WBEZ | inauguration http://www.wbez.org/tags/inauguration Latest from WBEZ Chicago Public Radio en Tentative plans for the Zulkey inauguration http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/tentative-plans-zulkey-inauguration-105069 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/3213236682_f307081baa.jpg" style="float: right; height: 333px; width: 250px;" title="Flickr/davitydave" />There will be constant Air Force jet flyovers with colored smoke, because those are awesome. Nobody will be able to hear anything but they will be too thrilled to care.</div><p>I will be preceded by marching band with a thousand male baton twirlers, because that would be interesting and unexpected.<br /><br />I will ride up in a magnificent carriage pulled by twelve gorgeous horses, because why don&rsquo;t we do things with horses anymore in America? Why do only British weddings get this?<br /><br />I will request that my friend <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdHojh9i6R4">Abraham Levitan</a> make up a humorous, inspiring song about me and my special day and that everyone in attendance memorize the lyrics and sing along.<br /><br />I will be wearing a gigantic hat as will everyone else in attendance since they will be mandatory. Hats will be provided if audience members don&rsquo;t bring their own.<br /><br />Hugh Jackman, Joel McHale and Conan O&rsquo;Brien will all simultaneously hold the Bible I swear in on. &nbsp;<br /><br />Paul McCartney will then sing &ldquo;Hey Jude&rdquo; but change the lyrics to &ldquo;Hey Claire.&rdquo;<br /><br />Solange Knowles will also perform just because Beyonce has had plenty of opportunities so far. Let the other one get a turn.<br /><br />My purse will be one of those small shopping bags women carry their lunches in because those are the best kind of bags.<br /><br />At the inaugural ball, mac and cheese, champagne and good chocolate chip cookies will all be served, alongside snack mix that does not contain either those little weird rice space-filling snackies nor sesame crackers because I hate those.</p></p> Tue, 22 Jan 2013 09:46:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/claire-zulkey/2013-01/tentative-plans-zulkey-inauguration-105069 Chicago's South Shore Drill Team performs in inaugural parade http://www.wbez.org/news/politics/chicagos-south-shore-drill-team-performs-inaugural-parade-105052 <p><p>The South Shore Drill Team is among the many Chicago groups in Washington, D.C. for the president&rsquo;s inauguration.&nbsp;Fifty-four members of the South Shore Drill team ranging in age from 12-to-21 made the trek to Washington to march in an inauguration parade.</p><p>&quot;We do military drills. They dance and do military drills with rifles and flags,&quot; said&nbsp;Sandra Richie, a board member for the drill team.</p><p>She said the young team members also performed at a youth ball Sunday.</p><p>Richie said the kids were excited to be there for the inauguration, but she showed her own emotion Monday morning while waiting for the drill team to march by and she saw the president&rsquo;s motorcade.</p><p>&quot;The president is passing by right now. I&rsquo;m so excited. There he goes! There he goes!&quot; she said.</p><p>Richie said the team had been working on its routine since the president&rsquo;s last inauguration.</p></p> Mon, 21 Jan 2013 13:55:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/politics/chicagos-south-shore-drill-team-performs-inaugural-parade-105052 Photos: President Barack Obama's second Inauguration http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/photos-president-barack-obamas-second-inauguration-105050 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/obama inaguration small 3 AP_0.jpg" alt="" /><p><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/photos-president-obama-s-2nd-inauguration.js?template=slideshow"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/photos-president-obama-s-2nd-inauguration" target="_blank">View the story "Photos: President Obama's 2nd Inauguration" on Storify</a>]</noscript></p> Mon, 21 Jan 2013 12:59:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/photos-president-barack-obamas-second-inauguration-105050 Illinois gets official float in inaugural parade http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/illinois-gets-official-float-inaugural-parade-105047 <p><p>Illinois&nbsp;will be well represented during today&#39;s Inaugural Parade.</p><p>The procession that follows President Barack Obama down Pennsylvania Avenue following his swearing-in ceremony will feature more than 60 groups and eight official inaugural floats. One of those floats will recognize&nbsp;Illinois, as the birthplace of First Lady Michelle Obama.</p><p>The float will feature American flags, the state flag and a panorama of the state Capitol.</p><p>It will be one of the first floats in the parade and will be immediately followed by Chicago&#39;s South Shore Drill Team.</p><p>Hawaii, the state where President Obama was born, also will have an official float.</p><p>The parade is scheduled to begin about 1:30 p.m. More than 8,800 people and 200 animals are expected to participate.</p></p> Mon, 21 Jan 2013 11:28:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/culture/illinois-gets-official-float-inaugural-parade-105047 Big crowd, high spirits for 2nd Obama swearing-in http://www.wbez.org/news/big-crowd-high-spirits-2nd-obama-swearing-105043 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/obama inaguration small 3 AP.jpg" alt="" /><p><script src="//storify.com/WBEZ/photos-president-obama-s-2nd-inauguration.js?template=slideshow"></script><noscript>[<a href="//storify.com/WBEZ/photos-president-obama-s-2nd-inauguration" target="_blank">View the story "Photos: President Obama's 2nd Inauguration" on Storify</a>]</noscript><div class="image-insert-image "><div class="image-insert-image ">&nbsp;</div></div><div><p>WASHINGTON (AP) &mdash; Declaring &quot;our journey is not complete,&quot; President Barack Obama took the oath of office for his second term before a crowd of hundreds of thousands Monday, urging the nation to set an unwavering course toward prosperity and freedom for all its citizens and protect the social safety net that has sheltered the poor, elderly and needy.</p><div><p>&quot;Our country cannot succeed when shrinking few do very well and a growing many barely make it,&quot; Obama said in a relatively brief, 18-minute address. &quot;We believe that America&#39;s prosperity must rest upon the broad shoulders of a rising middle class,&quot; he added, echoing his calls from the presidential campaign that catapulted him to re-election.</p><p>The president declared a decade of war is ending, as is the economic recession that consumed much of his first term.</p><p>He previewed an ambitious second-term agenda, he devoted several sentences to the threat of global climate change and said that failure to confront it &quot;would betray out children and future generations.&quot; Obama&#39;s focus on climate change was notable given that he barely dealt with the issue in his first term.</p><p>In an era of looming budget cuts, Obama said the nation has a commitment to costly programs such as Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security. &quot;These things do not sap our initiative, they strengthen us,&quot; he said.</p><p>Sandwiched between the bruising presidential campaign and continuing fiscal fights, Monday&#39;s inaugural celebrations marked a brief respite from the partisan gridlock that has consumed the past two years.</p><p>Standing in front of the flag-bedecked Capitol, he implored Washington to find common ground over his next four years. And seeking to build on the public support that catapulted him to the White House twice, the president said the public has &quot;the obligation to shape the debates of our time.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Not only with the votes we cast, but with the voices we lift in defense of our most ancient values and enduring ideals,&quot; Obama said.</p><p>Moments earlier, Obama placed his hand on two Bibles &mdash; one used by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and the other used by Abraham Lincoln &mdash; and recited the brief oath of office. Michelle Obama held the Bibles, one on top of the other, as daughters Malia and Sasha looked on.</p><p>Vice President Joe Biden was also sworn in for his second term as the nation&#39;s second in command.</p><p>Monday&#39;s oaths were purely ceremonial. The Constitution stipulates that presidents begin their new term at noon on Jan. 20, and in keeping with that requirement, Obama was sworn in Sunday in a small ceremony at the White House.</p></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></p> Mon, 21 Jan 2013 09:41:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/news/big-crowd-high-spirits-2nd-obama-swearing-105043 Obama will use family Bible for presidential swearing in http://www.wbez.org/sections/religion/obama-will-use-family-bible-presidential-swearing-105031 <p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F75499640" width="100%"></iframe></p><p><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/398px-Lincoln_inaugural_bible.jpg" style="float: right; height: 452px; width: 300px;" title="President Abraham Lincoln's bible. (Wikimedia Commons)" />When Barack Obama is sworn in as president during the private Sunday ceremony, he&rsquo;ll bring some of his wife&rsquo;s family history to that ritual, namely the Bible from wife Michelle&#39;s family&nbsp;&mdash; the Robinsons.</p><p>The Robinson Family Bible was a gift from the First Lady&rsquo;s father to his mother. Fraser Robinson III gave it to LaVaughn Delores Robinson on Mother&rsquo;s Day in 1958. She used the Bible regularly.</p><p>Omar McRoberts, a sociology professor at the University of Chicago who studies black religious life, said Obama&rsquo;s use of the Robinson Bible gives the public a peek into the president.<br /><br />&quot;It&rsquo;s a statement about his private identity, that is, his personal identity. As someone who identifies closely with his wife&rsquo;s family&rsquo;s African-American Christian heritage,&quot; McRoberts said.<br /><br />On Monday Obama will be sworn in using two other Bibles: President Abraham Lincoln&rsquo;s and Dr. Martin Luther King&rsquo;s.</p></p> Fri, 18 Jan 2013 16:05:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/sections/religion/obama-will-use-family-bible-presidential-swearing-105031 Obama chooses gay affirming Latino priest for inauguration http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-01/obama-chooses-gay-affirming-latino-priest-inauguration-104992 <p><div class="image-insert-image "><img alt="" class="image-original_image" src="http://www.wbez.org/system/files/styles/original_image/llo/insert-images/130115_obama_luis_leon_ap_605_0.jpg" style="height: 163px; width: 300px; float: right;" title="President Barack Obama and Luis León. (AP/File)" />President Barack Obama finally got it right: He picked another Cuban to participate in the inauguration, a <a href="http://miamiherald.typepad.com/gaysouthflorida/2013/01/gay-affirming-cuban-born-pastor-luis-leon-to-give-benediction-at-president-obamas-2nd-inaugural.html">gay-affirming Episcopal priest</a> named Luis León. Miami has never loved Barack as much as it does these days, with two locals sharing the inaugural spotlight: León and poet Richard Blanco, the son of Cuban exiles and the first openly gay man to participate in these festivities.</div><p>But León won&rsquo;t be making history, like Blanco, as the first Latino to give the blessing this time. That&rsquo;s because he was the first Latino to give the blessing in 2005, for President George W. Bush.<br /><br />That&rsquo;s right: In his inauguration for a second term, after a campaign in which Bush explicitly and outrageously supported a constitutional amendment to ban same sex marriage, Bush -- the evangelical and right wing fave -- reached out to León, whose church has <a href="http://southern4life.blogspot.com/2013/01/rev-luis-leon-will-give-president.html#ixzz2IG5E5DR5">gay, non-celibate priests</a>, once had a gay bishop, blesses same sex unions and ordains trans priests.<br /><br />And León didn&rsquo;t mess around when he stood before Bush. Check out the coverage from <a href="http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,144922,00.html#ixzz2IG6UhoRD">Fox</a> of the inauguration:<br /><br />&ldquo;Rev. Luis Leon gave a sweeping inaugural sermon, discussing post-Sept. 11 fears and the general &lsquo;goodness&rsquo; of people. Leon said his and his wife&#39;s friendship with Bush had grown over the last four years.<br /><br />&ldquo;Invoking the famed John Winthrop phrase used by the late President Reagan about &lsquo;a city on the hill,&rsquo; Leon said he hoped the nation could again claim the sense of community that those words inspired.<br /><br />&ldquo;&lsquo;I hope we can become better people,&rsquo; Leon said. As a servant of God, he told the president, he hoped he could invite everyone to be good people, better people, whether black, brown, rich, poor, gay or straight.<br /><br />&quot;&lsquo;We are one,&rsquo; the reverend said, adding that he prayed for the president to help the nation overcome fear brought on by terrorism.<br /><br />&quot;&lsquo;Do not let our fear overcome our faithfulness,&rsquo; he urged.&rdquo;<br /><br />I&rsquo;m heartened when I read this, and heartened to know that Obama selected such a person, but I&rsquo;m also unsettled. León seems to have gone mostly under the radar in 2005 -- there&rsquo;s barely a mention that he&rsquo;s the first Latino to give the benediction for a presidential inauguration.<br /><br />But what does it say that Bush invited such a figure to his ceremony? What does it say that, when it&rsquo;s all over, Bush basically forgot that his whole campaign depended on using queers as boogeymen and turns to a man whose life&rsquo;s work is inclusivity?<br /><br />Like <a href="http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-01/how-did-jim-giglio-get-picked-first-place-104880">I said before</a> when I wrote about the Obama&rsquo;s original selection, the evangelical anti-gay Rev. Louie Giglio, I get the president&rsquo;s need to reach out.<br /><br />But I also confess that, this time, I was glad Obama didn&rsquo;t reach too far outside his core base. I&rsquo;m glad he stopped trying to be all things to all people. Honestly, it wasn&#39;t working for him. I&#39;m glad he just said, screw it -- I&rsquo;m gonna have my gay poet, my gay loving Latino minister, my Puerto Rican Supreme Court Justice who prob loves gays, and drag queen fave Beyoncé&rsquo;s gonna come back for round two.<br /><br />Honest to God, this is gonna be the queerest inaugural ever.<br /><br />Well, <a href="http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Has_there_ever_been_a_gay_US_president">except</a> maybe James Buchanan&rsquo;s.</p></p> Thu, 17 Jan 2013 13:01:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/achy-obejas/2013-01/obama-chooses-gay-affirming-latino-priest-inauguration-104992 Leadership as Selflessness http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2013-01/leadership-selflessness-104910 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/main-images/2939395454_678f6829ee_z.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>With the upcoming second inauguration of Barack Obama, I&rsquo;ve been thinking a lot about the general phenomenon of leadership.&nbsp; I am convinced that ethical leaders display deep selflessness and an absence of the two deadliest of Pope Gregory the Great&rsquo;s &ldquo;seven deadly sins&rdquo; &ndash; pride and envy.&nbsp;</p><p>The Jewish philosopher and mystic, Spinoza, claims that pride is a &ldquo;species of madness&rdquo; because it leads us to think that we can accomplish all things.&nbsp; The fundamental psychology of pride is that it produces a distorted view of self and the world.&nbsp; Pride is about self-absorption, excessive self-esteem, inordinate self-love, and egregious self-evaluation. The Oxford English Dictionary defines pride as &ldquo;an unreasonable conceit of superiority&hellip; and overweening opinion of one&rsquo;s qualities, talents, and abilities.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p>In effect, what pride does is to strip the ability of a person to be objective, to make sound judgments, to be critical. Pride is an excuse for excess, a roadblock to moderation, and a stairway to arrogance.&nbsp; Pride, says poet and Trappist monk Thomas Menton, robs us of our humility and our basic concern for objectivity, because we are constantly focused on self.&nbsp; For Thomas Aquinas, pride is more than narcissism; it is the &ldquo;distorted desire to be exalted.&rdquo;&nbsp; This desire, suggests Aquinas, leads to an exaggeration of our ability and rights and contempt for the ability and rights of others.&nbsp; For Aquinas, pride is the beginning of every sin, and, by his reckoning, the &ldquo;queen of them all.&rdquo;&nbsp; Pride leads to complete &ldquo;selfishness,&rdquo; and to the total abandonment of the concept of &ldquo;selflessness.&rdquo;</p><p>If pride is the queen of the seven deadly sins, clearly envy is her lady-in-waiting.&nbsp; Envy may be the most pervasive of all the sins. Envy is both a positive and a negative part of the human condition.&nbsp; It figures in all of our interactions with others.&nbsp; It is a part of our competitive nature as well as of our contemptuous feelings toward those who seem to be or to do better than us.</p><p>Envy is not just about wanting, desiring what others have. Envy is about resenting the good things others have.&nbsp; Envy is not just desire.&nbsp; It is the inordinate desire for that which belongs to another &ndash; whatever that might be.&nbsp; To be envious is to covet, to be deeply angry, and to harbor hostility, malice, and hatred.&nbsp; In effect, when the envious person sees someone of greater good fortune, his or her response is: &ldquo;Why not me?&nbsp; Why this person, instead?&rdquo;&nbsp; To deeply envy another means: &ldquo;I want your life!&rdquo;&nbsp; &ndash; and &ndash; &ldquo;I hate you for having it.&rdquo;&nbsp; Immanuel Kant argues that envy is an &ldquo;abominable vice, a passion not only distressing and tormenting to the subject, but intent on the destruction of the happiness of others.&rdquo;&nbsp; Building on Kant, philosopher John Rawls argues that envy is an antirational sentiment that is socially dangerous because it diminishes the possibility of achieving fairness and justice between individuals. Envy, says Rawls, &ldquo;is a form of rancor that tends to harm both its object and its subject.&rdquo;</p><p>I believe that &ldquo;genuine&rdquo; leaders display deep selflessness and an absence of overweening pride and envy. &nbsp;Genuine leaders put their cause, their purpose, their calling, before themselves.&nbsp; They live, as Ignatius of Loyola suggested, &ldquo;a life for others.&rdquo;&nbsp; However, this does not mean that they are saints.&nbsp; Their lives, like those of all of us, display flaws, momentary lapses, and episodes of self-indulgence.&nbsp; Despite this, however, their focus remains fixed on concepts, issues or communities beyond themselves.&nbsp;</p></p> Thu, 17 Jan 2013 05:00:00 -0600 http://www.wbez.org/blogs/bez/2013-01/leadership-selflessness-104910 Emanuel Inauguration: Faces in the crowd http://www.wbez.org/blog/city-room-blog/2011-05-16/emanuel-inauguration-faces-crowd-86615 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/blog/photo/2011-May/2011-05-16/P1010608.JPG" alt="" /><p><div class="daylife_smartgalleries_container" style="border: none; margin: 0; padding: 0; overflow: hidden;height: 404px; width: 500px;"><iframe class="daylife_smartgalleries_frame" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" src="http://galleries.wbez.org/gallery_slideshow/1305581125614?width=500&amp;disable_link_to_hosted_page=0&amp;height=404&amp;show_related=0" style="border: none; margin: 0; padding: 0; overflow: hidden;height: 100%; width: 100%;"></iframe></div><p>Several thousand spectators gathered in Millennium Park Monday to watch Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s Inauguration. We spoke to some of them to see what was going through their heads as Chicago got its first new mayor in 22 years.</p></p> Mon, 16 May 2011 21:42:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/blog/city-room-blog/2011-05-16/emanuel-inauguration-faces-crowd-86615 Great (and not so great) moments in mayoral inauguration history http://www.wbez.org/story/great-and-not-so-great-moments-mayoral-inauguration-history-86575 <img typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/photo/2011-May/2011-05-16/Chicago Flag_Flickr_PaxPuig.jpg" alt="" /><p><p>Rahm Emanuel was sworn in as Chicago's mayor on Monday, the first inauguration of a new mayor in this city in more than two decades. Emanuel has been inaugurated before (to Congress), and has attended his fair share of inaugurations as a politician, but this is the first time all the attention will be on him.</p><p>We perused some of Chicago’s previous mayoral inaugurations to find the lessons to be learned from the triumphs and mistakes of past Chicago mayors.</p><p><strong>Be able to predict the future</strong></p><p>Roswell B. Mason, mayor during the Great Chicago Fire, ironically said very little about the fire department during his speech (it was typical at the time to pontificate about the status of important city departments). Mason included only one sentence on the subject, saying, “The Fire Department, I believe, is well disciplined, prompt and reliable, and justly merits the high appreciation in which it is held by the public.”</p><p>Mason was later kicked out of office by Joseph Medill (yes, the Medill who was co-owner and managing editor of the&nbsp;Chicago Tribune) who aligned himself with the newly formed “Fireproof“ party. Unsurprisingly, Medill had a hard time in office; dealing with a crumbling city, he did not finish out the last three and a half months of his term, and departed for Europe on a sick leave.</p><p><strong>Invite a wide variety of guests</strong></p><p>When he was first elected to office in 1989, the currently departing mayor Richard M. Daley was criticized by an Alderman for not inviting an ethnically diverse group of Chicagoans to his festivities, with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1989/04/25/us/daley-takes-helm-as-chicago-mayor.html">The New York Times&nbsp;reporting that</a>&nbsp;“A relatively small proportion of the guests in the vast hall were black.” Saul Bellow was invited though, and made remarks.</p><p>In contrast, Harold Washington, the city’s first black mayor, declared his inauguration the “people’s ceremony.” He featured “music, prayer and poetry, which emphasized the city’s ethnic, religious and racial pluralism and the grassroots support that swept him into office,”&nbsp;<a href="http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=n_5VAAAAIBAJ&amp;sjid=UeIDAAAAIBAJ&amp;pg=5068,7080284&amp;dq=chicago+mayor+history+inauguration&amp;hl=en">The Los Angeles Times&nbsp;reported.</a>&nbsp;He included readings by Studs Terkel and Illinois poet laureate Gwendolyn Brooks, as well as prayers from a variety of religious communities. To top it all off, a multi-ethnic children’s choir sang both Spanish and black national hymn.</p><p><strong>Be careful where you stand</strong></p><p>During Mayor Francis C. Sherman’s celebration, three citizens were injured by standing in front of a cannon that discharged as part of the celebration.<img alt="" src="http://llnw.wbez.org/story/insert-image/2011-May/2011-05-16/File Alexanderloyd.jpeg" style="margin: 7px; float: right;" title=""></p><p><strong>Don’t expect your constituents to respect you just because you’re now mayor</strong></p><p>On March 9, 1840, Chicago's fourth mayor, Alexander Loyd, delivered the first mayoral inaugural address on which archival evidence still exists. Just because it was the first doesn’t mean it was well received; popular newspaper of the time&nbsp;The Chicago Democrat&nbsp;didn't even mention it (despite the fact that Alexander was a democrat), while a Whig Party newspaper said Alexander's inauguration speech which “considering his embarrassing situation and that he was probably totally unaccustomed to public speaking, was as appropriate and well as could have been expected."</p><p><strong>If you want to get your picture taken with the Mayor, it might not happen the way you expect</strong>James J. Laski, a former city clerk who was convicted in 2006&nbsp;for stealing tens of thousands of dollars in bribes as part of the Hired Trucking Scandal, got more than he expected when he met with Mayor Richard M. Daley on inauguration day.In Laski’s book, he&nbsp;writes of being told by Mayor Daley’s office that he and his family might not be able to get their picture taken with the Mayor on inauguration day because of a scheduling conflict. Instead, they all ended up getting their picture taken with the Mayor and Massachusetts Senator John Kerry, who was then running for President. The kicker: Laski’s son accidentally said congratulations to the Senator instead of Daley.</p><p><strong>Don’t assume history will remember your inauguration very well</strong></p><p>It’s unclear when the exact date of Mayor Francis C. Sherman’s inauguration was; though the civilian injuries occurred on March 4, Sherman did not file his oath of office until the 6th&nbsp;of 1841, and his speech was not published in the paper until the 10th.</p><p><strong>There’s always next year (or a few years after</strong>)</p><p>Many of our mayors got to experience inauguration in non-consecutive terms, a practice that appears more common earlier in Chicago’s political history. Benjamin Wright&nbsp;Raymond skipped a turn, serving from&nbsp;1839–1840 and then from 1842–1843, and he’s one of many. But most impressive is Francis C. Sherman: he skipped 20 years between two of his terms.</p></p> Mon, 16 May 2011 04:50:00 -0500 http://www.wbez.org/story/great-and-not-so-great-moments-mayoral-inauguration-history-86575