WBEZ | Colombia http://www.wbez.org/tags/colombia Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en U.S. strategy against ISIS http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-09-09/us-strategy-against-isis-110772 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP268262424866.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>President Obama is expected to announce his plan to combat ISIS during an address Wednesday night. We&#39;ll discuss what strategies would be most effective with Middle East expert Joshua Landis.</p><div class="storify"><iframe allowtransparency="true" frameborder="no" height="750" src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis/embed?header=false&amp;border=false" width="100%"></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis.js?header=false&border=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/worldview-u-s-strategy-against-isis" target="_blank">View the story "Worldview: U.S. strategy against ISIS" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:40:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/programs/worldview/2014-09-09/us-strategy-against-isis-110772 Global Activism: Photojournalist documents Afro-Colombian communities http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-photojournalist-documents-afro-colombian-communities-110252 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/GA-Bracey.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Colombia&rsquo;s African Diaspora population is the third largest in the Americas, after Brazil and the United States, but they endure enormous violence and persecution at the hands of the country&rsquo;s numerous armed factions. The lives of Afro-Colombians are further complicated by decades of civil war and economic interests such as the mining industry, narcotraffickers and large landowners, that fuel more violence.</p><p>Ruth Goring is a board member for <a href="http://colombiavivechicago.org/">Colombia Vive Chicago</a>, an NGO dedicated to human rights in Colombia. She&rsquo;s author of a book of poetry called <em>Yellow Doors</em>. <a href="http://www.mjbphotography.com/">Michael Bracey</a> is a photojournalist and editor of the Africans Within the Americas project. In February 2014, they visited Afro-Colombian neighborhoods in and near Cartagena, Quibdó, Buenaventura, and Medellín. Goring and Bracey join us to fulfill their mission to &ldquo;share the beauty and strength of our Afro-Colombian sisters and brothers through exhibits and presentations in Chicago and beyond.&rdquo;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/147429349&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><strong>Ruth Goring reflects on the constant danger Afro-Colombians face: </strong></p><p>&ldquo;Our Afro-Colombian-focused trip was fantastic...We met so many internally displaced Afro-Colombians, and the violence that forces people to flee their homes is not really letting up...One compelling woman had been mayor of Jurado in Choco, where she resisted FARC takeover of land and was rewarded with a FARC pipe bomb thrown onto her house; she was displaced to Buenaventura, where she got involved in community leadership and the paramilitary gangs threatened her life. Now she&#39;s taking shelter in Bogota. We met her there, in the SUV with shaded windows...[T]he government provide[d] [these] services because her name has been on Aguilas Negras hit lists.&rdquo;</p></p> Thu, 01 May 2014 10:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/global-activism/global-activism-photojournalist-documents-afro-colombian-communities-110252 Peace in an Age of Violence: Reparations, Reconciliation, Renewal http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/peace-age-violence-reparations-reconciliation-renewal-106824 <p><p>Brutal war has engulfed villages and cities in Mali. Violence in Colombia has forced people out of their homes and left anger, fear and poverty in its wake. Does post-apartheid South Africa offer a vision and a model for war-torn societies? Many countries that have been torn apart by civil war ask: how do we rebuild, how can we make amends, or does accountability trump reconciliation?</p><ul><li><strong>Joaquin Chavez</strong>, historian at UIC, research and direct work on reconciliation and reconstruction in El Salvador</li><li><strong>Ali Issa</strong>, anti-militarist activist, writer and field organizer for War Resisters League</li><li><strong>Prexy Nesbitt</strong>, educator, activist and speaker on Africa, foreign policy and racism</li><li><strong>Astrid Suarez</strong>, founder of Columbia vive Chicago</li><li><strong>Barbara Ransby</strong>, historian, author, and Director of the Social Justice Initiative and Gender and Women&#39;s Studies at UIC (moderator)</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/IHC-webstory_16.jpg" title="" /></div><div class="image-insert-image ">Recorded live Saturday, April 6, 2013 at the UIC Pavilion part of WBEZ&#39;s 6th Annual Global Activism Expo.&nbsp;</div></p> Sat, 06 Apr 2013 14:52:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/series/chicago-amplified/peace-age-violence-reparations-reconciliation-renewal-106824 Worldview 4.5.12 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-05/worldview-4512-97948 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/AP110308038998.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Advocates for Guantanamo Bay detainees thought President Obama’s election would resolve the issue of indefinite detention. But after nearly four years in office, the opposite has occurred. <a href="http://www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/directory/index.html?id=559" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Jack Goldsmith</a>, author of <em>Power and Constraint: The Accountable Presidency After 9/11</em> discusses the shifts in the judicial system amidst changing social pressures, civil liberties and presidents. Also, WBEZ's Odette Yousef reports from Pakistan about one man’s experiment to see if high standards can bring broad social change to his country. And, nearly 60 percent of Colombia's millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are women. In a mountainside settlement of IDPs above the city of Medellin, the group Creative Women of Hope live up to their name. Astrid Suarez and Ruth Goring tell <em>Worldview</em> about how their own group, <a href="http://www.facebook.com/ColombiaViveChicago" onclick="window.open(this.href, '', 'resizable=no,status=no,location=no,toolbar=no,menubar=no,fullscreen=no,scrollbars=no,dependent=no'); return false;">Colombia Vive Chicago</a>, supports the organization and women in Colombia.</p></p> Thu, 05 Apr 2012 09:15:17 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/worldview/2012-04-05/worldview-4512-97948 $7.3 million OKed for downtown ‘bus rapid transit’ http://www.wbez.org/story/story/city-devotes-73-million-downtown-brt-96580 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2012-February/2012-02-21/BRT_Flickr_.jpg" alt="" /><p><p><img alt="Transmilenio" class="caption" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/insert-image/2012-February/2012-02-20/Transmilenio.jpg" style="margin: 9px 18px 6px 1px; float: left; width: 374px; height: 247px;" title="Bogotá, Colombia, has the world’s most advanced bus-rapid-transit system. (flickr/Oscar Amaya)" />Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel&rsquo;s administration has decided to channel more than $7.3&nbsp;million in tax increment financing toward a &ldquo;bus rapid transit&rdquo; line downtown, according to transportation and economic-development officials.</p><p>The money will combine with an announced $24.6&nbsp;million from the Federal Transit Administration to speed up trips between Union Station, the Ogilvie Transportation Center, several Chicago Transit Authority lines, Streeterville and Navy Pier.</p><p>&ldquo;About 50&nbsp;percent of the commuters who come to work every day in Chicago&rsquo;s central business district arrive by bus or train,&rdquo; said Peter Skosey, vice president of the Metropolitan Planning Council, a nonprofit group working on the project. &ldquo;If they&rsquo;re getting off at those Metra stations in the West Loop, it&rsquo;s quite a hike over to North Michigan Avenue or even just to State Street. So this really facilitates the use of transit for downtown Chicago.&rdquo;</p><p>Bus rapid transit, known as BRT, delivers many benefits of rail at a fraction of the cost. The most advanced BRT systems have sprung up in Bogotá, Colombia; Guangzhou, China; Johannesburg, South Africa; and Ahmedabad, India.</p><p>BRT remains largely unknown in the United States. Modest systems are running in Cleveland, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh, Las Vegas and Eugene, Oregon.</p><p>In 2008, Mayor Richard M. Daley&rsquo;s administration said it was moving on a BRT pilot project. But the city bungled an application for $153&nbsp;million in federal funding for it.</p><p>Emanuel&rsquo;s mayoral transition plan last year promised a &ldquo;full bus rapid transit pilot&rdquo; within three years. The pilot, according to the plan, will include &ldquo;dedicated bus lanes, signal preemption, prepaid boarding or on-board fare verification, multiple entry and exits points on the buses, limited stops, and street-level boarding.&rdquo;</p><p>The Chicago Department of Transportation is keeping lips tight about its design of the downtown line, known as both the &ldquo;East-West Transit Corridor&rdquo; and &ldquo;Central Loop BRT.&rdquo; It&rsquo;s not clear the design will include many of the timesavers listed in Emanuel&rsquo;s plan. A CDOT plan announced in 2010 would remove cars from some traffic lanes, rig key stoplights to favor the buses, improve sidewalks, install bicycle lanes and build specially branded bus stops equipped with GPS-powered &ldquo;next bus&rdquo; arrival signs.</p><p>The CTA, meanwhile, has a separate $1.6&nbsp;million federal grant to plan BRT options along a 21-mile stretch of Western Avenue. Another $11&nbsp;million from the feds is funding bus improvements this year along the South Side&rsquo;s Jeffrey Boulevard. That line, though billed as BRT, will lack many features for speeding up trips.</p></p> Tue, 21 Feb 2012 11:56:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/story/city-devotes-73-million-downtown-brt-96580 A critical look at pending free trade agreements http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-01/critical-look-pending-free-trade-agreements-91401 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-September/2011-09-01/FTA3.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>In 1994, the United States, Canada and Mexico implemented the <a href="http://www.ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/north-american-free-trade-agreement-nafta" target="_blank">North American Free Trade Agreement</a> (NAFTA). At the time, proponents of the landmark agreement said NAFTA would create hundreds of thousands of high-wage jobs in the U.S. It was also supposed to pull Mexico’s economy into the First World and transform it into a robust market for American goods.</p><p>After seventeen years, it’s clear that NAFTA hasn't lived up to expectations. Yet after the August recess, Congress plans to vote on three more free trade agreements -- this time with South Korea, Panama and Colombia. With President Obama and politicians on both sides of the aisle under tremendous pressure to create jobs, the likelihood is high that they'll pass.</p><p>We sift through the facts and myths of free trade agreements with Laura Carlsen, director of the <a href="http://www.cipamericas.org/" target="_blank">Americas Program of the Center for International Policy</a> and a columnist for <a href="http://www.fpif.org/" target="_blank"><em>Foreign Policy in Focus</em></a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 01 Sep 2011 15:11:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-09-01/critical-look-pending-free-trade-agreements-91401 Rahm vows bus rapid transit, but can he deliver? http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-23/rahm-promises-brt-can-he-deliver-90926 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-23/Transmilenio.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>All this week, WBEZ is looking at <a href="http://www.wbez.org/series/first-100-rahm-emanuels-first-100-days-chicago-mayor" target="_blank">Rahm Emanuel’s first 100 days as Chicago mayor</a>.</p><p>One of Emanuel’s pledges is to push for the creation of the city’s first bus-rapid-transit line. The idea behind BRT is to deliver the benefits of rail at a fraction of the cost. BRT shortens travel times through dedicated bus lanes, pre-paid boarding that’s level with station platforms, and traffic signals that favor the buses.</p><p>WBEZ’s West Side bureau reporter <a href="http://www.wbez.org/staff/chip-mitchell" target="_blank">Chip Mitchell</a> gives us a progress report on Emanuel’s ambitious plan.<br> &nbsp;</p></p> Tue, 23 Aug 2011 16:49:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-23/rahm-promises-brt-can-he-deliver-90926 Journalist takes on powerful criminals and drug gangs in Colombia http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-02/journalist-takes-powerful-criminals-and-drug-gangs-colombia-89990 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-August/2011-08-02/colombia.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Despite efforts to demobilize paramilitary groups in Colombia, the country is still one of the most violent in the world. The danger is especially high for journalists who dare to report on Colombia’s powerful criminals and drug gangs, many of which are controlled by former paramilitary fighters. Leiderman Ortiz publishes a tabloid newspaper in the northern Colombian city of Caucasia. He specializes in exposing local corruption and the links between government officials and the gangs.</p><p>As Nadja Drost reports, his courage comes at a price.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>This story originally aired on the </em><a href="http://www.worldvisionreport.org/" target="_blank">World Vision Report</a><em> and is provided by the <a href="http://www.prx.org/pieces/55831-a-day-in-the-life-of-the-zapatistas#description" target="_blank">Public Radio Exchange</a>.</em></p></p> Tue, 02 Aug 2011 17:06:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-08-02/journalist-takes-powerful-criminals-and-drug-gangs-colombia-89990 Lawsuit alleges Chiquita responsible for the deaths of thousands of Colombian civilians - Part 2: The defense http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/lawsuit-alleges-chiquita-responsible-deaths-thousands-colombian-civili-0 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-11/AP070314051122.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Today, for our occasional <a href="http://www.wbez.org/foodmondays"><em>Food Monday</em></a> series, we’re exploring another chapter in the long and sordid story of the banana. <a href="http://www.chiquita.com/">Chiquita </a>Brands International <a href="http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2007/March/07_nsd_161.html">paid a criminal fine of $25 million to the U.S. Justice Department</a> for paying the AUC, the right-wing paramilitary force in Colombia, designated a terrorist group by the U.S. Government. Last month, a federal judge in Florida allowed a lawsuit to proceed against Chiquita Brands International that alleges the American food giant’s payments led to the deaths of thousands of banana workers and civilians. Before the break, we heard from one of the lead attorneys for the plaintiffs in the suit. Now it’s the defense’s turn.</p><p>Attorney <a href="http://www.cov.com/jhall/">John Hall</a>, with the law firm Covington and Burling, represents Chiquita in the lawsuit and outlines the company's defense.</p></p> Mon, 11 Jul 2011 17:27:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/lawsuit-alleges-chiquita-responsible-deaths-thousands-colombian-civili-0 Lawsuit alleges Chiquita responsible for the deaths of thousands of Colombian civilians - Part 1: The plaintiffs http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/lawsuit-alleges-chiquita-responsible-deaths-thousands-colombian-civilian <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/segment/photo/2011-July/2011-07-11/AP00051202152.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Today, in another segment of our occasional <em><a href="http://www.wbez.org/foodmondays">Food Mondays</a></em> series we revisit the long and sordid story of the banana.In 2007, Chiquita Brands International <a href="http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2007/March/07_nsd_161.html">paid a criminal fine of $25 million to the U.S. Justice Department</a> for paying the AUC, the right-wing paramilitary force in Colombia, designated a terrorist group by the U.S. Government. The fine was followed by a civil suit that alleges Chiquita’s payments led to thousands of banana workers’ and civilian deaths. A federal judge recently allowed most of the suit to proceed.</p><p>Later we’ll interview John Hall, Chiquita Foods International’s lead attorney who defends the company’s actions. But first we speak to <a href="http://www.conradscherer.com/profile.asp?ID=4">Terry Collingsworth</a>, one of the lawsuit’s lead attorneys.</p></p> Mon, 11 Jul 2011 17:03:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2011-07-11/lawsuit-alleges-chiquita-responsible-deaths-thousands-colombian-civilian