WBEZ | Denmark http://www.wbez.org/tags/denmark Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en How the NATO peoples helped settle Chicago, Part 2 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 <p><p>Today we continue the capsule stories of how people from the 28 NATO countries helped build Chicago. The final part will be posted tomorrow.</p><p><strong>Albania</strong>—Chicago has never had a large Albanian population, and no real Albanian neighborhoods. The most prominent local person of Albanian ancestry was probably comedian John Belushi, who grew up in Wheaton.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Albania-St.%20Nicholas.JPG" title="St. Nicholas Albanian Orthodox Church--2701 N. Narragansett Ave."></div><p><strong>Croatia</strong>—Because Croatia didn’t become independent until 1991, Chicago’s Croatians were commonly classified as “Yugoslavians.” Most of the local community life was centered around a few parishes, such as St. Jerome’s in Armour Square. Mayor Michael Bilandic and Alderman Ed Vrdolyak are the city’s most famous Croatians.</p><p><strong>Denmark</strong>—Most of the Chicago’s earliest Danish immigrants settled along the axis of Milwaukee Avenue, close to other Scandinavians. By 1910 there were nearly 20,000 Danes in the city, the majority of them located near North Avenue in Humboldt Park. From there the newer generations moved northwest and gradually dispersed.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Denmark-Danish%20Home.jpg" title="The Danish Home--5656 N. Newcastle Ave."></div><p><strong>Greece</strong>—Greeks began arriving in the city as early as 1840. By the turn of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, a thriving community called the Delta was established around the area of Harrison and Halsted. Unlike most other ethnic groups, a large percentage of Greek immigrants remained in America only long enough to make their fortune, then returned to their native land. But enough of them stayed to make Chicago’s Greek settlement one of the country’s biggest.</p><p>Today over 100,000 people of Greek descent live in metro Chicago. During the 1960s, the new University of Illinois campus displaced many residents, and the Greek community dispersed to such areas as Lincoln Square. However, a remnant of the city’s historic Greektown remains on the Near West Side, along Halsted just north of the university. &nbsp;</p><p><strong>Iceland</strong>—In all the years I’ve been in Chicago, I’ve only known one person of Icelandic descent. It was the early 1970s, and she lived near Diversey and Central—which you might say made Cragin the city’s Icelandic neighborhood. If there are any more Icelanders out there, let me know.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Norway-Rockne%20%28LofC%29.jpg" style="float: right; height: 339px; width: 250px;" title="A Norwegian immigrant to Chicago: Knute Rockne (Library of Congress)"></div><p><strong>Norway</strong>—Norwegians were among the earliest immigrants to put down roots in Chicago. They lived along Milwaukee Avenue, mainly in Logan Square. By 1900 there were over 40,000 Norwegians in Chicago, including future football legend Knute Rockne. Though the community is no longer concentrated in one area, a Norwegian Constitution Day Parade is staged annually in Park Ridge.</p><p><strong>Poland</strong>—Chicago’s first wave of Polish immigrants started arriving in the 1850s. They settled on the near Northwest Side. St. Stanislaus Kostka parish was founded in 1864, and as more people came, other churches were built. Business, cultural, and political organizations sprang up. The area near Milwaukee and Division became known as Polish Downtown.</p><p>During the 20<sup>th</sup> century, Poles began moving up Milwaukee Avenue toward Niles. Meanwhile, Polish enclaves developed in Back of the Yards, South Chicago, Hegewisch, and other areas. The Poles became the city’s largest ethnic group, and Chicago was said to be "the second biggest Polish city in the world."</p><p>Today the Chicago area counts about 1.5 million people of Polish ancestry. The community has dispersed, though many Poles still live along the Milwaukee Avenue corridor. The Polish Museum of America is located near the onetime Polish Downtown.</p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/ZZ-Poland-family%20group%2C%201907.jpg" title="Polish family group, 1907. (Author's collection)"></div><p><strong>Portugal</strong>—Portugal sent an official delegation to the 1893 Columbian Exposition. Yet as late as 1940 there were only 47 Portuguese residents in all of Cook County. The current metro population is said to be about 3,000.</p><p><strong>Spain</strong>—Though Chicago’s Hispanic community is large, the number of ethnic Spaniards has always been very small. The latest estimate puts the number of Spaniards in the Chicago metro area at about 500.</p></p> Wed, 16 May 2012 07:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/john-r-schmidt/2012-05/how-nato-peoples-helped-settle-chicago-part-2-99028 Chicago man convicted of helping terrorists wants new trial http://www.wbez.org/story/chicago-man-convicted-helping-terrorists-wants-new-trial-92226 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-September/2011-09-20/AP110523038187.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>A Chicagoan convicted of helping terrorists plan an attack is asking for a new trial.</p><p>In some new court filings, Tahawwur Rana’s lawyers argue his trial was not fair. They say jurors were confused by the complex nature of the case.</p><p>Earlier this year, Rana spent more than two weeks on trial in a federal courtroom in Chicago. A jury found him guilty on two counts. He was convicted on one count for supporting terrorists, particularly a pro-Pakistan, anti-India organization that the U.S. government classifies as a terrorist group. The other guilty count was for helping his friend plan an attack on a newspaper in Denmark; the paper that published a cartoon of the Muslim prophet Mohammed.</p><p>In the motion for a new trial filed Monday, Rana’s attorneys write that the jury showed confusion when they sent a letter to the judge during deliberations. The letter asked whether two of Rana’s co-defendants who were not on trial were part of a terrorist group.</p><p>“As the jury was confused as to the nature of the involvement of certain principal actors, it stands to reason that they were also confused about the nature of the allegations,” Rana’s attorneys write in their motion.</p><p>The jury acquitted Rana of the most serious charge: supporting the 2008 Mumbai, India attacks in which 164 people were killed.</p><p>Rana could face up to 30 years in prison for his two guilty counts. He has remained in federal custody while awaiting sentencing.</p></p> Tue, 20 Sep 2011 17:10:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/chicago-man-convicted-helping-terrorists-wants-new-trial-92226 Jury begins deliberations in Chicago terrorism case http://www.wbez.org/story/jury-begins-deliberations-chicago-terrorism-case-87549 <p><p>Jurors are scheduled to begin deliberating Wednesday in the trial of a Chicago man accused of helping terrorists.</p><p>When the jurors start deliberating, they'll be asking what Tahawwur Rana knew. Did he know he was supporting a terrorist group in Pakistan? And did he know his Devon Avenue immigration company was being used as cover to help terrorists do reconnaissance work in Mumbai, India and Copenhagen, Denmark to plan attacks?</p><p>A lot of the trial hinged on the testimony of David Headley, who admitted to doing that recon work and testified against Rana. But he has a sketchy past that Rana's defense exploited. Prosecutor Dan Collins told jurors that, even without Headley's testimony, Rana's emails and conversations with Headley showed he knew what was up.</p><p>Rana's attorney, Charles Swift, told reporters otherwise.</p><p>"The emails show exactly what was going on," Swift said. "It shows that Dr. Rana was systematically cut out of any information that might be criminal."</p><p>Swift said Headley duped Rana for 30 years, using him for money and help with immigration papers without cluing Rana in on what he was up to.</p></p> Wed, 08 Jun 2011 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/jury-begins-deliberations-chicago-terrorism-case-87549 Attorneys for accused terrorist continue cross-examination of star witness http://www.wbez.org/story/attorneys-accused-terrorist-continue-cross-examination-star-witness-87103 <p><p>An admitted terrorist is starting his second week on the witness stand Tuesday in the trial against a Chicago man. David Headley is a key witness in the case against Tahawwur Rana, who's accused of helping Headley plan terrorist attacks in India and Denmark.</p><p>Rana's defense attorneys say Headley was a master manipulator and even very funny. They say Headley bought funny-looking hats in Copenhagan, Denmark as a sort of souvenir when he was there to scope out the offices of a newspaper that printed cartoons many Muslims found offensive. Headley said he gave those hats to his co-conspirators as a joke. But defense attorneys point out he didn't give one to Rana. They say Rana wasn't involved in the Denmark plot and never supported terrorist groups with which Headley was associated.</p><p>Prosecutors say Rana never carried a gun, but still played a role in helping move terrorist plots forward.</p></p> Tue, 31 May 2011 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/attorneys-accused-terrorist-continue-cross-examination-star-witness-87103 Attorneys begin arguments in Chicago terror trial http://www.wbez.org/story/attorneys-begin-arguments-chicago-terror-trial-86894 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-May/2011-05-23/rana.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Updated: 11:44 PM CDT</p><p>Opening day in the trial of Tahawwur Rana ended with the government's star witness still on the stand.</p><p>Federal prosecutors allege Rana provided material support for David Headley Coleman, who helped plan the 2008 attacks in Mumbai, India.&nbsp; In a raid in November 2008, attackers killed at least 164 people in Mumbai, including six Americans.</p><p>Prosecutors also say Rana helped coordinate a thwarted attack on a Danish newspaper that printed cartoons of the Muslim prophet Mohammad.</p><p>Coleman is testifying against Rana, after pleading guilty to avoid the death penalty, or extradition to India, Pakistan, or Denmark.</p><p><strong>The Mumbai Attacks</strong></p><p>According to Headley's testimony and an indictment from federal prosecutors, Rana, a Pakistani-born Canadian citizen living in Chicago, knew Headley was involved with Lashkar e Taiba, a group the U.S. government considers a terrorist organization based in Pakistan.</p><p>Headley says he traveled to Mumbai five times between September 2006 and July 2008 to conduct surveillance work before the attacks.</p><p>During Monday's testimony, Headley repeatedly said he worked closely with Lashkar, as well as members of Pakistan's intelligence agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence, or ISI.&nbsp; His point man was allegedly an ISI agent known only as "Major Iqbal." Headley said he briefed Major Iqbal after each of his trips to India.&nbsp; He also said he regularly updated Rana on these meetings.&nbsp; Neither Major Iqbal or several other co-defendents listed in a federal indictment are under U.S. custody.&nbsp; It's not believed that the American government knows the exact identity of Major Iqbal.</p><p>Testimony ended on Monday with Coleman discussing landing plans for the seaborne attack in Mumbai - plans he says were aided by a member of Pakistan's Navy.&nbsp; Calls to the Pakistani Embassy were not immediately returned, but Pakistani officials have been quoted anonymously in various published reports dismissing Headley's credibility, or blaming "rogue" agents.</p><p><strong>Opening Statements</strong></p><p>In her opening statement, prosecutor Sarah Streicker said the government will show through the course of the trial that Rana played a critical, but behind-the-scenes role in the plots. Prosecutors say he used his immigration company, First World Immigration Services, as cover to help his friend, Headley, travel and set up shop to India, Denmark and Pakistan to do surveillance and planning work for the two attacks.</p><p>Meanwhile, Charles Swift, a defense attorney for Rana, told the jury in his opening statements that Rana had no idea what Headley was up to. Swift said Rana had the unfortunate circumstance of being friends with Headley, but he did not help plan any terror attacks.</p><p><strong>The Denmark Plot</strong></p><p>After the Mumbai attack, prosecutors allege Rana and Headley turned their attention to the Danish daily newspaper Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten, which printed editorial cartoons of the Muslim prophet Mohammad that many Muslims found offensive.</p><p>Prosecutors say Headley traveled to Denmark posing as a representative of Rana’s immigration company, First World Immigration Services, to express an interest in advertising with the newspaper.</p><p>In all, they say Headley made at least 13 surveillance videos in a plan targeted at an editor and an editorial cartoonist at the newspaper. According to the indictment, Rana posed as Headley in an email to the newspaper expressing interest in placing the ad. Headley was arrested in early October 2009 at O’Hare International Airport just before prosecutors say he was about to leave for Pakistan. Rana was arrested shortly afterward.</p><p><strong>"Secret Evidence"</strong></p><p>During pre-trial proceedings, many motions and documents had been filed under seal, meaning the public does not have access to them. In some circumstances, <a href="http://www.wbez.org/story/news/handling-classified-info-chicago">Rana’s defense attorneys did not have access to the court filings, under a provision called the Classified Information Procedures Act, or CIPA.</a>&nbsp; There's been speculation about whether some of this information could reveal more on whether officials in the Pakistani governnment knew about the attacks.</p><p>If convicted, Rana faces a maximum sentence of life in prison, though Indian news reports say the Indian government wants Rana transferred to that control after the trial. Rana’s defense attorney, Patrick Blegen, told reporters recently that he had not heard anything from the Indian government about turning over his client to Indian authorities after his trial in the U.S.</p></p> Mon, 23 May 2011 11:37:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/attorneys-begin-arguments-chicago-terror-trial-86894 Opening arguments to begin in Chicago terror trial http://www.wbez.org/story/opening-arguments-begin-chicago-terror-trial-86844 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-May/2011-05-20/P1000792.JPG" alt="" /><p><p>Attorneys are scheduled to make their opening statements Monday in the trial of a Chicago man accused of helping plan terrorist attacks.</p><p>Defense attorney Charles Swift says his client, Tahawwur Rana, is guilty of one thing: "to be friends with David Headley," Swift said to reporters last week, giving a preview of his opening statements.</p><p>Both David Headley and Rana lived in Chicago and both were charged with helping plan the 2008 attack in Mumbai, India that killed at least 164 people. They were also charged for plotting an attack on a Danish newspaper that printed cartoons of the Muslim prophet Mohammad.</p><p>Headley has pleaded guilty and agreed to testify against Rana.</p><p>"Mr. Rana didn't do anything to actively support the Mumbai conspiracy or the Denmark conspiracy; that he had the unfortunate part of being friends with a terrorist," Swift said.</p><p>The case has generated a lot of interest among international reporters because it could shed light on Pakistani intelligence. The trial is expected to last a month.</p></p> Mon, 23 May 2011 10:00:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/opening-arguments-begin-chicago-terror-trial-86844 Danish Authorities Say They Foiled 'Imminent Terror Attack' http://www.wbez.org/story/denmark/danish-authorities-say-they-foiled-imminent-terror-attack <p><p>"Denmark's intelligence service on Wednesday arrested four people suspected of planning an 'imminent'' terror attack against a newspaper that printed the controversial Prophet Muhammad cartoons," <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=132433767" target="_blank">the Associated Press writes</a>.</p><p>The <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12089543" target="_blank">BBC says</a> "a pistol fitted with a silencer was found on the group held in Denmark."</p><p>A fifth suspect has been arrested in Sweden.</p><p>Jakob Scharf, the head of the Danish Security and Intelligence Service, tells reporters that "an imminent terror attack has been foiled" and more arrests may be coming.</p><p>Muslims around the world staged sometimes violent protests after the <em>Jyllands-Posten</em> newspaper published the cartoons in 2005. Copyright 2010 National Public Radio. To see more, visit <a href="http://www.npr.org/">http://www.npr.org/</a>.<img src="http://metrics.npr.org/b/ss/nprapidev/5/1293640983?&gn=Danish+Authorities+Say+They+Foiled+%27Imminent+Terror+Attack%27&ev=event2&ch=103943429&h1=terrorism,Denmark,Foreign+News,The+Two-Way,Europe,World,Home+Page+Top+Stories,News&c3=D%3Dgn&v3=D%3Dgn&c4=132434333&c7=1001&v7=D%3Dc7&c18=1001&v18=D%3Dc18&c19=20101229&v19=D%3Dc19&c20=1&v20=D%3Dc20&c45=MDA0OTc2MjAwMDEyNjk0NDE4OTI2NmUwNQ001"/></p></p> Wed, 29 Dec 2010 08:52:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/denmark/danish-authorities-say-they-foiled-imminent-terror-attack