WBEZ | Chicago History Museum http://www.wbez.org/tags/chicago-history-museum Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Gulp! How Chicago gobbled its neighbors http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/gulp-how-chicago-gobbled-its-neighbors-109583 <p><p><em>Editor&#39;s note: There&#39;s plenty going on in this post: We&#39;re answering a question (partly through <a href="http://s3.amazonaws.com/wbez-assets/curiouscity/CityLimits/cityLimitsGIF.html" target="_blank">an animated GIF</a>!), but we&#39;re also letting you know we&#39;re not done! A previous version of this post asked you to pick which city&#39;s story of resistance to Chicago annexation we should tell next: Blue Island, Oak Park or Evanston. Almost 2,700 of you made your voices heard! The <a href="https://docs.google.com/a/chicagopublicradio.org/forms/d/1hZ7pRixGl5BicB0a6JZQ7Iz94ZRrx9cTcgxD3Wn8GQQ/viewanalytics#start=publishanalytics" target="_blank">results</a>? Let&#39;s just say we&#39;re looking forward to revisiting our short interview with Blue Island Mayor Domingo Vargas, who told our producers that he considers the suburb to be &quot;the center of the universe.&quot; You can hear Vargas and other suburban officials make their case in our <a href="https://soundcloud.com/curiouscity/smackdowns-lake-michigan?in=curiouscity/sets/curious-city-podcasts" target="_blank">&quot;Smackdowns&quot;</a> podcast episode.&nbsp;</em></p><p>At its start, Chicago was a marshy outpost of hearty settlers who used the convergence of Lake Michigan and the Chicago River to their benefit.</p><p>Now the city spans approximately 237 square miles. Many of its nearly <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/about/facts.html" target="_blank">2.7 million residents</a> live far enough from both the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/have-your-say-lake-michigan-vs-chicago-river-109317" target="_blank">lake and river</a> that the economic drivers and geographic anchors are out of sight, out of mind.</p><p>Curious Citizen Jim Padden grew up in <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/sweet-spot-top-chicago-107897" target="_blank">Beverly</a> &mdash; one of the far flung neighborhoods in the southwestern corner of Chicago. He always wondered why his community was part of the city when others closer to the Loop (such as west suburban Oak Park) maintained their independence.</p><p>So he asked this question about Chicago&rsquo;s borders:</p><p style="text-align: center;"><em>What were the original city limits? How did it grow over time as it annexed the neighborhoods we know today?</em></p><p>Chicago swallowed up neighboring towns and villages at a breakneck pace early in its history. Some, like Hyde Park Township, kept remnants of their old names as neighborhood names. Others, like Oak Park, fought tooth and nail to maintain their autonomy.</p><p>The squiggly city borders we know today are the result of hundreds of elections, in which residents faced the same choice: Do you want to be a Chicagoan?</p><p><strong>From marsh to metropolis</strong></p><p>When Chicago was incorporated as a town in 1835, there wasn&#39;t much municipal government in the area; in fact, there wasn&rsquo;t much government at all.</p><p><a href="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CC_citylimits_inline.jpg" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/CC_citylimits_inline.jpg" style="height: 427px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="Courtesy of the Chicago History Museum" /></a></p><p>But Chicago&rsquo;s borders soon expanded for the same reason they do elsewhere: money and politics. After all, if you wanted to know who you could collect tax dollars from, you had to know who lived in the city and who didn&#39;t. Maps at the Chicago History Museum show that in 1837, city borders were:</p><ul><li>Lake Michigan to the east</li><li>North Avenue to the north</li><li>22nd Street to the south</li><li>Wood Street to the west</li></ul><p>In the <a href="http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-great-fire-destroys-much-of-chicago" target="_blank">Great Fire of 1871</a>, much of the city was destroyed. The most significant annexation in Chicago history came almost two decades later, in 1889.</p><p>That&#39;s when Hyde Park, Lake View and Jefferson and Lake townships became part of Chicago. The annexations were the result of an election and <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/53.html" target="_blank">added 125 miles and 225,000 people to the city</a>, making it the nation&rsquo;s largest city by square mileage at the time.</p><p>(The land in Hyde Park would become home to the city&rsquo;s marquee event, the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/your-ticket-white-city-108994" target="_blank">World&#39;s Fair: Columbian Exposition</a>, just a few years later in 1893.)</p><p>Other annexations didn&#39;t change the population of Chicago as dramatically, but many were contentious for the residents involved. The city&rsquo;s longstanding reputation as a haven for sin fueled efforts by some townships to stay autonomous (and dry).</p><p>But others agreed to join, being wooed by the city&rsquo;s municipal services. The city&rsquo;s public schools system was a draw. Its superior water, sewer, electric, and roadway services were attractive too.</p><blockquote><p><strong>Explore: </strong><a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/gulp-how-chicago-gobbled-its-neighbors-109583#scribd">Archival news coverage of the 1899 annexation of the Austin neighborhood on Chicago&rsquo;s West Side</a></p></blockquote><p>&ldquo;Those four townships that voted wholesale to come in in 1889, they were looking at Chicago and the municipality as really a way out of a lot of problems,&rdquo; said Chicago History Museum historian Peter Alter. &ldquo;No longer were things like sewers and power seen as luxuries that you could offer to the rich; they were seen as necessities.&rdquo;</p><p>The paradigm began to shift away from annexation as the city could no longer afford to swell and the last major annexation &mdash; the land for <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/924.html" target="_blank">O&#39;Hare International Airport &mdash;</a> was more of a grab for land than individual taxpayers in 1956.</p><p>&ldquo;One of the reasons annexation stops [...] in the early 1900s is because the city really doesn&rsquo;t want to annex any more territory,&rdquo; said Chicago historian Ann Keating, who wrote <em>Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs: A Historical Guide</em> and co-edited <em>The Encyclopedia of Chicago</em>. &ldquo;Our vision is suburban communities wouldn&rsquo;t want to join in to the city, but the fact of the matter is the city kind of hits a point where they can no longer extend services.&rdquo;</p><p>Meanwhile, some suburban communities remained adamant about their independence.<a name="scribd"></a></p><p><em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/users/tbobeda">Tricia Bobeda</a> is a producer on WBEZ&#39;s digital team and co-host of the <a href="http://www.wbez.org/podcasts">Nerdette Podcast</a>. Follow her on <a href="http://twitter.com/triciabobeda">Twitter</a>. <a href="https://twitter.com/alyssaedes" target="_blank">Alyssa Edes</a> was a WBEZ web intern this fall.</em></p><p style=" margin: 12px auto 6px auto; font-family: Helvetica,Arial,Sans-serif; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 14px; line-height: normal; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -x-system-font: none; display: block;"><a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/189269972/Austin-s-annexation-into-Chicago" style="text-decoration: underline;" title="View Austin's annexation into Chicago on Scribd">Archival news coverage of Austin&#39;s annexation into Chicago</a></p><p><iframe class="scribd_iframe_embed" data-aspect-ratio="0.195789016713697" data-auto-height="false" frameborder="0" height="800" id="doc_66250" scrolling="no" src="//www.scribd.com/embeds/189269972/content?start_page=1&amp;view_mode=scroll&amp;access_key=key-f588hiqpv1x2j5sf16w&amp;show_recommendations=true" width="600"></iframe></p></p> Mon, 27 Jan 2014 15:26:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/series/curious-city/gulp-how-chicago-gobbled-its-neighbors-109583 Handpicked Chicago food and drink events: trash fish dinner, mah jongg and more http://www.wbez.org/blogs/louisa-chu/2013-05/handpicked-chicago-food-and-drink-events-trash-fish-dinner-mah-jongg-and <p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/bellygreennachos.jpg" style="height: 413px; width: 620px;" title="Three Sisters black bean salad with vegetables and red Thai curry by bellyq chef Bill Kim with Green Acres Farm at Green City Market Chefs BBQ 2012 in Chicago (WBEZ/Louisa Chu)" /></p><p><strong>Friday, May 17</strong><br /><a href="http://www.brownpapertickets.com/event/378439"><u><em>Unicornucopia: Big Fork, Co-op Sauce, and Pipeworks Brewing collaboration party</em></u></a> at Star Lounge. A Chicago Craft Beer Week four course, four beer pairing dinner. First magical course: Wisconsin morels, Michigan asparagus, crispy Don Pedro&#39;s prosciutto, shaved salt cured yolk, and fermented poblano vinaigrette; paired with Pipeworks&#39; Ninja Vs. Unicorn Double IPA. Admission $45.</p><p><strong>Saturday, May 18</strong><br /><a href="http://www.wbez.org/agroterrorism-food-poisoning-brought-new-level-106986"><u><em>Agroterrorism (Food Poisoning Brought to a New Level!)</em></u></a> at the Chicago History Museum. Presented by the Culinary Historians of Chicago, poison expert Dr. Jerrold Leikin will discuss agroterrorism, including the first and biggest bioterrorist attack in U.S. history: the 1984 Rajneeshee salad bar salmonella contamination which poisoned 751 people in 10 Oregon restaurants. What food samples will be served at a food poisoning event? Come and be surprised! This event will be recorded for WBEZ&rsquo;s <em>Chicago Amplified</em>. Admission FREE for Culinary Historians of Chicago members, $5 general, $3 for students.</p><p><strong>Sunday, May 19</strong><br /><a href="http://gooseisland25.eventbrite.com/"><u><em>Goose Island 25th anniversary party</em></u></a> outside at Goose Island&rsquo;s Fulton Street Brewery. A celebration of beer, with actual craft brewers on-site, plus local food favorites and music. Sample craft beers from Goose Island (including the Fulton and Wood, and Bourbon County collections) plus special guests Half Acre, Emmett&rsquo;s Brewing, Virtue Cider, and more. A portion of the proceeds will be donated to the Illinois Craft Brewers Guild. Admission $25.</p><p><strong>Monday, May 20</strong><br /><a href="http://chefscollaborative.org/events/trash-fish-dinner-chicago/"><u><em>Trash Fish Dinner: the Best Seafood You&#39;ve Never Tried</em></u></a> at Big Jones. Asian carp, scup, dogfish, triggerfish, smelt and speckled trout have traditionally been discarded by fishermen, left off menus by chefs, and are virtually unknown to the general public. Presented by Chefs Collaborative, 10 of Chicago&rsquo;s best chefs turn trash fish into treasured dinner. Hosted by Big Jones chef Paul Fehribach with Avec&rsquo;s Erling Wu-Bower, Blackbird&rsquo;s Paul Kahan, North Pond&rsquo;s Bruce Sherman, Prairie Grass Café&rsquo;s Sarah Stegner and George Bumbaris, Trattoria No. 10&rsquo;s Laura Piper, Trenchermen&rsquo;s Michael and Patrick Sheerin, and Vie and Perennial Virant&rsquo;s Paul Virant. The dinner is sold out but add your name to the waitlist to be notified when seats become available. Weather permitting, Big Jones will open the patio. All proceeds benefit Chefs Collaborative. Admission $125.</p><p><strong>Tuesday, May 21</strong></p><p><a href="http://www.wbez.org/chinese-roots-mah-jongg-107010"><u><em>Chinese Roots of Mah Jongg</em></u></a> at the Chicago History Museum. Presented by the Chicago History Museum in collaboration with the Chinese-American Museum of Chicago, discuss the cross-cultural love of Mah Jongg over kosher tea. This event will be recorded for WBEZ&rsquo;s <em>Chicago Amplified</em>. Admission $8 for Chicago History Museum members, $10 general.</p><p><strong>Wednesday, May 22</strong><br /><a href="https://salsa3.salsalabs.com/o/50363/p/salsa/event/common/public/index.sjs?event_KEY=71605"><u><em>International Biodiversity Day</em></u></a> at The Field Museum. Travel the globe through the lens of photographer David Cavagnaro. Learn the geographic origins of our favorite fruits and vegetables, and the diaspora that&#39;s responsible for the diversity we have today. Tour the Edible Treasures Garden at the museum then taste food inspired by this year&#39;s plantings. Presented by the Field Museum, Peterson Garden Project, Seed Savers Exchange, and Jewell Events Catering, celebrating seed diversity. Admission $10.</p><p><strong>Thursday, May 23</strong><br /><a href="https://www.facebook.com/events/603603962992087/"><u><em>Meet the Market</em></u></a> at bellyQ. Presented by the Green City Market Junior Board, kick off this season&#39;s series with passed apps and featured cocktails from Koval Distillery and Green Acres Farm of North Judson, Indiana. Admission FREE, food complimentary, Koval cocktails additional and act as your donation.</p><p><em>Follow Louisa Chu <a href="https://twitter.com/louisachu"><u>@louisachu</u></a>.</em></p></p> Fri, 17 May 2013 05:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/louisa-chu/2013-05/handpicked-chicago-food-and-drink-events-trash-fish-dinner-mah-jongg-and Chicago leaders weigh in on the first 100 days of the Emanuel administration http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-26/chicago-leaders-weigh-first-100-days-emanuel-administration-91088 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-26/first100forum1.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483666-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/First 100 seg 2 of 2 mp3.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p><p>In the second part of <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/first-100-rahm-emanuels-first-100-days-chicago-mayor" target="_blank"><em>The First 100</em></a> community forum, <em>Eight Forty-Eight's</em> Alison Cuddy was joined by a panel of local leaders: Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy, <a href="http://www.transitchicago.com/" target="_blank">Chicago Transit Authority</a> president Forrest Claypool, City of Chicago comptroller <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/fin/auto_generated/fin_leadership.html" target="_blank">Amer Ahmad</a> and Department of Cultural Affairs and Special Events commissioner <a href="http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/dca/auto_generated/dca_leadership.html" target="_blank">Michelle Boone</a>. Engaged local residents were invited to pose questions--online and in the flesh--to generate a dialogue centered around change within the city of Chicago.</p></p> Fri, 26 Aug 2011 15:07:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-26/chicago-leaders-weigh-first-100-days-emanuel-administration-91088 Mayor Emanuel discusses first 100 days in office at community forum http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-26/mayor-emanuel-discusses-first-100-days-office-community-forum-91084 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-26/First 100 Days 003 by Bill Healy - August 24 2011.JPG" alt="" /><p><p><audio class="mejs mediaelement-formatter-identified-1332483666-1" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/sites/default/files/First 100 seg 1 of 2 mp3.mp3">&nbsp;</audio></p><p><iframe frameborder="0" height="338" src="http://player.vimeo.com/video/28207690?title=0&amp;byline=0&amp;portrait=0&amp;color=b30000" width="601"></iframe></p><p>On Wednesday evening, WBEZ hosted a community forum with Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and other city officials at the Chicago History Museum. The event was the culmination of WBEZ's series <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/first-100-rahm-emanuels-first-100-days-chicago-mayor" target="_blank"><em>The First 100</em></a>, features and conversations assessing the mayor’s performance and promises during his first few months in office.&nbsp;</p><p>Members of the community, both local leaders and engaged local residents, gathered to facilitate a dialogue around change within the city of Chicago--how its implemented and plans for the future of the city and its residents.</p><p>A number of audience members asked questions and made comments about priorities at City Hall.</p><p><em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> presented an edited version of <a href="http://www.wbez.org/event/2011-08-24/first-100-mayor-emanuel%E2%80%99s-early-impact-chicago" target="_blank"><em>The First 100 – Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s Early Impact on Chicago</em></a> event on Friday.<br> &nbsp;</p></p> Fri, 26 Aug 2011 14:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-26/mayor-emanuel-discusses-first-100-days-office-community-forum-91084 Emanuel backs smaller teacher raise for longer school day http://www.wbez.org/story/emanuel-backs-smaller-teacher-raise-longer-school-day-91014 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-August/2011-08-25/emanuel cuddy healy.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel is backing a plan to give teachers a small raise in exchange for extending the school day.</p><p>Emanuel's schools chief, Jean Claude Brizard, this week said he's willing to give teachers a two percent raise, in exchange for 90 extra minutes in kindergarten through eighth grades. This follows a June decision by the Chicago Public Schools board to cancel a previously negotiated four percent raise for teachers, citing budget concerns.</p><p>On Wednesday night, the mayor described the moves as a change from how past negotiations took place.</p><p>"The elected officials said, 'I don't want a strike.' Teachers said, 'I want a pay raise.' The adults won, and the kids got left on the side of the road. And I'm not going to be a party to that anymore," Emanuel said.</p><p>Chicago Teachers Union President Karen Lewis said earlier on Wednesday that the union will consider the proposal, but chastised district leadership for first proposing it in the media. Brizard floated the idea during an appearance Tuesday on WTTW's <em>Chicago Tonight</em>.</p><p>Meanwhile, Emanuel also defended a property tax increase the school board passed Wednesday. He insisted his pledge not to hike property taxes only applies to city government, not the schools.</p><p>The mayor's comments came at a forum sponsored by WBEZ at the Chicago History Museum. He took questions for roughly 40 minutes, but refused to take any directly from the crowd.</p></p> Thu, 25 Aug 2011 10:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/emanuel-backs-smaller-teacher-raise-longer-school-day-91014 New City Council, old ways? http://www.wbez.org/story/aldermen/new-city-council-old-ways-84934 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-April/2011-04-08/rahm picture.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>As the dust settles on Tuesday’s Aldermanic run-off elections, the lingering question remains: How will this new crew of lawmakers interact with Chicago’s new mayor?</p><p>Former iterations of the City Council have been accused rubber-stamping outgoing Mayor Richard M. Daley’s agenda, for better or worse (See the city’s parking meter deal for a commonly cited example of “worse.”) A recent study conducted by UIC’s Dick Simpson found that over the last four years the outgoing City Council voted with Mayor Daley 88% of the time. And, that during the same period, the mayor lost no votes.</p><p>So will the revamped City Council, with its crop of <a href="../../blog/city-room-blog/2011-04-06/meet-chicagos-newest-aldermen-84807">15 new Aldermen</a>, prove more of a challenge for Mayor Elect Rahm Emanuel? This was one question tackled in recent conversation at the Chicago History Museum featuring political analysts like WBEZ’s own Steve Edwards.</p><p>In the audio excerpt above, Edwards argues that at least from the mayor’s side, there’s not much incentive for change.</p><p><em>Dynamic </em><em>Range</em> showcases hidden gems unearthed from <em>Chicago</em><em> Amplified’s</em> vast archive of public events and appears on weekends. WBEZ’s Steve Edwards spoke to an audience at the <a href="http://www.chicagohs.org/">Chicago History Museum</a> in March. Click <a href="../../story/news/politics/know-and-winner-is%E2%80%A6-84674">here</a> to hear the event in its entirety, and click <a href="http://itunes.apple.com/us/artist/wbez/id364380278" target="_blank">here</a> to subscribe to the <em>Dynamic </em><em>Range</em> podcast.</p></p> Fri, 08 Apr 2011 21:30:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/aldermen/new-city-council-old-ways-84934 Book compiles the big and small facts about Chicago history http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-02/book-compiles-big-and-small-facts-about-chicago-history-83243 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/Chicago skyline getty scott olson.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>When Rahm Emanuel takes over City Hall in May, the post-Daley era will officially begin! But how will official history treat the Mayor&rsquo;s tenure? A good place to turn for answers is the <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/" target="_blank"><em>Encyclopedia of Chicago</em></a>. The massive reference book first published in 2004 is an effort to take stock of the news, ideas and culture that constantly redefine Chicago. Via research from scholars and journalists the <em>Encyclopedia</em> covers everything - from political conventions to polka and pollution! <a href="http://www.historians.org/info/StaffContactInfo.cfm" target="_blank">Jim Grossman</a>, one of the editors of the book, joined <em>Eight Forty-Eight</em> from&nbsp;Washington D.C. where he's executive director of the <a href="http://www.historians.org/" target="_blank">American Historical Association</a>.</p></p> Wed, 02 Mar 2011 14:54:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-03-02/book-compiles-big-and-small-facts-about-chicago-history-83243 Prohibition’s doctor-sanctioned drunkenness http://www.wbez.org/story/alcohol/prohibition%E2%80%99s-doctor-sanctioned-drunkenness <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/champagne 2.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>As you raise your glass of champagne tonight, toast the fact that you&rsquo;re not celebrating New Year&rsquo;s Eve between 1919 and 1933. The &ldquo;Noble Experiment&rdquo; better known as Prohibition caused drinking rates to drop precipitously and made it a lot harder to get that precious glass of bubbly.&nbsp;</p> <div>Harder that is, but not impossible. Drinking didn&rsquo;t stop in the U.S. during Prohibition, nor was it technically illegal. (Only selling, making or transporting alcohol was.) We all know the legends of the speakeasies, those password-protected watering holes lousy with dolled-up dames and their mobster dates. But writer <a href="http://www.danielokrent.com/">Daniel Okrent</a> traces a less glamorous set of work-arounds in his book <em>Last Call: the Rise and Fall of Prohibition</em>. According to Okrent, you were just as likely to end up in the doctor&rsquo;s office or the pharmacy as the speakeasy. For $3, or about $37 in today&rsquo;s money, you could get a weekly prescription to keep the taps running.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> <div>In the audio excerpt above, Okrent describes how the medical establishment was in cahoots with the liquor biz, underground as it was. As you&rsquo;re listening, just be glad you can go to a bar this weekend. So much less romantic to steal a boozy New Year&rsquo;s kiss under the cold, unflattering fluorescent lights of a CVS. &nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><a href="../../../../../../series/dynamic-range"><em>Dynamic Range</em></a><em> showcases hidden gems unearthed from Chicago Amplified&rsquo;s vast archive of public events and appears on weekends. David Okrent&rsquo;s talk was presented by the </em><a href="http://www.chicagohs.org/"><em>Chicago History Museum</em></a><em> in May of 2010, and was recorded by </em><a href="../../../../../../amplified"><em>Chicago Amplified</em></a><em>. Click </em><a href="../../../../../../episode-segments/prohibition-seminar-way-we-drank"><em>here</em></a><em> to hear Okrent&rsquo;s talk in its entirety, and click </em><a href="http://itunes.apple.com/us/artist/wbez/id364380278"><em>here</em></a><em> to subscribe to the Dynamic Range podcast.</em></div></p> Fri, 31 Dec 2010 18:22:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/alcohol/prohibition%E2%80%99s-doctor-sanctioned-drunkenness