WBEZ | DNA http://www.wbez.org/tags/dna Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Morning Shift: Some have to work harder to want to workout http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2014-01-15/morning-shift-some-have-work-harder-want-workout <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/Cover Flickr sun dazed.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Dr. Tim Lightfoot explains how some of us are genetically predisposed to skip a workout. Writer and urbanist Richard Florida breaks down the states in terms of physical fitness. And, Otaak Band puts a Sudanese spin on belting the blues.&nbsp;</p><div class="storify"><iframe src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-some-have-to-work-harder-to-want-to/embed?header=false" width="100%" height=750 frameborder=no allowtransparency=true></iframe><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-some-have-to-work-harder-to-want-to.js?header=false"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/morning-shift-some-have-to-work-harder-to-want-to" target="_blank">View the story "Morning Shift: Some have to work harder to want to workout" on Storify</a>]</noscript></div></p> Wed, 15 Jan 2014 10:19:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/programs/morning-shift-tony-sarabia/2014-01-15/morning-shift-some-have-work-harder-want-workout Cook County will collect DNA swabs at jail http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-will-collect-dna-swabs-jail-107519 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/scotus_flickr_markFischer.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart says his department will start collecting DNA swabs from suspects in jail for serious crimes, including murder and sexual assault, after a U.S. Supreme Court decision cleared the way for police to take the samples.</p><p>Dart says swabs from people indicted for murder, home invasion and various sex crimes will start being collected July 1. They&#39;ll be submitted to the state police&#39;s crime labs for inclusion in a database. The department says at least 1,000 swabs will be collected from inmates now in the Chicago jail.</p><p>He says a state law passed last year allows the collection of DNA swabs from jail inmates, but he waited until the high court ruled on the issue.</p><p>That ruling was handed down Monday.</p><p>The sharply divided Supreme Court cleared the way for police to take a DNA swab from anyone they arrest for a serious crime, endorsing a practice now followed by more than half the states as well as the federal government.</p><p>The justices differed strikingly on how big a step that was.</p><p>&quot;Taking and analyzing a cheek swab of the arrestee DNA is, like fingerprinting and photographing, a legitimate police booking procedure that is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment,&quot; Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote for the court&#39;s five-justice majority. The ruling backed a Maryland law allowing DNA swabbing of people arrested for serious crimes.</p><p>But the four dissenting justices said the court was allowing a major change in police powers, with conservative Justice Antonin Scalia predicting the limitation to &quot;serious&quot; crimes would not last.</p><p>&quot;Make no mistake about it: Because of today&#39;s decision, your DNA can be taken and entered into a national database if you are ever arrested, rightly or wrongly, and for whatever reason,&quot; Scalia said in a sharp dissent which he read aloud in the courtroom. &quot;This will solve some extra crimes, to be sure. But so would taking your DNA when you fly on an airplane &mdash; surely the TSA must know the &#39;identity&#39; of the flying public. For that matter, so would taking your children&#39;s DNA when they start public school.&quot;</p><p>Maryland Attorney General Doug Gansler agreed that there&#39;s nothing stopping his state from expanding DNA collection from those arrested for serious crimes to those arrested for lesser ones like shoplifting.</p><p>&quot;I don&#39;t advocate expanding the crimes for which you take DNA, but the legal analysis would be the same,&quot; Gansler said. &quot;The reason why Maryland chooses to only take DNA of violent criminals is that you&#39;re more likely to get a hit on a previous case. Shoplifters don&#39;t leave DNA behind, rapists do, and so you&#39;re much more likely to get the hit in a rape case.&quot;</p><p>Twenty-eight states and the federal government now take DNA swabs after arrests. But a Maryland court said it was illegal for that state to take Alonzo King&#39;s DNA without approval from a judge, ruling that King had &quot;a sufficiently weighty and reasonable expectation of privacy against warrantless, suspicionless searches&quot; under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution.</p><p>The high court&#39;s decision reverses that ruling and reinstates King&#39;s rape conviction, which came after police took his DNA during an unrelated arrest.</p><p>Kennedy, who is often considered the court&#39;s swing vote, wrote the decision along with conservative-leaning Chief Justice John Roberts and Justices Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas. They were joined by liberal-leaning Justice Stephen Breyer, while the dissenters were the conservative-leaning Scalia and liberal Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.</p><p>Kennedy called collecting DNA useful for police in identifying individuals.</p><p>&quot;The use of DNA for identification is no different than matching an arrestee&#39;s face to a wanted poster of a previously unidentified suspect, or matching tattoos to known gang symbols to reveal a criminal affiliation, or matching the arrestee&#39;s fingerprints to those recovered from a crime scene,&quot; Kennedy said. &quot;DNA is another metric of identification used to connect the arrestee with his or her public persona, as reflected in records of his or her actions that are available to police.&quot;</p><p>But the American Civil Liberties Union said the court&#39;s ruling created &quot;a gaping new exception to the Fourth Amendment.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The Fourth Amendment has long been understood to mean that the police cannot search for evidence of a crime &mdash; and all nine justices agreed that DNA testing is a search &mdash; without individualized suspicion,&quot; said Steven R. Shapiro, the group&#39;s legal director. &quot;Today&#39;s decision eliminates that crucial safeguard. At the same time, it&#39;s important to recognize that other state laws on DNA testing are even broader than Maryland&#39;s and may present issues that were not resolved by today&#39;s ruling.&quot;</p><p>Maryland&#39;s DNA collection law only allows police to take DNA from those arrested for serious offenses such as murder, rape, assault, burglary and other crimes of violence. In his ruling, Kennedy did not say whether the court&#39;s decision was limited to those crimes, but he did note that other states&#39; DNA collection laws differ from Maryland&#39;s.</p><p>Scalia saw that as a crucial flaw. &quot;If you believe that a DNA search will identify someone arrested for bank robbery, you must believe that it will identify someone arrested for running a red light,&quot; he said.</p><p>Scott Berkowitz, president and founder of the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, cheered the decision and called DNA collection &quot;a detective&#39;s most valuable tool in solving rape cases.&quot;</p><p>&quot;We&#39;re very pleased that the court recognized the importance of DNA and decided that, like fingerprints, it can be collected from arrestees without violating any privacy rights,&quot; he said. &quot;Out of every 100 rapes in this country, only three rapists will spend a day behind bars. To make matters worse, rapists tend to be serial criminals, so every one left on the streets is likely to commit still more attacks. DNA is a tool we could not afford to lose.&quot;</p><p>Getting DNA swabs from criminals is common. All 50 states and the federal government take cheek swabs from convicted criminals to check against federal and state databanks, with the court&#39;s blessing. The fight at the Supreme Court was over whether that DNA collection could come before conviction and without a judge issuing a warrant.</p><p>According to court documents, the FBI&#39;s Combined DNA Index System or CODIS &mdash; a coordinated system of federal, state and local databases of DNA profiles &mdash; already contains more than 10 million criminal profiles and 1.1 million profiles of those arrested. According to the FBI, the DNA samples from people whose charges have been dismissed, who have been acquitted or against whom no charges have been brought are to be expunged from the federal system. But states and other municipalities that collect DNA make their own rules about what happens to their collections.</p><p>In the case before the court, a 53-year-old woman was raped and robbed but no one was arrested. Almost six years later, Alonzo King was arrested and charged with felony second-degree assault in a separate case. Relying on the Maryland law that allows warrantless DNA tests following some felony arrests, police took a cheek swab of King&#39;s DNA, which matched a sample from the 2003 Salisbury rape. King was convicted of rape and sentenced to life in prison.</p><p>King eventually pleaded guilty to a lesser charge of misdemeanor assault from his arrest, a crime for which Maryland cannot take warrantless DNA samples. The state court said King&#39;s rights therefore had been violated when the state took his DNA based on that arrest alone.</p><p>Maryland stopped collecting DNA after that decision, but Roberts allowed police to keep collecting DNA samples pending the high court&#39;s review.</p><p>The case is Maryland v. King, 12-207.</p></p> Tue, 04 Jun 2013 10:41:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/news/cook-county-will-collect-dna-swabs-jail-107519 Unknown Gacy victim identified http://www.wbez.org/story/unknown-gacy-victim-identified-94420 <p><p>New DNA evidence has helped Cook County investigators identify another victim of serial killer John Wayne Gacy.</p><p>Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart announced Tuesday that William George Bundy has been positively identified as one of Gacy's victims. Bundy was reported missing in 1976, and was possibly lured to Gacy with the promise of construction work.&nbsp; He was 19 at the time of his murder.</p><p>Bundy had previously been identified as Victim #19 - the nineteenth body to be removed from the crawlspace beneath Gacy's Northwest Side home, three days after Christmas in 1978.</p><p>Two of Bundy's surving siblings submitted to DNA tests after Dart's office launched a national campaign in October to put names to eight of Gacy's unidentified victims. Investigators had exhumed remains from each of the victims, and were looking for family members who could help make a DNA match. DNA from the cheek of Bundy's siblings helped positively identify him as a victim, Dart said.</p><p>"I know that the sorrow will eventually go away, and I'll have a place to visit him," said Laura O'Leary, Bundy's sister.</p><p>Bundy was a talented gymnast with lots of friends and female admirers, O'Leary said. She last saw him in 1976, when he left home to go to a party but never returned.</p><p>Twenty-six of Gacy's 33 victims have now been identified.</p><p>In October investigators discovered that 53-year-old Harold Wayne Lovell, thought to have been a Gacy victim, is alive and has been living in Florida.</p><p>Gacy was executed in 1994 for the murders.</p></p> Tue, 29 Nov 2011 16:38:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/unknown-gacy-victim-identified-94420 1982 Tylenol Poisonings and the Unabomber? http://www.wbez.org/story/1982-tylenol-poisonings-and-unabomber-86803 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/archives/images/cityroom/848_20090206a_large.png" alt="" /><p><p>The FBI and Chicago area police are turning their attention back to the unsolved 1982 Tylenol killings. The crimes left seven people in and around Chicago dead after the victims unknowingly took Tylenol poisoned with potassium cyanide. DNA samples are being sought from numerous potential suspects, including Ted Kaczynski, otherwise known as the Unabomber.</p><p>Chicago FBI spokesperson Ross Rice says new technology could yield new insight. "There've been tremendous strides as you know in forensic evidence since 1982. We have new investigators that are looking into interviews that were conducted, witness statements and just trying to determine if this case can be brought to its conclusion," he said.</p><p>The Unabomber has so far declined to voluntarily give samples of his DNA for the case, according to FBI spokeswoman Cynthia Yates.<br> &nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 19 May 2011 22:22:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/1982-tylenol-poisonings-and-unabomber-86803 Exonerated fathers: abolish death penalty in Illinois http://www.wbez.org/story/death-penalty/exonerated-fathers-illinois-should-put-end-death-penalty <p><p>A pair of Illinois men who were charged with killing their daughters but were cleared by DNA evidence said the state should put an end to the death penalty.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br />The <em>Chicago Sun-Times </em>reported that Kevin Fox and Jerry Hobbs said it should be required in murder cases to promptly test DNA in private laboratories. Hobbs said there were &quot;too many gaps in the system itself.&quot;<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br />A bill to abolish the death penalty in Illinois awaits the signature of Gov. Pat Quinn.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br />Hobbs spent five years in jail for the murders of his daughter and her friend. Kevin Fox spent eight months in jail in the death of his daughter Riley Fox. Both were cleared by DNA evidence.</p></p> Sun, 16 Jan 2011 16:18:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/death-penalty/exonerated-fathers-illinois-should-put-end-death-penalty DNA Evidence Clears Texas Man Who Spent 30 Years In Prison http://www.wbez.org/story/around-nation/dna-evidence-clears-texas-man-who-spent-30-years-prison <p><p>"You're free to go."</p><p>With those words from a judge, Cornelius  Dupree Jr. "was exonerated this morning in a Dallas courtroom," <a href="http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/010510dnmetexoneree.7f573b5f.html" target="_blank">the <em>Morning News</em> writes</a>.</p><p>The verdict, though, comes after Dupree already spent 30 years in prison "for a rape and robbery he didn't commit," <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=132642963" target="_blank">the Associated Press adds</a>.</p><p>"It's a joy to be free again," Dupree said after the judge's ruling (he has been out on parole since July; today's decision clears his record).</p><p>The 51-year-old Dupree was cleared of wrong-doing thanks to DNA evidence. According to the AP:</p><p><blockquote></p><p>"Nationally, only two others who have been exonerated by DNA evidence spent more time in prison, according to <a href="http://www.innocenceproject.org/" target="_blank">the Innocence Project</a>, a New York-based legal center representing Dupree that specializes in wrongful conviction cases. James Bain was wrongly imprisoned for 35 years in Florida, and Lawrence McKinney spent more than 31 years in a Tennessee prison."</p><p></blockquote> Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit <a href="http://www.npr.org/">http://www.npr.org/</a>.<img src="http://metrics.npr.org/b/ss/nprapidev/5/1294168932?&gn=DNA+Evidence+Clears+Texas+Man+Who+Spent+30+Years+In+Prison&ev=event2&ch=103943429&h1=DNA,Cornelius+Dupree+Jr.,National+News,The+Two-Way,Around+the+Nation,U.S.,Home+Page+Top+Stories,News&c3=D%3Dgn&v3=D%3Dgn&c4=132650399&c7=1001&v7=D%3Dc7&c18=1001&v18=D%3Dc18&c19=20110104&v19=D%3Dc19&c20=1&v20=D%3Dc20&c45=MDA0OTc2MjAwMDEyNjk0NDE4OTI2NmUwNQ001"/></p></p> Tue, 04 Jan 2011 10:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/story/around-nation/dna-evidence-clears-texas-man-who-spent-30-years-prison