before the Chicago City Council this Thursday. If the resolution passes, it would make Chicago the first city in the U.S. to oppose all forms of torture. Local residents Mario Venagas, a Chilean torture survivor, and Dr. Frank Summers, a psychologist, discuss why this resolution matters. Later, <em>Worldview</em> takes you inside the film <a href="http://www.beneaththeblindfold.org/Home.html" target="_blank"><em>Beneath the Blindfold</em></a> with directors Ines Sommer and Kathy Berger. The film follows four survivors of political torture as they try to overcome the lasting effects of their imprisonment and reclaim their dignity. It premieres this Friday at the <a href="http://www.siskelfilmcenter.org/strangerthanfiction2012" target="_blank">Gene Siskel Film Center</a>.</p></p> Tue, 10 Jan 2012 15:34:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode/worldview-11012 How trauma changes young brains http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/Mario-edited.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Most of the young people in juvi come from a hard knock life and everyone knows that&rsquo;s a disadvantage. But now experts say going through trauma can alter a child&rsquo;s brain.<br /><br />Violence at home or on the street--neglect, poverty &ndash; these things have profound effects on how a kid&rsquo;s mind develops.</p><p>So as part of <a target="_blank" href="http://insideandout.chicagopublicradio.org/"><em>Inside and Out</em></a>, WBEZ&rsquo;s Gabriel Spitzer reported on this emerging brain science. The studies reveal why, for so many kids, the justice system hasn&rsquo;t worked.</p><p><br />&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 29 Dec 2010 07:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/how-trauma-changes-young-brains