WBEZ | Colombia http://www.wbez.org/tags/colombia Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Ruth Goring's 'Soap is Political' examines Colombia through poetry http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-23/ruth-gorings-soap-political-examines-colombia-through-poetry-112466 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/Luz%20Adriana%20Villa.jpg" title="(Photo: Flickr/Luz Adriana Villa)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216041688&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">&nbsp;&#39;Soap is Political&#39;, a new book by poet Ruth Goring</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>Ruth Goring grew up in Colombia in a family of Christian missionaries. She left as a young adult, but Colombia still remained important to her. Ruth returned to Colombia years later to work on human and civil rights issues. Afro-Colombians and indigenous peoples were especially vulnerable to atrocities by all sides during a decades long civil war between government, guerrilla and paramilitary forces. Goring has written a new biographical book of poetry about her experiences called Soap is Political. She&rsquo;ll share moments of her life as an advocate for Colombian civilians and share some of the poems from her book.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/Ruth_Goring">Ruth Goring</a> is a&nbsp;poet, and a board member for <a href="https://twitter.com/Colombiavivechi">Colombia Vive Chicago</a>, an NGO dedicated to human rights in Colombia.</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/216042034&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 18px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><span style="font-size: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">World History Minute: Prince &#39;Bonnie&#39; Charlie</span></p><div style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><p>In 1688 King James II of England was forced into exile. He was a Catholic, and the Protestant establishment feared he was going to promote the Catholic religion. James was also the King of Scotland, a Stuart. Some years later, when Scotland was joined to England as Great Britain, many Scots didn&rsquo;t like it. These Scots considered the Stuarts their rightful kings. Starting in 1715, there were a series of unsuccessful risings against the Hanover dynasty. It all came to a head July 23, 1745. Historian John Schmidt tells us what happened.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong> <em><a href="https://twitter.com/JRSchmidtPhD">John Schmidt</a>, PhD. is a history professor at the University of Chicago and the author of &#39;On This Day in Chicago&#39;.&nbsp;</em></p></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 23 Jul 2015 14:48:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-07-23/ruth-gorings-soap-political-examines-colombia-through-poetry-112466 Worldview: Colombia looks to end nearly 50 years of violence at the Summit of the Americas http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-13/worldview-colombia-looks-end-nearly-50-years-violence-summit-americas <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/AP155651167573.jpg" style="height: 419px; width: 620px;" title="A man dressed as independence hero Simon Bolivar attends a march for peace on the National Day of Memory and Solidarity with Victims of the Armed Conflict, in Bogota, Colombia, Thursday, April 9, 2015.(AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)" /></div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200655141&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Peace negotiations for Colombia take place at the Summit of the Americas</span></p><p>For nearly fifty years in Colombia there has been a civil war between the central government, leftist opposition groups and more recently, armed paramilitaries. According to Colombia&rsquo;s National Center for Historical Memory, the conflict has killed around 220,000 people, the vast majority being civilians.&nbsp; In addition, more than five million civilians have been displaced, leaving Colombia with the world&rsquo;s second largest IDP population. Peace talks between the factions continue in Cuba. Father Leonel Narvaez is a Catholic priest and &nbsp;sociologist. He&rsquo;s founder and executive director of the Bogota based Fundación para la Reconciliación (Foundation for Reconciliation). He&rsquo;s been on the front lines of the war. His work includes rehabilitating child soldiers.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-5f8d96d0-b46c-a15d-cdc3-dd0b133555b7">Fr. Leonel Narvaez is a</span> catholic priest, sociologist, founder and executive director of the <a href="http://www.fundacionparalareconciliacion.org/">Fundación para la Reconciliación (Foundation for Reconciliation).</a></em></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/200655584&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><font color="#333333" face="Arial, sans-serif"><span style="font-size: 23.9999980926514px; line-height: 22px; background-color: rgb(255, 244, 244);">Lithuanian independence leader Vytautas Landsbergis on Russia and playing music</span></font></p><p>Lithuania declared its independence from the former Soviet Union 25 years ago. We&rsquo;ll talk about that moment in history with Vytautas Landsbergis. He was Lithuania&rsquo;s first head-of-state after independence. He&rsquo;ll share what he remembers about that historic time and what he views as the current threat from Russia. Landsbergis is also a professor of music. He&rsquo;ll perform for us and discuss how music and the arts factor into Lithuanian identity.</p><p><strong>Guest:</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><em><span id="docs-internal-guid-761fb591-b471-bf04-485c-2384b56ea00f"><a href="https://twitter.com/Landsbergis">Vytautas Landsbergis</a> is the </span>former president of Lithuania, former member of European parliament and professor of the Lithuanian Academy of Music.</em></p></p> Mon, 13 Apr 2015 15:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2015-04-13/worldview-colombia-looks-end-nearly-50-years-violence-summit-americas Senate releases report on CIA torture http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-09/senate-releases-report-cia-torture-111208 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP582831822547.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A report released by the Senate Intelligence Committee on the CIA&#39;s use of torture found the use of &quot;enhanced interrogation techniques&quot; did not get detainees to provide critical information. We&#39;ll discuss the report with Katherine Hawkins. Her organization had advocated for the report&#39;s release.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-disappearances-in-colombia/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-disappearances-in-colombia.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-disappearances-in-colombia" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Senate releases report on CIA torture" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 09 Dec 2014 11:48:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-12-09/senate-releases-report-cia-torture-111208 Colombia suspends peace talks http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-19/colombia-suspends-peace-talks-111125 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP211048770500.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>The Colombian government has suspended peace talks with the leftist guerrilla group FARC after the kidnapping of an army General. Gimena Sanchez of the Washington Office on Latin America joins us to explain what this means for the peace process.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-28" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: Colombia suspends peace talks" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 19 Nov 2014 13:10:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-11-19/colombia-suspends-peace-talks-111125 U.S. strategy against ISIS http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-09-09/us-strategy-against-isis-110772 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP268262424866.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>President Obama is expected to announce his plan to combat ISIS during an address Wednesday night. We&#39;ll discuss what strategies would be most effective with Middle East expert Joshua Landis.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: U.S. strategy against ISIS" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-09-09/us-strategy-against-isis-110772 Global Activism: Photojournalist documents Afro-Colombian communities http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-photojournalist-documents-afro-colombian-communities-110252 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/GA-Bracey.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Colombia&rsquo;s African Diaspora population is the third largest in the Americas, after Brazil and the United States, but they endure enormous violence and persecution at the hands of the country&rsquo;s numerous armed factions. The lives of Afro-Colombians are further complicated by decades of civil war and economic interests such as the mining industry, narcotraffickers and large landowners, that fuel more violence.</p><p>Ruth Goring is a board member for <a href="http://colombiavivechicago.org/">Colombia Vive Chicago</a>, an NGO dedicated to human rights in Colombia. She&rsquo;s author of a book of poetry called <em>Yellow Doors</em>. <a href="http://www.mjbphotography.com/">Michael Bracey</a> is a photojournalist and editor of the Africans Within the Americas project. In February 2014, they visited Afro-Colombian neighborhoods in and near Cartagena, Quibdó, Buenaventura, and Medellín. Goring and Bracey join us to fulfill their mission to &ldquo;share the beauty and strength of our Afro-Colombian sisters and brothers through exhibits and presentations in Chicago and beyond.&rdquo;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/147429349&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><strong>Ruth Goring reflects on the constant danger Afro-Colombians face: </strong></p><p>&ldquo;Our Afro-Colombian-focused trip was fantastic...We met so many internally displaced Afro-Colombians, and the violence that forces people to flee their homes is not really letting up...One compelling woman had been mayor of Jurado in Choco, where she resisted FARC takeover of land and was rewarded with a FARC pipe bomb thrown onto her house; she was displaced to Buenaventura, where she got involved in community leadership and the paramilitary gangs threatened her life. Now she&#39;s taking shelter in Bogota. We met her there, in the SUV with shaded windows...[T]he government provide[d] [these] services because her name has been on Aguilas Negras hit lists.&rdquo;</p></p> Thu, 01 May 2014 10:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-photojournalist-documents-afro-colombian-communities-110252 Peace in an Age of Violence: Reparations, Reconciliation, Renewal http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/peace-age-violence-reparations-reconciliation-renewal-106824 <p><p>Brutal war has engulfed villages and cities in Mali. Violence in Colombia has forced people out of their homes and left anger, fear and poverty in its wake. Does post-apartheid South Africa offer a vision and a model for war-torn societies? Many countries that have been torn apart by civil war ask: how do we rebuild, how can we make amends, or does accountability trump reconciliation?</p><ul><li><strong>Joaquin Chavez</strong>, historian at UIC, research and direct work on reconciliation and reconstruction in El Salvador</li><li><strong>Ali Issa</strong>, anti-militarist activist, writer and field organizer for War Resisters League</li><li><strong>Prexy Nesbitt</strong>, educator, activist and speaker on Africa, foreign policy and racism</li><li><strong>Astrid Suarez</strong>, founder of Columbia vive Chicago</li><li><strong>Barbara Ransby</strong>, historian, author, and Director of the Social Justice Initiative and Gender and Women&#39;s Studies at UIC (moderator)</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IHC-webstory_16.jpg" title="" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">Recorded live Saturday, April 6, 2013 at the UIC Pavilion part of WBEZ&#39;s 6th Annual Global Activism Expo.&nbsp;</div></p> Sat, 06 Apr 2013 14:52:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/peace-age-violence-reparations-reconciliation-renewal-106824 Worldview 4.5.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-05/worldview-4512-97948 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//main-images/AP110308038998.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Advocates for Guantanamo Bay detainees thought President Obama’s election would resolve the issue of indefinite detention. But after nearly four years in office, the opposite has occurred. <a href="http://www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/directory/index.html?id=559" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Jack Goldsmith</a>, author of <em>Power and Constraint: The Accountable Presidency After 9/11</em> discusses the shifts in the judicial system amidst changing social pressures, civil liberties and presidents. Also, WBEZ's Odette Yousef reports from Pakistan about one man’s experiment to see if high standards can bring broad social change to his country. And, nearly 60 percent of Colombia's millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are women. In a mountainside settlement of IDPs above the city of Medellin, the group Creative Women of Hope live up to their name. Astrid Suarez and Ruth Goring tell <em>Worldview</em> about how their own group, <a href="http://www.facebook.com/ColombiaViveChicago" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Colombia Vive Chicago</a>, supports the organization and women in Colombia.</p></p> Thu, 05 Apr 2012 09:15:17 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-05/worldview-4512-97948 $7.3 million OKed for downtown ‘bus rapid transit’ http://www.wbez.org/story/story/city-devotes-73-million-downtown-brt-96580 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//story/photo/2012-February/2012-02-21/BRT_Flickr_.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="Transmilenio" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-20/Transmilenio.jpg" style="margin: 9px 18px 6px 1px; float: left; width: 374px; height: 247px;" title="Bogotá, Colombia, has the world’s most advanced bus-rapid-transit system. (flickr/Oscar Amaya)" />Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s administration has decided to channel more than $7.3&nbsp;million in tax increment financing toward a &ldquo;bus rapid transit&rdquo; line downtown, according to transportation and economic-development officials.</p><p>The money will combine with an announced $24.6&nbsp;million from the Federal Transit Administration to speed up trips between Union Station, the Ogilvie Transportation Center, several Chicago Transit Authority lines, Streeterville and Navy Pier.</p><p>&ldquo;About 50&nbsp;percent of the commuters who come to work every day in Chicago&rsquo;s central business district arrive by bus or train,&rdquo; said Peter Skosey, vice president of the Metropolitan Planning Council, a nonprofit group working on the project. &ldquo;If they&rsquo;re getting off at those Metra stations in the West Loop, it&rsquo;s quite a hike over to North Michigan Avenue or even just to State Street. So this really facilitates the use of transit for downtown Chicago.&rdquo;</p><p>Bus rapid transit, known as BRT, delivers many benefits of rail at a fraction of the cost. The most advanced BRT systems have sprung up in Bogotá, Colombia; Guangzhou, China; Johannesburg, South Africa; and Ahmedabad, India.</p><p>BRT remains largely unknown in the United States. Modest systems are running in Cleveland, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh, Las Vegas and Eugene, Oregon.</p><p>In 2008, Mayor Richard M. Daley&rsquo;s administration said it was moving on a BRT pilot project. But the city bungled an application for $153&nbsp;million in federal funding for it.</p><p>Emanuel&rsquo;s mayoral transition plan last year promised a &ldquo;full bus rapid transit pilot&rdquo; within three years. The pilot, according to the plan, will include &ldquo;dedicated bus lanes, signal preemption, prepaid boarding or on-board fare verification, multiple entry and exits points on the buses, limited stops, and street-level boarding.&rdquo;</p><p>The Chicago Department of Transportation is keeping lips tight about its design of the downtown line, known as both the &ldquo;East-West Transit Corridor&rdquo; and &ldquo;Central Loop BRT.&rdquo; It&rsquo;s not clear the design will include many of the timesavers listed in Emanuel&rsquo;s plan. A CDOT plan announced in 2010 would remove cars from some traffic lanes, rig key stoplights to favor the buses, improve sidewalks, install bicycle lanes and build specially branded bus stops equipped with GPS-powered &ldquo;next bus&rdquo; arrival signs.</p><p>The CTA, meanwhile, has a separate $1.6&nbsp;million federal grant to plan BRT options along a 21-mile stretch of Western Avenue. Another $11&nbsp;million from the feds is funding bus improvements this year along the South Side&rsquo;s Jeffrey Boulevard. That line, though billed as BRT, will lack many features for speeding up trips.</p></p> Tue, 21 Feb 2012 11:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/story/city-devotes-73-million-downtown-brt-96580 A critical look at pending free trade agreements http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-01/critical-look-pending-free-trade-agreements-91401 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org//segment/photo/2011-September/2011-09-01/FTA3.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>In 1994, the United States, Canada and Mexico implemented the <a href="http://www.ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/north-american-free-trade-agreement-nafta" target="_blank">North American Free Trade Agreement</a> (NAFTA). At the time, proponents of the landmark agreement said NAFTA would create hundreds of thousands of high-wage jobs in the U.S. It was also supposed to pull Mexico’s economy into the First World and transform it into a robust market for American goods.</p><p>After seventeen years, it’s clear that NAFTA hasn't lived up to expectations. Yet after the August recess, Congress plans to vote on three more free trade agreements -- this time with South Korea, Panama and Colombia. With President Obama and politicians on both sides of the aisle under tremendous pressure to create jobs, the likelihood is high that they'll pass.</p><p>We sift through the facts and myths of free trade agreements with Laura Carlsen, director of the <a href="http://www.cipamericas.org/" target="_blank">Americas Program of the Center for International Policy</a> and a columnist for <a href="http://www.fpif.org/" target="_blank"><em>Foreign Policy in Focus</em></a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 01 Sep 2011 15:11:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-01/critical-look-pending-free-trade-agreements-91401