WBEZ | 2010 census http://www.wbez.org/tags/2010-census Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Four Illinois communities file census challenges http://www.wbez.org/story/four-illinois-communities-file-census-challenges-88521 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-June/2011-06-29/98183804.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>At least four Illinois communities say their 2010 census counts are too low.&nbsp;</p><p>The once-a-decade tally is used to dole out nearly $450 billion in federal aid nationwide. Local officials say with tighter budgets they're more sensitive to drop offs in funding.&nbsp;</p><p>The Illinois communities are among 18 nationwide filing challenges. They are Clinton, DeKalb, Edwardsville and South Jacksonville, which the census shows had 3,331 people in the 2010 count. That's down 144 from 2000.&nbsp;</p><p>South Jacksonville Mayor Gordon Jumper says the issue in his central Illinois village is clear. While the count was being conducted a major apartment complex was being remodeled, temporarily displacing many of the 1,000 people who live there.&nbsp;</p><p>In 2000, there were 1,200 challenges filed by cities and counties. More are expected this year.</p></p> Wed, 29 Jun 2011 19:32:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/four-illinois-communities-file-census-challenges-88521 Chicago aldermen push for Census recount http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/chicago-aldermen-push-census-recount-85156 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-April/2011-04-13/P1000563.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>A Chicago alderman is asking the U.S. Census Bureau for a re-do. The 2nd Ward's Bob Fioretti and 44 other aldermen introduced a resolution urging the agency to do a re-count of the city's population.</p><p>New Census figures show Chicago lost about 200,000 residents over the past decade - a seven percent drop.<br> <br> "It translates into hundreds of millions of dollars over a ten-year period that will affect the city of Chicago," Fioretti said Wednesday. "It will impact on everything we do - from roads, new construction. So if we can find the numbers, we ought to have a recount."<br> <br> Fioretti pointed out that leaders in Detroit have said they plan to appeal their city's numbers. According to the Census, Detroit lost about a quarter of its population between 2000 and 2010.<br> <br> But Chicago Mayor Richard Daley is not interested in a recount. Told of Fioretti's resolution, Daley said the Census is done, and the issue is finished.<br> <br> "You know, they had a thorough - we had a really outreach program. I mean, we've done everything possible. That's over with," Daley said.<br> <br> A spokesman for the Census Bureau noted that cities can file official complaints to the population counts starting in June.<br> <br> Of course, any changes would likely happen too late for this year's redistricting process. The slow growth of Illinois' population resulted in a lost seat in the U.S. House.</p></p> Wed, 13 Apr 2011 22:15:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/chicago-aldermen-push-census-recount-85156 Detroit: A boom town goes bust http://www.wbez.org/blog/city-room-blog/2011-03-23/detroit-boom-town-goes-bust-84135 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2011-March/2011-03-23/Detroit Skyline Flickr Luke Duncan.JPG" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img style="width: 491px; height: 369px;" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-March/2011-03-23/Detroit Skyline Flickr Luke Duncan.JPG" alt="" title="" /></p><p style="text-align: left;">For almost a half century last century, Detroit was a boom town. Between 1910 and 1950, few cities grew faster, were wealthier, were more attractive to those seeking success than what became known as the Motor City.</p><p>But for the past 60 years, the decline has been long and relatively slow &mdash; until the year 2000. Since then, Detroit has lost one-quarter of its population, as the<a href="http://www.changinggears.info/2011/03/22/like-other-places-in-the-midwest-michigan-cities-shed-population/"> 2010 census figures</a> released on Tuesday showed.</p><p>The reasons for its decline are numerous, but can be summed up in two words: jobs, and demographics. In 1950, when Detroit had 1.8 million people, about 200,000 were employed in manufacturing, according to <a href="http://history.osu.edu/people/view/AllFac/665">Kevin Boyle</a>, the author and professor of history at Ohio State University, who is a native Detroiter. That was about one of out every 10 people in the city.</p><p>Now, fewer than 20,000 of Detroit&rsquo;s remaining 714,000 people work in manufacturing, or about one in 50 residents.</p><p><img width="300" vspace="7" hspace="7" height="204" align="left" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-March/2011-03-23/detroit-2-300x204.jpg" />Sixty years ago, car makers from Chrysler to Cadillac, Studebaker to Dodge had plants in or near the city limits. There were hundreds more parts plants, steel mills, foundries and parts depots, where the products built in Detroit factories were sorted and sent on to the vast networks operated by the auto companies across the country.</p><p>People in all parts of the city could walk to work, or take a streetcar or bus. Some of them chose to drive, because they earned enough to afford to vehicles they were making (something their parents and grandparents might not have been able to do).</p><p>Professor Boyle says that in Detroit&rsquo;s glory years, from 1910 to 1950, the city was a boom town, equal to any of the gold rush towns of the American West.</p><p>It has a mirror in Calumet, Mich., known as Copper Town, which swelled in <a href="http://www.uppermichigan.com/coppertown/history.html">population </a>as high as 70,000 people between the late 1800s and early 1900s when people from all over the country swarmed there to work in the copper mines of the Upper Peninsula. (Legend has it that in 1910, one out of every 10 people in Calumet was a millionaire.)</p><p><img width="150" vspace="7" hspace="7" height="150" align="right" alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/insert-image/2011-March/2011-03-23/big_map2-150x150.jpg" /></p> <p>Visit Calumet, now a town of 799, and the mansions built by those mining barons remain, as does the impressive opera house. But like Detroit, it is another ghost town with a glorious past.</p> <p>Now, there are just two big car factories left in Detroit, Chrysler&rsquo;s Jefferson North Assembly Plant on the east side, and General Motors&rsquo; Detroit-Hamtramck assembly plant just north of I-94. While some of those smaller factories remain, dozens are empty, their structures dotting the city&rsquo;s landscape like dandelions on a spring lawn. All that&nbsp; presents an enormous challenge to Mayor Dave Bing in his efforts to <a href="http://www.changinggears.info/2011/02/14/leadership-dave-bing-reimagines-detroit/">reinvent</a> the city.</p> <p>Some of that job decline actually was due to the auto companies&rsquo; growth strategies. From the 1940s to the 1990s, the auto companies branched out across the country, pursuing a strategy of building vehicles closer to their customers. The jobs that might automatically have gone to Detroit, or in G.M.&rsquo;s case, to Flint, Mich., instead went to places such as Doraville, Ga., Framingham, Mass., Tarrytown, N.Y., St. Louis, Fremont, Calif., and elsewhere.</p> <p>Many of those outlying factories are now closed, too, but there was a key difference. A car plant was part of those places&rsquo; economy, not its sole focus. In Detroit, the car plants and everything they fed became the dominant force.&nbsp;</p><p>Beyond the job loss, demographics played a role in the shift away from Detroit. A century ago, as planners were looking at where the city could grow, they envisioned three centers of commerce: downtown, the <a href="http://www.newcenter.com/">New Center</a> area about 10 minutes drive north, and a third area in northwest Detroit, the area known as<a href="http://www.palmerwoods.org/"> Palmer Woods</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>The first two areas, and surrounding neighborhoods, filled in by World War II and the thought was that the third area, from New Center to the city&rsquo;s northwest boundaries, would then come to life after the war.&nbsp;</p><p>But as veterans returned, and their families were born, the suburbs beckoned. Rather than move back to their city neighborhoods, they headed beyond Detroit&rsquo;s borders. That demographic change, as much as the &ldquo;white flight&rdquo; so talked about after the Detroit riots of 1967, had an equally important influence on the city&rsquo;s drop in population.</p><p>Those shifts were underway well before 2000. They help explain what led up to the latest, and stunning drop, in the city&rsquo;s population. But why leave now? And where did those people go?</p><p>Those are questions we will be looking at over the next few weeks at Changing Gears. If you&rsquo;ve left Detroit in the past 10 years, we&rsquo;d like to hear from you. Where are you living now? Why did you leave? If you&rsquo;re still there, tell us why, too, and what you&rsquo;d like to see happen in your city.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><em>Micki Maynard is Senior Editor of <a href="http://www.changinggears.info">Changing Gears</a>, a public media project about the future of the industrial Midwest.&nbsp; It's a collaboration between WBEZ Chicago, Michigan Radio, and Ideastream in Cleveland, and is funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.</em>&nbsp;</p></p> Wed, 23 Mar 2011 16:12:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/city-room-blog/2011-03-23/detroit-boom-town-goes-bust-84135 As Chicago's population falls, could Houston someday give us a problem? http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/2011-02-16/chicagos-population-falls-could-houston-someday-give-us-problem-82401 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/untitled shoot-001.jpg" alt="" /><p><p style="text-align: center;"><img height="380" width="454" title="" alt="" src="http://www.wbez.org/sites/default/files/blog/insert-image/2011-February/2011-02-16/untitled shoot-001.jpg" /></p><p>In <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/2011-02-15/chica-grow-should-creating-significantly-more-populous-city-be-chicagos-prio">yesterday's post</a> I discussed the need for population growth in Chicago and the timing couldn't have been better--or worse; I can't decide. That's because the U.S. Census released figures later in the day showing the city's population fell by 200,000 souls since the year 2000.</p><p>That's a 7 percent drop. And in contrast to the white-flight that reduced the city's population by 600,000 between 1960 and 1980, it is now African Americans who are leaving the city in large numbers. The black population in Chicago went from 1.065 million in 2000 to 888,000 now.</p><p>With a population <a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chibrknews-new-census-data-show-chicago-population-decline-20110215,0,3579208.story">of 2,695,598</a>, according to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city is a hair smaller now than it was in 1920. The population was 2.7 million then and would grow by almost a million over the next 30 years before begining its decline, falling from the nation's second largest city to its third.</p><p>But could we someday fall to number 4?</p><p>New census figures for Houston have not been released as of this writing, but I am curious about what numbers they could tell. The Texas city was the nation's 45th largest in 1920 and has sat at number 4--right behind Chicago--since 1990. Houston's population was 1.6 million in 1990 and grew to 2.25 million according to an current-day estimate on the state of Texas' website. Actual census figures, when released, would reveal a truer population spread between the two cities. It might be unlikely Houston will catch us in population now, but if that city's growth and our population decline continues, Chicago might well be the 4th largest city in 2020.</p><p>This is critical issue for Chicago--or it should be. And its not about bragging rights over size either. A shrinking city is ultimately a decaying city, and one that becomes increasingly expensive to sustain and even harder to redevelop. Catch the Metra Rock Island southward from the LaSalle Street station, if you get a chance, and you'll see vast amounts of vacant land along the line.&nbsp;Neighborhoods just cored out by the acre from 47th to near 67th--quite reflective of the population losses reported in the census. How do we fix that?&nbsp;&nbsp;And when?</p><p>It is time for a plan--and it is a perfect issue for a new mayor--that identifies and sets up ways and incentives to substanially grow Chicago's population throughout the city over the next 25 to 50 years. Without some kind of effort like this, the population won't stay stagnant; the 2010 census figures show that population will instead ebb. And if that loss persists, it will likely take with it much of spirit and energy that made this city great.</p><p>If Chicago is to remain a city of sigificance, the time for action is now.</p></p> Wed, 16 Feb 2011 12:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blog/lee-bey/2011-02-16/chicagos-population-falls-could-houston-someday-give-us-problem-82401 Chicago's surprisingly steep population loss http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/chicagos-surprisingly-steep-population-loss <p><p>The city of Chicago lost nearly seven percent of its population over the past decade, according to U.S. Census data released Tuesday.</p><p>Chicago had close to 2.9 million residents in 2000. According to the 2010 census, there are now 200,000 fewer Chicagoans.<br /><br />&quot;The population of Chicago dropped considerably more than was expected given the estimates during the decade from 2000 to 2009, so that was something of a surprise,&quot; said Ken Johnson, a demographer at the University of New Hampshire who used to work at Loyola University Chicago.<br /><br />&quot;The other interesting piece of data for Chicago is going to be that the black population of Chicago dropped quite significantly,&quot; Johnson said.<br /><br />That represents the bulk of the city's net population loss.<br /><br />All this data will be key as lawmakers redraw legislative boundaries this year, especially given that Illinois will lose a seat in the U.S. House.<br /><br />The numbers released Tuesday also show that the population of suburban Cook County mostly held steady, while some other counties in the area saw big booms.<br /><br />&quot;Kendall County's population doubled,&quot; Johnson noted. &quot;Will County went up by 175,000.&quot;<br /><br />Johnson suggested those increases would probably have been even higher if not for the recession slowing growth at the end of the decade.</p></p> Tue, 15 Feb 2011 06:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/chicagos-surprisingly-steep-population-loss Census could fuel case for new Latino Congressional district http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/census-could-fuel-case-new-latino-congressional-district <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/HispanicCaucus.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Illinois may be losing a Congressional seat, but new census figures could be good news for the state&rsquo;s Latinos. <br /><br />A U.S. Census Bureau estimate for 2009 suggests the number of Latinos in the state had grown by almost 440,000 since 2000. Census figures coming out early next year are expected to show those residents concentrated in the Chicago area.<br /><br />If so, the U.S. Voting Rights Act might require Illinois to create its second mostly Latino Congressional district, according to attorney Virginia Martínez of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund.<br /><br />&ldquo;We need to ensure that our voice is not diluted by drawing lines that cut up our community,&rdquo; Martínez said. &ldquo;It impacts everything that affects us -- the future of immigration reform, lunch meals served to our children in schools.&rdquo;<br /><br />Martínez worked on a pair of 1981 lawsuits that led to the first Latino aldermanic ward in Chicago and the first Latino legislative district in Illinois. By 1992, the state had its first Latino Congressional district, represented ever since by Luis Gutiérrez, D-Chicago.<br /><br />Martínez said a second Latino Congressional district would not have to come at the expense of African Americans. That is because Latinos have been settling in areas that had been mainly white, she said.</p></p> Wed, 29 Dec 2010 20:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/2010-census/census-could-fuel-case-new-latino-congressional-district